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2019 Indian general election

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For general elections in India, see Elections in India.
Indian general election, 2019

← 2014 11 April – 19 May 2019 2024 →

← members
543 seats of Lok Sabha
272 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
PM Modi Portrait(cropped).jpg Rahul Gandhi Crop.jpg
Leader Narendra Modi Rahul Gandhi
Alliance NDA UPA
Leader since 13 September 2013 11 December 2017
Leader's seat Varanasi Amethi
Last election 282 44
Indian General Election 2019.svg
A map showing the constituencies of the Lok Sabha
The 2019 Indian general election is scheduled to be held in 7 phases from 11 April
2019 to 19 May 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha. The counting of votes will be
conducted on 23 May 2019 and on the same day the results will be declared.[1][2][3]

Legislative Assembly elections in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh,

Odisha and Sikkim will be held simultaneously with the general election.[5][6]

1 Background
1.1 Electoral system
2 Election schedule
3 Campaign
4 Issues
4.1 Alleged undermining of democratic institutions and processes
4.2 Citizenship amendment bill
4.3 Unemployment
5 Pre-Poll Alliances
5.1 National Democratic Alliance
5.2 United Progressive Alliance
5.3 Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance)
5.4 Left Front
5.5 Federal Front
6 Non-alliance
6.1 Other parties
6.2 Independent politicians
7 Opinion polling
8 See also
9 Notes
10 References

Official logo
Electoral system
The 543 elected MPs will be elected from single-member constituencies using first-
past-the-post voting. The President of India nominates an additional two members
from the Anglo-Indian community if he believes the community is under-represented.

Eligible voters must be Indian citizens, 18 or older, an ordinary resident of the

polling area of the constituency and possess a valid voter identification card
issued by the Election Commission of India. Some people convicted of electoral or
other offences are barred from voting.[8]

Earlier there were speculations that the Modi Government might advance the 2019
general election to counter the anti-incumbency factor, however learning from its
past blunder of preponing election made by Vajpayee Government it decided to go
into election as per the normal schedule[9] which was announced by Election
Commission of India (ECI) on 10 March 2019, after which Model Code of Conduct was
applied with immediate effect.[10]

Election schedule
The election is scheduled to be held in 7 phases. The date of counting is 23 May.
In Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal election will be held in 7 phases
(maximum). The polling for Anantanag Lok Sabha constituency in the state of Jammu
and Kashmir will be held in 3 phases, the first of its kind.

Election Dates of Indian General Election, 2019

Election Schedule
Phase Date Lok Sabha constituencies Number of States/UTs States/UTs
1 11 April 91 20 Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar,
Chhattisgarh, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra,Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland,
Odisha, Sikkim, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal,
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep
2 18 April 97 13 Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jammu and Kashmir,
Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West
Bengal, Puducherry
3 23 April 115 14 Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Goa, Jammu and
Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Dadra
and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu
4 29 April 71 9 Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh,
Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
5 6 May 51 7 Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh,
Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
6 12 May 59 7 Bihar, Haryana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar
Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi
7 19 May 59 8 Bihar, Himachal, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab,
West Bengal, Chandigarh, Uttar Pradesh
On 12 January 2019, Indian prime minister Narendra Modi launched the Bharatiya
Janata Party's election campaign, which sought a second term in government.[11]
Commentators have suggested that Modi and BJP will base their campaign on Hindu
nationalism, relative to their 2014 campaign, which had emphasised job creation and
economic development.[12][13]

On the same day, both Mayawati (president of the Bahujan Samaj Party) and Akhilesh
Yadav (president of the Samajwadi Party) announced an alliance to contest 76 seats
out of the 80 in Uttar Pradesh and the alliance will not fight in Amethi and Rae
Bareli as they are represented by Rahul Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi. The alliance did
not include Congress, which Mayawati explained: "Including Congress in the alliance
will hurt SP-BSP prospects as Congress's votes do not get transferred." The
alliance was the second of its kind with a similar coalition formed 25 years ago in

A number of issues are expected to be of importance in this election. These include

the country's recent conflict with Pakistan, unemployment, and national security.

Among the interventions by the EC was a ban on the use of images of Pulwama
martyrs. Later, CEO Teeka Ram Meena put a ban on the use of issues related to the
Sabarimala temple during the poll campaign.

Alleged undermining of democratic institutions and processes
Opposition parties have claimed that the NDA government is destroying democratic
institutions and processes[16]. The judiciary[17], parliament, media, Reserve Bank
of India[18], Central Bureau of Investigation[19], Right to Information Act[20]
are claimed to have been undermined by the government. Opposition parties have
campaigned heavily on this issue.[21]

Citizenship amendment bill

Main article: Citizenship Amendment Bill 2016

The citizenship amendment bill brought to parliament plans to allow persecuted

minorities of the countries born due to partition of British India (such as
Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan) into Indian citizenship[22]. The bill has led
to political backlash in Assam and caused unrest in other parts of India's
northeast, with protests by ethnic Assamese groups.[23] On 7 January 2019, 70
organisations across Assam observed "Disgust Day" and protested the bill[24]. On 29
January 2019, 10 Northeast India political parties and National Democratic Alliance
ally Janata Dal (United) met in Assam and decided to oppose the bill[25].

On 8 February 2019, Modi began a visit to three northeast states[26]. To protest

against the bill, the All Assam Students Union raised slogans and raised black
flags to prime minister Narendra Modi in Guwahati[27]. Due to protests,
restrictions on assembly were imposed in Guwahati under Section 144 of the Code of
Criminal Procedure[28]. Asom Gana Parishad staged a march with torches.

Main article: Unemployment in India

As of at least 7 February 2019, the NDA government denied the existence of any job
crisis.[29] Prime minister Narendra Modi claimed that jobs are not lacking but data
on jobs has been lacking.[30][31] Government has delayed releasing of the official
report on unemployment.[32] Two government officials, including the acting
chairperson of National Statistical Commission, resigned, protesting the
withholding of the Annual Survey on Employment and Unemployment for the year 2017–
18.[33] A leaked version of the report showed unemployment rate in India at a 45-
year high during 2017–2018.[34] The government has claimed that the report was not

Pre-Poll Alliances
Note : Data given below is just for certain states and not the entire country.

National Democratic Alliance

Main articles: National Democratic Alliance (India) and List of National Democratic
Alliance candidates in the 2019 Indian general election
Party States/UTs contested Seats
Contested Won
Bharatiya Janata Party Andhra Pradesh 25 436
Arunachal Pradesh 2
Assam 10
Bihar 17
Chhattisgarh 11
Goa 2
Gujarat 26
Haryana 10
Himachal Pradesh 4
Jammu and Kashmir[36] 6
Jharkhand 13
Karnataka 27
Kerala 14
Madhya Pradesh 29
Maharashtra 25
Manipur 2
Meghalaya[37] 2
Mizoram[38] 1
Odisha 21
Punjab 3
Rajasthan 25
Tamil Nadu 5
Telangana 17
Tripura 2
Uttar Pradesh 77
Uttarakhand 5
West Bengal 42
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1
Chandigarh 1
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1
Daman and Diu 1
Delhi 7
Lakshadweep 1
Shiv Sena[39] Maharashtra 23
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam[40] Tamil Nadu 20
Janata Dal (United)[41] Bihar 17
Shiromani Akali Dal[42] Punjab 10
Pattali Makkal Katchi[40] Tamil Nadu 7
Lok Janshakti Party[41] Bihar 6
Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Kerala 5
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam[43] Tamil Nadu 4
Asom Gana Parishad Assam 3
Apna Dal (Sonelal) Uttar Pradesh 2
Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party Uttar Pradesh 1
All Jharkhand Students Union[44] Jharkhand 1
Puthiya Tamilagam[45] Tamil Nadu 1
Tamil Maanila Congress Tamil Nadu 1
Puthiya Needhi Katchi[46] Tamil Nadu 1
All India N.R. Congress[47] Puducherry 1
Bodoland People's Front[48] Assam 1
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party Nagaland 1
Sikkim Democratic Front Sikkim 1
Kerala Congress (Thomas)[49] Kerala 1
National Democratic Alliance 543 TBA
United Progressive Alliance
Main articles: United Progressive Alliance and List of United Progressive Alliance
candidates in the 2019 Indian general election
Party States/UTs contested Seats
Contested Won
Indian National Congress Andhra Pradesh 25 TBA
Arunachal Pradesh 2
Assam 14
Bihar 9
Chhattisgarh 11
Goa 2
Gujarat 26
Haryana 10
Himachal Pradesh 4
Jammu and Kashmir 3
Jharkhand 7
Karnataka 20
Kerala 16
Madhya Pradesh 29
Maharashtra 24
Manipur 2
Meghalaya 2
Mizoram 1
Nagaland 1
Odisha 21
Punjab 13
Rajasthan 25
Sikkim 1
Tamil Nadu 9
Telangana 17
Tripura 2
Uttar Pradesh TBA
Uttarakhand 5
West Bengal 42
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1
Chandigarh 1
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1
Daman and Diu 1
Delhi 7
Lakshadweep 1
Puducherry 1
Nationalist Congress Party[50] Maharashtra 24
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Jammu and Kashmir 3
Janata Dal (Secular)[51] Karnataka 8
Apna Dal (Krishna Patel) Uttar Pradesh 2
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha[52] Jharkhand 4
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)[52] Jharkhand 2
Rashtriya Janata Dal Bihar 19 20
Jharkhand 1
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Bihar 4
Hindustani Awam Morcha Bihar 2
Loktantrik Janata Dal Bihar 2
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Bihar 2
Vikassheel Insaan Party Bihar 1
Communist Party of India (State level)[53] Bihar 1 3
Tamil Nadu 2
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam[53] Tamil Nadu 20
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam[53] Tamil Nadu 1
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (State level)[53] Tamil Nadu 2
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi[53] Tamil Nadu 2
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi[53] Tamil Nadu 1
Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi[53] Tamil Nadu 1
Indian Union Muslim League[53] Kerala 2 3
Tamil Nadu 1
Kerala Congress (M) Kerala 1
Revolutionary Socialist Party (State level)[54] Kerala 1
United Progressive Alliance TBA TBA
Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance)
Main article: Mahagathbandhan
Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance) under leadership of Mayawati led Bahujan Samaj
Party is contesting in different states of India.[55][56][57][58][59][60]

Party States/UTs contested Seats

Contested Won
Bahujan Samaj Party [14] Andhra Pradesh 3 TBA
Bihar 40
Haryana 8
Karnataka 28
Madhya Pradesh 26
Maharashtra TBA
Punjab 3
Rajasthan 25
Telangana TBA
Uttar Pradesh 38
Uttarakhand 4
Samajwadi Party[14] Madhya Pradesh 3 TBA
Maharashtra TBA
Uttar Pradesh 37
Uttarakhand 1
Rashtriya Lok Dal Uttar Pradesh 3
Loktantra Suraksha Party[61] Haryana 2
Punjabi Ekta Party[62] Punjab 3
Lok Insaaf Party[62] Punjab 3
Punjab Front[62] Punjab 1
Communist Party of India (Marxist) Andhra Pradesh 2 4
Telangana 2
Communist Party of India (State level)[62] Andhra Pradesh 2 TBA
Punjab 1
Telangana TBA
Revolutionary Marxist Party of India (State level)[62] Punjab 1
Janta Congress Chhattisgarh[63] Chhattisgarh TBA
Jana Sena Party[64] Andhra Pradesh 18 TBA
Telangana TBA
Left Front
Main articles: Left Front and List of Left Front candidates in the 2019 Indian
general election
Party States/UTs contested Seats
Contested Won
Communist Party of India (Marxist)[65] Assam 2 TBA
Haryana 1
Himachal Pradesh 1
Jharkhand 1
Karnatak 1
Kerala 16
Madhya Pradesh 1
Maharashtra 1
Odisha 1
Tripura 2
Uttarakhand 1
West Bengal 29
Lakshadweep 1
Communist Party of India Kerala 4 7
West Bengal 3
Revolutionary Socialist Party West Bengal 3
All India Forward Bloc West Bengal 3
Left Front TBA TBA
Federal Front
Main article: Federal Front
Federal front is led by Mamata Banerjee's All India Trinamool Congress.[66][67][68]

Party States/UTs contested Seats

Contested Won
All India Trinamool Congress[14] Assam 6 70
Bihar 2
Jharkhand 3
Odisha 10
Tamil Nadu 7
West Bengal 42
Note : Data given below is just for certain states and not the entire country.

Other parties
Main article: Other parties
Party States/UTs contested Seats
Contested Won
YSR Congress Party Andhra Pradesh 25
Telugu Desam Party Andhra Pradesh 25
Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh Maharashtra TBA
Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam Puducherry 1 39
Tamil Nadu 38
Makkal Needhi Maiam Puducherry 1 40
Tamil Nadu 39
Biju Janata Dal Odisha 21
Telangana Rashtra Samithi Telangana 16
Social Democratic Party of India Tamil Nadu 1
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Maharashtra TBA TBA
Telangana 1
Naam Tamilar Katchi Puducherry 1 40
Tamil Nadu 39
Aam Aadmi Party Delhi 7 TBA
Haryana TBA
Punjab TBA
Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohiya) Uttar Pradesh 79
Other parties TBA TBA
Independent politicians
Main article: Independent politicians
Party States/UTs contested Seats
Contested Won
None Andhra Pradesh TBA TBA
Arunachal Pradesh TBA
Assam TBA
Bihar TBA
Chhattisgarh TBA
Gujarat TBA
Haryana TBA
Himachal Pradesh TBA
Jammu and Kashmir TBA
Jharkhand TBA
Karnataka TBA
Kerala TBA
Madhya Pradesh TBA
Maharashtra TBA
Manipur TBA
Meghalaya TBA
Mizoram TBA
Nagaland TBA
Odisha TBA
Punjab TBA
Rajasthan TBA
Sikkim TBA
Tamil Nadu TBA
Telangana TBA
Tripura TBA
Uttar Pradesh TBA
Uttarakhand TBA
West Bengal TBA
Andaman and Nicobar Islands TBA
Chandigarh TBA
Dadra and Nagar Haveli TBA
Daman and Diu TBA
Delhi TBA
Lakshadweep TBA
Puducherry TBA
Independent politicians TBA TBA
Opinion polling
Main article: Opinion polling for the 2019 Indian general election
Various organisations have carried out opinion polling to gauge voting intentions
in India. Results of such polls are displayed in this list. The date range for
these opinion polls is from the previous general election, held in April and May
2014, to the present day.

Date published Polling agency Others Leadα Majority

Mar 2019 Times Now-VMR 283 135 125 148 11
Mar 2019 News Nation 273 133 137 136 1
Mar 2019 ABP News – C voter 264 141 138 123 Hung
Mar 2019 IndiaTV-CNX 285 126 132 159 13
Mar 2019 Zee 24 Taas 264 165 114 99 Hung
Feb 2019 VDP Associates 242 148 153 94 Hung
Jan 2019 Times Now-VMR 252 147 144 105 Hung
Jan 2019 ABP News -Cvoter 233 167 143 66 Hung
Jan 2019 India Today -Karvy 237 166 140 67 Hung
Jan 2019 VDP Associates 225 167 150 58 Hung
Dec 2018 India Today 257 146 140 111 Hung
Dec 2018 ABP News – C Voter 247 171 125 76 Hung
Dec 2018 India TV – CNX 281 124 138 157 9
Nov 2018 ABP News – C Voter 261 119 163 142 Hung
Oct 2018 ABP News 276 112 155 164 4
Aug 2018 India Today- Karvy 281 122 140 159 9
May 2018 ABP News-CSDS 274 164 105 110 2
Jan 2018 Republic-CVoter 335 89 119 246 63
Jan 2018 India Today 309 102 132 207 37
April–May 2014 General election results 336 60 113 276 64
See also
2019 elections in India
α.^ Only formally announced alliances used to calculate lead. Others / non allied
parties not used in calculation.
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"Govt sits on post-noteban jobs report, two top statistics panel members quit".
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"Upbeat BJP to contest from all six LS seats in J&K". Deccan Herald. 2019-03-18.
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"Meghalaya Ruling Alliance to Jointly Fight Lok Sabha Polls; BJP Opts Out".
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India 2019 Indian general election
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