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Computation of Specific Heat of Distillate Leaving Distillation Column 1:

From Section 4.3.1.6:

Table 5.8 Component of Wastewater1


Molar Mass
Stream Components (kg) Mass Fraction
(kg/kmol)
WW1, Water 991.49 18.01 0.8783
Wastewater KOH 90.00 56.11 0.0797
1 Soap 47.32 320.55 0.0419
Total WW1 1128.81

𝐶𝑝𝐷1 = ∑ 𝑋𝑖 𝐶𝑝𝑖 𝑀𝑖

𝐶𝑝𝐷1 = 𝑋𝑊 𝐶𝑝𝑊 𝑀𝑊 + 𝑋𝑀𝐸 𝐶𝑝𝑀𝐸 𝑀𝑀𝐸

𝐾𝐽 1 𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝐶𝑝𝐷1 = [0.8783 𝑥 75.848 𝑥 ]
𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝐾 18.01 𝑘𝑔

𝐾𝐽 1 𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙
+ [0.0797 𝑥 161.23 𝑥 ]
𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝐾 32.04 𝑘𝑔

𝐾𝐽 1 𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙
+ [0.0419 𝑥 161.23 𝑥 ]
𝑘𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝐾 32.04 𝑘𝑔

𝐾𝐽
𝐶𝑝𝐷1 = 5.0278
𝑘𝑔 𝐾
5.3.2.5.b.) Enthalpy Calculations

Enthalpy of Feed Wet Crude Biodiesel:

𝐻𝑃3 = 𝑚𝑃3 𝐶𝑝𝑃3 𝑇𝑃3

𝐾𝐽
𝐻𝑃3 = (9,777.58 𝑘𝑔) (2.77 ) (80℃)
𝑘𝑔 𝐾

𝐻𝑃3 = 2,166,711.73 𝑘𝐽

Enthalpy of Exiting Water Distillate:

𝐻𝐷3 = 𝑚𝐷3 𝐶𝑝𝐷3 𝑇𝐷3

𝑘𝐽
𝐻𝐷3 = (34.50 kg) (4.2 ) (78.2℃)
𝑘𝑔 ℃

𝐻𝐷3 = 11,331.18 𝑘𝐽

Enthalpy of Exiting Bottoms Purified Biodiesel Product:

𝐻𝐵3 = 𝑚𝐵3 𝐶𝑝𝐵3 𝑇𝐵3

𝑘𝐽
𝐻𝐵3 = (9743.08 kg) (2.77 ) (100℃)
𝑘𝑔 𝐾

𝐻𝐵3 = 2,698,833.16 𝑘𝐽
Enthalpy of Feed Wet Crude Biodiesel:

𝐻𝑃3 = 𝑚𝑃3 𝐶𝑝𝑃3 𝑇𝑃3

𝐾𝐽
𝐻𝑃3 = (9,777.58 𝑘𝑔) (2.77 ) (80℃)
𝑘𝑔 𝐾

𝐻𝑃3 = 2,166,711.73 𝑘𝐽

Enthalpy of Exiting Water Distillate:

𝐻𝐷3 = 𝑚𝐷3 𝐶𝑝𝐷3 𝑇𝐷3

𝑘𝐽
𝐻𝐷3 = (34.50 kg) (4.2 ) (78.2℃)
𝑘𝑔 ℃

𝐻𝐷3 = 11,331.18 𝑘𝐽

Enthalpy of Exiting Bottoms Purified Biodiesel Product:

𝐻𝐵3 = 𝑚𝐵3 𝐶𝑝𝐵3 𝑇𝐵3

𝑘𝐽
𝐻𝐵3 = (9743.08 kg) (2.77 ) (100℃)
𝑘𝑔 𝐾

𝐻𝐵3 = 2,698,833.16 𝑘𝐽
Enthalpy of Feed Wet Crude Biodiesel:

𝐻𝑃3 = 𝑚𝑃3 𝐶𝑝𝑃3 𝑇𝑃3

𝐾𝐽
𝐻𝑃3 = (9,777.58 𝑘𝑔) (2.77 ) (80℃)
𝑘𝑔 𝐾

𝐻𝑃3 = 2,166,711.73 𝑘𝐽

Enthalpy of Exiting Water Distillate:

𝐻𝐷3 = 𝑚𝐷3 𝐶𝑝𝐷3 𝑇𝐷3

𝑘𝐽
𝐻𝐷3 = (34.50 kg) (4.2 ) (78.2℃ − 100)
𝑘𝑔 ℃

𝐻𝐷3 = 11,331.18 𝑘𝐽

Enthalpy of Exiting Bottoms Purified Biodiesel Product:

𝐻𝐵3 = 𝑚𝐵3 𝐶𝑝𝐵3 𝑇𝐵3

𝑘𝐽
𝐻𝐵3 = (9743.08 kg) (2.77 ) (100℃)
𝑘𝑔 𝐾

𝐻𝐵3 = 2,698,833.16 𝑘𝐽

Solving for Enthalpy of Reflux Liquid, HLDC1:

𝐻𝐿𝐷𝐶3 = 𝐿𝐷𝐶3 [𝑋𝑊 𝐻𝑊 + 𝑋𝑀𝐸 𝐻𝑀𝐸 + 𝐶𝑝𝐷3 (𝑇𝐿𝐷𝐶3 − 𝑇𝑃3 )]

𝐾𝐽
𝐻𝐿𝐷𝐶1 = (3,351.3510 𝑘𝑔 ) [ 0.005 (2310.98261 )
𝑘𝑔

𝐾𝐽 𝐾𝐽
+ 0.995 (837.16164 ) + 5.0278 (78.2 − 25)℃]
𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑔 𝐾
𝐻𝐿𝐷𝐶1 = 3,726,734.836 𝐾𝐽

𝑖𝑛𝑝𝑢𝑡 = 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑝𝑢𝑡

𝐻𝑉,𝑉𝑎𝑝𝑜𝑟 = 𝐻𝐸,𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑒 + 𝐻𝐿,𝑅𝑒𝑓𝑙𝑢𝑥 + 𝑄𝐶,𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒𝑟