Motion
Grade VIII Junior High School
By: Tyas Ajeng Puspitasari, S.Pd
Name:
Class/Absent No:
2010
A. Motion
What comes to your mind when you hear the word motion?
In physics, motion is a change in location or position of an object with
respect to time
Exercise 1.
Distance and
Displacement
1. What is the distance and the displacement covered by a toy car if it travels
4m north and then 3 m east?
ANSWER:
2. Every day Rahim walks from his house to the junction which is
1.5 km from his house. Then he turns back and stops at warung
Pak Din which is 0.5 km from his house.
a. What the total distance traveled by Rahim?
b. What is Rahim’s total displacement from his house?
ANSWER:
ANSWER:
C. Speed
Speed is defined as the distance travelled by the object per unit time.
The speed of a body tells us how quickly or slowly a body is moving
D. Velocity
Velocity is distance travelled per unit time in a stated direction
The SI unit for velocity is meter per second (m/s). Other commonly
unit is kilometer/hour (km/hour)
Exercise 2.
Speed and Velocity
1. If we travel 320 km in 4 hours, what is our average speed? If we drive at this
average speed for 5 hours, how far will we go?
ANSWER:
3
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2. Thunder traveled in the air at a speed of 330 m/s. If the lighting source was
3.3 km away from where you were standing, how long did it take for the
sound to be heard from your position?
ANSWER:
b) What is displacement?
ANSWER:
4. A train on a straight track traveled 120 km to the East for 2 h, stopped for
15 min, then traveled 100 km to the west for 45 min.
ANSWER:
4
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E. Acceleration
Acceleration is defined as the rate of change of velocity
Where,
a = acceleration (m/s2)
∆v = change in velocity (m/s)
vt = final velocity (m/s)
V0 = initial velocity (m/s)
t = time taken for the change (s)
v is constant > ∆v = 0
a=0
v is changes
a = constant
Note:
a = acceleration (m/s2)
Exercise 3.
Uniformly Linear Motion and Uniformly
Accelerated Motion
ANSWER:
ANSWER:
6
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ANSWER:
ANSWER:
ANSWER:
7
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Object with uniform acceleration motion will produce dots with the
distance is increasing linear with time.
I. Graph of Motion
• Distance vs. Time graph
A distancegraph is obtained by plotting the distance (s)
travelled by an object
The Slope against the
of distance corresponding
vs. time graph= timethe
taken (t)
average speed
Rise
Slope =
Run
∆y
=
∆x 8
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Time (s) 0 1 2 3 4 5
Distance 2 20 2 2 2 2
(m) 0 0 0 0 0
Slope =
0
Time (s)
Average Speed =
uniform linear
motion
Time (s) 0 1 2 3 4 5
Distance 0 10 2 3 4 5
(m) 0 0 0 0
Slope =
0
Time (s)
Average Speed =
uniform linear
motion
Time (s) 0 1 2 3 4
Distance 0 20 4 6 8
(m) 0 0 0
Slope =
Average Speed =
0
Time (s)
9
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linear motion
Time (s) 0 1 2 3 4 5
speed(m/s 3 30 3 3 3 3
) 0 0 0 0 0
Slope =
0
Time (s)
Acceleration =
uniform
accelerated motion
Time (s) 0 1 2 3 4 5
Speed 0 10 2 3 4 5
(m/s) 0 0 0 0
Slope =
0
Time (s)
Acceleration =
10
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uniform
decelerated motion
Time (s) 0 1 2 3 4 5
speed(m/s 5 40 3 2 1 0
) 0 0 0 0
Slope =
Deceleration =
0
Time (s)
Exercise 4.
Graph of Motion
1. The Distance
distancetime graph of a moving object is shown below.
(m)
a) What is the velocity of object
18 during time interval 0s 3s?
b) What is the velocity of object for
the next 3s?
3 6 time (s)
ANSWER:
10 40 time (s) 11
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ANSWER:
ANSWER:
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0 5 20 25 30 40 50
time (s)

10
ANSWER:
13