You are on page 1of 2

ME354

Thermodynamics 2 Name:

Quiz #3 - T01: ID #:

Problem: A steam power plant operates on an ideal reheat


Rankine cycle between the pressure limits of 15 M P a
and 10 kP a. The mass flow rate of steam through the
cycle is 12 kg/s. Steam enters both stages of the turbine
at 500 ◦ C. If the moisture content of the steam at the exit
of the low-pressure turbine is not to exceed 10 percent,
determine:

(a) the pressure [kP a] at which reheating takes place,


(b) the total rate of heat input [kW ] in the boiler

Assumptions
1. SS − SF
2. heat loss to the surroundings is negligible
3. KE = P E → 0
4. properties are constant

Part a)
state T P ν x h s comment
(◦ C) (kP a) (m3 /kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg · K)

1 mark
1 10 0.00101 191.81 sat. liquid
2 15,000 206.95
3 500 15,000 3310.8 6.348 Table A-6 1 mark
4 2161 2817.6 6.348 s4 = s3
5 500 2161 3464.8 7.3988 s5 = s6
6 10 0.9 2344.7 7.3988

Pump

wp,in = h2 − h1 = ν1 (P2 − P1 )
 
1 kJ
= (0.00101 m3 /kg)(15000 − 10) kP a
1 kP a · m3
= 15.14 kJ/kg
h2 = h1 + wp,in
1 mark
= 191.81 kJ/kg + 15.14 kJ/kg = 206.95 kJ/kg

State 6

h6 = (1 − x)hf + xhg
= 0.1(191.81 kJ/kg) + 0.9(2583.9 kJ/kg)
= 2344.7 kJ/kg 1 mark

s6 = (1 − x)sf + xsg
= 0.1(0.6492 kJ/kg · K) + 0.9(8.1488 kJ/kg · K)
= 7.3988 kJ/kg · K 1 mark

State 5
To find the pressure at 5 we need to interpolate in the superheated tables. First the entropy at a pressure
above the desired value and then at a pressure below the desired value.

@500 ◦ C, @2 M P a −→ s = 7.4337 kJ/kg · K

@500 ◦ C, @2.5 M P a −→ s = 7.3254 kJ/kg · K

These values of s bound our value of s5 = 7.3988 kJ/kg · K. 1 mark

Interpolate to find the pressure, P5


7.4337 − 7.3988
= 0.32225
7.4337 − 7.3254
P3 = 2000 kP a + 0.32225 × (2500 − 2000) kP a
= 2161 kP a ⇐ 1 mark

and

h5 = 0.32225 × (3468.3 kJ/kg) + 0.67775 × (3462.8 kJ/kg) = 3464.8 kJ/kg


1 mark
State 4
To find h4 we need to interpolate within the superheated tables

@2 M P a, s = 6.348 kJ/kg · K −→ h = 2802.7 kJ/kg

@2.5 M P a, s = 6.348 kJ/kg · K −→ h = 2848.9 kJ/kg

To find the actual value of h4 we need to interpolate between these two pressures to find the value at
P4 = 2161 kP a

h4 = 0.678 × (2802.7 kJ/kg) + 0.322 × (2848.9 kJ/kg) = 2817.6 kJ/kg


1 mark

Part b)
The heat input to the boiler is given as

Q̇in = ṁ[(h3 − h2 ) + (h5 − h4 )]


= (12 kg/s)[(3310.8 − 206.95) + (3464.8 − 2817.6)] kJ/kg = 45, 012.6 kW ⇐
1 mark