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GUBAT,

SORSOGON

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Mangrove Resources
The total number of major mangrove species in the municipality of Gubat was
7: Sonneratia alba (Pagatpat), Sonneratia ovata (Pagatpat), Avicennia marina (Piyapi),
Rhizophora apiculata (Bakawan lalaki), Rhizophora mucronata (Bakawan babae),
Rhizophora stylosa (Bakawan bato), Aegiceras corniculatum (Saging-saging). There was
one mangrove associate: Nypa fruticans (Nipa). Rizal had the highest number of
species (8) followed by Bagacay (5), Panganiban (4), and Pinontingan (2) (Tables 1
and 2). Bagacay had the highest total basal area of all mangroves species per hectare
(2.19 m2/ha) followed by Rizal (1.61 m2/ha), Panganiban (1.54 m2/ha), and
Pinontingan (0.02 m2/ha) (Figure 1).

Table 1. Number of mangrove species in 4 Barangays of Gubat, Sorsogon.

Barangay No. of major No. of


mangrove mangrove
species associate
Rizal 7 1
Bagacay 5 0
Panganiban 4 0
Pinontingan 2 0

Table 2. List of mangrove species present in barangays surveyed in Gubat,


Sorsogon.

Sites

Rizal Bagacay Panganiban Pinontingan

Avicennia marina

Sonneratia alba

Sonneratia ovata

Rhizophora apiculata

Rhizophora mucronata

Rhizophora stylosa

Aegiceras corniculatum

Nypa fruticans

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Figure 1. Total basal area per hectare of all species in 4
barangays of Gubat, Sorsogon

A. RIZAL
The mangroves in barangay Rizal (N12º53.633' E124º08.369') were a
combination of fringing and basin type growing on muddy and sandy
substrate. The substrate became muddier the farther away from the sea.
There were 7 major mangrove species and 1 mangrove associate. Avicennia
marina had the highest average number of individuals per hectare (1800)
followed by Rhizophora apiculata (1000), Rhizophora mucronata (600),
Sonneratia alba (175), Aegiceras corniculatum (50), Sonneratia ovata (25) and
Rhizophora stylosa (25) (Figure 2). A. marina had the highest average basal
area per hectare (0.95) followed by R. apiculata (0.33 m2/ha), S. alba (0.19
m2/ha), R. mucronata (0.12 m2/ha), S. ovata (0.02 m2/ha), R. stylosa (0.004
m2/ha) m2/ha and A. corniculatum (0.003 m2/ha) (Figure 3). The average
number of mature trees, saplings and seedlings per hectare were 3675, 225
and 1575 respectively (Figure 4). The saplings consisted of A. marina, S.
alba and A. corniculatum while the seedlings consisted of A. marina, R.
apiculata, R. mucronata, and N. fruticans.

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Figure 2. Mangrove tree density per hectare in Barangay
Rizal.

Figure 3. The basal area of mangrove species per hectare


in Barangay Rizal

Figure 4. The age-class structure of mangroves per


hectare in Barangay Rizal.

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B. BAGACAY
The fringing mangroves in barangay Bagacay (N12º53.605'
E124º08.365') grew on sandy substrate. There were 5 mangrove species.
Avicennia marina had the highest average number of individuals per
hectare (3325) followed by Sonneratia alba (600), Rhizophora mucronata (275),
Rhizophora apiculata (100) and Aegiceras corniculatum (75) (Figure 5). A.
marina (1.68 m2/ha) had the highest average basal area per hectare
followed by S. alba (0.46 m2/ha), R. mucronata (0.03 m2/ha), R. apiculata (0.02
m2/ha) (Figure 6). The average number of mature trees, saplings and
seedlings per hectare were 4375, 90 and 50 respectively (Figure 7). The
saplings and seedlings consisted of A. marina and R. mucronata. There were
houses near the mangrove area. We saw mangrove branches being dried
near the houses.

Figure 5. Mangrove tree density per hectare in Barangay Bagacay

Figure 6. The basal area per hectare of mangrove species in Barangay Bagacay

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Figure 7. The age-class structure of mangroves per hectare in Barangay Bagacay

C. PANGANIBAN

The fringing mangroves in barangay Panganiban (N12º54.841' E124º07.517')


grew on sandy substrate. There were 4 mangrove species. Rhizophora mucronata
(1325) had the highest average number of trees per hectare followed by Avicennia
marina (1275), Sonneratia alba (125) and Rhizophora apiculata (125) (Figure 8). A. marina
(1.10 m2/ha) had the highest average basal area per hectare followed by R. mucronata
(0.35), S. alba (0.05 m2/ha), and R. apiculata (0.04 m2/ha) (Figure 9). The average
number of mature trees and seedlings per hectare were 2850 and 521 respectively.
The A. marina and R. mucronata were relatively old. The seedlings consisted of A.
marina (145) and R. mucronata (375) (Figure 10). We saw someone cutting an A.
marina tree but left the fallen tree when we approached. There were a lot of houses
near the mangrove area.

Figure 8. Mangrove tree density per hectare in Barangay Panganiban.

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Figure 9. The basal area of mangrove species per hectare in Barangay
Panganiban.

Figure 10. The age-class structure of mangroves per hectare in Barangay


Panganiban.

D. PINONTINGAN

The fringing mangroves in barangay Pinontingan (N12º54.839' E124º07.510')


grew on sandy substrate. There were 2 mangrove species. The average number of
trees per hectare of Avicennia marina and Rhizophora mucronata were 1800 and 150
respectively (Figure 11). The average basal area per hectare of A. marina and R.
mucronata were 0.02 m2/ha and 0.0004 m2/ha respectively (Figure 12). The A. marina
trees were relatively old, tall and were spaced widely so there were only a few trees
within the 100m2 sampling plot. The average number of mature trees and seedlings
per hectare were 1950 and 350 respectively. The seedlings consisted of 100 A. marina
and 250 R. mucronata (Figure 13). We saw 3 uprooted A. marina trees. The shallow
sandy substrate probably made it hard for the roots of A. marina to anchor and
support the weight of the tree.

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Figure 11. Mangrove tree density per hectare in Barangay Pinontingan.

Figure 13.The basal area per hectare of mangrove species in Barangay Pinontingan

Figure 12. Age class structure of mangroves per hectare in Barangay Pinontingan.

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SEAGRASS AND SEAWEED RESOURCES

Five seagrass meadows located in Bagacay, Tiris, Cogon, Pinontingan and


Rizal were visited in Gubat, Sorsogon for seagrass assessment (Appendix 1). The
extent of intertidal seagrass meadows in Gubat ranged from relatively small to large
areas, 2.8-121 hectares, mostly located next to mangrove stands away from houses
and other man-made structure (Table 3). Seagrass cover was 50% and above in 4
sites except for Pinontingan which had seagrass cover of 40% (Figure 14). A total of
8 seagrass species were seen, namely, Halophila ovalis, Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia
hemprichii, Syringodium isoetifolium, Halodule uninervis, H. pinifolia, Cymodocea
rotundata, and C. serrulata (Table 4). Meadows harboured a mix of 4-8 seagrass
species. Seaweeds associated with seagrass were none to moderate and contributed
0 to 19% of the vegetative cover within the seagrass bed (Figure 5). A total 12 of
seaweed genera were noted, namely, Caulerpa, Halimeda, Ulva, Neomeris, Valonia,
Acetabularia, Codium, Chaetomorpha, Sargassum, Padina, Galaxaura and Garcillaria
(Table 5).

A. BAGACAY

The seagrass meadow in barangay Bagacay was located a distance away from
the houses beside the mangrove area. It was surveyed at high tide so water level
was quite deep at 1.3m (Table 3). With the high water depth and poor water
visibility the trainees had difficulty doing the survey especially since most of them
did not know how to swim.

Seagrass was first observed around 25-50m from the mangrove stand growing
on substrate of sand with silt, coral rubble and rock (Table 3). The total area of this
seagrass bed was 3 hectares (Table 3). Seven (7) seagrass species were seen namely,
Halophila ovalis, Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia hemprichii, Syringodium isoetifolium,
Halodule pinifolia, Cymodocea rotundata, and C. serrulata (Table 4). Total seagrass cover
was 50% dominated by Enhalus acoroides (20%) followed by Thalassia hemprichii (16%)
while the remaining species contributed 1 to 5% to the total cover (Figure 15). A
total of 11 seaweed genera were seen in Bagacay, the highest among the 5 sites,
namely, Caulerpa, Halimeda, Ulva, Neomeris, Valonia, Acetabularia, Codium, Sargassum,
Padina, Galaxaura and Garcillaria (Table 5) contributing 19% to the cover (Figure 15).

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B. TIRIS

The extensive intertidal seagrass bed of barangay Tiris covering 14.9 hectares
was located beside an extensive mangrove area. Seagrass cover was 53% and
Thalassia hemprichii was the dominant species in the meadow (Figure 16). Seven (7)
seagrass species were seen in this area, namely, Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia hemprichii,
Syringodium isoetifolium (seen outside transect), Halodule pinifolia, Cymodocea
rotundata, and C. serrulata (Table 4). The seagrass percent cover and number of
species could probably be higher if additional transects on middle part of the bed
were taken. Seagrass extent covering the reef flat was estimated to be 1 km from start
of seagrass incidence beside mangrove area to the reef crest. Only 4 seaweed genera
were seen: Halimeda, Ulva, Padina and Gracillaria covering 2% of the bottom (Table 5,
Figure 14). Many fishers using nets and gleaners were observed on the deeper part
of the seagrass bed and beyond the reef crest.

C. COGON

The seagrass meadow in barangay Cogon was the largest of the 5 sites that
were surveyed in Gubat, covering 121 hectares. Transects were laid within the river
mouth. Seagrass grew right next to the mangroves found along the shore. The
intertidal seagrass bed stood on sandy-muddy substrate (Table 3). Of the 5 sites that
were visited, seagrass cover was highest in barangay Cogon at 70% with Enhalus
acoroides (28%) as the dominant species, followed by Thalassia hemprichii (26%)
(Figure 17). Six (6) seagrass species were seen namely, Halophila ovalis, Enhalus
acoroides, Thalassia hemprichii, Halodule uninervis, H. pinifolia and Cymodocea rotundata
(Table 4). No seaweeds were seen in the observed quadrats. A lot of gleaners were
seen in the seagrass area at low tide.

D. PINONTINGAN

The intertidal seagrass meadow of Pinontingan was bounded on the right side
by mangroves and the pier on the left side. Along the sandy beach were houses and
a concrete wall while on the deep end beside the mangroves, 2 units of fish corral
were installed. Fishers and gleaners were seen on the seagrass bed. A lot of dalo-dalo
shells were seen on the seagrass bed which locals report were harvested and eaten

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once they reach a certain size. The seagrass bed was the smallest covering only 2.8
hectares. Seagrass cover was patchy and sparse, the lowest among the 5 sites that
were assessed, at 40% (Figure 18). There were only 4 seagrass species seen namely
Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia hemprichii, Halodule pinifolia and Cymodocea rotundata
(Table 4). Thalassia hemprichii was the dominant species (Figure 18). Seaweed cover
was low at 3% composed of only 3 genera (Ulva, Valonia and Chaetomorpha) (Figure
14, Table 5).

E. RIZAL

The intertidal seagrass meadow of barangay Rizal was located right next to an
extensive mangrove stand. This site which covered 46.7 hectares was the second
largest seagrass meadow in the municipality among the 5 sites that were assessed
(Figure 14, Table 3). It also harbored 8 seagrass species, the most diverse among the
5 sites: Halophila ovalis, Enhalus acoroides, Thalassia hemprichii, Syringodium isoetifolium,
Halodule uninervis, H. pinifolia, Cymodocea rotundata, and C. serrulata (Table 4).
Seagrass cover was high at 60% (Figure 16) and the dominant species of the meadow
were Cymodocea rotundata (22%) and Thalassia hemprichii (20%). Seaweed (Caulerpa,
Halimeda and Gracillaria) only contributed 1% to the bottom cover (Table 5, Figure
14). Invertebrates that were seen include sea hare (large shell-less mollusks), brittle
star, top shell (Trochus), sea urchin, and spotted worm sea cucumber (Synapta
maculata). Fruits of the seagrass Thalassia hemprichii were also seen. This seagrass
bed had a lot of fishers (using nets) and gleaners during low tide. It was also
observed that a lot of garbage was seen within the mangroves even though there
were no houses nearby.

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Table 3. Summary of characteristics and attributes of seagrass sampling sites in Gubat, Sorsogon.

Mean Tide Distance of Associated


Total
Substrate Meadow depth level seagrass Dominant habitat &
SITE area Observations
type Zone (m) from shore species other
(has)
(est.) structures
Bagacay 3 sand-silt- Intertidal 1.3 High ~25-50m Enhalus Mangrove; no Poor water visibility; silty; epiphytes and
coral from acoroides & houses & other foraminiferans on seagrass blades;
rubble- mangrove Thalassia structures Caulerpa noted outside transect;
rock hemprichii spirobranchs, tunicates & sponges
Tiris 14.9 sand-mud- Intertidal 0.3 Low 0-10m Thalassia Mangrove; no Extensive seagrass bed (estimated 1km
rock-silt beside hemprichii houses & other from mangrove to reef crest); many
mangrove structures fishers (net) & gleaners; Syringodium
isoetifolium observed outside transect;
brittle stars, sponge, fishes
Cogon 121 sand-mud Intertidal 0.4 Low 0m right Enhalus Mangrove; no Poor water visibility; muddy; extensive
beside acoroides & houses & other seagrass meadow continuous with the
mangrove Thalassia structures adjoining barangays; foraminiferans,
hemprichii sponge; lots of gleaners at low tide
Pinontingan 2.8 sand-rock- Intertidal 0.1 Low ~20m Cymodocea Sandy beach; Small and patchy seagrass area; lots of
coral rotundata houses; dalo-dalo shells - small black shells which
rubble mangrove; sea local harvest and eat when bigger in size;
wall; pier; fishers seen at deeper end of seagrass
baklad (2 units) bed
Rizal 46.7 sand-silt- Intertidal 0.3 Low 0-2m right Cymodocea Mangrove; no Extensive seagrass bed; fruits of Thalassia
rock beside rotundata & houses & other hemprichii seen; epiphytes and
mangrove Thalassia structures foraminiferans on seagrass blades; many
hemprichii sea hare (large shell-less mollusks);
brittle star, top shell (Trochus sp.), sea
urchin, spotted worm sea cucumber
(Synapta maculata); many fishers (net) &
gleaners at low tide; lots of trash (plastic)
seen in mangrove area

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Table 4. Seagrass species observed in the sampling sites of Gubat, Sorsogon.
Number Hydrocharitaceae Cymodoceaceae
of
Site
seagrass Halophila Enhalus Thalassia Syringodium Halodule Halodule Cymodocea Cymodocea
species ovalis acoroides hemprichii isoetifolium uninervis pinifolia rotundata serrulata
Bagacay 7 X X X X X X X
Tiris 7* X X X X* X X X
Cogon 6 X X X X X X
Pinontingan 4 X X X X
Rizal 8 X X X X X X X X
Note: *Syringodium isoetifolium seen outside transect

Table 5. Seaweed genera observed in the sampling sites of Gubat, Sorsogon. Legend: CAUL- Caulerpa; HALI- Halimeda; ULVA- Ulva; NEO-
Neomeris; VAL- Valonia; ACET- Acetabularia; COD- Codium; CHAE- Chaetomorpha; SARG- Sargassum; PADI- Padina; GALX- Galaxaura; GRAC- Gracillaria.
Number of BROWN
GREEN ALGAE RED ALGAE
Site seaweed ALGAE
genera CAUL HALI ULVA NEO VAL ACET COD CHAE SARG PADI GALX GRAC
Bagacay 11 X X X X X X X X X X X
Tiris 4 X X X X
Cogon 0
Pinontingan 3 X X X
Rizal 3 X X X

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100
Total seagrass cover
90
Total seaweed cover
80
Percent cover (%)

70
60
50
40
70
30 60
50 19 53
20 40
10 2 0 3 1
0
BAGACAY TIRIS COGON PINONTINGAN RIZAL

Figure 14. . Seagrass and seaweed cover of the sites sampled in the
municipality of Gubat, Sorsogon.

40
35 Mean seagrass cover=50%
Mean Percent Cover (%)

30
25
20
20 16
15
10
5
5 3 3 2
1
0
Enhalus Thalassia Cymodocea Cymodocea Syringodium Halodule Halophila
acoroides hemprichii serrulata rotundata isoetifolium pinifolia ovalis

Figure 15. Seagrass cover of barangay Bagacay, Gubat, Sorsogon.

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40
35 Mean seagrass cover=53%
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Mean Percent Cover (%)


30
25
20
15 13
10
5 3
5
0.2 1
0
Enhalus Thalassia Cymodocea Cymodocea Halodule Halophila
acoroides hemprichii serrulata rotundata pinifolia ovalis

Figure 16. . Seagrass cover of barangay Tiris, Gubat, Sorsogon.

40
35 Mean seagrass cover=70%
Mean Percent Cover (%)

30 28
26
25
20
15
10 8
6
5 1 1
0
Enhalus Thalassia Cymodocea Halodule Halodule Halophila
acoroides hemprichii rotundata uninervis pinifolia ovalis

Figure 17.Seagrass cover of barangay Cogon, Gubat, Sorsogon.

40.0
35
35.0
Mean seagrass cover=40%
30.0
Mean Percent Cover (%)

25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
4
0.2 1
0.0
Enhalus Thalassia Cymodocea Halodule
acoroides hemprichii rotundata pinifolia
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Figure 18. Seagrass cover of barangay Pinontingan, Gubat, Sorsogon.
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Mean seagrass cover=60%
35
30
Mean Percent Cover (%)

25 22
20
20
15
10
10
5 4 2
1 0.4 1
0
Enhalus Thalassia Cymodocea Cymodocea Syringodium Halodule Halodule Halophila
acoroides hemprichii serrulata rotundata isoetifolium uninervis pinifolia ovalis

Figure 19.Seagrass cover of barangay Rizal, Gubat, Sorsogon.

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COASTAL FISHERIES RESOURCES

Gear Technology and Fishing Grounds

Variants of hook and line, gill nets, traps and spear were used by fishers in
Gubat. The top three gears with the highest user (Figure 20) have a considerably low
CPUE (kg/fisher/hour), with higher catches during the peak season. Palubog, a variant of
net which have a length of 1000 m and a height of 2 to 3 m, appeared to have the
highest CPUE during the peak season followed by spear which had the highest
estimated number of users . Among the three gears with the most number of fishers,
spear was more common in barangays included in this survey. Table 6 shows the
summary of gears present in barangays assessed including the dominant catches per
gear. Gear inventory and CPUE for all gears in the barangay can be found in
Appendix 2 and 3, respectively.

2
1.8
Lean
1.6
Average
CPUE (kg/fisher/hour)

1.4
Peak
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
Ilaw (180) Palubog(215) Pana(294)

Figure 20. Average catch per unit effort (kg/fisher/hour) of the gears with the highest
estimated number of users in Gubat. Sorsogon.

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Table 6. Summary of fishing gears per barangay in Gubat, Sorsogon.

Number of fishers CPUE


Number Catch
Barangay Dominant gears (kg/fisher/trip
Full- Part- of users composition
Total )
time time
Bottom-set gillnet 30 2 Trevally
Pinontingan 81 31 50 Trap 20 2.5 Rabbit fish
Surface-set long line 15 5 Tuna
Drift gillnet 60 2.5 Sardines
Ariman 280 200 80 Surface-set long line 12 Marlin
Trap 3 1.5 Squid
Push net 250 300 pcs. Crablets
Cogon 470 0 470 Scoop net 30 1 Prawns
Fish corral 25 2 Assorted
Spear 150 0.5 Octopus
Paco 236 79 157 Scoop net 150 0.2 Assorted
Push net 80 1 Assorted
Bottom-set gillnet 200 1 Rabbit fish
Bagacay 800 300 500 Spear 100 0.5 Assorted
Multiple hook and line 20 4 Grouper
Push net 150 1 Crablets
Hook and line(single &
Ogao 255 55 200 40 2.3 Trevally
multiple)
Spear 20 0.5 Surgeon fish
squids and
Spear 15 5
Balud Sur 150 50 100 octopus
Surface-set long line 10 2.5 Tuna

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Bottom-set gillnet 3 1.3 Rabbit fish
Bottom-set gillnet 45 0.3 Rabbit fish
Drift gillnet 25 0.3 Squid
Rizal 900 300 600
Hook and line (single and
30 1.3 Tuna
multiple)

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Fishers were confined to the waters less than 10 km away from the shore
(Figure 21) to avoid strong waves from the Pacific Ocean. Most of the gears operate in
coral reef areas while some banwit users venture into the deeper seas. Fish traps, spear
and fish corral operate nearshore before the reef area.

Figure 21. Gear map of Gubat, Sorsogon.

Catch composition, Catch Trends and Seasonal Calendar


Dominant catch in Gubat was comprised of rabbitfish, trevally, tuna and squid
(Table 6). A more detailed catch composition per gear was also available (Appendix 2).

There was a general decline in spearfishing (Figure 22). The decline started after
the 1980s associated with the development of gears available for the fishers. Before

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1980s, simple gears were used by Gubat fishers but as time goes by, hook and line and
gill net were introduced.

16

14

12 Pinontingan-Ariman
10 Paco
Catch (kg)

0
1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Present

Figure 22.Catch trendlines for spearfishing in Gubat, Sorsogon.

For some gears, catches were high during the amihan season which was
experienced by the fishers starting September and ends in March. Among the gears
with high catches during this period include fish corrals and single ply nets. On the
other hand, habagat period starts from March to August. Gears with high catches
during habagat include 3 ply nets, spear and hook and line variants. Lobster season
occurs from September to December while crab season begins in October and also ends
in December. Harvest season in farms occur twice a year during March and October
while harvest of other crops occur for four consecutive months starting in May and
ends in August. Some of the fishers own multiple gears and it is possible that fishing
was performed throughout the year especially for those who do not have alternative
livelihood during the lean season and change gears when necessary. Seasonal calendar
per barangay can be found in Appendix 4.

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Perceptions on managed access

Results of interview on the perception of fishers towards the concept of managed


access showed that from the 162 respondents, 41% do not agree when asked if they
agree to have controlled access to a specific portion of the municipal waters (Figure 4).

100%
90%
80%
70%
Respondents

60%
50% No
40% Yes
30%
20%
10%
0%
Total Bagacay Cogon Ogao Paco Rizal Tiris

Figure 23.Perception of fishers per barangay towards managed access option.

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ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS

A. Mangrove Resources

The continuous expansion of residential areas near the mangrove area poses a
threat to the survival of mangroves. They should protect their mangrove forest because
there were a lot of old and sturdy mangrove trees that would be able to withstand
strong waves and provide protection to the coastal communities. They could establish a
nursery for the mangrove seedlings if they decide to transplant mangroves because
there were available seedlings.

B. Seagrass and Seaweed Resources

It is recommended that the seagrass beds located in barangays Union and


Tabok be protected and/or managed as these are the good seagrass areas in the
municipality. While there are still a few houses located near the sites, it would be good
to already institute measures to ensure that the houses’ sewage and drainage systems
do not open directly on the seagrass beds as this will increase nutrients in the water
which will cause algae to grow rapidly and proliferate at the expense of the seagrass.
People living in these areas should also be informed of the importance of seagrasses
and their participation in seagrass management and conservation be solicited.
Docking areas for boats must also be designated to minimize damage to the seagrass
bed.
An alarming practice was seen in Libertad which should be corrected and
that is the planting of mangroves in seagrass beds. This should not be done. Seagrass
areas should be left for seagrass to grow and expand while former degraded mangrove
areas should be reforested and developed. Mangrove seedlings will grow more
rapidly and have higher survival rates if they are planted on areas suitable for them.
Different mangrove species have different substrate requirements. Care should be
done in choosing sites for mangrove reforestation.

C. Coastal Fisheries Resources

Illegal fishing activities were still rampant in the municipal waters of Gubat
due to the weak law enforcement in the area. Among the illegal gears operating in the

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area include dynamite, sosa/cyanide, compressor, fine-meshed nets and sudsod. Most
illegal fishers came from Matnog and Samar. Increase in population and garbage
disposal also pose threats to fish stocks in Gubat. Aside from this, mining in Rapu-
Rapu located approximately 80 km away from Gubat also poses threat to the water
quality of fishing grounds in Gubat as the oceanographic currents may carry waters
from Rapu-Rapu.

Catch rates of the mostly artisanal gears in Gubat are very low, thus fishers in
Gubat are highly dependent on fishing with very little opportunity from other
livelihood. Farming is the only alternative livelihood that can serve as another source
of income by fishers but this needs a clear understanding of the mechanisms where
fishers may shift to farming in times of non-fishing season. Gubat coastal habitats and
fisheries are also vulnerable to climate change so an adaptation plan is imperative
should impact of climate change become very significant. One of these adaptation
plans is to address solid waste which is one of the major problems of Gubat.

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APPENDIX 1. MAP OF SEAGRASS SURVEY SITES

Figure 24. . Seagrass sampling sites in the municipality of Gubat, Sorsogon.

Figure 25. Seagrass meadow of barangay Tiris, Gubat, Sorsogon.


Legend: Yellow lines denote meadow boundaries. Blue dots indicate transect (T) start (S) and end (E) for
3 transects: T1-S, T1-E, T2-S, T2-E, T3-S and T3-E.

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Figure 26.Seagrass meadow of barangay Cogon, Gubat, Sorsogon.
Legend: Yellow lines denote meadow boundaries. Red dots indicate transect (T) start (S) and end (E) of
the 3 transects (T1-S, T1-E, T2-S, T2-E, T3-S and T3-E).

Figure 27. Seagrass meadow of barangay Pinontingan, Gubat, Sorsogon.


Legend: Yellow lines denote meadow boundaries. Blue dots (T1-S, T1-E, T2-S, T2-E, T3-S and T3-E)
indicate transect start and end of the 3 transects.

25
Figure 28. Seagrass meadow of barangay Rizal, Gubat, Sorsogon.
Legend: Yellow lines denote meadow boundaries. Blue dots (T1-S, T1-E, T2-S, T2-E, T3-S and T3-E)
indicate transect start and end of the 3 transects.

26
APPENDIX 2. GEAR PROFILE

Table 7. Gear Profile in Barangay Ariman , Gubat, Sorsogon

% IN PRICE/kg EXPENSES/TRIP
DESCRIPTION NO. OF CATCH
GEAR TOTAL
OF GEAR USERS COMPOSITION LEAN PEAK ITEM PRICE
CATCH
Lambat Single ply Matambaka 20 120 Food P 50
Height: 100 mesh 30 Talakitok 70 160
Length: 400 m Others 10
Single ply Tamban 80 100 Food P 50
Height: 300-400 Bolinao 15
30
mesh Others 5
Length: 400 m
3-ply net Mamsa 10 Fuel 150
Height: 50-100 Banak 50 Food 100
5-10
mesh Talakitok 10 160 TOTAL P 250
Length: 200 m Isdang bato 30 100
Banwit/ Malasugul 80 180 Fuel 1000
Kawil Barracuda and 20 Food 200
Dorado Bait 300
TOTAL P 1,500
Pana Mamsa Fuel 100
Balanak Food 40
Tangigue 190 TOTAL P 140
Lapu-lapu 150
27
Bakako
Bubo Target: Pusit Kanoos (Pusit) 100 150 Food P 50
#7 mesh 3
6 units

28
Table 8. Gear Profile in Barangay Bagacay , Gubat, Sorsogon

% IN PRICE/kg EXPENSES/TRIP
DESCRIPTION NO. OF CATCH
GEAR TOTAL
OF GEAR USERS COMPOSITION LEAN PEAK ITEM PRICE
CATCH
Palubog 3 ply net (4,7,10) Danggit 40 No
Length: 10 multo Buslog 150 120 expenses
(1 km) 200 Angol 200 160
Depth: 2-3 m Banak 120 100
15 to 20 units Matambaka
Single Danggit 40 Food 50
#7 Buslog 150 120 Ice 40
Length: 1 km 20 Angol 200 160 TOTAL P 90
Height: 200 mesh Banak 120 100
Matambaka
Pangbuging #9 Danggit 40 Fuel 200
Length: 600 m Buslog 150 120 Ice 40
Height: 50 meshes Angol 200 160 TOTAL P 240
Banak 120 100
2
Matambaka
Pangbatalay #7. #8
Length: 600 m
Height: 50 meshes
Pakitang #565 Katambak 150 150 Fuel 300
No. of hooks: 100 5 Suga 100 80 Bait 200
Bait: Pusit, Isda Baraka 200 TOTAL P 500
Bigaonan #567 Talad 120 100 Bait P 20
20
Bait: Hipon Katambak
29
Lisug 100 80
Talunton #20 (Small) Lapu-lapu TOTAL <P 100
#15 (Big) Talakitok 200 180
No. of hooks: 3-5 10 Kanuping 150 130
Bait: Hipon,
Galunggong
Pahulad #10 Talakitok TOTAL < P 100
5-20 units per
person 3
Iniiwan sa bato,
sisid
Pana 100 Sari-sari TOTAL < P 100
Bubo Isda: Sari-sari TOTAL < P 100
Diameter: 3 ft
4
Height: 1 ft

Pusit:
5
2 m x 1.5 m x 1.5
m

30
Table 9. Gear Profile in Barangay Balud Sur , Gubat, Sorsogon

% IN PRICE/kg EXPENSES/TRIP
GEAR- Balud DESCRIPTION NO. OF CATCH
TOTAL
Sur OF GEAR USERS COMPOSITION LEAN PEAK ITEM PRICE
CATCH
Lambat Balawis 20/atado; No
L: 400 m (4 4 expenses
talastas 3 atado/kg
Mesh size: 4,9,12 owners Banuruk 100
H: 50 meshes Marara 150
Danggit 20/atado
Banwit Pahila Tuna 120 100 Fuel P 500
No. of hooks: 2 Blue Marlin 200
pcs Tangigue 200
Size: 8 Lamadang(Durad 140
10
Nylon: 150 o)
Bait: Isda, Pusit,
Artificial (for
tuna)
Bubo Isda Balawis No
Diameter: 16 expenses
inches
Circle: 12 inches 3
high
25 to 30 units per
owner
Bunnan Depth: 2 dipa Balawis No
1
expenses
31
Pana Speargun Kulambutan 100 No
15 Octopus 100 expenses
Mano-mano
Marara 150
Length: 1.5 m

32
Table 10. Gear Profile in Barangay Cogon , Gubat, Sorsogon

% IN PRICE/kg EXPENSES/TRIP
DESCRIPTION NO. OF CATCH
GEAR TOTAL
OF GEAR USERS COMPOSITION LEAN PEAK ITEM PRICE
CATCH
Baklad Mesh size: 12-14 Hipas 15 150 Light P 30
Height: 6-9 ft Sugpo
25
Length: 300 m Alimango
25 units Sari-sari
Bubo-kinis Kinis 80 750(M- 200(S) Bait 100
Kawayan made Kasag 10 L) Food and 100
10
40 units Alimangong Bato 10 Cigarette
TOTAL P 200
Bentol Kinis 80 750 TOTAL P 200
Kawayan made Tusa(?) 10 10-20*
4.5 ft x 1.5 ft 10 Alimasag 10 100
40-50 units *tumpo
k
Panke Sugpo 70 350 300 TOTAL P 200
Length: 100 m
Isda (Sari-sari) 30 10-20*
Height: 50 mesh 10
*tumpo
3 ply net
k
Sudsod Kinis( crablets) 100 4 per pc Food 50
200 units for
200-300 Cigarette 30
crablets
TOTAL P 80
Kawil/Bingw Samaral 150 TOTAL P 10
it Ordinary hook 5 Lapu-lapu 150
Sari-sari
33
Pana Pugita 150 Cigarette P 30
2 Sari-sari
Samaral
Ilaw Alimango 750 200 TOTAL P 50
30
Sugpo 350 300
Fish pond Crablets 15 per Feeds 3000
20 x 20 m
pc Labor(ba 2500
For Crab grow- 180-190
ntay)
out
TOTAL P 5,500

34
Table 11. Gear Profile in Barangay Ogao , Gubat, Sorsogon

% IN PRICE/kg EXPENSES/TRIP
DESCRIPTION NO. OF CATCH
GEAR TOTAL
OF GEAR USERS COMPOSITION LEAN PEAK ITEM PRICE
CATCH
Talunton Depth: 70 m Mamsa 160 120 No
Size: 17-25 20 Barata 160 150 expemses
No. of hooks: 55 Kulapo 160 150
Bigaonan With stick Talad 100 No
Size: 568; 23-24 Katambak 100 expenses
Single hook Snapper 100
Bait: Hipon Barangan 20
Palubog 3 ply net Butlog (Siganid) No
Size: 4,10,12 Turus (Siganid) expenses
<10 units; 500 m 15 Danggit
per unit
3 owners/40 units
Sudsod Semilya ng 1-4 /pc No
1m 100
alimango expenses
Jakos Fyke net papasok Alimango No
sa river 15 expenses
5 units/owner
Sarap 20 m x 1 dipa Butlog No
10
One fourth Batulay, Isda expenses
Sakag Scissor net Hipon No
50
7m Sugpo expenses
Pana Speargun Mungit 60 No
20
Mano-mano Pugita expenses
35
Kulambutan
Bubo Isda: No
1 ft x 3 ft x 6 expenses
inches
Lobster 500
10 bitter
3 ply
5-10 mesh

Alimango
Bilos
10 units/owner

36
Table 12. Gear Profile in Barangay Paco , Gubat, Sorsogon

% IN PRICE/kg EXPENSES/TRIP
DESCRIPTION NO. OF CATCH
GEAR TOTAL
OF GEAR USERS COMPOSITION LEAN PEAK ITEM PRICE
CATCH
Panke Sari-sari 180 120 Cigarette 40
Mamsa Food 10
Malughaw (Hasa- Light 180
#4,7,8
hasa) Charge 5
Length: 1 km
20 Sapsap TOTAL P 235
Height: 50-100
Matambaka
mesh
Espada
Molmol
Siganids
Baklad Sapsap 180 120 Cigarette 40
#12 Banak Food 10
Length: 500 m 2 Tamban Light 180
Height: 100 mesh Mamsa Charge 5
TOTAL P 235
Pana Octopus 40 100 90 TOTAL P 100
Cuttlefish 40 (includes
2 to 4 spears 150 Mamsa charge,
Lapu-lapu battery,
light)
Kawil #3, #22 Mamsa 180 120 Bait 160
No. of hooks: 6 Lapu-lapu Cigarette 40
10
Length: 2 dipa, (Baraka) Ice 100
2000m Sugpo TOTAL P 300
37
1 kg nylon Goatfish
Sweetlips
Bankulis
(Gulyasan)
Bubo- Kinis Kinis-kinis Kinis (Alimango) 95 600-700 Bait 30-40
30-40 units Banagan (Lobster) 5 550- Cigarette 40-50
5
Made of kawayan 2000 TOTAL P 70-90
24x24x24 inches
Bentol #7 Hipon 10 140 TOTAL P 100
12x12 inches 4 Alimasag 60 100
30-40 units Alimango 30
Ilaw Sari-sari 180 120 TOTAL P 58
Isda (includes
Silo
150 Hipon charge
Scoop net
Octopus Cigarette
Alimango Ice)
Sudsod Scoop net Sari-sari TOTAL P 50
80
1 unit Alimango 180 120
Bubo-net #16 Sari-sari
12 in x 16 in x 7 m 1
10-20 units
Fishpond Alimango
Hipon/Sugpo
~13 ha + 1 ha
5 Bangus 120
small
Tilapia
Samaral 180

38
Table 13. Gear Profile in Barangay Pinontingan , Gubat, Sorsogon

% IN PRICE/kg EXPENSES/TRIP
DESCRIPTION NO. OF CATCH
GEAR TOTAL
OF GEAR USERS COMPOSITION LEAN PEAK ITEM PRICE
CATCH
Bubo Samaral/Butlog 80 120 Food P 50
#7 (Big)
20 Naso/Tapasan 20 140
#10 (Small)
and Alimasag
Pana Molmol 50 70 Fuel 100
Lapu-lapu 10 150 Food 40
5
Banagan 10 700 TOTAL P 140
Samaral 30 120
Kawil Tuna 10 Fuel 1000
Tangigue 5 190 Food 200
Simple handline 15 Tulingan 30 130 Bait 300
Blue Marlin 5 TOTAL P 1,500
Yellowfin Tuna 50 140
Lambat Samaral 20 120 Fuel 150
3 ply net 15 Lapu-lapu 10 150 Food 100
Others 70 20 TOTAL P 250
Pagi 10 Fuel 150
Pating 5 Food 100
Lobster 5 2500 TOTAL P 250
Single ply net 15
Talakitok 70 160
Pawikan
Others 10 20
Baklad Samaral 80 120 Food P 50
2 units only 1
Lapu-lapu 10 150
39
Alimasag 10 140
Table 14. Gear Profile in Barangay Rizal , Gubat, Sorsogon

% IN PRICE/kg EXPENSES/TRIP
DESCRIPTION NO. OF CATCH
GEAR TOTAL
OF GEAR USERS COMPOSITION LEAN PEAK ITEM PRICE
CATCH
Lambat 3 ply net Danggit 80 70 No
Size: 7,8,10 Namurok 80 70 expenses
30+
1 km Angol 120
10 units Marara 180 120
Single ply net Danggit 80 70 No
#7 Namurok 80 70 expenses
10
50-100 m Angol 120
10-20 units Marara 180 120
Sarap Marangyan No
20+ Namahan expenses
Length: 10 dipa
2 per Liko
With balsa
pax Pusit
Octopus
Latang Size: 14-18 Mamsa 170 160 Fuel P 500
No. of hooks: 250 10+ Lapu-lapu 170 160
Maya-maya 170 160
Bait: Isda, Pusit
Bingwit Tuna Fuel P 1,000
Pangtuna
Tulingan
Pahila
15 Marlin
Size: 14 (double)
Lamandog
Bait: Isda
Tangigue

40
Banwit Pangparagan Paragan (Small
(Ulam lang) fish)
Baklad Turos No
Danggit expenses
14 Kidlap (Small
danggit)
Hamurok
Sigpaw Hipon 160 120 No
With ilaw Alimasag 160 120 expenses
Lobster 1000 800
Pana Kulambutan 120
Lobster
araw; 1.5 dipa
50+ Kalolong 100
gabi: 1 dipa Siga
Tapayan(Naso

41
APPENDIX 3. CATCH RATES
Note: L- Lean; A: Average; P- Peak

Table 15. Catch rates of different gears in Barangay Ariman, Gubat, Sorsogon.

NO. NO. CATCH RATE CPUE


GEAR MEN/ HRS/ (kg/trip) (kg/fisher/hr)
BOAT TRIP L A P L A P
Single Net 2 (low) 3 to 4 0 to 5 20- 30 0- 0.7 2.86
ply 1 0.14 1
6 to 10 2 to 4 50 300 12.5
(high) 2.0 0
8

3-ply Net 2 2 2 to 5 0.5-


30 1.25
Kawil Hook and 1 to 2 18 30 1.11
Line
Pana Speargun 1 to 2 2 to 3 10 2.22
Bubo- Fish Pot 1 to 2 1 0 3 5 to 0 2 3.33-
Pusit 10 6.67

Table 16. Catch rates of different gears in Barangay Bagacay, Gubat, Sorsogon

NO. NO. CATCH RATE


CPUE (kg/fisher/hr)
GEAR BOAT MEN/ HRS/ (kg/trip)
BOAT TRIP L A P L A P
Palubog Net Nonmoto 2 to 3 3 1 2 to 3 10 0.13 0.27- 1.33
rized 0.4
Single Net Nonmoto 3 to 4 -- 1 2 to 3 10 -- -- --
rized
Pangbugi Net Motorize 5 4 to 10 3 10 30 0.09 0.29 0.86
n d
Pakitang Multiple Motorize 2 6 2 3 10 0.17 0.25 0.83
HL d
Bigaonan Multiple Motorize 1 6 <1 1 to 2 2 <0.17 0.17- 0.33
HL d 0.33
Talunton Multiple -- 1 8 to 13 1 3 to 5 30 0.1 0.29- 2.86
HL 0.48
Pahulad Single -- 1 -- 0 0 15 to -- -- --
HL 20
42
Pana Speargun -- 2 7 <1 1 2 <0.07 0.07 0.14
Bubo Fish pot -- -- -- <1 1 10 -- -- --

Table 17. Catch rates of different gears in Barangay Balud Sur, Gubat, Sorsogon

NO. CATCH RATE


NO. CPUE (kg/fisher/hr)
MEN/ (kg/trip)
GEAR BOAT HRS/
BOA
TRIP L A P L A P
T
Lambat 3 ply net Nonmoto 3 -- <1 3 to 4 10 -- -- --
rized
Banwit Multiple Motorize 1 to 2 12 0 5 20 0 0.28 1.11
HL d
Bubo Fish Pot Nonmoto -- -- 0 3 5 -- -- --
rized
Bunnan Nonmoto -- -- <1 <1 2 -- -- --
rized
Pana Speargun Nonmoto -- 2 <1 5 5 to 7 -- -- --
rized

Table 18. Catch rates of different gearsin Barangay Cogon, Gubat, Sorsogon

NO. CATCH RATE


NO. CPUE (kg/fisher/hr)
MEN/ (kg/trip)
GEAR BOAT HRS/
BOA
TRIP L A P L A P
T
Baklad Fish corral -- 1-2 1 0 3 5 to 0 2.00 3.33-
10 6.67
Bubo- Fish pot -- 1 12 <1 1 3 <0.08 0.08 0.25
Kinis
Bentol Fish pot -- 1 to 2 12 0 2 to 3 5 to 0 0.11- 0.28-
10 0.17 0.56
Panke Net -- 2 3 <1 2 3 <0.17 0.33 0.50
Sudsod Net -- 1 4 300 500 -- -- --
pcs pcs
Kawil Hook and -- 1 2 <1 1 2 0.50 0.50 1.00
Line
Pana Speargun -- 1 2 -- -- 3 to 4 -- -- 1.5-
2.00
Ilaw Scoop net -- 1 12 <1 1 3 <0.08 0.08 0.25
43
Table 19. Catch rates of different gearsin Barangay Ogao, Gubat, Sorsogon

NO. NO. CATCH RATE CPUE


GEAR BOAT MEN/ HRS/ (kg/trip) (kg/fisher/hr)
BOAT TRIP L A P L A P
Talunton Multiple Nonmoto 2 6 to 8 1 2 to 5 0.07 0.1 0.36
HL rized 3 4-
0.2
1
Bigaonan Single Nonmoto 1 12 1 2 to 5 0.08 0.1 0.42
HL rized 3 7-
0.2
5
Palubog 3 ply net Nonmoto 1 to 4 -- 1 2 5 -- -- --
rized
Sudsod Net Nonmoto -- -- 1 20- 150- -- -- --
rized 30 200
Jakos Fyke net Nonmoto 1 High 0 1-2 5 -- -- --
rized tide
Sarap Net Nonmoto 4 Low 1 2 3 to 4 -- -- --
rized tide
Sakag Scissor Nonmoto 1 Low <1 1 3 -- -- --
net rized tide
Pana Speargun Nonmoto 1 to 2 -- <1 1 3 -- -- --
rized
Bubo(Isda Fish pot Nonmoto -- Daily <1 <1 1 -- -- --
) rized
Bubo Fish pot Nonmoto -- Daily 0 1 10 -- -- --
(Lobster) rized
Bubo Crab pot Nonmoto -- -- 0 1 5 -- -- --
(crab) rized

44
Table 20. Catch rates of different gears in Barangay Paco, Gubat, Sorsogon

GEAR BOAT NO. NO. CATCH RATE CPUE


MEN/BO HRS/T (kg/trip) (kg/fisher/hr)
AT RIP L A P L A P
Panke Gill Net Nonmoto 2 to 3 3 to 4 <1 1 to 5 0.11 0.2 0.57
rized 2 3
Baklad Fish Nonmoto 1 2 <1 1 to 5 0.5 1.0 2.5
corral rized 2
Pana Speargun Nonmoto 1 8 0 1 to 10 0 0.1 1.25
rized 5 to 6 2 3-
0.2 0.23
5
0.0
2-
0.0
5
Kawil Multiple Nonmoto 2 8 to 10 0 1 to 10 0 0.0 0.56
HL rized 3 6-
0.1
7
Bubo Fish Pot -- 2 4 0 1 to 3 0 0.1 0.38
2 3-
0.2
5
Bentol Fish pot -- 1 to 2 6 to 8 0 1 to 3 0 0.1- 0.29
2 0.1
9
Ilaw Scoop net Walking 10 6 0 1 to 5 0 0.0 0.08
1.5 2-
0.0
3
Sudsod Scoop net Walking 10 to 20 6 -- 1 -- -- 0.0 --
1
Bubo Fish Pot Nonmoto 2 4 <1 1 to 4 0.13 0.2 0.50
rized 2 5

45
Table 21. Catch rates of different gears in Barangay Pinontingan, Gubat, Sorsogon

GEAR BOAT NO. NO. CATCH RATE CPUE


MEN/BO HRS/T (kg/trip) (kg/fisher/hr)
AT RIP L A P L A P
Bubo Fish pot Nonmoto 1 to 2 3 to 4 2 5 10 0.38 0.9 1.90
rized 5
Pana Speargun Nonmoto 1 to 2 12 0.5 5 8 0.03 0.2 0.44
rized 8
Kawil Hook Motorize 1 to 2 11 <1 5 to 60 <0.0 0.3- 3.64
and Line d 15 6 0.9
1
3-ply Net 5 4 0.5 4 to 15 0.03- 0.2- 0.75
to 3 6 0.15 0.3
0
Single-ply Net 4 to 5 14 8 15 40 0.13 0.2 0.63
4
Baklad Fish 3 1 5 10 20 1.67 3.3 6.67
corral 3

46
Table 22. Catch rates of different gears in Barangay Rizal, Gubat, Sorsogon.

GEAR- Rizal BOAT NO. NO. CATCH RATE CPUE


MEN/BO HRS/T (kg/trip) (kg/fisher/hr)
AT RIP L A P L A P
Lambat 3 ply net Nonmoto 2 to 4 3 to 13 0 1 5 0 0.0 0.21
rized 4
Single Net Nonmoto 3 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
rized
Sarap Net Nonmoto 2 to 3 -- 1 1 4 -- -- --
rized
Latang Multiple Motorize 2 12 2 2 to 10 0.08 0.1 0.42
HL d 3 3
Bingwit Single Motorize 1 to 2 -- 0 20 >50 -- -- --
HL d
Banwit Single Nonmoto -- -- <1 1 1 -- -- --
HL rized
Baklad Fish Nonmoto 1 -- 0 2 10-20 -- -- --
corral rized
Sigpaw Walking -- -- 0.5 <1.5 3 -- -- --
Pana Speargun Nonmoto -- -- 1 5 15 -- -- --
rized

47
APPENDIX 4: SEASONAL CALENDAR
Note: L- Lean; A: Average; P- Peak

Table 23. Seasonality of gears used in Barangay Ariman, Gubat, Sorsogon

EVENT/ GEAR JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Amihan
Habagat
1 ply-mababa N N H H H H H H H
1 ply- mataas H H H
3 ply H H H H H H H H H H
Banwit H H
Pana H H
Bubo-Pusit H H H H H H H H

Table 24. Seasonality of gears used in Barangay Bagacay, Gubat, Sorsogon

EVENT/ GEAR JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Amihan
3 ply net L L L P P P P L L
Pangbugiw P P P L L L L L L L P P
Pakitang L L P P P P P P L L L L
Pusit L L L L P P P P P P

48
Table 25. Seasonality of gears used in Barangay Balud Sur, Gubat, Sorsogon

EVENT/ GEAR JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Banwit H H
3 ply net L L H H H H L L
Binnuan H H H H H H

Table 26. Seasonality of gears used in Barangay Cogon, Gubat, Sorsogon

EVENT/ GEAR JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Amihan
Habagat
Baklad H H H H H
Bubo-Kinis
Bentol
3-ply
Sudsod H H H H H H
Kawil/ Banwit H H H
Pana H H H H H H H

Table 27.Seasonality of gears used in Barangay Ogao, Gubat, Sorsogon

EVENT/ GEAR JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Amihan
Habagat
49
Talunton L L H H L L
Bigaonan H H H H
3ply net
Sudsod-Alimango L L L H H
Hipon
Lobster H

Table 28.Seasonality of gears used in Barangay Paco, Gubat, Sorsogon

EVENT/ GEAR JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Amihan
Habagat
Panke H H H
Baklad H H H H H H H H
Pana H H
Kawil/Banwit
Bubo H H H
Bentol H H H H
Pang-ilaw H H H H H H
Sudsod
Fish ponds

50
Table 29.Seasonality of gears used in Barangay Pinontingan, Gubat, Sorsogon

EVENT/ GEAR JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Amihan
Habagat
Bubo H H H H H
Pana H H
Kawil H H H H
3 ply net H H H H H H H
Single ply H H H H
Baklad H H H H

Table 30.Seasonality of gears used in Barangay Rizal, Gubat, Sorsogon

EVENT/ GEAR JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
Amihan
Bingwit H H H L L L L L H H H H
Kitang L L L H H H H H L L L L
3 ply net H H H H
Pana L L L H H H H H L L L L
Bunuan H H H H

51
Hipon H H
Palayan Harvest Harvest
Crops Harvest Harvest Harvest Harvest

52
APPENDIX 5. PHOTO DOCUMENTATION OF FIELD SURVEYS

Figure 29. Photos of PCRA training held at the Municipal Agriculture Office in Gubat,
Sorsogon (May 11-14, 2015).

Figure 30.Photos of the intertidal seagrass meadow surveyed in barangay Bagacay, Gubat,
Sorsogon (12 May 2015) located beside the mangroves. Notice the waist-high level of seawater
during the survey which was conducted at high tide.

53
Figure 31.Photos of the intertidal seagrass meadow surveyed in barangay
Tiris, Gubat, Sorsogon located beside the mangroves (12 May 2015). Survey
was conducted at low tide.

54
Figure 32. Photos of the intertidal seagrass meadow surveyed in barangay
Pinontingan, Gubat, Sorsogon (13 May 2015) located right in the center of town.
The pier was located on the left side and mangroves on the right side; along the shore were houses
and a sea wall; fish corrals and fishermen were seen. Dalo-dalo shells (bottom left photo) littered the
seagrass bed which was exposed at low tide.

55
Figure 33.Photos of the intertidal seagrass meadow surveyed in barangay Rizal,
Gubat, Sorsogon.Survey was conducted at low tide. TOP PHOTOS - mangroves seen on
background of seagrass bed; seagrass blades and sea hare on slate. BOTTOM PHOTOS – children
walking in the seagrass bed where seagrass leaves can be seen lying flat/ horizontal at low tide;
MERF team that surveyed the Rizal seagrass meadow.

Figure 34. FGD in Barangay Cogon facilitated by Mr. Napo Cayabyab. Photo by
MERF.
56
Figure 35. A fisherman from Ogao interviewed by one of the local enumerators in
Gubat, Sorsogon. Photo by MERF.

Figure 36. Participants listen to the exit report presentation in Gubat, Sorsogon.Photo
by MERF.

57