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Technical Information

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

supersedes EVP 001905 e, November 2005

Page 1 von 13

® = registered trademark of BASF Aktiengesellschaft, unless otherwise indicated

Neozapon ®

dyes

metal complex dyes for coatings, printing inks and special applications, free of extenders, with good solubility in alcohols, glycols, glycol ethers, esters and ketones, practically insoluble in water

Range

 

chemical nature

Colour Index

 

part 1

part 2

Neozapon ® Black X51

1:2 Cr

Solvent Black 27

Neozapon ® Black X55

1:2 Cr

Solvent Black 29

Neozapon ® Yellow 081

1:1 Cr

Solvent Yellow 79

Neozapon ® Yellow 141

1:1 Cr

Solvent Yellow 81

Neozapon ® Yellow 157

1:2 Cr

Solvent Yellow 82

Neozapon ® Orange 245

1:1 Cr

Solvent Orange 56

Neozapon ® Orange 251

1:2 Cr

Solvent Orange 54

Neozapon ® Orange 272

1:2 Cr

Solvent Orange 99

Neozapon ® Brown 322

1:2 Cr

Solvent Brown 42

Neozapon ® Red 335

1:2 Cr

Solvent Red 122

Neozapon ® Red 355

1:2 Cr, color salt

Solvent Red 119

Neozapon ® Red 365

1:2 Cr, color salt

Solvent Red 160

Neozapon ® Red 395

1:2 Cr

Solvent Red 122

Neozapon ® Red 471

1:2 Co

Solvent Red 118

Neozapon ® Pink 478

1:1 Cr, color salt

Solvent Red 127

Neozapon ® Blue 807

Cu phthalocyanine

Solvent Blue 70

Neozapon ® Green 975

Cu phthalocyanine + 1:1 Cr

Solvent Blue 70 + Solvent Yellow 79

 

Physical form

powder

Shelf life

According to our experience, Neozapon ® dyes can be stored for at least 10 years from the date of delivery when kept in their original, unopened packaging and under dry conditions. Like most organic compounds, however, they are combustible, a point to be consid- ered for storage. Also note that dyes in drums that have been opened and not resealed may absorb water from atmospheric humidity.

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

Solutions of Neozapon ® dyes stored in tinplate drums or galvanized containers may cause corrosion and undergo color changes. We recommend using coated drums or plastic containers.

Properties

Table 1 shows density, bulk volume and pH value while table 2 gives information on the solubility in various solvents. The pH value was determined on this solution:

 

0.25

g

dye

20

ml

ethanol 96 %

5

ml

pure water

Table 1:

density

bulk volume

pH

density, bulk volume, pH

g/cm³

l/kg

Neozapon ® Black X51

1.33

2.70

6.1

Neozapon ® Black X55

1.10

2.63

7.4

Neozapon ® Yellow 081

1.35

1.29

5.7

Neozapon ® Yellow 141

1.36

2.50

5.2

Neozapon ® Yellow 157

1.24

2.78

7.2

Neozapon ® Orange 245

1.38

2.14

5.3

Neozapon ® Orange 251

1.30

2.38

7.3

Neozapon ® Orange 272

1.16

6.71

6.8

Neozapon ® Brown 322

1.49

1.50

6.8

Neozapon ® Red 335

1.22

3.12

6.4

Neozapon ® Red 355

1.33

2.27

6.2

Neozapon ® Red 365

1.27

1.95

6.6

Neozapon ® Red 395

1.38

3.16

7.2

Neozapon ® Red 471

1.36

3.70

7.3

Neozapon ® Pink 478

1.31

2.00

5.2

Neozapon ® Blue 807

1.25

2.70

7.9

Neozapon ® Green 975

1.32

2.32

5.4

Solubility

Table 2 gives the amount of dye in grams which nearly completely dissolves in 1 liter of the relevant solvent. Following DIN ISO 757-9, the dye is added to the solvent in portions and the mixture is shaken at room temperature (22–25 °C [72–77 °F]) until a significant amount of dye remains undissolved. Neozapon ® dyes, unlike inor- ganic salts in water, do not form true solutions. Therefore, it is im- possible to give absolute solubility figures. The values determined can only serve as a guide, particularly since in practice, almost always solvent blends or binder solutions are used.

Neozapon ® dyes are technical-grade products which may contain small proportions of insoluble impurities. These can be removed by filtering or decanting the dye solution.

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

solvent blend 1 phenyl glycol butyl glycol dipropylene glycol cyclohexanone methyl isobutyl ketone acetone
solvent blend 1
phenyl glycol
butyl glycol
dipropylene glycol
cyclohexanone
methyl isobutyl ketone
acetone
methylethyl ketone
ethoxypropyl acetate
ethylglycol acetate
butyl acetate 85 % 2
methoxypropyl acetate
ethyl acetate
methanol
benzyl alcohol
Solvenon ® PM
ethoxy propanol
isopropanol
ethanol 96%
ethanol 99.5%
Table 2:
solubility
(g/l)
Black X51
<
10
<
10
<
10
150
> 500
100
<
30
<
10
<
10
<
10
<
10
<
10
400
400
100
> 500
400
200
250
< 30
Black X55
>
500 > 500
400
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
<
50
150
100
300
300
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
Yellow 081
>
500 > 500
400
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
<
10
<
10 > 500
<
10
<
10
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
400 > 500 > 500
Yellow 141
>
500
100 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
100
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
Yellow 157
>
500
80
<
10
> 500
100
> 500
400
<
30
<
50
100
<
30
<
30
200
300
<
30 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
Orange 245
>
500 > 500
400
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
350
Orange 251
>
500 > 500
<
10
> 500 > 500 > 500
400
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
300
250
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
300
Orange 272
>
500
100
150
> 500 > 500 > 500
60
50
100
100
100
50
> 500 > 500
250
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
Brown 322
<
10
<
30
<
10
> 500 > 500
350 > 500
<
10 > 500
<
10
400
<
10
> 500 > 500
100
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
100
Red 335
>
500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
250
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
400
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
Red 355
<
10
<
10
<
10
100
> 500 > 500
<
10
<
10
50
<
10
100
<
10
200
140
<
30 > 500
400 > 500 > 500
100
Red 365
>
500 > 500
<
10
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
<
10 > 500 > 500 > 500
<
10
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
Red 395
100
100
40
> 500 > 500 > 500
400
100 > 500
400
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
200
Red 471
200
200
<
10
> 500 > 500 > 500
400
<
10
80
<
10
150
<
10
> 500 > 500
<
50 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
Pink 478
200
200
<
10
< 10
400
> 500 > 500
<
10
<
10
<
10
<
10
<
10
< 10
< 10
<
10
400 > 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
Blue 807
100
<
10
200
400
> 500 > 500
<
10
200
100
400
100
200
> 500 > 500
400
> 500
<
10 > 500 > 500 > 500
Green 975
150
<
10
300
> 500 > 500 > 500
<
10
300
250 > 500
<
10
<
10
> 500 > 500 > 500 > 500
<
10 > 500 > 500 > 500

1 solvent blend: 60 parts ethanol, 30 parts toluene, 10 parts ethyl acetate

2 85 parts butyl acetate mixed with 15 parts n-butanol

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

Neozapon ® dyes dissolve very rapidly. Photometric measurements have shown that they dissolve at the same rate in alcohols, glycol ethers, esters, and ketones, regardless of their concentration and the stirrer speed (100–200 rpm). Even high-speed stirrers do not significantly increase the dissolving rate.

To ensure the dye dissolves as rapidly as possible, it must be thor- oughly wetted by the solvent and kept agitated in the stirring ves- sel. Lumps and sediments can be avoided by strewing the powder into the solvent while it is being stirred.

Adhesion (table 3)

Printing or coating aluminum foil requires good adhesion. The sim- plest way of determining this property is the adhesive tape pull-off test: A piece of adhesive tape of specified length and width is pressed to the printed or coated foil and then pulled off rapidly. The test is repeated a number of times and the mean value is de- termined. A poorly adhering film will be completely detached from the foil.

Adhesion depends on a number of factors. The main ones are the binder, its concentration and the solvents and plasticizers contain- ed in the binder system. The processing conditions, e. g., the dry- ing temperature and duration, are significant, too.

The aluminum foil itself can have a considerable influence on adhe- sion. The pores of the foil may absorb traces of the oil sprayed onto it during rolling. The oil, usually a mixture of high-boiling pe- troleum fractions, gradually migrates to the surface and can impair adhesion.

Aside from these general considerations, the chemical constitution and the concentration of the dye can affect the film’s adhesion.

Adhesion problems with colored binder systems for printing or coating aluminum foil can be considerably reduced by precoating the foil in a separate process with an uncolored binder such as cellulose nitrate or a VC copolymer. Uncolored films generally ad- here better to aluminum foil than colored films do, even if there is no direct interaction between the dye and the binder.

The Neozapon ® dyes were tested in a cellulose nitrate finish and in a finish based on a vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate copolymer modified with maleic acid and having the following composition:

20

parts VC-VAC copolymer

80

parts 80:20 blend of methylethyl ketone and ethyl acetate

In each case, the dye concentration was 5 % in terms of the amount of finish. The finishes were drawn down with a 24 µm spiral applicator.

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

Fastness properties of coatings

The fastness ratings give an indication of the performance of the Neozapon ® dyes. Note that they represent the properties of the coating system as a whole, they cannot be assumed to apply to the dye alone. Users of our dyes are advised to check fastness ratings by testing under plant conditions.

Fastness to overcoating (table 3)

Dyes may tend to bleed when oversprayed with a top coat con- taining a solvent they are soluble in. This is tested by overcoating with a white finish based on the same binder/solvent system as the colored coat, and assessing the coloration of the white coat. Tests were conducted on an alkyd-melamine coating. Finishes were baked for 30 minutes at 120 °C (248 °F), oversprayed with the white finish and baked for another 30 minutes at 180 °C (356 °F). Migration of the dye into the white film was assessed and is ex- pressed in ratings from 1 to 5:

rating

fastness

shade change or bleeding

1

poor

pronounced

2

moderate

significant

3

quite good

somewhat

4

good

a trace

5

very good

none

Heat stability (table 3)

The heat stability of a dye depends largely on the binder and the duration of the exposure to heat. Neozapon ® dyes are tested in an alkyd-melamine system with a dye concentration of 0.5 %. The finish was applied to an aluminum sheet, flashed off and baked for 30 minutes. A coating dried at 120 °C (248 °F) served as a com- parison. Different dye concentrations can lead to a higher or lower heat stability.

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

table 3:

adhesion to aluminum foil 3 2 min./130 °C, air-dried

 

fastness to

heat stability

adhesion, fastness to overcoating, heat stability

overcoating

[°C] 4

VC-VAC

cellulose

 

copolymer

nitrate

Neozapon ® Black X51

1

1

3–4

220

Neozapon ® Black X55

1

1

5

4

Neozapon ® Yellow 081

1

1

4

4

Neozapon ® Yellow 141

2

2

5

160

Neozapon ® Yellow 157

1

1

3–4

220

Neozapon ® Orange 245

2

2

4–5

140

Neozapon ® Orange 251

1

1

3

200

Neozapon ® Orange 272

1

2

4

160

Neozapon ® Brown 322

1

1

4

4

Neozapon ® Red 335

1

1

3

200

Neozapon ® Red 355

2

1

4

4

Neozapon ® Red 365

1

1

4

4

Neozapon ® Red 395

1

1

5

250

Neozapon ® Red 471

2

1

5

200

Neozapon ® Pink 478

2

1

4

4

Neozapon ® Blue 807

2

1

3

220

Neozapon ® Green 975

2

2

3–4

200

Fastness properties of printing inks

The fastness ratings give an indication of the performance of the Neozapon ® dyes. Note that they represent the properties of the printing ink as a whole, they cannot be assumed to apply to the dye alone. Users of our dyes are advised to check fastness ratings by testing under plant conditions.

The fastness ratings for the Neozapon ® dyes were determined in two different binder systems:

PVC copolymer combination of cellulose nitrate and a polymer plasticizer

The printing inks were applied to aluminum foil that had been primed with a PVC binder to a wet-film thickness of 24 µm.

See Guideline recipes below for the recipes.

The fastness properties were rated in accordance with ISO 105- A02 (assessment of change in shade) and ISO 105-A03 (assess- ment of bleeding).

3 1 = very good to good adhesion, 2 = quite good to moderate adhesion

4 Celsius to Fahrenheit conversion: 140 °C = 284 °F, 160 °C = 320 °F, 200 °C = 392 °F, 220 °C = 428 °F, 250 °C = 482 °F

5 not tested

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

Page 8 of 13

Neozapon ® dyes

NC light PVC NC sterilization PVC NC paraffin PVC NC curd cheese PVC NC oil
NC
light
PVC
NC
sterilization
PVC
NC
paraffin
PVC
NC
curd cheese
PVC
NC
oil
PVC
NC
butter
PVC
NC
lactic acid 10 %
PVC
NC
soap 1 %
PVC
NC
alkali 1 %
PVC
NC
water
PVC
table 4:
fastness properties
Neozapon ® Black X51
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
3–4
6
6
Neozapon ® Black X55
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4–5
5
5
5
5
5
5
3–4
2–3
6
6
Neozapon ® Yellow 081
4–5
4–5
5
5
4–5
5
5
4–5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
3–4
4
7
5
Neozapon ® Yellow 141
5
4–5
5
4–5
5
5
5
4
5
4–5
5
5
5
5
5
5
3
2
3–4
3–4
Neozapon ® Yellow 157
5
4–5
5
5
5
4–5
5
4–5
5
4
5
5
5
4–5
4
4
3
2
7
5–6
Neozapon ® Orange 245
4–5
4–5
5
5
4–5
5
5
4–5
5
4–5
5
5
5
4–5
5
5
4
3
7
5–6
Neozapon ® Orange 251
5
4–5
5
5
5
5
4–5
4–5
5
4
5
5
5
4–5
5
5
3
2
7
3–4
Neozapon ® Orange 272
5
5
5
5
5
4–5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
3
5–6
5
Neozapon ® Brown 322
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
3–4
3
7
3–4
Neozapon ® Red 335
5
4–5
5
5
4–5
4–5
4–5
4–5
4–5
3
5
5
5
4–5
5
5
3–4
2–3
6
3
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
Neozapon ® Red 355
4–5
5
4–5
4–5
2–3
5
4–5
5
4
2
Neozapon ® Red 365
5
4–5
4–5
4–5
4–5
5
4–5
4–5
4
2–3
5
5
5
4
5
5
3
2–3
4
2
Neozapon ® Red 395
5
4–5
5
5
4–5
4–5
4–5
4–5
4–5
2–3
5
5
5
4
5
5
3
2
5–6
3–4
Neozapon ® Red 471
4–5
5
3–4
5
4
5
4
5
4–5
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
2
4
5
4
5
Neozapon ® Pink 478
4
3–4
5
3
4–5
5
5
4
4–5
5
5
5
5
5
5
3–4
4
2
1
Neozapon ® Blue 807
5
5
4–5
5
3–4
4
4
4
2
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
5
6–7
6
Neozapon ® Green 975
4–5
4–5
4–5
5
3–4
5
4–5
5
2
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4–5
7
6–7

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

Page 10 of 13

Neozapon ® dyes

Application in coatings

The information below relates only to the general application of Neozapon ® dyes because binder systems and processing are of great influence. Trials under conditions used in practice should always be carried out.

Furniture stains

Air-drying coatings

Acid-curable coatings

The suitability of Neozapon ® dyes for solvent-based furniture stains depends on their solubility. For water-based stains we recommend our Basantol ® range and the Basantol ® U range for stains based on water/solvent mixes.

The suitability of Neozapon ® dyes for coatings based on binders soluble in alcohols or esters depends on their solubility.

Neozapon ® dyes except Neozapon ® Blue 807 are stable when dis- solved in a urea resin finish of the following composition:

 

75

parts

Plastopal ® BTB

 

8

parts

Plastopal ® EBS 100 B

 

17

parts

Solvenon ® PM

 

100

parts

+

0.5

parts

Neozapon ® dye

+

10

parts

hardener solution of this composition:

72

parts ethanol

28

parts concentrated hydrochloric acid

See table 3 for fastness information on furniture stains based on Neozapon ® dyes which are to be overcoated with an acid-curable finish.

Amine-curing coatings

Baking finishes

All Neozapon ® dyes are suitable for use in coatings based on Epikote ®7 and Laromin ® A 327 as the hardener component.

Heat stability tests have shown that nearly all Neozapon ® dyes are suitable for baking finishes cured at temperatures up to 160 °C (320 °F). However we recommend tests in the binder system and under application/drying conditions to be used.

In general, Neozapon ® dyes are not suitable for applications re- quiring temperatures above 220 °C (420 °F).

Polyurethane coatings

Cellulose nitrate finishes

The Neozapon ® dyes were tested in a finish based on Desmophen ®8 650 MPA and an aliphatic polyisocyanate as hard- ener. All dyes are suitable.

All Neozapon ® dyes are suitable.

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

Effect finishes

Combining Neozapon ® dyes with Paliocrom ® effect pigments, alu- minum or pearlescent pigments opens up a wide range of design possibilities. The main fields of application are coatings for plastics as well as motorcycles and bicycles. Note, however, that dyes generally have limited fastness to light and weathering. For appli- cations requiring resistance to weathering for 1 year or longer, we only recommend transparent pigments form the Paliogen ® , Heliogen ® and Sicotrans ® ranges.

Application in flexographic and gravure printing inks

Neozapon ® dyes are suitable for printing inks based on ethanol, esters and ketones. Dye concentrations of 5–10 % are recom- mended for printing packaging materials such as aluminum foil, cellophane, glassine etc.

Some of the fastness properties (e. g., to water) of inks containing polyamide resins are somewhat poorer than those of inks contain- ing cellulose nitrate.

Note that Neozapon ® Red 355 and Neozapon ® Red 365 contain rhodamine. Both dyes will tend to migrate through printed polyeth- ylene film.

In inks based on VC copolymers containing carboxyl groups, the dyes may sometimes cause the binder system to gel. Our tests have shown that this phenomenon exclusively occurs with 1:1 metal complex dyes. 1:2 metal complex dyes and soluble copper phthalocyanine dyes do not generally cause gelling. Gelling mainly depends on dye and binder concentration and the pH value. Gel- ling is distinctly accelerated at dye concentrations above 2 5, binder concentrations above 15 % and a pH value above 6.

Gelling, which involves the formation of dye/binder structures, is reversible and can be counteracted by the addition of organic ac- ids such as tartaric acid.

Guideline recipes

cellulose nitrate/polymer plasticizer

5

parts

dye

95

parts

binder of this composition

 

18

parts cellulose nitrate A400 isopropanol moist

6

parts Acronal ® 4 F

20

parts ethyl acetate

51

parts ethanol

5

parts Solvenon ® PM

EVP 001905 e, April 2006

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Neozapon ® dyes

VC copolymer

5

parts

dye

95

parts

binder of this composition

 

12

parts UCAR™ 9 VMCH

44

parts ethyl acetate

4

parts methylethyl ketone

Application in Specialty Industries

We particularly recommend these dyes:

Neozapon ® Yellow 157

Ballpoint ink pastes

Felt- and fiber tip pens

Neozapon ® Red 355

Neozapon ® Red 365

Neozapon ® Blue 807

Neozapon ® Black X51

Neozapon ® Black X55

Because of their solubility in phenyl glycol and benzyl alcohol, the dyes listed above are suitable for ballpoint ink pastes, both as a sole dye and for tinting.

All dyes from the Neozapon ® range are suitable for alcohol-based inks (permanent markers, OHP markers etc.). The relatively neutral pH of the Neozapon ® dyes considerably reduces the risk of corro- sion of aluminum pen bodies. The possible corrosion effect of the resin component should be considered.

Combination with Basonyl ® dyes is possible. However, we recom- mend preliminary trials to determine optimum compatibility and stability.

Ink-jet inks

Neozapon ® dyes are suitable to formulate solvent inks based on alcohol or methylethyl ketone, e. g., for the continuous jet process in industrial ink-jet.

Due to their solubility, Neozapon ® Red 365 and Neozapon ® Black X55 are particularly suitable. Storage tests lasting several months and at low temperatures have shown, that, e. g., Neozapon ® Black X55 shows very good stability in inks based on ethanol as well as in those based on methylethyl ketone. This stability was unaffected by the binders such as cellulose nitrate, acidic or neutral (ketone) resins.

Marking of security papers

Neozapon ® dyes can be used to mark papers.

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Neozapon ® dyes

Special applications

Neozapon ® Red 335 and Neozapon ® Red 355 are suitable for col- oring masking films used in the graphics industry.

The metal ions of metal complex dyes are firmly bound into the dye molecule and are usually not released by 0.07 mol hydrochloric acid. More information on the suitability of Neozapon ® dyes for coloring children’s toys (European Standard 71, part 3) can be taken from the Technical Information bulletin Directives and regula- tions on the use of colorants in food-contact applications and toys and the brochure Pigments, pigment preparations, soluble dyes, binders, crosslinkers, light stabilizers, process chemicals for coat- ings, plastics coloration and stabilizing, graphic arts and specialty industries. Both documents are available from our sales force or from the Internet.

Safety

When handling these products, advice and information given in the safety data sheet must be complied with. Further, protective and workplace hygiene measures adequate for handling chemicals must be observed.

Note

The data contained in this publication are based on our current knowledge and experience. In view of the many factors that may affect processing and application of our product, these data do not relieve processors from carrying out their own investigations and tests; neither do these data imply any guarantee of certain proper- ties, nor the suitability of the product for a specific purpose. Any descriptions, drawings, photographs, data, proportions, weights, etc. given herein may change without prior information and do not constitute the agreed contractual quality of the product. It is the responsibility of the recipient of our products to ensure that any proprietary rights and existing laws and legislation are observed.

20060421_evp001905_e_gls_ti_neozapon_range.doc / EVP 001905-0604 E

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