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Course Information

ME8136-Advanced Fatigue Fracture Analysis

Texts: (i) Class Notes
((ii)) Fundamentals of Metal Fatigue
g Analysis:
y J. Bannantine
(iii) Mechanical Behavior of Materials: Engineering
Methods for Deformation, Fracture and Fatigue: N. E. Dowling
Course Professor: A. Varvani ((
@y )
Office : KHS-151B
Ext. 7707
Course Evaluation:
Midterm: 25%
Project: 25%
Final Exam: 50%
Midterm Test Format: Multiple-Choices, Questions, Numerical Problems.
Date: (Class Time, Two Hours)
Final Exam Format:
o : Multiple-Choices,
u t p e C o ces, Questions,
Quest o s, Nu
e ca Problems.
ob e s.
Date: (Class Time, Three Hours)

To Further Understand Why Engineering Components Fail

To Analyze Failure Modes and Design Related Failures

To Identify Critical Sites Susceptible for Crack Initiation

To Evaluate the Effect of Microstructure,

Microstructure Geometry and
Loading Spectra On Failure of Engineering Components
and Finally

To Prevent Failure of Components/Structures by Taking

into Account the Proper Stress Analysis and Design
Course Outline:
1. Overview of stress and strain states
2. Overview of Materials behavior and properties
3 C
3. Cyclic
li stress/
t / strain-
t i fatigue
f ti life
4. The elements of elastic and plastic behavior of materials
5. Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM)
6 Crack tip plasticity,
6. plasticity R curves,
curves and Fracture toughness
7. Materials selection for components subjected to cyclic loading
8. Fatigue damage and cycle counting analyses
9 Stress concentration factor,
9. factor stress raiser effect on fatigue life
10. Crack growth rate and fatigue life prediction
11. The effect of mean stress on fatigue life of engineering components
12 Fracture surface analysis
13. Multiaxial fatigue loading: fatigue crack initiation, growth and failure
14. Reliability, productivity, quality control and economy of failure
analysis in engineering applications.
Why Study Failure Analysis of Engineering Components/ Materials?

A poor selection of materials is known to be a major source of failure

of engineering components in service.
Incorrect design parameters-if the load, temperature, speed, voltage, …
are increased beyond of design limits allowed by design safety factor,
the component is likely to fail.
Materials processing such as decarburizing and tensile residual stresses in
a heat-treated component, poor surface finish, machining marks and
scratches lead to failure of components when they are subjected to
Discontinuity in the geometry of components such as notches, fillets,
and complex
p changes
g in shape p are p places for crack initiation when
components are subjected to loads.
Inadequate maintenance causes a shorter service life of engineering
components than anticipated life in design.
g Steps
p Functional Requirements

Design Codes, standards

Changes Other Factors

NOT-OK Analysis for Materials Selection

Stresses and
a u e OK

NOT-OK Make and Test Components, Prototype

NOT-OK Manufacturing, Service Trials
Established Product

YES Failure? Improvements?