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12/10/2018 PREPARED BY: MARK ANTHONY LUCERO 1

ABBREVIATIONS

FOC - Fiber Optic Cable PAT - Provisional Acceptance Test


ODN - Optical Distribution Network ATR - Acceptance Test Results
OLT - Optical Line Terminal PAC - Provisional Acceptance Certificate
ODF - Optical Distribution Frame FAT - Final Acceptance Test
LCP - Local Convergence Point FAC - Final Acceptance Certificate
NAP - Network Access Point PAN - Provisional Acceptance Notice
ONT - Optical Network Terminal FIMS - Fiber Management System
BOQ - Bill Of Quantity UAT - User’s Acceptance test
BOM - Bill Of Materials QAT - Quality Acceptance Test
RTA - Request To Attach HOA - Home Owners Association
OSP - Outside Plant ALOC - Adjacent Lot Owner Clearance
ROW - Right of Way OTDR - Optical Time Domain Reflectometer
OPM - Optical Power Meter POST CON. – Post Construction Permits
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Envision. Design. Resolve.
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OVERVIEW
FTTH (Fiber-To-The-Home) is a form of fiber-optic communication delivery that reaches one
living or working space. The fiber extends from the central office to the subscriber's living or
working space.

FTTH installations by FiberHome-Globe Team are for the delivery of data and voice. Optical
fiber links are installed up to the subscriber’s unit. Then signals are converted and delivered
using different forms for communication media such as coaxial cable, twisted pair or
Wireless

1490nm

1310nm

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1:4 1:8

AG OLT LCP NAP ONT

ACCESS FEEDER DISTRIBUTION SLI


(ODN)

Access Fiber Scope includes: ODN Scope includes: SLI Scope includes:
1. Access Fiber – reuse of build of new FOC from OLT 1. Cabinet Basepad (for outdoor) – including power 1. Drop Cables - termination of drop cable from NAP/
to aggregator or physical termination point (e.g. provisioning, conduits, etc. Splitters to FAT/ FTB.
DWDM site or AG wireless node) 2. ODF – termination panel for the FOC, intended to be 2. FAT/ FTB – installation of FAT/FTB inside the household
2. ODF – termination panel for the FOC, intended to co-located with the OLT 3. Indoor Optical Cables – termination of indoor cable
be co-located with OLT or AG 3. Feeder Cable – FOC cable from ODF to LCP (Local from FAT/ FTB to ONT.
Convergence Point) 4. ONT - Installation, provisioning and testing of CPE.
4. LCP/Splitters – FOC Enclosures including Splitters
5. Distribution Cable – FOC from LCP to NAP (Network
Access Point)
6. NAP/Splitters – FOC Enclosures including Splitters
(for Cascaded Splitting) and Connectors for Drop
Cable provision.

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AG OLT

ACCESS FEEDER SUB-FEEDER DISTRIBUTION SLI


(ODN)

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Voice/SIP Server

TOPOLOGY

Transport PON HDODF


port

Data/PPPOE/AAA Server
AN5116-06B OLT

POI
LCP NAP

1:4 1:8 ONT

Subscriber Side
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OLT

Optical Line Terminal

-The main function of OLT is to


control the information float across the ODN,
going both directions, while being located in a
central office. OLT has two float directions:
upstream and downstream.

CAPACITY : 16 CARD SLOTS


1 CARD : 16 PON PORTS

TOTAL CAPACITY : 256 PON PORTS

SIZE : 2200 X 600 X 600 (mm) 1-AN5116-06B OLT RACK

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OLT

HIGH DENSITY MEDIUM DENSITY MINI-OLT

CAPACITY : 16 CARD SLOTS CAPACITY : 6 CARD SLOTS CAPACITY : 2 CARD SLOTS


1 CARD : 16 PON PORTS 1 CARD : 16 PON PORTS 1 CARD : 16 PON PORTS
TOTAL CAPACITY : 256 PON PORTS TOTAL CAPACITY : 96 PON PORTS TOTAL CAPACITY : 32 PON PORTS

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GSOF Card Introduction

LED Meaning Color Status Description


ON The card is working normally.
Working Blinking
ACT Green The card is being initialized.
Indicator LED slowly
OFF The card is not powered.
ON The card has an urgent alarm
Alarm
ALM Red
indicator LED OFF The card is working normally.

The connection between this port and


ON the opposite end equipment has been
LNK1 Port status
to Green set up.
LNK16 indicator LED
This port is not connected with the
OFF
opposite end equipment.
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GSOF Card Introduction

LED Meaning Color Status Description


Port status Data is being received or
LNK1 to Blinking
indicator Green transmitted between this port and
LNK16 quickly
LED the opposite end equipment.

Interface Meaning Description


Provides GE optical / electrical interfaces for
connection with the remote end ONU.
GE optical / electrical
1 to 16 All the 16 optical interfaces support
interfaces
replacement of the GE optical / electrical
Modules.
D Debugging interface Reserved for FiberHome use.

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HU4A Card Introduction
HU4A Card Introduction

LED Meaning Color Status Description


ON The card is working normally.
Working Blinking
ACT Green The card is initializing.
indicator LED slowly
OFF The card is not powered.
The card fails to set up a communication link between
Alarm ON
ALM RED the active card and the standby card.
indicator LED
OFF The card is working normally.
The port is linked up with the higher layer equipment,
ON
for example, switches.
LNK1 to Port status Blinking The port is transmitting data to or receiving data from
Green
LNK4 indicator LED quickly the upper level equipment.
The port is not linked up with the higher layer
OFF
equipment.

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ODF

Optical Distribution Frame


- Is used for fiber termination of FOC
and patching .

CAPACITY : 20 PANELS
1 PANEL : 72 PORTS

TOTAL CAPACITY : 1440 PORTS

SIZE : 2200 X 900 X 300 (mm)

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ODF

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CLOSURE

144 Fiber Splicing Enclosure

Secure and protect the fiber


splicing point from outside environment.

CAPACITY : 6 TRAYS
1 TRAY : 24 SPLICING SLOTS
: 2 SPLITTER SLOTS

TOTAL CAPACITY : 144 SPLICING SLOTS


: 12 SPLITTER SLOTS

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CLOSURE

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NAP BOX

(Fiber Distribution Box)


-Contain the NAP splitters intended to
be distributed to subscribers. Can hold upto 2
micro splitters and 24 mechanical splicing
adapter

CAPACITY : 2 TRAYS
: 4 SPLITTER SLOTS
: 24 SPLICING SLOTS
: 24 ADAPTER SLOTS
: 16 DROP C. PORTS
: 1 PASS THRU. PORT
: 1 BRANCH PORT

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NAP BOX

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NAP BOX

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FIBER OPTIC CABLE
Attenuation is the reduction of light power over distance. Even with
the highly pure materials used to manufacture the fiber
core/cladding, light power is lost over distance by scattering and
absorption within the fiber. fiber attenuation limits the distance light
pulses can travel while still being detectable. Attenuation is
expressed in decibels per kilometer (dB/km) at a given wavelength or
range of wavelengths. The attenuation of glass optical fiber is caused
by two factors, absorption and scattering.

Dispersion is inversely related to bandwidth, which is the information


carrying capacity of a fiber. This can be broadly described as the amount of
distortion or spreading of a pulse during transmission. If pulses spread out
too far, the detection unit at the other end of the fiber is not able to
distinguish one pulse from another, causing loss of information. Chromatic
dispersion occurs in all fibers and is caused by the various light colors
(components of a light pulse) travelling at slightly differing speeds along
the fiber.

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SPLITTER

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SPLITTER

• Optical paths are buried inside the silica chip


• Exist from 1x4 to 1x32 split ratios and higher become available (dual input possible as well)
• Only symmetrical splitters available as standard devices
• Compact compared to FBT at higher split ratios (no cascading)
• Better IL and uniformity at higher wavelengths compared to FBT over all bands.
• Better for longer wavelength; broader spectrum

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CONNECTORS

SC/UPC SC/APC

ABBREVIATIONS
SC : STRAIGHT CONNECTOR
UPC: Ultra-polished Physical Contact
APC: Angled Physical Contact

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OTHER CONNECTOR TYPES

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FIBER OPTIC CABLE
MGFZY-72 12CORE/TUBE G.652D

TRADITIONAL FIBER OPTIC CABLE

Item Material Description


Outer sheath LSZH Thickness: 1.6 mm
Binder Polyster yarn Fix the core
O.D.: 1.9 mm, Colors of tubes: blue, orange
Loose tube PBTP ,green ,brown in clockwise direction is A.
Plaited comply with SZ method
Water block tape Water block tape/yarns Water Blocking & Moisture Proof
UV colored fiber in sequence of blue, orange,
Optical Fiber Silicon-based fiber (G.652D) green, brown, grey, white, red, black, yellow,
purple, pink, aqua
Central strength Member FRP O.D.: 2.0 mm
Cable O.D. Approx: 9.5 mm
Cable weight Approx: 90 kg/km

Serial No Item Requirement


1 Tensile Load(short term) 1500N
2 Crush resistance 1000N
3 Application Duct
4 Operation temperature -20℃ ~ +70℃

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FIBER OPTIC CABLE

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COLOR CODE

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SPLICE STORAGE AREA

LCP SPLICING
ILLUSTRATION

LOOP TRAY

LCP Splitter

Looped
• Input and output of the Unstripped buffer
LCP are fusion spliced Tube

Looped Fibers
SIGNAL SOURCE SIDE OUTPUT SIDE

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LCP SPLICING
SAMPLE

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NAP SPLICING
SPLICE STORAGE AREA
ILLUSTRATION

LOOP TRAY

Looped Fibers NAP Splitter

Looped
Unstripped buffer
Tube Connectorized
Output Fiber

INPUT SIDE OUTPUT SIDE

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NAP SPLICING
SAMPLE

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NAP PREPARATION
SAMPLE

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DROP FIBER GJYXFCH-1B

Item Material Description


Messenger Steel wire ( 1.2±0.1) mm

Outer sheath LSZH Colors of sheath: black


Strength member FRP (0.58±0.02)mm
Fiber Silicon-based fiber (G.657A2) UV fiber colored with: blue, orange
Cable O.D. 2.1*5.1mm
Cable weight 25kg/km

CABLE MAIN MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND APPLICATION


Serial No. Item Requirement
1 Allowable tensile strength (N)(short term) 600N
2 Allowable crush resistance (N) (short term) 1200N /10cm
3 Application Indoor cable
4 Operation temperature -20º C~ +60 º C

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ONT

Optical Network Terminal

-Converts optical signals transmitted via


fiber to electrical signals. ONT can send, aggregate
and groom different types of data coming from
customer and send it upstream to the OLT.

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ACCESS LINK
OLT-ODF LINK • OLT must have Ring Access Network
• For 1x10G (1 Tx & 1 Rx Fiber per Leg)
• For 2x10G (
• Uses Duplex LC/UPC – SC/UPC Patch Cord

PON LINK
• 1 PON Port = 1 LCP
• Uses SC/UPC – SC/APC Patch Cord

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FUSION SPLICING

Fusion splicing is based on the


creation of an electric arc between
two electrodes. In this arc two
cleaved fibers are brought together
where both ends melt one to the
other.

For splicers using core alignment,


align the light-guiding channel of
the fiber (9 micron core)
one to the other. These splicing
machines generate splices with
losses typically <0.05dB
FUSION ARC IN FUSION COMPLETED

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NETWORK DIAGRAM

Wavelength : Loss/Km
1310nm : 0.35dB/Km
1490nm : 0.30dB/Km
1550nm : 0.25dB/Km

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NAP Box

Fiber Clamp

House Bracket

OJB

FTB

Patch Cord

Closure

FOC

Fiber Clip ONU


Drop Cable

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NEW GUIDELINES:
• On corners and intersections, All poles
RTA should be applied for RTA. This is to
allow for the pull-offs and crossovers
incase pole erection will not be
allowed.
• In designing a NAP location, it should
not be adjacent to the electric pole
with transformers even with proposed
pole.

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WORK FLOW
Globe Project
Process Flow

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Thank you!