Ballet Terminology

Arabesque, in which the dancer extends one leg backward in a straight line Attitude, a leg extension forward or back with a bent knee. Pirouette, a turn on one leg with the other leg raised Fouetté the free leg whips around to provide impetus for the turns. Entrechat, the dancer jumps straight up and beats the calves of the legs together in midair. Jeté, is a leap from one foot onto the other. Saut de Chat, the dancer leaps from one foot to another. Men and women learn to dance together in pas de deux, or partnering, class. Some ballet schools also teach mime, the conventional hand gestures used to tell the story in older ballets. Allegro is the third part of a ballet class: fast work, jumps, turns. Usually divided into petit ["little"] allegro and grand ["big"] allegro. Adagio is the second part of a ballet class: slow work with emphasis on sustained positions and on balance. Assemblé is a jump: plié, brushing working leg out. Bring both legs together into fifth position while in midair; land on both feet. Balancé is a waltz step. Balançoire is when the dancer swings the working leg vigorously back and forth between fourth position front and fourth back, through first position. Barre is the first part of ballet class, consisting of exercises done with the aid of the barre. Battement is a generic term for various movements in which the leg is extended and then returned. See grand battement and petit battement. Tendu, slide the working foot out until only the toes are touching the floor; then slide it back. Cambré is a bend from the waist in any direction, but especially forward or back. Changement is a jump, straight up, starting from fifth position with one foot in front and landing in fifth position with the other foot in front. Chassé is a gliding step. The working leg slides out; put weight on working leg and draw other leg along floor to it. Sur le cou-de-pied ["at the neck of the foot"], is the thinnest part of the calf, just above the ankle. Coupé is a linking step in which the working foot displaces the supporting foot. Dégagé is a movement or position in which the working leg is lifted off the floor. Détourné is a smooth turn made by pivoting on the toes in relevé. Developpé is a movement in which the working leg is drawn up to the knee of the supporting leg and from there smoothly out to a position in the air, usually at 90 degrees. En l'air is used to describe movements in which the working leg is raised a considerable distance off the ground. Épaulement is the rotation of the shoulders and head (relative to the hips) to add beauty or expressiveness to a pose, step, or movement. Extension is the ability to raise the working leg high in the air. Good extension comes from a combination of inborn flexibility and training. Elevation is the ability to jump high in the air. A step of elevation is a jump. Combination. A series of steps linked together, usually as an exercise in class.

closing the left foot and landing in plié. 2. Plié is when knee bends. 3. sissonne ouverte.shoshone. second port de bras. and others. Glissade is a connecting Promenade is a pivot turn in which the dancer moves slowly around by shifting the heel of the supporting leg. Port de bras are 1.html . then down. Rond de jambe is a movement in which the working leg is made to describe a letter D about the supporting leg. sissonne fermé Grand jeté is a long horizontal jump. in a fondu. Specific movements of the arms. sissonne fondue. done with the legs turned out. In a plié. http://www. Sissonne is a type of jump that has several forms. Soutenu Spotting is a technique for for keeping oriented and avoiding dizziness during turns. either toward the barre. the dancer may be doing a split in midair. Sometimes used instead of cambré. Relevé is a movement in which the heels are raised off the floor. as first port de bras. A grand port de bras is a circular bend. How a dancer uses his arms. Pas de Basque Pas de bourrée Pas de chat Pas de cheval Passé Penché Petit battement Pirouette is a complete turn on one leg.k12. both legs support the body. etc. then up away from the barre. starting from one leg and landing on the other.Fondu is any movement that lowers the body by bending one leg. Start in plié. and then backward and back toward the barre: or the same thing in the opposite direction. sissonne simple. then move onto that leg. In the middle of the jump. move the right foot out to pointe tendu. only one leg supports the body.

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