1. Eli Whitney a. Created musket with interchangeable parts 2. Great Britain starts revolution. a.

Mass Production- making goods in a large quantities b. Industrial Revolution- social and economic reorganization i.18th century ii.Came up with new ways to make power by burning fossil fuels and creating steam iii.Invented power driven machinery to mass-produce textiles 3. New England Industrializes a. Depended on foreign trade and shipping for income b. Samuel Slater established 1st successful mechanized textile factory c. People in North East were poor farmers 4. Agriculture in the North a. Not totally gone i.Cities kept from needing large work force 1. Late 1700’s slaves were gone. 5. Slavery becomes entrenched a. 1820’s i.Demand for slavery b. 1790-1810 i.Cotton production surged drastically 1. Brought slave count 700,000 – 1,200,000 c. 1808 i.Slave traders brought in an exceeding amount of slaves 6. American System a. Proposed by James Madison … Speaker of House- Henry Clay

b. Developed Transportation Systems i.National Road 1. 1811… extended from Cumberland, Maryland – Vandalia, Illinois 2. Began first turnpike system a. Pay toll to get through ii.Erie Canal 1. 363 miles (“Big Ditch”) 2. Took 8 years to create and after 12 years was totally paid off 3. Linked Hudson River to Lake Erie 7. Gibbons vs. Ogden a. Ogden believed he was the only one legally allowed to run a steam ship from N.Y. – N.J. on the Hudson River b. Gibbons believed the same thing for himself c. Court concluded that only the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT can regulate commerce between states 8. McCulloch vs. Maryland a. Tried to levy tax on local branch of Bank of U.S. i.They wanted it to fail b. John Marshall believed that if this was allowed, states would be overturning laws passed by congress i.Bank of US declared CONSTITUTIONAL c. Court concluded that no state can tax an agency of national government (remember schools on Fort Lee) 9. Nationalism- shaped foreign policy a. Secretary of State, John Q. Adams (son of John Adams) i.Established foreign policy of nationalism 1. National interest should be placed before regional or

foreign concerns (issues as a nation as a whole are more important than other countries’ or single state’s issues) 10.Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) a. Spain gave Florida and Oregon to U.S. i.Spain could not police New World territories (not enough money) 11.Monroe Doctrine a. President Monroe warned the world to not interfere with affairs in Western Hemisphere b. They should not attempt to create new colonies or overthrow newly created republics i.It would hurt the safety of America 12.Missouri Compromise a. Missouri wanted to be a slave state b. Congress argues c. Alabama was added as a slave state i.11 free and 11 slaved 1. Equal balance d. Slave states accuse the Northern states of trying to end slavery e. Compromisei.Maine- free ii.Missouri- slave 13.Andrew Jackson- Opponent of John Q. Adams a. Election of 1824 i.Adams won electoral college ii.Jackson won popular vote 1. Neither received majority b. Henry Clay

i.Able to swing election because he was very powerful ii.Jacksonians accused Adams of stealing Presidency iii.Jacksonians left the republic party and formed the Democratic Party iv.Jacksonians sabotaged Adam’s policies 14.Democracy and Citizenship a. During Adams’ term, most states eased voting requirements i.Fewer states had the “property ownership” rule b. Election of 1828 i.Ease of voting requirements ^^^ helped Jackson win 15.Spoils Systema. Incoming official throw out employees and replaced with their friends i.Jackson fired 10% of Fed. Employees 1. Most were from Adams’ administration 16.Indian Removal Act of 1830 a. Feds provided money to negotiate treaties that would force Indians west i.90 treaties signed ii.1830- Jackson pressured Choctaw to sign treaty iii.1831- Jackson ordered US troops to forcibly remove Sawk & Fox from Illinois and Mississippi iv.1832 Jackson forced Choctaw to leave Alabama and Mississippi b. Cherokee fight back i.Used court to win fair treatment ii.Worcester vs. Georgia 1. Cherokee joined with Samuel Adams 2. Worcester -missionary who was jailed for teaching Indians to read without license

3. Supreme Court ruled that Georgia wasn’t entitles to regulate the Cherokee or invade their lands c. Trail Of Tears – November 1838 i.Cherokee – 1000 people in a group, many groups, on the “Long Journey” 1. 800 mile trip 2. Buried more than ¼ 3. Put on land that were for more inferior than what they previously had

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