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A.

Process Flow Chart


Figure 1. Proposed Desalination Plant Process Flow Dagram1
HCl FeCl3 Polymer
NaOCl

Seawater Intake
CSWT-01 P-03
P-02
BS-01
P-01

NaOH
HCl
DMF-01 NaHSO3
P-04 Antiscalant
H2SO4

ST-01 PHA-01
Antiscalant
P-09
Drain back to the sea

P-06 HT-01

P-05
P-07

SWRO-01

To sanitary landfill BP-01


ERI-01
AF-01
NaHSO3 Drain
NaOCl NaOH
Legend:
P-01 Pump 1 HCl
P-02 Pump 2
P-03 Pump 3
P-04 Pump 4
P-05 Pump 5
P-06 Pump 6
P-07 Pump 7 BWRO-01
P-08 Pump 8
P-09 Pump 9 P-08
P-10 Pump 10
BP-01 Booster Pump 1 BP-02 ERI-02
BP-02 Booster Pump 2
FTST-01 Flocculation and Sedimentation tank 1
CSWT-01 Clear Seawater Tank 1
HT-01 Holding Tank 1 PWT
AF-01 Anthracite Filter 1
DMF-01 Dual Media Filter 1
SWRO Seawater Reverse Osmosis Unit
BWRO Brinewater Reverse Osmosis Unit
ET-01 Effluent tank 1
PWT Potable Water Tank
Backwash tank
PHA-01 pH Adjuster Tank 1
ST-01 Sludge Tank
ERI-01 Energy Recovery Unit 1
ERI-02 Energy Recovery Unit 2

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Modified from Ashkelon desalination plant – A successful challenge (Sauvet-Goichon, 2007).
Reference:

Sauvet-Goichon, Bruno. (2007). Ashkelon desalination plant - A successful challenge. Retrieved from
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/222704652_Ashkelon_desalination_plant_-_A_successful_challenge