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Technological Institute of the Philippines

Electronics Engineering Department

Final Examination Set A


Industrial Electronics
ECP 483L1

I. Multiple Choice: Choose the best answer that fit the question or the incomplete statement. Place or shade your answer on
provided answer sheet.. Anyone caught cheating in any form or kind means failing this course.
1. A dc voltage supply provides 60 V when the output is unloaded. When connected to a load, the output drops to 56 V.
Calculate the value of voltage regulation.
A. 6.67% B. 7.14% C. 29% D. 1.5%
2. If N1/N2 = 2, and the primary voltage is 120 V, what is the secondary voltage?
A. 0V B. 36V C. 60V D. 240V
3. We want a peak load voltage of 40 V out of a bridge rectifier. What is the approximate rms value of secondary voltage?
A. 0 V B. 14.4 V C. 28.3 V D. 56.6 V
4. What is the peak load voltage out of a bridge rectifier for a secondary voltage of 15 V rms? (Use second approximation.)
A. 9.2 V B. 15 V C. 19.8 V D. 24.3 V
5. If line frequency is 60 Hz, the output frequency of a half-wave rectifier is___.
A. 30 Hz B. 60 Hz C. 120 Hz D. 240 Hz
6. If the load current is 5 mA and the filter capacitance is 1000uF, what is the peak-to-peak ripple out of a bridge rectifier?
A. 21.3 pV B. 56.3 nV C. 21.3 mV D. 41.7 mV
7. What is the PIV across each diode of a bridge rectifier with a secondary voltage of 20 V rms?
A. 14.1 V B. 20 V C. 28.3 V D. 34 V
8. A voltage regulator has a ripple rejection of -60 dB. If the input ripple is 1 V, the output ripple is
A. -60 mV B. 1 mV C. 10 mV D. 1000 V
9. Compute the output ripple voltage (rms) of a simple capacitor filter fed by a full-wave rectifier develops 14.5 V dc at
6.5% ripple factor.
A. 666.45mV B. 942.5mV C. 1.33V D. 2.96V
10.Calculate the size of the filter capacitor needed to obtain a filtered voltage with 12% ripple at a load of 150 mA. The full-
wave filtered voltage is 30 V dc, and the supply is 60 Hz.
A. 37uF B. 100uF C. 1052uF D. 3000uF
11. In a simple series regulator circuit, which of the following components is the controlling element?
A. load resistor B. transistor Q 1 C. Zener diode D. error detector
12.The ________ the percent load regulation rating of a voltage regulator, the higher the quality of the circuit.
A. lower B. higher C. larger the change in D. none of the above
13.A voltage regulator connected in parallel with the load.
A. series regulator B. parallel regulator C. shunt regulator D. switching regulator ac-converter
14.The element/device used as a comparator in most voltage regulators.
A. zener diode B. BJT C. IGBT D. op-amp
15.What is the regulated output voltage of a 7924 regulator?
A. +4V B. – 24V C. -4V D. +24V
16.A dc voltage supply provides 60 V when the output is unloaded. When connected to a load, the output drops to 56 V.
Calculate the value of voltage regulation.
A. 6.67% B. 7.14% C. 29% D. 1.5%
17.If N1/N2 = 2, and the primary voltage is 120 V, what is the secondary voltage?
A. 0V B. 36V C. 60V D. 240V
18.We want a peak load voltage of 40 V out of a bridge rectifier. What is the approximate rms value of secondary voltage?
A. 0 V B. 14.4 V C. 28.3 V D. 56.6 V
19.What is the peak load voltage out of a bridge rectifier for a secondary voltage of 15 V rms? (Use second approximation.)
A. 9.2 V B. 15 V C. 19.8 V D. 24.3 V
20.If line frequency is 60 Hz, the output frequency of a half-wave rectifier is___.
A. 30 Hz B. 60 Hz C. 120 Hz D. 240 Hz
21.If the load current is 5 mA and the filter capacitance is 1000uF, what is the peak-to-peak ripple out of a bridge rectifier?
A. 21.3 pV B. 56.3 nV C. 21.3 mV D. 41.7 mV
22.What is the PIV across each diode of a bridge rectifier with a secondary voltage of 20 V rms?
A. 14.1 V B. 20 V C. 28.3 V D. 34 V
Set A – 412220795.doc - 1
23.A voltage regulator has a ripple rejection of -60 dB. If the input ripple is 1 V, the output ripple is
A. -60 mV B. 1 mV C. 10 mV D. 1000 V
24. Compute the output ripple voltage (rms) of a simple capacitor filter fed by a full-wave rectifier develops 14.5 V dc at
6.5% ripple factor.
A. 666.45mV B. 942.5mV C. 1.33V D. 2.96V
25.Calculate the size of the filter capacitor needed to obtain a filtered voltage with 12% ripple at a load of 150 mA. The full-
wave filtered voltage is 30 V dc, and the supply is 60 Hz.
A. 37uF B. 100uF C. 1052uF D. 3000uF
26.The most efficient voltage regulator and is therefore used in high current high-voltage applications.
A.series regulators B. shunt regulators C. hybrid regulators D. switching regulators
27.A pulse width modulator with a frequency of 100Hz and off-time of 6ms, determine the output of a switching regulator if it
is a boost switching regulator. The input dc voltage is 12 V.
A. 30 V B. 24V C. 21V D. 20V
28.A pulse width modulator with a frequency of 100Hz and off-time of 6ms, determine the output of a switching regulator if it
is a boost switching regulator. The input dc voltage is 12 V.
A. 30 V B. 24V C. 21V D. 20V
29.A pulse width modulator with a frequency of 100Hz and off-time of 5ms, determine the output of a switching regulator if it
is a buck switching regulator. The input dc voltage is 12 V.
A. 3V B. 4V C. 6 V D. 9V
30.A pulse width modulator with a frequency of 100Hz and off-time of 5ms, determine the output of a switching regulator if it
is a buck switching regulator. The input dc voltage is 12 V.
A. 3V B. 4V C. 6 V D. 9V
31.Compute the output voltage of a transistor series regulator with zener reference voltage of 4.7V, load resistance of 100
ohms, input voltage of 20V and limiting resistor of 560 ohms.
A. 15.3V B. 14.6V C. 5.4V D. 4V
32.Compute the output voltage of a transistor series regulator with zener reference voltage of 4.7V, load resistance of 100
ohms, input voltage of 20V and limiting resistor of 560 ohms.
A. 15.3V B. 14.6V C. 5.4V D. 4V
33.Which one of the SCR terminals fires the SCR?
A. Anode B. Cathode C. Gate D. Emitter
34.Which of the following devices has nearly the same turn-on time as turn-off time?
A. SCR B. GTO C. SCS D. LASCR
35.Which of the following devices does not have a cathode terminal?
A. SCR B. SCS C. Triac D. Shockley diode
36.When testing an SCR with an ohmmeter, the SCR conduct if what two elements are shorted together?
A. gate and ground B. gate and cathode z C. gate and anode D. ground a and cathode
37.You have the schematic diagram of several types of circuits. Which of these circuits most likely uses a triac?
A. an oscillator B. an AC motor control C. a programmable oscillator D. an amplifier
38.A PUT has a value of VGK = +8 V. What value of VAK is needed to trigger the device into conduction?
A. -8.7 V B. +16.7 V C. +8.7 V D. 8V
39.A PUT has a value of VGK = +8 V. What value of VAK is needed to trigger the device into conduction?
A. -8.7 V B. +16.7 V C. +8.7 V D. 8V
40.The ______ can be externally programmed to turn on at a desired anode-to-gate voltage level.
A. UJT B. PUT C. SCR D. SCS
41.What is the most common circuit modification used to prevent false triggering in SCRs?
A. A crowbar circuit B. A snubber circuit C. A phase-control circuit D. bar circuit
42.The minimum amount of current needed for an SCR to conduct continuously.
A. holding current B. triggering current C. threshold current D. average sustaining current
43.What is the regulated output voltage of series regulator shown in Figure 1 if R 1= 1kΩ, R2= 1kΩ, R3= 30kΩ, R4= 20kΩ,
and Vz = 8.3V?
A. 7.6V B. 9V C. 15V D. 18V
44.What is the regulated output voltage of series regulator shown in Figure 1 if R 1= 1kΩ, R2= 1kΩ, R3= 30kΩ, R4= 20kΩ,
and Vz = 8.3V?
A. 7.6V B. 9V C. 15V D. 18V

Set A – 412220795.doc - 2
45.What is the regulated output voltage of series regulator shown in Figure 2 if R 1= 20kΩ, R2= 30kΩ, R3= 10kΩ, and Vz =
6.2V?
A. 24.8V B. 18.6V C. 9.3V D. 8.3V
46.What is the regulated output voltage of series regulator shown in Figure 2 if R 1= 20kΩ, R2= 30kΩ, R3= 10kΩ, and Vz =
6.2V?
A. 24.8V B. 18.6V C. 9.3V D. 8.3V
47.Solve the regulated output voltage of Figure 3. Vi =20V, R 1= 100Ω, R2= 3kΩ, β=100, and Vz = 6.2V
A. 7.6V B. 12.4V C. 13.8V D. 18.6V
48.Solve the regulated output voltage of Figure 3. Vi =20V, R 1= 100Ω, R2= 3kΩ, β=100, and Vz = 6.2V
A. 7.6V B. 12.4V C. 13.8V D. 18.6V
49.Determine the output voltage of Figure 4, if the potentiometer is set to 1.88k ohms. (use Iadj = 50uA)
A. 18V B. 16V C. 14V D. 12V
50.Determine the output voltage of Figure 4, if the potentiometer is set to 1.88k ohms. (use Iadj = 50uA)
A. 18V B. 16V C. 14V D. 12V

Figure 1.
Figure 2.

Figure 3. Figure 4.

51.*A UJT has an internal resistances of RB1 = 6 kohms and RB2 = 3 kohms, what is its interbase resistance?
A. 2 kohms B. 3 kohms C. 6 kohms D. 9 kohms
52.*A UJT has an internal resistances of RB1 = 6 kohms and RB2 = 3 kohms, what is its interbase resistance?
A. 2 kohms B. 3 kohms C. 6 kohms D. 9 kohms
53.*A 220-ohm resistor is connected in series with the gate of an SCR. The gate current required to fire the SCR is 7mAand
the holding current is 10mA. What is the input voltage to resistor to cause the SCR to latch?
A. 1.54 V B. 2.24 V C. 0.84V D. none of the above.
54.*A 220-ohm resistor is connected in series with the gate of an SCR. The gate current required to fire the SCR is 7mAand
the holding current is 10mA. What is the input voltage to resistor to cause the SCR to latch?
A. 1.54 V B. 2.24 V C. 0.84V D. none of the above.
O
55.*A 120V-rms supply is connected to an SCR circuit that has a conduction angle of 145 . What is the DC voltage
delivered to the load?
A. 4.88 V B. 6.91V C. 34.7V D. 49.13V
O
56.*A 120V-rms supply is connected to an SCR circuit that has a conduction angle of 145 . What is the DC voltage
delivered to the load?
A. 4.88 V B. 6.91V C. 34.7V D. 49.13V
Set A – 412220795.doc - 3
57.*For the circuit shown in figure E4.1, the supply voltage(V1) is 120V-rms and the gate trigger current is 150mA. What
should be the value of R2 be adjusted to if the required firing angle is 75 O?
A. 88.15 Kohms B. 126.7 Kohms C. 131.4 Kohms D. none of the above
58.*For the circuit shown in figure E4.1, the supply voltage(V1) is 120V-rms and the gate trigger current is 150mA. What
should be the value of R2 be adjusted to if the required firing angle is 75 O?
A. 88.15 Kohms B. 126.7 Kohms C. 131.4 Kohms D. none of the above
59.*For the circuit shown in figure E4.1, the supply voltage(V1) is 120V-rms and the gate trigger current is 150mA. What will
be the value of firing angle if R2 is set to 200 ohms and R1 is change to 500 ohms?
A. 119.6O B. 60.4O C. 28.36O D. 37.9 O
60.*For the circuit shown in figure E4.1, the supply voltage(V1) is 120V-rms and the gate trigger current is 150mA. What will
be the value of firing angle if R2 is set to 200 ohms and R1 is change to 500 ohms?
A. 119.6O B. 60.4O C. 28.36O D. 37.9 O
61.*For the circuit shown in figure E4.1, the supply voltage(V1) is 120V-rms and the gate trigger current is 20mA. What will
be the value of conduction angle if R2 is set to 200 ohms and R1 is change to 500 ohms?
A. 7 O B.6O C. 5 O D. 4O

V1

Figure E4.1

62.The photoconductive cells are two-terminal devices that vary its ___ with light intensity.
A. output voltage B. output current C. resistances D. number of cells
63.A device that might be used as a sensor to turn on a system of street lights is
A. an SCR B. a phototransistor C. a solar cell D. a thermistor
64.An input transducer that is made of a dual secondary winding transformer with a movable core.
A. LDVT B. LVDT C. LDR D. Transmov
65.An input transducer that have a large negative temperature coefficient and is made of metallic oxides.
A. Thermistor B. LDR C. Thermocouple D. Thermetox
66.Used in industry to accurately measure large forces, especially large weights.
A. Force gages B. Strength meter C. Strain gages D. Weighting gages
67.Another term for thermoelectric effect
A. Seebeck effect B. Hall effect C. Photoelectric effect D. Thermal effect
68.An electrical température sensing device which is composed of pair of different kinds of metal wires joined together in
three complete loops.
A. flowmeter B. psychrometer C. thermocouple D. photoconductive cell
69.The word ‘robot’ is coined by
A. Kondratieff B. Karel Capek C. Cyril Walter Kenward D. Joseph Engelberger
70.The first patent for an industrial robot was developed in 1954 by
A. Asimov B. Maniko C. Devol D. Hitachi
71.A programmable, multifunction manipulator designed to move materials, parts tools or specific devices.
A. Industrial robot B. Android C. Aduatoi D. End effector
72.The number of axis a robot is free to move is called
A. freedom axis B. degrees of freedomC. movement degrees D. mechanical axis

Set A – 412220795.doc - 4