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PRONUNCIATION: /ɪs'tʃu:/ v. Syn. avoid; escape
MEANING: adjective: Having the power to attract;
appealing. MEANING: avoid; refuse to use or participate in; stand
aloof from
USAGE: “And yet Fiben’s heart beat faster as he watched
her allicient movements.” USAGE: Hoping to present himself to his girlfriend as a
totally reformed character, he tried to eschew all the vices.


PRONUNCIATION: /'dɛsɪkreɪt/ v. PRONUNCIATION: /ɪ'vɪns/ v. Syn. manifest

MEANING: violate with violence, especially to sacred MEANING: show or demonstrate clearly; overcome;
place conquer

USAGE: Shattering the altar and trampling the holy USAGE: When he tried to answer the questions, I heard
objects underfoot, the invaders desecrate the sanctuary. he evince his ignorance of the subject matter.

PRONUNCIATION: n. /plu:'tɒkrəsɪ/
PRONUNCIATION: /dɪ'sɛmb(ə)l/ v. Syn. disguise;
pretend MEANING: society or government ruled by wealthy class
MEANING: disguise or conceal behind a false USAGE: From the way the government caters to the rich,
appearance; make a false show of you might think our society is a plutocracy rather than
a democracy.
USAGE: Even though John tried to dissemble his motive
for taking modern dance, we all knew he was there not to ABASE
dance but to meet girls.
PRONUNCIATION: v. /ə'beɪs/
MEANING: humiliate; lower or depress in rank or esteem
PRONUNCIATION: /ɛ'frʌntərɪ/ n.
USAGE: Defeated, Queen Zenobia was forced to abase
MEANING: shameless or brazen boldness; insolent and herself before the conquering Romans, who made her march
shameless audacity in chains before the emperor in the procession celebrating
his triumph.
USAGE: She had the effrontery to insult the guest.


PRONUNCIATION: /'ɛnəveɪt/ v. Syn. weaken MEANING: abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by
MEANING: weaken or destroy strength or vitality of;
remove a nerve or part of a nerve USAGE: He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his
USAGE: She was slow to recover from her illness; even a
short walk to the window would enervate her.

PRONUNCIATION: n. /plu:'tɒkrəsɪ/ PRONUNCIATION: n. /plu:'tɒkrəsɪ/

abridge the novel.

PRONUNCIATION: v. /'æbdɪkeɪt/

MEANING: give up, renounce, abandon, lay down,

or withdraw from, as a right or claim BEREAVEMENT

USAGE: When King Edward did abdicate the British PRONUNCIATION: n. /bɪ'ri:vmɛnt/
throne to marry the woman he loved, he surprised the entire world.
MEANING: grievous loss; particularly, the loss of a relative or
ACCENTUATE friend by death

PRONUNCIATION: v. /æk'sɛntjʊeɪt/ USAGE: His friends gathered to console him upon his sudden
MEANING: emphasize; stress; pronounce with a stress
or accent; mark with an accent BEDRAGGLE

USAGE: John said the overwhelming demand for PRONUNCIATION: v. /bɪ'dræg(ə)l/

transportation fuels will again accentuate the need
for increased drilling, but that might take months. MEANING: wet thoroughly; stain with mud; soil or wet by
dragging in dirt, mud, moist places
USAGE: The severe storms bedraggle so heavily that we have
PRONUNCIATION: n. /ə'ku:stɪks/ to change into dry clothing.

MEANING: science of sound; quality that makes a room BEFUDDLE

easy or hard to hear in
PRONUNCIATION: v. /bɪ'fʌd(ə)l/
USAGE: Carnegie Hall is liked by music lovers because
of its fine acoustics. MEANING: confuse thoroughly; becloud and confuse

ACCRUE USAGE: His attempts to clarify the situation only befuddle her
PRONUNCIATION: v. /ə'kru:/
MEANING: increase, accumulate, or come about as a
result of growth; accumulate over time PRONUNCIATION: v. /bɪ'kwi:ð/

USAGE: The Premier League awards three points for a MEANING: leave to someone by a will; hand down
win and one for a draw, so in a 38-game season the
maximum a team can accrue is 114 points. USAGE: Though Max had intended to bequeath the family
home to her nephew, she died before changing her will.
PRONUNCIATION: v. /ə'brɪdʒ/
PRONUNCIATION: a. /'bɛstɪəl/;/'bɛstʃəl/
MEANING: condense; shorten; reduce length of written text
MEANING: beastlike; brutal; lacking in intelligence or reason
USAGE: Because the publishers felt the public wanted
a shorter version of War and Peace, they proceeded to USAGE: According to legend, the werewolf was able to
PRONUNCIATION: n. /plu:'tɒkrəsɪ/ neighbouring
abandon its human shape and take on a bestial form.
USAGE: The two houses had contiguous yards so the
families shared the landscaping expenses.


MEANING: completely happy and contented; showing or
producing exalted joy
USAGE: The beatific smile on the child's face made PRONUNCIATION: a. /kən'tɛmptjʊəs/
us very happy.
MEANING: scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack
CHURLISH of respect

USAGE: The diners were intimidated by contemptuous

PRONUNCIATION: a. /'tʃɜrlɪʃ/
manner of the waiter.
MEANING: difficult to work with; rude; unyielding;
unmanageable CONFLUENCE

USAGE: Dismayed by his churlish behaviours at the party, PRONUNCIATION: n. /'kɒnflʊəns/

the girls vowed never to invite him again.
MEANING: act of two things flowing together; junction or
CIRCUMVENT meeting place where two things meet

USAGE: At the political meeting, while planning a

PRONUNCIATION: v. /sɜrkəm'vɛnt/
demonstration, there was a moving confluence of ideas
between members.
MEANING: surround; enclose or entrap outwit; beat
through cleverness and wit
USAGE: In order to circumvent the enemy, we will make
two preliminary attacks in other sections before starting PRONUNCIATION: a. /kən'vɪvɪəl/
our major campaign.
MEANING: festive; occupied with or fond of the pleasures
of good company
USAGE: The convivial celebrators of the victory sang their
college songs.
PRONUNCIATION: a. /'sɜrkəmspɛkt/
MEANING: carefully aware of all circumstances; cautious
PRONUNCIATION: a. /dɛbə'nɛə(r)/
USAGE: Investigating before acting, she tried always to
be circumspect. MEANING: friendly; of good appearance and manners;
CONTIGUOUS USAGE: The debonair youth was liked by all who met
him, because of his cheerful and obliging manner.
PRONUNCIATION: a. /kən'tɪgjʊəs/
MEANING: sharing an edge or boundary; touching;
PRONUNCIATION: a. /dɪ'mjʊə(r)/

MEANING: modest and reserved in manner or behavior

USAGE: She was demure and reserved, a nice modest

girl whom any young man would be proud to take home to
his mother.


PRONUNCIATION: a. /dɪ'dju:sɪbl/

MEANING: capable of being derived by reasoning from

known principles or facts

USAGE: If we accept your premise, your conclusions are

easily deducible.