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A DIVISION OF

THE SOCIETY OF THE PLASTICS INDUSTRY. INC • 1801 K STREET NW. SUITE 600K WASHINGTON. DC 20006 • (202) 974-5200

Technical Bulletin
PBI 29-1993

RECOMMENDED INDUSTRY SPECIFICATIONS FOR RECYCLED HDPE

1.0 SCOPE 3.1.5 Density value.


1.1 The purpose of this specification is to provide
information necessary for bottle producers to 3.1.6 Color values comprising L*, a*, b* values,
make informed decisions on recycled HDPE or a calculated 9E derived from the L, a,
resins. This specification will further the ability for and b values when compared to a virgin
the bottle maker or resin purchaser to select a blow molding resin.
recycled HDPE that will perform acceptably from
both a performance and aesthetic standpoint. The 3.1.7 Methods used to control contamination
documentation provided as a result of this and/or measurements thereof.
specification may be used to determine
reclaimer/molder specifications where certain 4.0 MEASURED PROPERTIES:
properties are desired. 4.1 Suggested Specifications

2.0 SUMMARY OF PRACTICE: 4.1.1 Melt Index (ASTM D-1238)


2.1 All or a subset of the tests listed in this document (g/10 min)
can be used to determine mutually agreeable natural-0.65 ± 0.20
specifications for recycled HDPE received from a pigmented-0.45 ± 0.20
reclaimer at a bottle production facility. By
4.1.2 Density (ASTM D-1505, D-792)
following the test methods listed, decisions can be
(g/cc)
made as to the suitability of a recycled HDPE for a
0.960 ± 0.010
specific blow molding application. Such data
would also allow statistical quality control records 4.1.3 Color (ASTM D-2244)
to be kept for recycled HDPE and resultant ∆E
L*,a*,b*,∆
production.
Values to be agreed upon between
3.0 CERTIFICATE OF ANALYSIS REQUIREMENT: supplier and customer.
3.1 Examples of recycled HDPE properties that may
be supplied by the reclaimer to converter on a 4.1.4 Volatiles 0.10% max
Certificate of Analysis (COA) include: (%)

3.1.1 Statement that material received is Run in oven at 105°C for 1 hour.
derived from 100% recycled plastics.
4.1.5 Pellet Count 50-80
3.1.2 Statement of total wt% of additives and/ or (pellets/gm)
color concentrate added to the post-
consumer resin by the reclaimer during The agreed upon specification between
manufacture. supplier and purchaser in the above
range shall use a target value with a
3.1.3 Melt Index value. tolerance of ± 5 pellets per gram, for a
total range of 10 pellets/gm.
3.1.4 Melt Index range.

To the best of our knowledge the information contained herein is accurate. However, The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. assumes no liability whatsoever for the accuracy or completeness of
the information contained herein. Final determination of the suitability of any information of material for the use contemplated, the manner of use and whether there is any infringement of patents
is the sole responsibility of the user.
This test method or practice may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This test method does not purport to address all of the safety measures associated with its use. It is the
responsibility of the user of this method to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of any federal, state, and local regulatory limitations prior to use.

COPYRIGHT  1993 by THE SOCIETY OF THE PLASTICS INDUSTRY, INC.


PBI 29 - Page 2 of 2

4.1.6 Contamination 100 mesh screen 5.0 REFERENCES:


5.1 ASTM D-1238 "Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by
A 100 mesh screen pack (or finer) will be Extrusion Plastometer"
used for the manufacture of all post-
consumer HDPE resins. 5.2 ASTM D-1505 "Density of Plastics by the
Density-Gradient Technique"
Contamination is defined as any non-
5.3 ASTM D-792 "Specific Gravity and Density of
polyethylene foreign substance
Plastics by Displacement"
remaining in the recycled resin after the
reclaiming step. Contamination can take 5.4 ASTM D-1248 "Polyethylene Plastics Molding
the form of labels, charred paper or and Extrusion Materials"
cardboard, dirt, aluminum foil, adhesive,
or polymeric contaminants such as PET 5.5 ASTM D-2244 "Calculation of Color Differences
or PVC. In some cases, gels caused from from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates"
excessive degradation of the polymer
during re-processing may also be 5.6 ASTM D-5203 "Polyethylene Plastics Molding
considered as contamination. and Extrusion Materials from Recycled Post-
Consumer (HDPE) Sources"