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UNAD ENGLISH
Level B1 +
Unit 1
Module 1

Differentiating
adjectives and
adverbs
Differentiating
adjectives and adverbs

• An adjective :
Is a word or set of words that modifies (i.e.,
describes) a noun or pronoun.

Adjectives may come before the word they


modify.
That is a cute puppy.
She likes a high school senior.

Adjectives may also follow the word they


modify:
That puppy looks cute.
The technology is state-of-the-art.
Differentiating
adjectives and adverbs

An adverb:
Is a word or set of words that modifies verbs,
adjectives, or other adverbs. Adverbs answer
how, when, where, why, or to what extent—how
often or how much (e.g., daily, completely).

He speaks slowly (tells how)


He speaks very slowly (the adverb very tells
how slowly)
She arrived today (tells when)
Let's go outside (tells where)
Jorge works out strenuously (tells to what
extent)
Aspects to bear in mind.

1.Many English adverbs end in –ly. They are


often made by adding –ly to the end of an
adjective: quick + ly = quickly.Sometimes
adjectives end in –ly. For example: friendly, lonely
and lovely.

2. Some verbs can only be used with adjectives,


others might change their meaning when used
with an adverb.
Aspects to bear in mind.

• 3. Good vs. Well


Good and Well are two words that tend to create
confusion for learners of English.
Good is an adjective - Well is an adverb.
She is a good singer.
She sings well.

Though sometimes we use well as an adjective


when we are talking about health and well-being.
A: How are you today?
B: I'm well, thanks.
(I'm well is a better and more common answer to
this question than 'Fine' or 'Good', although these
are also reasonably common.)
Aspects to bear in mind.

4. There are some other irregulars adverbs.


Example
good well low low
fast fast straight straight
hard hard extra extra
long long doubtless doubtless

5.There are adverbs that describe an
adjective.
Example:
Her necklace was horribly expensive.
(adverb ) ( adjective)
She was terribly sorry.
(adverb) (adjective)
Let´s practice online

• http://www.grammar.cl/Games/Adverbs_
vs_Adjectives.htm
• https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-
up/grammar/adjectives-adverbs/exercises
• https://www.ego4u.com/en/read-
on/countries/usa/tour/niagara-
falls#exercises
• http://www.english-
4u.de/adj_adv_ex1.htm
Brush Up
Unit 1
Module 1

Reflexive Pronouns
Reflexive Pronouns

We use a reflexive pronoun when we want to refer


back to the subject of the sentence or clause.
Reflexive pronouns end in "-self" (singular) or "-
selves" (plural).
Aspects to bear in mind.

1.We do not use a reflexive pronoun after verbs which


describe things people usually do for themselves, such
as wash, shave, dress:
• He washed [himself] in cold water.
• He always shaved [himself] before going out in the
evening.
• Michael dressed [himself] and got ready for the
party.

2.We use a reflexive pronoun with the preposition by


when we want to show that someone did something
alone and/or without any help:
• He lived by himself in an enormous house.
• She walked home by herself.
• The children got dressed by themselves.
• I prepared the whole meal by myself.
Aspects to bear in mind.

3. We use a reflexive pronoun to emphasize the


person or thing we are referring to:
• Kendal itself is quite a small town.
• especially if we are talking about someone very
famous:
• Sir Paul McCartney himself sang the final song.

3. We use a reflexive pronoun when we often put


the reflexive pronoun at the end of the clause
when we are using it for emphasis:
• I baked the bread myself.
• She mended the car herself.
Let´s practice online

• https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/englis
h-grammar/pronouns/reflexive-pronouns
• http://www.englisch-
hilfen.de/en/exercises/pronouns/reflexive_pron
ouns.htm
• http://www.english-
4u.de/refl_pronouns_ex1.htm
• http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/agree5c.html
Brush Up
Thanks a bunch and remember.
Practice makes perfect