The function of a surface condenser is to create the lowest possible turbine or process operating backpressure while condensing steam. 2. In order recover the loss of steam to atmosphere after the expansion of steam in turbine a steam surface condenser is used which greatly reduces the cost of water treatment also. 3. The condensate generated is usually re -circulated back into the boiler and reused. Both of these operations are accomplished at the best efficiency consistent withthe ever-present problem of economy. 4. Surface Condenser also provides a convenient point for makeup water entry and expelling point for non-condensable gases. Figure below shows the simple power cycle

The actual Rankine cycle used in modern powerplants has many more components, but the above four components are common to all power plants. In this cycle, water is heated in the steam generator to produce high temperature and pressure steam. This steam is then expanded in a turbine to produce electricity from a generator that is connected to the turbine. The steam from the turbine is then condensed back into water in the condenser. The pump then returns the water to the steam generator. Thus, the main purposes of the condenser are to condense the exha steam from the turbine for reuse in the cycle and to ust maximize turbine efficiency by maintaining proper vacuum. As the operating pressure of the condenser is lowered (vacuum is increased), the enthalpy drop of the expanding steam in the turbine will also increase. This will increase the amount of available work from the turbine (electrical output). By lowering the condenser operating pressure, the following will occur: Increased turbine output Increased plant efficiency Reduced steam flow (for a given plant output) It is therefore very advantageous to operate the condenser at the lowest possible pressure (highest vacuum).

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