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DESIGN CALCULATION

FOR
SKYLIGHT STEEL SUPPORTING
STRUCTURE
INDEX
SKYLIGHT STEEL SUPPORTING STRUCTURE
1. INTRODUCTION
2. GEOMETRY
3. MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION
4. DESIGN CODES AND REFERENCE
5. GENERAL ARRANGEMENT
6. LOADING ON SUPPORTING STRUCTURE
7. DESIGN OF STEEL SUPPORT STRUCTURE
8. CONNECTION DESIGN
9. CONCLUSION

DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE SKYLIGHT STEEL SUPPORTING STRUCTURE

1. INTRODUCTION
This report covers the structural design of the Skylight steel supporting structure.
The structural consists of a supporting structure as per the attached drawing with the
dimensions as shown. The structure consists of Steel SHS & RHS as per the design
requirements.

Skylight Steel supporting structures are analyzed and designed with the STAAD software as
per BS5950. It is shown that all the structural members are adequately sized to carry the
expected loads within the elastic domain of stresses and deflections within the serviceability
criteria laid down by the British and relevant local stipulations.

2. GEOMETRY (USED FOR CALCULATIONS PURPOSE)


Width of Steel Support Structure: 4000mm
Length of Steel Support Structure: 8400mm
Height of Steel Support Structure: 3350mm

3. MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION

Materials used as per the specifications.

Top Main Truss Structure Beam – SHS 60X60X5mm thick

Secondary Horizontal Beams – RHS 120X60X5mm thick

Columns – UC 152X152X30 Kg/m

All bolts used for main connections shall be grade 8.8 or high yield.

4. DESIGN CODES USED


In general, the design is carried out as per the following codes and standards.
a. BS 5950 Part1 - Structural Steel Design

b. Wind loads area as per BS 6399 Part2, 1997

5. GENERAL ARRANGEMENT

As per the shop drawings

6. LOADING ON THE SUPPORTING STRUCTURE


a. DEAD LOAD
Dead Load – Self weight is considered by the program,

Calculation of Dead Loads:

Glass load at roof – 0.50 KN/m2


Total Dead Load = 1.0 KN/m2

Live load – 1.0 KN/m2

The structure is located at a maximum height of 20m.

Wind loads (WL) calculated as per BS6399 Part-2 1997,

Dynamic Pressure,

qs = 0.613 X Ve2

Ve = Vs X Sb

Vs = Vb X Sa X Sd X Ss X Sp

The structure is located at a height of approximately 20m.

Basic wind speed assumed as 45 m/s.

Gust peak factor = 1.77 – Table 24 (see attached)

Basic Wind speed Vb = 45 / 1.77 = 25.42 m/s

Basic wind speed Vb = 25.42 m/sec

Where,

Altitude factor, Sa = 1.0

Directional factor, Sd = 1.0

Seasonal factor, Ss = 1.0

Probability factor, Sp = 1.0

Vs = 25.42 X 1.0 X 1.0 X 1.0 X 1.0 = 25.42 m/s

Sb = Terrain & Building factor = 1.89 (Assuming that the site is in Country, extending > 2 Km
upwind from the site and closet distance to sea upwind is 10 KM with an effective height as
20m) – Table 4 (see attached)

Ve = 25.42 X 1.89

Ve = 48.04 m/sec

Wind pressure qs = 0.613 X Ve2


Wind pressure q = 0.613 x (48.04)2

Wind pressure q = 1415 N/m2 or 1.415 KN/m2

The maximum and minimum pressure co-efficients are,

Cp = +0.7, and -1.0,

Net wind uplift Pressure = Cp X q

Net wind uplift Pressure = 0.7 X 1.415 = 0.990 KN/m 2

Net wind Pressure = Cp X q

Net wind Pressure q = -1.0 x 1.415 = -1.415 KN/m 2

The maximum pressure co-efficients on the front face of the glass,

Cp = +0.8

Net wind uplift Pressure = Cp X q

Net wind uplift Pressure = 0.8 X 1.415 = 1.132 KN/m 2

Load Combinations

Design & Ultimate factors are considered.

As per BS standard,

UL = 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL

UL = 1.2 DL + 1.2 LL + 1.2 WL

UL = 1.0 DL + 1.4 WL (Upward)

UL = 1.4 DL + 1.4 WL (Downward)

UL = 1.0 DL + 0.80 WL – For Deflection check

The Dead, Live and Wind loads are applied on the structure as uniformly distributed loads on
the Steel Support structure.

7. DESIGN OF STEEL SUPPORT STRUCTURE

The roof structures are placed at maximum span as per the shop drawings whereas the Main
beam is also considered with all loadings on the structure.
Loads are calculated on the spacing between the structures which are as follows:

Dead Loads:

a) Self Weight to be checked from the program

b) Dead load is calculated as 1.0 X 1.0 = 1.0 KN/m

Live Loads – 1.0 X 1.0 = 1.0 KN/m

Wind Loads:

Downward wind load = 1.415 X 1.0 = 1.415 KN/m

Upward wind load = 0.990 X 1.0 = 1.0 KN/m

Front wind ward load = 1.132 X 1.0 = 1.132 KN/m

To check the roof structure against all the above loading combination and to be on factor of
safety (see attached calculations made by the structural program STAADPRO).

Hence, the output is attached here with calculations to provide that the sections used in the
steel support structure are safe and stable.

8. CONNECTION DESIGN

Using software, the connection design calculations is being carried out taking the maximum
reactions obtained from the above calculations as per BS 5950.

Design of Base Plate and Anchor bolts from HILTI SOFTWARE:

Design of Connection with bolts – 16mm Diameter between Connecting Members:

Maximum Shear Force acting = 50KN

The bolts are designed to resist the maximum shear force acting on the member.

The 16mm dia bolts are used 2-Nos or as shown in the drawings with 6mm thick plates as
shown in the detail connections.

Using 2-16mm dia bolt,

Shear capacity of each bolt = 0.40 X 0.785 X 256 X 375/1000 = 30 KN


Hence, 2 numbers of 16mm dia bolt will resist a maximum load of 60 KN which is more than
the required force.

Check for Weld between Main Member and Truss Members:

Maximum Axial Force = 86KN

Allowable Shear Stress in Weld = 220 N/mm2

Assuming 4mm thick weld,

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 0.707 X 4 X 220 = 622N

Strength of Weld per cm length of Weld = 0.622 KN

Total Strength of the Welded Length = Length X Strength of Weld per mm

Referring to drawing,

The length of weld available as per the shop drawings = 4 X (50) = 200 mm

Hence, the Total Strength of the Welded Length = 0.622 X 200 = 124.4 KN

The Maximum Axial force acting on the same position is less than the Strength of Weld at
that position which is safe.

9. CONCLUSION

All sections used and provided are structurally sufficient and meet its intended purpose.