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Design Project: BSRM

Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES


Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

REPORT OF 20 STORIED
BUILDING OF
BANGLADESH STEEL RE-
ROLLING MILL Ltd.

Revision History

0 Revision-0 (Original Issue ID:TCS.BSRM06-01) 19.05.2015

Rev. Revision information Date

Reviewed by Approved by

Engr. Sanjida Alam Sharna, Bsc in Civil Mohammad Mahfuzur Rahman,Msc in Civil

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Owner: TCS Page 2 of 19
Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

1.0 INTRODUCTION
2.0 SCOPE OF WORK
3.0 WORK METHODOLOGY
4.0 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CONCEPT & CRITERIA.
4.1 CODES AND STANDARD:
4.2 STRUCTURAL SYSTEM
4.3 MEMBER DIMENSIONING
4.4 MATERIAL PROPERTIES
4.5 GENERAL LOAD DATA
4.6 LOAD COMBINATION:
4.7 DESIGN METHOD
4.8 SOFTWARE AND COMPUTER PROGRAM
5.0 STRUCTURAL SYSTEM:
5.2 TOP DEFLECTION DUE TO LATERAL LOAD
5.3 TOP DEFLECTION DUE TO LATERAL LOAD
5.4 COLUMN REINFORCEMENT
5.5 ADEQUACY OF SLAB AND BEAM DESIGN
6.0 CONCLUDING REMARKS

SUMMARY FINDINGS
Owner: TCS Page 3 of 19
Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

The structure has designed and checked considering both option of RC beam and joist
supported slab. In both cases member dimention, deflection and member design capacity
were within limit. Member quantity and there rate as per schedule has also been
documented (APPENDIX A).

Finally saving in cost has been observed in steel joist supported slab. Below table shows
saving in cost for both type of slab system of a RC framed structure.

SLAB TYPE Cost /sft (Frame structure)


RC BEAM SUPPORTED SLAB 1648.22

STEEL JOIST SUPPORTED SLAB 1624.33

1.0 INTRODUCTION

This report is based on the study on compare the design of a commercial building by two
different materials i.e. RC beam supported slab and Open web joist supported slab. The
structure has been analyzed and designed by using ETABS 9.7. & ETABS 2003. The
structure (Both cases) has designed to comply with all relevant Bangladesh National
Building Code BNBC-1993 and American Institute Steel Construction (AISC ASD)
Allowable steel design Standards.

The 20 storied residential building for BANGLADESH STEEL RE-ROLLING MILL


(BSRM). is located at Dhaka. The structure is designed by The Civil and Structures
(TCS). The building is near about 82ft long and 58ft wide supported on 14 columns. The
floor system is two-way slab on beams and steel joist supported slab. The structural
system is RC moment resisting frame.

Figure: Plan in Structural Model

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

Figure: Plan in AutoCAD Drawings

2.0 SCOPE OF WORK

The study will compare the design of two different materials with the same floor area
designed on reinforced concrete and steel framing. Both the buildings floor systems will
be beam supported. The study will analyze the dynamic behavior of reinforced concrete
structure to wind velocities of up to 210 kph and peak ground acceleration of up to 0.15g
m/s2 ( Basic seismic coefficient, Z=0.15, BNBC, 1993). A complete BOQ of materials
including schematic and general arrangement of drawings of the buildings in RCC will be
prepared.

3.0 WORK METHODOLOGY

After discussion with BSRM officials for the above mentioned research study, a real
project of 20 storied commercial RCC building. For simplicity only super structure part
is considered and the column grids are finally approved by BSRM officials. Based on the
drawings, THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES independently developed a computer
analysis model and carried out complete analysis of the structure incorporating various
design requirements as per Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC).

Loading values, Load combination, design parameters, strength calculation are of the
major findings from the Code. The results obtained from computer model were checked
against relevant specifications and hand calculations. Finally, based on the analytical
result, Structural design drawings are prepared.

Owner: TCS Page 5 of 19


Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

4.0 STRUCTURAL DESIGN CONCEPT & CRITERIA.

The structural element of the building has been designed considering the following
criteria.

4.1 Codes and Standard:

Bangladesh national Building Code - 1993 (BNBC)


American Institute of Steel Construction 1989, ASD (AISC -89)
American Concrete Institute (ACI 318-99)
American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM)

4.2 Structural System

Selection of structural system normally depends on the building layout, column spacing,
floor height, aesthetic impression, maintenance requirement and available construction
method. Considering the above factors Intermediate moment Resisting Frame System
(IMRF) has been adopted for the project. (Ref. BNBC, Part 6, Sec 1.3.2)

4.3 Member Dimensioning

The column grids are chosen considering two or three car parking in between two column
grids. The column sizes are finalized so that the percentage of reinforcements required in
columns at Ground floor level remain in between 3% to 4%. The column dimensions are
reduced at 6th & 12th floor levels. The beams considered 15”x24”. The thickness of lift
core considered 12 inch. Column and beam sizes are finalized in the analysis so that top
deflection of the structure remains within allowable limit.

4.4 Material Properties

Concrete: Compressive Strength of Concrete fc’ = 4000 psi.


Reinforcement: Deformed bar with minimum yield strength of 72500 psi.

4.5 General Load Data

Dead load:

Dead load is the vertical load due to the weight of permanent structural and non-structural
component of a building, e.g walls, ceilings, permanent partitions and fixed service
equipment. Unit weight of materials and the calculation of design dead loads are
according to section 2.2, Chapter 2, part 6 of BNBC. Superimposed dead loads
considered for both buildings are 60 psf.

Live load:

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

Live load is the load superimposed by the user or occupancy of the building but not
including the environment load, as per Table- 6.2.3, BNBC- Page 6-22. Live loads
considered for both buildings are 60 psf.

Wind load:

The calculation of wind load conforms the Sub-clause 2.4, Chapter 2, and part 6 of
BNBC. The following equation has been used to calculate sustained wind pressure of the
structure

Pz = Cg Cp Cc Ci Cz Vb2 [BNBC, 2.4.6.2, 2.4.6.3 page – 6-33, 6-34]

Wind load was applied in two orthogonal directions X and Y. The basic wind speed
considered is 260 km/hr. Exposure A was considered for wind load calculation.

Earth Quake load:

V = ZICW / R
Zone 2 was considered in earth quake load calculation for Chittagong City.
Earth Quake load was applied in two orthogonal directions X and Y.

4.6 Load Combination:

R.C. structural member will be designed to have strength not less than that required to
resist the most unfavorable effect of the combination of the factored loads shown below.

1. 1.4DL + 1.7 LL
2. 0.75 (1.4 DL + 1.7 LL + 1.7 WL)
3. 0.75 (1.4 DL + 1.7 LL + 1.7 (1.1 EQ))
4. 0.9DL + 1.3 WL or (1.1 EQ)
Ref: BNBC, Part 6, sec 2.7.5
However for foundation design following load combination will be considered
1. DL + LL
2. DL + LL + WL or EQ

Where DL = Dead load, LL = Live load, WL = Wind load, EQ = Earth Quake Load.
33 % overstressing allowed when DL + LL + WL or EQ load governs.

4.7 Design Method

Reinforced concrete structure has been designed with Ultimate strength design (USD)
method has been adopted. Special provision for seismic design: Chapter 21 of ACI 38-99
and BNBC has been adopted.

Owner: TCS Page 7 of 19


Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

4.8 Software and Computer Program

Etabs 9.6 has been utilized for the analysis and design of the structure. Moreover
spreadsheets written in MS Excel have been used for analysis and design of the structure

5.0 STRUCTURAL SYSTEM:

There are four major building systems for RCC structures, such as
1. Bearing Wall System
2. Ordinary Moment-Resisting Frame
3. Building Frame System
4. Dual System

In this case the building is Moment Resisting Frame system.


Vertical loads are resisted by a space frame, consisting of beams (or girders) and
columns
– Loads are transmitted to beams and columns by roof and floor slabs

Lateral loads are resisted entirely by the space frame


– Frame action requires rigid beam-column joints that are capable of
resisting moments
– Loads are transmitted to the space frame by curtain walls.

Owner: TCS Page 8 of 19


Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

5.2 TOP DEFLECTION DUE TO LATERAL LOAD

RC Beam and column frames with a two way slab is the lateral load resisting system for
20 storied residential building. The design requirement is that the building structure
should have adequate stregth to resist and to remain stable under the worst probable
actions that may occur during the lifetime of the building, inclufing the period of
construction.

The provision of adequate stiffness, particularly lateral stiffness, is a major consideration


in the design of a building for several important reasons. As far as the ultimate limit state
is concerned, lateral deflection must first be limited to prevent second order P-Delta
effects due to gravity loading being of such a magnitude as to precipitate collapse. In
terms of servicibility limit states, deflections must first be maintained at a sufficient low
level to allow the proper functioning of the non-structural, components such as elevators
and doors, second to avoid the distress of the structure, to prevent the excessive cracking
and consequent loss of stiffness.
The top deflection of the building at roof level is showen below:

Figure: Column no. in analysis.

The top deflection of the building for the lateral loads i.e. for wind and earthquake load is
given in Table 2. The deflection at different column points is tabulated below in both x-
direction and y-direction

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

5.3 TOP DEFLECTION DUE TO LATERAL LOAD

Table 2: Deflection of the building (inch)


Story Point Load UX UY
ROOF 1 D1 0.0354 -1.7541
ROOF 3 D1 0.0313 -1.7945
ROOF 4 D1 0.0068 -1.7526
ROOF 5 D1 0.0038 -1.7931
ROOF 6 D1 0.0255 -1.7536
ROOF 7 D1 0.0165 -1.753
ROOF 8 D1 0.0225 -1.7941
ROOF 9 D1 0.0128 -1.7935
ROOF 10 D1 0.0057 -1.7685
ROOF 11 D1 0.0049 -1.782
ROOF 12 D1 0.0153 -1.7692
ROOF 13 D1 0.014 -1.7827
ROOF 14 D1 0.0245 -1.7706
ROOF 15 D1 0.0235 -1.7841

Fig: Deflection points are show here.

The maximum unfactored top deflection due to wind load is-0.02 inch and corresponding
unfactored deflection is 1.8 inch which is less than allowable limit H/500 (i.e 240*12/500
= 5.75in). Hence it is safe and stable from deflection point of view.

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

5.4 COLUMN REINFORCEMENT

The total loads on the columns and the capacity of the columns are calculated in the
following Table. The factor of safety of the columns is also calculated and factor of safety
of all columns are found more than 1.86 which is in green category.

FIG: GRID 1: 1ST FLOOR TO 10TH FLOOR REBAR PERSANTAGE

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

FIG: GRID 1: 10TH FLOOR TO 20TH FLOOR REBAR PERSANTAGE

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

FIG: GRID 2: 1ST FLOOR TO 12TH FLOOR REBAR PERSANTAGE

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

FIG: GRID-C 1ST FLOOR TO 20TH FLOOR REBAR PERSANTAGE

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

FIG: ELEVATION OF GRID 3 COLUMN REINFORCEMENT INCH

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

Table 5: Column unfactored reaction from 3-D Computer analysis

Story Point Load FZ(kip-in)


BASE 1 U 1036.94
BASE 3 U 1038.36
BASE 4 U 1384.05
BASE 5 U 1388.02
BASE 6 U 1604.5
BASE 7 U 1710.71
BASE 8 U 1607.6
BASE 9 U 1713.19
BASE 10 U 1873.12
BASE 11 U 1874.72
BASE 12 U 2541.88
BASE 13 U 2544.39
BASE 14 U 1829.35
BASE 15 U 1842.74

Table 5 (A): Column reinforcement

Column Total Required Required


designation Column reinforcement reinforcement
in drawing Load (in2) In rebar
(kip) From percentage
ETABS From
ETABS
C1 (36X36) 1830 35.0 2.64%
C2 (30X36) 1604 18.0 1.70%
C3 (30X30) 1036 12.5 1.38%

The reinforcement provided at ground floor levels are found adequate for most of the
columns. Hence all columns are safe.

5.5 ADEQUACY OF SLAB AND BEAM DESIGN

The floor roof slab is two way beam supported slab. The maximum panel size is 23’ x 22’
and the thickness provided is 6”. Slab reinforcement is adequate to carry the load upon it.
The beam reinforcement required from ETABS analysis is shown below.

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

Figure: Beam reinforcement (in2) in 1st floor of the building

Figure: Beam reinforcement (in2) in 1st floor of the building

Required reinforcement of beam is OK. Hence beam size and reinforcement is safe.

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Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

5.6 COMPARISON

A) RC BEAM SUPPORTED SLAB

ABSTRACT OF COST (CONSIDERING RC BEAM SUPPORTED


SLAB)
A. CIVIL WORKS: Tk. 133427624.15
Total Tk. 133427624.15
Add @ 5% contingency Tk. 6671381.207
Total Tk. 140099005.35
140,099,100
Say Tk. .00
1,648.
Rate/sft 22

A) STEEL JOIST SUPPORTED SLAB

ABSTRACT OF COST (CONSIDERING OPEN WEB JOIST SUPPORTED


SLAB)
A. CIVIL WORKS: Tk. 131493637.42
Total Tk. 131493637.42
Add @ 5% contingency Tk. 6574681.871
Total Tk. 138068319.30
138,068,400
Say Tk. .00
1,624.
Rate/sft 33

SLAB TYPE Cost /sft (Frame structure)


RC BEAM SUPPORTED SLAB 1648.22

STEEL JOIST SUPPORTED SLAB 1624.33

Owner: TCS Page 18 of 19


Design Project: BSRM
Consultant THE CIVIL AND STRUCTURES
Title REPORT OF 20 STORIED BSRM BUILDING

6.0 CONCLUDING REMARKS

The structure was modeled using 3-D computer program ETABS and designed for all
possible load combinations. The following observations have been done.

The structure has designed and checked considering both option of RC beam and joist
supported slab. In both cases member dimention, deflection and member design capacity
were within limit. Member quantity and there rate as per schedule has also been
documented (APPENDIX A).

Finally saving in cost has been observed in steel joist supported slab.

Owner: TCS Page 19 of 19