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CORPORACIÓN EDUCATIVA PENTECOSTAL

MÓDULO DE INGLÈS

CLICLO 6

BARRANQUILLA,

LESSON 5
Present Perfect and past Perfect
Grammar

PRESENTE PERFECTO

Se forma de la siguiente manera:

Pronombre + verb. Aux have (has) + verbo principal en participio pasado.


Recuerde que en este caso el verbo have traduce como (haber ya que funciona
como auxiliar, no como verbo tener).
Ejemplo:

SEE LISTEN WRITE

I have seen I have listened I have written


You have seen You have listened You have written
He has seen He has listened He has written
She has seen She has listened She has written
It has seen It has listened It has written
We have seen We have listened We have written
You have seen You have listened You have written
They have seen They have listened They have written

La traducción sera: I have seen (yo he visto)


You have listened (Tu has escuchado)
He has written (Él ha escrito)

Grammar 2.
EL PASADO PERFECTO
Aux. Have in past + participio pasado del
Pron + I, You had verbo principal: Worked,
Understood, seen

WORK SEE EAT WRITTEN


I had worked Had seen Had eaten Had written
you had worked Had seen Had eaten Had written
he had worked Had seen Had eaten Had written
she had worked Had seen Had eaten Had written
we had worked Had seen Had eaten Had written
you had worked Had seen Had eaten Had written
they had worked Had seen Had eaten Had written

Observe que el auxiliar HAD y el participio del verbo es el mismo en toda la

NEGATIVE SWIM PRACTICE


I hadn't Slept I hadn't swum hadn't practiced
You hadn't slept You hadn't swum hadn't practiced
He hadn't slept He hadn't swum hadn't practiced
She hadn´t slept She hadn't swum hadn't practiced
It hadn´t slept It hadn't swum hadn't practiced
We hadn´t slept We hadn't swum hadn't practiced
You hadn't slept You hadn`t swum hadn't practiced
They hadn't slept Thwy hadn't swum hadn't practiced

conjugación. En negativo, se agrega solamente la negación NOT, ejemplo:

I had slept (yo había dormido). I hadn’t practiced (yo había practicado). La
forma interrogativa se invierte el pronombre y el verbo example: Had i
practiced? Had you eaten? Had he gone?

EXERCISE 1.
Think that you are reporter and you were in the facts’ place in the moment that
Titanic appear and left from Southampton dock. You must the facts in present
perfect and past perfect. Use exercise 2 of lesson 4.
In your notebook.

Example:
The ship left Southampton dock on Wednesday, April 10, 1912.

The ship has left Southampton dock on Wednesday…


The ship had left Southampton dock on Wednesday…

HOMEWORK

Find the words in the puzzle and look up the meaning of them:
D I S B E L I E F E S
D Absence
O C K B LLeave
A Y S T R
A Board
F R E E ZLifeboat
I N F E F
S Bottom
G A P B Moonless
O A R D O S
A Coast
B S E N CPassenger
E K L M I
B Dark
O T T O MPrestigious
S H I P S
C Denial
O A S T OPrivilege
A R K I S
D Disbelief
E N I A Ship
L T O P I O
I Dock
C E B E RSinkG R A N D
L Free
A C zing
K X SSpeed
I N K E Y
L Gap
E A V E SSteam
P T E D S
L Iceberg
I F E B Strike
O A E A M A
M Lack
O O N L ETopS S I T I
P LayS S
A E NWealthy
G E R O S
P R E S T I G I O U S
P R I V I L E G E S T
S T R I K E S T E A M
W E A L T H Y E S M E

2. Look up the past participle of the following verbs:


Meaning Past Meaning Past _______
Participle participle Strike _______ _______
_______ ________ _______ _______ Swim _______ _______
Bear ________ Find
_______ _______ _______ Take _______ _______
Become ________ Forget
_______ _______ _______ Teach _______ _______
Begin ________ Get
_______ _______ _______ Tell _______ _______
Bring ________ Give
_______ ________ _______ _______ Think _______ _______
Build Go
_______ ________ _______ _______ Throw _______ _______
Catch Have
_______ ________ _______ _______ Wear _______ _______
Choose Lie
_______ ________ _______ _______ Weep _______ _______
Come Lose
_______ ________ _______ _______ Win _______ _______
Cut ________ Make
_______ _______ _______ Write _______
Do ________ Pay
_______ _______ _______
Drive ________ Read
_______ _______ _______
Eat ________ Run
_______ ________ _______ _______
Tall Sell
_______ _______
Sing
_______ _______
Sleep

Meaning Past
Participle
UNIT 2

LESSON 4
Past Tense

Titanic: A Brief History

The Titanic left Southampton dock on Wednesday, April 10, 1912. It stooped at
Cherbourg, France, where Molly Brown and John Jacob Astor, the wealthiest of
the Titanic’s prestigious passengers, boarded and, finally, made her last stop at
Queenstown on the south coast of Ireland.

From Queenstown, with some 2,223 people aboard, she steamed at top speed
for New York City.
On April 14 at 11:40 pm, the ship fatally strung an iceberg. By 2:30 am on April
15 th , she lay torn in half at the bottom of the North Atlantic.

Erroneous decisions in navigation, communication gaps, the absence of


emergency procedures, in lack of adequate lifeboats, the ingrained privilege of
the upper- class, the fierce cold, the monies dark, disbelief and denial, all
contributed to the deaths of 1.500 men, women and children in a lethally cold
sea.
Even if they were able to have survived the sinking, they soon succumbed to
hypothermia in water four degrees below freezing.

TITANIC

GRAMMAR:
The Simple Past and the Past Progressive.

a) Mary walked The simple past is used to


downtown yesterday. talk about activities or
THE SIMPLE PAST b) I slept for eight hours situations that began and
last night. ended at a particular time in
the past (e.g, yesterday, last,
night, two days ago, in
1990), as in (a) and (b).
b) I sad down at the The past progressive
dinner table at 6:00 pm expresses an activity that
THE PAST yesterday. Tom came to was in progress (was
PROGRESSIVE my house at 6:00 pm. occurring, was happening) at
c) I was eating dinner a point of time in the past
when Tom came. (e.g at 6:10) or at the time or
d) I went to bed at 10:00. another action (e,g when
the phone Rang at Tom, came) in (c): eating
11:00. I was sleeping was in progress at 6:10;
when the phone rang. eating was in progress when
Tom came.
FORM: was, were + ing
e) When the phone rang, I was When = at what time.
sleeping. While = during what time.
f) The phone rang while I was (e) and (f) have the same meaning
sleeping.
g) while I was doing my homework, In (g): When two actions are in
my roommate was watching TV progreesat the same in both parts of
the sentence.

EXERCISE 1.
Read the text and underline the verbs you find in past tense.

EXERCISE 2.
Complete the sentences using the verbs you underlined. Afterwards, number
the actions according to the order in which they occurred:

On April 15 th , the ship _____________ torn in half at the bottom of the ocean.

Molly Brown and John Jacob Astor ______________ the ship at Cherbourg.
France.

From Queenstown, the Titanic _____________ at top speed for New York City.

The ship _____________ an iceberg on April 14 at 11:40 pm.

The ship _____________ the dock on Wednesday, April 10, 1912.

UNIT 3
LESSON 5
The Passive Voice
GRAMMAR

The simple present tense.


The simple present tense.
Subject Verb Object
1. Active The cleaners empty the bins every evening
Passive The bins are emptied every evening
Active Does the manager Lock the pool?
Passive is the pool Locked?

The simple past tense.


Subject Verb Object
2. Active People Heard the bomb Five miles away
Passive The bomb Was heard Five miles away
3. Active Did the bomb Injure Many people?
Passive Were Many people Injured?

The passive: perfect tenses.


The present perfect tenses
Active: They have opened two new motorways.
Passive: Two new motorways have been opened.
Active: How much has the government spent on them?
Passive: How much has been spent on them?

The passive: continuous tenses.


The present continuous tense.
Active: They’re painting the bridge today.
Passive: The bridge is painted today.

The past continuous tense


Active: The farmer was milking the cows when arrived.
Passive: The cows were being milked when we arrived.

Form:
We form the passive voice of continuous tenses with am/are being + past
participle and was/were being + past participle.

The passive: will and other modal verbs.

Breakfast will be brought to your room


Meats cannot be served after 11:00 pm
Your key should be given in before 11:30 am
Must the bill be paid in cash?
The room has (got) to be cleaned

Form:
After modal verbs we use be + past participle to form the passive.

By + agent.

Subject Verb Object


1. Active The birds eat the food
Passive The food is eaten by the birds
Active Picasso painted the picture
Passive The picture was painted? by the birds
2. Active Someone stole the car
Passive The car was stolen
3. Active The police arrested the driver
Passive The driver was arrested

1. The subject of the active verb is the agent, the person or thing that does the
action.
The agent can come after a passive verb in a phrase with by, e.g, by the
birds, by Picasso.
We put in the agent if it is important to mention it.
2. We can leave out the agent if we do not know it, e.g, the car was stolen (we
do not know who stole it).
3. We can leave out the agent if we do not need to mention it. E.g, The driver
was arrested. (we know that the police arrested him or her).

Reading

Colombia pictures present men in black. Based on the Lowell Cunningham


comic book series, Men in Black is directed by Barry Sonnenfeld with Walter F.
Parkers and Laurie Mac Donald producing and Steven Spielberg serving as
executive producer. The screen story and screenplay are by ed Solomon.

Special visual effects technology was crafted for the film by industrial light y
magic, with Eric Breving as visual effects supervisor, and Academy a Ward.
Winning alien make-up effects artist Rick baker is the designer and creator of
men in Black’s menagerie of alien creatures.

They are the best kept secret in the universe. Working for an unofficial
government agency. K (Tommy lee Jones) and J (will smith9 are the men in
Black, providers of immigration services and regulators of all things alien on
earth.

They are our best, last, and only line of defense when close encounters get
ugly. They work in secret and they dress in black. From the director of get
shortly comes the sci-fi adventure comedy men in Black- protecting the earth
from the scum of the universe.

EXERCISE 1.
Who are they? Write their names:

a. He’s the director of the film men in Black _______________


b. He’s the executive producer of the film _________________
c. He’s one of the stars of the film _______________________
d. He’s the designer and creator of men in Black’s menagerie of dilen
creature _________________

VOCABULARY
Executive producer
Screen play
Craft
Provider
Best
Last
Encounter
Ugly
Dress
Scum

EXERCISE 2.

Change the following sentences into passive:


a. Barry Sonnenfeld directs Men in Black
__________________________________________________________

b. Walter F. Parkers and Laurie MacDonald produce Men in Black


__________________________________________________________

c. Men in Black protect the earth


__________________________________________________________

d. Men in Black provide immigration services


__________________________________________________________

e. Ed Solomon wrote the screen story and screenplay


__________________________________________________________

f. Industrial Light & Magic crafted special visual effects technology


__________________________________________________________

g. Eric Breving supervised the visual effects


__________________________________________________________

h. Rick Baker designed Men in Black’s Make – up effects


__________________________________________________________

HOMEWORK

1. Use the passive voice:

 He has chosen the best way to find the answer.


_______________________________________________________

 They have seen the movie twice.


_______________________________________________________

 He has taught the same subject for many years.


_______________________________________________________

 I have begun the diet many times.


_______________________________________________________

 He had written the answer before the teacher ended the class.
_______________________________________________________

 She had bought the house when the thief robbed the money.
_______________________________________________________

 We were drinking soda at the restaurant.


_______________________________________________________

 She rode the horse very dangerously.


_______________________________________________________

 They paid the bill


_______________________________________________________

 We sold the car very cheaper


_______________________________________________________

 They are going to cut the tree.


_______________________________________________________

 He was opening a can of tomatoes.


_______________________________________________________

 Da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa.


_______________________________________________________

UNIT 4
LESSON 6
FUTURE TENSE
CONVERSATION

Tom: Who’s that girl in our yard?


Rita: That’s Lucy Hill. She’s our new neighbor.
Tom: She’s beautiful!
Rita: Well, tou’re going to meet to Saturday. She and her family are going to
come to our party.
Tom: Great! See you later.
Rita: Where are you going?
Tom: To my room, I’m going to practice my guitar. There are going to be
musicians at the party, and I’m going to play with them Lucy’s going to like our
music!

Reading

The Hare and the Tortoise

The hare and the tortoise were going to run a race. The hare said, “The tortoise
is very slow. I can run much faster than he can”.
The day of the race came. The hare ran fast. He lest the tortoise far behind. He
ran and he ran, then he stopped and looked behind him. He couldn’t see the
tortoise.
“The tortoise is very slow”, he said. “I’m going to sleep for a few minutes, then
I’ll go on. And I’ll win the race easily”. So he lay down under a tree and slept.
Meanwhile, the tortoise went along slowly. After a time, he saw the hare
sleeping under the tree.
That’s strange”, he thought. And he went on some hours later, the hare woke
up. The sun was low in the sky. It was late. Then e remembered the race. The
hare ran and ran, but he couldn’t catch the tortoise. The tortoise won the race,
and the hare was very unhappy.

GRAMMAR 1

EL FUTURO SIMPLE CON WILL


El futuro en ingles se usa con el auxiliar (will) no traduce nada como auxiliar.
Si vamos a conjugar cualquier verbo en futuro:
Colocamos primero en pronombre + aux. Will + verbo principal. Examples:
I will study (Estudiarás), you will love (amarás), he will listen.

FORMA NEGATIVA DEL FUTURO:

Lo único que se agrega a la conjugación es not después del auxiliar: will not =
Won’t (en contracción).

FORMA INTERROGATIVA

Como en todo verbo auxiliar, se invierte el pronombre y el auxiliar.

GRAMMAR 2

EL FUTURO CON BE GOING TO:

En ingles hay dos futuros el simple que se hace con el auxiliary Will y el futuro
próximo que se hace con el Be Going to, este se forma así:

Pronombre + verbo BE + Going to + Verbo principal

La forma negativa sólo se le agrega la negación NOT.

EXERCISE 1

Translate into English the following sentences:

1. Yo visitaré a mi mamá en Barranquilla el próximo año.


__________________________________________________________

2. Tu construirás un nuevo apartamento para ella.


__________________________________________________________

3. El visitará el zoológico nuevo en Medellín.


__________________________________________________________

4. Nosotros trabajaremos el próximo sábado.


__________________________________________________________

5. No comeremos sándwiches en el restaurante.


__________________________________________________________

6. ¿Practicarás fútbol con tus amigos?


__________________________________________________________
7. Tú vas a verla.
__________________________________________________________

8. El va a caminar al parque.
__________________________________________________________

9. Ella no va a dormir en su casa.


__________________________________________________________

LESSON 7
Tag Questions

CONVERSATIONS

Harry Were you in class on Tuesday?


Paul No, I wasn’t. I was in class on Monday, but not on Tuesday.
Harry Were you in class on Wednesday?
Paul Yes, I was. I was in class on Wednesday, but not on Thursday.
Harry You weren’t in class o Friday, were you?
Paul No, I wasn’t. I wasn’t in class on Thursday or Friday.
Harry Were you in class in January?
Paul No, I wasn’t. I wasn’t in class in December, but not in January.
Harry You weren’t in class in September, were you?
Paul No. I wasn’t. I was in class I October, but not in September.
Harry Where were you last Saturday?
Paul I New York. Last Saturday. I was in New York.

Tag questions.
AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE
a) You know Bob Wilson, don't you?
b) Mary is from Chicago, isn't she?
c) Jerry can play de piano, can't he?
A tag question is a question
NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE that is added onto the end of a
d) You don't know Jack Smith, do you? sentence. An auxiliary verb is
e) Mary isn't from New York, is she? used a tag question.
f) Jerry can't speak Arabie, can he? In (a), (b) and (c): When the
g) They ate a lot, didn't they? main verb is affirmative, the tag
h) We will drive a truk, won't we? question is affirmative.
i) You must drink milk, mustn't you?
j) They didn't eat fish, did they? Notice in the following: I (the
speaker) use a tag question because I
k) We won't take a bus, will we?
expect you (the listener) to agree with
l) You mustn't work there, must you? me. I give my idea while asking a
question at the same. *

EXPECTED
THE SPEAKER'S IDEA THE SPEAKER'S QUESTION ANSWER
m) I think that you know Bob Wilson You know Bob Wilson, don't you? Yes, I do.
n) I think that you don't know Jack Smith You don't know Jack Smith, do you? No, I don't.
o) I think that Mary is from Chicago Mary is from Chicago, isn't she? Yes, she is.
p) I think that Mary isn't from New York. Mary in from New York, is she? No, she isn't.
q) I think that Jerry can play the piano. Jerry can plays the piano, can't he? Yes, he can.
r) I think that Jerry can't speak Arabic. Jerry can't speak Arabic, can he? No, he can't.

LESSON 8
USO DE LOS VERBOS COMPUESTOS
Se dan generalmente por dos palabras: un verbo y una preposición. Example:

Break Hawai = Fugarse Carry out = realizar


Draw up = redactar Eat away = comer
Hold on = agarrarse Look over = examiner

El verbo va a cambiar en los diferentes tiempos: la preposición, no estos verbos


siempre admiten las preposiciones unidas al verbo; al cambiar la preposición
cambia la significación.

Get up = Levantarse Take with = agrandar


Wake up = Despertarse Talk out of = discutir
Look after = cuidar Pick up = recoger
Go out = irse, salir Leave out = omitir
Take up = tomar prestado Fall Down = caerse
Go back = retroceder Fall sick = enfermarse
Take out = sacar afuera Come again = volver
Come by = pasar junto Sleep away = malgastar
See for = retroceder Satnd up = levantarse
Make over = rehacer.

Observe ahora las oraciones en varios tiempos, la particular no se modifica:


Example:

Mary Looks like her father (presente) María se parece a su padre.


Richard has come by me last web (present perfect)
Get up at six o’clock (prsente) me levanta a las seis en punto
I am waking up at four o’clock (press. Progress). Me estoy levantando a las
cuatro en punto.
She was sleeping Hawai her Money (past) Ella estuvo malgastando su dinero.
She came by México (past) ella pasó junto a México.
She leaves out his questions. Ella omitió sus preguntas.

EXERCISE. Make a sentence with each one verb given. In two times.

1. a. ___________________________
b. ___________________________ a. ___________________________
b. ___________________________

2.
a. ___________________________ 4.
b. ___________________________ a. ___________________________
b. ___________________________

3.
a. ___________________________ 10.
b. ___________________________ a. ___________________________
b. ___________________________
4.
a. ___________________________ 11.
b. ___________________________ a. ___________________________
b. ___________________________
5.
a. ___________________________ 12.
b. ___________________________ a. ___________________________
b. ___________________________
6.
a. ___________________________ 13.
b. ___________________________ a. ___________________________
b. ___________________________
7.
a. ___________________________ 14.
b. ___________________________ a. ___________________________
b. ___________________________

8.
HOMEWORK

1. Translate to Spanish:
The Road to Cairo

Once upon a time Damascus, a man had a dream. In this dream, an angel said
to him: “If you go to Cairo, you will be a rich man”.
The next morning, the man left Damascus went to Cairo. But there he had a lot
of problems and lost all his money. He was so unhappy that he sat down by the
roadside and cried.
A man saw him and asked, “Why are you crying?”
“I had a dream, “the man answered. And he told his story.
“You are a fool!” the other said. “I had a dream like that once. An angel said, go
to Damascus. You will find big white house with a red door and a beautiful
garden. At the bottom of the garden, there is a well. And near the well, there is a
tree. Look under the tree and you will find treasure. But it was only a dream and
I forgot it. I didn’t go to Damascus”.
“Thank you”, said the man from Damascus. “I feel better now”. For he Knew that
house in Damascus. It was his house!
He went back to Damascus. It was his house!
He went back to Damascus and looked under the tree in his garden. And he
found a box full of treasure. He was a rich man!

___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________

2. Translate to Spanish

TED: I’m going to pack tomorrow morning. I want to go to the movies this
afternoon.

MR. BAKER: Are you going to the theater downtown?

TED: Yes.

MR. BAKER: Please go to the drugstore and buy some magazines for your
mother. She likes to read on the train.

TED: OK.

MR. BAKER: And go to the train station and pick up our tickets. I ordered them
yesterday.

TED: Sure. See you later.

3. Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word.

a. Beverly sills, __________, assumed directorship of the New York City


opera in 1979.
A. Be a star soprano B. was a star soprano C. a star soprano and
D. a star soprano.

b. _____________ of tissues is know as histology.

A. Studying scientific B. The scientific study C. To study scientifically


D. that is scientific studying.

c. With the exception of mercury, __________ at standard temperative and


pressure.

A. The metallic elements are solid B. Which is a solid metallic element


C. Metallic elements being solid D. Since the metallic elements are solid.

d. how long do you plan to story there? I think I’ll stay for _________ weeks,

A. a little B. several C. much D. a lot

e. when did he get Oscar? I believe it was _________ 1742.

A. in B. on C. at D. to

f. she’s not feeling well, ________ ?


A. Isn’t she B. is she C. is she not D. she isn’t

g. After _______ the dishes I can go to the bank.

A. do B. doing C. making D. does

h. An etude is a short musical composition written specially _________ A


particular technique.

A. enables students practicing B. enables students practicing.


C. enable students to practique D. to enable students to practique.