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FATIGUE EVALUATION IN THE DESIGN OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT


COMPONENTS CONSIDERING ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

Poster · September 2015


DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3220.7120

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7 authors, including:

David Fernández de Rucoba Roberto Báscones Vega


Centro Tecnológico CTC Fundación Centro Tecnológico de Componentes
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Iñaki Gorrochategui
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FOURTH INTERNATIONAL
FATIGUE EVALUATION IN THE DESIGN OF NUCLEAR CONFERENCE ON FATIGUE OF
NUCLEAR REACTOR COMPONENTS
POWER PLANT COMPONENTS CONSIDERING
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
David Fernández de Rucoba(2), Román Cicero González, Roberto Báscones Vega(2), Iñaki Gorrochategui
Sánchez, Víctor Gómez Fernández(1), Raúl Muñoz Roldán(1), Enrique Gómez Poncela(1)
(1) Equipos Nucleares S.A.- www.ensa.es
(2) Fundación Centro Tecnológico de Componentes - www.ctcomponentes.es

Fatigue of components in nuclear facilities is one of main issues for life extension evaluation of existing nuclear plants. In
this work a complete algorithm for monitoring fatigue has been developed for nuclear components.

OBJECTIVES
Main objective

Development of a methodology and an algorithm capable of assessing fatigue


considering the environmental effects of the components of nuclear power
plants.

Monitoring:

Developing a methodology capable of monitoring the actual fatigue of a


component in service by means of mathematical models (influence and transfer
functions) during its lifetime. The monitoring system loads come from field 300
289
271 271
instrumentation. 250

212
Environmental-assisted fatigue: 200
Temperature
[°C]

150

Computing and developing an accurate methodology for calculating the


100
cumulative fatigue usage factor (CUF) of the critical components with regards of
the environmental effect during the service life, taking into account the operating 50

conditions. Application to a practical case. 10


0
10
10 10

-50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400


Time [s]

CASE STUDY
1000

8,75E-03
900 CUF
SI Ansys
CUFen -A
800 7,50E-03

A feedwater nozzle of a BWR vessel was modeled in a 3D FEM (thermal and 700 SI Matlab
CUFen - B

structural) and fatigue usage factor was obtained with and without 6,25E-03
Stress Intensity [MPa]

600

environmental effect. 500 5,00E-03

Different approaches were programmed to calculate Ke (elastic-plastic factor) and 400


3,75E-03

the environmental factor for a defined transient. 300

2,50E-03
200

100 1,25E-03

0
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 0,00E+00
time [sec] Ke constant Ke linear Ke point-by-point

STRUC01 STRUC02
350 350

300 300

250 250

200 200
Temp. Temp.
TFN TFN
[°C] [°C]
150 TFB 150 TFB
TSAT TSAT
100 100

50 50

0 0
0 20 40 60 80 100 0 20 40 60 80 100
Time[s] Time [s]

STRUC03 STRUC04
350 350

300 300

250 250

200 200
Temp. Temp.
TFN TFN
[°C] [°C]
150 TFB 150 TFB
TSAT TSAT
100 100

50 50

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTOR 0
0 20 40 60 80 100
0
0 20 40 60 80 100
Time [s] Time [s]

Environmental Factor (Fen) strain-based integral in a sequence of cycles TFN: Fluid temperature in the nozzle. TFB: Fluid temperature in the vessel.
Option A: Applies to sections of the cycles which runs the "drop of water" in the TSAT: Saturation temperature of the fluid.
Rainflow method. 300

Option B: According to EPRI, from the first valley to the next peak, and from the
STRUC01
last peak to the previous valley. 250
STRUC02
STRUC03
STRUC04
It also depends on environmental monitored parameters: Temperature, dissolved S.I.
200

[MPa]
oxygen and strain rate. 150

100

50

0
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000
Time [s]

Financial support

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