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Craft Beer & Brewing Magazine®







The United States Of

» Secrets of Great IPA Brewers from

across the Country: New England,
SoCal, the Midwest, PNW, and More!
» Brew Better IPAs: Yeast & Water Tips
February - March 2016 |

» IPA Freshness: Is It Overrated?

Cook With Sour Beer: 5 Delicious Recipes
In The Cellar: Don’t Age These Beers!
At Grandstand, we understand that every craft beer deserves a proper presentation. Experience the range of
glassware crafted to honor your IPA, every day – from European Pasabahçe, Rastal and Spiegelau to U.S.
glassmakers including Libbey, Arc, and more. Always printed perfectly with your brand – at



The United States of IPA
It’s been two years since we last turned
our focus to the most popular craft-beer
style in America, and in that short time,
the landscape has grown increasingly di-
verse. Join us as we explore that diversity.
58 | The IPAs of California
The bright, bitter, and aromatic India
pale ales of California sparked an
infatuation with hops that emanated
across the craft-beer landscape and
developed into the modern IPA style.
61 | The IPAs of the
Pacific Northwest
We asked the brewers at Fremont
Brewing, pFriem Family Brewers,
The Commons Brewery, Boneyard
Beer, and Block 15 whether they con-
sider “Northwest-style” IPA its own
subcategory of the IPA family. Here’s

The United States Of what they had to say.
64 | The Middle Way:
Midwest IPAs
When it comes to making IPAs in the
Midwest, today’s brewers are marrying
Old-World tradition with New-World
ingredients for a richer, fuller flavor.
67 | The IPAs of New England
Page 57 New England IPAs are big beers,
there is a definitive haze to the beer,
and brewers embrace the big bold
hops flavors rather than the bitterness
of the India pale ales of the past.
70 | Hops Aroma: Uncharted Waters
Researchers recently have begun to
unravel the mystery of hops aroma,
but many unknowns remain.
74 | How to Brew Your Best IPA Ever
If you’re ready to take your IPA to the
67 78 next level, and maybe even win an
award along the way, use these tips
to improve your odds of making the
final round.
78 | Water: The Overlooked Essential
Water is to most IPA drinkers as
Arrested Development’s Ann Veal is to
Michael Bluth. And yet, water is essen-
tial to every IPA—every beer, in fact.
81 | Yeast: A Force behind IPA 2.0
Today’s most creative craft brewers
know how to select yeast strains that
don’t just ferment maltose, but also
dance alongside hops that are at once
tropical, citrusy, earthy, piney, and floral.
85 | IPA Reviews

11 | Stats, Books, Beerslanging,
and Whalez Bro
18 | Choice Beer Gear
(Sponsored Content)
20 | Love Handles
22 | Beercation: The Twin Cities
30 | Casey Brewing & Blending
36 | Trillium Brewing Company
PICK SIX 30 22
42 | From Grain to Glass
The beers that John Mallett, Bell’s
Brewery Director of Operations,
prizes most are beers that showcase
a true and honest expression of the
ingredients themselves, whether that’s
malt-forward beers that taste like

lambics that showcase the interplay

of yeast, bacteria, fruit, and wort, or
hoppy beers that convey the care with
which the hops are selected.
46 | A Taste for Sour
The -
ty, and acidity makes sour beers
ideal partners in the kitchen. These
recipes explore and demonstrate that
range in everything from appetizers
to dessert. 36
46 14
52 | Don’t Age These Beers!
When determining whether to age or
not to age a beer, watch out for these
four cellar no-nos.
6 | Index to IPA Recipes
108 | Ask the Experts: Whirlpooling
113 | CB&B Marketplace
116 | CB&B Retail Shop Directory
120 | Chill Plate
Craft Beer & Brewing Magazine® (print ISSN 2334-119X; online ISSN 2334-1203) is published bimonthly in February, April, June,
August, October, and December for $29.99 per year (six issues) by Unfiltered Media Group, LLC at 214 S. College Ave., Ste 3, Fort
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Alpha IPA
Block 15 Brewing Owner Nick Arzner
Page 63

Dead President Double IPA

Columbus Brewing Owner & Brewmaster Eric
Page 65

Less Thinking IPA

Half Acre Brewmaster Matt Gallagher
Page 66

Double Sunshine IPA

Lawson’s Finest Liquids
Page 68

Ben’s Double IPA

Wormtown Brewmaster Ben Roesch
Page 69


Bees American Wild Ale
Trillium Brewing
Page 38



Tara Nurin is a nationally John Verive is a Emily Hutto is a Tom Wilmes is a Norman Miller has been Stan Hieronymus has
published freelance Southern California Colorado-born travel beer drinker with a writing the “Beer Nut” been writing about beer
journalist and beer col- native and freelance writer with an affinity for writing habit. A former column and blog for the for more than twenty
umnist and a Cicerone writer dedicated to fermented beverages. Boulderite and Daily MetroWest Daily News in years, including three
Certified Beer Server. growing the craft-beer She’s the author of Camera beer columnist, Framingham, Massa- books popular with
She runs Beer for Babes, scene in L.A. He’s the Colorado’s Top Brewers he now calls Lexington, chusetts, and the Gate- homebrewers—For the
New Jersey’s original founder of Beer of and a contributor at Kentucky, home. His beer house Media family of Love of Hops, Brew Like
beer appreciation group Tomorrow (BeerofTo many craft-beer and fridge is usually stocked newspapers, since 2006. a Monk, and Brewing
for women, and serves and the food-centric publications. with a wide variety of He has also authored With Wheat.
as publicity director for editor of Beer Paper Find her ethnography at local craft brews. two books: Boston Beer:
the Pink Boots Society. LA (a monthly print A History of Brewing in
She leads tasting and newspaper). He covers the Hub and Beer Lover’s
pairing workshops the beer beat for the New England.
through her company, Los Angeles Times and
Ferment Your Event. is a certified cicerone.

Editorial Director Jamie Bogner

Managing Editor Trish Faubion
Editorial Consigliere Stephen Koenig
Contributing Editor Emily Hutto
Writers Patrick Dawson, Stan Hieronymus, Tom
Wilmes, Tara Nurin, Norman Miller, John Verive,
Dave Carpenter
Photographers Matt Graves (,
Christopher Cina
Illustrators Ansis Purins

Tasting Panel Cy Bevenger, Kyle Byerly,

Taylor Caron, Dave Carpenter, Jesse Clark, Patrick
Dawson, Neil Fisher, Jester Goldman, Janna Kregoski,
Ted Manahan, Greg Simonds, Anne Simpson
Brew Lab Advisor Chris Kregoski

Publisher John Bolton

Sales Director Mary KinCannon
Everyone has an opinion about IPAs. It’s unavoidable, given Sales Manager Alex Johnson
the dominating market share that the IPA style commands. But FOR MEDIA SALES INQUIRIES, please call 888.875.8708 x2 or
the beautiful thing about the style is its ubiquity—nearly every email
brewer in the United States brews one (homebrewer or profes-
sional brewer), and the range of expressions contained within this Retail Sales Manager Rachel Szado
singular style is really and truly unprecedented. RETAILERS: If you are interested in selling Craft Beer &
This diversity within the style became immediately apparent to us Brewing Magazine® in your shop or brewery please contact us at or 888-875-8708 x705.
when we started this issue. Our first issue (a mere twenty months
ago, if you can remember back that far) focused on the IPA style, yet Digital Media & Marketing Director Haydn Strauss
it feels worlds apart from where the IPA style is today. Then, we were Marketing & Social Media Austin Grippin
still enamored with brewers who were competing to make more and
more bitter beers. Now, the tide has turned, flavor hops reign su- Find us:
preme, and the new direction is to see how far back one can dial the Web:
bitterness while saturating the beer in hazy, unfiltered, fruit-forward Twitter: @craftbeerbrew
hops goodness. Instagram: craftbeerbrew
We’re excited by this shift, by the way, and we’re even more excited by Pinterest:
the growing understanding among brewers and drinkers that the term Editorial and sales office:
“hoppy” means so much more than “bitter.” This reductive definition 214 S. College Ave, #3, Fort Collins, CO 80524
is one we can’t abandon quickly enough. Thankfully, talented brewers 888.875.8708
are making the case for hoppy meaning flavorful, fruity, citrusy, trop- Subscription Inquiries:
Craft Beer and Brewing Magazine
ical, and earthy, and with so many stellar examples of hops driving gor- PO Box 681, Stow, MA 01775
geous flavors in IPAs, it’s only a matter of time before the association
with bitterness alone is gone. 888-875-8708 x0
Regardless whether you brew beer yourself or just love drinking Customer Service:
the best of it, there’s something in this issue for you. Whether it’s or
888-875-8708 x0
our exhaustive package on regional IPA specialization with stories by
John Verive (page 58), Emily Hutto (page 61), Tom Wilmes (page 64),
We invite previously unpublished manuscripts and materials,
and Norman Miller (page 67); Dave Carpenter’s stories on brewing but Unfiltered Media Group, LLC accepts no responsibility for
unsolicited manuscripts and other materials submitted for
IPAs (starting on page 74); or Stan Hieronymus’s story on hops oils review. The editorial team reserves the right to edit or modify
(page 70), our in-depth coverage explores every aspect of what IPA is any material submitted.

right now in 2016. Contents copyright © 2016 Unfiltered Media Group, LLC, All
rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced
If IPAs aren’t your thing, take a look at how Colorado brewer Troy in whole or in part in print or electronically without the written
consent of Unfiltered Media Group, LLC. All items submitted
Casey pushes the boundary of fruit beer (page 30) or explore Bell’s to Craft Beer & Brewing Magazine® become the sole property of
Unfiltered Media Group, LLC. The opinions and claims of the
Brewery Director of Operations John Mallett’s specially selected six- contributors and advertisers in Craft Beer & Brewing Magazine®
pack—hint, it’s not all malty beer (page 42). are not necessarily those of the Publisher or Unfiltered Media
Group, LLC. Printed in the U.S.A.
Whether you’re a fanatical hophead, stovetop brewer, or all-grain
enthusiast, we hope you enjoy this issue. We made it for you.
Craft Beer & Brewing Magazine® is published by

John, Jamie & Steve Media Group, LLC

Cofounders Cofounder & CEO John P. Bolton, Esq.

Craft Beer & Brewing Magazine® Unfiltered
Cofounder & CCO Jamie Bogner
Cofounder Group,Koenig


The Elements of Style.
Collect the entire Brewing Elements series
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Find Five Star Products At Your Local Homebrew Store





(28,858 acres) Hops It wouldn’t be beer without hops, and
the United States is the second largest
producer, worldwide, of these precious
green cones that give so much flavor
Idaho to beer. There’s a monumental shift
Oregon (3,743 acres)
(5,410 acres) underway in the type of hops grown, as
0 hops varieties with higher alpha acids
(responsible for bittering) replace lower
alpha bittering hops (it’s more efficient
that way, after all), and fruit-forward
flavor hops such as Citra, Simcoe, and
The Source of Mosaic in high demand from brewers
U.S. Grown Hops are planted as fast as growers can get
(2014, in acres of hops planted) them in the ground.
Data source: U.S. Hop Growers Association

Note: Hops were reported as commercially grown in 16 total states in 2014; howevever,
the production of the other 13 states is too small to visually chart.
Co nd Z

The Explosion
lum eu


bu s (2


of U.S. Grown

s, T 2.8

op %)

Flavor Hops ial


(2010–2014, in millions of Ce
pounds yield)

8M Nugget (4.5
%) Major Hops
Varieties Cascade (16.6%)
Simcoe (4
Grown in the
U.S. (2014)
7.6 Br
m it ( av
m 2.8
Su %)



% )




All Other (18.8%)







Simcoe Citra
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014



Beer Pairing &

Cooking Books!
Beer and food is a hot topic in the publishing world. Here’s a quick TRENDING ONLINE
rundown of our recent favorites. By Jamie Bogner
The Best Beer &
Brewing Content

On The Web
There might be no better authority on beer and pairing in
the world than Julia Herz, and this book with coauthor Gwen
Conley is the most thorough, in-depth exploration of the topic
we’ve seen. From the deep dive into the sensory mechanisms of We’re adding more of our great magazine
the nervous system to personal recommedations from leading content to the
brewers and foodies to a style-by-style guide to pairing sugges- website, letting you read and share stories
tions, Beer Pairing covers all the bases and then some. A library through social channels. You’ll also find great
essential for anyone interested in pairing. content such as technique articles to help
you make your best beer, unique and tested
original beer recipes, revolutionary online
craft-beer and brewing education, plus a
CRAFT BEER & BREWING, 2016 free eNewsletter that will deliver free tips,
techniques, news, and special offers. Here are
Indulge us in a moment of shameless self-promotion, but if you a few of the most popular stories on
enjoy the Cooking with Beer section in every issue of this very
magazine, you will love the book we’ve compiled from these
recipes. We’ve taken yours and our favorite recipes, conve- Top Stories
niently organized them by type of dish, and printed them on
beautiful heavyweight paper in a book that you can use for 21 Stouts to Welcome Winter
years to come. If the recipes you’ve clipped from the magazine Stout season is year-round for many of us and
are getting dog-eared in your recipe binder, this book is for you. we’ll take any excuse to enjoy one of our favorite
styles. Since the weather is taking a turn toward
a season I typically dislike, the consolation prize
THE BEER & FOOD COMPANION is the release of roasty, chocolaty goodness.
BY STEPHEN BEAUMONT, JACQUI SMALL, 2015 Don’t even try to argue when stout season “of-
ficially starts”; I don’t care. Give me one of these
Less theoretical than other guides, the latest from Stephen
twenty-one stouts to welcome winter.
Beaumont is a worldwide celebration of the flavors of beer and
how they work in and with food. He pulls on a deep knowledge of BrewTest:ElectricAll-in-OneBrewingSystems
beer, brewers, and cuisine across the globe, and the breadth of the An electric revolution is underway in the brew-
book is impressive—from beer styles to pairing history around ing world, with small, efficient systems at ac-
the world to handy reference charts plus 70+ pages of beautifully cessible price points attracting more and more
photographed recipes using beer. While it’s a bit UK-centric in the brewers. How do these competing systems
approach to beer brands, the experience is universal. stack up? We took four systems into our brew
lab and put them to the test to help you decide
whether an electric turnkey system is for you.
BEER, FOOD, AND FLAVOR Homebrewing Techniques
This expanded and updated version of the 2012 book digs into Barrel Aging for Homebrewers
food and beer from a chef’s perspective—science takes a back Barrel aging opens up a wide range of flavors
seat to sensory in this dive into the mind of a professional chef, to patient homebrewers. From how to source
and the 40-page chapter on pairing beer with cheese is one of barrels to aging on fruit, award-winning
the more extensive we’ve ever seen. There’s definitely some filler homebrewer Neil Fisher offers these helpful
content in there to stretch to 338 pages, but the exploration of tips to get you started barrel aging your beer.
the intimate ways a chef thinks about flavor in food and beer is
worth the price of admission. Top Recipe
Copper Kettle Mexican Chocolate Stout
Mexican Chocolate Stout was one of the first
THE CRAFT BEER KITCHEN beers that Copper Kettle Brewing Company
BY COOPER BRUNK, CRAFT BEER & BREWING, 2015 brewed after it opened in Denver, Colorado, in
When Cooper Brunk first sent us this book to consider, we were 2011. The beer won gold the same year at the
taken aback by his creative, elevated approach to cooking with Great American Beer Festival (GABF) in the Herb
beer that he refers to as “haute beer.” Not content with the same and Spice Beer category. According to owner

old standard recipes, Brunk finds ways to pull creative and and head brewer, Jeremy Gobien, Mexican
complementary flavors out of the beer used in everything from Chocolate Stout is very sensitive to temperature,
crusted pork loin to artichoke tarts to pumpkin ale profiteroles. and warm storage can deteriorate the spice
It’s mouthwateringly styled and photographed by Christopher flavors. So keep it cold and drink it fresh!
Cina, and we often cook from it ourselves.



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Whalez, Bro. By Ansis Purins BEERSLANGING

for Beer
A quick and humorous key to
deciphering the slang terms
thrown around in the world of
Beer Geekdom.
>> Russian Roulette
A risky event involving beer that has a
50 percent chance or greater of being
totally skunked depending on how it’s
been cared for. Sometimes these beers
are world-class and sometimes they
taste like mammalian scent glands.
“Anybody want to play Russian Roulette
with this bottle of Fantome?”

>> Puritan
A craft-beer drinker who is dedicated to
maintaining a delusional perspective on
the “purity” of the craft beer-movement,
eschewing those who drink “corporate
beer.” From a puritan, you might hear,
“Lagunitas IPA used to be my favorite, but
I don’t drink it anymore since they sold
out to Heineken.”

Flavor of the Month, this is a beer that
shows up everywhere as soon as a
brewery introduces distribution into a
new territory. “When Ballast Point started
distributing here, Grapefruit Sculpin was
the FOTM.”

>> Nerfed
Term used to describe a bad change to a
brewer’s recipe, making the beer “softer”
or lesser than the original. “That IPA used
to be my favorite until they nerfed it by
changing the hops profile.”

>> Remoras
noun, pl.
Like the fish that clean the parasites
off of whales and other sea creatures,
remoras is used to describe the non-beer
geeks who you use to clean out the least
desirable beers in your refrigerator. “My
buddy came over and brought a couple
of remoras with him; I finally got rid of all
those amber ales.”

For many more picayune beer terms,

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Packing Beer:
How To Get It There Safely
Whether you’re sending your homebrew off to a competition, trading hard-to-find beer, or bringing it home from your latest
beercation, you want it to arrive in its absolute best condition. We’ve tried every method in the book for transporting beer,
and here are some of our tips for getting it there unscathed, at the right temperature, for the right price.

Styrofoam Shippers Spirited Shipper Pressed Pulp Wine Bubble Wrapped

(with Cardboard Cardboard Shippers Shippers (with Card- Bottles Packed with
Outer Boxes) 12 bottle shippers are $8.75 from board Outer Boxes) Paper or Peanuts
12 bottle shippers are $11.95 from (plus shipping) 12 bottle shippers are typically $6–$7 $17 for a 150-foot roll plus the cost of, or $16.40 from when purchased in bulk (plus shipping) an exterior shipping box
(plus shipping)

PROS: Readily available for single PROS: Lightweight; packs flat; PROS: Stackable; lightweight; PROS: Inexpensive; readily
unit purchase (no bulk quantity relatively inexpensive; reusable inexpensive; somewhat reusable available materials; adaptable to
required); insulates beer in ship- CONS: No insulation; no room in CONS: Loose fitting; require extra any bottle size
ping; foam absorbs impact well; shipper for extra padding packaging; no insulation; not CONS: More movement of bottles
reusable; waterproof EXPERT OPINION: These waterproof in the box, not waterproof without
CONS: Bulky; beer caps can chew shippers are fantastic for shipping EXPERT OPINION: One of the lots of tape; difficult to pack and
into styrofoam if not protected in warmer weather or when best uses we’ve found for these even more difficult to unpack
EXPERT OPINION: When ship- you’re shipping in bulk (they ship pressed pulp shippers is to stack EXPERT OPINION: Truthfully,
ping through delivery services, flat to you and you fold them into them and stuff the stack in your we prefer this method over
especially in winter, this is our shape Ikea-style, saving plenty on luggage, then use them inside your pressed pulp shippers, as each
method of choice. We wrap bottles shipping compared to bulky sty- suitcase on a return trip to protect bottle or can is protected from
with bubble wrap inside of the rofoam shippers). It’s a good idea your bottles. They’re inexpensive, impact and if a bottle or can
shipper to fill any void and prevent to stick to heavier weight bottles if and the fact that they fit together breaks or punctures, it doesn’t
movement of the bottle, then tape you’re using them—Belgian-style makes them easy to consolidate put the others at risk. Wrap each
around the styrofoam to seal it, heavyweight bottles can stand when shipping empty. For delivery bottle or can individuallly, then
and place that in a plastic garbage up to the stress of shipping more services, we prefer other methods tape them together so they don’t
bag to seal again. Then we place than thinner-walled 12oz and 22oz because bottles fit so loosely in- move independently, and place
that inside of the carboard outer bottles. We’ve had bottles break side of them, they aren’t insulated, that unit in a plastic bag to protect
box and seal. This method is not in these, but the failure rate is no and the paper pulp will fail if a from leaks in the event a bottle

foolproof—we’ve still had bottles better or worse than any other bottle breaks, putting all the rest of breaks. The recipient will have an
break or freeze when shipped method. your bottles at risk. adventure unpacking the box, but
this way—but it’s safer than the odds are your precious cargo will
alternatives when the package is arrive safely.
out of your hands..

A hoppy, very well attenuated India Pale Ale with a dry finish and brisk
hop aroma and flavor. Classic German ingredients and Magnum and
Sterling hops provide the flavor profile.

Award-winning Beer from the Last Frontier

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Beer Gear
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Taking the dry-bag concept one step farther,
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Beer bread is great, but beer You want the beer you brew to taste its best, so cooling it
bread poppers are even better. quickly after the boil is key. The counterflow chillers from
This mix from Boardwalk lets ExChilerator work faster than immersion chillers and are
you make the delicious rolls easier to clean than plate chillers, giving your beer the
with your favorite beer, and the advantage in the war against off flavors.
sky’s the limit when it comes to
adding your personal touch—
add jalapenos, cheese, etc.,

to make them your own.

Whether you’re a homebrewer or a commercial beer lover, odds
are that you’re not putting the same beer on tap twice. We all love
trying new things, so rather than locking yourself into one branded
tap handle, grab these chalkboard tap handles from Kegworks and
always know exactly what’s pouring from your taps.


Who wants to risk negative pressure pulling water from your airlock
back into your beer? Not when you use ventable bungs from Vin
Table. These silicon bungs use self-closing flaps to allow gas to
escape without letting anything in.


2XSMASH is our newest single malt
and single hop double India Pale Ale.
Mosaic hops are known for their
luxurious tropical citrus notes like
passionfruit and work absolutely
brilliantly with the richness of Special
Pale malt. At 8.1% abv, it’s a hit!

Available January
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The Grainfather is the first of its kind to offer an

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large grain bill capacity, sophisticated design and
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everything you need to perfect your craft beer, just the
way you like it.
Available online & through selected homebrew stores.

Sovereign The Hop Stop Bluejacket

Plainfield, Illinois Nashville, Tennessee Washington, D.C.

Sovereign curates Chicago and the Fanatical curation meets comfortable The capital’s commander-in-chief of
Midwest’s best beers for you and vibe in this Southern favorite. brewpubs.
serves up farm-fresh food in a friendly

What it is: Cool meets comfortable at this What it is: At first blush, this off-the- What it is: One of the nation’s most am-
suburban Chicago locale featuring twen- beaten-path locals’ joint is unassuming bitious brewpubs anchors Washington’s
ty-five stellar and rapidly rotating taps and inconspicuous. However, once you resurging Waterfront district. Bluejacket
(including two selections on cask), with snag a coveted seat at the bar, you’ll find is the brainchild of James Beard-nomi-
styles from around the globe made mostly one of the most thoughtful tap lists in the nated Beer Director Greg Engert and the
by Midwest brewers. Locally sourced city and a friendly staff that really knows restaurateurs behind D.C.’s world-class
farm-to-fork cuisine and serious cocktails its stuff. ChurchKey bar. Basically, this is what
complement the craft-beer program. Ace you get when the suits give one of the
servers smartly share key flavor profiles Why It’s Great: Beer Director Matt country’s fussiest, most knowledgeable
of the beers and help diners select a dish Miller has done a fantastic job with beer geeks free reign to develop his
from the kitchen to match. With a sooth- the list, which boasts more than thirty dream brewery. Inside a former Navy
ing décor of deep grays, rustic wood, and rotating taps focused on serving the very Yard munitions factory, three open levels
sleek tap handles inside and a lazy-day best beers available in Nashville and the of toys include a variety of fermentors,
summer patio outside, there is a place for cream-of-the-crop releases from local a coolship, and a barrel room. The fonts
everyone at Sovereign. breweries. With a great selection of big pour at different temperatures to ensure
dark beers, sour and tart beers, and re- each style has its ideal coolness.
Why It’s Great: The last time in, I sat freshing IPAs, these guys tap a new beer
at the bar enjoying a New Holland Blue almost every day. In addition to thought- Why It’s Great: The constantly rotating
Sunday Sour, malt-forward with dark ful and well-executed beer cocktails, they selection of twenty-five drafts—including
fruit and a seriously lingering sour finish. have a stellar bottle list, regularly stocking five cask ales—covers a wide range of
My server suggested pairing it with their world-class Belgian imports and local styles. None are boring. The dry-hopped
Beautiful Disaster, a Gruyère, Parme- Yazoo sours. Kölsch is as approachable to passing
san, and Brie grilled cheese with onion The bar itself is comfortable and wel- Nats fans as it is highly rated by tickers;
marmalade on rye. It was an outstanding coming with a thoughtful food menu, a meanwhile, there is typically a range
recommendation. I then opted for the room for darts, and a generally laid-back of funky farmhouse beers that vary in

Penrose Coffee Navette, a dark Belgian aesthetic. The staff’s knowledge of the acidity and ingredients—you might find a
coffee ale brewed with Intelligentsia beer list is fantastic and further separates strawberry-rhubarb Berliner Weisse, Brett
Tres Santos coffee. This lightly roasty, The Hop Stop from some other craft-beer IPA, or kumquat gose. Or all of the above.
bitter-yet-balanced offering is solid and bars around town. In two short years, The Clever pub grub ranges from pan-seared
is made even better by the care taken Hop Stop has established itself as one of cheese spaetzle to duck confit potpie.
to serve it right. This is one craft-beer the best watering holes in Nashville for Easy to reach via the Metro, it is inevitably
restaurant worth the trip. —Sara Dumford craft-beer lovers.—Stephen Koenig popular before and after Nats games, but
with 200+ seats, it’s also large enough to
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Opposite » Three scenes
from the new Surly Brewing
destination brewery include
communal tables in the beer
hall and the jaw dropping
modern exterior and land-
scaped property.

Hidden Gems
in the Midwest Since Minnesota legislators approved tasting-room pint sales three years
ago, the Minneapolis-St.Paul metro area has metamorphosed into an
under-the-radar gem, with fifty breweries scattered around town and
a bar/restaurant scene that supports them zealously. By Tara Nurin

LET’S BE HONEST. UNLESS YOU’RE more formal Brewer’s Table restaurant

a Minnesotan, Minneapolis and St. Paul and bar matures the brewery experience
probably don’t top your list of beer me- with à la carte seasonal dinner options, a
tropolises. But don’t let that keep you from four-course pairing meal, and a tasting of

MINNEAPOLIS- beercationing in these Twin Cities. You’ll

need to drive or Über/cab to get around
chocolate “five ways.”
Take an hour-long guided tour and you’ll
ST. PAUL because Minneapolis and St. Paul house
few walkable brewery clusters and some
learn fun facts: Founder Omar Ansari
convinced his Pakistani and German
BY THE NUMBERS of the cities’ seven Great American Beer parents to convert their abrasives factory

Festival (GABF) award winners lie outside into a brewery, and Todd Haug worked

easy train reach. Fuel up with cheese as a heavy-metal guitarist before joining
curds, the local finger food of choice, and Ansari as head brewer; they named their
start your tour. business “Surly” because their inability
to find good beer made them feel _____
Breweries (fill in the blank); the law that legalized

Your mission for day one, should you pint sales is nicknamed the “Surly Bill” to
choose to accept it: do not check into your credit Ansari and Haug for spearheading

hotel, do not pass go. Head directly to its lobbying efforts.

Surly Brewing. Walk off your food coma by strolling

Thanks to construction of Surly’s grand a mile to St. Paul’s cluster of brew-

and sunny “Destination Brewery,” you can eries, starting with Urban Growler,
easily spend your entire afternoon pairing where crowds support the state’s first

8-, 10-, or 16-ounce pours of twenty-three female-owned brewery by quaffing the

different beers with eclectic foods such as women’s Big Boot Rye IPA and CowBell
farro salad, smoked brisket, bone marrow, Cream Ale with the chef-created sal-

or South Asian chaat. Time your visit right, ad, sandwich, and burger menu. Bang

and you may stumble on Darkness R.I.S. or Brewing, a novelty housed in a corn crib,
Fiery Hell wood-aged lager with puya chiles. is practically next door, and Burning
The hall welcomes kids with a play Brothers and Lake Monster Brewing wait
area and a children’s menu. Upstairs, the nearby.



St. Paul also houses Minnesota’s oldest engraved with the Above » Enjoying a round
modern craft brewery. On most weekdays signatures of au- in the Indeed Brewing tap
room. Left » The outdoor
and Saturdays, you can spend 90 minutes thors and politicians patio at Fair State Brewing
touring Summit Brewing (with a reser- (ahem, Teddy Roo- Cooperative is a favorite
vation), then sampling the Extra Pale Ale, sevelt) who tippled hang for other Twin Cities
whose 1986 release helped pioneer the at the “club room”
country’s hoppy revolution. Or skip the tour of an old neighbor-
and come on Friday or Saturday for beers hood publishing company.
such as Great Northern Porter, Summit’s With northeast Minneapolis unofficially
second-oldest offering. During tasting room designated as the “Brewers’ District,” you
hours, Summit, like most local breweries, can walk from there to Bauhaus Brewlabs,
rotates food trucks through its lot. Sociable Ciderwerks, 612 Brew, and Dan-
For something more substantive, ride gerous Man, where an iron door gives away
Day Trips across the mighty Mississippi River to
some of the best brewpub food in the
the building’s history as a bank. Slightly
farther, Fulton Brewing grabbed national
Twin Cities. Northbound Smokehouse headlines last year for its HefeWheaties,
Try to squeeze in time for a two-hour
& Brewpub’s chef smokes meats on two brewed collaboratively with General Mills,
ride to destination-worthy Duluth for
tastings at two additional GABF med- industrial smokers, while two Seibel and kept up its profile with a subsequent

alists. Called “The Best Town Ever” by Institute graduates brew complementary GABF win for its Lonely Blonde En-
Outside Magazine, Duluth is making liquids they infuse with additions such as glish-style summer ale. According to Matty
news for its burgeoning shopping grapefruit and ginger every Tuesday. O’Reilly, who owns the craft-only bar Re-
and entertainment culture. Bent In northeast Minneapolis, Indeed public, no serious connoisseur should miss
Paddle Brewing is the city’s most
cherished beer export, while Fitger’s
Brewing habitually includes surprising the nearby Fair State Brewing Cooperative,
renovated 1885 brewery entices ingredients in their specialty and seasonal whose head brewer learned the trade at
visitors with its medal-winning beers, brews. Mexican Honey Imperial Lager Jester King in Texas. “If you go there any
three restaurants, two nightclubs, took silver at GABF 2014, and this past Monday or Tuesday night, the taproom is
and one inn. fall, the yammy Yama Jama Harvest Ale full of other brewers,” he says. “If I’m look-
Ninety-five miles southwest generated hearty buzz. Co-owner Rachel ing for really good beer, I want to be where
of the Twin Cities in New Ulm,
August Schell Brewing Co. stands
Anderson has built two gorgeous, über- the brewers are.”
as one of the nation’s last surviv- eco-friendly tasting rooms in the 100-year- You might say the same about Minneap-
ing nineteenth-century regional old Solar Arts Building, where visitors olis Town Hall Brewery, a brewpub where
breweries, now run by the sixth can wander through artists’ studios the you need more than two hands to count
generation of the Schell family. first Thursday of every month. Scope out the GABF medals and where plaza seating
Arrive early for a tour on Friday, five tables in the brewery’s main taproom: makes for great downtown people watch-
Saturday, or Sunday.
they are nineteenth-century wooden doors ing. Industry aficionados join suited-up




lawyers for Hope & King Scotch Ale and launch point for can’t-miss Steel Toe
other predominantly British styles. In a Brewing. Located just outside the Minne-
town where most breweries open after 3 apolis border in St. Louis Park, Steel Toe
p.m. on weekdays, it’s refreshing to start brews some beers that Michael Askew,
your day at 11 a.m. with a huge selection who publishes the nationally acclaimed
of lunch foods and a Grizzly’s Mexican A Perfect Pint blog from his home in the
Coffee made with tequila, vanilla liqueur, Twin Cities, calls “world-class.” “For the
and cinnamon. Midwest, the Twin Cities is a hops-centric
Town Hall’s owners run a trio of bars: market. We love the IPAs and IIPAs. Steel
the brewpub; Town Hall Tap, a burger Toe Size 7 is a standout,” he says.
joint with a mix of house and guest beers, In Stillwater, outside the city’s eastern
including four on cask and four on nitro; borders, Lift Bridge Brewing’s brewmas-
and Town Hall Lanes, a remodeled 1946 ter, Matt Hall, brings his experience as
bowling alley with ten lanes, the exclusive Firestone Walker’s production manager to
Town Hall Super Strike light lager, and his own wood-barrel aging program. Since
Top » Town Hall Lanes
mashes up great craft beer twenty-five house and guest taps. Bowling Lift Bridge’s 2014 expansion, Hall can also
with a remodeled 1946 Manager Matt Zastrow says, “You’ll see apply his chemistry and microbiology
bowling alley. Above » a lot of wood from the 1920s (when the degrees to overseeing a quality-control lab.
Town Hall Tap offers nostalgic
Minnesota brewing history
building was constructed). We put an
along with Town Hall’s own antique bar in and old tin tackers, beer Beer Bars and Restaurants
beer and a number of guest signs, and neons.” You can score Lift Bridge’s beers on
For more breakfast options, The Herkimer craft-only Republic’s 104 taps, indicating
Pub & Brewery in the Uptown neighbor- that Matty O’Reilly deems them worthy
hood opens at 10 a.m. daily for brunch. of his exactingly curated list. Though he
The Herk focuses on German styles and a devotes a whole section of his lineup to
few Belgians but switches things up with Minnesota IPAs and ciders, he won’t serve
such brews as a golden strong ale brewed local—or anything else—if it’s too widely

with citrusy Japanese yuzu fruit, an exotic available or not of the utmost quality. “Our
ingredient that Insight Brewing in northeast audience can trust we’re putting the best
Minneapolis puts into its Garden of the Hell out there for them,” he says.
Chicken pale ale. Herkimer owner Blake Republic dedicates a tap line to the
Richardson draws on his training as a sake kaleidoscope of Great Divide Yeti imperial
master for the Imperial Red Saison with stouts, claims the state’s largest draft craft
Koji, an inoculated sake rice. cider selection (twenty at last count), and
Uptown makes the most convenient pours cider flights with whiskey.


Homebrew Supply 1.888.654.5511

Whiskey lovers pilgrimage to James Beard- sive Belgian collection a goofily humorous
nominated Butcher & the Boar, the number adventure.
one Knob Creek Single Barrel account in
the world. Minnesota’s famous restaurant Other Fun Stuff
equally caters to beer connoisseurs with a You can buy anything sold by Northern
certified cicerone on staff and a year-round Brewer Homebrew Supply at its flagship
beer garden whose taps pour rarities such as store in Minneapolis. If the shop doesn’t
Odell Friek and Alaskan Smoked Porter. stock the experimental hops you want,
For a fun twist, JL Beers burger bar a company rep will deliver it for pickup
mixes up beer cocktails in 8-ounce flutes, within about an hour. Free weekend classes
serves craft sodas made by Schell and demonstrate homebrewing techniques on
Sprecher, and puts together five flights a top-tier, pimped-out Blichmann system.
with cute names such as MN Nice. Geeky types should drop in on a Better
Chasing down whales? At SW Craft Bar, Beer Society class or event. For $10 you
patrons can build their own flights of hard- can “audit” a session of a twelve-week
to-score labels such as AleSmith Evil Dead workshop that includes a speaker, panel,
Red, Stillwater Artisanal Debutante, and Evil and samples; or you can reserve a spot at
Twin James Beer. Muddy Pig, a pork-cen- one of their elaborate pairing dinners.
tric Mexicali bar whose tap list recently Take home a souvenir from The Beer
included Sam Adams Kosmic Mother Funk, Dabbler boutique, selling brewery and cus-
Leifman’s Fruitesse, and six options from tom shirts, glasses, tin tackers, tap handles,
Against the Grain, also comes through. artwork, and anything else you might need
to adorn your man or woman cave.
Bottle Shops You may want to save your accessory shop-
Top » Copper-clad brew If you read review sites, you’ll see Zipps ping for Sunday and stock up on bottles on
kettles at Summit Brewing. Liquors pretty much rules bottle buy- Saturday. Though state lawmakers started
Above » Zipps Liquors is a
favorite for beer hunters. ers’ hearts. Ask for the staff beer guru allowing Sunday growler sales in Minneap-
(Shaughn McCurdy, as of press time) for olis, St. Paul, and Duluth last year, they still

help navigating 1,500 beers, lots of cider, bar liquor stores from opening on the day
and one of the state’s largest selections of they’d rather meet you in church. Luckily, a
organic and gluten-free selections. lot more politicos voted to let liquor stores
With 1,860 different beers, South Lin- open on Sundays than the previous time
dale Liquors claims the most variety in the they voted on the issue. So check back in
state, while owners at teensy Ale Jail make a year, there may be Sunday bottle sales …
shopping 200 single bottles and an exten- and, of course, more breweries.


Opposite » Troy Casey
stands among open-top pun-
cheons used for fermentation
in his Glenwood Springs,
Colorado, brewery.

Company Man
From their small outpost in the mountains of Colorado, Casey Brewing & growing region on Colorado’s Western
Blending is making waves with a focus on barrel-fermented, mixed-culture Slope, and has brewed using a variety
beers that celebrate heirloom fruit varieties from local growers. of heirloom fruits that aren’t necessarily
By Jamie Bogner grown on a large commercial scale.
“I’m starting to realize that people love
TROY CASEY NEVER WANTED TO Launching a new brewery is tough. But our fruit beers a lot, so I’m trying to capi-
open a brewery. The former head of the launching a niche brewery that brews only talize on all this fresh fruit that we’ve got
AC Golden (Coors) secret barrel program barrel-fermented mixed-culture beers going on,” says Casey.
loved working in his corner of the brew- (beers fermented not with a single Sac- “When I tell farmers how much I’m
ing giant and thought he would spend charomyces brewing yeast strain but with looking for—sixty pounds up to hundreds
his career there, as did his father before a culture of multiple strains that typically of pounds—most just laugh at me. Not
him. While his father, a brewing chemist, contain Brettanomyces and Lactobacillus) is too many people are doing that, but I’m
spent thirty-plus years honing the highly considerably tougher. Fermentation time finding the ones who are and taking them
automated process for creating the perfect stretches from weeks at a typical brewery all. What’s fun about [my focus on Colo-
light lager, Casey’s budding interest in to months with mixed-culture fermen- rado ingredients] is that it’s not as simple
funkier brewing methods—barrel aging tation. And after brewing and loading as getting a purée from the Northwest. It’s
and mixed-culture fermentation—ulti- up barrels for fermentation, there’s no talking to people, telling them my story
mately pulled him away from the corpo- guarantee a brewer will get something out while they tell me theirs, and connecting
rate side. of the barrel that tastes good. with them. Now farmers are talking to
“My then-girlfriend and now wife moved “The reason most brewers aren’t doing each other about me, and being able to
to Glenwood Springs [about 2.5 hours up what we’re doing is that you don’t have any- affect their businesses like that is pretty
in the mountains from Denver] for a great thing to fall back on [if a batch doesn’t work cool. Sometimes they don’t have an outlet
job. I’d make the drive up every weekend, out]. I’d only brewed my Saison recipe three for some of the varieties they grow, so me
and ended up falling in love with the times before starting this, and I got really coming in and taking 400–500 pounds is
Roaring Fork valley,” Casey says. “Even- lucky with my early batches,” says Casey. significant to a lot of these growers. It’s
tually the switch flipped, and I realized “When I first tasted the barrels of Oak pretty fun to see that mutual respect.”
I could start my own brewery. I always Theory [a golden sour], they tasted so bad Casey’s Fruit Stand beers are produced by
thought I’d be a company man at the big that I didn’t sleep for a week. Luckily, they adding fruit to fully fermented saison (that’s
brewery—I loved it there—but over time came around.” rested for 3–4 weeks before it gets fruit),
the culture changed and it wasn’t where I Adding another level of complexity to then allowing the active culture in the beer to
wanted to be. So we came to the conclu- the strategy is his focus on using only Col- referment the sugar from the fruit until the

sion to do it; I wrote up a business plan, orado-grown fruit. While many brewers beer again achieves the desired dryness.
took some small business classes, raised today use aseptic fruit purée from large “We don’t do anything special to the fruit.
money from friends and family, and was fruit packaging companies, Casey takes Friends and fans help me pick it, then we
scared shitless for the next year.” advantage of his proximity to the fruit just cut it up. It’s really cool and humbling.”



| 31

“Fruit Stand refermentation can be as

quick as 4 weeks from fruit addition to
packaging: 3 weeks on fruit, refermenta-
tion complete, then bottled next week,”
Casey says. “My idea is to get a lot of fruit
in and out pretty quickly.”
Change in the beer is rapid at this stage,
with big leaps in flavor and clarity in only
a few days.
“A week ago this Cherry Fruit Stand was
cloudy and turbid, but once fermentation
finished, everything rapidly settled out. We
don’t filter but we do use strainers to keep
fruit solids out. With 380 pounds of fruit
in a 600-liter barrel, it’s going to be tough
to get it all out. There’s always a lot of loss
through the fruit, but [this method] makes to get raspberries this year, or black-
the best beer so we’re okay with that loss. berries, but berries are tough to find in
With this much fruit, we’ll probably lose Colorado. I’m always calling farmers to
10–15 gallons of beer [to absorption by the like a [jarred] fruit preserve,” Casey says. introduce myself, telling them that if they
fruit]. It’s not insignificant, but it’s worth it.” With the fruit focus comes a new set grow any berries just freeze all they can,
One big point of experimentation with of challenges. When growing seasons in and I’ll buy every pound that they grow.”
Casey has been the quantity of fruit he Colorado don’t cooperate, fruit becomes By October 2015, when the last of that
adds to the beer. The Fruit Stand series more scarce. But successful crops mean year’s beers were put into tanks, Casey had
typically sees about pound and a half of new levels of excitement. used 7.5 tons of Colorado-grown fruit in his
fruit per gallon of beer, while the The Cut “We haven’t had a successful apricot beer for the year. That’s a big number for a
series, which is styled after more traditional crop in Colorado since 2012, so people brewery that’s open only one day per month
Belgian-style sour fruit beers, sees about are really excited about my apricot beers,” and requires a two and a half hour drive
three pounds of fruit per gallon to balance Casey says. “We’ve done a lot of cherries from Denver for most patrons. And while
the sour character. A newer series, the this year because cherries are pretty easy Casey has more fruit frozen away to ensure
Casey Family Preserves, takes the same to get in Colorado, but people always want some variety over the winter months, he’s
saison base as Fruit Stand and amps up the that new thing. Peach is something people also tuning in to the seasonal cycle and let-
fruit to two or three pounds per gallon. really like, and I’ve got a great barrel of ting that influence his brewing and process.
“Whereas Fruit Stand is supposed to be Oak Theory set aside for peaches. I’m In the summer, the cellar stays a consistent
a saison first and a fruit beer second, this looking forward to getting going again 74°F (23°C). In the winter, he heats it to 60°F
Preserves series is fruit-first and the base on plums—it’s been eight months since (16°C). For bottle conditioning, he uses a
beer is almost an afterthought—it’s truly we’ve done a plum beer. I’m really hoping room at 68°F (20°C).
“Right now, we’re brewing with tweaks
from learning a year ago. The seasonality
is very different. Brewing Saison in April
is faster than winter. When we started,
“What’s fun about [my focus on Colorado we had twenty barrels for our farmhouse
beers. We have sixty now. Growth is
ingredients] is that it’s not as simple as getting a intentionally slow, but making more helps
purée from the Northwest. It’s talking to people… mitigate the risk of not having something
to sell. So we can truly be putting out the
and connecting with them. Sometimes they best beer possible.”
don’t have an outlet for some of the varieties The brewing and experimentation pro-
cess has not been all smooth sailing. Early

they grow, so me coming in and taking 400–500 batches of Oak Theory had to be held
pounds is significant. It’s pretty fun to see that until the diacetyl faded. Thankfully, with
mixed-culture beers, Brettanomyces will
mutual respect.” —Troy Casey clean that up if you give it time. Blackber-



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CRAFT BEER you shop!| 33

Lim i te d-
Ed it io n
“I’m now at that point where I ask

Cra wing Be e myself ‘What would Vinnie do?’ If
Vinnie [Cilurzo, of Russian River

& Breh
Brewing] wouldn’t release it, we
hold onto longer.” —Troy Casey

Merc w at
On sale nora d
ry Cut also had to wait a bit for release, for the same reason.
“I’m now at that point where I ask myself ‘What would Vinnie
do?’ If Vinnie [Cilurzo, of Russian River Brewing] wouldn’t
release it, we hold onto it longer.”
When he launched the business, Troy’s original plan was to sell
as much beer at the brewery as possible, then sell the rest as close
to home as possible. These days, more than 50 percent of the beer
Casey makes is sold directly to customers on the one day per month
he opens. Thanks to large crowds, he has resorted to an advanced
ticketing method to ensure that those who make the trek from
Denver, Salt Lake City, Santa Fe, and the like, don’t go home empty
The limited nature of Casey’s beer has catapulted it into the
beer-trading market, which is a mixed blessing.
“When I was at AC Golden, I used to trade a lot—not trading
my beers, but trading other people’s beers. It’s fun—how else are
you going to get to try Tree House or Trillium or Hill Farmstead
or Russian River—there’s so much great beer around the country.
I encourage people to do that. But it gets frustrating when it goes
farther and people resell or raffle beer.”
“The only reason we’re talking about [reselling] is how personal
beer is. If it were anything else, that’s just how business works. If
it’s cars or shoes, the secondary market just is what it is. What’s
tough with beer is that brewers put so much time and energy
into it that we want consumers to buy it and enjoy it. When
someone else is selling it at a mark up, it just cheapens what
we’re trying to do.”

But the economy around the beer will always be second for Casey,
as his main love is focusing on the creative expression in his beer.
“My goal is to be the Indiana Jones of fruit and find that perfect


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Beautiful new foeders from

Foeder Crafters of America fill
the second level of Trillium’s
new Canton, Massachusetts,

The Persistent
Experimenter Jean-Claude Tetreault and his team at Boston’s tiny offer samples. It’s a sight that Cofounder
Trillium Brewing have brewed 125 beers in their first two and Brewmaster Jean-Claude Tetreault
and a half years. Although many are variations on their says he never imagined. “I’m still—I
core beers, they’re not just quick, throw-them-together don’t know if surprised is right—but I’m
type beers. And many are among the most sought-after amazed people show up and wait for any
beers brewed in the Northeast. By Norman Miller of the beers we make. [But] that’s why you
make beer—so people enjoy it.”
Trillium is a brewery that seemed to be
ON SATURDAY, IN THE Fort Point in planning forever. Tetreault and his wife
Channel neighborhood in Boston, it’s not and partner, Esther, found the location at
unusual to see a line of people outside 369 Congress Street, in 2010. But licensing

the Trillium Brewing Company. They’re issues kept pushing the opening of the
waiting for their opportunity to get the lat- brewery, first to 2011 then 2012, and finally,
est release—an IPA, a pale ale, a sour, or they opened the small brewery in 2013.
a porter—from this tiny Congress Street Even then, it wasn’t easy. The city of
brewery that does not distribute or even Boston would not let Trillium provide


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October-November 2015 | BEERANDBREWING.COM

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Don’t Miss a
Single Issue!
Subscribe now at Visit us online at
Bees American Wild Ale
This recipe from Trillium Brewing’s cofounder and brewmaster,
Jean-Claude Tetreault, uses New England malt and honey. To give
your version its own terroir, source your malt and honey locally.


Batch size: 5 gallons (19 liters)

Brewhouse efficiency: 65%
OG: 1.045
FG: 1.002
IBUs: 7
ABV: 5.6%

5.5 lb (2.5 kg) Valley Malt Pale Malt
2.5 lb (1.13 kg) Valley Malted Wheat
8 oz (227 g) Valley Crystal Wheat


0.25 oz (7 g) U.S. Goldings hops at 60 minutes
1 lb (454 g) local raw New England wildflower honey in the
fermentor at 4 weeks
8 oz (227 g) local raw New England honey for bottle priming

Cultured up bottle dregs of Trillium New England Native
Microbe Culture. samples of their beers—a routine practice for breweries, including
If Trillium doesn’t distribute in your area, try a commercial the other two breweries in Boston—the Harpoon Brewery and
mixed culture, or culture your own blend of backyard mystery Boston Beer Company. But Trillium persevered, and except for a
microbes. The results won’t be the same, but it’s the best you licensing snafu that forced their closure for about a month in 2014,
can do without the actual Trillium strains. they have been going strong. Tetreault and his team have brewed
Suggested commercial options include East Coast Yeast 125 beers in their first two and a half years. And, they’re not just
ECY01 BugFarm, ECY03 Farmhouse Blend, or ECY20 Bug- quick, throw-them-together type beers. As of the writing of this
County; The Yeast Bay Amalgamation, Mélange, or Funktown; article, Trillium had twenty-seven of the top 100 beers brewed in
White Labs WLP655 Belgian Sour Mix I; Wyeast 3278 Belgian Massachusetts, according to user reviews.
Lambic Blend or 3763 Roeselare Ale Blend. “A lot of those are variations on our core beers,” says Tetreault. “We
notice by changing a seemingly small aspect of one beer, it makes
DIRECTIONS for a very distinct final product.” For example, when brewing an es-
Single infusion mash the pale malt, malted wheat, and crystal tablished beer, such as the Fort Point Pale Ale, Tetreault says he likes
malt in 2.75 gallons (10.4 liters) of water to arrive at 154°F to experiment with different hops to see how they change the beer.
(68°C). Sparge with 170–175°F (77–79°C) water to collect 5.5–6 He says it’s more than just throwing hops into a beer all willy-nilly.
gallons (20.8–22.7 liters) of wort. Bring to a boil and boil for “There’s a lot of thought that goes into it,” says Tetreault. “It’s choos-
1 hour following the hops schedule. Cool to 68°F (20°C) and ing when and how and the correct temperatures. It’s a relatively de-
rack into a sanitized fermentor. Add the cultured microbes tailed process to decide when you choose to pull the trigger on when
and aerate. Ferment at 68°F (20°C) for two days, then let the you dry hop. It’s based on the experience we’ve gained over time.”
temperature rise to 75°F (24°C) for four weeks. At four weeks, That experience comes from the fact that they brew many different
add 1 pound (454 g) of honey. Ferment for an additional 4–8 beers because they brew such small batches of beer that it sells out
weeks at ambient temperature. When the gravity is stable at right away. “We sort of take a homebrewing approach in that you’re
1.000–1.0002, blend the 8 ounces (227 g) of honey with 8 almost making a different beer every time you brew,” he says.
ounces (227 g) 100°F (38°C) water to ensure good mixing Many of Trillium’s beers are hazy, something that Tetrault says
in bottling bucket. Bottle condition in heavy glass for 6–12 was not the original intention, but beer fans have really taken to
months. it. “A combination of yeast and technique makes them appear the
way they do,” he says.
BREWER’S NOTES Although Trillium (named for a flower that grows in temper-
To achieve a water chemistry of about 150 ppm Ca+ and a ate locations) brews many different styles, the brewery is best

balanced sulfate/chloride ratio, Tetreault adds 5g calcium chlo- known for its IPAs, which are among the most sought-after beers
ride and 5g calcium sulfate to the mash water. Add brewing brewed in the Northeast. They include a series of beers named
salts as needed to adjust your water chemistry. for surrounding streets (e.g., Congress Street IPA, Sleeper Street
IPA, and Melcher Street IPA) as well as the Uppercase IPA and
Mettle double IPA. Many of these have various versions brewed


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[Belgium]—I went there on a business

trip. It’s a truly special place. I’d say Alla-
gash Brewing [Maine] is a local example of
something I want to do.”
To achieve that vision, Trillium has
undergone a major change. At the end of
2015, Trillium opened a second brewery
at 110 Shawmut Road, Canton. The Fort
Point brewery’s retail area is only 350
square feet. The new brewery has 4,000
square feet. At the Canton location, they
will be able to brew more than three times
as much beer in their first year than they
can at the Fort Point location—going
from 2,500 barrels to 10,000+ barrels in
2016. The new brewery has the potential
to brew up to 35,000 barrels of beer a year.
The Canton location will brew all of
the currently popular beers as well as
other beers; that will free up Fort Point
for something Tetreault is really excited
about. “The Fort Point location is best
geared to small batch, barrel-aged stuff.
We’re going to make sure to invest in a
barrel program and a wild program.”
The original Trillium will have hundreds
of barrels to use to brew various wild and
other barrel-aged beers, and they will have
one of the larger barrel-aging programs in
all of New England, Tetreault says. “It was
impossible for us to do what we wanted—
it’s such a tiny little spot,” he says. “Before,
we’d put out a wild beer that took us two
with different hops. There is also the Fort years to brew, and it would be gone in an
Point Pale Ale that is hoppier than many hour and a half.”
packaged IPAs today. The two locations have different feels.
Also popular is Artaic, a quick-selling While the Boston brewery is tiny and
double IPA. “Artaic has really taken off tight with no samples and an in-and-out
“It was impossible for us for us,” says Tetreault. “It’s hopped with experience, the new location will have a
to do what we wanted— 100 percent Mosaic hops and brewed with
local wildflower honey, which really com-
large tasting room that has enough space
for private events. “The tasting room is
[the Fort Point location plements the Mosaic character.” open to the brewery, so you really get to
is] such a tiny little spot. Trillium does brew other popular beers,
including Night & Day, an imperial stout
hear and smell what a brewery is like,”
Tetreault says. There will also be samples
Before, we’d put out a brewed with a wort that is mashed twice and tours. The new location will also let
and brewed with locally roasted coffee, them begin distributing beer for the first
wild beer that took us and its sister beer—Day & Night, a barley- time—both bottles and draft.
two years to brew, and wine. Another popular beer is the Ston- Despite the attention drawn by the new
ington, a saison brewed with 100 percent Canton location, there are those who have
it would be gone in an New England malt and fermented with adopted Trillium as their neighborhood
hour and a half.” wild yeast captured from grapes where brewery in Boston and enjoy going there
Jean-Claude and Esther were married in every week to fill their growlers or get
—J. C. Tetrault 2009. The Pot & Kettle is a classic porter. their hands on the latest brewery release.
Given all of Trillium’s hoppy beers, “We’re not phasing out the Fort Point

some may be surprised by which brew- location,” says Tetreault. “We will supply
eries inspire Tetreault. “I always say Jolly ourselves from Canton, and hopefully
Pumpkin [Michigan]. That’s a true Amer- we’ll have more beer at Fort Point, and it’ll
ican farmhouse brewery. Their entire last longer. We’re going to continue to be a
portfolio is pretty incredible. Cantillon Boston brewery.”



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New Glarus
Brewing Co.

Octoberfest Beer




From Grain
Sierra Nevada Pale Ale
Sierra Nevada Brewing Company
(Chico, California)

To Glass
You don’t even need to say anything more
than the name. This beer is just technical-
ly awesome. Such a great focus on quality.
The people, the place, the beer, the intent,
the stewardship—all of it is right there.
The first time I had it was a long time
ago—it would have been in Boston where
Bell’s Brewery Director of Operations John Mallett is known for his precision,
I worked retail in a liquor store on Beacon
focus on process, and undying love of malt (he wrote the book on the subject). Hill. That beer came in—this was proba-
But the beers he prizes most are beers that showcase a true and honest expres- bly 1987—and it was bright. My memory
sion of the ingredients themselves, whether that’s malt-forward beers that taste is somewhat dim—I didn’t really know
like the fields of barley they come from, lambics that showcase the incredible what I was doing tasting beer back then.
interplay of yeast, bacteria, fruit, and wort, or hoppy beers that convey the care But in all the years since, if I’m out and
with which the hops themselves are selected. By Jamie Bogner I see that beer on, I always think, “That’s
going to be a good drinking beer.”
because I think probably every brewer in the Lagerbier Hell
world says Orval, but it’s a magnificent beer.” Augustiner Bräu
John Mallet is a consummate brewer’s (Munich, Germany)
brewer, and his focus on getting it right Augustiner Bräu is an old-school Munich
extends to the exact phrasing he uses to brewery, and the beer has just an incred-
describe beers. Throughout our conversa- ible malt presence. Crushable—it’s just
tion, he often backed up, rethought, and so easy drinking. I think about that beer
restated his opinion, so it expressed the as being transparent back to the farmer’s
exact sentiment he intended to convey. field, down to the barley used to make
This same attention to detail is evident in the malt. Those varieties are really old
the beer he brews at the legendary Bell’s varieties. And there’s something about
Brewery (Kalamazoo, Michigan), and it’s this beer that just pulls it together. Really
the same standard he seeks out in the nice hops and malt selections allow it to
beer he drinks. shine through the beer. It’s almost like the


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because he’s very humble, very smart, and

knows exactly what he wants to get out of
a beer. He knows how to make great beer.
A brewing-school friend of mine who
worked with Dan at one point mentioned
that if God had any questions about
brewing beer, God would call Dan. The
beer itself is malt-forward with herbal,
slightly spicy hops married with excellent
yeast aroma. You can tell that the yeast is
well-treated there. Happy yeast.

Saison Brett
Boulevard Brewing Company
(Kansas City, Missouri)
I would never have guessed that Kansas City
is located in the Belgian countryside, but a
quick taste of Saison Brett makes me think
that my geography is off. The dry, spritzy,
spicy, and phenolic attributes all work togeth-
er to make an amazingly well balanced and
distinctively drinkable beer. I once remarked
to Steven Pauwels (the mastermind behind
this awesome brew) that I don’t generally
like hops-forward, yeast-driven Belgian-style
brewer becomes invisible and the beer is a ibly closely linked, and that beer lights up ales; that the bitterness and phenols are in
reflection of the fields. that neural pathway for me. conflict and just don’t work well for me.
Of beers that are like it, I’d say that Like in Orval, the secret to this beer lies in
Schönramer or Keesmann Herren Pils— Odell IPA the contribution that Brettanomyces releases.
these are beers that are just beautiful, Odell Brewing Company In short, this beautiful beer is the nuanced
pure representations of German Agricul- (Fort Collins, Colorado) exception that proves the rule.
ture. I was in Bamberg a month or two I love the brilliant pop of hops. The hops
ago, and we spent a night in a bar there just scream forth, and they are forceful, Honorable Mention
drinking Herren Pils, and it was just… so and yet you can tell that they’re carefully Beers that were close but that just missed
good. I love that beer—it’s the beer I go chosen, so it’s quality over quantity, and my list include Brasserie de La Senne
back to Bamberg for. the quantity is considerable. The hops Taras Boulba (Brussels, Belgium). It’s so
But we’re talking about Augustiner. The notes are so bright. With hops, I taste the light, so refined—it just sings. And there
stewardship they have from contracting picking window—the time when the hops are some really phenomenal Weisse beers
with the same farmers to malting the bar- are harvested has a lot to do with the beer out there. If I had a little more room in
ley in the brewery all the way through to in the glass—and the hops for Odell IPA my six-pack, those would be next.
getting it to the pubs, that’s the “grain-to- are obviously well selected. The timing As I was thinking about this list, there
glass” that helps make that beer great. of the hops-picking window is evident in are a number of beers I would drink on
that beer. The malt is balanced— it’s not draft, but I can’t put them in a six-pack,
Drie Fonteinen the star, but you need that supporting cast. and I think of some of them as being very
Schaerbeekse Kriek The hops are the star, and it’s evident that ephemeral, like some of the British beers
Brouwerij Drie Fonteinen the malt bill itself marries well with the that you drink in a time and space where
(Beersel, Belgium) hops direction. Anyone can brew a hops it’s perfect, and yet you think, “This is great
Beer is such a complement to food, and I bomb. Balancing the malt is the non-obvi- right now, and I don’t know that it could
love to drink this one with food. The com- ous key to a fantastic IPA. ever be always this great.” You taste a level
bination of the fruit and the acidity—I’ve of freshness in that moment that’s very
had some really memorable meals where Staghorn Octoberfest yeast-driven, and as a brewer, I look at that
they’ve just sung together. As you drink New Glarus Brewing Company and think, “I know it’s going to change.
this beer, it has both a richness and also the (New Glarus, Wisconsin) I can’t transport this away from here. It’s
ability to clear the palate. It harmonizes so This style should be about malt, and this good tonight, and I need to drink it tonight
well with Flemish food, which I love. The beer is all about malt. Dan and Deb Carey so I’m going to drink a bunch of it tonight.”
beer is super solid, Armand is a great guy, have built a magnificent brewery that is Packaging great beer is really hard. Take
and when you pour it in the glass, it’s like really devoted to refining the brewer’s a British beer such as Timothy Taylor’s
magic. I’ve had a few memorable meals art to a very fine degree. Like many great Landlord—a really beautiful, estery, perfect
with great people in great conditions. I love brewers, Dan focuses on raw materi- kind of thing that’s all dependent on time
how Armand has such a turn of phrase, als—on the ingredients that provide the and place. But if you take Orval, that beer
where he’s describing the incredible artistry essence of the beer. Sourcing, brewing is changing in the bottle. And in many

that brewing a beer of that nature involves. execution, and attention to the minutiae ways, Orval gets better as it’s bottled. That
My experience of the beer is informed by of running the brewery come through in to me is genius. So because it’s changing
the experience of the company present. We that beer. He has an intense focus. It’s and that Brett character is coming up, it’s
know that aroma and memory are incred- a great pleasure to sit and talk with him changing in a positive way.


Good Beer
Begins with
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December 2015 - January 2016

Dial-In Your Home Kegerator
Cook with Beer
Beercation: Cincinnati


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single copies at
shop.beerand Visit us online at

Pork T-Bone with Tart

Rosemary Applesauce


Potted Smoked Trout


The wide range of flavor, intensity, and acidity makes sour beers
ideal partners in the kitchen, and these recipes explore and demonstrate that range
in everything from appetizers to dessert.
Recipes and Photography by Christopher Cina


Duck Prosciutto with Pork T-Bone with Tart Salt-Roasted Beet

Dried Fig Chutney Rosemary Applesauce Carpaccio with Sour
Beer Gastrique

Active preparation time: 30 minutes Active preparation time: 20 minutes Active preparation time: 30 minutes
Total time: 7 days Total time: 1 hour Total time: 2 hours
Serves: 6–8 Serves: 2 Serves: 3–4

3 cup kosher salt 1 Tbs garlic, minced 10–12 egg whites

2 Tbs fresh cracked black pepper ¼ cup (2 fl oz/59 ml) olive oil 6 cup kosher salt
2 Tbs dried oregano Two 10 oz (283 g) pork T-bones 2 large beets, trimmed and washed
1 Tbs crushed red pepper ½ cup walnuts
2 large duck breasts (Magret are best) 3 cup (24 fl oz/710 ml) sour beer 1 cup mascarpone cheese
1 cup (8 fl oz/237 ml) water 6 slices fresh baguette, toasted
Combine the first four ingredients. Pack ¼ cup sugar 1 Tbs capers
both duck breasts in this salt mixture, 1 bay leaf Freshly ground black pepper
cover, and refrigerate for 24 hours. 2 rosemary sprigs
Remove the duck breasts from the salt 6 Granny Smith apples, peeled, cored, and Preheat the oven to 425°F (218°C). Com-
and rinse them under cold water. Pat sliced bine the egg whites and salt and mix well.
dry and wrap in cheesecloth. Tie with Salt and pepper The mixture should resemble wet sand.
butcher’s twine and hang in a cool, dark Layer a thin amount of the salt mixture in
place for 6 full days (a refrigerator works In a resealable bag, combine the garlic the bottom of a baking dish with high sides.
well, too). and olive oil. Add the pork T-bones, seal Place the beets in the baking dish and cover
Remove the duck prosciutto from the the bag, and marinate for 30 minutes. with the remaining salt. Bake for 90 minutes.
cheesecloth, thinly slice it, and serve it While the pork marinates, combine the Combine the walnuts and mascarpone.
with Dried Fig Chutney. beer, water, sugar, bay leaf, and rosemary Remove the beets from the oven and let
in a medium saucepan and bring to a boil. them to cool to room temperature. Peel
Dried Fig Chutney Add the apple slices and cover with a lid. the beets, slice them thinly, and arrange
1½ cup (12 fl oz/355 ml) sour beer Simmer for 30–40 minutes, until the them on a plate. Slather the mascarpone
2 cup dried figs, sliced apples break apart. Drain the liquid, on the toasted baguette slices. Garnish the
½ cup sugar reserving ¼ cup (2 fl oz/59 ml) to adjust beets with the capers, black pepper, and
1 cinnamon stick the consistency of the sauce. Remove the Sour Beer Gastrique.
3 strips orange zest rosemary and bay leaf. Whisk the apple-
Freshly ground black pepper sauce until the apples are mashed tender. Sour Beer Gastrique
Preheat the grill to high. Remove the 2 Tbs shallots, minced
Combine the first five ingredients in a pork T-bones from the marinade and 2 cup (16 fl oz/473 ml) sour beer
medium saucepan and bring to a boil. grill them on high to your desired degree 2 Tbs (1 fl oz/30 ml) agave syrup
Reduce the heat to low and simmer for 20 of doneness (an internal temperature of 2 tsp champagne vinegar
minutes. Remove from the heat and allow 145°F/63°C for medium rare, 160°F/71°C Kosher salt
to cool to room temperature. for medium). Season to taste with salt and
Discard the orange zest and cinnamon pepper. Serve with the applesauce. In a small saucepan over medium heat,
stick. Season to taste with the black pep- combine the shallots, beer, agave syrup,
per. Refrigerate until ready to serve. Beer Suggestions: Russian River and vinegar. Bring to a boil, then reduce
Temptation (Santa Rosa, California), the heat and simmer until the mixture is
Beer Suggestions: Drie Fonteinen Oude Allagash Coolship Resurgam (Portland, reduced to a thick syrup. Remove from
Gueuze (Lembeek, Belgium), Cantillon Maine), The Rare Barrel Forces Unseen the heat, season lightly with salt, and cool
Classic Gueuze (Brussels, Belgium), (Berkeley, California) to room temperature for serving.
Lindemans Oude Gueuze Cuvée René
(Vlezenbeek, Belgium) Beer Suggestions: New Belgium La Folie
(Fort Collins, Colorado)


Duck Prosciutto with
Dried Fig Chutney


Chocolate Chile
Cherry Pot de Creme

Chocolate Chile
Cherry Pot de Creme

Active preparation time: 30 minutes

Total time: 2½ hours
Serves: 6

9 oz (255 g) semisweet chocolate chips

Salt-Roasted Beet Carpaccio ¼ tsp cayenne pepper
with Sour Beer Gastrique 1 cup (8 fl oz/237 ml) whole milk
½ cup (4 fl oz/118 ml) cherry lambic
1½ cup (12 fl oz/355 ml) heavy cream
8 egg yolks (reserve the egg whites for
another use)
½ lb (227 g/2 sticks) butter, very soft ¼ cup sugar
¼ cup capers, chopped ¼ tsp salt
¼ cup shallots, minced fine Confectioners’ sugar for garnish
¼ cup chives, minced fine Whipped cream for garnish
Fresh cracked black pepper Place the chocolate chips and cayenne
pepper in a stainless steel mixing bowl.
In a blender or food processor, puree Combine the milk, beer, cream, egg
the smoked trout, sour beer, and butter. yolks, sugar, and salt in a medium sauce-
Remove the mixture to a bowl and fold in pan over medium heat. Stirring con-
the capers, shallots, and chives. Season to stantly, cook until the mixture begins to
taste with salt and pepper. thicken, coating the spoon. Add the mix-
Portion the mixture into 4 fl oz (118 ml) ture to the chocolate chips and cayenne
Potted Smoked Trout Mason jars. Refrigerate. pepper in the mixing bowl and stir until
Remove from the refrigerator about 1 the chocolate melts. Pour the mixture into
hour before serving. Serve with crackers, 6 oz (177 ml) ramekins and refrigerate for
Active preparation time: 10 minutes crostini, or crusty bread. 2 hours. Serve with confectioners’ sugar
Total time: 15 minutes and whipped cream.
Serves: 12 Beer Suggestions: The Bruery Rueuze
(Placentia, California), Crooked Stave Beer Suggestions: Perennial Artisan
1 lb (454 g) smoked trout, trimmed, skin Flor D’Lees (Denver, Colorado), Firestone Ales La Boheme (St. Louis, Missouri),
removed Walker Sour Opal (Paso Robles, California) Odell Friek (Fort Collins, Colorado)
3 Tbs (1½ fl oz/45 ml) sour beer


Available Now! Chef Cooper Brunk offers a fresh and
Craft creative approach to cooking with beer.

Featuring101+ recipes and photos of
1 01ES+
every dish, foreword by Kim Jordan
of New Belgium Brewing, plus proper
for cookin
g with

beer service and pairing guides, this

A FRESH AND CREATIVE APPROACH TO COOKING WITH BEER book will change your preconceptions
about cooking with beer!
ACTIVE PREP: 20 minutes
35 minutes Rack of Lamb with ACTIVE PREP: 40 minutes
TOTAL TIME: 60 minutes
Gnocchi with Pumpkin
White Beans and Beer Reduction and

Smoked Porter Roasted Mushrooms

Peach Preserves
Lamb Gnocchi
2 racks of lamb, frenched ½ cup dehydrated potato flakes
¼ cup (2 fl oz/59 ml) pumpkin beer GNOCCHI
2 Tbs fresh rosemary, chopped In a large bowl, combine the potato flakes and beer. Add the
1 cup pumpkin puree
2 Tbs garlic, minced pumpkin, egg, sugar, and spices. Mix well. Slowly incorporate
1 egg
Kosher salt A frenched rack of lamb has the meat, fat, and membranes that 2 Tbs sugar the flour until a thick, mostly dry, dough forms. Turn the
Black pepper connect the individual ribs removed. It gives the rack a clean 1 tsp nutmeg dough out onto a floured surface. Dust with flour and knead
Sprigs of fresh rosemary for garnish look. You can do it yourself or ask your butcher to do it for you. 1 tsp ground ginger gently for 3–4 minutes, adding a little flour as necessary, until
¾ cup all-purpose flour, plus more for the dough is slightly elastic and smooth. Divide the dough into
White Beans LAMB rolling later 4 portions. Roll each portion out into a rope ¾-inch (19-mm)
1 can white beans, great northern beans, Preheat the oven to 400°F (204°C). Rub the lamb with the rose- Kosher salt thick. Cut the rope into 1-inch (25-mm) pieces. Reserve.
or cannellini beans, drained and rinsed mary and garlic and salt and pepper to taste. Place the lamb Black pepper
1 cup (8 fl oz/237 ml) water racks in a roasting pan and roast for 17–20 minutes. Add 7–10 2 Tbs unsalted butter REDUCTION
1 large shallot, sliced minutes if you prefer a more well-done lamb. Let the racks rest In a small saucepan, bring the beer to a boil. Reduce the heat
3–4 minutes before carving.
2 Tbs garlic, minced to a simmer and cook until the beer is reduced to a syrup.
1½ cup (12 fl oz/355 ml) pumpkin beer
1 tsp fresh thyme, minced
Kosher salt WHITE BEANS Pepitas PEPITAS
In a small saucepan, combine the beans, water, shallot, garlic, 1 tsp unsalted butter In a small saucepan over low heat, melt the butter, then add
Black pepper
and thyme. Bring to a boil. Reduce the heat and simmer for 2 Tbs pepitas the cayenne and pepitas. Slowly toast the pepitas for 3 min-
10–12 minutes. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Pinch of cayenne utes. Season lightly with salt.
Peach Preserves
Kosher salt
1 cup (8 fl oz/237 ml) smoked porter In a medium saucepan over medium heat, combine the ingre- Roasted Mushrooms Preheat the oven to 400°F (204°C). In a small pan over medi-

Cooper Brunk
2 Tbs brown sugar dients, bring to a simmer, and cook down to a syrup consisten- 1 Tbs unsalted butter um-high heat, melt the butter. Place the mushrooms top down
cy. If desired, puree the mixture. 4 large button mushrooms, stems removed in the butter and cook for 2 minutes. Turn over and finsh in
the oven for 5 minutes.
For a dramatic presentation, cut each rack of lamb in half Drop the gnocchi pieces into a pot of boiling salted water and
Alaskan Smoked Porter and interweave the rib bones. Spoon the white beans in a line cook for 3–4 minutes, until the gnocchi float to the surface.
across each plate. Arrange the lamb over the beans. Place a Remove the gnocchi and drain. In a large sauté pan over me-
Founders Smoked Porter spoonful of the Smoked Porter Peach Preserves in front of Lakefront Pumpkin Lager
dium-high heat, melt 2 tablespoons of butter. Add the gnocchi


each half-rack of lamb. Garnish with rosemary. and sauté until lightly browned. Add a little of the beer reduc-
Captain Lawrence Smoked Porter Alewerks Pumpkin Ale
(ELMSFORD, NY) (WILLIAMSBURG, VA) tion and toss to coat the gnocchi. Remove from the heat. Add
Anderson Valley Fall Hornin’ Pumpkin Ale the pepitas and stir gently.
(BOONVILLE, CA) Divide the gnocchi between 2 pasta bowls. Top with the
Roasted Mushrooms, whole or sliced, and drizzle more of the
Pumpkin Beer Reduction over the top.

88 114

Cover-8x9.indd 1 4/20/15 7:50 PM

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Don’t Age
These Beers!
When determining whether to age or not to age a beer, watch out for
these four cellar no-nos. By Patrick Dawson

RESPECT YOUR ELDER: KEEP COLD, vatives that slow the aging of beer. And
DRINK FRESH, DO NOT AGE! Vinnie when a beer becomes too old, it loses its
Cilurzo, co-owner and brewmaster at vibrancy and takes on stale flavors.
Russian River Brewing Company (Santa But the lack of a strong, sour, or smoked
Rosa, California), plastered this (and many “preservative” isn’t the only reason to
similar) warnings on the label of his double drink a beer fresh. When determining
IPA, Pliny the Elder. They all center on the whether to age or not to age, watch out for
fact that he empathically discourages people these other cellar no-nos.
from aging this beer. And he has a point, as
one of the key events to occur in an aging Hops-Forward Beers
beer is the fading of hops taste, aroma, and As I mentioned above, the bitterness, aro-
bitterness, something that’s rather detri- ma, and taste that you get from hops will
mental to such beers as double IPAs. slowly fade over time. Some aspects are
And the fact of the matter is that while cel- more sensitive than others. For instance,
laring is rapidly gaining in popularity and the flavors derived from myrcene (which
can do incredible things for the right beer, gives beer that distinctive green “hoppy”
the vast majority of beer on the market has flavor) and humulene (spicy and herbal)
no business being aged. Most don’t meet are especially fleeting. On the other hand,
the prerequisites to survive a turn in the cel- the hops compounds partially responsible
lar without going stale, and even more bear for “juicy” flavors found in new school
qualities that are best enjoyed fresh and will IPAs, such as linalool (floral-citrusy) and
only become muted over time. geraniol (floral-rose, geranium), are longer
When it comes to the prerequisites, the lasting, but not in the long-term cellaring
beer needs to possess one of sense. And as hops bitterness diminishes,

the following three character- beers are often left tasting overly sweet,
istics: strong, sour, or smoked. lacking that necessary contrasting aspect.

The high ABV, acidity, and With the hoppiness gone, beers such
smoke phenols act as preser- as IPAs, double IPAs, and even at times


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Esters are often formed during primary fermentation and help to give beer
its characteristic taste, such as the banana presence in German Weiss beers
or the pear and tree-fruit aspects in Belgian ales. Over time, most of these
esters are broken down in a process called hydrolysis, causing the flavor to
slowly fade… In many beers, this bright, fruit component is key and allowing
it to fade via cellaring causes a beer to become a shell of its former self.

American barleywines are often left However, those wheat proteins don’t like
seemingly incomplete because the brewer to stay suspended in a beer and over time
constructed the flavor profile with hops as will slowly drop out and form a sediment
the centerpiece. Compounding the issue, cake on the bottom. Just as when hops
as the hops recede, studies have shown disappear from an IPA, once a wheat
that many of their initial flavors transform beer’s full mouthfeel dies off, it loses
into trans-2-nonenal, the compound pri- much of what once made it great. This is
marily responsible for stale, papery flavors especially true when aging saisons with a
in old beer. So, not only are these beers strong wheat component.
losing a critical component of what makes Something else to be wary of when it
them special, they are gaining a decidedly comes to aging wheat-based beers is the
negative aspect as well. fact that wheat malts are typically high
in lipids. Given long enough, lipids can
Fresh-Ester Degradation lead to, you guessed it, the dreaded stale,
The fruity smell and taste you encoun- cardboard-like oxidative flavors.
ter in beer often comes from chemical Gueuze and other lambic-based beers,
compounds called esters. There is a huge whose grain bills are up to 40 percent
spectrum of esters found in beer, ranging wheat, are among the few exceptions to
from isoamyl acetate (banana) to ethyl cellaring wheat beers. These beers, which
hexanoate (apple) to ethyl butyrate (tropi- are swimming with the oxygen-scaveng-
cal fruits), with many others in between. ing wild yeast, Brettanomyces, aren’t very
Esters are often formed during primary susceptible to oxidation and can avoid
fermentation and help to give beer its the cardboard pitfalls associated with old
characteristic taste, such as the banana wheat beers. (Not only that, but they’re
presence in German Weiss beers or the prized for their dry, champagne-like body
pear and tree-fruit aspects in Belgian and aren’t expected to have a full body.)
ales. Over time, most of these esters are
broken down in a process called hydro- Twist-Off or Swing-Top
lysis, causing the flavor to slowly fade. Oxygen Seepage
Generally, other esters will be created Compared to the typical “pry-off” caps,
in their place, but they typically have a twist-offs have an inferior seal that, with
wine-like or port-like flavor. age, will slowly allow oxygen to seep into
So, if you’re considering aging a a beer, speeding the aging process and
beer that has a strong fruity presence causing (drumroll…) stale flavors! Luckily
when young, be aware that those though, twist-off caps are pretty much a
flavors will most likely dull over time. thing of the past in the craft-beer world.
In many beers, this bright, fruit But it is something to keep in mind when
component is key and allowing it to debating whether to age a vintage twist-off
fade via cellaring causes a beer to bottle any further. Probably more impor-
become a shell of its former self. tantly, be wary of swing tops, as the materi-
al used in their rubber gaskets is especially
Wheat Clearing susceptible to oxygen seepage over time.
In unfiltered beers made with While some beers just beg to be aged,
wheat, one of the most attractive every beer has an optimal drinking
features is the full, chewy mouth- window, and for the majority of cases, it’s
feel that comes from suspended wheat “as fresh as possible.” Know which beers
proteins. Anybody who’s had an authen- are going to benefit from maturation time
tic Belgian wit straight from the source and which will not. After all, an IPA is too
can attest to the difference this makes. beautiful a thing to waste.


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It’s been two years since we
last turned our focus to the
most popular craft-beer style
in America, and in that short
time, the landscape has
grown increasingly diverse.
The bitterness arms race is
dead, and brewers have blown
apart the “West Coast/East
Coast” dichotomy of old, while
entirely new genres of dank,
hazy, fruity, and pale IPAs
(and the new flavorful hops
varieties that fuel them)
redefine expectations of the
style. Join us as we explore
every corner of…

The United States of

imity to the hops fields in Washington and

Oregon meant access to new hops varieties
The united
States of

that fueled creativity, and in San Diego new

breweries such as Stone, AleSmith, and the
Pizza Port brewpubs focused on experi-
mentation with hops. Slowly, a regional
variation of the IPA style began to emerge.
“Over the years,” says Stone Brewmaster
Mitch Steele, “the West Coast IPA evolved
to be a very pale golden color with a very

The IPAs of
dry finish and overwhelming hops inten-
sity.” Simple grain bills with little crystal
malt in the recipes became the standard.
“Balance?” Steele says, “We forget that
side of the equation to maximize hops

character.” Clean fermentations further
accentuated the hops, and an emphasis on
dry hopping helps tease subtle flavors and
aromas from all those hops.
While the early West Coast IPAs cen-
tered on the “C hops” varieties—Cascade,
Chinook, Columbus, and Centennial—as
The bright, bitter, and aromatic India pale ales of California sparked an more IPAs hit the market, the competition
infatuation with hops that emanated across the craft-beer landscape and drove brewers to find ways to differentiate
developed into the modern IPA style. By John Verive their brands. With a limited palette of
hops varieties and a style that required a
muted malt flavor, brewers stood out from
WHILE THE INDIA PALE Ale wasn’t tag, paired that pungent new hops variety the crowd by tuning their techniques.
born in California, it was reinvented in with dry-hopping techniques he adapted “The temperature of dry hopping is
the Golden State. From Anchor Brewing from those learned during a research where a lot of breweries are doing different
to New Albion Brewing Co. to Sierra trip to England—Carpenter says that at things,” Steele says. “It has a big impact
Nevada, the first generation of modern the time, Anchor was the only American on what flavors you’ll get out of the hops.”
craft brewers found a niche adapting brewery to dry hop their ales. The distinc- After much experimentation and study,
the strong, hoppy British pale ales into tive Cascade character was underlined Stone now dry hops beer at about 60°F
a streamlined vehicle for delivering the with an understated malt flavor, and (15°C) to maximize the extraction of hops
essence of New World hops. Brewers sim- Liberty Ale would unexpectedly become a oils, but Steele says all the mechanics of
plified the malt bills, experimented with template for the first modern craft beers. dry hopping still aren’t well understood.
diverse hops varieties, and created new But it wasn’t an instant success. It’s difficult in a production brewery
processes and equipment for imbuing “At the time, people said you just setting to conduct the kind of controlled
brews with hops character. These bright, couldn’t drink it. There were just too experimentation that science demands,
bitter, and aromatic ales sparked an infat- many hops in it,” Carpenter recalls. With and with few laboratories studying hops,
uation with hops that emanated across the forty years of brewing experience at An- the brewpubs around San Diego become
craft-beer landscape and developed into chor, Carpenter has a unique perspective the next proving ground for IPA develop-
the modern IPA style. on how tastes have changed in Ameri- ment. During the 1990s and early 2000s,
ca and the world. “I never would have the West Coast style was further refined
Understated Malt, New guessed IPAs would become such a driv- by a cadre of brewers including Stone’s
Hops ing force,” he says. “When you have brew- Steve Wagner, Tomme Arthur from Pizza
The rise of the IPA (an offshoot of the ers in Munich making California-style Port (and later The Lost Abbey) and
American pale ale style) to craft-beer IPAs, the brewing world is upside down. Vinnie Cilurzo—who brewed at the Blind
prominence began forty years ago. In That all traces back to Liberty Ale.” Pig Alehouse in Temecula before moving
1975, Anchor Brewing was struggling north to found Russian River Brewing.
against the tide of American Light Lager Higher and Bolder “Tomme Arthur and Jeff Bagby [Pizza
and determined to keep their novel brew- By the mid-nineties, California craft Port] are two brewers with the biggest influ-
ing techniques and unique ales flowing. brewers had begun to explore the IPA style ence on how I structure IPAs,” says Julian
They had introduced Anchor Porter in and started what Carpenter calls “the chili Shrago, the co-owner and brewer at the
1973 and wanted to follow that beer up cook-off effect” of ever-climbing IBUs and celebrated Beachwood Brewing brewpub in
with an American take on a British pale ever-bolder aromas. Relatively close prox- Long Beach. Beachwood is known for offer-
ale to commemorate the 200th anniver-
sary of Paul Revere’s Ride. “We learned
about the Cascade hops variety from a
hops-grower friend,” says Anchor’s veter-
an Brewmaster Mark Carpenter. “It was
a new hops at the time, and no one was
“Balance? We forget that side of the equation to
really using it as an aroma hops.” maximize hops character.”
Anchor’s iconoclastic owner, Fritz May-
— Mitch Steele, Stone Brewing
ing a wide variety of West Coast IPAs, and flavor and aroma components as opposed
Shrago has a knack for making small subtle
tweaks to grain bills and hops schedules
to throwing things in the boil [or dry hop-
ping],” he says. “I firmly believe in having
to create dozens of distinctive IPA recipes. a wall of flavor and aroma, and I think the Obsession
Arthur taught him to eschew caramel malt, way that you do that is by adding different
even in double IPA formulation, and from varieties of hops at many, many different One by-product of the
Bagby he learned to amalgamate different points. Just tons of layers.” growth of popularity of
IPAs is beer fans’ obsession
hops flavors and specific dry-hopping tech- with IPAs being fresh.
niques. “Bagby is a master of hoppy styles. I A Firestorm of Interest Often, John Kimmich,
never would have dry hopped in the serving As brewers devised new techniques and owner/brewer of The
tank if it weren’t for him,” Shrago says. technologies for extracting flavor and Alchemist in Waterbury,
Besides the serving-tank hops additions, aroma compounds from hops, the hops Vermont, says, he’ll read
which can use either whole flower or pel- growers bred new varieties that offered yet Internet posts from people
claiming that Heady
lets depending on the specific character more diverse flavors and aromas. “Having Topper or other IPAs begin
he’s looking for, Shrago has also adopt- a relationship with your farmer is a real losing their hops character
ed another technique he learned key to making great beer,” says Matt after a couple of weeks.
from Bagby and Vinnie Cilurzo: Brynildson, decorated brewmaster That, Kimmich says,
mash hopping. “The chemistry at Firestone Walker Brewery. In is just not true. “People
works a little differently in hops recent years, Brynildson has spent are taking it in the wrong
direction,” he says. “There
added during the mash, so you’re time exploring is absolutely such a thing
permanently locking in different Germany’s as being too fresh. For my
taste, when we can any
of my beers, if I drink it at
home that night, I don’t
like it. Every time a beer
goes from one container
to another, it needs time to
acclimate; it needs time to
become what it is. When
people go to a store and
see a can that was literally
packaged hours ago, they
feel compelled to drink it
right away. You don’t have
to. It will stay amazing for
months and months, if not
years. That the hops fla-
vors drop off in a couple of
weeks is not true—if a beer
is brewed with the utmost
care and kept refrigerated.
[Yes,] it will age, and it will
change. There’s a real need
to educate our customers
about that.”

producing these aromas, then set up

breeding designed to find varieties that
The united
States of

carry those compounds.” He’s currently

hunting for woodsy varietals with cedar,
vanilla, and coconut aromas.
“Twenty years ago if you were brewing
an IPA, you’d be using one of four ‘C
hops’ varieties,” says Mitch Steele, “and
now it’s all about new hops varieties. IPAs
“Having a relationship with your farmer is a real are going into new territory.”
key to making great beer. IPA has a lot of life still, Stone recently reformulated both their
Pale Ale and the groundbreaking Ruination
and there are a lot of hops flavors and aromas double IPA to feature more of these nouveau
yet to be explored.” hops flavors. A trend of producing small di-
gressions of tried and true IPA brands, such
— Matt Brynildson, Firestone Walker as the Grapefruit and Habanero variations of
Ballast Point’s popular Sculpin IPA, is also
becoming more common. “Beer drinkers
crave variety,” Steele says, “and [variants]
hops yards for new varieties, and Fires- analyzes, and tests every aspect of flavor in generate interest and curiosity.”
tone Walker has released two new IPAs beer. Sierra Nevada is a huge consumer of Offering IPAs for service on the nitrogen
centered on emerging German cultivars, hops, and Nielsen has championed many of draft lines commonly reserved for stout
including Hüll Melon and Mandarina Ba- the experimental varieties that have gained styles is another way brewers have capital-
varia. “IPA has a lot of life still, and there cult status among IPA geeks. He goes ized on customer curiosity, even though
are a lot of hops flavors and aromas yet to beyond the sensory side of hops selection nitrogenation is counter to many of the
be explored,” Brynildson says. and also looks at the chemical compounds qualities that define an IPA. A nitro IPA
One man at the forefront of that explora- that give each cultivar its distinct character. isn’t as aromatic as a standard carbonat-
tion is Sierra Nevada Brewing’s Tom Niel- He knows there are a lot of flavors still to ed IPA, and the perceived sweetness is
sen. The technical lead for flavor and raw uncover, and he doesn’t see the popularity of greater. “Nitro has a cool factor right now,
materials at the brewery, Nielsen studies, IPAs flagging anytime soon. but I don’t think brewers fully understand
“Today there’s a firestorm of interest in the impact of nitrogenating an IPA. They
IPA—it’s very contagious,” Nielsen says. aren’t formulating recipes for an IPA
“People aren’t looking for their new favorite specifically to be served on nitro,” Steele
band anymore; they’re looking for their says. “It’s still in exploratory mode. It’s
favorite brewery and favorite IPA. In this uncharted territory for us.”
market, you really have to set yourself apart.” Even after decades of evolution, there’s
Sierra Nevada Brewing’s spirit of innova- still plenty of territory within the confines of
tion is instilled into their beer, and a near the IPA style to explore. Innovative brewers
endless parade of unnamed experimental adapting traditional British styles kicked off
hops varieties get tested in the brewhouse America’s love for hops, and the IPA has
every year. “We’re using experimental grown into an icon of American brewing
hops in a lot of our new product develop- and a tremendous force in the marketplace.
ment,” Nielsen says, and besides the trop- Nearly one out of every three craft beers
ical and earthy flavors that have defined sold in America is an IPA, and most of
the West Coast style in recent years, he’s those brews can count the pale, dry, and
really excited about new flavors beginning intensely aromatic IPAs of California as
to emerge from the hops yards of Yakima, their forebears. The brewers who specialize
Washington, and he works closely with in expressing hops character work on the
growers to breed new cultivars that cutting edge of brewing, exploiting new
may lead to all new flavor profiles. technologies, techniques, and ingredients
“You have to know what to look to craft hops-driven beer that pushes the
for,” he says. “You have to boundaries of traditional styles. California

figure out what has always had tremendous influence on

the chemistry American culture, and the Golden State’s
is that’s craft breweries have an indelible impact on
America’s beer culture.


The IPAs of
on Northwest hops aroma and flavor as
much as we can,” says McDermet. “This
is not too far away from the West Coast
style—both focus on big hops aromas and
flavors. The only real difference might be

the Pacific
how dry the beer is and the perceived bit-
terness level. I think of West Coast IPAs
as a bit more bracingly bitter, but it’s likely
just due to the lack of malt character and
low residual sweetness.”

Hazy and Aromatic
“Historically, I think a Northwest IPA [is]
different from a West Coast IPA,” says Josh
Pfriem who owns Hood River’s pFriem
Family Brewers. Northwest IPAs have
more of a sturdy malt bill, he explains.
“They’re hazy and aromatic with an asser-
We asked the brewers at Fremont Brewing, pFriem Family Brewers, The tive bitterness while the West Coast IPA
Commons Brewery, Boneyard Beer, and Block 15 whether they consider is lighter in body and brighter and [puts a]
“Northwest-style” IPA its own subcategory of the IPA family. Here’s what they huge emphasis on aromatic hops.”
had to say… By Emily Hutto Pfriem’s 7 percent ABV, 65 IBU IPA
is brewed with Gambrinus Canadian
I MISS MANY THINGS about living in the Pacific Northwest— Pilsner, Simpsons Caramalt, Simpsons
among them, the region’s music scene and Portland’s equidis- Crystal Light, and Simpsons Crystal
tance from mountains and beach. Mostly though, I miss the Dark grains with Chinook, Mosaic, Citra,
IPAs. The India pale ale is celebrated, if not worshipped, in this and Warrior hops before it ferments
lush region that produces some of the world’s most sought-after with American ale yeast. “I think most
hops and some of the most sought-after IPAs. This beer style Northwest brewers are trying to achieve
is omnipresent in Washington and Oregon, and—according huge hops aromatics, light body with just
to several of the region’s prominent brewers—it is evolving in enough malt to balance the hops, smooth
aroma and flavor. finishes with just enough bitterness, and
brightness,” he says about modern-day
More Hops Forward Northwest IPAs. “These beers are very
“The Northwest IPA of ten years ago is certainly different from fresh, hops-forward, and fruity... they have
what we might think of as a quintessential Northwest IPA today,” lots of citrus and drink easy.”
says James McDermet, the head brewer at Fremont Brewing in
Seattle, Washington. “Classic Northwest IPA fits very well into Late-Kettle and Dry-Hop
the American-style IPA category and focuses on American hops Notes
characteristics like big juicy citrus in the aroma and flavor that is Sean Burke of The Commons Brewery in
often balanced by some sweet, caramel malt character.” Portland, Oregon, agrees that the North-
The general trend in Northwest IPAs, according to McDermet, west IPA style is evolving. “Not that long
has been a move away from the caramel malty character and a ago Northwest-style IPAs tended to be a
focus on a drier, more hops-forward beer. “For our IPA, we try to bit more malty and have a bit more resid-
maintain some malt sweetness to keep the beer from being too ual sugar,” he says. “I think there is more
bracingly bitter and keep the beer more balanced while focusing of a push to pull back on the Munich and

“I think most Northwest brewers are trying to achieve huge

hops aromatics, light body with just enough malt to balance
the hops, smooth finishes with just enough bitterness, and
brightness.” —Josh Pfriem, Pfriem Family Brewers
Five on Five
crystal/caramel malts to drive more of the

late-kettle and dry-hops notes.”
The united
States of

Burke also agrees with Pfriem that the

de it a
of the IPA style has ma Northwest IPA is somewhat different
The range and diversity and bre we rs alike. Here,
sumers from the typical West Coast IPA. “West
favorite of craft-beer con wh at the y reach for
ted brewers
we’ve asked five respec for som eth ing hoppy. Coast style tends to be drier and a bit
the mo od
when they’re in higher in alcohol. I think Northwest-style
Compiled by Emily Hu IPA would really be more of a subcategory
of West Coast IPA.”

Josh Pfriem ounder at pFriem Family Brewers, Clean Finish

Brewmaster and Cof “I believe in aroma and hops flavor, not
Hood River, Oregon nia)
Jack (Paso Robles, Califor necessarily in bitterness,” says Tony Law-
Firestone Walker Union ce its rele ase . Most
bee r sin rence, brewmaster and co-owner at Bone-
has been an inspiring IPA. It is
standard for West Coast
brewers consider it the and fres h, wit h lots of yard Beer Co. in Bend, Oregon. His deep
ity, clean,
bright, hops-forward, fru an inc red ible balance. It is copper-colored, citrus-forward RPM IPA is
ma lt, and
citrus, just enough a testament to that statement. It’s bold and
us IPA!
an inspiring and delicio refreshingly hoppy on the nose and to taste
without the bitterness associated with dank
Northwest-style IPAs. “Right now in the
Brant DuboHop y
Brewers & Corridor Brewer
Head Brewer at Dry
Northwest, IPAs have big aroma and big
ois hoppy finishes; they’re moving away from
& Provisions, Chicago, Illin
r (Middleburg Heights, the dry and bitter IPA that we used to see
Fat Head’s Head Hunte
sive and resiny hops
Ohio)—I love the aggres es more of back in the day,” he says.
st Coast IPA. Strong not
profile in this classic We are the re aplent y. “My biggest influences for where I want-
of pine, tropical fruit, and sively hopped beer, ed my IPA to end up were Firestone Walk-
suc h an agg res
However, for
t. The dry bitter finish er’s Union Jack and Russian River’s Pliny
the malt profile is presen h-
ther sip every time wit the Elder,” Lawrence says. Boneyard’s RPM
leaves me wanting ano
. It’s the one bee r in the country that I miss is brewed with a blend of several Northwest
out fail tt
There’s a reason that Ma
having easy access to. ent me dal winners
hops—including Cascade, Centennial, and
are con sist
Cole and his crew Citra—at more than 2.5 pounds per barrel.
egory. Now I want to
in the American IPA cat “You need a bit of a backbone to support
Cle vel and . An yon e up for a road trip?
drive to those hops,” Lawrence explains. “You
don’t want the malt to steal the show, but
Gretchen Fo ster ings, Colorado
[you want] a little bit of something for the
rm Brewing, Colorado Spr
Brewer at Great Sto do) is
hops to stand on. I put a little bit of sweet-
perandi (Durango, Colora ness in my IPA for the hops to dance with.
Ska Brewing’s Modus Ho lov e the bal ance of the
t now. I
probably my favorite righ fac t tha t even though it is I prefer dry beers, but I make this beer
hops and the
citrus and piney sweeter than I typically would like to [in
shes clean.
incredibly hoppy it fini order to] balance out the hopping profile.”
A swig of RPM starts with big aroma
that “sets everything into motion”; then
Sean Burke mons Brewery, Portland, Oregon comes bold malty sweetness, Lawrence
Head Brewer at Com says. “And then the hops flavor takes you
ide Brewery’s IPA
What I love about Breaks on a journey. The whole thing finishes
tha t I have had the chance
(Portland, Oregon), is clean; it snaps off, and you’re ready to
ays been a good IPA, but
to see it develop. It’s alw
se guy s rea lly dissected that beer a repeat the process.”
I know tho
ult is everything I look Unlike a lot of IPA brewers, Lawrence

end res
while ago, and the
. It’s not overly bitter; it prefers IPA a few months after it has been
for in a well-crafted IPA aroma, and it has

or and
explodes with hops flav yin gly sweet. There
brewed. “A little bit of age on the hops is
fini sh tha t isn ’t clo good,” he says. “I prefer pelletized hops
a nice dry ner . Oh, and I can
gol d me dal win
is a reason it’s a after 3–6 months. If you let hops age out
get it really fresh. a little bit, some of their oils become less

Unique Characteristics
“I’m unsure whether there is a single
Jeremy Tofte
Brewing, Jackson, Wyom
ing Northwest IPA style,” says Nick Arzner
Founder at Melvin k
Barley Brown’s Pallet Jac who owns Block 15 Restaurant & Brewery
I find myself reaching for te it only a few times
Ore gon ). I get to tas in Corvallis, Oregon.
(Baker City, than
I swear it’s even better
a year, and every time al not es I like and it’s Block 15’s Alpha IPA, Arzner explains,
tro pic
the last time. It’s got the red has evolved over the years to highlight
top it off, they have figu
pretty sessionable. To hops on the “citrusy and piney side with
ing red ien t: CO 2.
out the fifth background tropical fruit.” Alpha is built
on a blend of Crisp Best Pale and Rahr


“So many of the Northwest’s great IPAs express MAKE IT
unique characteristics. Some are sweeter, some Alpha IPA
dry, some tropical or citrus or dank herb leaning, This is Block 15 Brewing’s house IPA. It’s
some favor malt character. If anything, ‘North- packed with notes of citrus, dank pine, and
west-style IPAs’ tend to have a great aroma and papaya with just enough malt character to
prop them up and bitterness to balance.
drinkable balance.”
—Nick Arzner, Block 15 Restaurant & Brewery ALL GRAIN

Batch size: 5 gallons (19 liters)

Brewhouse efficiency: 72%
OG: 1.061
2-row malts with kettle-hopping of CTZ, Sticky Hands in 2012. During that time, FG: 1.009
Cascade, Centennial, and Chinook “and we worked with six different base malts, IBUs: 110 calculated, but feels like 70
a hearty dry-hop addition of Centennial, numerous specialty malts, four yeast ABV: 6.8%
Citra, and Simcoe,” he says. Most of the strains, and myriad hops combinations
hops that Block 5 uses come from Oregon and products. Currently, we can 16-ounce MALT/GRAIN BILL
and Washington but are supplemented by (473 ml) cans of Sticky Hands every other 4 lb 13 oz (2.2 kg) Rahr 2-Row
Australian, European, and New Zealand week to keep it fresh and lively.” 5 lb 13 oz (2.63 kg) Crisp Best Ale
hops. “For hops-forward beers, I favor a “So many of the Northwest’s great IPAs 8 oz (227 g) Simpson Caramalt
blend of the newer hops varieties—such express unique characteristics. Some are 6 oz (170 g) Patagonia Caramel 35L
as Citra and Mosaic—with varieties that sweeter, some dry, some tropical or citrus 10 oz (283 g) Carafoam
have been around for a bit—such as Co- or dank herb leaning, some favor malt
lumbus, Chinook, and Centennial.” character. If anything, ‘Northwest-style HOPS AND ADDITIONS SCHEDULE
Block 15 also makes an 8.1 percent ABV, IPAs’ tend to have a great aroma and 0.25 oz (7 g) CTZ at FWH
110 IBU double IPA called Sticky Hands. drinkable balance,” says Arzner. 1 oz (28 g) Cascade at 20 minutes
It was born out of The Hop Experience It seems that Northwest-style IPA, if there 0.75 oz (21 g) Chinook at 20 minutes
Project—Block 15’s rotating recipe that is such a (sub)category, is an ever-evolv- 1 oz (28 g) Centennial at 10 minutes
combines alternating base beers with dif- ing beer style. “Five years ago the general 0.75 oz (21 g) Chinook at 10 minutes
ferent hops varieties. “Through brewing concept for designing an IPA was a little 0.75 oz (21 g) CTZ at 10 minutes
variations, we discover ingredients and old-school,” says Lawrence. “Northwest Whirlfloc at 10 minutes
techniques that we then apply to our base brewers are pioneers, but there was a men- 1.5 oz (42 g) Centennial at dry hop
version,” Arzner says. “We began brewing tality that there’s no reason to fix it if it’s not 1 oz (28 g) Citra at dry hop
broken. But then some new brewers came 1 oz (28 g) Simcoe at dry hop
out swinging with a different template.” (The hops are all pellet hops)
That template, agree all of these brew-
ers, is one that’s bright and hops-forward YEAST
but not aggressively bitter. It’s more exper- American Ale yeast or, if you want a fuller
imental in the hops and methods used; body, English Ale yeast, such as Wyeast 1098.
and it’s still just as bold and complex as
those old-school pioneer IPAs. DIRECTIONS
Single infusion mash at 153°F (67°C) for 45
minutes. Vorlauf for 15 minutes. Collect
5.5 gallons (20.8 liters). Boil for 100 min-
utes following the hops schedule. Cool to
66°F (19°C) and oxygenate. Pitch 1.2*10^6
cells/ml of American Ale and let ferment
for 5–6 days, raising the temperature to
72°F (24°C) by the fifth day. Rest one day.
Transfer to secondary onto the dry hops.
At 24 and 48 hours, gently swirl the carboy
to rouse the hops, crash at 72 hours and
remove hops or rack the beer to another
vessel. Cold condition at least 10 days, but
no more than 3 weeks.

The water in Corvallis, Oregon, is soft. We
add calcium chloride and calcium sulfate
to the mash to achieve 125ppm of calcium,
180ppm of sulfate, and 85ppm of chloride.
Adjust your water accordingly.

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The Middle Way:

Midwest IPAs
When it comes to making IPAs in the Midwest, today’s brewers are marrying Old-World tradition
with New-World ingredients for a richer, fuller flavor. By Tom Wilmes

THE AMERICAN MIDWEST IS where and brewing culture that was established
innovation meets tradition in the most here very early on coupled with a new
unassuming and satisfying ways. You can wave of American ingredients—even fif-
taste it in the food, you can see it in the teen years ago hops varieties weren’t what
architecture, and it’s definitely a distin- they are now—and that’s what’s mani-
guishing characteristic of the beer. fested itself into what people are calling a
“We’re in a part of the country that’s Midwestern IPA.”
somewhat removed from a lot of the spiky While it’s tough to define a Midwest-
trends, which is nice,” says Todd Haug, ern-style IPA as being just one thing, most
director of brewing operations at Minne- examples falling along that range exhibit a
sota-based Surly Brewing Co. “What we balanced malt character with some depth
see here tends to fall along a more narrow and complexity and are hopped at similar
bandwidth, but it’s way more solid. We rates as West Coast IPAs using primarily
may be a few years behind on some of the American hops for flavor and aroma.
food and beverage trends as a result, but
we have a better foundation for what good Full-Bodied Backbone
food and beer means and for the right “It’s not even always crystal malt,” Haug
reasons, not just because they’re popular says of the grain bill. “It could be in the
or what you’re supposed to be doing.” mashing regimen and leaving a little
America’s obsession with IPAs is a more residual sugars to give it balance.”
perfect example in microcosm. There’s While three highly decorated mainstays
seemingly infinite room for variance and tend to represent the Midwestern style—
experimentation within the style, and Bell’s Two-Hearted Ale, Goose Island’s
brewers continue to push hard on either Goose IPA, and Founders Centennial
end—from super dense and malty grain IPA—smaller brewers are further explor-
bills in the English tradition on one side ing this sweet spot with a wide variety of
to very lightly malted with extreme hops raw ingredients and techniques. Some-
additions on the other. Not surprisingly what counter-intuitively, it’s not always
Midwestern brewers tend to fall, well, as much about amping up the hops as it
somewhere in the middle. is about adjusting the grain bill to best
“The Midwest is a hot-bed for blending showcase the beer’s hops character.
together Old-World brewing tradition with Haug points to Surly’s flagship beer, Fu-
new American stuff,” says Haug. “I think rious, as an example of what’s happening
it’s organically come out of the breweries on the fringes of the middle. “The gravity


is a lot higher because it’s a 7 percent beer Gallagher says striking that right balance
and uses a lot of malts that are not even was the toughest part about developing
English varieties but make really good the recipe for Gone Away (formerly MAKE IT
English-style ESBs,” he says. “It’s that
richness and that full-bodied backbone
known as Heyoka), the brewery’s winter
seasonal IPA and a silver-medal winner at Dead President
that allow us to pile on all these hops and
have this really interesting synergy of
sweetness and bitterness that interplays
the 2014 Great American Beer Festival.
Gallagher calls the beer a “classic IPA
amped up a couple of notches in inten-
Double IPA
This recipe from Eric Bean, owner
really well, instead of just all bitterness.” sity” with piney, floral, and spicy flavors and brewmaster at Ohio’s Columbus
What’s also nice about some of our IPAs from lots of Chinook, Centennial, and Brewing Company, is not one that they
is that they change as they warm up in the Columbus hops. He was originally aiming brew, but it is inspired by many of the
glass, and even with age,” he says. for an IPA more in keeping with the West beers that they brew throughout the
Coast style and devised a recipe with lots year. The simple malt bill is designed
The Right Balance of pale malt in place of the 2-row that the to allow the hops to shine.
Matt Gallagher, brewmaster at Half brewery usually uses to increase the hops
Acre Beer Co. in Chicago, agrees on the amplitude, but when he tasted the results,
primary importance of the grist bill in he didn’t find the clean hops expression
brewing a well-balanced IPA. “From my he was looking for. OG: 1.077
standpoint, the most challenging part of He brewed several subsequent batch- FG: 1.010
brewing a hoppy beer is the malt bill and es and “found that if we kept the hops IBUs: 85
less the hops bill,” he says. “You can keep the same, but lowered the percentage of ABV: 8.5%
throwing hops at it, but if the malts aren’t pale malt and increased the percentage
right, those hops aren’t going to come of 2-row, all the sudden the hops really MALT/GRAIN BILL
through correctly.” jumped out and were shining through. 12 lb (5.4 kg) base malt
1 lb 13 oz (467 g) Vienna malt
12 oz (340 g) Dextrin malt
8 oz (227 g) Dextrose (corn sugar)

1 oz (28 g) CTZ [15.5% AA] at 90 minutes
1 oz (28 g) Chinook [12.7% AA] at 30
1 oz (28 g) Cenntenial [9% AA] at 15
1 oz (28 g) Simcoe [11.2% AA] at 15
1 oz (28 g) Citra [12.8% AA] at 0 minutes
1 oz (28 g) Centennial [9% AA] at 0
3 oz (85 g) Citra at dry hop
3 oz (85 g) Centennial at dry hop

White Labs WLP001 (California Ale) or
Wyeast 1056 (American Ale)

Mash at 150°F (66°C) for 60 minutes.
Boil for 90 minutes, following the
hops schedule. Pitch the yeast at 64°F
(18°C). Let the temperature rise to 68°F
(20°C) and hold during fermentation.

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Less Thinking
This recipe from Matt Gallagher, brew-
master at Half Acre Beer Co. in Chica-
go, is a nice Amarillo-focused Ameri-
We finally reached a tipping point where “To be honest, our IPA is never going can strong pale ale (but you could also
there’s enough maltiness that it’s balanced to win GABF Gold in the IPA category,” call it an IPA). It’s great for highlighting
from a drinkability standpoint, but not so he says. “We know what’s going on on a two different hops, but it could easily be
much that it covers up the hops flavors.” national level, and we’re not so concerned used to evaluate a single varietal as well.
Gallagher uses a liquor-to-grist ratio of with that. Our IPA is more consumer driv- It is best consumed during the summer
about 2.75 to one, he says, with a 90-min- en, what we think our consumers want months surrounded by nature.
ute boil and a bittering addition at 60 and what we want to be able to have in an
minutes, as well as hops additions at 30, everyday drinking beer.”
15, and 5 minutes and “a big whirlpool In addition to the grain bill, Bean also
addition” before the beer is dry hopped. continues to tweak his liquor-to-grist ratio in
The beer is fermented with the same ale search of perfect attenuation. “We’re looking Batch size: 5 gallons (19 liters)
yeast and at the same temperature that for that right amount of residual sweetness Brewhouse efficiency: 72%
Half Acre uses for most all of its beers. to bring out the flavors in the beer and keep OG: 1.051
it refreshing, too,” he says. “You don’t want FG: 1.007
Customer Base something cloying [because] it muddles the IBUs: 50
Eric Bean, owner and brewmaster at experience and totally ruins the hops flavor.” ABV: 6%
Ohio’s Columbus Brewing Company, also
appreciates a similar balance of under- Many Grains MALT/GRAIN BILL
lying malt flavor to accentuate the hops Gerrit Lewis, cofounder of Chicago-based 8 lb (3.6 kg) 2-row malt
character in an IPA. Pipeworks Brewing Co., hesitates to allow 1.5 lb (680 g) Vienna
While the brewery’s double IPA, Bodhi, that there even is “a definitive Midwestern 10 oz (283 g) flaked oats
won a bronze medal in the American-style IPA character”; however, he has found
IPA category at the 2014 Great American that a substantial malt backbone is a great HOPS SCHEDULE
Beer Festival, Bean considers its flagship way to showcase and fully express the 0.25 oz (7 g) Warrior at 60 minutes
IPA to be more representative of the brew- character in different hops varieties. 0.5 oz (14 g) Amarillo at 30 minutes
ery’s Midwestern roots. Pipeworks makes a huge variety of spe- 0.75 oz (21 g) Amarillo at 15 minutes
Where Bodhi “is all pale malt, a little cialty and one-off beers in its quest to ex- 1.5 oz (43 g) Amarillo at whirlpool
crystal, and as many hops as we can stuff plore flavors and produce “a beer for every 0.5 oz (14 g) Centennial at whirlpool
in there,” Bean says, Columbus Brewing’s occasion,” but, especially with the brewery’s 3.5 oz (99 g) Amarillo at dry hop (day 6
standard IPA “is very balanced in the series of single-hops Imperial IPAs, Lewis of fermentation)
sense that it has a fine tropical fruit char- prefers a grain bill that employs four or five 1 oz (28 g) Centennial at dry hop (day 6
acteristic but also some underlying malt different grains rather than just one or two. of fermentation)
tones that I think really bring out those “It’s darker in color and a little stickier
hops flavors and keep it very drinkable.” with more character malt,” he says. “The YEAST
He’s also conscious of his local customer flavor is a little rounder; more full and White Labs WLP051 California Ale V
base, which, in keeping with Midwestern robust overall.”
tastes, tends to prefer beers that are more And, in the Midwestern tradition, it pro- DIRECTIONS
straight-down-the-middle and reliably vides a solid base on which to experiment Mash at 145°F (63°C) for 60 minutes,
drinkable. with a variety of bold new flavors. then rest until conversion is com-
plete. Boil for 90 minutes. Pitch the
yeast and ferment at 65°F (18°C). Dry
hop on day 6 of fermentation (when
fermentation is slowing down), crash
“We found that if we kept the hops the same, but the beer on day 10 to 31°F (0°C). Wait a
lowered the percentage of pale malt and in- week or two before packaging.

creased the percentage of 2-row, all of a sudden

the hops really jumped out and were shining
through. We finally reached a tipping point
where there’s enough maltiness that it’s bal-
anced from a drinkability standpoint, but not so
much that it covers up the hops flavors.”
—Matt Gallagher, Half Acre Beer Co.
The IPAs
of New
New England IPAs are big beers, there is a definitive haze to the
beer, and brewers embrace the big, bold hops flavors rather than
the bitterness of the India pale ales of the past. By Norman Miller


in New England in 1993 for the Harpoon
Brewery (Boston, Massachusetts, and
Windsor, Vermont). It was clear and
balanced, and—for its time—it was an
aggressively hopped beer.
Harpoon IPA is still a popular beer,
but IPAs in New England have changed
significantly in the twenty-plus years since
Mott first poured the hops into the boil. “I
think people’s palates have changed,” says
Mott, the veteran brewer who now owns
and operates Tributary Brewing Compa-
ny in Kittery, Maine. “Nowadays, people
expect it to be hops-forward and not too
bitter. Compared to today, the Harpoon
IPA is like a pale ale.”
India pale ales and their bigger brothers
rule supreme in world of New England
breweries, with breweries such as The
Alchemist, Hill Farmstead, and Lawson’s
Finest Liquids in Vermont; Trillium Brewing
Company and Tree House Brewing Com-
pany in Massachusetts; and Bissell Brothers
in Maine being responsible for some of the
most sought-after beers in the country.
“Back in the 1990s, Harpoon IPA was the
standard beer, and there were beers like
Wachusett purple [the IPA has a purple la- it was those early beers and his early brew- Topper a week. The beer is so popular that
bel] and Redhook’s Ballard’s Bitter, but there ing experience at the landmark Vermont he had to close the brewery’s retail shop
weren’t many IPAs that were flagships or Pub & Brewery in Burlington that helped because so many people were coming to
year rounds,” said Ben Roesch, brewmaster guide him to his beers today (and pro- buy the beer that neighbors complained.
at Worcester, Massachusetts’s Wormtown vided his yeast, Conan—see “Gather No
Brewery, known for IPAs such as Be Hoppy Moss,” Craft Beer & Brewing Magazine®, More Flavor, Less Bitterness
and Hopulence. “You could kind of see the Issue 1/Spring 2014). “The reason Heady Topper is so popular

snowball rolling down the hill and becom- Kimmich began brewing Heady Topper and continues to be popular is it lives up to
ing more prominent. They just popped.” in 2004 at the former Alchemist brew- expectations,” says Kimmich. “If you have
John Kimmich, owner/brewer of The pub. He opened his canning brewery in had it and you come back to it, it’s just as
Alchemist in Waterbury, Vermont, says 2011 and now brews 180 barrels of Heady good as it was. That’s a testament to the

incredible amount of detail on my part and

my team’s part. That is something that is un-
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derestimated today. I taste many beers that

were at one time great and now are not.”
Although Kimmich won’t go into details
about his brewing process, he says he
doesn’t think he’s “doing anything wildly dif-
ferent from other breweries. My palate has
always steered me to the cleaner, brighter,
later fresh hops character, as opposed to long
MAKE IT hops additions throughout the boil,” he says.

Lawson’s Double Sunshine IPA Noah Bissell, co-owner and brewmaster

at Bissell Brothers in Portland, Maine,
says the old school of brewing IPAs was
Sean Lawson, owner of Lawson’s Finest YEAST to add hops at different points during
Liquids, a small-batch brewery based Fermentis Safale US-05, Lallemand the boil. Now, when he brews his beers,
in Warren, Vermont, shared this recipe BRY-097, Wyeast 1056 (American Ale), or such as the popular Substance, he adds
for their Double Sunshine IPA, which White Labs WLP001 (California Ale). the hops late in the brewing process, and
is packed with juicy tropical fruit flavors there is additional dry hopping. That
and bright herbal aromas thanks to the DIRECTIONS method, Bissell says, significantly cuts
abundance of U.S. grown hops. Single infusion mash: Achieve a target down on bitterness while bringing out the
mash of 152°F (67°C). Hold for 45 min- natural flavor of the hops.
utes, then raise to mash-out temperature “Five or six years ago, it was all about
and begin lauter phase. the bitterness: ‘How tough are you? Can
Batch size: 5 gallons (19 liters) Collect enough wort to boil 6.5 gallons you handle this?’” says Bissell. “Now, it’s
OG: 1.074 (24.6 liters) and boil for 60 minutes, fol- more about the myriad of flavors. I think
FG: 1.013 lowing the hops and additions schedule. a lot of brewers are making beers that are
IBU: 100+ After the boil is complete, begin a whirl- similar and have lots and lots of late hops
SRM: 6 pool in the kettle and let the knockout and lots of dry hopping. In Substance, the
ABV: 8% hops rest in the hot wort for at least 30 first bittering addition is 1/30th the size
minutes before chilling. of the hops addition after we turn off the
MALT/GRAIN BILL Chill the wort rapidly to 68°F (20°C). heat on the kettle. Years ago, the bittering
8.5 lb (3.85 kg) 2-row pale ale malt Ferment at 68°F (20°C) for one week. additions were what it was all about—they
12 oz (340 g) Carapilsen malt Cool to 55°F (13°C) to settle the yeast. were getting 100 IBUs from the first addi-
2.5 lb (1.1 kg) Vienna-style malt Dump the yeast from the bottom of the tion. Now, we don’t even care about IBUs.”
1 lb (454 g) flaked oats fermentor or rack to a clean, sanitized Another difference is the number of
6 oz (170 g) Caramunich-type malt vessel. Add the dry hops and let the beer hops available, says Sean Lawson, owner
sit for an additional four to seven days at of Lawson’s Finest Liquids, a small-batch
HOPS & ADDITIONS SCHEDULE 55–57°F (13°C). brewery based in Warren, Vermont. “It
0.75 oz (21 g) Columbus [14% AAU] at 60 used to be all the classic ‘C’ hops, such as
minutes Cascade, Centennial, and Columbus,” says
1 oz (28 g) Citra [12.5% AAU] at 20 minutes Lawson, brewer of the popular IPA, Sip
1 lb (454 g) corn sugar at 10 minutes Replace the 2-row and Carapilsen malts of Sunshine, and the double IPA, Double
3 oz (85 g) Citra [12.5% AAU] at 5 minutes with 6 pounds (2.7 kg) of light liquid Sunshine. “Now you have all these New
3 oz (85 g) Citra [12.5% AAU] at knockout malt extract. Mix the crushed Vien- Zealand hops and hops such as Mosaic and
3 oz (85 g) Citra [12.5% AAU] at dry hop na-style malt, flaked oats, and Caramu- Equinox. It gives me a lot of flexibility.”
nich-type malt into 2 gallons (7.6 liters) “I try to let the hops shine through,”
of water to achieve a temperature of continues Lawson. “The hops are the pre-
152°F (67°C). Hold at this temperature dominant flavor, and the malt really plays
for 45 minutes. a supporting role. Brewers today use tech-
Rinse the grains with 2.5 quarts (2.6 niques, including hop bursting, where
liters) of hot water, add the liquid extract, you add hops late in the boil and even in
and bring to boil. Top off the kettle to 6.5 the whirlpool. This brings out tons of fla-
gallons (24.6 liters). Boil for 60 minutes, vor and allows you to really show the hops
following the hops schedule and adding flavor in the finished product.”
1.5 lb (680 g) of corn sugar with 10 min- At Trillium Brewing Company, Jean-
utes left in the boil. Continue as directed Claude Tetreault (brewmaster and owner)
above. draws inspiration from such breweries
as Jolly Pumpkin in Michigan, Allagash
Brewing Company in Maine, and Cantillion

in Belgium. But his IPAs and double IPAs,

such as Congress Street IPA, Mettle, and Ar-
taic (a double IPA brewed with 100 percent
Mosaic hops and wildflower honey), bring


“Five or six years ago, it was all about the bit-
terness: ‘How tough are you? Can you handle MAKE IT
this?’ The bittering additions were what it was all Ben’s Double
about—they were getting 100 IBUs from the first
addition. Now, it’s more about the myriad of fla- IPA
vors. Now, we don’t even care about IBUs.” Wormtown Brewery (Worcester,
—Noah Bissell, Bissell Brothers Massachusetts) Brewmaster Ben
Roesch shared this extract recipe for
his double IPA.

the crowds to his small Boston brewery. we tasted it and said, ‘This is right.’ Now,
“New England brewers have figured out when we have a beer that isn’t hazy, peo-
a way to put their own stamp on it and to ple ask whether something went wrong.” Batch size: 5 gallons (19 liters)
create their own version of the IPA,” said Bissell agrees. “Our beers are pretty OG: 1.080
Tetreault. “There’s now a New England hazy. Beers don’t have to be clear if you’re FG: 1.014
IPA moniker, which was something creat- making hoppy beers.” IBUs: 100+
ed by the beer fan.” With all of the various IPAs available ABV: 8.6–8.7%
today, how much more can IPAs evolve?
Roll Out Those Hazy, Crazy Shaun Hill of Hill Farmstead (Greensboro MALT/GRAIN BILL
IPAs Bend, Vermont), for one, doesn’t know. 4 oz (113 g) Carapils
One of the characteristics of the so-called “Nearly every yeast, every barrel, every 1 lb (454 g) Maris Otter
New England IPA is the haziness of the hops, and every citrus fruit has been used 8.5 lb (3.85 kg) extra light malt extract
beers. Traditionally, IPAs are clear beers, in combination with the three magic let- (or sufficient to hit the original gravity)
but many of the more popular IPAs in ters,” says Hill. “Surely, something new will
New England are hazy—or “turbid” if you transpire, but I do not see a revolution.” HOPS SCHEDULE
talk to the founder of a popular chain of 2 oz (57 g) Equinox at FWH
beer stores in New England. (Full disclosure: The 2 oz (57 g) Columbus at 60 minutes
“It’s a pretty controversial Wormtown Brewery 2 oz (57 g) Amarillo at 45 minutes
topic,” says Tetreault. “We’re brews a Chocolate 2 oz (57 g) Mosaic at 30 minutes
primarily holding aroma Coconut Stout named 1 oz (28 g) Simcoe at 10 minutes
and flavor in the highest Norm for the author 1 oz (28 g) Amarillo at 0 minutes
regard. Everything else of this article. The au- 3 oz (85 g) Equinox dry hop in the
falls secondary to that. It thor did not partici- fermentor
was pretty jarring when pate in the brewing of 3 oz (85 g) Equinox dry hop in secondary
we brewed our first batch the beer and does not
and we looked at it in a receive any compen- YEAST
glass and asked, ‘What are sation for the beer.) American Ale
we going to do?’ Then
Steep the grains at 155°F (68°C) in 1
gallon (3.8 liters) of water for 30 min-
utes. Remove the grains, top up with
the extract and hot water to hit your
desired boil volume, and boil for 60
minutes. Ferment at 68°F (20°C).

The united
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Hops Aroma:
Uncharted Waters Researchers recently have begun to unravel the
mystery of hops aroma, but many unknowns remain.
varieties such as Cascade and Simcoe. It
has a green, herbaceous, and resinous
aroma associated with fresh hops that will
By Stan Hieronymus be scrubbed away during boiling and fer-
mentation but that will provide distinctive
FIRST, THE BAD NEWS. Although both piney character to a dry-hopped beer.
Citra hops and coriander contain signifi- The oxygenated hydrocarbon com-
cant amounts of the essential oils geraniol pounds are more soluble and aromatic.
and linalool, substituting coriander for Their aromas, or new ones resulting
Citra hops in an India pale ale recipe will from the fermentation process, are more
not produce an award-winning IPA. There’s likely to show up in finished beer. They
good news to come, but first, let’s dig into a include linalool, geraniol, citronellol, and
few basics. hundreds of other compounds. The most
prominent of them will constitute less
Hops Oils 101 than 1 percent of the hops oils. Scientists
A hops cone contains 40 to 50 percent first isolated some of these compounds al-
cellulose, 15 percent protein, and 10 percent most 200 years ago, and Alfred Chapman
water, but it is the alpha acids (from 2 put names to some of them near the end
percent to occasionally 20-plus percent) and of the nineteenth century. But it was the
essential oils (as little as a half a percent) that introduction of gas chromatography in the
interest brewers. Isomerized, alpha acids 1950s that allowed researchers to identify
provide bitterness; volatilized, the com- almost 1,000 compounds.
pounds in essential oils contribute to—and Although sulfur compounds (thiols) are
sometimes dominate—aroma and flavor. a small portion of the oils, they have very
The composition of oils varies based low perception threshold levels (meaning
first on the hops variety, then on multiple that it takes very small amounts to impact
other factors, but most of the compounds sensory perception) and can significantly
(50 to 80 percent) will be hydrocarbons influence aroma, either positively or neg-
(from 20 to 50 percent oxygenated hydro- atively. Measuring thiols is more difficult
carbons) and less than 1 percent sulfur than measuring hydrocarbons because
compounds. thiols are present in such small amounts
Those compounds classified as hy- and very expensive and sophisticated
drocarbons are highly volatile, not very analytical instrumentation is needed. Only
soluble, and are perceptible in finished recently have scientists linked individual

beer only when added very late in the boil thiols with passion fruit, tropical fruit,
or post-fermentation. Myrcene is almost sauvignon blanc grapes, and other exotic
always the most prominent, constituting aromas that characterize hops such as Ci-
50 percent or more of the oils in hops tra and Mosaic. Thiols tend to be divisive


because some drinkers are more likely to perceive ribes (currant,

gooseberry) while others perceive tom-cat urine.
The united
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The Knowns and the Unknowns

Individual compounds may be associated with specific aromas.
For instance, citronellol is green, floral, and citrusy; geraniol is
floral, often reminding one of roses or geraniums; linalool is
floral and orange (see “13 Hops-Odor Compounds to Know,”
page 73, for other hops-odor compounds it is useful to know).
However, when the compounds interact with the hundreds of
other compounds in hops, still more odor compounds result.
Hops Compounds: “Our ultimate goal is to determine what it is in hops oil that
Key Takeaways drives flavor,” says Thomas Shellhammer, who is in charge of
the brewing science education and research programs at Oregon
State University. He and OSU PhD candidates Daniel Sharp and
No single compound is responsible for Daniel Vollmer made it clear at the 2015 Craft Brewers Confer-
a specific “hoppy” aroma. ence how challenging that is.
You cannot simply add X hops for floral
notes and Y hops for fruity notes based on
the amount of certain oils in each, no matter
Now, the Good News
what the Type/Code Hops Chart poster A Japanese team brewed separate beers, one using coriander
might lead you to believe. seeds and the other with Citra, to compare what happens to
the essential oil geraniol in the presence of an excess of linalool
The concentration or amount of a given during fermentation. In both beers, the geraniol was trans-
compound alone is not an indicator of formed into the compound beta-citronellol, which contributes to
its contribution to aroma. citrus and fruity flavor. Although the beer brewed with coriander
But it is relevant whether it occurs above or be-
low its threshold of detection. Sensory percep-
had those fruity flavors, it did not have the same tropical charac-
tion of a compound does not track in a linear ter as the one made with Citra.
way with the amount of that compound. The researchers at Sapporo Breweries followed that experi-
ment with one that examined the behavior of beta-citronellol
Depending on a compound’s concen- and geraniol—again in the presence of linalool—when various
tration, the sensory perception of that different varieties were blended. They discovered, for instance,
compound can change. that when geraniol-rich Bravo hops are added along with Simcoe
Less can be more, which is why thiols at low
levels result in pleasant fruity aromas, but at
(rich in 4-mercapto-4-methyl-pentan-2-one), the beer is perceived
higher levels are perceived as catty. as more flowery, citrus, and fruity.
That’s useful information, but unfortunately it does not assure
Synergy and masking play a major role that blending Chinook, or some other variety high in geraniol, with
in perception. Nugget, which has more linalool than most other hops, will do the
Synergy occurs when two or more com- same. Our knowledge of how these low-level chemical interactions
pounds interact to create something differ-
ent. Masking occurs when one compound
create compounds that then translate into sensory perceptions is still
suppresses the perception of another. at a very formative stage.
Although researchers recently have begun to unravel the mystery
Most research focuses on the analysis of hops aroma, many unknowns remain. Panelists from OSU
of individual components. made that clear during the seminar “Understanding How to
Hops science is still focused on understand- Control Flavor and Aroma Consistency in Dry Hopped Beer” at
ing the individual compounds and has yet
to dig deeper into exploring the interactive
the 2015 CBC. “I imagine you guys probably have more questions
sensory effects of different combinations of about this than when I started. I do, too. That’s kind of the way
those compounds. You have to learn to walk science goes,” Daniel Sharp admitted candidly. “It’s job security on
before you can run. our part.”

The interactions are the keys to un- The Takeaways

locking the secrets of aroma. “[Brewers] want a checklist that matches oils and flavors,” says
Compounds within hops change constantly, Peter Darby of Wye Hops in England. “It’s not that simple.” For
beginning even before cones are picked and
example, brewers have asked hops breeders for new hops variet-
continuing post-fermentation. Much recent
research has focused on biotransformations ies with high oil levels. But in a first round of research focused
(the biochemical changes that occur in the on Cascade, Vollmer found that the quality of the oil—as deter-
presence of yeast). The matrix that includes mined both by sensory panels and by examining the levels of
different hops varieties and different yeast specific compounds—influences perception more than quantity.
strains in different wort environments is No single compound is responsible for a specific “hoppy”
confoundingly complex.
aroma. “You can’t say, ‘We’ll add a little bit of this, a little bit of
that,’” says ex-Miller Brewing hops chemist Pat Ting, explaining
that brewers make a mistake when they try to equate specific oils
with specific odor compounds.
The concentration or amount of a given compound alone is not
an indicator of its contribution to aroma, but it is relevant wheth-
er it occurs above or below its threshold of detection.


Researchers at Sapporo Breweries 13 Hops-Odor
discovered that when geraniol-rich Compounds to
Bravo hops are added along with Know
Simcoe (rich in 4MMP), the beer is
perceived as more flowery, citrusy, caryophyllene » woody
citronellol » citrusy, fruity
and fruity. But unfortunately that farnesene » floral
does not assure that blending geraniol » floral, rose, geranium

Chinook, or some other variety high humulene » woody, piney

limonene » citrusy, orange
in geraniol, with Nugget, which has linalool » floral, orange
more linalool than most other hops, myrcene » green, resinous, piney

will do the same. nerol » rose, citrusy

pinene » spicy, piney
3-mercaptohexanol » guava, tropical
3 mercaptoheyl acetate » muscat, passion
Depending on a compound’s concentration, the sensory per-
ception of that compound can change. Less can be more, which 4-mercapto-4-methyl-pentan-2-one »
black currant, tropical
is why thiols at low levels result in pleasant fruity aromas, but at
higher levels are perceived as catty.
Synergy and masking play a major role in perception. Synergy
occurs when two or more compounds interact to create some- Hops by
thing different. Masking occurs when one compound suppresses
the perception of another.
Most research focuses on the analysis of individual compo-
nents—because those still aren’t understood—rather than the Geraniol-rich Hops
interactive sensory effects. The interactions are the keys to Aurora, Bravo, Cascade, Centennial, Chinook,
unlocking the secrets of aroma. Citra, Mosaic, Motueka, Styrian Golding
Hops-derived compounds change constantly, beginning even Linalool-rich Hops
before cones are picked and continuing post-fermentation. Much Amarillo, Cascade, Centennial, Citra, Glacier,
recent research has focused on biotransformations (the biochem- Millennium, Mount Hood, Nugget, Pacifica,
ical changes that occur in the presence of yeast). The matrix that
includes different hops varieties and different yeast strains in Hops that Contain 4-mercapto-4-meth-
different wort environments is confoundingly complex. ylpentan-2-one (4MMP)
Apollo, Cascade, Centennial, Citra, Chinook,
Cluster, Equinox, Mosaic, Simcoe, Summit
One from Column A
Studies at OSU and elsewhere ultimately will help commercial
breweries make beers with more consistent hops flavor and aro-
ma profiles. Vollmer’s ongoing research determined that several
lots of Cascade grown on different farms in the Pacific North-
west might have the exact same overall level of hops oils but the
composition of those oils is very different, and not surprisingly a
sensory panel can confirm the difference. “[Brewers] need to be
aware that this phenomenon can happen,” he says.
When Sharp began working on his masters degree in 2010,
brewers often couldn’t even get information about the percentage
of essential oils in the hops they bought. “Now you are starting to
see linalool and geraniol [content] listed more often. It’s getting
there,” he says. Perhaps information about the amounts of those
compounds and still others will be available to even the small-
est brewers, and of course homebrewers, by the time scientists
determine which compounds are meaningful.
The research at Sapporo suggests how broad the possibili-
ties are, although it doesn’t guarantee what might result from
blending any particular geraniol-rich hops, or even two of them,
with one containing an abundance of linalool. For one thing,
the sulfur compound 4-mercapto-4-methylpentan-2-one

(4MMP) also occurs in many of the same varieties, and it

influences the creation of fruity-odor compounds.
But coriander contains no 4MMP, which is one more reason
to stick to hops when brewing an IPA.

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How to Brew Your

Best IPA Ever
If you’re ready to take your IPA to the next level, and maybe even win an
award along the way, use these tips to improve your odds of making the
final round. By Dave Carpenter
to introduce intense hops flavor and aroma
without risking harsh bitterness. Just
choose high alpha-acid hops for late-kettle
additions and skip the bittering charge al-
together. Good candidates for hop bursting
INDIA PALE ALE REMAINS the most double check the competition guidelines include such potent varieties as Apollo,
popular craft-beer style in the United States. before you enter to make sure you choose Bravo, Calypso, Citra, El Dorado, Mosaic,
With unprecedented access to a diverse the right style category for your entry. See Simcoe, and Sorachi Ace.
range of hops and plenty of inspiration in “BJCP IPA Categories” (page 76) for the When designing your hops regimen,
the form of innovative breweries across the 2008 and 2015 categories. consider aiming low—bitterness, that is.
country, it’s no wonder that homebrewers For a number of years, brewers have raced
continue to flock to American IPA. Choose Ingredients with Care to make IPAs more and more bitter, but
IPA’s popularity, however, means that IPA is all about hops, so your choice of the trend is reversing and overly bitter IPAs
those who enter competitions in the India hops varieties, quantities, and timing can stand out, but not in a good way.
Pale Ale category may need to do a bit make or break your beer. For bitterness, One of the surest ways to prevent a great
more to set their examples apart. If you’re look to a clean variety such as Magnum, IPA from scoring well is to overthink the
ready to take your IPA to the next level, Nugget, or Galena that will deliver the malt. Brewers sometimes have a tendency
and maybe even win an award along the alpha acids without getting in the way. Sy- to throw in everything but the kitchen
way, use these tips to improve your odds ringes of hops extract offer an intense dose sink, but resist that temptation. By all
of making the final round. of bittering without introducing vegetal means, include some crystal malt, but
matter into your kettle. These concentrated use a light malt and a lighter hand. Try
Understand the Style Guide alpha-acid delivery vehicles are especial- flavorful base malts or include a small
Making a great beer is as simple as brew- ly useful for big double IPAs in which portion of Munich to add depth without
ing something that you enjoy drinking. bittering with actual hops would require an sacrificing crispness.
But making an award-winning beer obscene amount of hops material. A hallmark of any IPA is drinkability, but
means brewing something that a beer The sky’s the limit for flavor hops, high-octane examples based exclusively
judge enjoys drinking and feels meets the aroma hops, and dry hops, but getting just on malt are likely to finish with a sticky
style parameters. Tasting is, of course, the right blend requires knowledge and sweetness that distracts drinkers and judg-
inherently subjective, but trained beer experimentation. SMaSH (single malt and es from the intense hops character. Double
judges work hard to make the process as single hop) beers are a great way to identify IPAs, and even many standard-strength
repeatable and objective as possible. the characteristics that individual hops will IPAs, may therefore benefit from substi-
Most homebrew competitions adhere bring to the party. By blending several dif- tuting a simple sugar such as dextrose for
to the beer style guide published by the ferent SMaSH beers in your glass, you can some of the malt base—some of the high-
Beer Judge Certification Program (BJCP). approximate how they might play together est-rated commercial double IPAs we’ve
Although the 2015 guide has been avail- when you combine them in your IPA. reviewed here at Craft Beer & Brewing
able for some time, competitions are still Hop bursting (the practice of adding gen- use dextrose to achieve the desired level of
in the process of moving from the 2008 erous amounts of hops in the final fifteen alcohol without excess malt body.
edition to the new standard. So be sure to or so minutes of the boil) is a beautiful way The classic yeast for American IPA is the


Chico strain (See “Yeast: A Force behind
IPA 2.0,” page 81), which is prized for its
clean, seen-but-not-heard character. You
can’t go wrong with Wyeast 1056, White
Labs WLP001, or Safale US-05.
That said, beer judges are people, too.
Objectivity is always the goal, but the reality
of judging is that it’s easy for one citrusy,
piney IPA to taste like the last citrusy,
piney IPA. Offering the judges a unique
experience that stands out from the rest
of the flight automatically gives you a leg
up. So consider using a more characterful
American-ale yeast such as one of the
increasingly popular New England strains.
Conan, the best-known New England
strain, is available as GY054 Vermont IPA
from GigaYeast, as Vermont Ale from The
Yeast Bay, or as WLP095 Burlington Ale
from White Labs. ECY10 Old Newark Ale
from East Coast Yeast could also be a good
selection. It is supposedly the old Ballan-
tine strain, presumably sourced before
Sierra Nevada got hold of it.
Or let a British-ale strain have a go. Nick
Arzner from Block 15 Brewing (Corvallis,
Oregon) suggests that using an English
ale yeast such as Wyeast 1098 can give
Objectivity is always the goal, but the reality of
your IPA a fuller body (see Nick’s Alpha judging is that it’s easy for one citrusy, piney IPA
IPA recipe, page 63). Just make sure your
chosen strain fully attenuates.
to taste like the last citrusy, piney IPA. Offering
Water is a key ingredient that may very the judges a unique experience that stands out
well put your IPA ahead of the pack.
Brewers who depend upon extract for fer-
from the rest of the flight automatically gives you
mentable malt sugars needn’t worry about a leg up. So consider using a more characterful
it as much as all-grain brewers, but even
extract-based IPA can sometimes benefit
American-ale yeast such as one of the increas-
from water additions to help the hops pop. ingly popular New England strains…
BJCP IPA Categories
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Big changes are underway 2015 BJCP guidelines offer Notice something missing?
in the way the IPA style no fewer than ten for IPAs: Yep, there’s no category for
is judged in homebrew Session IPA, even though
12C. English IPA
competition. The BJCP that was the fourth-most-
21A. American IPA
2008 guidelines had three entered style among
21B. Specialty IPA, which in-
catetories for IPAs: professional brewers at the
cludes specific subtypes for
2015 Great American Beer
14A. English IPA Belgian IPA
Festival. So, for Session IPA,
14B. American IPA Black IPA
you’ll have to go with an
14C. Imperial IPA Brown IPA
unqualified 21B Specialty
But as a sign of the strength IPA and specify that it’s a ses-
and importance of the IPA sion-strength American IPA.
White IPA
style, the newly released
22A. Double IPA

Don’t fly blind, though: If you don’t IPA is best served fresh. You won’t have
know what’s in your water to begin with, the benefit of aging time that might nor-
don’t mess with it. But if your water mally smooth out minor injuries incurred
report indicates that you’re working with during fermentation, so it’s especially im-
especially soft water, or if you need to start portant to get fermentation right. Brewers
with reverse osmosis (RO) water, then of award-winning commercial styles em-
consider using a water-chemistry tool phasize the importance of pitching a large,
such as Bru’n Water ( well-oxygenated population of healthy
site/brunwater/) or the Mash Chemistry yeast cells near the middle of the strain’s
and Brewing Water Calculator at Brewer’s preferred temperature range. Slowly in-
Friend ( It may creasing the temperature after a couple of
be that a bit of gypsum is all that’s needed days helps promote attenuation and reduce
to take your IPA from good to outstanding diacetyl in the finished product.
(see “Water: The Overlooked Essential,” Dry hops are added after fermentation
page 75 for more about brewers’ approach- and are generally chosen to complement
es to water in brewing IPAs). the late kettle hops. But dry hops can also
provide interesting contrast, so consider
Dial in Your Process dividing your batch of IPA into several
The only mash you need for American smaller volumes and dry hopping each
IPA is the trusty single-temperature version a little differently, from obvious to
infusion mash, which is perfectly suited esoteric. You may just discover a combina-
to the well-modified malts used to brew tion that surprises and delights you.
these hoppy styles. To improve attenuation,
try mashing on the lower end of the typical Nail the Submission Re-
range: 150°F (66°C) isn’t a bad place to start. quirements
Boiling wort for a great American IPA You’ve put tremendous time and effort
need not be a complex affair, but as the into brewing the perfect IPA: Don’t let a
number of hops additions increases, so technicality disqualify your entry! Read and
does the risk of adding the wrong thing at re-read the submission guidelines, and fol-
the wrong time. Weigh out your hops into low them to the letter. Most competitions
small bowls or cups and require standard longneck bottles with no
line them up in order with identifying marks, so keep that in mind.
sticky notes or pieces of Drop off your samples or ship them well
paper telling you exactly in advance (not via the USPS: that’s a fel-
when each dose needs ony) so that they arrive at the judging site
to go in. before the deadline. But once the bottles
leave your hands, try to relax as you await
your results.
If you win a medal, congratulations! But
don’t be too hard on yourself if you don’t.
Instead, read the judge’s comment sheets
and take their suggestions to heart. Then
go back to your recipe and try, try
again. It may be that a few minor
tweaks are all that stand between
you and a gold medal.


Don’t Judge A Book By Its Cover
Once upon a time, a brewer or drinker could
reliably identify a beer based on color and
clarity—blonde ales were light gold, hefewei-
zens were cloudy, and IPAs were clear and
amber. But today’s brewers defy conven-
tions with color and clarity across the map
regardless of whether it’s a session, regular, or
double IPA. To show just how hard it can be
to guess the beer based on looks alone, see
if you can guess which beers each of these
glasses corresponds to. Beers pictured, in no
particular order, are:

» Speakeasy Baby Daddy Session IPA

» Avery Raja Double IPA
» Tree House Julius IPA
» Left Hand Introvert Session IPA
» Foley Brothers Fair Maiden Double IPA
» Firestone Walker Easy Jack Session IPA
» Avery IPA
» Tröegs Blizzard of Hops
Answers are in the lower left margin. 1 2

3 4 5

6 7 8

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said to exhibit “Burton snatch,” a sulfuric
aroma caused by copious concentrations
of gypsum, or calcium sulfate.
You’re unlikely to find that legendary
Burton snatch in any of today’s leading ex-
amples. But you’ll still find brewers whose
stylistic approaches are as tied to the local
water as they are to malt, hops, and yeast.

West Coast

The Overlooked Essential When one speaks of “West Coast IPA” as a

distinct style, it’s hard to not think of San
Diego’s Green Flash Brewing Company.
After all, they named their flagship beer
Alas, water is to most IPA drinkers as Arrested Development’s Ann Veal is to just that, a chicken-or-egg move that
Michael Bluth (that is, the thing that’s always around yet you’re constantly either planted a great idea in everyone’s
forgetting about). And yet, water is essential to every IPA—every beer, in fact. heads or succinctly captured what we
By Dave Carpenter were all thinking anyway, depending upon
whom you ask.
“Our water is perfect for brewing very
WATER IS THE FORGOTTEN step- From the mountains to the prairies to fer- hoppy beers,” says Green Flash Brewmas-
sibling in the family of brewing ingre- mentors topped with foam, the diversity ter Erik Jensen. “I think that’s one reason
dients. When malt and hops make their of regional variations can be attributed, at you see so many great IPAs coming out of
grand entrance into the fairy-tale ball- least in part, to the ways in which brewers San Diego.”
room, the string quartet stops and heads approach water. The local water, about two-thirds of
turn. Yeast is content to sneak in through which is sourced from the Colorado River,
the side door, but it remains always capri- Once upon a Time in Burton has a high mineral content that echoes
cious, lead-stealing one moment and coyly Any discussion of water’s role in defining what made Burton so successful. “We
fading into the shadows the next. IPA must necessarily begin with Bur- don’t really treat our water at all,” says
But water spends its evenings shuttling ton-upon-Trent. While India Pale Ale’s Jensen. “It’s sort of in the tradition of the
the other three from one party to the next, origin is shrouded in folklore as much as world’s great styles, where brewers worked
the unseen driver of an invisible carriage. it is steeped in history, it is was in Burton with the water they had and brewed beer
Never in the history of civilization has a that Samuel Allsopp & Sons and Bass & that complemented it.”
single drop of beer passed a pair of lips Company developed and marketed the But Green Flash’s West Coast IPA, first
and prompted the imbiber to exclaim, “My, inspiration for modern IPA. brewed in 2004, is just one link in a chain
what a lovely sulfate-to-chloride ratio!” Burton’s pale ales and IPAs owed much of groundbreaking, ever hoppier ales that
And yet, water is essential to IPA and of their character to the high-sulfate includes such stalwarts as Stone IPA,
every other beer you’ve ever tasted. Just waters that brewers tapped into from local AleSmith IPA, Ballast Point Sculpin, and
because we don’t notice it doesn’t mean wells. With high levels of dissolved min- countless others. Why did so many of these
it’s unimportant. Brewers of Irish stout erals, Burton water proved to be the ideal over-the-hops ales rise up from the West
and Czech Pilsner have long understood foundation for hoppy pale ale. In fact, Coast? It seems there was something in the
that water can make or break a style. In Burton-brewed beers were sometimes water. And not just San Diego’s.
the case of India pale ale, it was originally
the water of Burton-upon-Trent that made
possible the highly hopped brew of two
centuries ago.
Today, American craft brewers churn Never in the history of civilization has a
single drop of beer passed a pair of lips and

out award-winning IPAs from sea to

shining sea. But in a country as large and
multifaceted as the United States, brew- prompted the imbiber to exclaim, “My, what
ing IPA is hardly a homogeneous affair.
a lovely sulfate-to-chloride ratio!”
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States of

About 600 miles to the north, Bear Re-

public Brewing Company brews the highly
The water of Vermont’s Green Mountains, it
decorated Racer 5 IPA, an archetype of the turns out, is considerably softer than that found
West Coast style. And the approach echoes
that of Green Flash. “We’re fortunate to
out West. “All we need to do is add some gypsum,
be part of the Russian River aquifer, so which lowers the pH of the mash and brings
our water is high in mineral content,” says
Brewmaster Richard Norgrove.
up the sulfate-chloride ratio,” says Dan Foley of
Like Jensen, Norgrove says he doesn’t Foley Brothers Brewing. As in Burton, elevated
have to change the water much to create
hoppy styles. “There’s plenty of manga-
sulfate enhances crispness and highlights hops
nese,” he continues, “which contributes bitterness in their lineup of hops-forward ales.
to a particular hops character that I think
creates some of the regional differences be-
tween East and West Coast interpretations.”
Yes, like hip hop, swing dance, and interpretations of the style unique is less more about adjusting your water profile,
oysters, IPA changes somewhat when you about water—virtually any brewer can brew see “Brewing Water,” Craft Beer & Brewing
move three time zones to the right. with any water nowadays—than it is about Magazine®, Winter 2014/15.)
the approach to the hops themselves. If you brew frequently and go through a
East Coast At Foley Brothers, the bittering charges lot of water, it may be worth installing an
“I couldn’t build a West Coast IPA if are delivered almost exclusively with RO system. The convenience of having
I wanted to.” That’s how Dan Foley, Magnum, a cultivar known for deliver- RO on demand can’t be beat, but such
co-owner and co-brewer of Foley Brothers ing a clean, smooth bitterness. Loads of systems can easily run into the hundreds
Brewing in Brandon, Vermont, responded late-kettle hops are further augmented of dollars. And that’s before replacement
when I asked him how he approaches his with what Dan calls a “quasi hopback,” a filters, which can add up with time.
acclaimed American IPAs. sort of hop spider that lets him baste hops For a low-cost alternative to in-home
“We’re lucky in Vermont,” says Dan. with recirculated wort right in the kettle. systems, seek out your local grocery store’s
“Our water comes from two aquifers, it’s Foley does adjust his water to brew hop- bottled water aisle. Many have a machine
non-chlorinated, and it’s low in sulfate. py styles, but one of the joys of soft water right in the store from which you can
Nothing needs to be removed, and addi- is that one can build up a desirable profile fill your own containers for pennies per
tions for IPA are simple.” from scratch. gallon. Of course, doing so requires a trip
Dan explains that when he and brother to the store, but it’s a small price to pay for
Patrick first opened their brewery, they Working from a Blank Canvas better beer.
experimented with using the straight, What are you to do, however, if you’re not
non-adjusted water and sent samples as lucky as the good people at Foley Broth- Something in the Water?
off to labs for analysis. The water of the ers, Bear Republic, or Green Flash? What The days when the water from the tap
Green Mountains, it turns out, is consid- if your water isn’t that great for drinking, limited the beer that you brewed are long
erably softer than that found out West. much less brewing beer? gone. Today’s brewers are free to start
“All we need to do is add some gypsum, If your water leaves something to be with a blank canvas and build up custom
which lowers the pH of the mash and desired, then starting with reverse-osmosis profiles to accentuate whatever character-
brings up the sulfate-chloride ratio,” he water may be the best approach. Similar istics they desire. It’s thus comforting to
says. As in Burton, elevated sulfate enhanc- in purity to distilled water, reverse-osmosis hear brewers such as Foley, Jensen, and
es crispness and highlights hops bitterness (RO) water has been forced through a semi- Norgrove use words like lucky, fortunate,
in Foley Brothers’ lineup of hops-forward permeable membrane, leaving dissolved and perfect to describe their water sources

ales, which include Fair Maiden Imperial minerals on one side and H2O, served neat, because despite regional differences, the
IPA, Citrennial IPA, Pieces of Eight Impe- on the other. Starting with pure water, you two coasts (and all of us in the middle) are
rial IPA, and Native IPA. then build the exact water profile you want united in our love for modern American
Dan says that what makes East Coast through calculated mineral additions. (For IPA.


A Force behind IPA 2.0
Today’s most creative craft brewers
know how to select yeast strains
that don’t just ferment maltose, but
also dance alongside hops that are
at once tropical, citrusy, earthy, pin-
ey, and floral. By Dave Carpenter


Favorite. These are not, as the uninitiat-
ed might initially suspect, terms for the
Mountain Time Zone’s most popular
cannabis products. These are, in fact,
names that have been lovingly bestowed
upon distinct strains of Saccharomyces
cerevisiae: good ol’ ale yeast.
Just as poodles and Great Danes reflect
the selective pressures that breeders have
placed upon Canis lupus familiaris, indi-
vidual yeast strains express the cumulative
effects of centuries of environmental
adaptation and random mutation. Beer
nerds sometimes describe certain styles
as “yeast-driven,” meaning that yeast ex-
pression is a critical aspect of the finished
product. English bitters, Hefeweizen, and
most Belgian-inspired styles find them-
selves huddling beneath this umbrella.
Brewers of such styles will get into
heated debates about the relative merits
of yeasts from Westmalle or Chimay,
Dupont or Thiriez, Weihenstephan or
Schneider. Brewers of American India
pale ale, however, have long specified a
crescendo of exceptionally precise hops
additions, only to close with a predictable
denouement: “Ferment with American
ale yeast.”
Admittedly, we know what that means
(more on that in a minute), but American
IPA ain’t what it used to be. Today’s most
creative craft brewers know how to select

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yeast strains that don’t just ferment malt- it can, in fact, throw impressive esters Because Bear Republic’s beers are bottle
ose, but also dance alongside hops that are when it ferments above or below its pre- conditioned, the interaction between yeast
at once tropical, citrusy, earthy, piney, and ferred temperature range. character and hops profile changes with
floral. The trick is knowing what you want “These [West Coast] yeasts have a time. “Everyone at Bear Republic has a
and then experimenting until you get it. potential ester profile. If you play with favorite way to drink Racer 5,” he says.
And knowing what you want from your fermentation temperature, you can really For Norgrove, that’s three to four months
yeast is a major driving force behind IPA influence the character of the beer,” says after production. “The hops no longer
2.0. Richard Norgrove of Bear Republic Brew- dominate, and you start to get some ester-
ing Company (Healdsburg, California). ification. It becomes almost more English
Châteaux de Chico He’s partial to White Labs WLP051 Cali- in style.”
There are plenty of American-ale yeasts fornia Ale V, which is somewhat more ex- Hmmm! A West Coast IPA that tastes
out there. But just as we use Q-Tip and pressive than classic Chico yeast (“Hmm, English?
Kleenex to identify cotton swabs and where did that guy get that number?” asks
facial tissues of any brand, talking about the award-winning brewer of Racer 5 with English Accents
“American-ale yeast” means only one a chuckle upon mentioning Cali V). Erik Jensen of Green Flash Brewing Com-
thing: Chico. “If you ferment California Ale V at pany in San Diego thinks a key differen-
Chico is probably the most widely used 66–68°F [19–20°C], say, it’s not going to tiator for East and West Coast brewers of
craft yeast strain on the West Coast, if throw tremendous esters. But raise it to IPA may be the lineage of their preferred
not in the entire country. You know it 72–74°F [22–24°C], and that same yeast can yeast strains. Green Flash’s proximity to
as White Labs California Ale (WLP001), throw bubblegum and Juicy Fruit charac- White Labs affords him the opportunity
Wyeast American Ale (1056), or Safale ter into the beer, giving a round sweetness to taste a number of the yeast bank’s
US-05. “Chico” refers to the hometown that complements the hops profile.” experiments, which often include splitting
of Sierra Nevada Brewing Company, Norgrove knows a thing or two about a single batch of wort and fermenting it
from which the strain is said to have been integrating interesting flavors. While with multiple yeast strains. Each result-
sourced. Legend has it that Sierra Nevada, Racer 5 remains a classic interpretation of ing beer gets tested for a number of key
in turn, obtained it from Ballantine de- the West Coast IPA style, Bear Republic’s metrics, including International Bittering
cades ago. Whence it arrived at Ballantine Apex imperial IPA is a chance to play. “We Units (IBUs).
may forever remain locked in the vaults of reserve the right to change Apex each year “A beer that hits 50 IBUs with a Califor-
brewing lore. according to the hops that are available,” nia-ale strain might only come up as 35
Whatever its roots (and inevitable mu- he tells me. Right now, his favorite hops is IBUs when fermented using a British-ale
tations along the way), Chico is famously a new cultivar known only as Experimen- strain, even though the original wort is the
clean, meaning that fermentation by-prod- tal Hop 06277. He has nicknamed it Stitch same,” says Jensen.
ucts are relatively few. Thus, the West for its ability to seamlessly weave in and It seems that the house strains that have
Coast IPA drinker experiences a more or out of Apex’s hops profile and keep beer developed at East Coast breweries may en-
less unadulterated expression of malt and drinkers guessing. And it seems to work joy a more direct lineage to classic British
hops. But despite Chico’s clean reputation, well with the brewery’s house yeast strain. strains than those on the West Coast. The
Alchemist’s well-known Conan strain, for
example, was begat from one of brewing
legend Greg Noonan’s preferred yeasts at
the Vermont Pub and Brewery. In all like-
Richard Norgrove of Bear Republic Brewing lihood, Noonan’s strain had its origins in
the United Kingdom, but as with Chico,
Company says, “If you ferment California Ale V Conan’s actual family tree may very well
at 66–68°F [19–20°C], say, it’s not going to throw be lost to the ages.
Whatever the case may be, it’s undeniable
tremendous esters. But raise it to 72–74°F [22–24°C], that many of the best IPAs from the East
and that same yeast can throw bubblegum and Coast exhibit a qualitatively different bit-
terness and hops presence than their West
Juicy Fruit character into the beer, giving a round Coast counterparts. Neither is innately
sweetness that complements the hops profile.” better or worse than the other. Rather, they


It’s a
of Yeast
In “Gather No Moss: The
Perpetual Evolution of
Heady Topper” (Craft
Beer & Brewing Mag-
azine®, Issue 1 (Spring
2014), Stan Hieronymus
explained the interplay
between yeast and
John Kimmich, the mas-
“A beer that hits 50 IBUs termind behind The
with a California ale Alchemist brewery and
Heady Topper double
strain might only come IPA, acquired the Alche-
mist house yeast strain,
up as 35 IBUs when fer- known as “Conan” as
well as VPB1188, when
mented using a British he worked at Vermont
Pub and Brewery. Over
ale strain, even though time it evolved into his
the original wort is the own, just as Vermont
Pub and Brewery found-
same,” says Erik Jensen er Greg Noonan made it
his own after acquiring
of Green Flash Brewing it from English sources.
Kimmich particularly
Company of yeast exper- likes the apricot and
iments at White Labs. tropical fruit aromas this
strain produces, a com-
bination of the esters
that result after yeast
creates alcohol and the
hops-derived aroma
assure full attenuation. “Our dry-hop reg- compounds that evolve
imen is also fast,” Foley observes. “We’ll during the fermentation
do a single dry hop for standard IPA and a process (called biotrans-
formations by brewing
double addition for double IPA.”
scientists). However,
Foley also advises brewers to keg their Kimmich is pretty
beer if at all possible. “We started out by confident that he could
bottle conditioning, and the warm carbon- give Alchemist Heady
ation period seemed to age the beer and Topper a West Coast
degrade the hops profile.” Kegging lets hops character more
like a Double IPA from
him keep the beer cold, which is crucial
San Diego if pressed to
represent two different approaches to the for preserving delicate hops flavors and do so.
same overarching style (see “It’s a Matter aromas. How? Well, once,
of Yeast,” at right, for more insight into the East Coast and West Coast brewers are when tasting and
yeast-hops interaction). both fanatical about freshness, which discussing yeast exper-
Sixty miles south of The Alchemist, means that in the end, we all win, no imentation with Shaun
Hill (of Hill Farmstead
Dan Foley of Foley Brothers Brewing matter the yeast strain.
Brewery), Kimmich
(Brandon, Vermont) admits to using not speculated about fer-
just one yeast strain but a blend. “The A Yeast for the Senses menting his own beer
yeast strain absolutely has a big impact,” There’s no right or wrong way to brew with White Labs Califor-
he says. “We pitch a ton of yeast with lots IPA, as long as consumers continue to nia Ale Yeast (WLP001)
of oxygen so that our IPAs ferment out in enjoy the products that today’s brewers instead of his own
VPB1188. When asked
just three or four days.” are so carefully crafting. Yeast selection
about why he would do
Foley believes in getting his IPAs from certainly makes a difference, but even the that, he replied, “That’s
grain to glass as quickly as possible. perfect strain won’t deliver if it’s treated simple. We’re taking
That means fast fermentation and quick poorly. But given the right combination Heady to the profile of a
conditioning. The Foley brothers like to of oxygen, pitch rates, fermentation San Diego IPA.”

ferment their IPAs in the high sixties temperature, and, yes, yeast strain, the
Fahrenheit (about 20°C) and then raise the dedicated IPA brewer can turn out a work
temperature to the low seventies (about of art. And that’s something we can all get
22°C) near the end of fermentation to behind, no matter where we live.


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J Lohr, Clos du Bois & more
The bitterness battle is over as brewers instead pivot to explore
the wide range of flavors available in hops today. Our tasting panel
revisited American IPAs, double IPAs, and session IPAs to
explore just how far brewers have pushed the styles.


How We
Taste & Test
Reviewing beer may sound like a
dream job, but our tasting and re-
view panel takes the role seriously.
Composed entirely of Beer Judge
Certification Program (BJCP) judg-
es who have all studied, trained,
and been tested on their ability to
discern characteristics in beer, our
panel is independent and doesn’t
include any CB&B editors or staff.
The panel tastes all beer blindly—
they do not know what brands
and beers they are tasting until the
tasting is complete.
Our goal is to inform you about
the strengths and weaknesses
of these beers as well as their rel-
ative differences (not everyone
has the same taste in beer, so
accurate descriptors are more 10 Barrel 21st Amend- Almanac IPA
valuable than straight numerical
values). The quotes you see Joe IPA ment Brew
are compiled from the review
panel’s score sheets to give you a Free! Or Die
well-rounded picture of the beer.
As our reviewers judge, they
score based on the standard
BJCP components: Aroma (max | ABV: 6.8% | IBU: 70 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7% | IBU: 70 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7.5% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |
12 points), Appearance (max 3
points), Flavor (max 20 points), What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
Mouthfeel (max 5 points), “Meet Joe IPA, formerly Sam, named “This aromatic golden IPA is brewed “California 2-row, German Vienna,
and Overall Impression (max after the hops Simcoe, Amarillo, and with some serious West Coast attitude. crystal, and biscuit malts combine with
10 points). We’ve listed these Mosaic. Joe packs a full-on hops punch It starts with three different hops to Apollo, El Dorado, Simcoe, and Mosaic
individual component scores,
and the bottom-line number is in the face.” the nose, quickly balanced by a solid hops to create an IPA with intense
derived from adding then dou- malt backbone supporting the firm aromas of grapefruit and tangerine peel,
bling these component scores to What our panel thought bitterness.” melon, pineapple, and pine trees.”
produce a rating on a 100-point Aroma: “Moderate citrus with light
scale. Note that we’ve rounded pine and big tropical notes of mango, What our panel thought What our panel thought
the printed component scores to tangerine, and pineapple with hints of Aroma: “A strong interplay between Aroma: “Lots of fruit character—pine,
the nearest whole number, so the
math won’t necessarily add up. some Juicy Fruit, even. Noticeable sweet some floral hoppiness and malty sweet- grapefruit, slight orange—backed by
Our judges use the following maltiness that’s not over the top.” ness give a sense of fresh honey and some biscuity notes, a hint of pine, and
scale in valuing scores: Flavor: “Grapefruit, some tangerine, additional notes of light grass, banana, an unexpected moderate spicy note with
95–100 » Extraordinary and light pineapple backed by moderate orange, and peach. Light earthy/resiny peppercorn.”
World-class beers of superlative resinous dank hops and a bit of malt hops, moderate malt, and a touch of Flavor: “A blend of tropical fruit flavors
character and flawless execution sweetness, big mouth-filling carbon- toast and caramel.” including mango and pineapple, atop
90–94 » Exceptional ation. A very clean beer that allows some Flavor: “Juicy tropical fruits, oranges, a slightly resinous pine foundation.
Distinguished beers with special pleasant hops flavors to shine through and peaches with a hint of vanilla? An Biscuity malt character is just sweet
character, style, and flavor
85–89 » Very good without showing off.” adequate malt body adds hints of toast enough to balance the bitterness, which
Well-crafted beers with note- Overall: “There’s a nice rhythm to this and a bit of sweetness that carries is firm but doesn’t get in the way. Slight
worthy flavor and style one, where the aroma flows into the into the finish. The finish flirts with mint and a little onion add depth under
80–84 » Good flavor and just keeps flowing from after- bitterness, but that small bit of honey the juicy character. Aftertaste is bitter
Solid, quality, enjoyable beers taste to the next sip and so on. The juicy sweetness helps keep it in check. Despite and long lasting, doesn’t grow but stays
75–79 » Above Average fruity goodness on the nose and palate the perceived sweetness, it’s remarkably with you.”
Drinkable and satisfactory beers
with minor flaws or style deviations blends nicely with the earthy/dank dry, and the bitterness helps balance it.” Overall: “This beer strives for a rational
70–74 » Average aftertaste for an unusual, but satisfying Overall: “A well-brewed take on an IPA and luscious compromise between New
50–69 » Not recommended drinking experience. Slightly subdued that’s both fun and uncommon. The in- England soft fruitiness and West Coast
We’d like for you to keep one but incredibly drinkable—this is the terplay of malt and hops is well crafted, dry bitterness. It gives the discerning
thing in mind as you read these beer you settle down with after getting and this is a great example of an IPA drinker the best of both worlds and
reviews—your perception of a burned by all those flashy IPAs, with that uses the malt to its advantage with invites sip after sip. Why choose when
beer is more important than their fast cars, tattoos, and promises of supporting earthy hops bitterness and you can have it all?”
that of our review panel or edi- exotic flavors.” floral fun.”
torial staff, and reading reviews

98 97 92
in a magazine (or on the Web AROMA: 12 AROMA: 12 AROMA: 11
or in a book) is no substitute for APPEARANCE: 3 APPEARANCE: 3 APPEARANCE: 3
trying the beer yourself. MOUTHFEEL: 4 MOUTHFEEL: 4 MOUTHFEEL: 4


Alpine Duet Avery IPA Ballast Point Bells Two
Sculpin Hearted Ale

| ABV: 7% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.5% | IBU: 69 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7% | IBU: 70 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“A West Coast IPA that features Amarillo “Colorado’s hoppiest pale ale, Avery IPA “Sculpin IPA showcases bright flavors “Hopped massively… with Centennial
and Simcoe hops “in harmony,” giving demands to be poured into your favorite and aromas of apricot, peach, mango, hops… for their characteristic grapefruit
a bright, floral aroma. Duet is nicely glass to truly appreciate the citrusy, lemon. The lighter body also brings out and pine resin aromas. A significant malt
bitter with the perfect amount of malt floral bouquet and the rich, malty finish.” the crispness of the hops.” body and the signature fruity aromas of
concealed behind the hoppy goodness.” Bell’s house yeast balance the hops.”
What our panel thought What our panel thought
What our panel thought Aroma: “A fruity nose with hints of black Aroma: “Super piney and resinous with What our panel thought
Aroma: “Hops, hops, hops! Tons of currant and boysenberries. Some herbal, a very light caramel sweetness. A basic Aroma: “Orange peel, clove, citrus, and
floral, fruity, myrcene backed up with anise-like presence. Dank, catty hops tension between candy-like citrus and fruitcake with a slight earthy grassiness
honeysuckle sweetness. This is what character dominates.” floral notes set against green, dank, and and mild malt biscuit-like sweetness.
I want in an IPA—candy-like hops Flavor: “A definitive malt presence white-wine aromas.” Some grapefruit, some mango, and pine-
aroma of orange juice, lemon, apricot, that is well-balanced by an assertive, Flavor: “Very bright with aggressive apple. A little lemon and a little orange
pineapple and a subtle dank note with a but not overpowering bitterness. Some piney hops flavors, moderate malt, a are present on the nose with a slight
light biscuity malt sweetness.” corn-chip flavors detract. The hoppiness slight garlic flavor, and grapefruit and herbal note.”
Flavor: “A stellar blend of malt sweet- is much like the aroma with lots of pine notes. Dialed-in bitterness hits the Flavor: “Spicy rye-like character with
ness and fruit-forward hops (tangerines, berries and herbs. Light but discernable mark. Lots of hoppy goodness with lemon hops-driven flavors of orange, mango,
pineapple, kiwi, grapefruit). Bitterness is off flavors of acetaldehyde and DMS candy, green, and floral notes. Delicious. and peach. Solid malt structure with
spot on providing an excellent contrast and a light metallic finish. The expected Juicy hops notes with hints of tangerine, substantial body and residual sweetness
and cleansing the palate without hops flavors are there—pine, lemon, lemon candy, green and floral notes, plus to keep bitterness in check. Excellent
diminishing the hops candy character. grapefruit—but a difficult tannic and balancing pine and dankness.” creamy mouthfeel. Big sweetness up
Lots of orange, lemon zest, pineapple, astringent note competes with the more Overall: “Lovely resinous character front with almost a low caramel note.
clementine, pine. Finishes dry and bitter, pleasant flavors.” well-balanced by the malt sweetness. On the second sip, the sweetness faded,
yet somewhat balanced and restrained.” Overall: “The malt/hop balance is right, Drinks like the stronger side of IPA, and the malt balanced perfectly with the
Overall: “This is a fantastic IPA that but the hops flavors lack complexity and bordering on double IPA. A well-crafted fruity hops and slight bitterness.”
finds a way to stand out in an over- feel dated (not wholly enjoyable) while blend of malt, hop, and alcohol—exactly Overall: “A nicely integrated IPA—the
crowded category, showcasing extremely the corn flavor detracts from the overall what an IPA should be. Complex hops beer delivers a unifying impression of
complex fruity hops character and a experience. Finishes slightly astringent character with an exciting blend of clas- fruit and malt. Rich and juicy hops fla-
restrained bitterness that helps keep and bitter in a way that hints of issues sic and contemporary hops character. A vors of grapefruit, pineapple, and lemon
it drinkable and more enjoyable with with fermentation and malt.” full-bodied, full-flavored IPA with tons of notes with a bitterness that rounds out
each sip. This beer represents the most nuance with each sip. This is extremely the taste. Everything is well-balanced.”
exciting potential of the future of IPAs.” well executed—a great beer.”

99 74 99 96


Breakside Breckenridge Creature Deschutes

IPA Brewery Comforts Pinedrops
Breck IPA Tropicalia
| ABV: 6.3% | IBU: 74 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.3% | IBU: 66 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.5% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.5% | IBU: 70 | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Classic craft beer of the Pacific “Scrutiny of ingredients and experi- “A balanced, soft, and juicy IPA. Ripe “This IPA delivers a crisp and light malt
Northwest. Notes of evergreen, citrus, mentation with process resulted in a passion fruit and citrus hops aroma body with ample citrus and pine notes
and tropical fruit.” distinctively pleasant floral aroma with lead to a full, fruit-forward hops flavor from Chinook and Equinox hops. Inspired
crisp hops flavor that’s mellowed by Full that washes over the palate, ending with by the aromas and silence we experience
What our panel thought Pint malt.” subtle bitterness.” in the pine forests near our brewhouse.”
Aroma: “Juicy fruit salad with mango,
pineapple, slight earth, pine, and What our panel thought What our panel thought What our panel thought
perhaps a little toffee. Very slight cooked Aroma: “Intense orange and zest Aroma: “Lots of lemon and pine with a Aroma: “Floral aroma—almost laven-
egg aroma. As it starts to warm there with light lemony character and faint hint of floral notes and a touch of black der—with a light lemony background.
is a bit of garlic note and the egg note grassiness. Candied sweetness akin to pepper. Very fruity aroma with hints of Floral fades as it warms, and it morphs
dissipates.” General Tso’s chicken sauce (without the strawberries, peaches, and pears plus into more of a citrusy grapefruit. Some
Flavor: “Tropical fruit up front, a little chicken). A touch of malty sweetness aromas of peanut butter and bread pear cocktail with lemon rind and even
garlic, and herbal, oregano-esque notes. and faint estery notes that may be yeast. Floral, dank, resiny hops character tangerine notes up front. A touch catty
Slight malt sweetness with hints of yeast or hops. A very unique and curious and a hint of tangerine.” and floral but gives way to resinous
caramel. Definitive bitterness, but not aroma for the style.” Flavor: “Balanced (for an IPA), with a piney notes.”
at all harsh. Rich hops flavor with pine Flavor: “Juicy orange flavors, followed by hint of residual sweetness. Rich hops Flavor: “Very strong lemony flavor—
and low garlic notes upfront and a nice moderate caramel and a long, pleasant flavor (resin, pine, citrus, grapefruit, bright and citrus-focused with light floral
bitterness that extends into the after- bitterness. Similar to aroma, the hops tropical fruit) matched with a pleasant flavors in the finish. Not at all what I was
taste but doesn’t continue to grow—it flavor is floral and slightly herbal with a bitterness and proper malt background. expecting based on the aroma. The finish
fades nicely. Medium sweetness at the bit of that butterscotch-candy flavor up Low IBUs are not as palate-cleansing as has a lingering bitterness that borders
end rounds out the sip. I really enjoy the front. Prominent bitterness, but cut by some other IPAs, but let the fruity hops on astringent. Some catty, black currant
balanced finish.” the malt so as not to induce dry mouth.” notes shine.” notes and just a hint of malt sweetness.”
Overall: “Moderate bitterness and Overall: “An enjoyable IPA that hints Overall: “Something a bit different… Overall: “Despite the weird and
balanced sweetness are set against at adventure but ultimately remains a touch of crystal malt adds biscuity overpowering aroma, I was pleasantly
grapefruit and mild garlic notes. A solid, cautious (in a good way). Lovely orange sweetness and complexity. Hops throw surprised to find a powerful, lem-
reliable IPA that I’d be happy to drink any character is refreshing—a unique and alternating layers of lemony and floral on-focused hops flavor with enough
day of the week. Easy drinking, light, and tasty IPA that would stand out from flavors. An excellent, complex modern bitterness to keep the malt profile in
perfectly refreshing—it’s well suited for other more citrus-hop-driven IPAs of take on the American IPA style with a check. Shows flashes of greatness, but
outdoor activities in warmer weather. current popularity. The touch of banana well-constructed malt bill that brings the high bitterness detracts from the
The beer opens up and improves as it in the middle is interesting and works out the best in the hops. Very well overall. Dial back the IBUs to make it a
warms. ” with the toasty notes.” executed and worth seeking out.” bit more drinkable and I’ll buy a lot.”

90 92 97 90


Foothills Fort George Fremont Funky
Jade IPA The Optimist Interurban Buddha Hop
| ABV: 7.4% | IBU: 86 | SRM: 4.1 | | ABV: 6.2% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.2% | IBU: 80 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7% | IBU: 80 | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Bold, citrusy Pacific Jade hops lend “With its radiant golden body, a lively “Interurban offers the adventurous “Hop Gun IPA delivers a payload of
striking tropical fruit notes and a hint of buoyant head, and floral aroma, your beer lover a warm embrace of roasted American hops to your palate, bursting
peppery finish to this easy-drinking IPA. glass will always be half-full.” pale malt swirled with a hand-selected forth with the flavors of grapefruit and
Dry hop additions of Chinook and Citra blend of flavor malts and filled with the pineapple. A careful dose of smooth
add heady aroma and bold flavor.” What our panel thought rich spice of Chinook, Centennial, and caramel malts swoops in to balance out
Aroma: “Some fruity citrus character Amarillo hops.” the finish.”
What our panel thought with orange, pineapple, slight pine,
Aroma: “Citrus, orange, nice juicy fruit green onion, garlic, grapefruit, and pine What our panel thought What our panel thought
notes with biscuit sweetness. Lemon, trees… what an interesting forest this Aroma: “Some sweet malt and pepper Aroma: “Juicy, juicy, juicy! It’s like
thyme, pine, and a faint grainy sweet- is!” spice-like character. Mild grassy and sniffing a bowl of assorted fresh fruits.
ness. Floral honey.” Flavor: “More spring onions, garlic, earthy note of hay and citrus. Muted Just delightful. Big piney notes up front
Flavor: “Intriguing sweetness and juicy citrus, and pine. A slight caramel hops note up front with medium perfume with slight honey sweetness and a slight
fruit character in this beer. Nice citrus sweetness offers support and rounds note. As it warmed and opened up that musty note. As it warms, more sweet-
notes of orange, grapefruit, and lemon. out the body. Nice creamy mouthfeel and went away, and a big hops grapefruit ness than hops, light barleywine-like
The bitterness is measured with the a smooth bitterness. Aftertaste is dank, with slight dank notes came out.” notes with dark fruit such as plum.”
malt and hops sweetness for a delicate, mostly with slight onion. As it warms the Flavor: “Biscuit malt sweetness hits up Flavor: “Plenty of fruit to go around—
delightful malt backbone. Floral honey bready sweetness comes up a little with front and then carries to an earthy spice passion fruit, mango, bananas, pineap-
and lime citrus notes up front—a very slight citrus notes.” hops character with some grapefruit and ple. Delightful malt character delivers on
different profile than what we have had Overall: “This beer is well integrated, slight citrus notes. Flavor is not what flavor but tastes just a touch thin on the
so far. Almost a light acidic note with a and the sweetness to bitterness provide the aroma suggests. Grass is still there, tongue. Bitterness is there but merely
touch of salt reminiscent of a gose. Dry a good balance, finishing slightly bitter plus some mangoes. Caramel malt body lurks in the shadows.”
aftertaste with medium bitterness that in the end to keep you going back for is lovely, but the long bitter finish leaves Overall: “Slight graininess distracts at
intertwines with that acidity.” another sip. An unusual IPA, but that a lingering harshness on the back of the first sip. Perhaps this is from a hop? A
Overall: “A very enjoyable IPA—fruity, doesn’t mean a bad IPA. Consumers tongue. Wine-like notes up front with lovely fruity IPA that will satisfy hopheads
juicy, and flavorful. Spritzy, playful, and looking for something to challenge the moderate perfume notes.” but could also be a nice introduction
fun. It delights the senses while re- palate will appreciate the interesting Overall: “The more I drank this beer to the style for those who don’t enjoy
maining drinkable. Big citrus notes with combination of flavors this beer has to the more I enjoyed it. It is slightly rough traditionally “hoppy beer.” Little of the
lemon and lime with a slight acidic note offer. Don’t judge it by the initial aroma around the edges with the malt and hops harsh bitterness that might turn newbies
that is complementary not distracting. or the first sip. Give it some time: It may but it’s a good American IPA that will away—it’s all smooth fruit. Would prefer
Unique combo of citrus and acidity helps just grow on you.” neither offend nor impress. It would score just a touch more residual sweetness
it stand out in a crowded field.” higher if the bitterness were smoother.” and body, but that’s a minor complaint.”

95 86 87 87


Golden Road Great Divide Green Flash Half Acre

Point the Way Titan IPA Soul Style IPA GoneAway
| ABV: 5.9% | IBU: 60 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7.1% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.5% | IBU: 75 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Our ode to the hops-crazed patrons of “Titan IPA is big and aggressively “Citra, Simcoe, and Cascade hops are “We conjured the classics and then laid
Los Angeles. Its light malt body elevates hopped, brewed for hops disciples. It layered, allowing bright tropical waves of them on a bed of pale malt. This IPA
the citrus zest, tropical, and pine notes starts out with piney hops aromas and citrus and floral notes to break gently on shoots straight to the bitter edge before
contributed by a generous hops dosing. citrus hops flavors, and finishes with a the palate. Get stoked on a laid back sin- falling into a mellow haze. Deep gold and
This West Coast IPA finishes dry.” rich, malty sweetness that is balanced gle and ride a wave to soothe your soul.” ready to travel into the distance.”
with crisp hops bitterness.”
What our panel thought What our panel thought What our panel thought
Aroma: “Freshly zested lemon and What our panel thought Aroma: “Hints of grapefruit, pine resin, Aroma: “Light citrus, caramel, a touch
grassy hops aromas with a light malt Aroma: “Herbal and yeasty with fruity and subtle dank hops character. A very of floral, moderate tangerine, and a
sweetness. Pine, grapefruit, and tan- esters. Earthy, almost musty character. subtle malt sweetness underneath the grounded earthy note. Lively citrus and
gerine with some floral notes. Fruity— A moderate level of floral, earthiness hops, but only faint and not competi- and bright pine that steers clear of
peach and melon with a hint of lemon comes through up front. Overall, fairly tive.” sticky and resinous. Bright dankness.
zest. No green hops aroma.” subdued for style.” Flavor: “Very malt-forward profile for an Very assertive.”
Flavor: “Very bright at the front of the Flavor: “More balanced toward the malt IPA, with caramel and honey plus a hint Flavor: “Earthy and piney with a
palate, fades very quickly. Moderate than most American IPAs. Honey-like of sherry oxidation, solvent, or metallic. slight honey-like malt sweetness and
lemon, grass, and grapefruit flavors with sweetness with supporting caramel and The bitterness is well-balanced, deliver- a well-constructed bitter profile that
just enough bitterness that drops into light brown sugar. Robust bitterness ing the bite you want without being pain- pushes to the edge of harsh without
a dry finish. Almost effervescent with a does its job but doesn’t get in the way. ful, but hops flavor is really subdued. going over it. Citrus notes are more zesty
slight carbonic bite. Malt body is light The flavor is much brighter than the aro- Hints of lemon pith and herbs. Finish is than fruity. As aggressive as the aroma
but enough to support the moderate ma with pleasant floral and pine notes mostly bitter and somewhat dry, yet not was, the flavor is quite rounded and
hops profile. Piney and spicy with slight that are well-balanced with a complex out of balance or over the top.” approachable. A mild grapefruit-rind
peppery notes. Very clean finish with a malt character. Light bread crust, Overall: “The hops chosen are inter- note helps it from going too far into the
long-lasting bitterness.” biscuit, and even wheat sweetness.” esting, but the malt profile has trouble forest.
Overall: “Bright and refreshing with just Overall: “An IPA for the ESB crowd— supporting the bitterness despite it be- Overall: “Fun earthy/piney IPA with a
enough malt body to stay in balance. A not your typical American IPA hops ing a very malty IPA that harken back to light malt backbone. An enjoyable and
superbly ‘clean’ beer with just the right bomb, but a distinguished take on the earlier IPA times. Not as flavor-forward lively IPA that would be nice with grilled
amount of bitterness to let you know it’s style. The beer didn’t do to much to en- in the hops as other contemporaries— fish and a kale salad. It’s bright, light,
an IPA without overpowering the flavor tice me with the aroma, but made up for not off, but simply less exciting. Well and could even be a nice crossover craft
hops. A great lawnmower beer with less it with delicious flavor and complexity. A executed though and very refreshing.” selection for non IPA drinkers who don’t
apparent alcohol level, built for drinking more subtle interpretation of the style, mind a little challenge. A tasty beer that
more than one.” but well crafted all the same.” surprises and delights.”

97 92 84 94


Hardywood Harpoon IPA La Cumbre Left Coast
The Great Elevated IPA Trestles
| ABV: 7.5% | IBU: 70 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 5.9% | IBU: 42 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7.2% | IBU: 100 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.8% | IBU: 59 | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Bold, resinous, and bursting with bright “Our IPA finds harmony in the combi- “It’s pretty good. You should try it. Get “Trestles IPA is light bodied, clean, and
grapefruit aroma, this IPA is a tribute to nation of hops, malt, and yeast. The Elevated!” pleasantly hoppy. Simcoe and Centennial
the decades of hard work by conserva- sturdy malt backbone provides depth hops contribute to its great citrus flavor,
tionists to restore the James River.” of body and color and is balanced by a What our panel thought and… four hops keeps this beer easy
pleasantly hoppy finish.” Aroma: “A grove of evergreen orange drinking and moderately bitter.”
What our panel thought trees. A touch of toffee-like malt, but
Aroma: “Although I can’t pinpoint it, What our panel thought the aroma always comes back to the What our panel thought
reminds me of eating chicken wings— Aroma: “Interestingly complex and sub- hops—citrusy with low pine in the Aroma: “A great floral, fruity hops
perhaps it’s the spices in my blue cheese tle nose of malt sweetness, musky hops background and low malt sweetness.” powerhouse. Grapefruit, grape jelly, and
or ranch dressing? As it warms, high character, and slight fruit notes. Slight Flavor: “Orange and pine carry over lemon candy. Hints of toffee to add some
spicy, thyme-like notes. Curious tropical grapefruit note as it starts to warm up, from the aroma and saturate the complexity. A touch of pine resin. Citrus
notes of guava, dulce de leche, banana, but not overly fruity.” flavor profile. Clean hops flavors, a hops notes up front with hints of lemon,
and plums. Coconut and vanilla.” Flavor: “Orange zest, grapefruit, slight kiss of caramel, and a nicely balanced tangerine, and pineapple.”
Flavor: “Moderate bitterness with a lemon, and pine up front, followed by a bitterness make a beautiful impression Flavor: “A beautiful blend of sweet,
bit of spicy notes supported by a bit round malt body and then a moderate on the palate. A drier IPA with fruit notes Munich malts, and fruity grape-like hops
of biscuity malt. A slight hint of fall bitterness. The hops provide some of grapefruit and lime. Low malt note flavors. The bitterness is not so strong
spices—annatto seed, bitter orange, earthy complexity. Slight malt, biscuit to round out the flavor. The carbonation that it overwhelms. Tons of complex hops
toffee, and a long, long bitterness. note up front that leads to a medium and lime notes at the end create a flavors with notes of tangerine, lemon,
Substantial malt structure supports the piney hops flavor. Moderate bitterness in surprising bite, but not in a bad way. some pine, dank, and a hint of pineapple.
hops character well.” the aftertaste. High carbonation creates Almost a slight hint of a roast character. Hops come through almost candy-like,
Overall: “An enjoyable, well-put-togeth- a slight bite, but that isn’t distracting. The juiciness of this beer is alluring.” and finish is dry and bitter but not
er IPA. Lower bitterness but significant Some of the aromatic mustiness comes Overall: “Just a nice IPA. The hops lingering. Bitterness is spot on.”
flavor hops profile. A moderately heavy through in the flavor—from the hops?” profile is simple but admirably executed. Overall: “Grapefruit is definitely the
beer on the tongue with low carbonation. Overall: “The more I drank this beer the Grapefruit and citrus lemon notes with dominating flavor, with a nice supporting
I would pair this beer with something more I enjoyed it, but the beer seemed an mild onion note that lingers in the complex malt flavor (without cloying
spicy and see if I can bring out more of to struggle to find itself. Light bodied background and added depth without sweetness). A beer that delivers on all
the spices. With its pronounced annatto and refreshing, it doesn’t overwhelm overpowering the taste. I really enjoyed fronts—a complex, modern take on the
seed and bitter orange flavors, this is the the palate, but a cloying bitterness the juicy character of the hops in this IPA that is executed extremely well with
perfect pairing for Yucatecan cochinita appears after the sip—I’d like more of beer. A great American IPA that I would variety in the hops character that brings
pibil.” the piney hops flavor and a bit less of drink any time—a solid go-to.” out something new in each sip. Worth
the bitterness.” seeking out.”

94 81 96 97


Lone Pint Lord Hobo Madtree Neshaminy

Yellow Rose Boomsauce Psychopathy Creek County
| ABV: 6.8% | IBU: 62 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.9% | IBU: 70 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.6% | IBU: 65 | SRM: 5.6 |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“A SMaSH (Single Malt and Single “Boomsauce is a blend of three of our “The subtle malt backbone combats the “Full of Warrior, Chinook, Columbus,
Hops). Chalk-white head with a very New England style hoppy ales that bitterness and intensity of floral, grassy, Simcoe, and Centennial hops. Its bready
clean malt backbone. The Mosaic hops will wrap you in a gently carbonated and citrus hops flavors.” malt backbone counters some of that
impart strong grapefruit, pineapple, and blanket.” hops bitterness, but the lingering hops
blueberry flavor and aroma.” What our panel thought bitterness shows resinous pine notes,
What our panel thought Aroma: “Floral hops, lemon zest, and citrusy lemon, and grapefruit.”
What our panel thought Aroma: “Nice fruity notes of pineapple, light malt sweetness. Pears and peach
Aroma: “Tropical fruit pushes forward strawberry, peach, mango, ripe pineap- syrup with hints of dank green and hon- What our panel thought
with mango, pineapple, guava, and the ple, and strawberry. Sweetness up front ey. Citrus aroma up front, with lemon, Aroma: “Earthy hops character with
like. Some “darker” tropical fruit notes with a moderate hops note. Big orange grapefruit, and clementine.” white-wine notes plus grapefruit and
as well, like lucuma and guava. A slight and grapefruit notes.” Flavor: “Light body, medium citrusy passion fruit. Very clean—no malt or
yeast ester character that competes with Flavor: “Full and juicy citrus notes hops profile, a little bit of mineral yeast aroma. Bright citrus notes, with
the hops character.” and some tropical fruit like mango and character in the finish. Pilsen malt, fresh zested grapefruit, orange creamsi-
Flavor: “The fruit salad continues into pineapple. Wow. All of the fruit promised perhaps? Full sweet body with lots of cle, and sweet tangerine.”
the flavor, though the focus is somewhat by the aroma is here in the flesh. Just candy-like hops and a good amount Flavor: “Initial impression delivers
“darker” than is typical in these kinds of a beautiful melange of fruity notes of hops bitterness to help balance the on the aroma, with earthy, winey
IPAs. Yes, there’s mango and pineapple, that continue to impress with each and sweet body. Citrus and piney hops flavor characteristics. Very faint light malt, and
but also think guava and even tamarind. every sip. Substantial but completely with some malt sweetness and a slight any esters are covered by the hops. Firm
There’s a depth that is simultaneously appropriate malt backbone supports mineral finish. Candy-like hops character bitterness starts nice but then becomes
surprising and refreshing. The orange the hops with a delicious light caramel with notes of tangerine.” aggressively licorice-like on the back of
character is much more prominent, but sweetness.” Overall: “A bit too light for the hops the tongue in the finish. Tastes like I bit
there’s still a sweetened lemon note in Overall: “I liked the complexity and profile, almost too clean—tastes like into a freshly picked grapefruit—rind,
the background.” difference in the fruity character in an IPL. Pilsen malt character is fairly pulp, juice, and all.”
Overall: “A citrus/mango beer with a this beer. The sweetness was nice distinctive. A good beer that’s big and Overall: “The aroma is pleasant and
very slight diacetyl issue, but a very and worked well to balance the in your face with hops and malts alike. balanced toward the fruity/juicy hops,
pleasant beer with tropical fruits and just bitterness—a lot of sweetness with the Very nice example—one of the more but the puckering licorice-like bitterness
a hint of dank hops goodness. This is a hops to match it. This IPA delivers sub- approachable, complex IPA examples is too forward. Apart from that, this is a
nice change of pace in the bowl-of-fruit stantial fruit-salad aromatics that come and the only thing missing is that ‘wow’ nice IPA. The earthy, wine-like hops are
IPA aisle—a moodier IPA that is more through just as intriguingly in the flavor. A factor of juicy hops character.” interesting, aromatic, and flavorful. But a
like drinking the opening chords of Bee- great IPA—just really well done. Smooth heavy-handed bitterness dominates the
thoven’s Ninth than radio-friendly pop.” as hell and dangerously drinkable." flavor, overwhelming the other flavors.”

87 97 90 90


Ninkasi Total NoDa Hop, Oskar Blues Russian River
Domination Drop ‘n Roll IPA Blind Pig

| ABV: 6.7% | IBU: 65 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7.2% | IBU: 81 | SRM: 7.7 | | ABV: 6.4% | IBU: 70 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.2% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Total Domination IPA has a citrusy, “2014 World Beer Cup Gold Award Winner, “Malt barley and red wheat create a “Full-bodied, very hoppy, citrus, pine,
floral hops aroma, and big hops flavor American-Style IPA. Crisp, mouthwater- clean malt backbone with flavor and fruity notes with nice dry, bitter finish!”
balanced with a richness imparted by ing, American citrus hops dominate. The mouthfeel to support the Enigma, Vic
Carahell and Munich malts. This beer rich golden color comes from a blend of Secret, Ella, Topaz, and Galaxy hops What our panel thought
is a big flavorful Northwest IPA that English and American base malts accent- with headline notes of passion fruit, Aroma: “Evergreen forest, grapefruit,
maintains its drinkability.” ed with Vienna and wheat malt.” raspberries, pineapple, and citrus.” crayons, and Play-Doh. Slightly briny?
Very nice juicy hops character with
What our panel thought What our panel thought What our panel thought orange, grapefruit, and slight lemon.”
Aroma: “Nice fruity juicy hops aroma— Aroma: “A touch of sulfur with biscuit Aroma: “Dank and citrusy with tons of Flavor: “Medium bitterness with a rather
blueberry, raspberry, oranges, and notes. Hops notes of garlic and bit of grapefruit and a candy-like aroma of light body. Slight new-shoe-like taste
some evergreen. Honey sweetness with onion. Banana, spring onion, grapefruit, lemon Starburst and Smarties. A green with a growing bitterness that extended
a slight spicy, low phenolic note and a orange, and pine.” hoppy note joins the party along with a well into the aftertaste and continued to
touch of plum.” Flavor: “Big bitterness up front with hint of black currant, plus some dank grow. As it warms the rubber goes away,
Flavor: “Full flavor both from the body a dry astringent note that stops just and resinous hops.” and we are left with a dank hops note
and the hops character. Loving the blue- short of harsh. As it starts to warm the Flavor: “I'm immediately hit by how dry with a touch of garlic. This beer has a
berry! I don’t know how it got into this harshness subsides and a touch of grain this beer is. A hint of grainy malt flavor, nice body with a smooth character. The
beer, but it’s a welcome twist. Caramel sweetness comes out. Lovely creamy but this is all about the hops, which pine is showcased in the hops, and the
malt backbone elevates the hops to just mouthfeel. This beer has a nice balance come through with lemon, green, and a grapefruit citrus notes help round out the
where they need to be. Bright back-of- between the sweetness of the fruity hops bit of pine resin. Strong citrus character hops profile. The beer is nicely balanced
the-tongue bitterness and an incredibly notes and its bitterness. Pine, some and good body.” between the hops bitterness and flavor.”
creamy mouthfeel.” grassy character, grapefruit, and lemon Overall: “LOVE this beer. Definitely more Overall: “Dank hops notes with slight
Overall: “I really liked this IPA—it’s are present.” on the bitter spectrum for a light body pine. Moderate bitterness that didn’t
full of flavor, and all the flavors seemed Overall: “The harshness from the IPA, but still very well-balanced. Tastes come out until it warmed slightly.
to complement each other. A fun riff bitterness lingers into the aftertaste like it was dry hopped yesterday—a An IPA that leans toward the resiny
on a fruit-forward American IPA with and detracts a bit from the overall. A great, super drinkable, hops-forward and dank side of the spectrum. Some
outstanding berry character that’s in- little sweetness would help balance the IPA. Its tough to pull off a IPA this dry, citrus brightness keeps it from being
teresting and unusual. Appropriate malt earthy notes. It’s a bitter IPA that isn’t but they manage to do it. I really like the too sticky. Perhaps better suited to
character and bitterness points to how ashamed of being so, but not so bitter hops complexity in this one with a nice contemplative stormy evenings than
well blended and integrated it is. Big as to turn off more delicate palates. balance between floral, citrus, and dank daytime revelry. This beer came together
juicy notes with a moderate bitterness.” Clean, citrusy, fruity, and herbal, this is hops. The candy-like hops character was very well with pleasant hops and not too
a nice take on the style. Enjoyable.” excellent and added tons of nuance.” much bitterness.”

92 88 97 89



Schlafly Toppling Tree House Tree House

Tasmanian Goliath Gold- Green Julius
IPA en Nugget
| ABV: 7.2% | IBU: 65 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6% | IBU: 56 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7.5% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.8% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“The Tasmanian hops, Galaxy, is a “Crafted from Golden Promise malt and “Our cross-continental IPA. Made with “Bursting with pungent American hops,
strong, aromatic variety that is different Nugget hops. Tropical fruit flavors entice Australian and American hops, this Julius is bright and juicy, filled with
from traditional strains of the Pacific your taste buds before immediately citrus-heavy IPA opens up in the glass flavors and aromas of mango, peach,
Northwest. Our brewers developed a captivating you with a bold, hops- with notes of pineapple, tangerine, and passion fruit, and a mélange of citrus
recipe that showcases the hops’ unique forward taste and a pleasant bitterness orange rind. It’s sharply bitter and nearly juice. It has a soft, pillowy mouthfeel
flavors of citrus and pineapple.” in the finish.” 8 percent ABV.” and rounded bitterness.”

What our panel thought What our panel thought What our panel thought What our panel thought
Aroma: “Nice tropical fruit character Aroma: “Light resins and piney notes Aroma: “Sweet and juicy tropical fruit, Aroma: “Peaches, oranges, mango, pas-
with mango and passion fruit. Some with a hint of earthiness, mango, and a pineapple, lemon, mango, peach, and sion fruit, tangerine, grapefruit, and even
lemon grassiness adds some nice subtle light malt character. Citrus and banana. The nose is delicate and subtle a touch of pine—it’s a punch in the nose
contrast to the juiciness. Juicy mango, white-wine grapes right off the bat. but mouthwatering—an absolutely with a fruit cart. I think I consumed a
banana, peach, and pineapple. Very A little bit of fruity alcohol kick with wonderful aroma.” serving of fruit just through the aroma.”
subtle light malt presence—perhaps a peaches and plums.” Flavor: “More fruity notes of pineapple, Flavor: “Peach and pine carry through
little wheat?” Flavor: “Moderate malt sweetness— mango, and assorted tropical fruit. from the aroma and are augmented by
Flavor: “A wonderfully balanced beer light biscuity notes. Hint of cotton candy. There’s a nice smoothness to this beer some dank-ish notes. Some moder-
that has a huge amount of fruity hops Hops forward—a little light on body for bordering on fluffy. Fresh-cut pineapple ate malt sweetness is there, but the
flavor up front that evolve to show more the amount of bittering hops used, but stewed in pineapple juice and topped emphasis remains ever on the hops
pine and dank character. Strong over- still quite easy to drink. Yeast is mostly with candied pineapple. Malt backbone goodness. Pleasant bitterness backs
ripe banana, pineapple, and mango. clean with just a hint of fruity pear is chewy and substantial, while the up the ensemble and delivers its own
Suggestions of earthiness are fleeting. esters. A strong bitterness that throws bitterness is dangerously smooth. Melon tangerine-like notes as it washes down
Nice silky carbonation on the tongue. a 1-2 punch to the straw-flavored malt and cantaloupe right off the bat! Low the throat.”
As in the aroma, the flavor suggests presence. Lots of minerality, somewhat spicy notes in the middle of the sip. Very Overall: “A big citrus/tropical fruit
some wheat and the light fluffiness that reminiscent of a German Pilsner.” unique.” bomb with enough malt sweetness to
implies.” Overall: “Another very light IPA, but Overall: “This beer is great—so full temper the bitterness. A beautiful IPA,
Overall: “A delicious and balanced beer quite refreshing. Shows complexity with of juicy fruit flavors. Fluffy and light both visually and on the palate. I can
that highlights the hops selection nicely. the hops, but the base beer struggles without sacrificing body. Great showcase almost picture someone cramming hops
A refreshing, not-too-crazy, well-execut- slightly to support the hops character. of the hops. The low bitterness is just into the bottle or can. A wonderful use
ed IPA. It’s smooth, it’s spritzy, and it Could finish a bit drier. Very enjoyable, enough to make it an IPA. A juicy, fruity, of hops that doesn’t try to get too fancy
just tastes good. This is a great choice but would be more so with a cleaner hazy, chewy IPA that’s an excellent ex- with anything else and just delivers an
any time of year.” malt profile and higher attenuation.” ample of what new-school IPA can be.” amazing hops-forward beer.”

97 89 100 99


Tröegs Two Brothers Wicked Weed Wormtown
Perpetual IPA Wobble IPA Pernicious Be Hoppy

| ABV: 7.5% | IBU: 85 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.3% | IBU: 69 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7.3% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 6.9% | IBU: 69 | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Artisanal meets mechanical in a state “Once in a while we feel a need to ‘wob- “Pernicious, our flagship IPA, took a “Reddish-gold hazy unfiltered brew.
of IPA we call Perpetual. Cycling through ble’ on the edge of really hoppy. Wobble silver medal at the 2015 Great American Pungent aroma of citrus, floral spice,
our HopBack vessel and dry-hopping IPA is golden in color with subtle malt Beer Festival. This massively dry-hopped and grapefruit. Decidedly bitter palate
method, this imperial pale ale emerges character, big complex citrus and piney ale has minimum malt complexity with a medium light body. Flavors of
rife with sticky citrus rind, pine balm, hops notes throughout.” and a combination of juicy, tropical hoppy grapefruit give way to a dry
and tropical fruit.” fruit-forward hops with heavy resinous finish.”
What our panel thought American hops.”
What our panel thought Aroma: “A mix of fruity and herbal/ What our panel thought
Aroma: “Earthy, pine needles, lavender. earthy hops notes. Initially, some What our panel thought Aroma: “Lemon zest, grapefruit, and a
Moderate hops notes with very little malt spearmint character stands out, but Aroma: “Lemon, pine, whiffs of citrus, slight whiff of smoke (phenols?). Slight
sweetness. Nice fruity character and a slowly fades. Slight biscuit malt notes white wine, and fresh-cut grass. Virtually spicy note with low garlic notes. As
little onion. Slight malt sweetness.” smooth out the aromas. Orangey citrus, no malt in the aroma. Lemon grass and a it starts to warm a slight sweetness
Flavor: “White-wine grapes, lemons, powerfully fruity, mild pine.” mild grape-must character stand out.” presents.”
spruce tips, and grapefruit. Moderately Flavor: “Clean malt and yeast flavors Flavor: “Hops flavors of evergreen trees, Flavor: “Lemongrass, grapefruit, and
strong malt background can’t keep up, provide a nice base for some tasty hops chardonnay, and lemongrass set the a unique cured-meat note are nicely
though it tries. Sweetness up front with flavors with restrained bitterness. There stage for a surprisingly smooth beer. Bit- supported by a light, spritzy malt body.
a light hops flavor and a medium hops are the expected strong citrus notes, but terness is smooth, and despite the ap- Lively and bright on the tongue with
bitterness. Slight herbal notes, similar to light pine and dank flavors add a nice pearance of the beer, the malt character a bitter, slightly sweet finish. A slight
chai tea, but subtle. Aftertaste is bitter depth. Nice citrus up front, followed by is more than just a blank canvas. Finish cabbage-like note up front but in a
and moderately lasting. Not as smooth forest floor and musty (but pleasant) is dry and pleasant. The complexity in fresh street taco sort of way. Medium
as other examples.” notes. Subtle caramel rounds out the hops flavors that was promised from the bitterness, a slight juicy note, and some
Overall: “A solid American IPA that is middle and gives way to a long, pleasing aroma is delivered quite well.” earthy flavors evolve as it warms.”
right down the middle for the style. You bitter finish.” Overall: “A delightful IPA. It’s light on Overall: “The lemony aroma is quite
can’t go wrong with this one, though Overall: “This beer expertly balances the tongue and even spry in its delivery nice—it’s a lively beer that improves
you may have trouble picking it out of a some very interesting hops flavors to of interesting modern hops varieties. as it warms up and exhibits a pleasant
very talented crowd. This IPA has subtle create a fun tasting experience. An IPA Malt backbone is surprisingly apparent bitterness. Enjoyable fruit character and
herbal notes that may have been lost that leans on fruity hops character and despite the very light appearance. Bit- appropriate bitterness but not overly
due to its placement in the review lineup. performs admirably. Bitterness is nice, terness is pleasing and complementary. complex. Could pair well with street ta-
I enjoyed the fruit character in this beer though just a touch assertive compared A great IPA that could even pair well cos—the corn tortillas and the cabbage
and how it blended from the start to the to the juicy fruitiness.” with light seafood like sushi. Citrusy, would play very nicely with the dank,
finish.” spritzy fun.” earthy and somewhat juicy hops flavors.”

91 93 98 90


3 Floyds 3 Floyds Against the Avery Raja

Arctic Panzer Dreadnaught Grain Rico
Wolf Sauvin
| ABV: 9% | IBU: 100 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 9.5% | IBU: 100 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7.6% | IBU: 68 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“A massive IPA that will leave your “An Imperial India Pale Ale with an “An IPA featuring organic Nelson Sauvin N/A
palate its hapless victim. Scorched earth intense citrus hops aroma, a huge malt hops, which have a strong fruity flavor
is our brewery policy.” body, and a crisp finish.” and aroma that resembles white wine or What our panel thought
fresh crushed grapes or gooseberries. Aroma: “Pine bomb with a grapefruit
What our panel thought What our panel thought Some reviewers notice passion fruit, punch on the end and a curious mild
Aroma: “Bubblegum ester, along with Aroma: “Lemon, grapefruit, and light tangerines, and grapefruit.” sour funk that leans a touch medicinal.
some cherry. Clean pilsner malt sweet- biscuity malt sweetness. Light caramel Weak, lemony hops aroma with some
ness. Hops flavors pick up pineapple, and light ethanol. Pineapple, tangerine, What our panel thought pine, lemon, and citrus notes. Sweetness
orange, mango, and tropical fruit. An and some lavender-like soapy notes.” Aroma: “Grapefruit and piney hops aro- with lots of fruit!”
awesome nose.” Flavor: “Super citrusy and a nice melon, mas with a hint of lemon. Moderate malt Flavor: “Rich and well blended. Dialed
Flavor: “Initially seems a bit mild, but mango-like fruit character with a chewy sweetness, hints of biscuit and caramel. bitterness throughout that’s good for
each sip freshly revisits that citrus hops malt character that isn’t too heavy. Crisp Nice hops aroma on the front. Fresh.” style. Lemon-heads candy, strong
flavor, and the malt persists without and clean finish with a hint of alcohol Flavor: “Bright and juicy hops notes lemon/orange flavor. A fair chunk of
cloying or fading. Even better, the heat. Smooth and well-integrated are high on flavor and moderate on bit- that is the hops, but there’s something
perception of bitterness builds a little flavors. The bitterness is present but not terness. Finish is clean with only a hint else going on. Moderate hops bitterness
to give the beer some backbone. So too bitter, and the warmth in the finish of astringency. Malt is lightly sweet and that melds with the tartness. There’s
much juicy flavor—pineapple, mango, adds to the experience. Light tangerine, balanced perfectly with the moderate a splash of brighter esters and malt
tropical fruit, lemon, citrus—its all over light pine tar, earthy, with a light ethanol hops bitterness. Slight astringency in sweetness, but the funk from the nose
the place. Thick and chewy toasted malt warmth. Nice carbonation and body. Fun the bitterness distracts from the other- is here, too. Sweet and juicy with lemon
sweetness just strong enough to support mouthfeel. I like the bitterness.” wise pleasant finish. The juicy character and orange and citrus notes. The hops
the hops. Bitterness is well blended and Overall: “Definitely on the higher alcohol of the beer carries through to the finish are more favorable, less bitter, and bal-
carb is spot on.” side, but hides it very well. Very clean and sits beside the bitter aspects from ance well with the malt. Finishes with a
Overall: “Great beer that continues to hops and malt character and a crisp the hops in this beer.” slight bitterness and a nice sweetness.”
get better as you drink it. Layers of fruit finish—enjoyable with a nice blend of Overall: “Good, balanced, easy-drinking Overall: “Solid IIPA that tastes very
flavors that offer endless depths. The fruit that both stands out and blends IIPA. Mostly citrus with a touch of floral, fresh. The high carb gives it a bite that
sweetness is dialed, the bitterness bold, together well. A fun beer with enough and a touch of earthy resin at the end. I don’t care for, but it is otherwise very
and everything ultimately serves the malt sweetness that it could qualify as The finish is what really makes it—very good. The pine and grapefruit play well
creative hops flavors. The bitterness is an American Barleywine. Orange zest, clean and citrusy with notes of orange together. Very good. This beer blended
fantastic. A great showcase of contem- mandarin orange, honey, and lavender peel and lemon. It sacrifices bombast for well together, and the finish had me
porary hops.” conspire to deliver a double IPA that is solid drinkability making for a fine beer.” wanting another sip.”
pleasant, but which is not for everyone.”

98 94 95 90


Boulevard Captain Coronado Elysian Space
The Calling Lawrence Stingray IPA Dust IPA
Palate Shifter
| ABV: 8.5% | IBU: 75 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 9% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 7.9% | IBU: 48 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8.2% | IBU: 73 | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“The Calling is our most heavily “When your everyday IPA no longer sat- “This easy-drinking IPA will transport “The hopping is pure starglow energy,
hopped beer ever, bursting forth with isfies your craving for hoppy nectar, the you to a tropical paradise. Citra, Mosaic, with Chinook to bitter and late and dry
unmistakable tropical fruit and pine only cure is more hops! Palate Shifter Simcoe, and Southern Cross hops pro- additions of Citra and Amarillo.”
hops aromas and flavor supported with is brewed with American hops and dry vide flavors and aromas of tropical fruits
a slightly sweet malt character, tapering hopped for an extra aromatic kick!” and sun-kissed citrus with soft accents What our panel thought
to a crisp, dry finish.” of nectarine and peach.” Aroma: “Moderately sweet with a slight
What our panel thought phenolic. Peach, mango. Not intensely
What our panel thought Aroma: “Big pineapple, light strawberry, What our panel thought hoppy. Some malt sweetness. Some
Aroma: “Strong orange and lemon light pear, almost bergamot, melon Aroma: “Earthy, piney, grassy hops orange, pine, and lemon.”
aroma, slight zest character. A little sweetness, lemonade, fragrant floral, notes. Hint of biscuit malt. Orange peel, Flavor: “Sweet up front and strongly
mineral-like, mild hops are herbal/spicy. and hint of malt. Aroma is overall more lemon-drop candy, hints of scallions, bitter on the finish. The phenolic shows
Tropical fruit sweetness hits at the front faint than the flavor.” melon, very subtle grainy malt notes. up on the palate as well. Hops evoke
with mango, pineapple, some lemon, Flavor: “Little bit of floral hops Overall suggestion is of brightness.” peach, orange, and mango. Slight slick-
some orange. Juicy.” character—honeysuckle—along with Flavor: “Initial punch of fruity hops ness on the tongue indicating possible
Flavor: “Malt sweetness tastes like a some lemon and grassiness. Clean, flavor that diminishes quickly. Tropical diactyl. The bitterness fights against the
very blonde caramel. Hops character of straightforward malt character. Super fruit on the tongue more than in the sweetness in this flavor a bit. Finishes
orange and lemon flesh and zest blend crisp finish with no lingering astringency. nose. Substantial evergreen character is with some warmth. Very mild hops flavor
pretty well. Bitterness is nicely blended Bergamot, Darjeeling, and lemongrass. a nice surprise. Good creamy mouthfeel compared to most the others. Some
throughout and lingers just a touch. Supportive light malt body is spritzy and adds to the overall palate character. grassiness and a bit of floral. Lots of
Hops flavor is all tropical fruit—mango fun with a great mouthfeel. Some light Bitter finish is grapefruity and smooth. pithy bitterness and little of that malt
and coconut. Some bitterness is hiding alcoholic warmth.” Malt plays a supporting role but doesn’t complexity from the nose.”
in there, but the overall impression is Overall: “Very smooth IIPA—even the get in the way. The green-onion note sits Overall: “Slightly disjointed with a
sweet, not bitter.” fruit notes are smooth and rounded, on the tongue through the finish. A lot of few missteps that detract from overall
Overall: “Interesting blend of very almost delicate. The only sharp edge at spruce and pine notes.” impression. Hops character is pleasant,
light-colored caramel malt and bright all is the bitterness at the end. Clean Overall: “Moderately malty IIPA, very but is overshadowed by the phenolic.
citrus hops. A little too sweet overall, but and delicious with a very nice finish—a strong on the pine/resin side with a The beer has some good flavors at its
not cloying at all. I like this beer a lot, sweet but not too sweet IPA. This would touch of citrus on the nose. A deceptively core—the malt character has some nice
but I’m surprised to have it as a double be great with spicy Asian dishes. Lemon- drinkable double IPA! Great blend of sweetness, and the hops have some
IPA. The sweetness and mild bitterness grass and Earl Grey–tea character classic American IPA character along good juice and bitterness. But the sum
are unexpected, even if it’s a pleasant suggest a great Indian pairing.” with some New-World flavors that make of the whole here is not greater than the
drink.” for a delightful tasting experience.” parts.”

90 97 90 84


Foley Brothers Golden Road Great Divide Grimm

Fair Maiden Wolf Among Hercules Artisanal
Weeds Double IPA Ales Tesseract
| ABV: 8.2% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8% | IBU: 80 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 10% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
N/A “This is our celebration of California’s “Hercules IPA is not for the faint of “Soft, fresh, and tropical.”
enthusiasm for hops-forward IPAs. At 8 heart. It delivers a huge amount of hops
What our panel thought percent ABV, Wolf will sneak up on you from start to finish. Its hefty backbone What our panel thought
Aroma: “Orange and lemon with a touch from behind the robust citrus and dank of nutty, malty sweetness balances its Aroma: “Equal parts mild, delicate,
of pineapple and pine as it warmed up. earthy hops notes mirrored in its aroma aggressive hops profile.” bright, and lively with juicy pineapple,
Cut grass, lemon, grapefruit, and pine and flavor profile.” mango, passion fruit, and banana. Fruit
resin. Slightly subdued nose.” What our panel thought loops, cotton candy, and Starburst hops
Flavor: “Rich malt backbone, possibly What our panel thought Aroma: “Floral with jasmine notes and a aromas. Creative and alluring.”
some adjunct use with proteins to Aroma: “Very bright on the nose overall. hint of lemon and lavender. Faint grassy Flavor: “Tons of delicious pineapple
thicken things up? Hops are strongly A bit of a campsite character: Pine sap, notes and some grainy sweetness. juice flavor! A silky malt body puts the
citrus, mostly orange and lemon with fresh pine, very faint smoke. There’s also Cloves, cinnamon, citrus peel, and hon- hops flavor up on a pedestal but remains
some pineapple beneath. Well blended a bit of lime rind, too. Grapefruit, orange, ey—holiday festive. A toffee/biscuit-like unobtrusive and simply supportive. This
throughout the palate and no rough edg- citrus, fruit character—lots of hops malt sweetness.” is a powerfully fruity and delightfully de-
es. Nice citrusy hops—tangerine and dominate the nose.” Flavor: “Initial toffee sweetness is licious beer, regardless of category—the
grapefruit—buoyed by a breath of malt. Flavor: “Big pine and citrus notes balanced by some nice bitterness in the smoothness and fluffiness of this beer
Good bitterness that lasts into the finish, couple with a superclean malt profile. finish. Resinous, caramelly, evergreen, is excellent with lemon, pineapple, and
but the citrus is the main impression. Intense bitterness lingers long after and bitter. Malt is enjoyable, though the mango fruit sweetness. A soft bitterness
Nice malt sweetness to back the hops. the beer is swallowed. Nice and dry on bitterness comes off a bit harsh. As it backs up the copius fruit flavors.”
Lots of juicy fruit character—pineapple, the finish to accentuate the bitterness. warms, the bitterness becomes even Overall: “Luscious and juicy, this would
orange, lemon—it all comes together Pine and citrus complexity—lemon and harsher.” be great with brunch. Let them have
and blends but stands out nicely. The tangerine. Wonderful flavor—strong Overall: “More malt-focused for a their mimosas. I’ll have this one, please.
finish is equally strong. Great hops flavor but not overwhelming and expands on double IPA. Nice complexity and some It has a great overall flow from aroma to
that carries through this beer.” the nose nicely. Good bitter foundation complementary floral, earthy hops aftertaste with carefully considered malt
Overall: “A great example of the that anchors the finish. Very mild flash flavors. An IPA for the holidays! This and bitterness that lets the diverse hops
evolution of the style despite the delicate of alcohol warmth at the swallow, but is like a cross between an IPA and an flavors shine. Light, soft, and hazy—
nose. Smells and tastes very fresh. The smooth. Fairly dry.” English winter warmer. More wintry than this might not be the beer that most
malt here is well played and supports Overall: “This beer drinks easier than it summery with a nice complexity driven think of when they think ‘IPA,’ but it's a
the flavor even as it balances the bit- should. The crisp malt bill allows for none by an earthy spiciness that leaves a bold gorgeous example of creativity within the
terness. Great beer with delicious depths of the hops character to hide. I like the impression.” style and where it can go.”
of bright flavors.” more-ish quality. Quite refreshing. The
more I drink it, the more I enjoyed it.”

99 96 89 96



Hardywood Hop Concept Lawson’s Sip Maine Beer

Quadrahop Tropical and of Sunshine Company
Juicy Dinner
| ABV: 8.5% | IBU: 85 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8.5% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8.2% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Nelson Sauvin hops deliver gooseberry “Aromas of floral citrus and mango “This lupulin-laden IPA is packed with “It’s dry, refreshing, and a hoppy hap-
and white wine. Citra brings passion dominate. The flavor leads with a juicy tropical fruit character, bright floral pening. Our intention was to really amp
fruit, lychee, melon, and citrus notes. burst of bright papaya, pineapple, and aromas, and delectable layers of hops up the hops flavor and aroma. So we dry
Amarillo adds fresh lemon, orange, tangerine and finishes with hints of flavor. Pour mindfully, inhale deeply, and hopped twice, with more than 6 pounds
grapefruit, and tropical floral. Mosaic spice from the hops and a clean, sweet enjoy a tropical vacation in a glass.” of hops per barrel.”
adds berry and mango and a backbone malt undertone.”
of earthy pine.” What our panel thought What our panel thought
What our panel thought Aroma: “Fruity, orangey, and dank with Aroma: “Intense white grapefruit
What our panel thought Aroma: “Well-blended citrus and a skunky hops aroma (in a good way). and lemon with a touch of pine to
Aroma: “Moderate lemon and orange tropical fruit, orange/lemon/pineapple. Hops are showcased—big resin, slight accentuate. Assertive with freshly
with some grapefruit underneath. Herb- Pine character is strong in the nose. grassiness, green onion, a bit of pine, peeled orange, hints of lemon zest, and
al/spicy—marjoram and basil—along Well-balanced between light toasty and just a hint of biscuit malt.” tropical fruit. Net effect is exotic and
with citrus notes of lemon and orange.” malt and piney hops. Light esters. Some Flavor: “Big earthy bitterness, lightly interesting.”
Flavor: “Strong orange and lemon hops grassiness.” chalky, resinous but not sharp. Surpris- Flavor: “Intensely hoppy with a nice
flavor over a moderate toasted malty Flavor: “Grapefruit juice notes and some ingly low bitterness for the obviously chewy malt backbone to support. Same
sweet backbone. Bitterness is moderate orange. Sweet but not too sweet. Some large amount of hops in the beer. Lovely white grapefruit and lemon predominate
throughout, and the beer finishes pretty bitterness and grapefruit through the caramel malt sweetness helps round with some tropical-fruit notes peeking
dry. Nice Juicy character with orange and finish with slight warmth. Strong toasted out the finish and offset a tiny bit of as- through. Well-balanced throughout. It’s
grapefruit juice. Very clean citrus hops character with orange/lemon/pineapple tringency. Moderate creamy aftertaste. a fruity citrus party—lemon dominates
flavor—tangerine, orange, and lemon, esters. Intensely bitter throughout with Lovely! Big juicy oranges and passion with orange, tangerine, and grapefruit
with spicy undertones. I still get the basil a long finish. Rich pine with woody fruit. Residual sweetness is welcome facets, along with some pineapple and
here, too, like Thai basil. Pleasant hops undertones and some lemon and orange. and lends balance to the pleasantly mango. After a moment, it shifts to
bitterness with a solid malt back. The The bitterness is well executed with no bitter finish.” grapefruit as the bitterness builds.”
finish is clean and not harsh.” harsh edges. Nice body, too.” Overall: “Big dank, earthy hops bomb Overall: “The blend of hops with the
Overall: “Well put together with a Overall: “The blend of sweetness to with a touch of malt sweetness—this malt to balance make this a really solid
creative southeast Asian twist. The fruity hops flavor and bitterness works well. beer smells like it was grown, not DIPA. A really wonderful beer that show-
juicy character of this beer delivers, An intensely bitter DIPA with strong brewed. The malt complexity helps add cases the hops. It’s tight, refined, clean,
with a supportive body, good balance, character, a nice nose and flavor, and an extra dimension to this fun and fruity crisp, dry, and juicy with absolutely
and interesting character. A beer I could well-balanced.” example of IPA 2.0, be it session, single, nothing taking the spotlight away from
see pairing well with foods beyond the double, or otherwise. A wonderfully the beautiful blend of hops.”
typical IPA suggestions.” drinkable beer.”

95 94 96 100


Neshaminy Revolution Sam Adams Stone

Creek Shape of Unsessionable Rebel Rouser Ruination
Hops to Come Double IPA 2.0
| ABV: 8.5% | IBU: 98 | SRM: 6.4 | | ABV: 10% | IBU: 100 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8.4% | IBU: 85 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8.5% | IBU: 100+ | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Two-row American barley packed “Six hops varieties, including tons of “Bold, citrusy, and piney, this isn’t just “For the second incarnation of our India
with as much Apollo, Newport, Simcoe, Galaxy, infuse this IPA with flavors and a bigger version of Rebel IPA. Instead pale ale, we employed dry hopping and
Topaz, and Citra hops we could get our aromas of pine, passion fruit, and citrus we explored a different balance of hops hop bursting to squeeze every last drop
hands on for a ton of bitterness, along rind. It has a surprisingly dry and crisp character, including Bravo and Galaxy of piney, citrusy, tropical essence from
with juicy, dank resiny pine-like, and finish.” hops, and upped the ante on their flavor the hops…”
citrus-forward hops character.” and expression.”
What our panel thought What our panel thought
What our panel thought Aroma: “Earthy and floral—light What our panel thought Aroma: “Lemon and red grapefruit–
Aroma: “Medium intensity orange and banana, pear, and pineapple. Juicy Aroma: “Nice orange notes. Slightly hops aromas, grain sweetness, and nice
lemon with a slight sweetness from Starburst-hops aroma with a hint of minty with hints of phenols that lean hints of pineapple as it warms. Bitter or-
the malt. Nice fruity hops sweetness. cotton candy. Orange, pineapple, mango, slightly medicinal. Earthy hops, moder- ange, candied citrus, green onion, garlic,
Orange, grapefruit, pineapple, tropical and banana. Increasing evergreen as it ate esters, and a light malt.” and honey add to the juicy character.”
fruit, with a quick hit of Christmas tree.” warms. Really nice fruity hops sweet- Flavor: “Good blend of malt sweetness Flavor: “Aggressive hops bitterness
Flavor: “Medium malt sweetness accen- ness with some pineapple, mango, and with some nice grapefruit, orange, and is piney, resinous. Biscuity malt helps
tuated by citrus hops notes. Malt tastes citrus character.” pine notes. The sweetness underpins round out the finish. Hint of higher
like a blend of toasted and caramel vari- Flavor: “This obviously higher-ABV take both the hops and the malt and helps alcohols in the finish. Bitter orange,
eties. Intensely bitter on the finish—the on a double IPA hides the light alcohol balance the bitterness. Mint from the more scallions, a touch of earthiness,
bitterness from the hops hits in the front warmth well under fruit-salad hops nose is subdued a bit on the palate, and a lovely caramel note. Complex
and carries through this beer well into notes, soft malt, tangerine, pineapple, but it’s still a bit of a train wreck of flavor and great mouthfeel. Finishes with
the linger. Fresh and vibrant mango and and mouth-filling carbonation. Tropical flavors—raw malt sweetness and a lingering bitterness.”
pineapple notes dance with pine tree fruit in a dense pine forest with lingering caramel, cardboard oxidation, strong Overall: “Big earthy hops bomb with
and green herbs. Light malt sweetness bitterness.” fruity esters, and an out-of-place light very light oxidation. This beer is high
in the finish, too.” Overall: “The flavor with malt sweetness tartness.” enough in IBUs that you really need to
Overall: “It’s a touch sweet up front and and fruity goodness was quite wonderful. Overall: “A good IPA with a strong PNW let it warm thoroughly before drinking.
a touch bitter on the finish making for a The aroma was a little muted (palate hops profile—the dance between malt As it warms, some nice fruity, citrusy
pretty bold and bitter beer that should fatigue?). Some might say this is a little and hops worked well in this beer for flavors help balance out the aggressive
probably be enjoyed at a warmer serving two sweet, but I think it balances well. me. Doesn’t dry out like most DIPAs, hops bitterness. The hops profile comes
temp to bring out the fruity hop notes. Another double IPA that’s on the sweeter, and the bitterness is a touch overdone. across somewhat murky, which isn’t to
It was quite bitter in the start, but the fruitier side. A bit more muted from a A bit muddled in the flavor presenta- say it’s bad—it leaves one guessing,
more I drank it more the rest of the beer hops bitterness perspective. A thick DIPA tion—if I had bought this, I’d be a bit which can be quite rewarding. A nice
came out for me. In the end, I enjoyed it.” that is better sipped than quaffed.” disappointed.” double IPA overall.”

96 95 82 92


Tree House Trillium Wicked Weed Wormtown
Haze Double Artaic Freak of Hopulence
IPA Nature
| ABV: 8.2% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8.5% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8.6% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 8.5% | IBU: 120| SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“A ton of orange on the nose, with “Juicy, candied peach and nectarine up “Our intent was to create a hops delivery “Emphasizing Amarillo, Horizon, Summit,
complementary notes of peach and front backed up with a nuanced white vehicle. We dry hop with almost 4 and Glacier hops with support from five
passion fruit. The flavor is similar with wine on the nose that continues straight pounds of hops per barrel. The resulting other American varieties. Hops were
a blast of citrus and orange followed by through in the flavor profile. Pillowy soft blend of dank and citrus-forward added in every conceivable part of the
spicy grapefruit and earthy dankness. A mouthfeel, with a restrained bitterness hops makes for a palate changing brewing process.”
lingering but pleasant finish awaits.” on the finish.” experience.”
What our panel thought
What our panel thought What our panel thought What our panel thought Aroma: “Skunky dankness, lemony
Aroma: “Lots of juicy notes on this nose. Aroma: “A blend of juicy fruit character Aroma: “Earthy, citrusy, and piney hops hops, and notes of grainy sweetness. A
Dank and resinous hops aroma. Mild and grassy earthiness from the hops. notes. Hint of mango and melon sweet- little citrus character in the back adds
malt and moderate esters. Huge orange Deep fruit character pulls on tropical-fruit ness. Light perfume-y—has a fragrance sweet fruit-juicy notes. Elements of
aromas with lemon citrus complexities. notes and citrus character. Grapefruit to it. Citrus-fruit notes of lemon and tropical fruits, dried morel mushrooms,
Slight malt sweetness underneath.” dominates, with some blood orange and orange, with a touch of grassiness.” freshly tilled soil, and orange.”
Flavor: “Beautifully integrated flavors black peppercorn notes. Spicy!” Flavor: “The hops hit in the front with Flavor: “Bright and clean hops profile
that range from lemon juicy notes to Flavor: “Very juicy notes of mango and this beer. Grapefruit sweetness and fades quickly into a nice, lightly sweet
pineapple and mango. Very big hops melon, some pineapple, maybe a little bitterness that carry through. Some grainy finish. Simple and clean. Lemon
flavor, expanding on that resinous spici- strawberry-like flavor. Some juice-like lemon, a little onion-like character. The tartness and light pine flavors dominate.
ness in the nose to add some grapefruit sweetness complements the sweetness bitterness hits and is lingering through The hops fruit character is showcased
notes. Rich but soft bitterness that lasts of the malt. Maybe a hint of saltiness? the finish. Malt is moderately biscuity here and carries through the finish. A
for days, like a dark-roast coffee. Big Deep herbal components suggest and a bit light for the hops. Warmth hits slight bitterness but not too bitter. Some
and chewy. Massive orange notes with oregano and cumin.” at the end.” nice warmth is present in the finish as
some underlying complexity tasting of Overall: “A little bit of every hops char- Overall: “What we’d now call a classic well. Appreciable malt body leads to a
grapefruit and lemon. Finishes slightly acter from ‘the list’ but predominately double IPA. Loads of hops flavor (inter- long, smooth, balanced finish.”
bitter, begging another sip.” dank and fruity. This is fairly sweet esting melon and earthy combos) with Overall: “Simple for a double IPA, but
Overall: “Turbid and chewy body DIPA that goes light on the bitterness, a moderate amount of biscuity malt. quite balanced. Rather full-bodied. Just
showcases the complex hops profile with pulls out more fruit flavor from the hops Alcohol is noticeable and not offensive. enough bitterness to cut through the
excellent execution. The hops juiciness with the slight sweetness, and really Lower in hops aroma than one might ex- malt and lots of citrus notes with a big
is paramount and carries through the showcases gorgeous hops flavors. Would pect from a double IPA, this nonetheless dank/earthy punch. Those who don’t love
beer. This beer tastes like breakfast pair well with a dessert—a great palate delivers a potent, bitter, hoppy drinking super-bitter IPAs will really enjoy the
(beer-mosa anyone?). Perfect for a cleanser. Very unique take on the style experience. The more I drink this beer, balance in this. This beer was great. ”
weekend brunch.” that’s delicious and intriguing.” the more the juicy character develops.”

98 99 91 97



21st Alpine Hoppy Ballast Point Boulevard

Amendment Birthday Even Keel Pop Up
Down to Earth Session IPA
| ABV: 4.4% | IBU: 42 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 5.2% | IBU: 69 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 3.8% | IBU: 40 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.3% | IBU: 41 | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Whether you have a long mission “Made with six different hops, this bold “Ten different malts and six different “Boulevard Pop-Up Session IPA is built
behind you or a full afternoon ahead, brew is refreshing enough to enjoy again hops combine to create this full-flavored, for frequent excursions, with a very
this session IPA will help keep things and again.” small beer. This session ale is herba- drinkable character and relatively low
real. More relaxed than an IPA, but with ceous with additional citrus aromas of bitterness tucked behind a big, fruity
all the hops aroma and flavor.” What our panel thought lemon and grapefruit. The orange to hops aroma.”
Aroma: “Tropical fruit (mangos and copper hue draws you in.”
What our panel thought pineapple) with an earthy finish. Some What our panel thought
Aroma: “Oranges, bananas, maybe a fresh hay aroma from dry hopping. The What our panel thought Aroma: “Surprisingly malty nose with
little hay. Some toast. Big tangerine aroma changes as the beer opens—from Aroma: “Pineapple, mango, and orange light caramel and toastiness. Mild paper
notes with coconut and mango. Touch of fruity to more earthy. Lemon-drop candy, with little to no malt or yeast character oxidation. Faint hops aroma is earthy,
dank and resinous hops aroma. Strong pine needles, grass, and spruce tips. on the nose. A rich wave of tropical fruit like damp soil, but hard to find. Cloves,
pine character. Pleasantly assertive Caramel malt character adds balance hops that evoke mango, pineapple, and orange peel, toast, yeast, and hints of
hops nose.” and interest. Spicy hops with herbal a bit of coconut. Solid nose promises a black pepper..”
Flavor: “Flavor is consistent with the notes of mint, oregano, and thyme.” real beer. Light pine and resin.” Flavor: “More hops in the flavor, offering
aroma. I have to search to find a lot. Flavor: “Full-flavored—lots of sticky Flavor: “Pineapples, bananas, and an herbal blend of mint and marjoram,
Tropical fruit and some citrus peel sits hops and some bready malt. Some mangoes. Long bitterness that’s slightly but the malt is far more forward—
on top of a surprisingly sturdy malt foun- earthy hops flavors with lemon peel, harsh atop a weaker than expected grainy with some toasty notes. Papery
dation. A little bit of caramel in there. herbal notes, and pine needles are malt body. As it is, the fruit flavor falls oxidation here, too, and mild bitterness.
The bitterness is delightful, with a long, supported by a fun caramel malt depth. somewhat flat compared to the aroma. Hops flavor seems muddled and indis-
citrus-like finish. Full fruity hops flavor. Bitterness is appropriately firm but not The assertive bitterness is a bit out of tinct. Instead, I get a more saison-like
In contrast to some of the others, hops overdone. Residual front-of-the-tongue balance because there’s not much malt quality with yeast esters and phenols.
flavor is what persists into the finish.” bitterness/astringency is surprising but to balance it. Bitterness dominates the Cloves and even a bit of cracked black
Overall: “An enjoyable beer, one I would far from unpleasant.” finish—the earthy hops flavor sticks pepper, then a dry, bitter finish.”
happily quaff at a backyard barbecue. Overall: “Earthy and satisfying, this IPA around for a little while, but doesn’t Overall: “Is this a session saison? The
The long citrusy finish is sure to delight has a commanding presence. The hops have as much staying power.” yeasty aromatics and flavors seem
many—I’m guessing Citra hops in large flavors lean toward the spicy/woody end Overall: “A decent attempt at making more at home in a Biere de Table than
amounts. I keep coming back to ‘sweet’ of the spectrum. An enjoyable session a sessionable IPA, but the overall in an American session IPA. I actually
as a descriptor for this beer, but it’s IPA that offers a bit more character than impression is thin and one-dimensional. quite like this beer, but it works better
very refreshing and enjoyable. A nicely is often typical in this category. More The lovely aroma suggests more than is as a generic Belgian-style table beer.
balanced celebration of hops in session like a hopped-up American pale ale in delivered on the palate.” Tartness when I swallow lingers on the
form. Elegantly made.” many ways.” back of the tongue. Very dry finish.”

94 85 90 82


Captain Firestone Flying Dog Fort George
Lawrence Walker Easy Easy IPA Overdub IPA
Effortless IPA Jack
| ABV: 4.5% | IBU: 45 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.5% | IBU: 47 | SRM: 4.5 | | ABV: 4.7% | IBU: 50 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.5% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Domestic and imported malts play “Brewed and dry hopped with a globe- N/A “Pouring a solid gold with a crisp white
the back seat to the loads of Ameri- trotting selection of newer hops varieties head, Overdub IPA is a sensory overload
can-grown hops that were dumped into from Germany, New Zealand, and North What our panel thought of mango and papaya hops aromas,
both the kettle and the fermentor. Dry America. This beer delivers massive Aroma: “Citrus and tropical fruits— dank grapefruit tones, and mellow citrus
hopped for a mouthwatering aroma with hops aromas, surprising dimension, and tangerine and mango and maybe some finishing notes.”
Mosaic and Palisade hops.” a signature malt balance.” pear. Evergreen, citrus, mint, and earth
in a faint, dainty aroma that reveals few What our panel thought
What our panel thought What our panel thought secrets. Hops character is like a Christ- Aroma: “Citrusy, lemony, with a bit of
Aroma: “Spicy hops aroma with a touch Aroma: “Citrus and pine is subdued. mas tree at the end of the season—pine tangerine and tropical fruit punch. Little
of floral bouquet, maybe even perfume-y, Candied lemon peel, evergreen, herbal. and wood are still evident, but fading as to no malt aroma. Mild hops nose with
and mild citrus undertones. Caramel, Very mild nose. Fresh grapefruit yum- they lose their luster.” light coconut and pineapple notes.”
tangerines, some evergreen. Very crisp miness from the hops. Some clean light Flavor: “Malt has a light crystal Flavor: “More tangerine in the flavor
and clean.” malt in background.” undertone. Earthy hops flavor with citrus than in the aroma, but less of the lemony
Flavor: “Hops flavor hits, emphasizing Flavor: “Nice citrus flavor with some and pine is followed by grainy malt and citrus. Juicy hops flavor with enough
resinous pine with a bit of cattiness. pine, mild bitterness, and strong a dry, moderately bitter finish. Nice malt sweetness to support it. Bitterness
A little bit dank—the citrus notes are carbonation. Lemongrass, wet earth, creaminess in the mouthfeel. Perception balances the malt without overpowering.
still there, but I’m not getting the floral pineapple, and honey over a light but is rustic and rough more than delicate More of that coconut and pineapple,
quality from the nose. Clean bitterness silky malt body. Clean and crisp—hops and refined. A light dollop of malt buoyed by the caramel malt and light
that doesn’t overpower. Orange zest, wet dominate the flavor profile.” comes in right at the swallow and then toffee. Bitterness lasts into the after-
earth, and Capri-Sun. Caramelly malt Overall: “Nicely balanced flavor and disappears, leaving a clean bitterness taste, but some malt stays with it.”
character less apparent than on the aroma. This beer gets much better as it and lingering hops.” Overall: “One of the better session
nose. Resinous and mouth-coating fruity warms. The honey-like malt character Overall: “This beer drops off as it IPAs I’ve had, like a Deschutes Fresh
hops express themselves in the flavor, supports an interesting array of hops warms. The aromas fade, and a light Squeezed ‘Lite.’ Tropical-fruit character
following through on the aroma.” notes that are unique and deliver some- butter finish comes out. Some spicy combined with caramel malt depth
Overall: “A good example of style, but thing apart from your typical session notes verge on vegetal—parsley or makes it imminently drinkable. I could
I wish the flavor had more of the hops IPA. This is a fairly light, refreshing beer. celery. Middle of the road on bitterness, easily knock back several of these and
character from the nose. Tropical fruits Some astringency in the aftertaste, flavor, and aroma. Light in body and light make it a true session—something I
dance alongside a firm malt depth (for but still refreshing and balanced. on the tongue. All in all, fairly decent can’t always say about this style. The
a beer of this strength), and a sufficient Where most of the others are trying to with clear hops character, even if the overall impression is that this seems
bitterness. A fun session beer that emphasize the ‘IPA,’ this one is going for hops aren’t as far out there as some of sweet for a session IPA, but the flavors
doesn’t bite off more than it can chew.” ‘session’ and succeeding.” the competition. Dependable.” work well enough.”

88 90 88 88


Great Divide Green Flash Heavy Seas Left Hand

Lasso Jibe Crossbones Introvert

| ABV: 5% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4% | IBU: 65 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.5% | IBU: 35 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.8% | IBU: 55 | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says “Well-balanced, floral, citrus, and What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Brewed with a robust roundup of Co- vibrant hops character defines our idea “Bursting with floral and citrus notes, “Hops aromas of tropical papaya and
lumbus, Centennial, and Cascade hops, of what a perfect session ale should be.” this has a strong malt backbone to kiwi with woodsy pine, balanced by
its sessionable simplicity proves bigger support all of that hoppy goodness. With honey malt and a clean bitter finish.”
isn’t always better.” What our panel thought its big body, smooth finish, and lingering
Aroma: “Light floral hops aroma with an citrus flavor, it’s hard to believe that it’s What our panel thought
What our panel thought undercurrent of lemon and maybe mint. 4.5 percent ABV.” Aroma: “Spicy hops character—some
Aroma: “Tangerines, caramel, tropical Delicate kiss of clean malt sweetness wet earth notes. Pine needles and grape
fruit, and lemon—smells sweet and and cereal. Pine needles, a little grape- What our panel thought must. A touch of funk and a bit of honey.
malty with a bit of cotton candy and fruit, perhaps a touch of biscuit. As it Aroma: “A touch of butterscotch Herbal/grassy hops aroma with some
some grassy, herbal, slightly earthy hops warms, earthy components reminiscent immediately hints at diacetyl. Pine and earthy elements. There’s a touch of
aromas.” of wet leaves comes into play.” resin hops aroma take over with oranges candy sweetness and fruity esters (light
Flavor: “Tropical fruit and moderate Flavor: “Very distinctive citrus hops— and herbs—perhaps some Mexican bubblegum).”
caramel—herbal, toasty, and crisp. lemon, tangerine, and a bit of grapefruit. oregano. Grassy, earthy hops with woody Flavor: “Hops flavor is resinous and
Good mouthfeel and body, followed by There’s just enough malt sweetness with undertones. Medium-toasted malt fruity tongue tingling. Medium malt backbone
just the right amount of bitterness. the tart citrus to evoke Lemon Heads esters of peach and cherry.” sufficiently supports hops. Notes of
Flavor hops don’t make a big impression, candy before the bitterness rolls in Flavor: “Citrus fruit and pine hops pine, earth, damp leaves, some must,
though, because a rounded bitterness smoothly. As the beer warms, an earthy flavor. Light malty, grainy flavor in the and grass. The touch of light caramel
dominates. Very dry finish with some mushroom-like character develops, background. Oranges, grapefruit, and sweetness is nice. A bit of pucker in the
lingering bitterness that fades into a which adds complexity and keeps me grass. Slight biscuity notes. Pleasant tart dry, bitter finish. Subsequent sips yield
pleasant afterglow.” interested. Malt body is rather thin.” bitterness, then the butterscotch barrels more hops tastes—grassy, woody—but
Overall: “Tropical fruits and citrus Overall: “Nicely balanced, although the in. Reminds me of the old days with Red the bitterness grows with each sip.
in the hops flavor, followed by a bitter finish could be toned down just Hook or Bert Grant’s beers. The diacetyl Moderate fruity esters and a touch of
bigger-than-normal malt character gives a little. Flavorful—it may be a session softens the palate, but is an acquired malt sweetness, but mostly buried under
this a pleasant richness that doesn’t but it doesn’t compromise a lot. An taste. The base beer seems good.” the hops.”
sacrifice drinkability. This one is mostly enjoyable low-octane IPA that offers Overall: “Could use more hops flavor Overall: “Lots of flavor without being
about bitterness, but—to its credit— enough hops character for hopheads but to match the intensity of the bitterness. overwhelming. If I didn’t know it was
isn’t harsh about it. A solid example of remains a drinkable and well-balanced Buttery aroma was out of place. An a session IPA, it could pass as a full-
the style with nice hops flavor, proper beer. Smooth and refreshing—a light, enjoyable pale ale that calls itself an IPA. strength IPA. Concentrates on the earthy
bitterness, and a substantial body for a hoppy beer that would pair well with an Earthy/dank undertones give the beer and grassy more than the fruity and cit-
session IPA. Could pass for an English afternoon in the hammock.” a gravity or heft, but the diacetyl is too rusy. A bit of funk both in the flavor and
pale ale.” dominant, relative to the hops.” aroma adds complexity and interest.”

86 92 82 86


New Belgium Oskar Blues Otter Creek Sam Adams
Slow Ride Pinner Over Easy Rebel Rider
Throwback IPA
| ABV: 4.5% | IBU: 40 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.9% | IBU: 35 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.6% | IBU: 40 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.5% | IBU: 45 | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“A pour of sheened gold and fluffy, white “With tropical fruits, citrus juices, “Straight from our stash to your glass, “Bursting with bright citrus and tropical
foam. A blend of eight hops varieties, pineapple, and spice berry up front in we’ve created a chronically crushable ale fruit notes of apricot and tangerine,
led by Mosaic and Nelson Sauvin, twist the aroma and flavor, the biscuit and that turns over easy without exhausting with hints of pine and a slight resinous
together tropical scents of melon, peach, toasted bread at the back balance out the palate.” character, this IPA finishes with just
lime, and grapefruit. The flavor mirrors all the hops and make a great finish.” enough subtle bitterness to bring you
the aroma.” What our panel thought back for another sip.”
What our panel thought Aroma: “Fruity, yeasty, wheat-like,
What our panel thought Aroma: “Tropical fruit punch, honeydew orange zest, honey, almost a witbier-like What our panel thought
Aroma: “Hops express as citrus and melon, pineapple, papaya, and vanilla quality. Medium rich malt aroma with Aroma: “Lemony, citrusy goodness is
pine with some fruity orange notes. Malt cake frosting. Light malt background— almond notes. Delicate hops aroma with a refreshing change from grapefruit. A
is subtly bready, hiding behind the hops. mildly bready. Light grassy finish like hints of citrus and spiciness, and very bit of pine and some grainy sweetness.
Very fresh like a spring herb garden. a fresh-mown lawn. Complemented by faint pine.” Light herbal and woody aroma and
Soft, well-rounded hops aroma. Nice light fruity esters.” Flavor: “Really nice creamy mouthfeel. sweet malt. Bready and grainy. Nutty
blend of tropical fruit (papaya, mango, Flavor: “Vanilla, mint, tropical fruits, Soft but appropriate carbonation lends esters—like pistachio.”
light pineapple) and spicy hops charac- and a light caramel malt sweetness a British-like weight on the tongue. Flavor: “Lemongrass, a hint of hay,
ter. Hints of Thai basil and oregano. Very make for a unique flavor. Crisp Grainy malt body is a little rough around pleasant but slightly subdued grain-malt
intriguing.” carbonation and a light body deliver the edges but satisfying nonetheless. sweetness. A little less hops flavor than
Flavor: “Earthy, wet, piney, and herbal. refreshment upon which the interesting Bitterness has a nice orange-like quality is suggested in the aroma, but it’s nice
Flavor picks up where the nose left flavors are layered. Hops bitterness is but doesn’t really come out until well nonetheless. Hops flavor becomes more
off. Similar elements here, with the appropriately firm and completely in into the aftertaste.” interesting as the beer warms. Re-
spiciness more in the fore, adding some balance. Fresh and juicy. Aftertaste Overall: “A fun session IPA! In a field freshing bitterness. Watery hops flavor
lemongrass to the other herbal elements. features a soft, rounded bitterness. of beers that can seem monolithic, this is more distinctive than in the aroma,
Light bitterness doesn’t distract from Light but not thin-bodied.” one stands out as spritzy and fun. Lovely offering pine-tree notes and woodiness.”
the hops flavor.” Overall: “The vanilla cream aspect carbonation makes for a better-integrat- Overall: “A lovely little IPA-esque ale.
Overall: “A balanced, pleasant, and makes this one of the more unusual ed experience. Touch of caramel adds Nothing I’d go out of my way go get,
quaffable brew. The mix of hops rounds session IPAs out there, but it’s a risk depth to the overall experience. Lingering but would gladly order it in a sea of
out the rough edges, and hops bitterness that works well. Tropical fruits add hops bitterness is a bit overdone, but adequate beers. The lemony aroma is
is lower than some other examples mak- complexity, and the light body makes still it’s a very nice, easy-drinking beer. especially enticing. Malt flavor is too
ing this beer very approachable. Body it refreshing. A fun, unique choice in The elements are here, without being pronounced relative to the hops charac-
has good depth but minimal character. a field of homogeneity. Very nice. Very too assertive, which seems fitting for a ter or bitterness level, but there’s lots of
Overall, a pretty good session IPA." refreshing and crisp.” session beer.” complexity in the aroma.”

90 93 88 83


Speakeasy Stone Go To Two Brothers Two Roads

Baby Daddy IPA Sidekick Lil Heaven

| ABV: 4.7% | IBU: 35 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.5% | IBU: 65 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 5.1% | IBU: 36 | SRM: N/A | | ABV: 4.8% | IBU: N/A | SRM: N/A |

What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says What the brewer says
“Sunny straw in color and loaded with “This session IPA delivers all the fruity, “Sidekick extra pale ale is a golden “Made with four exotic hops: Azacca,
hops. The aroma and flavor yield citrus piney character of a much bigger IPA. colored ale that is loaded with juicy Calypso, Mosaic, and Equinox. Taste is
and tropical notes: grapefruit, melon, To accomplish this, we employ ‘hop citrus and passion fruit hops aroma yet of tropical fruits, specifically passion
lime, passion fruit, and a touch of spice. bursting’ to coax out extreme flavors and balanced with malt and hops character. fruit, grapefruit, and apricots. Finishes
It has a full balanced body, with a crisp aromas while also imparting a burst of A true companion.” with just enough toasted malt character
finish and low bitterness.” pleasant bitterness.” to balance.”
What our panel thought
What our panel thought What our panel thought Aroma: “Fresh tropical fruit—mango What our panel thought
Aroma: “Fruity and spicy. Citrus notes Aroma: “Tangerines, a little grass, hints and pineapple—with a touch of light Aroma: “Light citrus and tropical
followed by catnip. Fresh-mown lawn of evergreen needles, citrus, light malt tangerine citrus. Some esters of berry fruit—tangerine and mango with a dash
along with pineapple, banana, and a character. Like a Christmas wreath or or stonefruit. Light malt is bready and of pineapple. Light and delicate esters
light earthy/woody base. Could benefit walking through a thick evergreen forest. delicate. Slightly catty and piney hops of pear and rose. Lemon, hay, bits of
from a stronger nose.” A touch of spiciness. Mild fruity esters.” aroma. Catmint and catnip aroma. A pine, and rustic earth. Some cheese as it
Flavor: “Smooth malt, slightly sweet. Flavor: “Whoa, that’s some grass! Re- bit piña colada–like, along with earthy warms. Slight papery oxidation begins to
Full body for a session-strength beer. minds me of fresh-cut grass, but more undertones.” come out as the hops dissipate.”
Coconut, pineapple, black tea, and hints clippings than lawn. Tons of pine in there Flavor: “Full assertive hops flavor— Flavor: “Soft and delicate with a malty
of toast. Bitterness is supportive but accentuate the grassy notes. A pleasant resinous and sticky with earthy, grassy sweetness mid-palate. Hops bitterness
not overpowering. Finish is balanced malt sweetness offers support, and notes from dry hopping. Bitterness is mellow but sufficient to put this in
between hops flavor, bitterness, and a an assertive bitterness completes the might be a tad low, but nice. Hops are the IPA range. Herbal, woodsy, and
light malt. Moderate fruity esters.” off-dry finish. This tastes like a hops tea catty and dank with a bit of skunk.” earthy—might make for a great mush-
Overall: “Firm bitterness lingers just with a moderately strong bitter finish. Overall: “Tastes like fresh hops. Lots of room sauce. Malt body is well-rounded,
long enough. Nice mix of fruity hops and Very little malt to soften the blow.” juicy tropical hops flavors—is that supple, and welcome.”
esters with a medium-sweet malt base. Overall: “If you like piney, grassy hops Mosaic? Very tasty—easy drinking with- Overall: “Very drinkable and refreshing.
Just a bit of butter in the finish detracts flavor and aroma, this is the session out being boring. Some drinkers will lock If you like hops that err on the side of
from drinkability. An okay session IPA IPA for you. The assertive evergreen into this hops profile and feel right at earthy and woodsy, give this one a try. I’d
with acceptable hops character, but character is balanced by a surprising home, even though my palate is not as like to use this to make a pan sauce with
a touch watery and one-dimensional malt backbone and sufficient bitterness big a fan. A pleasant and harmless beer sauteed mushrooms. Bitterness is firm
relative to others in the category. Seems make it a solid session IPA—what I that won’t distract you from the task at but nicely restrained. Nice flavor—fruity
more like a normal pale ale than a would expect from a competent brewer. A hand—drinking lots and lots of it.” citrus and pine. A bit too light to mask
session IPA, but that’s just an arbitrary little more malt would soften some of the the oxidation, but it’s a straightforward
distinction.” rough edges.” example of the style.”

83 87 89 87



Bear Cigar City Deschutes Firestone Founders Green Flash Lagunitas New Belgium
Republic Jai Alai IPA Inversion WalkerUnion Centennial West Coast IPA Ranger IPA

94 86 85 100 93 89 92 89

Odell IPA Rogue Samuel Sierra Ska Brew- Stone IPA Alaskan The Alche-
Brutal IPA Adams Nevada ing Modus Hopothermia mist Heady
Rebel IPA Torpedo IPA Hoperandi Topper

95 84 96 90 96 96 88 91

Dogfish Firestone Lagunitas Lawsons New Odell Russian Sixpoint

Head 90 Walker Dou- Sucks Double Sun- Belgium Myrcenary River Pliny Resin
Minute ble Jack shine Rampant The Elder

85 98 97 100 81 97 93 99

Stone Ruin- Victory Avery Dogfish Evil Twin Green Flash Founders Lagunitas
ation 1.0 DirtWolf Maharaja Head Burton Molotov Palate All-Day IPA Daytime IPA
Baton Cocktail Wrecker

95 93 91 100 93 93 91 97
Read more New IPA Reviews
This issue’s IPA review sessions were our most ambitious ever, and our panel tast-
ed and reviewed more than 110 different IPAs, Double IPAs, and Session IPAs. We
chose 83 of those reviews for the magazine you’re reading now, and the remain-
ing reviews are all live on our website— Visit today for
the panel’s thoughts on New Holland Mad Hatter, La Cumbre Project Dank, Tree
House Alter Ego, Alpine Nelson, Deschutes Fresh Squeezed, and much more. In
addition, read the full tasting notes for the archived reviews above.


The Tea Leaf
In this month’s “Ask the Experts” column, we explore the technique of
whirlpooling and look at ways to do it at home on a small scale.

WHIRLPOOLING IS A COMMON you toward the perimeter as the carousel

practice in North American breweries. It spins faster and faster, while a centripetal
is a post-boil technique, the original pur- tension force within the swing’s chain
pose for which was to separate trub keeps you from flying off and landing in
(mostly hops particles and precipitated the corn-dog stand.
proteins) from wort. But in a turn of In a rotating volume of liquid, however,
events that should not be at all surpris- there is a solid boundary (the kettle wall)
ing to anyone even vaguely familiar with beyond which liquid cannot move. Fur-
American craft beer, brewers have now thermore, friction at the solid-liquid inter-
adopted the whirlpool as yet another face (the wall and the bottom of the kettle)
opportunity to introduce hops into the slows the spinning liquid more effectively
brewing process. at the edges than the liquid slows itself in
If you’d like to do a whirlpool at home, it the middle. The resulting pressure differ-
helps to first know a little bit about tea leaves. ence (the higher the speed, the lower the
pressure) induces a secondary circulation
Mechanics that flows down along the wall, then in-
The whirlpool relies on what physicists ward along the bottom of the kettle toward
call the “tea leaf paradox.” It’s the phe- the center, up the central axis of rotation,
nomenon by which light particles, such and finally, when it nears the surface, back
as tea leaves or trub, collect in the center toward the wall. (Attention science nerds!
of a stirred vessel of liquid and settle to This is classic Ekman flow.)
the bottom in a neat little pile after the Thus, as wort spins within the kettle,
stirring stops. there’s a second, weaker flow pattern
Normally, we associate spinning with a under the surface that we barely notice
tendency for things to move outward, like unless we’re specifically looking for it.
when you ride the big swing carousel at When we stop forcing the liquid to spin,

an amusement park. What is colloquially that secondary circulation pulls light

called centrifugal force (but is really just particles such as hops and trub toward the
your momentum attempting to keep center of the kettle, where they deposit
you moving in a straight line) pushes themselves neatly into a little cone.


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» Temperature Control for Lagering
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So how do you execute a whirlpool at home?
The reason the whirlpool was invented in The pros actually pump wort from the base of
the first place was to push sediment toward
the center of the kettle after the boil. Once
the kettle and reinject it near the surface of the
all of the trub is collected in a nice compact wort. Some retailers now sell special-built [home-
cone, a dip tube near the perimeter can
cleanly drain clear wort out of the kettle,
brew] kettles that feature a tangential inlet near
through the chiller, and into the fermentor. the top, for the express purpose of pumping in
It’s a great way to promote wort clarity and
keep a plate chiller from getting clogged.
wort from the bottom and creating the desired
However, craft brewers have long used effect. The cheapest option, though, is to just
the whirlpool as an additional place to
introduce hops. Why? Well, the whirlpool
grab the biggest spoon you’ve got and give that
is conducted while the wort is still hot—re- kettle of wort a good stir.
member, it hits the chiller afterward. The
whirlpool might last for 15 to 30 minutes, so
crafty brewers decided to steep extra hops in
this spinning vat of hot wort to extract addi- entire volume is moving and that the hops nial at knockout and then wait—anywhere
tional flavor, aroma, and even bitterness. It’s particles and protein trub are nicely sus- from 10 minutes to an hour is fine. The
sort of like an extended hopback. pended throughout the wort. Then, when longer you wait, though, the more IBUs
you’re ready to stop, just cut off the pump you’ll get out of the hops, so if you per-
DIY Whirlpool (or stop stirring) and let the whole thing sit, form a hop stand using a high alpha-acid
So how do you execute a whirlpool at undisturbed for at least 15 minutes—prefer- variety in a recipe of your own design, you
home? Well, the pros actually pump wort ably 30—to let the trub settle out. might want to take your bittering charge
from the base of the kettle and reinject it If you chill your wort as it whirlpools, down a notch or two to account for those
near the surface of the wort. It’s pumped it’s a good idea to have a sanitized lid or extra iso-alpha acids.
in tangentially to the kettle wall at high some sanitized aluminum foil on hand
speed, which sets up the spinning pattern, to cover the pot while everything settles. Other Considerations
and once the whirlpool gets going, it If, however, you whirlpool first and then The whirlpool (or hop stand) is typically
keeps going until they shut off the pump chill after the trub cone has developed, it’s conducted just off the boil, so a little shy
and wait for it to settle down. best to leave the kettle uncovered so that of 212°F (100°C) in most locales at or near
At home, there are a few ways to do this. dimethyl sulfide (DMS) precursor s-meth- sea level. That’s high enough a tempera-
Some retailers now sell special-built ket- yl methionine (SMM) and other volatile ture to extract bitterness from any whirl-
tles that feature a tangential inlet near the compounds don’t get trapped within. No pool hops you add and to make infection
top, for the express purpose of pumping need to worry about contamination as rather unlikely.
in wort from the bottom and creating the long as the wort remains hot enough to But if it’s only flavor and aroma you
desired effect. You can do the same thing kill nasties (above 180°F/82°C). want, you could always cool the wort to
without such an inlet if you just place the about 150°F (66°C) first and then conduct
outlet of the pump’s hose beneath the Hop Stand your whirlpool or hop stand. At this tem-
surface of the wort, although you’ll want If all of this bother with spinning wort perature, you’ll extract delicate hops oils
some way of securing the hose in place. isn’t your cup of tea, you can still extract without isomerizing alpha acids. Con-
The cheapest option, though, is to just additional hops character after the boil by tamination is more of a concern at these
grab the biggest spoon you’ve got and give conducting what is known as a hop stand. temperatures, though, so be extra vigilant
that kettle of wort a good stir. I actually This is super simple and requires very with your sanitation routine.
like to do this with an immersion wort little effort on your part. All you do is have Whether you pump, stir, or stand, the
chiller so that the wort cools down during your whirlpool hops ready to go when you period immediately following the boil is
the whirlpool. This method is only limited cut the flame on the boil and then add a great opportunity to bring in hops char-
by your arm’s stamina. If you want to use them to the hot wort. Then you just wait acter and clarify wort on its way from the
this time to introduce additional hops, add for the amount of time specified in the kettle to the fermentor. And when you’re
them when you start stirring or pumping recipe. That’s it. brewing a great American IPA, clarity and
so that they have contact with the hot wort So, if you decide to brew up Matt Galla- hops are the name of the game.
while you get it started. gher’s Less Thinking IPA (page 66), and
Regardless of how you set up your whirl- you don’t want to actually bother with the If you have a question for the experts, email
pool, it’s a good idea to keep it moving for at whirlpool, you can just add the 1.5 oz (43 us at or visit our
least a couple of minutes to ensure that the g) of Amarillo and 0.5 oz (14 g) of Centen- website at


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Don’t IPA

The United States Of

Miss a » Secrets of Great IPA Brewers from

across the Country: New England,
SoCal, the Midwest, PNW, and More!

February - March 2016 | BEERANDBREWING.COM | CHEERS! » Brew Better IPAs: Yeast & Water Tips
» IPA Freshness: Is It Overrated?
Cook With Sour Beer: 5 Delicious Recipes
In The Cellar: Don’t Age These Beers!


Don’t Judge A Book By Its Cover

Once upon a time, a brewer or drinker could
reliably identify a beer based on color and
clarity—blonde ales were light gold, hefewei-
zens were cloudy, and IPAs were clear and
amber. But today’s brewers defy conven-
tions with color and clarity across the map
regardless of whether it’s a session, regular, or
double IPA. To show just how hard it can be
to guess the beer based on looks alone, see
if you can guess which beers each of these
C1_CBB11-FrontCover-tfa.indd 1 glasses corresponds to. Beers pictured, in no 12/21/15 12:06 PM
particular order, are:
» Speakeasy Baby Daddy Session IPA
» Avery Raja Double IPA
» Tree House Julius IPA
» Left Hand Introvert Session IPA
» Foley Brothers Fair Maiden Double IPA
» Firestone Walker Easy Jack Session IPA
» Avery IPA
» Tröegs Blizzard of Hops
Answers are in the lower left margin. 1 2

Subscribe now to Craft Beer &


a single issue! We pack each issue

3 4 5

with great recipes, techniques,

and inspiration for brewing great
beer, plus style features for 6 7 8


brewers and craft beer lovers 070_CBB11_IPA Package Pt2-tfa-na.indd 77 12/22/15 3:16 PM

and recipes for cooking with Tasted

beer (and pairing it too). There’s The bitterness battle is over as brewers instead pivot to explore
the wide range of flavors available in hops today. Our tasting panel
revisited American IPAs, double IPAs, and session IPAs to

something for every brewer

explore just how far brewers have pushed the styles.

and craft beer lover in Craft Beer


085_CBB11_Reviews-tfa-na.indd 85 12/22/15 7:53 PM

& Brewing Magazine®. Duck Prosciutto with

Dried Fig Chutney


046_CBB11_CookingWithBeer-tfa-na.indd 49 12/22/15 1:38 PM

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Retail Shop Directory
Please visit one of these fine shops wherever you are. Beer At Home Barley Haven Draft n’ Still
(303) 789-3676 (303) 789-2337
If you would like to be listed in our directory, please contact Rachel Szado, 4393 S. Broadway 4131 South Natches Ct.,, (888) 875-8708, ext 705.
Englewood, CO 80113 Unit B Sheridan, CO 80110
Alaska Humboldt Beer Works Simi Valley Homebrew Al’s Newsstand
(707) 442-6258 (805) 583-3110 (970) 482-9853 Ski Haus Liquors
Brew Time 110 3rd St., Ste. D 4352 Eileen St. 177 North College Ave. (970) 879-7278
(907) 479-0200 Eureka, CA 95501 Simi Valley, CA 93063 Fort Collins, CO 80524 1450 S. Lincoln Ave.
29 College Rd., Ste. 4 Steamboat Springs, CO
Fairbanks, AK 99701 Hops and Berries Old Town 80477
O’Shea Brewing Co. Valley Brewers (970) 493-2484
Alaska Home Brew Supply (949) 364-4440 (805) 691-9159 130 W. Olive St., Unit B Applejack Wine & Spirits
(907) 863-0025 28142 Camino Capistrano, 515 4th Pl. Fort Collins, CO 80524 (303) 233-3331
Wasilla, AK 99654 Ste. 107 Solvang, CA 93463 3320 Youngfield St. Laguna Niguel, CA 92677 Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Hops and Berries South
Arizona Colorado (970) 493-2484
Monrovia Homebrew Shop 1833 E. Harmony Rd., Unit 16 Connecticut
Brew Your Own Brew Gilbert (626) 531-0825 The Brew Hut Fort Collins, CO 80528
(480) 497-0011 1945 S. Myrtle Ave. (303) 680-8898 Stomp N Crush
525 E. Baseline Rd., Ste. 108 Monrovia, CA 91016 15120 E. Hampden Ave. (860) 552-4634
Gilbert, AZ 85233 Aurora, CO 80014 Old Town Liquor 140 Killingsworth Turnpike Murrieta Homebrew (970) 493-0443 (Rt.81)
Emporium 214 S. College Ave., Ste. 1 Clinton, CT 06413
What Ales Ya Homebrew (951) 600-0008 Avon Liquor Fort Collins, CO 80524
(623) 486-8016 38750 Sky Canyon Dr., Ste. A (970) 949-4384
6363 W. Bell Rd., Ste. 2 Murrieta, CA 92563 100 West Beaver Creek Blvd Savory Spice Shop Maltose Express
Glendale, AZ 85308 Avon, CO 81620 (970) 682-2971 (203) 452-7332 123 N. College Ave., # 100 246 Main St.
J&M Brewing Supplies Fort Collins, CO 80524 Monroe, CT 06468
Brew Your Own Brew (415) 883-7300 Boulder Fermentation
Scottsdale 101 Roblar Dr., Ste. C Supply
(480) 625-4200 Novato, CA 94949 (303) 578-0041 Florida
8230 E. Raintree Rd., # 103 2510 47th St., Unit I
Scottsdale, AZ 85260 Boulder, CO 80301 Brew Story The Bearded Brewer boulderfermentation (239) 494-1923
Barley Haven Homebrew
(661) 418-6348 (303) 936-2337 20451 S. Tamiami Trail, # 11
Brew Your Own Brew Tucson 4855 W. Columbia Way Estero, FL 33928
(520) 322-5049 1057 South Wadsworth Blvd.,
Quartz Hill, CA 93536 Hazel’s Beverage World Ste. 20
2564 N. Campbell Ave. (303) 447-1955 Hanger 41 Winery and Brew
Tuscon, AZ 85719 Lakewood, CO 80226
NorCal Brewing Solutions 1955 28th St. Shop (530) 243-2337 Boulder, CO 80301 (239) 542-9463
Colorado’s only Homebrew
1768 Churn Creek Rd. and Distilling supply stores 10970 South Cleveland Ave.,
California Redding, CA 96002 Unit 304
with online ordering for Castle Rock Homebrew national customers. Fort Myers, FL 33907
Baycrest Wines & Spirits Supply
(949) 293-3609 The Homebrewer (303) 660-2275 Wyatt’s Wet Goods
333 E. 17th St., Ste. 1 (619) 450-6165 1043 Park St. Hop Heads Craft
(303) 485-9463
Costa Mesa, CA 92627 2911 El Cajon Blvd., Ste. 2 Castle Rock, CO 80109 Homebrewing Supplies
1250 S. Hover Rd., Unit C
San Diego, CA 92104 Longmont, CO 80501 (850) 586-7626 26C NW Racetrack Rd.
Cheers Liquor Mart Fort Walton Beach, FL 32547
Pacific Brewing Supplies (719) 574-2244 Warhammer Supply
HopTech Homebrewing (800) 448-2337 1105 N Circle Dr. (970) 635-2602
Supplies 240 S. San Dimas Ave. Colorado Springs, CO 80909 1112 Monroe Ave. Biscayne Home Brew
(925) 875-0246 San Dimas, CA 91773 Loveland, CO 80537 (305) 479-2691
6398 Dougherty Rd., Ste. 7 7939 Biscayne Blvd.
Dublin, CA 94568 Argonaut Wine & Liquor Miami, FL 33138 Seven Bridges Co-op (303) 831-7788 Bruin Spirits
Operated by 2 passionate Organic Homebrew 760 E. Colfax Ave. (303) 840-1678 Sanford Homebrew Shop
home brewers. Over 60 hops, (800) 768-4409 Denver, CO 80203 11177 S. Dransfeldt Rd. (407) 732-6931
loads of grain and extract. 325 River St., Ste. A Parker, CO 80134 115 S. Magnolia Ave.
Equipment and ingredients. Santa Cruz, CA 95060 Sanford, FL 32771
Military and AHA discount! Park Avenue Wine & Spirits
(303) 477-5700
3480 Park Ave. W., Ste. E
Denver, CO 80216


Georgia Brew & Grow Chicago Kansas Modern Homebrew Michigan
(312) 243-0005 Emporium
Beverage World 19 S. Morgan St. Brew Lab (617) 498-0400
(706) 866-5644 Chicago, IL 60607 (913) 400-2343 2304 Massachusetts Ave.
1840 Lafayette Rd. 8004 Foster St. Cambridge, MA 02140
Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742 Overland Park, KS 66204 Brew & Grow Chicago Adventures In Homebrewing
(773) 463-7430 Drum Hill Liquors (313) 277-2739
Tap It 3625 N. Kedzie Ave. All Grain Brewing Specialists (978) 452-3400
(770) 534-0041 LLC 6071 Jackson Rd.
Chicago, IL 60618 85 Parkhurst Rd. Ann Arbor, MI 48103
1850 Thompson Bridge Rd. (785) 230-2145 Clemsford, MA 01824
Gainesville, GA 30501 1235 NW 39th Serving HomeBrewers Since Brew & Grow Crystal Lake Topeka, KS 66618 1999. We specialize in Beer
(815) 301-4950 Making, Wine Making and
Hops & Barley Craft Beer 176 W. Terra Cotta Ave. Ste. A Kegging.
(912) 657-2006 Crystal Lake, IL 60014 Louisiana
412 MLK Jr. Blvd Siciliano’s Market
Savannah, GA 31401 LA Homebrew (616) 453-9674 Perfect Brewing Supply (225) 773-9128 Strange Brew 2840 Lake Michigan Dr NW
(847) 816-7055 7987 Pecue Lane Ste. 7G (508) 460-5050 Grand Rapids, MI 49504
Savannah Homebrew Shoppe 619 E. Park Ave. Baton Rouge, LA 70809 416 Boston Post Rd. East
(912) 201-9880 Libertyville, IL 60048 (Rte 20)
2102 Skidway Rd. Marlboro, MA 01752 Bell’s General Store
Savannah, GA 31404 Brewstock (269) 382-5712 U BREW (504) 208-2788 Visit New England’s Largest 355 E. Kalamazoo Ave.
(309) 524-5219 3800 Dryades St. Retail Home-Brew Store! Save Kalamazoo, MI 49007
Barley & Vine 1525 3rd Ave., A New Orleans, LA 70115 10% off Craft Beer & Brewing
(770) 507-5998 Moline, IL 61265 online courses with coupon
1445 Rock Quarry Rd., # 202 code “strangebrew”. Capital City Homebrew
Stockbridge, GA 30281 Brewniverse Supply Windy Hill Hops (318) 671-4141 Larkin’s Wine & Spirits
(517) 374-1070
(312) 834-4677 855 Pierremont Rd., Ste. 124 (508) 359-4562
2006 E. Michigan Ave.
Idaho 75 Hopyard Rd. Shreveport, LA 71106 20 North St.
Lansing, MI 48912
Murphysboro, IL 62966 Medfield, MA 02052
Brewer’s Haven Boise
(208) 991-4677 Maryland Pere Marquette Expeditions
1795 S. Vista Ave. Brew & Grow Roselle Austin Liquors Shrewsbury
Nepenthe Homebrew (231) 845-7285
Boise, ID 83705 (630) 894 - 4885 (508) 755-8100
(443) 438-4846 1649 South Pere Marquette Hwy 359 W. Irving Park Rd. 20 Boston Turnpike Rd.
3600 Clipper Mill Rd., 130A Ludington, MI 49431
Roselle, IL 60172 Shrewsbury, MA 01545
HomeBrewStuff Baltimore, MD 21211
(208) 375-2559 Cap N Cork Homebrew Supply
9165 W. Chinden Blvd., Ste. 103 Indiana Francis Food Mart
Brews Up (586) 286-5202
Garden City, ID 83714 (617) 484-0146
(443) 513-4744 16776 21 Mile Rd. Great Fermentations West 1084 Belmont St.
9028 Worcester Hwy Macomb, MI 48044
(317) 268-6776 Watertown, MA 02472
Brewer’s Haven Nampa Berlin, MD 21811
7900 E. US 36 West
(208) 461-3172 Avon, IN 46123 Adventures In Homebrewing
1311 12th Ave. Rd. Craft Beer Cellar Winchester
Maryland Homebrew (313) 277-2739
Nampa, ID 83686 (781) 369-1174
(888) 273-9669 23869 Van Born Rd. Great Fermentations Indy 18 Thompson St.
6770 Oak Hall Lane # 108 Taylor , MI 48180
(317) 257-9463 Winchester, MA 01890
Rocky Mountain Homebrew Columbia, MD 21045
5127 East 65th St.
Supply Indianapolis, IN 47220
Beer and Wine Hobby Mississippi
(208) 745-0866
218 N 4000 E. Flying Barrel (781) 933-8818 Brew Ha Ha Homebrew
Rigby, ID 83442 Brewhouse Supplies (301) 663-4491 155 T New Boston St Supply (219) 286-7285 1781 N. Market St. Woburn, MA 01801 (601) 362-0201
1555 West Lincolnway Ste. Federick, MD 21701 4800 I-55 North Ste. 17A
Illinois 102 Jackson, MS 39211
Valparaiso, IN 46385 Austin Liquors Worcester
Bev Art Brewer & Winemaker Massachusetts (508) 852-8953
Supply 117 Gold Star Blvd
Craft Beer Cellar Belmont Missouri
(773) 233-7579 Iowa Worcester, MA 01606
10033 S. Western Ave. (617) 932-1885 St. Louis Wine & Beermaking
Chicago, IL 60643 C & S Brew Supply 51 Leonard St. (636) 230-8277 (515) 963-1965 Belmont, MA 02478 231 Lamp and Lantern
315 SW Maple St Village
Ankeny, IA 50023 Chesterfield, MO 63017

Retail Shop Directory
Brew & Wine Supply Love2Brew North Brunswick Simply Homebrew Yellow House Canyon
(636) 797-8155 (732) 658-3550 (570) 788-2311 Brew Works
10663 Business 21 1583 Livingston Ave., Unit 2 2 Honey Hole Rd. (806) 744-1917
Hillsboro, MO 63050 North Brunswick, NJ 08902 Drums, PA 18222 601 N. University Ave. Lubbock, TX 79408
Grains & Taps Love2Brew Paterson Atlantic Brew Supply Hamlin Distributors
(919) 400-9087
(816) 866-5827 (973) 925-4005 (570) 689-2891
224 SE Douglas St. 27 East 33rd St. 3709 Neil St. 590 Hamlin Highway Cypress Grape and Grain
Lee’s Summit, MO 64063 Paterson, NJ 07514 Raleigh, NC 27607 Hamlin, PA 18427 (832) 698-1402 24914 State Hwy 249 Ste.
Whether you homebrew, new
to the commercial brewing 145
The Home Brewery New Mexico Scotzin Bros Tomball, TX 77375
(417) 581-0963 scene, or expanding, Atlantic (717) 737-0483
Brew Supply is ready to set
1967 W. Boat St. Susan’s Fine Wine and 65 C North Fifth St.
Spirits you up!
Ozark, MO 65721 Lemoyne, PA 17043 Utah (505) 984-1582
1005 South St. Francis Dr.,
Montana Ste. 105 Wolf’s Premium Nuts & Crafts Weak Knee Home Brew
Santa Fe, NM 87505 (419) 423-1355 Supply
Hennessy Market (610) 327-1450
1016 Tiffin Ave.
(406) 723-3097 1277 N.Charlotte St
Findlay, OH 45840
32 East Granite St. New York Pottstown, PA 19464 Salt City Brew Supply
Butte, MT 59701 (801) 849-0955 Arbor Wine and Beer The PumpHouse Homebrew 750 E. Fort Union Blvd.
Supplies Shop Bailee’s Homebrew & Wine
Rock Hand Hardware Midvale, UT 84047
(631) 277-3004 (330) 755-3642 Supplies
(406) 442-7770 184 Islip Ave. (717) 755-7599
336 Elm St. Call us with your brewing
2414 N. Montana Ave. Islip, NY 11751 2252 Industrial Hwy questions and make whatever
Struthers, OH 44471
Helena, MT 59601 York, PA 17402 beer you want with our selection of hops, yeast, and
Oklahoma grain.
Summer Sun Garden & Brew South Carolina
(406) 541-8623
838 West Spruce St. The KegWorks Store Liquid Hobby
Missoula, MT 59802 (716) 929-7570 (803) 798-2033 1460 Military Rd. 736-F St. Andrews Rd.
High Gravity Columbia, SC 29210
Kenmore, NY 14217
Nebraska (918) 461-2605
7142 S. Memorial Drive Ogden City Brew Supply
From drinkware and draft (385) 238-4995
Kirk’s Brew Tulsa, OK 74133 Tennessee
beer equipment to bar 2269 Grant Ave.
(402) 476-7414
accessories, homebrewing Ogden, UT 84401
1150 Cornhusker Hwy Electric Brewing Systems Rebel Brewer
supplies, cocktail bitters, and
Lincoln, NE 68521 from High Gravity. Simple. (615) 859-2188
mixers, The KegWorks Store is Big selection of hops, grain, On Purpose. $7.99 Flat Rate 105 Space Park North
a Drinker’s Paradise. and yeast, for every level of
Shipping on most items. Goodlettsville, TN 37072
Nevada Saratoga Zymurgist brewer, as well as wine, cider
(518) 580-9785 and mead kits.
BrewChatter 112 Excelsior Ave. Texas
(775) 358-0477 The Brew Shop Vermont
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866 (541) 323-2318
1275 Kleppe Ln., Unit 21 Black Hawk Brewing Supply
1203 NE Third St. Craft Beer Cellar Waterbury
Sparks, NV 89431 (254) 393-0491
Bend, OR 97701 (802) 882-8034 Hop & Goblet 582 E. Central Texas Expressway 3 Elm St.
(315) 790-5946 Harker Heights, TX 76548
New Jersey Waterbury, VT 05676
2007 Genesee St F.H. Steinbart Co.
Utica, NY 13501 (503) 232-8793
Keg & Barrel Homebrew DeFalcos Home Wine and
Supply 234 SE 12th Ave. Beer Supplies Virgina
North Carolina
(856) 809-6931 Portland, OR 97214 (800) 216-2739
2 S. Rt. 73, Unit I Bull City Homebrew 9223 Stella Link Rd.
Berlin, NJ 08009 (919) 682-0300 Houston, TX 77025 My LHBS
kegandbarrel 1906 E. NC Hwy 54, Pennsylvania (703) 241-3874 Ste. 200-B Back Alley Beverage 6201 Leesburg Pike
Durham, NC 27713 (484) 463-8518 Texas Homebrewers Falls Church, VA 22044
The Brewer’s Apprentice (855) 744-2739
Corner of State Rd. &
(732) 863-9411 3130 North Fry Rd., Ste. 800 Huge selection of ingredients
865 State Route 33 Ste. 4 Lansdowne Ave.
Drexel Hill, PA 19026 Katy, TX 77449 and equipment conveniently
Freehold, NJ 07728 located inside the Beltway.
Check out our unique and
delicious store recipe kits!


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Art of the Hops

We wouldn’t have IPAs without them. Matt Graves’s extreme close-up portrait of this hops cone seems like a fitting way to close our annual IPA issue.