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# 22. The area of a right triangle is 50. One of its angles is 45°.

## Find the lengths of the sides and

hypotenuse of the triangle.
a. Side = 12, hypotenuse. = 13
b. Side = 11, hypotenuse. = 15
c. Side = 11, hypotenuse. = 14.14
d. Side = 12, hypotenuse. = 11.14

23. A rectangle has dimensions 10 cm by 5 cm. Determine the measures of the angles at the point
where the diagonals intersect.
a. L130° , 𝑆 52°
b. L133°, 𝑆 50°
c. L127°, 𝑆 53°
d. L123°, 𝑆 53°

24. From the top of a 200 meters high building, the angle of depression to the bottom of a second
building is 20 degrees. From the same point, the angle of elevation to the top of the second building is
10 degrees. Calculate the height of the second building.
a. 296.89m
b. 290.80m
c. 294.88m
d. 298.45m

25. From the top of the tower 30m height a man is observing the base of a tree at an angle of
depression measuring 30 degree. Find the distance between the tree and the tower.

a. 33m
b. 33.3m
c. 30√3𝑚
d. 30√25𝑚

26. A man wants to determine the height of a light house. He measured the angle at A and found that
tan A = 3/4. What is the height of the light house if A is 40 m from the base?

a. 35m
b. 34m
c. 32m
d. 30m
23. 𝑇ℎ𝑒 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚 𝑏𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑤 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑤𝑠 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑔𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙𝑠 𝑎𝑛𝑑 ℎ𝑎𝑙𝑓 𝑜𝑛𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑠𝑖𝑧𝑒 𝑥.
𝑡𝑎𝑛(𝑥) = 5/2.5 = 2 , 𝑥 = 𝑎𝑟𝑐𝑡𝑎𝑛(2)
𝑙𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑒𝑟 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒 𝑚𝑎𝑑𝑒 𝑏𝑦 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑔𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙𝑠 2𝑥 = 2 𝑎𝑟𝑐𝑡𝑎𝑛(2) = 127° (3 𝑠𝑖𝑔𝑛𝑖𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑛𝑡 𝑑𝑖𝑔𝑖𝑡𝑠)
𝑆𝑚𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑒𝑟 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑙𝑒 𝑚𝑎𝑑𝑒 𝑏𝑦 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑔𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙𝑠 180 − 2𝑥 = 53°.

24. The diagram below show the two buildings and the
angles of depression and elevation.
tan(20°) = 200 / L
L = 200 / tan(20°)
tan(10°) = H2 / L
H2 = L × tan(10°)
= 200 × tan(10°) / tan(20°)
Height of second building = 200 + 200 × tan(10°) / tan(20°)
H = 296 .89m

## 25. Use SOHCAHTOA :

𝑜𝑝𝑝. 30𝑚
tan = tan30°= 30m = BCtan30° Divide both sides by tan30°
𝑎𝑑𝑗. 𝐵𝐶
30𝑚 𝐵𝐶𝑡𝑎𝑛30°
= 30√3=BC
𝑡𝑎𝑛30° 𝑡𝑎𝑛30°

## 26.Use SOHCAHTOA : tanA = Opposite side/Adjacent side

tanA = BC/AB
Given : tanA = 3/4
3/4 = BC/40
3 x 40 = BC x 4
BC = (3 x 40)/4
BC = (3 x 10)
BC = 30 m
Hence, the height of the light house is 30 m.

27.