This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Plugging in Numbers

When Shrugging, Try Plugging

Today’s Lesson Today you will learn how to… Apply Knewton’s math philosophy Plug in numbers to find a goal number Plug in answer choices to the question Obey variable rules provided in the question

WHEN SHRUGGING, TRY PLUGGING

**SAT Math A math teacher wants you to solve equations with algebra.
**

5x + 15 = 30 5x = 15 x =3 Subtract 15 from both sides. Divide both sides by 5.

WHEN SHRUGGING, TRY PLUGGING

Knewton’s SAT Math Rules 1. SAT Teachers are different from Math Teachers. 2. The way you get to your answer does not have to be “pretty.” 3. You have a calculator – use it! 4. Never get stuck – doing something is better than doing nothing. When you get stuck, you can almost always Plug In Numbers (PIN)!

WHEN SHRUGGING, TRY PLUGGING

Why Plug in Numbers? .

how many CDs does he have? 3(2 + 5) = 3(7) = 21 WHEN SHRUGGING. 3(2 + 5) = 3(7) = 21 Setting up word problems with arithmetic is natural as well. TRY PLUGGING . and Elana has 5.Why Plug in Numbers? You know you can handle arithmetic on the SAT. Matt has 2 CDs. If Jeremy has 3 times as many as both of them combined.

If half of the utensils on the table are silver. how many silver utensils are there. and there are x place-settings.Why Plug in Numbers? Algebra is often a little trickier than arithmetic. 3(2x + 4) – x = 22 (6x + 12) – x = 22 5x + 12 = 22 5x = 10 x=2 Setting up word problems with algebra can be even trickier. There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table. in terms of x? (6 + 4) ÷ 2? (6 + 4x) ÷ 2? (6 + 4) ÷ 2x? But notice what happens when we PIN! WHEN SHRUGGING. TRY PLUGGING . and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting.

how many silver utensils are there. TRY PLUGGING . and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting.Multiple-Choice There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table. in terms of x? (A) x + 6 (B) 2x + 3 (C) 2x + 6 (D) 4x + 3 (E) 4x + 6 WHEN SHRUGGING. If half of the utensils on the table are silver. and there are x place-settings.

Multiple-Choice There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table. in terms of x? (A) x + 6 (B) 2x + 3 (C) 2x + 6 (D) 4x + 3 (E) 4x + 6 Pick any number for x. WHEN SHRUGGING. TRY PLUGGING .. and there are x place-settings. how many silver utensils are there.. and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting. If half of the utensils on the table are silver.

the result is 13. If half of the utensils on the table are silver. and there are 5 place-settings. when we plug in x = 5. TRY PLUGGING .. 1 (26) = 13 silver utensils 2 So. in terms of 5? (A) x + 6 (B) 2x + 3 (C) 2x + 6 (D) 4x + 3 (E) 4x + 6 Pick any number for x. x=5 (5 places) × (4 eating utensils) + (6 serving utensils) = 20 + 6 = 26 Half of the utensils are silver.Multiple-Choice There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table. This result is our “Goal Number... and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting. how many silver utensils are there.” WHEN SHRUGGING..

and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting. 13 is our “Goal Number.Multiple-Choice There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table. how many silver utensils are there. in terms of 5? (A) 5 + 6 (B) 2(5) + 3 (C) 2(5) + 6 (D) 4(5) + 3 (E) 4(5) + 6 Plug 5 in for x in the answer choices to see which one yields 13. If half of the utensils on the table are silver. WHEN SHRUGGING. TRY PLUGGING . It’s possible more than one will yield the Goal Number.” ALWAYS REMEMBER When Plugging in Numbers to find a Goal Number. and there are 5 place-settings. you must test all five answer choices.

” WHEN SHRUGGING. how many silver utensils are there. If half of the utensils on the table are silver.Multiple-Choice There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table. and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting. TRY PLUGGING . and there are 5 place-settings. in terms of 5? (A) x + 6 (B) 2x + 3 (C) 2x + 6 (D) 4x + 3 (E) 4x + 6 13 is our “Goal Number.

The Goal Number .

TRY PLUGGING .. how many silver utensils are there. 9 is our “Goal Number. 1 (18) = 9 silver utensils 2 So. and there are 3 place-settings.. when we plug in x = 3. and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting.The Goal Number There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table. If half of the utensils on the table are silver. in terms of 3? (A) x + 6 (B) 2x + 3 (C) 2x + 6 (D) 4x + 3 (E) 4x + 6 What if we had picked a different number? x=3 (3 places) × (4 eating utensils) + (6 serving utensils) = 12 + 6 = 18 Half of the utensils are silver.” WHEN SHRUGGING.

The Goal Number There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table. and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting. TRY PLUGGING . and there are 3 place-settings. how many silver utensils are x there. If half of the utensils on the table are silver. in terms of 3 x? (A) 3 + 6 (B) 2(3) + 3 (C) 2(3) + 6 (D) 4(3) + 3 (E) 4(3) + 6 9 9 12 15 18 9 is our “Goal Number.” ALWAYS REMEMBER When 2 answer choices yield the “Goal Number.” you need to Re-PIN. WHEN SHRUGGING.

in terms of x? (A) x + 6 (B) 2x + 3 (C) 2x + 6 (D) 4x + 3 (E) 4x + 6 9 9 12 15 18 11 13 Only Re-Pin for answers that gave you the Goal Number! x= 3 Goal Number : 9 x= 5 Goal Number : 13 WHEN SHRUGGING. how many silver utensils are there. If half of the utensils on the table are silver. and there are x place-settings. TRY PLUGGING . and 4 eating utensils at each place-setting.The Goal Number There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table.

TRY PLUGGING .The Goal Number When should you plug in? If you see variables in the answer choices. If you see “in terms of” in the question. WHEN SHRUGGING.

and 4 eating utensils at each placesetting. TRY PLUGGING . and there are x place-settings. If you see “in terms of” in the question. Avoid choosing 0 and 1. in terms of x? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) x+6 2x + 3 2x + 6 4x + 3 4x + 6 “In terms of” in the question Variables in the answer choices WHEN SHRUGGING. If half of the utensils on the table are silver. They act differently than most other numbers. how many silver utensils are there. There are 6 serving utensils in the center of the table.The Goal Number When should you plug in? If you see variables in the answer choices.

what does (b/4) equal in terms of a? (A) 2a (B) 8a (C) 8 a (D) a 8 (E) a 4 WHEN SHRUGGING.Multiple-Choice If 2b = a. TRY PLUGGING .

Multiple-Choice If 2b = a. TRY PLUGGING . WHEN SHRUGGING. what does (b/4) equal in terms of a? (A) 2a (B) 8a (C) 8 a (D) a 8 (E) a 4 ALWAYS REMEMBER When you see the phrase “in terms of” you can always plug in for that variable.

” WHEN SHRUGGING. a=8 2b = 8 b=4 (b/4) = 1 1 is our “Goal Number. what does (b/4) equal in terms of a? (A) 2a (B) 8a (C) 8 a (D) a 8 (E) a 4 PIN for the variable after the words “in terms of”.Multiple-Choice If 2b = a. TRY PLUGGING .

When you Re-PIN. what does (b/4) equal in terms of a? (A) 2a (B) 8a (C) 8 a (D) a 8 (E) a 4 When more than one answer choice gives you the “Goal Number”. Re-PIN.Multiple-Choice If 2b = a. TRY PLUGGING . you only need to check the remaining answer choices. WHEN SHRUGGING.

” a=6 WHEN SHRUGGING. what does (b/4) equal in terms of a? (A) 2a (B) 8a (C) 8 a (D) a 8 (E) a 4 a=6 2b = 6 b=3 (b/4) = 0.75 0. TRY PLUGGING .Multiple-Choice If 2b = a.75 is our “Goal Number.

what does (b/4) equal in terms of a? (A) 2a (B) 8a (C) 8 a (D) a 8 (E) a 4 a=6 0. TRY PLUGGING .Multiple-Choice If 2b = a.” WHEN SHRUGGING.75 is our “Goal Number.

which of the following expresses j in terms of k? (A) 3. TRY PLUGGING .Multiple-Choice If 12 percent of k equals 30 percent of j.6% of k (B) 18% of k (C) 40% of k (D) 42% of k (E) 250% of k WHEN SHRUGGING.

TRY PLUGGING .6% of k k = 100 (B) 18% of k (C) 40% of k (D) 42% of k (E) 250% of k 12% of 100 = 12 WHEN SHRUGGING. (A) 3. which of the following expresses j in terms of k? When plugging in numbers for percentages. use 100.Multiple-Choice If 12 percent of k equals 30 percent of j.

Multiple-Choice If 12 percent of k equals 30 percent of j. which of the following expresses j in terms of k? When plugging in numbers for percentages.3j (B) 18% of k (Divide both sides by 0. TRY PLUGGING . use 100. (A) 3.6% of k 12 = 0.” (E) 250% of k WHEN SHRUGGING.3) (C) 40% of k 40 = j (D) 42% of k 40 is our “Goal Number.

6 18 40 42 250 WHEN SHRUGGING.” If 12 percent of k equals 30 percent of j. which of the following expresses j in terms of k? k = 100 (A) 3.Multiple-Choice 40 is our “Goal Number.6% of k (B) 18% of k (C) 40% of k (D) 42% of k (E) 250% of k 3. TRY PLUGGING .

More Applications of PIN .

. Just remember to PIN with a number that obeys the rules! WHEN SHRUGGING. TRY PLUGGING . Given that x is a positive integer. you can choose to work with numbers rather than with variables. then what is the… If the product ab is odd. If 5 < y... When the SAT gives you “Variable Rules..” you can PIN.Plugging In Numbers On the SAT.

and a3 from least to greatest? (A) a < a2 < a3 (B) a < a3 < a2 (C) a2 < a < a3 (D) a2 < a3 < a (E) a3 < a < a2 WHEN SHRUGGING.Multiple-Choice If -1 < a < 0. TRY PLUGGING . a2. which of the following gives the correct ordering of a.

5) a2 = (..5)^2 .25 ALWAYS REMEMBER Use parentheses when entering negative numbers in a calculator.Multiple-Choice If -1 < a < 0.25) (-. ..” Let’s pick a = (-. and a3 from least to greatest? (A) a < a2 < a3 (B) a < a3 < a2 (C) a2 < a < a3 (D) a2 < a3 <a (E) a3 < a < a2 Pick any number for a. TRY PLUGGING .as long as it obeys the “Variable Rules. WHEN SHRUGGING. which of the following gives the correct ordering of a.. a2..

25 WHEN SHRUGGING.. and a3 from least to greatest? (A) a < a2 < a3 (B) a < a3 < a2 (C) a2 < a < a3 (D) a2 < a3 <a (E) a3 < a < a2 Pick any number for a.125 < -.5) a2 = (.25) a3 = (-.125) -. . a2.125 < .” Let’s pick a = (-..Multiple-Choice If -1 < a < 0.as long as it obeys the “Variable Rules.5 (-. TRY PLUGGING .5)^3 -. which of the following gives the correct ordering of a...

Plugging in Answer Choices .

x could be. TRY PLUGGING . What is y when. then x could be (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 8 9 10 11 12 WHEN SHRUGGING.. if x2 + 7 = 88.Plugging In Answers Often the SAT asks you to find the value of a variable.. If you are asked to find the value of a variable and the SAT gives you numbers for the answer choices. If x2 + 7 = 88 then... plug them in.

Multiple-Choice If x is an integer and 2 is the remainder when 3x + 11 is divided by 5. TRY PLUGGING . then x could be (A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8 WHEN SHRUGGING.

then x could be (A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8 ALWAYS REMEMBER If you’re looking for the value of a variable. TRY PLUGGING .Multiple-Choice If x is an integer and 2 is the remainder when 3x + 11 is divided by 5. you can almost always plug in the answer choices! WHEN SHRUGGING.

then x could be (A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8 One of these answer choices must work for x.Multiple-Choice If x is an integer and 2 is the remainder when 3x + 11 is divided by 5. TRY PLUGGING . Plug in x = 4 3(4) + 11 5 = 23 5 = 4 R3 WHEN SHRUGGING.

stop once you find a value that works. then x could be (A) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) 7 (E) 8 Plug in x = 7 3(7) + 11 5 = 32 5 = 6 R2 ALWAYS REMEMBER When Plugging in Answers.Multiple-Choice If x is an integer and 2 is the remainder when 3x + 11 is divided by 5. TRY PLUGGING . WHEN SHRUGGING.

and they each buy a hot dog for $3. TRY PLUGGING . Five friends buy tickets for the game.Multiple-Choice A ticket to a baseball game costs c dollars. If the total the five friends spent was $55. then what is c ? (A) $5 (B) $7 (C) $8 (D) $10 (E) $11 WHEN SHRUGGING.

TRY PLUGGING . then what is c ? (A) $5 (B) $7 (C) $8 (D) $10 (E) $11 Plug in Answers when you are asked to find the value of a variable and there are numbers in the answer choices.Multiple-Choice A ticket to a baseball game costs c dollars. If the total the five friends spent was $55. Five friends buy tickets for the game. and they each buy a hot dog for $3. WHEN SHRUGGING.

TRY PLUGGING .Multiple-Choice A ticket to a baseball game costs c dollars. If the total the five friends spent was $55. Five friends buy tickets for the game. then what is c ? (A) $5 (B) $7 (C) $8 (D) $10 (E) $11 (5 tickets × $8) + (5 hot dogs × $3) = $55 WHEN SHRUGGING. and they each buy a hot dog for $3.

especially when you aren’t sure how to begin. WHEN SHRUGGING. then what is c ? (A) $5 (B) $7 (C) $8 (D) $10 (E) $11 We also could have used algebra. TRY PLUGGING . If the total the five friends spent was $55. and they each buy a hot dog for $3. Five friends buy tickets for the game.Multiple-Choice A ticket to a baseball game costs c dollars. 5c + 5(3) = 55 5c + 15= 55 5c = 40 c=8 ALWAYS REMEMBER Plugging in Answers is often safer than algebra.

Recap .

TRY PLUGGING .Recap Plug in ANSWERS if you’re trying to find the value of a variable. Make sure to obey the variable rules! Use a “Goal Number” when you can! WHEN SHRUGGING. Plug in NUMBERS if you see variables in the answers.

” you need to Re-PIN. WHEN SHRUGGING. you must test all five answer choices. When you see the phrase “in terms of” you can always plug in for that variable. you can almost always plug in the answer choices! When Plugging in Answers. stop once you find a value that works. TRY PLUGGING . When 2 answer choices yield the “Goal Number. Use parentheses when entering negative numbers in a calculator If you’re looking for the value of a variable.Recap ALWAYS REMEMBER ALWAYS REMEMBER ALWAYS REMEMBER ALWAYS REMEMBER ALWAYS REMEMBER ALWAYS REMEMBER When Plugging in Numbers to find a Goal Number. It’s possible more than one will yield the Goal Number.

What’s next? Do your CORE WORK From your homepage. . click the links under “Core Homework” to complete your assignments.

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot useful- SAT Physics
- SAT II Physics
- New SAT Math Workbook
- 17606135SAT MATH prep
- SAT II Success Physics
- 28 Advanced SAT Math Lessons
- Instructions to Complete Distance Assessments
- Lesson 1 - Intro to SAT
- 00 Module 1 Assignment 1 Reading Comprehension 2013-14
- Marketing Research OLD
- IIT Advance Paper 1 MockTest 2013
- Objective Test
- 2010-G7 KEY
- QE PREP 1
- FCE Techniques
- Syllabus Class VI
- Class Ix and x Comm Summ II Sqp
- 7- 120 TOP Electrolysis and Storage of Batteries - Electrical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions and Answers _ MCQs Preparation for Engineering Competitive Exams
- Creating a Placement Test
- Math lesson 7_2
- Mpd Assessment and Rating
- Partial Differential Equations Assignment #1 solutions
- Registration Form o a as a2 Oct Nov 2013 3
- Advanced Math Syllabus
- criminal2014.docx
- Taxation 2014
- TKT Unit 17 Assessment
- Fraction, Decimal, Pecent Conversion Percent of a Quantity Test
- Fomc 19811006 g Bpt 219810930
- New PRINCE2 Practitioner Exam
- SAT Math 1 Notes