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Discussion Text

Posted on August 23, 2011by puguhyulianto

What is Discussion?

1. 1. Definition of Discussion

Discussion is a text which present a problematic discourse. This problem will be discussed from
different viewpoints. Discussion is commonly found in philosophical, historic, and social text.

1. 2. Generic Structure of Discussion

 Statement of issue; stating the issue which is to discussed

 List of supporting points; presenting the point in in supporting the presented issue

 List of contrastive point; presenting other points which disagree to the supporting point

 Recommendation; stating the writer’ recommendation of the discourse

1. 3. Language Feature of Discussion

 Introducing category or generic participant

 Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc

 Using additive, contrastive, and causal connection; similarly, on the hand, however, etc

 Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc

 Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc

1. 4. Examples and structures of the text

Homework

Issue I have been wondering if homework is necessary.

I think we should have homework because it helps us to learn and


revise our work.
Statement
of issue Homework helps people who aren’t very smart to remember what
and they have learned. Homework is really good because it helps with our
Preview education.

Statement But, many times, doing homework is not a great idea. I think we
of various shouldn’t have homework because I like to go out after school to a
viewpoints restaurant or the movies. Sometimes homework is boring and not
important.

I think homework is bad because I like to play and discuss things with
my family.

Example of Discussion Text

1. A. Example of Discussion Text on Nuclear Power

The Advantage and Disadvantage of Nuclear Power

Nuclear power is generated by using uranium which is a metal mined in various part of the world.
The first large scale of nuclear power station was opened at Calder Hall in Cumbria, England in 1956.

Some military ships and submarines have nuclear power plant for engine. Nuclear power produces
around 11% of the world’s energy needed, and produces huge amounts of energy. It cause no
pollution as we would get when burning fossil fuels. The advantages of nuclear plant are as follow:

 It costs about the same coal, so it is not expansive to make.

 It does not produce smoke or carbon dioxide, so it does not contribute to the greenhouse
effect.

 It produces huge amounts of energy from small amount of uranium.

 It produces small amount of waste.

 It is reliable.

On the other hand, nuclear power is very, very dangerous. It must be sealed up and buried for many
years to allow the radioactivity to die away. Furthermore, although it is reliable, a lot of money has
to be spent on safety because if it does go wrong, a nuclear accident ca be a major accident.

People are increasingly concerned about this matter. In the 1990’s nuclear power was the fastest
growing source of power in many parts of the world.

Note on the Generic Structure of Discussion Text

Discussion is a process to find the meet point between two different ideas. It is important to to get
the understanding between the two differences. In many social activities, discussion is the effective
way to calm down any friction and difference in thought, perception and recommendation.

This example of discussion text present the two poles, between the advantage and disadvantage of
using nuclear plant to fulfill the energy needed. It is a case which need to be talked and discussed
from two points. They are represented in the generic structure which is used:
Stating the Issue: In the first paragraph, it is stated that using nuclear power can be the choice in
fulfilling the needed energy.

Supporting Point: In the second paragraph, it is presented the advantages of nuclear power plant to
be used as the source of the world’s energy needed

Contrastive Point: The third paragraph shows the balance. It gives the contradictory idea in using
nuclear power plant as the resource of energy.

Recommendation: This text is ended with a similar recommendation on how people should concern
in the matter of nuclear energy.

1. B. Hunting Fox

Foxhunting is a subject that provokes very strong feelings. Many people believe that it is cruel to
hunt a fox with dogs and totally agree with its ban.

Many farmer and even conservationists, however, have always argue that the fox is a pest which
attacks livestock and must be controlled.

(Taken from: www.bbc.co.uk)

Generic Structure Analysis

Stating the issue; hunting fox.

Supporting point; farmers and conservationists agree to hunt fox because they attack livestok.

Contrastive point; many people disagree hunting fox with dog because it is cruel.

Recommendation; Do not be cruel in hunting fox just control it in safe way.

Language Feature Analysis

Introducing category participant; farmer, conservationists.

Using thinking verb; believe.

Using connectives;

Using modalities; must, always