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2009 / 2 The international 3 magazine for landscape architecture and urbanism Sustainable urban design The Next Step Copenhagen and Malm / New eco-cities between tactics and technique / Designing the carbon neutral town / Sustainable olympics / The sensitive city / OKRA / Land meets water in St. Kilda, Cuijk and Nantes SUSTAINABLE URBAN DESIGN 1a for 2 Madildeco-boulevard consists of ar tree, lightly sutiient aso the integration of place and people, ning residents stewardship over and an notional identification with the city. More ly, sustainable urbanism wll ave to go search ofa minimum energy import and waste an adaptable design vo cope with anges, anda spirit of sharing the claim for ce and material not only with the community aso with other species, ‘Sustainable design has several sticking points isnot sick, sexy-looking or even tidy, and estime and commitment. Is supporting tech- ‘and construction materials sl lack fll cil acceptance. An ecologically and sustain- designed landscape requires management iquesdlerent from mowing lawns or ng pesticides. Besides that, it requires a com- nty’s commitment to ensuring habitat diver- ‘We designers are challenged to develop a lan- for designing cites not justin terms of pgical and social processes, but also in terms facshetic experiences. Itmeans revealing the of ecosystem services, to wit: all the work nature does forthe environment, such as cleaning of airand water, the production of and food as wells the decomposition and the providing of wildlife habitats all the aesthetic appreciation ofthe city we in wil be enhanced when itis supported by ological literacy and ethical responsiveness. stainable urbanism is then an urbanism not by taste culture and anthropocentric tion, its economy is not based on short-term pan economy, and is stability aovcs a professor of architecture ardurban ei Unies in Tolyo apa His research cathe nexus between environmental anda arbi and onthe tuations where architecture aban design oveip Hels the autho of courant: Wel mannered ui rwironments Rtedge, The scales within which urban design operates ‘of fundamental importance foran appro- ate definition of better environments. By Imean environments that are both envi- mmentallyand culturally sustainable (Over the las several years Ihave been pro- moting the concept of eco-urbaniy; proposing radical changes in the ways we conceive and live in our urban environments. Eeo-urbanity ars ith the recognition that in times of rampant slobaliztion iis crucial to consider responsible evelopment, namely cultural sustainabiley Disciplines involved in the production of space need to establish and nurture the awareness that the synergy between ecological and cultural sus ‘ainabiliy should never be broken up Social relations should be responsive to and respon ible for their ecological and cultural contexts ‘Though sustainability is climbing up higher ‘nthe political agendas itis still commonly seen asyetanother way to earn and gain money —ane not asa vehicle forthe definition of an ethical, ‘common future. Without radical changes in poi- tics, there wil be no significant improvements in the production of space. We need to redefine ‘urbanityo that it embraces environmental responsibilty. Next, we must reinforce Hen Lefebvre’ requests for renewing the rights of the cityas well as recognizing every city and each ofits urbanites as fully developed locale Robert Tregay ‘ober Tegays senior parte for LOA Design inLondo, Uk He species in maser planning, environmental planning and cimatechange LOADesignis lead con sultant together with Hargreaves Associates forthe 2012 ClymplcPakin tendon Sustainable urbanism addresses how cities ‘work economically and socially ~as wells how they are constructed physically. Sustainable "urbanism isabout economics, ways of life, invest ment decisions, and other aspects of human motivation and behaviour, as much as itis about ‘design and infrastructure technologies. Sustainable urbanism also confronts the chal- lenge of climate change. Cites must adapt to hhoter and much drier summers, noticeably wetter winters, and extreme heat and rainfall events. The challenge i to restructure and retrofit cities in order to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change, ‘Three strategies should underpin sustainable urbanism. Cities must be restructured and retro- fitted, guided by a sustainability vision that should involve leadership and draw on the power of markets. Ths vision needs to paint the big picture, capture hearts and minds, apply new ‘echnical solutions and harness commercial incentives. Cities must bring people closer to nature and natural processes. Greater efficiency isneeded in the use of energy and resources. Buildings, transport systems, power generation, waste management, water, streets, parks and ‘public realm ~all need o contribute to the Efficient City. The landscape hinterland around the city must become accessible, productive and economically integrated with the iy ‘The sustainable city must localize more fits ‘supply chain and its environmental impacts, ‘The city must generate its power and other ‘goods, not simply consume production from ‘elsewhere, People need tobe reconnected to ‘hat they consume, visual, emotionally and. ‘economically Jan Gehl Jan ehlisan architect MAA 8: FRIBA an meni po fessor of Urban Design at the Copenhagen Schoo of ‘rchitectare anda partner in Gah Arctectsof Copenhagen Denmark Concer for the human dimension in city planning presupposes a distinct demand fora uality. There isa direct conner- improving publi space on behalf ofthe people and the strong desire fora lively, safe, sustainable and healthy city. Fortunately, several cites have become aware ofthe value of Putting human beings fis in improving the ‘urban environment. After years of neglecting the human aspect, we now, a the beginning of the 21st century, feel growing need to once again create cities for people, And also the new slobal challenges emphasize this importance of aiming for the human dimension. A planning that takes mankind into account requires focus ‘on the needs of the people using cites. Compared with the costs of other social invest ‘ments particularly healthcare and traffic nfs structure = those of including this human dimension are so modest that iis all over the ‘world, regardles of their development and financial capacity, are able to afford investments in this area i Cathellne Nuijsink , Horry Harsema |