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Introduction: Solvent extraction is a very common laboratory separation

procedure used when isolating or purifying a product.It is extremely useful for


very rapid and clean separation of both organic and inorganic substances. It
involves the distribution of a solute between two immiscible liquid phases.

In our experiment, Iodine reacts with the Potassium Iodide to form Potassium
triiodide complex. Iodine is Soluble in aqueous solution and tends to voltalise
from them.Both these drawbacks can be overcome if iodine is stored in form of
Potassium triiodide complex.

Objective:This experiment was performed in order to obtain the numerical


value for the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the following reaction: I2(aq)+ I-
(aq)↔I3-(aq)

The equilibrium constant measures the ratio of product concentration over


reactant concentration of a reaction at equilibrium. Equilibrium is reached when
the forward rate of a reaction equals its reverse rate; in the case of the above
reaction, equilibrium is reached when the rate of iodine (I2) and iodide (I-)
reacting to form triiodide (I3-) is the same as the rate of triiodide decomposing
into iodine and iodide. The equilibrium constant of the reaction is represented as
follows: Kc = [I3-] / ([I2]*[I-]) In order to find the equilibrium constant, the
concentrations of iodine, iodide, and triiodide must be known at equilibrium.