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Academic Year 2018-19

Unit: Athletics Grade: MYP 2

Key concept: Change Related concept: Energy, Refinement

Global context: Scientific and technical innovation

Students will explore: Systems, models, methods; products, processes and


Topic - Rules of throwing shot put

Legal throws

The following rules (indoor and outdoor) are adhered to for a legal throw:

• Upon calling the athlete's name, the athlete may choose from any part of
the throwing circle to enter inside. They have sixty seconds to commence
the throwing motion otherwise they are banned from the game.
• The athlete may not wear gloves; IAAF rules permit the taping of
individual fingers.
• The athlete must rest the shot close to the neck, and keep it tight to the
neck throughout the motion.
• The shot must be released above the height of the shoulder, using only
one hand.
• The athlete may touch the inside surface of the circle or toe board, but
must not touch the top or outside of the circle or toe board, or the
ground beyond the circle. Limbs may however extend over the lines of the
circle in the air.
• The shot must land in the legal sector (34.92°) of the throwing area.
• The athlete must leave the throwing circle from the back.

Foul throws

• Does not pause within the circle before beginning the putting motion.
• Does not complete the putting movement within sixty seconds of having
their name called.
• Allows the shot to drop below his shoulder or outside the vertical plane of
his shoulder during the put.
At any time if the shot loses contact with the neck then it is technically an
illegal put.

During the putting motion,

• touches with any part of the body (including shoes)
• the top or ends of the toe board
• the top of the iron ring
• anywhere outside the circle.
• Puts a shot which either falls outside the throwing sector or touches a
sector line on the initial impact.
• Leaves the circle before the shot has landed.
• Does not leave from the rear half of the circle.
Topic - Weight of shot-put
In open competitions the men's shot weighs 7.260 kilograms (16.01 lb.), and
the women's shot weighs 4 kilograms (8.8 lb.).
Putting styles
Two putting styles are in current general use by shot put competitors:
the glide and the spin. With all putting styles, the goal is to release the shot
with maximum forward velocity at an angle of approximately forty degrees.
The origin of this technique glide dates to 1951, when Parry O'Brien from
the United States invented a technique that involved the putter facing
backwards, rotating 180 degrees across the circle, and then tossing the shot.
Unlike spin this technique it is a linear movement.
The spin invented by Viktor Alexeyev. The spin involves rotating like
a discus thrower and using rotational momentum for power.

Discus throw

Important rules regarding discus −

• The discus can be made of any material such as wood but it must have a
circular edge with a metallic rim.
• Inner construction can be both solid and hollow.
• The cross section of the edge should be made in circular manner and it
should have a radius of 6mm.
• All sides of the discus should be identical. They must be free from any
type of sharp edges or irregularities.
• Finishing of the discus should be smooth.

Rules Regarding Cage

Important rules regarding cage −

• The construction and the strength of the cage should be such that it can
arrest a disc of around 2Kg coming at a speed of 25m/sec.
• There should be no threat of rebounding of the disc from the cage.
• The cage should have at least one side open. Therefore it is often
recommended to construct it in a “U” shape.
• At the lowest pint the height of the netting point should be 4m.
• Synthetic and natural fiber is the idle material for the construction of the
net. However, high tensile strength steel wire can also be used.

Rules Regarding Throw

Important rules regarding throw −

• The discus can only be thrown by an athlete when he or she will stand
inside a circle which has a diameter of 2.5m.
• During the course of throw, the athletes are prohibited from touching the
top of the rim. However, they can touch the inner part of the rim.
• An athlete cannot touch the ground beyond the circle.
• If the athlete leaves the circle before the landing of the disc on the
ground, then it will be considered as a foul throw.
• In the Olympic matches, each athlete is given 8 chances to showcase
their talents.
• There is particular boundary of landing of the disc. If the disc lands
outside that zone then that throw is considered invalid.

Topic - Field measurement:

Shot put

Discuss throw


Mackenzie, Brian. Anaerobic and Aerobic Energy Pathways,

Mackenzie, Brian. “Discus.” Anaerobic and Aerobic Energy Pathways,