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Working Bibliography

Donkor, Anthony Kudjo. “Parental Involvement in Education in Ghana: The Case of a Private Elementary

School.” 2010,

This article is written by Anthony Kudjo Donkor. His article, “Parent Involvement in

Education of a Private Elementary School” appeared in the International Journal about Parents

in Education, copyright 2010. The main point of this article is to explain how parental

involvement can affect education in Africa. These parents are usually illiterate and low income.

This article is the summary of a study that was done about the parent involvement. Donkor

explained that the child’s success is related to their home life, the size of their family, poverty

level, the parent’s own educational status, and the parent’s priorities. The purpose of this article

is to show the results of the study and explain how the parents affect the education. After doing

some research, I found that this article was written by a credible source. Anthony Kudjo Donkor

has written several educational articles pertaining to parental involvement. He studied at the

University of Kentucky and after a simple online search, I can tell he is knowledgeable about this

subject. In addition, this study was published in the International Journal about Parents in

Education, so I believe it to be a credible source.

In my paper I plan to use this information in a variety of ways. The author talks about the

correlation of parental involvement to academic success, which is the point of my paper. This

study was done in another country, so I’ll be able to explain how another country has the same

concerns as we do in America. The socioeconomic status of the parents has a big impact of the

type of student the child will become, and having the example of another country will help the

outcome of my argument.
Gestwicki, Carol. Home, School, and Community Relations: A Guide to Working with Parents. Delmar

Publishers, 1996.

Carol Gestwicki wrote the book “Home, School, and Community Relations: A Guide to Working with

Parents” and was published in 1996. This is a textbook that I use in other educational classes.

The author has proven to be credible by having this book published and assisting in writing other

educational books. This textbook has many different sections that discuss parent involvement, it

discusses what is appropriate, what isn’t and how the parents can help. This textbook provides

statistics and information about how success and parent involvement are linked. I plan to use

this source as a scholarly way to improve my argument for my paper.


Don Kauchak wrote this edition of “Introduction to Teaching: Becoming a Professional” in 2018. This is

another textbook that I currently use in my introduction to Education class. This book also has

many different sections that tech you how to enhance parent involvement from a teacher

standpoint, but al so how to help student succeed. I plan to use this source in my argument by

taking these real-life situations the book provides and the data in the book to my advantage.

Keith Robinson and Angel L. Harris. “Parental Involvement Is Overrated.” The New York Times, The New

York Times, 12 Apr. 2014,


Keith Robinson and Angel L. Harris wrote the article, “Parental Involvement is Overrated” in

2014. It was published on the online version of the New York Times. The main point of this

source was to explain that parental involvement may not be as important as others have
stressed it to be. This article explains that helping in a child’s classroom, volunteering at their

school, helping them with homework, and contacting their school doesn’t always improve

performance. They go on to say that too much involvement could hurt academic success. There

are many people that make policies about academics that have stressed the importance of

parental involvement, but don’t always have the proof to back it up. Some cases have shown

that less involved parents had higher academic success levels. Lastly, homework help by parents

doesn’t link to improved grades.

Keith Robinson and Angel L. Harris are credible sources because of their educational

backgrounds. Robinson is the assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Texas. Harris is

a Professor of Sociology and African American studies at Duke. Both authors actively wrote “The

Broken Compass: Parental Involvement with Children’s Education”. In my article, I will be using

this as the opposite argument. This article argues that parental involvement is not as important

and isn’t linked the the student’s success. While this goes against what my paper will be about, I

think it will make a good counterpoint in the paper. It can help articulate my position by

showing that while some people don’t believe in the success of parental involvement (such as

these authors) my other sources can withstand that argument.

Sivertsen, Juliette. “The Importance of Parental Involvement in Your Child's Education.” The Importance

of Parental Involvement in Your Child's Education, 22 Sept. 2015,


Juliette Sivertsen published this online article, “The Importance of Parental Involvement in Your

Child's Education”, in September 2015. It appeared on the Washington Christian Academy’s

online page. The main point of this article is to prove that parental involvement is important.

According to this article, parent involvement has more than just academic benefits. The benefits

of the children having involved parents include higher self esteem and better grades. This is

without thinking of the child’s home life and background. As for the parents, they have benefits

as well. The parents can be more confident in their parenting and help their child have a good

support system. Being involved in your child’s academics shows you as a parent care about them

and boosts metal health of the child.

This author is linked to the Washington Christian Academy, which is a college. In this article thy

talk more about the mental and emotional benefits that parent involvement has rather than just

focuses on academics. I plan to use this article to help support my argument. Instead of just

sticking to facts about academic success, I can use this article to explain the emotional benefits

that parent involvement has for the child and for the parent as well.

McQuiggan, Meghan, and Sarah Grady. Parent and Family Involvement in Education: Results from the

National Household Education Surveys Program of 20. Sept. 2017,

Meghan McQuiggan and Sarah Grady wrote “Parent and Family Involvement in Education: Results from

the National Household Education Surveys Program”. This was an online book written with

different statistics. There are tables and percentages that explain different topics of K-12

students. It shows how parents can be involved in different ways. These writers were featured in

the Institute of Educational Sciences. I plan to use this in my paper for the statistics. I can defend

my argument using the data and information I will gather from this source.
Pinantoan, Adrianes. TeachThoughtStaff. “The Effect of Parental Involvement On Academic

Achievement.” TeachThoughtStaff, 23 June 2016,


Adrianes Pinantoan wrote “The Effect of Parental Involvement on Academic Achievement” in 2016. This

article appeared on the TeachThoughtStaff website. Her article explains how the parents have a

big impact on the student’s success. Having a good support system is key, as well as having two

parents be involved. She found that having an involved father was an important factor. The

parent’s background education and socioeconomic status helped with the achievement as well

as building the confidence levels of the students. Pinantoan is a part of InformED. This website,

TeachThoughtStaff is dedicated to building up teachers and explaining their values. I plan to use

these points that she made in my argument because she gives a little more than just academics

and studies. She hits on the family life and how having supportive two parent homes are

important, an argument I hadn’t thought of making yet.

Themenscente, director. Parental Involvement Documentary (Full Film). 27 May 2015,

This documentary, Parental Involvement Documentary (Full Film) was directed/uploaded by

Themenscente in May 2015. This is a short film about parent alienation. The film talks about

how the effects of not involving the other parent can be harmful to the child. They also discuss

how you should speak to your child and certain things you shouldn’t say. Lastly, they try to get

the audience to understand how to deal with this behavior. This may not seem like an obvious

choice to use for mt paper, but I plan to use it. I will use this as a backing for my argument that
in order to be involved in your child’s schooling, you need to be involved in their life. Having an

active support system is important and that cant happen if you’re alienating another parent.