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Convergence WLAN/CDMA

Architecture

CDG Technology Forum


October 7, 2005
Outline
• Introduction and Network Architecture
• Key elements to enable WLAN/CDMA services
– Access control
– Mobility management
• Summary

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Value of WLAN Access
• Enhanced in-building coverage
– Improved voice quality
– Improved packet data user access bandwidth
• Traffic offload from cellular to local wireless network
• Wireline/wireless service integration
• Global roaming via WLAN access

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Convergence Network Architecture

IMS
Border Router

ANSI-41
VoIP/Data
Enterprise Network
Network
Packet Data
Interworking
Function (PDIF)

ISP
MGW
Hot Spot PDSN
Operator’s Domain
Internet
Public Domain

RAN MSC PSTN

Home

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Key Architecture Elements
• Access Control (PDIF)
• Mobility Management

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PDIF - 3GPP2 Specification (X.P0028-200)
Broker Network cdma2000
•• PDIF:
PDIF:The
ThePacket
PacketData
Data
(0 or more ) Home Network

Interworking
InterworkingFunction
Function Database
•• Security
Securitygateway
gateway
2
•• IP connectivity
IP connectivity
B-AAA H-AAA 4
optional HLR/AC

•• User
Userauthentication
authentication
6 9
•• Secure
Securetunnel
tunnelmanagement
management
•• Policy 8
PolicyEnforcement
PDIF HA
Enforcement
•• Accounting
Accounting
7

2
Packet Data
Services

5
1
W-AAA
WLAN
3
Internet

MS

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IPsec/MIP Tunnels
S: CN
D: HoA

HoA
IP S: HA IP
D: TiA

TIA HA-MN
IP S: PDIF Tunnel IP
D: LoA

LoA IPSec
IP Tunnel IP ETH ETH
ETH ETH
Wireless Wireless
PHY& PHY& ETH ETH
MAC MAC

MN AP PDIF HA CN
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End-to-End QoS Provisioning

QoS Provisioned Domain


QoS Provisioned

PDIF ANSI-41
VoIP/Data
Enterprise DiffServ Network
Network

ISP/MSO
MGW
PDSN
Home Operator’s Domain
Internet
Public Domain

Best Effort RAN MSC PSTN

Hot Spot

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Mobility Management
• Mobility in WLAN
– Movement crossing IP subnets
• Mobility Between WLAN/CDMA
– Movement between Wireless LAN and wide area CDMA
– WLAN VoIP to CDMA2000 1xEV-DO VoIP hand off : Fast Mobile
IP handoff
– WLAN VoIP to CDMA2000 1X handoff

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Requirements for Voice Call Handoffs
• Strive for seamless handoff without service
interruption
– At a minimum, no call drops
– Ideally, interruption under 100 ms
• Permit no changes to the existing CDMA2000 1X
infrastructure
• Support single-number call delivery to handset via
CDMA & WLAN
• Off-load voice traffic from CDMA2000 1X circuit
network to VoIP packet network

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Alternative Handoff Solutions
1. Inter-MSC like handoff
2. Inter-BSC like handoff
3. Using HO number - Bridged call handoff

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WLAN-CDMA2000 1X Handoff:
Using HO Number
1X
RAN MSC

HLR

SIP
SIP/IPVLR Mobility PSTN
MGCF MGW
HO Function Server

SIP
CSCF VoIPmobility
Once
The handset
CSCF
MSlink
theuses
is
context
signals
released,
server
sends
places
signals
moves
the traffic
istoaato
to
the
established,
a
circuit
instructs
channel
BYE
andlocation
CSCF
mobility
the
message
call
handoff
and
the
in
to
toserver
which
amedia
begins
establish
the
VoIP
toisMGWthe
tocall
a mobility
establish
can
1x
using
gateway
sending
release
complete.
signal
bethe set
the
voice
to
is
this
unique
context
up.
link
VoIP
strong,
mobility
over
Bearer
theside
with
and
the
context.
traffic
a
handoff
VoIP
BOTH
of handoff
the
mobility
call
flows
connection.
paths,
number.
to
is through
server.
this
indicated.
circuit
circuit the
MGW
(MS
connection.
and packet.
ortoFNE
the PSTN.
driven.)
Internet PDIF
EVRC/RTP/IP

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Handoff Using HO Number
• Performance similar to a call transfer
– Minimum service interruption
• Requires no changes to the CDMA2000 1X
infrastructure.
• VoIP calls do not use any CDMA2000 1X MSC
resources

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Summary
• We have discussed the key architecture elements to
enable WLAN/CDMA services:
– PDIF – Access Control
– Mobility management
• WLAN to CDMA2000 1X handoff is an important
element to enable the WLAN/CDMA services for the
near term
– Longer-term focus should be on solutions for seamless
WLAN VoIP to CDMA2000 1xEV-DO VoIP handoff.
– Bridged call solution provides sufficient simplicity and
performance

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