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Welcome to

Level B1 +
Unit 1
Module 1

adjectives and
adjectives and adverbs

• An adjective :
Is a word or set of words that modifies (i.e.,
describes) a noun or pronoun.

Adjectives may come before the word they

That is a cute puppy.
She likes a high school senior.

Adjectives may also follow the word they

That puppy looks cute.
The technology is state-of-the-art.
adjectives and adverbs

An adverb:
Is a word or set of words that modifies verbs,
adjectives, or other adverbs. Adverbs answer
how, when, where, why, or to what extent—how
often or how much (e.g., daily, completely).

He speaks slowly (tells how)

He speaks very slowly (the adverb very tells
how slowly)
She arrived today (tells when)
Let's go outside (tells where)
Jorge works out strenuously (tells to what
Aspects to bear in mind.

1.Many English adverbs end in –ly. They are

often made by adding –ly to the end of an
adjective: quick + ly = quickly.Sometimes
adjectives end in –ly. For example: friendly, lonely
and lovely.

2. Some verbs can only be used with adjectives,

others might change their meaning when used
with an adverb.
Aspects to bear in mind.

• 3. Good vs. Well

Good and Well are two words that tend to create
confusion for learners of English.
Good is an adjective - Well is an adverb.
She is a good singer.
She sings well.

Though sometimes we use well as an adjective

when we are talking about health and well-being.
A: How are you today?
B: I'm well, thanks.
(I'm well is a better and more common answer to
this question than 'Fine' or 'Good', although these
are also reasonably common.)
Aspects to bear in mind.

4. There are some other irregulars adverbs.

good well low low
fast fast straight straight
hard hard extra extra
long long doubtless doubtless

5.There are adverbs that describe an
Her necklace was horribly expensive.
(adverb ) ( adjective)
She was terribly sorry.
(adverb) (adjective)
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Brush Up
Unit 1
Module 1

Reflexive Pronouns
Reflexive Pronouns

We use a reflexive pronoun when we want to refer

back to the subject of the sentence or clause.
Reflexive pronouns end in "-self" (singular) or "-
selves" (plural).
Aspects to bear in mind.

1.We do not use a reflexive pronoun after verbs which

describe things people usually do for themselves, such
as wash, shave, dress:
• He washed [himself] in cold water.
• He always shaved [himself] before going out in the
• Michael dressed [himself] and got ready for the

2.We use a reflexive pronoun with the preposition by

when we want to show that someone did something
alone and/or without any help:
• He lived by himself in an enormous house.
• She walked home by herself.
• The children got dressed by themselves.
• I prepared the whole meal by myself.
Aspects to bear in mind.

3. We use a reflexive pronoun to emphasize the

person or thing we are referring to:
• Kendal itself is quite a small town.
• especially if we are talking about someone very
• Sir Paul McCartney himself sang the final song.

3. We use a reflexive pronoun when we often put

the reflexive pronoun at the end of the clause
when we are using it for emphasis:
• I baked the bread myself.
• She mended the car herself.
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Thanks a bunch and remember.
Practice makes perfect