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INFINITIVES AND GERUND ( ...

ing form)

A == INFINITIVE WITH TO
1.) After the verbs:

Want, decide, determine, learn, refuse, try, attempt, fail, hope, plan, agree, advise,
ask, dare, encourage, expect, desire, promise, need, swear, propose, manage, use (in the
past), wish, hesitate, allow.........

2.) To express purpose:

I came to see you.

He went to London to study English.

3.) After nouns and adjectives:


+ expressões:
She was pleased to see them again.
I have nothing to do.
I have got some work to do.
She has everything to lose.
It was good to come home.
We have something to say.
It is too hot to go out.

Have you got enough money to go to the theatre?

4.) After the phrases:

The first, the second, the last, the only.....

Ex.: She was the only one to survive the crash.

B == INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO
5.) After the verbs: Notice: Concerning point 5 it is also possible
to use the gerund with the verbs see, watch,
make, let, see, watch, hear, feel hear, feel.

6.) After the modal verbs:

*will/would * must * need

*shall/should *can/could *may/might

7.) After the phrases:

would rather, had better

C ==The use of the GERUND


8.) After the verbs:

love, hate, dislike, miss, finish, stop, enjoy, prevent, avoid, consider, excuse, suggest,
forgive, deny, detest, dread, fancy, imagine, mind, feel like, give up, care for, be worth, be
used to ........

9.)After certain idioms:

1
can’t stand, can’t bear, it’s no good.............

10.) After prepositions:

about, of, to, after, before, with, without, in, for .................

11.) Subject of sentences:

Smoking makes me feel sick:

Refusing invitations is not always easy.

D ==Verbs followed either by an INFINITIVE with to or a GERUND

Begin, start, cease, continue, intend, regret, like, love, prefer, remember.......

Infinitive or Gerund ?

Exercises:

1) I expect Jane _______________ (come).


2) He is too young _______________ (smoke).
3) I saw him _______________ (arrive).
4) They made me _______________ (stay) at home yesterday.
5) I dislike _______________ (get up) early in the morning.
6) Do you prefer_______________ (travel) by plane or by ship?
7) I started_______________ (work) here five years ago.
8) There is a lot of housework_______________ (do).
9) Who wants _______________ (eat) something?
10) I was delighted_______________ (hear) the news.
11) I’ve got some books_______________ (read).
12) (Swim) _______________ everyday is a good way
of_______________ (keep) fit.
13) I hate _______________ (write) “thank you” letters.
14) He has some shopping _______________ (do).
15) He gave up_______________ (drive) after a bad accident.
16) I miss_______________ (be) able to win that prize.
17) He has nothing _______________ (say).
18) It is too cold_______________ (eat) outside.
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19) I felt the animal _______________ (move).
20) The policeman made me_______________ (empty) my pockets.
21) I heard them _______________ (leave) at eleven o’clock.
22) They let me _______________ (phone) my lawyer.
23) It was very kind of you _______________ (visit) Jane in hospital.
24) We watched her_______________ (go out) of the car.
25) We hope_______________(contact) all the manufactures in Great
Britain.
26) (Windsurf) _______________ properly is very difficult.
27) We love _______________ (have) parties.
28) They decided _______________ (not wait) for the bus.
29) I am tired of _______________ (come) to work everyday.
30) He moved to London _______________ (find) a job.
31) I think it’s time_______________ (stop) _______________ (play)
football.
32) What time will you finish_______________ (study) today.
33) That was a stupid thing _______________ (do).
34) The managing director will_______________ (meet) them.
35) He must_______________ (stay) at home tonight.
36) This is used for _______________ (cut) metal.
37) He is interested in _______________ (hear) more about their offer.