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A computer is an electronic device, which executes software programs. It consists of 2 parts-

hardware and software . The computer processes input through input devices like mouse and
keyboard. The computer displays output through output devices like color monitor and printer.
The size of a computer varies considerably from very small to very big. The speed of computers
also has a very large range. Computers have become indispensable in today¶s world. Millions of
people use computers all over the world.


ë c    - Word Processing software automatically corrects spelling and

grammar mistakes. If the content of a document repeats you don¶t have to type it each
time. You can use the copy and paste features. You can printout documents and make
several copies. It is easier to read a word-processed document than a handwritten one.
You can add images to your document.
   - It is a network of almost all the computers in the world. You can browse
through much more information than you could do in a library. That is because
computers can store enormous amounts of information. You also have very fast and
convenient access to information. Through E-Mail you can communicate with a person
sitting thousands of miles away in seconds. There is chat software that enables one to
chat with another person on a real-time basis. Video conferencing tools are becoming
readily available to the common man.
  ± Audio or video composition and editing have been
made much easier by computers. It no longer costs thousands of dollars of equipment to
compose music or make a film. Graphics engineers can use computers to generate short
or full-length films or even to create three-dimensional models. Anybody owning a
computer can now enter the field of media production. Special effects in science fiction
and action movies are created using computers.
  - With desktop publishing, you can create page layouts for entire
books on your personal computer.
   - You can diagnose diseases. You can learn the cures. Software
is used in magnetic resonance imaging to examine the internal organs of the human body.
Software is used for performing surgery. Computers are used to store patient data.
 - Thanks to computers, which have computing speeds of
over a million calculations per second we can perform the biggest of mathematical
ë u - All financial transactions are done by computer software. They provide security,
speed and convenience.
ë    - One can book air tickets or railway tickets and make hotel reservations online.
 - Software is widely used here. Also all mobile phones have
software embedded in them.
ë    - There is software embedded in almost every weapon. Software is used for
controlling the flight and targeting in ballistic missiles. Software is used to control access
to atomic bombs.
ë Ô   ± Instead of a book it is easier to learn from an E-learning software.
ë G-You can gamble online instead of going to a casino.
ë Ô -You can give online exams and get instant results. You can check your
examination results online.
  - Shops and supermarkets use software, which calculate the
bills. Taxes can be calculated and paid online. Accounting is done using computers. One
can predict future trends of business using artificial intelligence software. Software is
used in major stock markets. One can do trading online. There are fully automated
factories running on software.
ë    - Different types of certificates can be generated. It is very easy to create and
change layouts.
ë    - The computer software authenticates the user and dispenses cash.
ë   - There are matrimonial sites through which one can search for a suitable
groom or bride.
ë Ñ -There are many websites through which you can read the latest or old news.
ë  -There are many alumni websites through which you can regain contact with
your classmates.
ë è - Robots are controlled by software.
ë c    - They operate using software.
ë     - They are operated by software.
 - Software can be used to store contact information,
generating plans, scheduling appointments and deadlines.
ë   - Software can examine content for plagiarism.
ë G   - You can send and receive greetings pertaining to different occasions.
ë    ± Software is used for making umpiring decisions. There are simulation software
using which a sportsperson can practice his skills. Computers are also to identify flaws in
ë     ± Pilots train on software, which simulates flying.
ë c    ± Supercomputers are used to analyze and predict weather.

Computers have leapfrogged the human society into another league. It is used in each and every
aspect of human life. They will spearhead the human quest of eradicating social problems like
illiteracy and poverty. It is difficult to imagine a world bereft of computers. This revolutionary
technology is indeed a boon to the human race. May computers continue to shower their
blessings to us.







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The present global age is the consequence of the computer age. A computer is an electronic
device that stores and processes data, according to a list of instructions. It allows a user to
manipulate data easily. The speed of performance of a computer is incomparable. The computer
and Internet have affected our way of working, communicating, playing and also writing. In fact,
computers are used in every aspect of life today.


Because of the many advantages of a computer, it has become an important household item. A
computer operated by an individual without any specific computer operator is called as a
personal computer (PC). A PC can be a desktop or a laptop computer and can be used at home or
at office. As per the requirement of the user, softwares are installed in a PC. Let¶s discuss the
advantages of computers.

One can write more effectively by means of a computer. There are tools like spelling and
grammar checker, thesaurus and dictionary, installed in the computer. Thus, it takes less time to
proofread a written document and also, there is no need to open up a dictionary book to look for
meanings of words. Typing is much faster than writing on a paper. If there is a need for
reorganizing the sentences or paragraphs, one can cut and paste and make the necessary changes.
Thus, overall a computer allows the user to create documents, edit, print, and store them so that
they can be retrieved later.

Using a computer, one can remain connected to the world through Internet. Internet is a network
of computers that communicates via the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP). The World Wide Web
(WWW) or simply web is a huge resource of information that can be accessed via the Internet.
To mention a few of the resources, there are electronic mail (e-mail), file transferring and
sharing, online chat and gaming. The Internet allows people from around the world to share
knowledge, ideas and experiences in any field.

E-mail is a method of communication used globally and is provided with a system of creating,
storing and forwarding mails. It may consist of text messages with attachments of audio-visual
clips. One can also download or upload files using the Internet. There are also facilities like
online chatting available on the Internet. As compared to telephonic conversation, both e-mail
and online chat are cost saving. Online gaming is another important resource of the WWW.
Many online games are available, which are of common interest for any age group. In addition,
one can read current news, check weather conditions, plan vacations and make hotel and travel
reservations, find out about diseases and treatment methods, conduct transactions, learn about
specific countries and their cultures, seek jobs, buy products, etc via the Internet.

Nowadays, computers are widely used for education and training purposes. In schools, computer
education has been made compulsory to spread awareness about computers. As a matter of fact,
computers have become a learning tool for children. Also, there are many universities that
provide online degrees, which is very advantageous for those people staying in the remote areas
and for the disabled. In fact, online education is one of the most flexible and convenient forms of
learning. One can take the benefit of such online degree programs staying at home without the
need of relocation. Computers are also used for training purposes. Many companies use them to
train their staffs.

However, in spite of the many advantages of computers, there are some disadvantages that
cannot be ignored. The easy access to information via Internet has made students lazy in terms of
their education since they are able to download information without exploring their topic of
research. They also use computers for mathematical tables and calculations without actually
solving the problems. Also, it is important for parents to keep a check on the browsing habits of
their children as some websites are not meant for their viewing. Other disadvantages include
identity theft and virus threat. Computers viruses are harmful to the systems and can be
transferred from one computer system to another.


These days every single person is known with the word-computer. We can find computers at
everywhere around us. In fact modern world will be incomplete without computers and their
applications. It¶s almost impossible to even imagine the modern facilities without the use of
computers. For many individuals computer means PC, on which they can see movies, play
games, prepare office sheets and manage daily planners. But this is just a page of the book of

Computer means much more than a PC. A computer can simply be defined as a machine which
takes instructions and perform computations and operations accordingly. These commanded
instructions are known as programs and computers execute these programs to do an operation. At
a time, a set of instructions can be given to a computer to perform several operations,
simultaneously. This feature is a point of distinction for the computers.


Just like computers, calculators also take an instruction as an

input and provide output results accordingly. But a calculator can give response to a recent and
immediate input only. But computers can be installed with a set of instructions, so a computer
can work as a continuous worker. Computers provide outputs for respective inputs in a pre-
decided manner, so there is no need to enter one input at a time, a computer can process various
inputs simultaneously. Because of this exclusive feature, computers play a crucial role as an
application device in application based services like banking, transportation, security,
government affairs etc.

Many types of computers are available these days. Depending on their usage and service
application they can be classified in various categories. Supercomputers are capable of doing
trillions of calculations in fraction of seconds, so they are used as controlling units of banking
transactions; to keep records of railway and air transportations; to conduct decent flow of
telecommunication and many more complex operations can be controlled, organized and
conducted by using supercomputers.
On the other hand computers are also used in conducting simple operations like billing, ticket
transactions, record maintenance, security analysis etc. And even computers (PC) are also used
to do home based general activities like office sheet maintenance, day planner, entertainment etc.
So computers are involved in every sector of life with different forms and different applications.

In modern word everything around us like GPS, ATM machines, cell phones, petrol pumps,
portable play stations and all other modern devices use computer controlling units to conduct
their featured operations.

Surely computers have very elaborated role in daily day life of humans. The biggest proof is
present at our surroundings. Just having a look around at our surroundings will be enough to
prove the involvement of computers in everyday lives. Shopping, banking, traveling, stocking,
literature, entertainment, public sector, private sector, almost everywhere computers are playing
their roles efficiently. Computers can be designated as one of the most creative innovations of
human beings. In coming days computers are even going to be more pervasive, because
technology is getting advanced day by day.