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Course structure of BE Electrical Engineering branch

Branch: Electrical Engineering Year: 1st Semester: 1st

Sl. Course Subject Periods Evaluation Scheme


No. No.
Theory L T P Sessional Exam ESE Subject Credit
Total
TA CT Total
1 PH101 Engg. Physics-I 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
2 CY102 Engg. Chemistry-I 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
3 MA103 Mathematics-I 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
4 CE104 Mechanics of Solids 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
5 HU105 Technical Report Writing 2 15 10 25 50 75 2
6 CS106 Computer Programming 2 15 10 25 50 75 2
Practicals/Drawing/Design
7 CE107 Engineering Graphics-I 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
8 CS106 Computer Programming lab 50 50 1.5
L
9 ME108 Workshop Practice 3 50 50 100 100 1.5
10 PH101 Engg. Physics-I Lab 3 10 10 40 50 1.5
L
11 CY102 Engg. Chemistry-I Lab 3 10 10 40 50 1.5
L
Total 19 5 9 250 170 420 730 1150 30

Branch: Electrical Engineering Year: 2nd Semester: 2nd

Sl. Course Subject Periods Evaluation Scheme


No. No.
Theory L T P Sessional Exam ESE Subject Credit
Total
TA CT Total
1 PH201 Engg. Physics-II 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
2 CY202 Engg. Chemistry -II 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
3 MA203 Mathematics-II 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
4 ME204 Engg. Mechanics-I 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
5 EE205 Basic Electrical Engg & 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Electronics
6 HU 206 Sociology 2 15 10 25 50 75 2
Practicals/Drawing/Design
7 ME207 Engg. Graphics-II 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
8 PH201 Engg. Physics-II Lab 3 10 10 40 50 1.5
L
9 CY202 Engg. Chemistry-II Lab 3 10 10 40 50 1.5
L
10 ME204 Engg Mech-I Lab 3 15 10 25 25 1.5
L
11 EE205 Basic Electrical Engg & 3 10 10 40 50 1.5
L Electronics Lab
Total 19 6 12 240 140 380 770 1150 32
Branch: Electrical Engineering Year: 2nd Semester: 3rd

Sl. Course Subject Periods Evaluation Scheme


No. No.
Theory L T P Sessional Exam ESE Subject Credit
Total
TA CT Total
1 MA Mathematics -III 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
301
2 EE 341 Network Analysis 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
3 EE 342 Electrical Engineering 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Materials
4 EE 343 Analog Electronics -I 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
5 ME 302 Engineering Mechanics -II 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
6 ME 305 Basic Thermodynamics 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Practicals/Drawing/Design
7 EE 344 Electrical Engineering 3 30 20 50 50 2
Drawing
8 EE Analog Electronics-I 3 30 20 50 50 2
343L
9 ME Engineering Mechanics -II 3 30 20 50 50 2
302L
10 ME Basic Thermodynamics 3 30 20 50 50 2
305L
Total 18 6 12 300 200 500 600 1100 32

Branch: Electrical Engineering Year: 2nd Semester: 4th

Sl. Course Subject Periods Evaluation Scheme


No. No.
Theory L T P Sessional Exam ESE Subject Credit
Total
TA CT Total
1 MA Advanced Mathematics & 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
401 Numerical Analysis
2 HU 402 Accountancy for Engineers 2 15 10 25 50 75 2
3 HU 403 Communication & 2 15 10 25 50 75 2
Presentation Skills
4 EE 441 Advanced Computer 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Programming & Data
Structure
5 EE 442 Electrical Machines-I 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
6 EE 443 Electrical Measurements 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
and Measuring Instruments
7 EE 444 Electromagnetic field theory 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Practicals/Drawing/Design

8 EE441L Computer Programming 3 25 25 50 50 2


9 EE443L Electrical Measurements 3 25 25 50 50 2
and Measuring Instruments
10 EE442L Electrical Machines-I 3 25 25 50 50 2
11 Communication/Language 3 25 25 50 50 2
Lab
Total 19 5 12 280 220 500 600 1100 32
Branch: Electrical Engineering Year: 3rd Semester: 5th

Sl. Course Subject Periods Evaluation Scheme


No. No.
Theory L T P Sessional Exam ESE Subject Credit
Total
TA CT Total
1 HU 501 Engg. Economics 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
2 EE 541 Digital Electronics & 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Systems
3 EE 542 Control System 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
4 EE 543 Computer Oriented 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Numerical Methods
5 EE 544 Electric Power System-I 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
6 EE 545 Electrical Machines-II 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
7 General Proficiency/Extra- 50 50 2
Academic Activity-I
Practicals/Drawing/Design

8 EE 541L Digital Electronics & 3 25 25 50 50 2


Systems
9 EE 542L Control System 3 25 25 50 50 2
10 EE 543L CONM Lab 3 25 25 50 50 2
11 EE 545L Electrical Machines-II 3 25 25 50 50 2
Total 18 6 12 280 220 500 650 1150 34

Branch: Electrical Engineering Year: 3rd Semester: 6th

Sl. Course Subject Periods Evaluation Scheme


No. No.
Theory L T P Sessional Exam ESE Subject Credit
Total
TA CT Total
1 EE 641 Optimization Techniques in 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Engineering
2 EE 642 Power Electronics 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
3 EE 643 Microprocessors & 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
Applications
4 EE 644 Electric Power System-II 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
5 EE 645 Analog Electronics-II 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
6 EE 646 Signals and Systems 3 1 30 20 50 100 150 4
7 EE 647 General Proficiency/Extra 50 50 2
Academic Activity-II
Practicals/Drawing/Design

8 EE 642L Power Electronics 3 25 25 50 50 2


9 EE 643L Microprocessors & 3 25 25 50 50 2
Applications
10 EE 645L Analog Electronics-II 3 25 25 50 50 2
11 EE 644L Power system simulation 3 25 25 50 50 2
Total 18 6 12 280 220 500 650 1150 34
Branch: Electrical Engineering Year: 4th Semester: 7th

Sl. Cours Subject Periods Evaluation Scheme


No. e No.
Theory L T P Sessional Exam ESE Subject Credit
Total
TA CT Total
1 EE 741 Electric Power System-III 3 1 50 25 75 100 175 4
2 EE 742 Communication Engineering 3 1 50 25 75 100 175 4
3 EE 743 Embedded System 3 1 50 25 75 100 175 4
4 EE 744 Elective -I 3 1 50(Lab) 25 75 100 175 4
5 EE 745 Elective-II (departmental or 3 1 50 25 75 100 175 4
open elective to be offered
by Humanities department)
6 EE 746 Industrial Training 75 75 2
7 EE 747 Project -I 5 150 150 8
Total 15 10 250 125 600 500 1100 30

Elective-I: Elective –II


EE744.1 Advanced Control System EE745.1 Renewable Energy
EE744.2 Optoelectronics EE745.2 Utilization & Conservation of Electric Energy
EE744.3 Instrumentation Engineering EE745.3 Illumination Engineering

Branch: Electrical Engineering Year: 4th Semester: 8th

Sl. Cours Subject Periods Evaluation Scheme


No. e No.
Theory L T P Sessional Exam ESE Subject Credit
Total
TA CT Total
1 EE 841 Industrial Drives & Control 3 1 50 25 75 100 175 4
2 EE 842 Power System –IV 3 1 50 25 75 100 175 4
3 EE 843 High Voltage Engineering 50 25 75 100 175 4
4 EE 844 Elective -I 3 1 50 25 75 100 175 4
5 EE 845 Elective-II 3 1 50 25 75 100 175 4
6 EE 846 Project -II 6 150 8
7 EE 847 Viva-Voce 150 75 2
Total 12 10 250 125 525 525 1100 30

Elective-I: Elective –II


EE844.1 Advanced Topics in Power System EE845.1 Digital Signal Processing
EE844.2 Reliability Engineering EE845.2 Digital Image processing
EE844.3 Power Quality analysis and easement EE845.3AdvancedCommunication Engineering
DETAILED SYLLABUS
SEMESTER I

PH 101 ENGINEERING PHYSICS - I


3134

PROPERTIES OF MATTER: Stress and Strain, Hooke's law, Types of elasticity,


Equivalence of a shear to a compression and an extension at right angles to each other,
Energy of a strained body, Relation connecting the elastic constants, Poisson's ratio, Bending
of beams, Expression for bending moment, Cantilever.

GEOMETRICAL AND WAVE OPTICS: Spherical and Chromatic aberrations,


Expression for longitudinal chromatic aberration, Achromatism of thin lens, Interference of
light, Types of Interference (division of wavefrom and division of amplitude), Interference in
thin films and wedge shaped films, Newton's Ring, Fresnel and Fraunhoffer diffraction,
Fraunhoffer diffraction at a single slit, Intensity distribution in the diffraction pattern due to
single slit.

SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY: Postulates of Special Theory of Relativity,


Lorentz Transformations, Length Contraction & Time Dilation, Relativity of simultaneity,
Twin-paradox, Relativity of Mass.

LCR CIRCUIT IN DC NETWORK: Helmholtz equation of Growth and Decay of current


in L-R circuit, Charging & discharging of a condenser through an inductor, Charging &
discharging of a capacitor through L&R.

DIELECTRICS AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS: Polar and Non-polar Materials,


Dielectric Constant and Dielectric Susceptibility of a material, Polarizability and Polarization,
Different types of Polarization, Expression for local field inside a Dielectric, Clausius-
Mossotti Relation, Effect of temperature and frequency on polarization, Dielectric Loss,
Applications of Dielectric materials. Classification of Magnetic Materials-Diamagnetism,
Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism, Hysteresis Loop, Hysteresis Loss, Soft and Hard Magnetic
Materials.

ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY: The Del Operator, Gradient of a Scalar Function,


Divergence of a Vector, Curl of a Vector and their Physical Significance, Ampere's Law,
Poisson's Equation and Laplace's Equation, Continuity Equation, Inconsistency in Ampere's
Law, Displacement Current, Maxwell's Equations (Derivation not required), Physical
Significance of Maxwell's Equations, Differences between Conduction Current and
Displacement Current.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Engineering Physics, Dutta R Joshi, McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited.
2. Applied Physics for Engineers, Neeraj Mehta, PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi.
3. A Textbook of Engineering Physics, Avadhanulu&Kshirsagar, S. Chand & Company Ltd.
4. Theory & Problems of Electromagnetics, J.A. Edminister, SCHAUM'S OUTLINE SERIE
CY102 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY-I
3104
SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY: Structure of crystalline solids, powder X-ray diffraction.
Electronic structure of solids -metallic conduction. Semiconductors - preparation, extrinsic
and intrinsic semiconductors, solid eletrolytes, amorphous solids. Superconductors:
Introduction, types of superconductor, properties, application, preparation and structure of
1:2:3 superconductors.

ELECTROCHEMISTRY: Introduction, Electrode potential, Measurement of electrode


potential, Nernst equation, Electrochemical series, Galvanic cells, Free energy, Entropy and
Enthalpy of cells, Types of electrodes, Commercial cells and batteries, Fuel Cells. Electro-
deposition.

CORROSION SCIENCE: Introduction, consequences of corrosion, types of corrosion,


theories of corrosion, factors affecting rate of corrosion, design and selection of materials -
control and prevention of corrosion, corrosion inhibitors.

BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY: Nucleic acids - DNA and RNA - the


double helix structure, Genetic code, Chemical basis of heredity.
Enzymes - Classification and catalytic behavior, enzyme specificity, factors affecting enzyme
activity, Co-enzymes: Co-enzymes involved in biological oxidation reduction
Scope and importance of biotechnology, bio-reactors, biotechnological processes,
biotechnological applications of enzymes, industrial enzymes, chemical synthesis through
biotechnology - production of ethanol, acetic acid and acetone.

FOOD CHEMISTRY: Chemical constituents of food - carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,


vitamins and minerals, chemical and physical properties of food, food preservation, food
additives and food safety, unintentional additives, food adulteration. Soft drinks and alcoholic
beverages. Analysis of foods and beverages.

POLYMER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: Classification, functionality, determination


of molecular weights, types of polymerization, polymerization techniques, basics of polymer
processing methods, structure-property-application of few commodity polymers (eg. PE, PP,
PS etc.). Biopolymers-properties and their applications, conducting polymers, engineering
plastics.

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY: Introduction, environmental segments, composition


of atmosphere, Earth's radiation balance, particles, ions and radicals in the atmosphere,
causes of pollution, types of pollution, carbon monoxide and its effects, role of ozone in the
atmosphere, global warming. Water pollution: Aquatic environment, classification and
sources of water pollution, water quality parameters and standards, measures to control water
pollution
Green Chemistry for clean technology: Definition and concept of green chemistry, goals of
green chemistry, principles of Green Chemistry and designing a chemical synthesis,
examples of green synthesis/reactions, green chemistry in sustainable development
Chemical toxicology: Toxic chemicals in the environment, impact of toxic chemicals,
biochemical effects of some metals, bio-warfare agents.

IONIC EQUILIBRIUM: Dissociation equilibrium of weak electrolytes, Ostwald's dilution


law, Henderson-Hasselbach equation and calculation of pH values, uses of buffer solution in
chemistry and biology. Measurement of electrical conductivity.
TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry-Cotton et.al. (John Wiley)
2. Inorganic chemistry-Shriver,Atkins,Langford (ELBS)
3. Principles of solid state chemistry-H.V.Keer (New Age International)
4. A textbook of physical chemistry-Negi and Anand (New Age International)
5. Outlines of biochemistry-Cohn and Stumpf
6. Polymer science-Gowarikar (New Age International)
7. Introduction to polymers-RJ Young
8. Environmental chemistry-A.K.De
9. Environmental chemistry-C.Baird ,W.H.Freeman
10. The elements of physical chemistry-P.W.Atkins(Oxford University press)

MA 103 MATHEMATICS -1
3104

DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS: Successive derivatives, Leibnitz's theorem, Expansion of


functions (Taylor's and Maclaurin's series with Lagrange's form of remainder for a function
of one variable).Angle of intersection of two curves in Cartesian and polar co-ordinates,
Length of tangent, normal, sub-tangent and sub-normal, Derivative of arc length. Curvature,
radius of curvature for Cartesian, polar and parametric equations, circle of curvature, centre
of curvature. Asymptotes: Definition, asymptotes parallel to axes, oblique asymptotes for
Cartesian equation. Partial differentiation: Introduction, partial derivatives of 1st & higher
orders. Homogeneous function, Euler's theorem on homogeneous function, derivatives of
composite functions, total derivatives, Jacobians, Maxima & Minima, Lagrange's method of
undetermined multipliers.

INTEGRAL CALCULUS: Reduction formulae for indefinite integrals involving power of


circular functions of x and product of sinmxcosnx.
Deduction of
𝜋 𝜋 𝜋 𝜋 𝜋
2 2 2 2 2
𝑆𝑖𝑛𝑛 𝑥𝑑𝑥, 𝐶𝑜𝑠 𝑛 𝑥𝑑𝑥, 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑛 𝑥𝑑𝑥, 𝑆𝑒𝑐 𝑛 𝑥𝑑𝑥, 𝑆𝑖𝑛𝑚 𝑥𝐶𝑜𝑠 𝑛 𝑥𝑑𝑥
0 0 0 0 0
Concept of curve tracing of some important curves.
Length of plane curves(Cartesian and polar), Area under plane curves (Cartesian and Polar),
volume and surface area of solids of revolution of plane curves. Multiple integrals:
Evaluation of double and triple integrals, change of order of integrations, change of variables,
area and volume by double and triple integrals, Beta and Gamma functions.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Differential Calculus: B.C. Das &Mukherjee : U. N. Dhur& Sons Pvt Ltd
2. Integral Calculus: B.C. Das &Mukherjee : U. N. Dhur& Sons Pvt Ltd.
3. A text book of Engineering Mathematics : N.P. Bali and Manish Goyal :Laxmi
Publications(P) Ltd.
4. Advance Engineering Mathematics: E. Kreyszig : Willey Eastern Ltd.
5. Higher Engineering Mathematics : B.S. Grewal : Khanna Publishers
CE104 MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
3104

SIMPLE STRESS AND STRAIN: Simple stress and strain: Tensile, compressive and shear
stress, Hook's law. Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, elastic constants and their relationship.
Hook's law; Stress-strain diagrams for brittle and ductile materials

GENERALIZED STRESS AND STRAIN :Analysis of plane stress and plane strain,
Mohr's circle of stress and strain.

BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE: Introduction to bending moment and shear
force. Analysis of simply supported and cantilever beam with point load and distributed
loads.

BENDING STRESS IN BEAM: Theory of Simple Bending - Bending stresses in beams.

SHEAR STRESS IN BEAM: Flexural shear stress distribution in various shapes of cross
section of beams.

COLUMNS: Empirical formula, Rankine's formula, slenderness ratio, Concentric and


eccentricload. Columns with initial curvature. Equivalent eccentricity. Beam column.

THIN CYLINDERS AND SHELLS: Hoop stress, Thin Cylinders and Shells under internal
fluid pressure - Riveted joint Connection - Wire wound thin cylinders.

TORSION OF CIRCULAR SHAFTS: Theory of Pure Torsion in Solid and Hollow


circular shafts - Torsional Shear Stresses - transmission of Power-Strength of shaft or
torsional rigidity.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. R. Subramanian- Strength of Materials, Oxford
2. Debabrata Nag and Abhijit Chanda, Strength of materials, Wiley-India Publishers,2012.
3. S Ramamrutham, Strength of materials,Dhanpat Rai Publishing Company.
4. Timoshenko and Gere, Mechanics of Materials, CBS Publishers, New Delhi, 1996.
5. S.B.Junarkar and H.J.Shah, Mechanics of Structures, Charotar Publishers, Anand, 1998.
6. Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, McGraw Hill International Edition, 1995.
7. E.P.Popov, Engineering Mechanics of Solids, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1998.

HU105 TECHNICAL REPORT WRITING


2002

TECHNICAL REPORT WRITING: Introduction, importance, characteristics, audience


recognition. Forms, contents, purpose, kinds of Technical Reports. Structure of Technical
Reports -Appropriateness, acceptability, conciseness and flow.

PLANNING: Arrangement, scheduling, drafting and collection, compilation of Graphic


Materials in Technical Reports.

MECHANICS OF LANGUAGE: Impersonal and formal language, bias free and plain
writing. Style -Adaptibility,clarity, economy, sentence variety and presentation.
TECHNIQUES FOR GOOD TECHNICAL WRITING: Overcoming writer's
block,adding emphasis in writing,accuentuating the positives,prioritizing for effective
writing, avoiding plagiarism and referencing.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. M. Raman & S. Sharma.TechnicalCommunication.New Delhi Oxford University Press,
2011.
2. Alex, K. Technical communication & Soft skills. New Delhi: S. Chand Publications,
2012.

CS106 COMPUTER PROGRAMMING


2022

INTRODUCTION: Concept of operating system, Open source software (OSS), number


system, brief description about the recent processors, GPU, DSP (Digital Signal Processor),
Memory, primary memory, secondary memory, tertiary memory, Cache memory, Flash
memory etc. , Networking and networking devices, Introduction to cloud computing, future
computing devices, present and future smart phones. 4

PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: Programming


style, brief discussion on different types of programming languages, definition of algorithm,
use of Flowcharts, symbols and their uses.2

INTRODUCTION TO C PROGRAMMING: Background, characteristics of C, structure


of a C program, source code file, header files, object files etc. Comments, keywords,
Identifier, data types, variables, constants, operators in C, type conversion and typecasting.
3

CONDITIONAL CONTROL AND LOOPING STATEMENTS: if, if-else, if-else-if,


nested if, switch-case etc. for, while, do-while, nested loops, break statement, continue
statement etc. 4

ARRAYS AND STRINGS: Declaration of arrays, accessing elements of the array,


calculating the address of array elements, Initialization of arrays, inputting values, assigning
values, size of operator to calculate the length of array, operations on array: traversal,
insertion, deletion, merging, searching array elements, multi-dimensional arrays,
Strings: Calculate Length, lowercase to uppercase and vice-versa, concatenate, compare,
copy, reverse, extracting substring.4

FUNCTIONS: Type of functions, function definition, function prototype, return type,


declaration, function calling. Formal argument & actual argument. Parameter passing call by
value and call by reference, User Define Function & Library function. 5

STRUCTURE, UNION AND ENUMERATED DATA TYPES:


Structure: Structure declaration, type def declaration, initialization of structures, accessing
members of a structure, copying and comparing structures, nested structures, array of
structures, structures and functions.
Union: Declaration of union, accessing members of union, initializing union. Enumerated
Data Types: enum variables.3
INTRODUCTION TO OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING (OOP): Features of
Object Oriented Programming. Class and Inheritance mechanism in OOP. Basic
programming using class and Inheritance.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Programming in C (Tata McGraw Hill) — Byron Gottfried
2. A First Course in Programming with C - T Jeyapoovan ,Vikas publication house
3. Programming in C (Tata McGraw Hill) — E Balaguruswamy.
4. Computer Fundamentals and Programming in C –ReemaThareja, Oxford University
Press.
5. Let Us C - Y Kanetkar, BPB publication.
6. Object Oriented Programming with C++ - SouravSahay, Oxford University Press

CE107 ENGINEERING GRAPHICS-1


1604

INTRODUCTION: Introduction to Engineering Graphics, general instruction regarding


instruments, lines, dimensions and lettering.

SCALES: Representative fraction, types of scales-plain, diagonal, comparative, vernier and


scale of chords.

ENGINEERING CURVES: Construction of ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, cycloid, trochoid


and involute. Drawing of tangent and normal to the above curves.

PROJECTIONS: Concept of projection, types of projection, orthographic projection, IS


specifications, projection of points in different quadrants.

PROJECTION OF LINE: Parallel to both planes, parallel to one plane and perpendicular to
other, parallel to one plane and inclined to other, inclined to both planes, traces of a line, true
length of a line and its inclination to reference planes.

PROJECTION OF A PLANE: parallel to one plane and perpendicular to other, parallel to


one plane and inclined to other, oblique plane, traces of a plane.

PROJECTION OF SOLIDS: Simple solids in different positions, axis perpendicular to a


plane, axis parallel to both planes, axis parallel to one plane and inclined to the other, axis
inclined to both planes.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Elementary Engineering Drawing; N D Bhatt, Pradeep Publications
2. Engineering Drawing; M B Shah, B C Rana, Pearson Education
3. Engineering Drawing and Graphics; K. Venugopal, New Age International (P)
Limited,Publishers
SEMESTER II

PH201 ENGINEERING PHYSICS –II


3134

X-RAY AND NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING: Excitation and Ionization Potential,


Properties of X-rays, Hard X-rays and Soft X-rays, Continuous and Characteristic X-rays
Spectrum, Origin of X-rays, Difference between X-ray spectra and Optical spectra, Moseley's
Law, Non-Destructive Testing (continuous wave method & pulse method), X-ray
Radiography.

ACOUSTICS AND ULTRASONICS: Weber Fechner law, Units of Loudness- Decibel,


Phone, Sone, Absorption coefficient, Reverberation & Reverberation time, Sabine's formula
for reverberation time (Derivation not required), Factors affecting acoustics of buildings and
their remedies, Design of a Good Acoustical Building, Properties of ultrasonic waves,
Ultrasonic production (Magnetostriction and Piezoelectric method), Applications of
Ultrasonics.

LASER AND FIBRE OPTICS: Induced absorption, Spontaneous and Stimulated emission,
Einstein's coefficients (A & B), Population Inversion, Pumping, Principle of Laser,
Characteristics of a laser beam, Ruby and Semiconductor Laser, Application of Lasers.
Optical fibre- Principles and Structure, Propagation of light in optical fibres, Numerical
aperture and acceptance angle, Classification of optical fibres- Single and Multimode, Step
Index and Graded Index fibres, Losses in fibres, Optical fibre communication system (Block
diagram only).

QUANTUM MECHANICS: De-Broglie Hypothesis (concept of group velocity and phase


velocity), Expression for de-Broglie wavelength in terms of group velocity and phase
velocity, Properties of Matter Waves, Davisson and Germer Experiment, Heisenberg's
Uncertainty Principle, Elementary Proof of Uncertainty Principle using De Broglie wave
concept, Applications of Uncertainty Principle.

SOLID STATE ELECTRONICS AND PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY: P-N Junction Diode,


Biasing of P-N Junction Diode & its l-V Characteristics, Breakdown of a P-N Junction Diode
(Avalanche and Zener breakdown), Zener Diode, LED, Photoconducting Materials,
Photovoltaic & Photovoltaic Cell, Solar Cell.

SUPERCONDUCTIVITY: Physical Properties of Conventional Superconductors (Meissner


Effect, Critical Magnetic Field, Isotope Effect, Persistent Current, Magnetic Levitation),
Type-I and Type-ll Superconductors and their comparison, BCS theory of Superconductivity
(Qualitative only), SQUID.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Engineering Physics, Dutta R Joshi, McGravv Hill Education (India) Private Limited.
2. Textbook of Engineering Physics, S.O. Pillai&Sivakarni, New Age International
Publishers.
3. Applied Physics for Engineers, Neeraj Mehta, PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi.
4. Engineering Physics, ChaturvediPandey, Cengage India
CY202 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY-II
3104

INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF CHEMICAL ANALYSIS: Data analysis: Types of


errors, accuracy and precision, statistical tests of data-the F test and the T test, propagation of
errors, significant figures. Spectroscopy: Principles of spectroscopy, the electromagnetic
spectrum, absorption and emission of radiation, Spectral width and intensity. Electronic (UV-
Vis) Spectroscopy: The Beer-Lambert law of absorption, types of electronic transitions -
n→π*, π→π*, d-d, and charge-transfer, selection rules for electronic transitions, applications
of electronic spectroscopy. Infrared Spectroscopy: Molecular vibrations, vibrational
spectrum, applications NMR Spectroscopy: Basics and applications, brief introduction to
MRI. Flame photometry: Theoretical principles, emission spectra, instrumentation,
experimental procedure, applications. Atomic absorption spectroscopy: Introduction,
principles, applications. Electrochemical methods of analysis: Cyclic voltammetry
Chromatography: Introduction to different types of chromatographic techniques Introduction
to Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)

NANOCHEMISTRY: Definition of nanomaterials and nanotechnology, Nanostructures in


nature, Quantum structures, Quantum confinement, Surface effects of nanomaterials,
Properties and Synthesis of nanomaterials(brief ideas only), Nanocomposites, Applications of
nonomaterials

CATALYSIS AND CATALYTIC MATERIALS: Homogenous and heterogeneous


catalysis, supported and unsupported metal catalysts, applications of zeolites and clays as
heterogeneous catalysts, manufacture and transformation of hydrocarbons- hydrogenation
and isomerization of olefins, oxidation ofolefins by Wacker process, catalyst for control of
pollution from automobile exhaust, nano catalyst.
Co-ordination compounds, their role in catalysis and other applications.

NON-CONVENTIONAL SOURCES OF ENERGY: Biofuels: Alcohol, hydrogen


production technology, biofuels from Jatropha, Green Energy : Sources, efficiency and
sustainability, energy from biomass and solid waste. Renewable energy sources: solar,
hydropower, wind energy.

COSMETICS AND TEXTILE CHEMISTRY: Cosmetics: Introduction, types, chemical


composition, merits and demerits, applications. Textile chemistry: Natural and added
impurities in textiles, Natural impurities in cotton, wood and silk. Chemistry of sizing agents,
Mercerization and optical whitening of cotton. Chemistry and application of optical
whitening agents

MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY: Definition of drug. Factors affecting their bioactivity.


Theoretical aspects of drug receptor interaction, QSAR, Lead compounds, Elementary idea of
molecular modelling of drugs. Sulpha-drugs: Historical significance of sulpha-drugs,
Introduction to sulphaniiamide and other important sulpha-drugs. Mode of action of sulpha-
drugs. Drugs for the treatment of cancer and AIDS

ADVANCED MATERIALS CHEMISTRY: Brief introduction to Optical fibres ,LCD,


LED.

INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY: Brief introduction to cement, ceramics, refractories,


lubricants, soap and detergents, fats and oils, dyes and pigments, adhesives, etc.
TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Principles of Instrumental Analysis-D.A.Skoog and J.L.Loary, W.B.Saunders
2. Inorganic chemistry-Shriver,Atkins,Langford (ELBS)
3. Medicinal Chemistry-A.Kar(New Age International)
4. Nanomaterials-B.Viswanathan(Narosa Publishing House)
5. Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy-Banwell&McCrash (Tata McGrow Hill)
6. Medicinal Chemistry-An introduction-Gareth Thomas(John Wiley & Sons)
7. Homogenous catalysis-Parshall and Ittel(Wiley)
8. Heterogenous catalysis-principles and applications- G.C.Bond
9. Catalysis-Science and Technology-J.R.anderson and M.Boudart
10. Food Chemistry-Chopra and Panesar(Narosa Publishing House)
11. Cosmetic Chemistry I by Dr. Kulkarni (Denett Publications)
12. Cosmetic Science and Technology Vol. I, II, III by Sagarin

MA203 MATHEMATICS– II
3104

LINEAR ALGEBRA: Some special types of matrices such as symmetric and skew-
symmetric, hermitian and skew-hermitian, orthogonal, unitary and their properties, triangular
and echelon form, pivot elements; inverse of a matrix, elementary operations and elementary
matrices, equivalent matrices, computation of inverse by elementary transformations,
reduction of matrices to triangular form and normal form; rank of a matrix, evaluation of
rank; vector spaces and sub-spaces, linear dependence and independence, basis and
dimension; orthogonality: inner product of vectors, orthogonal vectors, orthogonal matrices;
solution of a system of homogeneous and non-homogeneous linear equations, consistency of
a system of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors of a matrix and their properties,
Cayley-Hamilton's theorem, reduction of a matrix to diagonal form, necessary and sufficient
condition for diagonalization.

VECTOR ALGEBRA & VECTOR CALCULUS: Vector triple products & applications,
Differentiation of vector functions, scalar and vector fields, gradient of a scalar function,
directional derivatives, divergence and curl of a vector point function, properties of gradient,
divergence and curl; repeated operations, integrations of vector functions, line, surface and
volume integrals, theorems of Gauss, Stokes and Greens.

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Solution of ordinary first order and first degree


differential equation of the following forms: linear, reducible to linear, exact, reducible to
exact, ODEs of first order but not of first degree, higher order linear equations with constant
coefficients, Cauchy's homogeneous linear equations, simultaneous linear equations with
constant co-efficients.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. A Text book of Engineering Mathematics: Bali&Goyal: Laxmi publication.
2. Higher Engineering Mathematics: B. S. Grewal: Khanna publication.
3. Differential Equations:H.T.H. Piagio: CBS publishers & Distributors.
4. Vector Calculus: M.D.Raisinghania: S. Chand & co.
5. Theory and problems of Linear Algebra: S. Lipschutz: McGraw-Hill.
ME204 ENGINEERING MECHANICS I
3134

EQUILIBRIUM OF RICH) BODIES: Introduction, Free Body Diagram (FBD), Types of


supports and their reactions System of forces, Resultant of coplanar concurrent and non-
concurrent force systems, Conditions of equilibrium (i) concurrent forces in space (ii)
non-concurrent forces in space

ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES: Method of joint, method of section, graphical methods

FRICTION: Introduction, laws of Coulombs friction, equilibrium of bodies involving dry


friction, inclined plane, ladder friction, wedge friction

CENTRE OF GRAVITYAND MOMENT OF INERTIA:(i) Centre of gravity and


centroid, location of centroid and centre of gravity (ii) Moment of inertia of plane area,
Parallel axis theorem, perpendicular axis theorem, mass moment of inertia, polar moment of
inertia

LIFTING MACHINES: Introduction, reversibility of machine, lever, pulley, simple wheel


and axle

VIRTUAL WORK: Introduction, virtual displacement, principle of virtual work, application


of virtual work

RECTILINEAR AND CURVILINEAR MOTION: Kinematics and kinetics of rectilinear


motion. Newton's 2nd law of motion, D'Alembert’s principles

SUM AND VIBRATIONS: Introduction, graphical representation of SUM, system


executing SHM, simple, compound, torsional pendulum, vibration of structures

IMPULSE, MOMENTUM, WORK AND ENERGY: Linear impulse and Momentum,


Principle of work-energy conversion

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Engineering Mechanics by S Timoshenko & D H Young. McGraw Hill Int
2. Engineering Mechanics by R K Bansal. Laxmi Publication (P) Ltd
3. Engineering Mechanics by K L Kumar. McGroe Hill Publishing Co
4. Engineering Mechanics by Hibbler
5. Engineering mechanics by D P S harm a, Pearson
6. Engineering mechanics statics and dynamics by A Nelson McGraw Hill
7. Engineering mechanics by S. S. Bhavikatti, New Age International, Publishers

EE 205 BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND ELECTRONICS


3124

DC NETWORKS: Definitions of active, passive, linear, nonlinear circuit elements and


networks. Kirchoff’s law, nodal & mesh analysis, voltage and current sources, network
theorems- superposition, Thevenin's, Norton's and maximum power transfer theorem.
Network analysis with and without dependent source.
MAGNETIC CIRCUITS: Definitions of MMF, flux, flux density and reluctance,
Comparison between Electric and magnetic circuits, series, parallel and series parallel circuits
and their solutions, energy stored in a magnetic circuits, lifting magnets, electromagnetic
induction, self and mutual inductance, hysteresis and eddy current losses.

SINGLE PHASE AC CIRCUITS: Waveforms of alternating voltages and currents,


instantaneous average and RMS values, form factor and peak factor, forms of representation
of alternating quantities, concept of phasor and phasor diagrams, Concept of lead and lag,
reactances and impedances, AC circuits-resistive, inductive, capacitive, RL, RC and RLC
series , parallel and series parallel combination, impedance triangle, admittance, active and
reactive power and power factor.

3 PHASE AC CIRCUITS: Concepts of 3 phase AC, connections, phase and line values in
star and delta connections, solutions of simple 3 phase balanced circuits with resistive and
reactive loads, 3 phase power, and phase sequence.

INSTRUMENTS: Classification of instruments, essentials of indicating type instruments-


deflecting torque, controlling torque, damping , types of indicating instruments, MC and MI
type ammeters and voltmeters, extension of range- use of shunt and multiplier, errors 8B
compensation.

BASICS OF ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS: Domestic wiring, types of cables (names


only), types of wiring e.g. Cleat, CTS, Conduit, metal sheathed, casing and capping; circuit
layouts- single phase AC mains to DB; 3 phase connections; accessories- main switch, ceiling
rose, fuse, MCB etc. Testing of a wiring installation, Megger, Earthing- purpose and
methods; lamps- filament, fluorescent tube & its connection & operation, Indian electricity
rules regarding electrical installation.

ELECTRONICS:P-N junction diode, VI characteristics under forward 8& reverse biased


condition, avalanche breakdown, diode as a rectifier- half wave and full wave rectifier
circuits, ripples in output waveforms, ripple factor, introduction to filters, Zener diode and its
application as a voltage regulator.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Basic Electrical Engineering— Nagrath.
2. Basic Electrical Engineering—Mittle.
3. B.E.E. Science—Sahadev& Rana.
4. Electro-Technology—H. Cotton.
5. A text book of Electro technology- B.L.Theraja.

HU 206 SOCIOLOGY
2002

INTRODUCTORY: Meaning and definition of sociology, nature and scope of sociology,


importance of the study of sociology.

THE SOCIETY: Man and society, community and society, association and society,
institution and society, elements of socialization, concept of interest and attitudes, social
environment.
THE SOCIAL GROUP: The origin of family, forms of family, the modern family, meaning
of social stratification, difference between caste and class, merit and demerit of caste system,
modern trends of caste system in India, social mobility, meaning of role and status.

SOCIAL CONTROL: Meaning of norms and values, importance of norms and values,
meaning of folkways and mores, custom and habit, crisis in Indian education.

SOCIAL CHANGE: Meaning of social change, factors of social change, culture and
civilization, subculture, cultural diffusion, new information technology and culture, causes of
social disorganization.

INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES: Meaning of industrial disputes, causes of industrial disputes,


methods of settlement of industrial disputes, definition of trade union, functions of trade
union, problems of trade union in India, Indian factories Act, 1948, payment of wages Act,
1923, workman compensation Act, 1923.

HUMAN RESOURCES: Meaning of human resources, significance of human resources,


shortcomings of human resources, composition of human investment, meaning of man power
planning, its characteristics, types of manpower planning, advantages of man power planning,
concept of industrial productivity, factors affecting productivity, meaning of workers
participation in management, pre-conditions and objectives of workers participation in
management, unilateral and cooperative participation.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Sociology by C. N. Sankaraao
2. Principles of sociology by R.N. Sarma
3. Sociology by John J. Macionis
4. Labour Problems and Social Welfare by R. C. Saxena
5. Labour Problems and Social welfare by U. C. Kulshrestha

ME207 ENGINEERING GRAPHICS II


3104

PRINCIPLES OF GRAPHICS: Review of scales, lines. Dimensioning, placing of


dimensions, arrangement of dimensions, common features of dimensions, conventional
representations of different materials.

ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION: Methods of projection. First and third angle


projection. Disadvantage of 2nd and 4thangle projections, symbols, conversion of pictorial
views into orthographic view.

SECTIONAL VIEWS: Full and half sections

DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES: Introduction, methods of development, development


of surfaces of prism, cylinder, cones

ISOMETRIC PROJECTIONS: Introduction, Isometric axes and scales, isometric


projection of plane figures, cube. Prism, pyramids, cylinder, cone, sphere
PERSPECTIVE PROJECTION: Introduction, application of perspective projection, types,
terminology, methods of drawing perspective views

NOMOGRAPHY: Introduction, types of nomographs, construction of nomographs

COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING: Introduction to autocad

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Engineering Drawing by N. D Bhatt and V M Panchal. Charolai Publishing Ltd
2. Engineering Drawing by BasantAgarwai& C M Agrawal, The McGraw
HillCompanies
3. Engineering drawing and graphics + Aulocad by K Venugopal New Age
internationalPublishers
SEMESTER III

MA301 MATHEMATICS III


3104

CALCULUS OF COMPLEX VARIABLES: Analytic functions, C-R equations, Conjugate


functions, Harmonic functions, Orthogonal systems, Formation of analytic functions,
Conformal mapping, complex integration, simply and multiply connected regions, Cauchy’s
integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula. Power series representation of complex
functions: Taylor’s series, Laurent’s series, singularities, Residue theorem, Calculation of
Residues.

LAPLACE TRANSFORMS: Laplace transforms of some elementary functions, shifting


theorems, change of scale property, Linearity, Inverse Laplace transforms, Laplace
transforms of derivatives and integrals, Convolution theorem, Laplace transform of unit step
function, Application to Differential equations.

FOURIER SERIES: Fourier series expansion of f(x) in c<x<c+2, Dirichlet’s conditions,


fourier series for discontinuous functions, change of intervals, half range series.

PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS: Curve fitting, correlation and Regression Analysis:


Bivariate distribution, Scatter diagram, fitting of straight lines by the method of least squares,
Karl Pearsons co-efficient of correlation and co-efficient of linear regression and their
properties, Lines of Regression. Probability Distribution: Random experiment, Sample space,
Laws of Probability, Baye’s theorem, Random variable, Discrete & Continuous probability
distribution, Mathematical expectation, probability density function, Mean and variance of
probability distribution(discrete & continuous). Theoretical distribution: Binomial, Poisson &
normal distribution. Joint probability distribution & Markov chains: Joint probability
distribution, Marginal distribution, conditional probability distribution, statistical
independence, covariance, correlation coefficient, stochastic process or random process,
Marcov chain, Transition matrix, probability vector, stochastic matrix.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. A text book of Engineering Mathematics : Bali and Goyal:Laxmi Publications(P) Ltd.
2. Higher Engineering Mathematics : B.S. Grewal: Khanna Publishers
3. Lapalce and Fourier Transforms: M.D.Raisinghania: S.Chand& Company Ltd.
4. Schaum’s outline series: Theory & Problems of statistics, M R Spiegel, McGraw Hill
5. Stochastic Process: Dr. J. Medhi 6. Hihger engineering mathematics: B. V. Ramanna,
Tata McGraw Hill

EE341 NETWORK ANALYSIS


3104

ELEMENTS OF ELECTRIC CIRCUITS: The resistor: Practical engineering devices.


Solid & wire frame of common resistive materials, carbon film and metal film resistors. Heat
dissipating area (wattage), tolerance and temperature stability of resistors. Mathematical
models, the capacitor: Comparison of properties of different traditional & modern dielectric
materials (e.g. paper, ceramic, polystyrene, polycarbonates etc.) Short description of
electrolytic capacitor- wet & solid dielectrics, solid tantalum & aluminum capacitors,
Mathematical models, the inductors: Mutual inductance, Properties of core materials. Brief
studies of iron & ferrite cores, Mathematical models (only assignments).
NETWORK THEOREMS: Millman’s theorem, Reciprocity theorem, Compensation
&Tellegen’s theorem, Millers theorem etc. Analysis of coupled circuits. The dot rule &
equivalent conductivity coupled forms of magnetically coupled circuits.

METHODS FOR THE SOLUTION OF CIRCUIT EQUATIONS: Analysis of electrical


network with – independent/dependent ideal, practical voltage and current sources – both of
DC and AC. Solution of network equations by matrix methods.

NETWORK TOPOLOGY: Elementary graph theory as applied to electrical networks.


Matrices of graph: Incidence matrix, circuit matrix, cut set matrix etc, Advanced techniques
of equation formulation for numerical solutions.

TRANSIENT PHENOMENON: Forcing functions-impulse, step and ramp functions, Study


and solution of simple circuits undergoing transient disturbances, A.C. transients, Time
domain equations and solutions by Lap lace transforms.

TWO PORT NETWORK: General principles, ABCD, Z, Y and hybrid parameters,


Analysis of networks in tandem. Transmission lines. Lumped and distributed models.
Combination/ Interconnection of two ports network.

INTRODUCTION TO NETWORK SYNTHESIS: Realizability of networks, Positive


Real Function (PRF) and its properties, Hurwitz Polynomial, Routh Hurwitz Array,
Properties of various immitance functions ( LC, RC, RL ),Foster and Caur forms of
realization of networks for given driving point impedance/ admittance functions

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. A user’s guide to selecting Electronic components---Gerald L. Sinsoutg (John Wiley)
2. Engineering Circuit analysis---- W. H. Hayt Jr. & J.E. Kemmerly (Mcgraw hill)
3. Electric Circuit----J.A. Edminiter. (Mcgraw hill)
4. Computer aided Network Design—Donald A. Calahan (Tata Mcgraw hill)
5. A course in Electric Circuit Analysis—Soni& Gupta

EE342 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING MATERIAL & DEVICES


3104

STRUCTURE OF SOLIDS: Crystalline state of solids, systems & classes, unit cell and
space lattice, BCC, DC structure, Bragg’s law, Miller indices, Crystal imperfections, grain
boundaries.

DIELECTRICS:(I) Properties of static field. Static dielectric constant, polarization,


dielectric constant of mono atomic gases & poly atomic molecules, internal fields in solids
& liquids, ferroelectric materials, spontaneous polarization, piezo electricity.(II) Properties in
alternating fields: Frequency dependence of electronic, ionic polarizability, complex
dielectric constant, dielectric loss, dipolar relaxation, breakdown in dielectrics. General
properties of common dielectrics (Electrical, mechanical chemical and thermal). Gaseous
dielectrics, liquid insulating materials, solid insulating materials, films.

MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS: Magnetization, origin of permanent


magnetic dipole moment, classification of Magnetic of materials, dia, para, ferro, antiferro&
ferromagnetism, magnetic anisotropy, magnetostriction, soft & hard magnetic materials for
electrical applications.

CONDUCTORS: Electron gas model of a metal, Relaxation time, collision time, mean free
path, electron scattering & resistivity, heating effect of current, thermal conductivity,
superconductivity, electrical conducting materials (Cu, Al) & their application. Mechanical
properties like corrosion, solid curability, contact resistance.

SEMICONDUCTORS AND DEVICES: Intrinsic carrier concentration, Effect of doping on


carrier concentration. Holes and electrons, Majority and Minority carriers, Mobility and
diffusion constants. Passage of current through semi-conducting material – drift and diffusion
process. Recombination and carrier life time. Effect of temperature. Density of carriers in
intrinsic semiconductor & in n-type & p-type semiconductor, conductivity, Hall effect, drift
& diffusion current, Einstein relation.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Electrical Engineering Material---Dekker A.J. (PHI)
2. A course in Electrical Engineering Material—Seth & Gupta
3. Electrical Engineering Material---Rajput A.K.
4. Electrical Engineering Material---C.S. Indulkar& S. Thiruvengadam.

EE343 ANALOG ELECTRONICS-I


3134

THE P-N JUNCTION DIODE: Shockley’s equation and volt-amp characteristics of P-N
junction. Static and Dynamic resistance of diode. Transition Capacitance and Diffusion
Capacitance. Effect of temperature. Various practical applications of diodes. Design of
Rectifier and Filter Circuits. Special purpose diodes.

THE BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTOR: Transistor Action. Transistor Current


equations; α and β of a transistor. Transistor Configurations and Transistor Characteristic
curves. Base width modulation and early voltage. Ebers-Moll equations and Ebers-Moll
model. Concept of amplification. Transistor biasing circuits, Bias stability and Stability
factor. Thermal Run-Away. BJT as a switch. Incremental small signal models of BJT; h-
parameter model, Determination of h-parameters and Conversion Formulae of h-parameters;
π-model and r-parameter model. Analysis of amplifiers with the help of incremental models.
Comparison of performance of CE, CB & CC configurations. Designing of a single stage BJT
amplifier. Darlington amplifier, Cascode amplifier and Difference amplifier. Some ideas
about high speed analysis such as Miller effect and dominant pole approximation.Multi-Stage
Amplifiers; PNP and NPN combinations. Gain calculation in dB. Methods of coupling
between stages. Frequency response of amplifiers and Band-Width.

FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS: Principle and construction of JFET. Characteristic


curves of JFET. JFET Biasing circuits. Small signal model of JFET. Analysis of JFET
amplifiers. Designing of JFET amplifier. MOS-FET. E-MOSFET and D-MOSFET.
MOSFET amplifiers. MOSFET switch.

FEEDBACK IN AMPLIFIERS AND OSCILLATORS: Negative and Positive feedback.


Different feedback configurations. Advantages of negative feedback. Applications of positive
feedback and Barkhausen Criteria for oscillations. RC oscillators LC oscillators and Crystal
oscillators; their conditions of oscillation and frequency of oscillation. Designing of
oscillators.

POWER AMPLIFIERS: Classification of power amplifiers as Class-A, Class-B, Class-C


and Class-AB. R-C coupled and transformer coupled class-A power amplifier. Efficiency of
Class-A power amplifier. Non-linear distortion and second harmonic distortion. Class-B
Push-pull power amplifier. Class-AB amplifier. Class-C amplifier. Designing of Power
Amplifier.

FABRICATION TECHNIQUES OF IC: Introduction to device fabrication methods and


fabrication of I.C.s. Simple descriptions of processes such as ion diffusion, photolithography,
ion implantation, metallization and crystal growing techniques.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Integrated Electronics :: Millman- Halkias (PHI)
2. Electronic Devices and Circuits :: David A Bell (Oxford)
3. Electronic Devices and Circuits :: Boylestead&Nashelsky (PHI)
4. Electronic Principles Physics, Models and Circuits :: Paul E. Gray and Campbell L Searle
5. Electronics Principles :: Malvino (TMH)

ME302 ENGINEERING MECHANICS- II


3134

KINEMATICS: Link, pair, chain mechanism and inversions. Simple mechanism


(description only), Crank slider, four bar, st. line, steering. Simple velocity and acceleration
diagrams.

MACHINE ELEMENTS: a) Governor: functions, type expressions for height of watt and
porter governors. b) Flywheel: Fluctuations of energy, Co-efficient of fluctuation of energy
and speed, function of flywheel .c) Brake and Clutch: Working principles only. Simple
problems illustrating use of above.

BALANCING: Simple problems of rotary, primary unbalance, graphical solution.

TRANSMISSION OF ROTARY DRIVES: a) Belt and Rope Drive: Relations for torque,
maximum power transmission, length of open cross belting slip, crowing of pulley. b) Gear
train: Nomenclature, types- simple, compound, epicyclic gear train including reverted gear
train. Simple description of automobile gear train.

Laboratory: Six experiments covering the syllabus.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Theory of Mechanics by J. Lal, Metropolitian Books Ltd.
2. Theory of Mechanics and Mechanisms(3rd edition) by J.J. Uicker, Jr; G.R. Pencock& J.E.
Shigley, Oxford university Press.
3. Theory of Mechanics by V.P. Singh,
4. Theory of Mechanics by A. Shariff
ME305 BASIC THERMODYNAMICS
3104

SYSTEM AND CONTINUUM: Intensive and Extensive properties- Thermodynamic state,


pressure, energy, work and heat-process and cycle- Macroscopic and Microscopic points of
view – Kinetic theory of gases.

LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS: Zeroth law- Concept of equilibrium- Principles of


thermometer – Fixed points. First law of thermodynamics and its application to open and
closed systems – Concept of internal energy- Steady flow of energy equation – Processes of
closed systems. Second law of thermodynamics – Various statements - Carnot cycle –
Reversible and Irreversible processes- Thermodynamic efficiency and temperature scales-
concepts of entropy – Entropy changes in various processes.

PROPERTIES OF STEAM: Latent heat – Saturation Pressure and temperature – Dryness


fraction – Degree of superheat – Total heat; Rankine cycles.

AIR STANDARD CYCLES: Otto, Diesel – Principles of working and description of two
and four stroke SI and CI engines – Representations of processes on T-S and p-v diagrams.

FUELS AND COMBUSTIONS: Classification of fuels; HCV, LCV, Bomb Calorimeter,


Boy’s gas calorimeter; Combustion of fuels; Minimum air required (by weight and by
volume); Conversion of volumetric analysis into weight analysis and vice verse; excess air
and Orsat apparatus.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Engineering Thermodynamics by P.K. Nag, Tata McGraw Hill Publiction
2. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics by Cengelnad Boles, Tata McGraw Hill Publiction
3. Fundamentals of engineering Thermodynamics by E. Rathakrishnan, PHI
SEMESTER IV

MA401 ADVANCED MATHEMATICS& NUMERICAL ANALYSIS


3104

SERIESSOLUTIONOFDIFFERENTIALEQUATIONS:SeriessolutionbythemethodofFro
benius,Validityofseriessolution,Ordinaryandsingularpoints,Seriessolutionofadifferentialequat
ionwhenx=0isanordinarypointorasingularpoint,SolutionofBessel’sequation,Recurrenceformul
aeforBessel’sfunctionsJn(x), Expansions for J0 and J1 ,Value of J1/2 and J-1/2, Generating
function for Jn(x), Orthogonality of Bessel’s functions, Integral form of Bessel’s function,
Legendre’s equation, Rodrigue’s formula, Legendre polynomials Pn(x), Generating function
for Pn(x), Recurrence formulae for Pn(x).

PARTIALDIFFERENTIALEQUATIONS:
Formationofpartialdifferentialequations,equationsolvablebydirectintegration,Lagrange’slineare
quations,non-linearequationsoffirstorder,Charpit’smethod. Solution of heat equations, wave
equations and Laplace equations by the method of separation of variables.

NUMERICAL ANALYSIS: Concept of significant digits & rounding of numbers; error


analysis: absolute, relative & percentage error, error in series approximation. Solution of non-
linear equations (Newton-Raphson method, Bisection method, Regula-falsi method), Solution
of linear algebraic equations: Gauss elimination method, Gauss-siedel method. Solution of
ordinary differential equations: Taylor’s series method, Runge-Kutta method. Interpolations
and approximation operators:∆,E,∂. Forward, backward & central interpolation. Newton’s,
Langrange’s & Stirling’s interpolation formulae, Numerical Integration: Gaussian quadrature,
Trapezoidal Rule and Simpson’s Rule.

OPTIMIZATION METHODS: Optimization by calculus: unconstrained function of a signal


variable, unconstrained function of multiple variables, Functions with equality constraints,
Functions with inequality constraints.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Higher Engineering Mathematics: B. S. Grewal, Khanna publishers
6. Introductory methods of numerical analysis: S. S. Sastry, PHI
7. Numerical methods in Science and Engineering: S. Rajasekaran, Wheeler.
8. A Text book of Engineering Mathematics: N. P. Bali, Manish Goyal, Laxmi publication
9. Numerical methods: M. K. Jain & S. R. K. Iyengar, Wiley.
10. Operation Research: Prem Kumar Gupta, D.S. Hira, S. Chand & Co.
11. Numerical Mathematical Analysis: James B. Scarborough, Oxford & IBH Publishing co.

HU402 ACCOUNTANCY FOR ENGINEERS


2002
Dual aspect concept of accounts, classification of accounts, cardinal rules for debt and credit,
journal, ledger, balancing of account.
Subsidiary books, types of cash book, imprest system of petty cash book, bank reconciliation
statement.
Trial balance, trading and profit and loss account, balance sheet with adjustment.
Trial balance, trading and manufacturing account, profit and loss account, balance sheet with
adjustment.
Concept of capital, expenditure and revenue expenditure, baddebt and doubtful debt, reserve,
capital
and liabilities, outstanding expenses, prepaid expenses, marshalling of balance sheet, liquidity
and profitability of assets.
Average due date, calculation of average due date, interest etc.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Advance Accountancy: M.C Sukla, T.S Grewal, S. chand& Co. New Delhi.
2. Higher Secondary Accountancy: A.N. Agarwala, K.N. Agarwala, Kitab Mahal,
Allahabad.
3. Book Keeping and Accountancy: C Mohan Juneja, R.C. Chawla, K. K. Saksena, Kalyani
Publishers, Rajindrer Nagar, Ludhiana.
4. Double Entry Book Keeping & Accountancy: J.R. Batliboi, The standard Accountancy
Publications Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai‐ 400011.

HU403 COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS


2002

COMMUNICATIONS: Channels of communication, Barriers in communication, Speaking,


Conversation tasks on a given social milieu, Aims at improving the oral communication
skills, Public speaking skills, Features of effective speech, Verbal and Non verbal

SOFT SKILLS: Why soft skills matter, The soft skills gap, key point soft skills

INTERVIEWS: Broad perspective of interviews, Techniques of interviews, Types of


interviews- Strength and weaknesses

GROUP DISCUSSIONS: What is group discussion, How to face a G.D.-Why it is


important-G.D. preparation-Types of G.D., Do’s and Dont’s

PRESENTATION SKILLS: Structuring-Audience pre assessment, Opening presentation-


Body of presentation-Closing of presentation. The art and presentation of curriculum vitae.

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT: Boosting creativity, Sustaining enthusiasm and


energy, spiking up intuition-Accelerating success

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Ajmani J.C. New English. Get it Right, New Delhi: Rupa publications, 2012
2. Adair John. Effective Communication. London: Pan Macmilan ltd, 2003
3. Amos Julie Ann. Handling Tough job interviews. Mumbai Jaico Publishing, 2004
4. Collins Patrick. Speak with Power and Confidence. New York: sterling 2009
5. Hasson, Gill Brilliant communication skills. Great Britain: Pearson education 2012
EE441 ADVANCED COMPUTER PROGRAMMING & DATA STRUCTURES

3104

REVIEW OF 1ST SEMESTER IC COURSE: Control structure, decision control structure,


case control structure.

FILE OPERATIONS: Opening a file, File opening modes, Closing a file, Reading data
from a file, writing data to a file, EOF.

FUNCTIONS: What is function, passing values between functions, call by value, call by
reference,

ARRAYS AND POINTERS: Array definition, array initialization, bound checking, passing
an array element to a function, passing an entire array to a function, 2-dimenational array, 3-
dimensional array, pointer definition, array of pointers.

STRINGS: Definitions, Standard library string functions strlen(), strcpy(), strcat(), strcmp(),
2- dimensional array of characters.

STRUCTURES: Use of structure, Declaration of a structure, accessing structure elements,


Storing of structure elements. Array of structures.

DATA STRUCTURES: Stacks, queues, lists, linked lists, searching, sorting, crops

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. M.A.Weiss-Data Structures & Algorithms Analysis in C++ , (Addition Wesley).
2. L. Tannenbaum- Data Structures Using C , (PHI).
3. Lipshutz- Theory and problems of Data Structure, (McGraw Hill).
4. YashavantKanetkar -- Let Us C: (BPB)
5. YashavantKanetkar --Let Us C++ : (BPB)
6. E Balaguruswamy-- Programming in C: (TMG)

EE442 ELECTRICAL MACHINES - I (EE)


3104

ELECTRO-MECHANICAL ENERGY CONVERSION: Principle of energy conversion,


Field magnets and induced e.m.f. and torque in rotating machines, Simple commuter and slip
rings for supply and collection of current, magnetically coupled circuits.

D C MACHINES: Constructional features, Details of Lap and Wave windings. Methods of


excitations – shunt, series and compound. E M F equation, Armature reaction, Inter-poles and
compensation windings, Commutation, Characteristic curves of D C Machines, Efficiency
and Regulation, Parallel operation.

D C MOTORS: Speed and Torque characteristic curves of shunt, series and compound
motors, Starting of D C motors – Starters and grading of starting resistance, Speed control-
conventional methods and solid state control, Choice of motors for different duties, Losses
and efficiency, Testing – Swinburne’s test, Back to back test, Retardation test and Brake test.

TRANSFORMER: Principles of operation of transformer, voltage and current ratios,


Construction – shell type and core type, cooling method, single phase and poly phase. Emf
equation and output equation, Magnetic circuit, leakage flux and leakage reactance, Phasor
diagram, per unit values of resistance and reactance, Open circuit and short tests, back to
back test, Regulation, losses and efficiency, maximum efficiency, all-day efficiency, Auto-
transfer, 3-phase transformer, Phase transformation and connections. Parallel operation of
transformer, Vector grouping, Harmonics.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Langsdrof : Theory of Alternating Current Machines( McGraw Hill)
2. Kingsley, Fitzereld : Electric Machinery ( McGraw Hill)
3. Say :Preformance and Design of Alternating Current Machine.

EE444 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS THEORY (EE)


3104

VECTOR ANALYSIS: Review of dot and cross products, gradient, divergence and curl.
Divergence and Stock’s theorem, Cartesian, Cylindrical and Spherical co-ordinates system.
Transformation between co-ordinates, General curvilinear co-ordinates. Value of gradient
divergence and curl in general co-ordinates and to obtain there from their values in
cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates.

THE STATIC ELECTRIC FIELD: Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field strength, Field due to
point charges, a line charge and a sheet of charge, field due to continuous volume charge,
electric flux density, Gauss’s law in integral form, Gauss’s law in differential form
(Maxwell’s first equation in electrostatics), applications of the Gauss’s law.Electrostatic
potential difference and potential, potential and potential difference expressed as a line
integral, potential field of a point charge, potential field of a system of charges, conservative
property, potential gradient, the dipole, energy density in the electrostatic field.

THE STATIC MAGNETIC FIELD: The Biot-Savart’s law (the magnetic field of
filamentary currents), the magnetic field of distributed surface and volume currents, ampere’s
circuital law in integral and differential form (Maxwell’s curl equation for steady magnetic
field). The scalar and vector magnetic potentials, Maxwell’s Divergence equation for B,
steady magnetic field laws, forces in magnetic field, force on a current element, force
between two current elements, force and torque in a current loop.

THE ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD: Faraday’s law in integral and differential form


(Maxwell’s first curl equation for electro- magnetic field). The Lorentz force equation. The
concept of displacement current and modified ampere’s law (Maxwell’s 2nd curl equation for
electro- magnetic field), the continuity equation, power flow in an electromagnetic field, the
boynting vector. Sinusoidally time varying fields, Maxwell’s equation for Sinusoidally time
varying fields, Power and energy considerations for Sinusoidally time varying fields. The
retarded potentials, polarization of vector fields, review of Maxwell’s equations.
MATERIALS AND FIELDS (REVIEW TYPE ONLY): Current and current density, the
continuity equation, conductor in fields. Dielectrics in fields: Polarization, flux density,
electric susceptibility, relative permittivity, boundary conditions in perfect dielectrics,
magnetic materials, magnetization, permeability, boundary conditions.

APPLIED ELECTROMAGNETIC I: Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations, solution of one-


dimensional cases, general solution of Laplace’s equation, method of images.

APPLIED ELECTROMAGNETIC II: Electromagnetic waves, the Helm Holtz Equation,


wave motion in free space, wave motion in perfect lossy dielectrics, propagation in good
conductors, skin effect. Reflection of uniform plane waves- co-efficient of reflection and
refraction, characteristic impedance, Radiation of electromagnetic waves- half wave antenna.

TRANSMISSION LINE EQUATIONS AND PARAMETERS: Some examples of


transmission lines.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Hayt: Engineering Electromagnetics.
2. N. N. Rao: Basic Electromagnetics with applications.
3. Corson and Lofrain: Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields and waves.
4. Bradshaw and Byatt: Introductory Engineering Field Theory.
5. Nussbaum: Electromagnetic theory for engineers and scientists.

EE443 ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS AND MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

3104

CHARACTERISTIC OF INSTRUMENTS AND MEASURING SYSTEMS: Static


characteristic – accuracy, sensitivity, reproducibility, drift, static error and dead zone.
Dynamic characteristic- response to step and sinusoidal signals. Errors occurring in
measurement.

MEASURING INSTRUMENTS: Electro-dynamic, rectifier and induction type ammeters


and voltmeters – construction, operation, errors and compensation, Electro-dynamic and
induction type watt meters, Single phase induction type energy meter. MC and MI type
power factor meters. Electrodynamometer type frequency meter, Synchroscope.

MEASUREMENT OF RESISTANCE: Wheatstone bridge method – sensitivity of the


Wheaston Bridge – precautions to be taken while making precision measurements,
Limitations, Carey-Foster slid Wire Bridge. Measurement of low resistance – Kelvin’s
Double Bridge. Measurement of high resistance – direct deflection method. Measurement of
volume and surface receptivity. Loss of charge method. Measurement of insulation resistance
with power on.

POTENTIOMETERS: D. C. potentiometer – basic principle. Laboratory type


potentiometer. Methods of standardization. Applications- calibration of ammeters and
voltmeters, measurement of resistance and power - calibration of watt meters. Volt ratio box,
A. C. potentiometers – difference between A. C. and D. C. potentiometers. Types - polar and
co-ordinate type. Application of A. C. potentiometer.
A. C. BRIDGE: General principle, Balance equation. Sources and Detectors used in A. C.
Bridges. Balance condition and Phasor diagrams of Maxwell’s bridge, Anderson’s bridge,
Owen’s bridge, De Sauty’s bridge, Low voltage Schering Bridge, Heavy-side mutual
inductance Bridge.

MAGNETIC MEASUREMENT: Magnetic hysteresis, alternating current magnetic testing,


separation of iron losses. Measurement of iron losses by the watt meter method, Cambell’s
bridge method and the Oscillographic method.

INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMER: Use of instrument transformers – ratio, burden. Theory


and operation of CTs and PTs – errors and compensation – CT testing – mutual inductance
method, Silbee’s method. PT testing – comparison method. Power and energy measurement
using CTs and PTs. Effect of reverse polarity connection of one of the CTs on 3-phase energy
meter.

C.R.O.: :Basic construction, main parts, principle of operation, Applications. (Thurst has to
be to use C.R.O. through suitably designed laboratory experiments)

GALVANOMETERS: Ballastic, D’Arsonval, Vibration

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Golding and Widdis – Electrical Measurements and measuring instruments.
2. A.K. Sawhney – Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation
SEMESTER V

HU501 ENGINEERING ECONOMICS


3104

MICRO ECONOMICS: Meaning and definition of economics, engineering and economics,


nature and scope of economics; Theory of Consumer Behaviour: Utility analysis-meaning of
utility, utility function, consumer’s equilibrium or the law of equi-marginal utility, law of
diminishing marginal utility; Indifference Curve Analysis- meaning of indifference curves,
marginal rate of substitution, properties of indifference curves, consumer’s equilibrium;
Demand Analysis-law of demand, exceptions to the law, derivation of demand function,
concept and types of elasticity of demand, method to measure price elasticity of demand,
demand forecasting; Supply Analysis- law of supply, derivation of supply function; Revenue
Analysis- average, marginal and total revenue, revenue function, relation between average
and marginal revenue, relation between revenue and elasticity of demand, Theory of
Production- Concept of production, Cobb Douglas and constant elasticity of substitution
function, marginal rate of technical substitution, Isoquants and producer’s equilibrium, law of
variable proportion, returns to scale; Cost Analysis- derivation of cost function, average,
marginal and total cost, cost curves in the short and long run, break even point, managerial
uses of cost function; Market Structure-types of market, equilibrium of firms, price and
output determination in perfect competition, monopoly market, monopolistic competition.

MACRO ECONOMICS: Money- types of money, functions of money, theories of money:


Fisher’s version and Cambridge version; Index Numbers- meaning and construction of index
numbers, value of money; Inflation-causes of inflation, monetary and fiscal measures;
Deflation-meaning of deflation, causes of deflation; Banks- role of commercial banks,
functions of central bank; Financial Market- money market and capital market, functions of
stock exchange; National Income- definition of national income, national income accounts,
growth and composition of India’s national income; Investment Analysis- meaning and types
of investment, relation between MEC and MEI, concept of cash flow or time profile of a
project; International Trade-gains from trade, free trade vs. protection; Interest
Determination- classical and modern theory of interest.

PUBLIC FINANCE: Taxation- merits and demerits of direct and indirect taxes, concept of
value added tax; Public Expenditure- causes of increase in public expenditure, effects of
public expenditure; Public Debt-causes of increase in public debt, economic effect of public
debt; Budget- meaning of budget, various types of budget.

PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT: Definition of planning, types of planning, objectives


of planning, choice of production technique, globalization and its impact on Indian economy,
India and WTO.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Money, banking, international trade and public finance by Dr. M.L. Seth
2. Quantitative methods for economics by R.Veerachamy
3. Engineering economics by Tara Chand
4. Engineering economics by Dr. A. Ahmed and G. Begum
5. Engineering economy by Z. A. Khan, A. N. Siddiquee, B. Kumar
6. Economics of development and planning by R. K. Lakhi
7. Modern theory of public finance by RaghbendraJha
8. Public finance by U.K. Hicks.
9. Economic planning by B.C. Tandon

EE541 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS & SYSTEMS


3104

NUMBER SYSTEM: Representation of Binary numbers, octal and hexadecimal numbers,


complements, signed binary numbers, Binary codes, floating point numbers and arithmetic
and the conversion process.

BOOLEAN ALGEBRA AND LOGIC GATES: Basic theorems and properties of Boolean
algebra, Boolean functions, canonical and standard forms-SOP & POS. Logical operations,
truth tables, logic gates, logic levels and pulse waveforms, pulsed operation.

SIMPLIFICATION OF BOOLEAN FUNCTIONS: The map method- the Karnaugh map,


minimal SOP & POS, Don’t care conditions, multiple output minimization, tabular method,
Quine-Mcclusky method, determination and selection of prime implicants.

COMBINATIONAL LOGIC:(Logic synthesis): Introduction, universal property of NAND


and NOR gates, AND-OR networks, NAND & NOR networks, EX-OR networks, design and
analysis of combinational logic.

FUNCTIONS OF COMBINATIONAL LOGIC: Adders & substractors, parallel binary


adders, magnitude comparator, code conversion, decoders & encoders, Multiplexer &
demultiplexers, parity generators & checkers. Read only memories PLA & PAL

SYNCHRONOUS SEQUENTIAL LOGIC: INTRODUCTION:S-R, J-k, D and T Flip


Flops, Excitation table, Triggering of F/Fs & Latches, One shot Astablemultivibrator.
Registers: - Shift – Registers, Ripple Counters, Synchronous Counters. Ring Counters,
Timing Sequences, Design Procedure, Random Access Memory, Memory Decoding.

DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUIT: Introduction, special characteristics (Fan-Out,


Power dissipation, Propagation delay, figure of merit, noise level) Introduction to TTL, ECL,
MOS, and CMOS circuit.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Digital Design – M. Marris Mano.
2. Logic Design Theory – NN Biswas
3. Digital Fundamental – TL Floyd
4. Digital Electronics- R.P.Jain.

EE542 CONTROL SYSTEM


3104

ELEMENTARY CONCEPTS OF CONTROL SYSTEMS: Definition, open loop and


closed loop systems, examples of control systems, linear, non-linear, time-invariant and time
variant, continuous and discrete control system, block diagram representation of control
systems.
MODELS OF PHYSICAL SYSTEMS: Transfer function: definition and properties,
formulation of differential equations for physical systems and derivation of transfer function:
mechanical and electrical systems, derivation of transfer function using block diagrams
reduction techniques and signal flow graphs, signal flow graph from block diagram.

INTRODUCTION TO CONTROL SYSTEM COMPONENTS: Error detectors, servo


motors, techno-generators, servo amplifiers and determination of transfer functions.

TIME DOMAIN ANALYSIS: Standard test signals - step, ramp, parabolic and impulse
signals, poles, zeros and characteristic equations, relation between s-plane root locations and
transient response, time response of first order and second order systems, performance
specifications in time domain, derivative and integral control and their effects on the
performance of the 2nd order systems, system types and error constants, generalized error
coefficients, transient response of higher order systems (outline only).

STABILITY ANALYSIS: Concepts of control system stability, Routh-Hurwitz stability


criterion, scopes and limitations of the criterion, root-locus techniques, system analysis and
design using root-locus technique.

FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS: Frequency response and its specifications,


stability analysis using frequency response plots: Bode plot, polar plot, log-magnitude vs
phase plots and Nyquist plot, Nyquist stability criterion, M and N circle.

COMPENSATION TECHNIQUES: Preliminary design specifications in time and


frequency domain, gain compensation, lead and lag compensation.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Control Systems Engineering by Nagrath and Gopal
2. Modern Control Engineering by Ogata
3. Automatic Control Systems by Kuo
4. Control Systems by A Anand Kumar
5. Control Systems Engineering by Salivahanan, Rengaraj and Venkatakrishnan
6. Control System Components by Gibson and Teylor

EE543 COMPUTER ORIENTED NUMERICAL METHODS


3104

COMPUTER ARITHMETIC: Introduction, Floating point representation of numbers and


floating point arithmetic, computational errors, Relative and absolute errors, Error
propagation, Iterative processes- convergence and acceleration.

ITERATIVE METHODS: Transcendental equations, Methods of bisection, Method of false


position, Newton Raphson method, Complex roots, Synthetic division.

MATRICES AND LINEAR SYSTEMS OF EQUATIONS: Matrix inversion, LU


decomposition, Solution of linear system of equations by direct methods—Gauss elimination
method, ill—conditioned system, Pivotal condensation, Gauss-Siedel iteration method,
Gauss-Jordan matrix inversion, Eigen values and Eigen vectors, N—R method for non-linear
system of equations.
FINITE DIFFERENCE AND INTERPOLATION: Forward difference, Backward
difference and central difference, Symbolic relations, Interpolation with equal intervals,
Interpolation using forward difference, Newton’s and Gauss’s formula for interpolation,
Interpolation with unequal intervals, Newton’s formula, Lagrange’s polynomial interpolation.

NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION: Differentiation by


polynomial fit, errors in numerical differentiation, numerical integration—Trapezoidal rule,
Simpson’s rule, Romberg method.

ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: Taylor’s series method, Euler’s method,


Modified Euler’s method, Runga-Kutta method, Predictor-Corrector method.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:

1. Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation: M. K. Jain, S.R.K.


Iyengar, R.K. Jain., New Age International
2. Numerical Methods -Principles, Analysis, and Algorithms : Srimanat Pal, Oxford
3. Numerical Methods in Science and Engineering - A Practical Approach: S Rajasekaran,
S.Chand
4. Numerical Methods with programming in C: T Veerarajan, T Ramachandran, TMH
5. Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis: S.S. Sastry, PHI

EE544 ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM – I


3104

GENERAL INTRODUCTION: Introduction to power system: Generation , transmission


and distributions and basic layout arrangement of an inter-connected power system.

DISTRIBUTION: Different systems and their comparison based on relative copper


efficiencies, Concentrated and distributed loads in radial distributors fed at one and both
ends. Ring mains. Stepped distributors, sub mains, feeders. Design of distributors, feeder and
distribution substation.

LINE CONSTANTS: Resistance – Conductor materials. ACSR expanded ACSR, hollow


and bundle Conductors. Use of standard wire tables. Inductance- Inductance of solid
cylindrical conductor, composite conductor. Concept of G.M.D. Inductance of single
conductor with ground return, 2-conductor single phase line, inductance of three phase single
circuit and double circuit lines with symmetrical and unsymmetrical spacing. Skin effect and
proximity effect. Bundle conductors. Internal impedance of conductor. Bessel real and Bessel
imaginary. Capacitance- Capacitance of isolated conductor, 2-conductor single phase line,
three phase single circuit and double circuit lines with symmetrical and unsymmetrical
spacing. Method of image and effect of ground. Charging current.

PERFORMANCE OF TRANSMISSION LINES: Performance of short- length and


medium- length lines: Nominal- T and Nominal- pi representation. Performance of long
transmission lines. Interpretation of the long- line equations. SIL. Ferranti effect.
Generalized line constants and their application. Receiving- end, sending- end and universal
Power-circle diagrams. Calculation of synchronous phase modifier capacity (SPM).line
regulation. Maximum power limits. Efficiency of transmission line.
MECHANICAL DESIGN: Supporting structure for overhead lines. Towers(A,B,C,D and
DE types), Disposition of conductors, spacing between conductors, length of span,
calculation of sag and tension for equal and unequal suspension levels. Stringing chart, sag
template, vibration and vibration damper.

INSULATORS: Different types of insulators. Leakage path, wet flashover and dry flashover
distances, potential distribution over a string of suspension insulators, Methods of equalizing
the potential. String efficiency.

CABLES: Insulating materials. Construction of single core and multi-core cables,


Armouring, laying and jointing. H.V cables: pressure cables- oil filled and gas filled cables.
Stress and capacitance of single core cable, most economical size of conductor. Capacitance
and inter-sheath grading. Dielectric stress in bushing insulator. Capacitance and stress in 3
core cable, sheath effects, sheath current, insulation resistance, breakdown voltage and
mechanism of breakdown. Thermal characteristics of cables.

CORONA: Corona discharge, disruptive corona voltage and visual critical voltage, factors
effecting corona, corona power loss, empirical laws, line design based on corona, advantages
and disadvantages of corona, radio interference, inductive interference between power and
communication lines.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Electrical Power—S.L.Uppal.
2. Electrical Power System---C.L.Wadha.
3. Electrical Power System’s design—M.V. Despande.
4. Switchgear principles—P.H.J.Crane.
5. Switchgear and Protection—S.S. Rao
6. Switchgear and Protection-- M.V. Despande.

EE545 ELECTRICAL MACHINE - II


3104

POLY-PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS: Constructional features – slip ring and squirrel


cage motors. Rotating magnetic field and operation of poly-phase induction motors,
Equivalent circuit and phasor diagram. Torque and Power, Speed-torque curves – effects of
rotor resistance, Deep-bar and double cage rotors, Performance calculation from circle
diagram, Method of speed control, Losses and efficiency, Applications, Induction generator
and induction regulator, Starting of induction motor.

SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS: Construction, Rotating and cross field theories,
Equivalent circuit, Speed-torque characteristic, starting methods.

SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES: Construction and principles of operation of synchronous


generators and motors. Ventilation and cooling, Armature windings, winding factors, emf
equation. Armature reaction, leakage reactance, synchronous reactance, and impendence of
non-salient pole machines. Short circuit and open circuit tests, short circuit ratio, M M F in
salient and non-salient pole machines. Calculation of regulation by synchronous impedance
method. MMF method and ASA method. Introduction to two-reactance theory, locus
diagram of synchronous impedance, slip test, damper winding and oscillation of synchronous
machines, Synchronization, power angle diagram and synchronizing power. Determination of
sub-transient and transient react races and time constants of synchronous machine by
different methods. Determination of sequence impedances of synchronous machine. Parallel
operation. Synchronous motor: Phasor diagram, effect of varying excitation, effect of load
variation, V-curve, O-curve, power angle diagram and stability, Hunting, Two-reaction
theory of salient-pole motor, Starting. Use as synchronous phase modifiers.

A.C. COMMUTATOR MOTORS: Construction and functions of the commutator. 3-phase


commutator motor: Effects of voltage injection into the rotor circuit of a polyphase induction
motor. Construction and operation of the Schrage motor. Effects of brush movement.1-phase
commutator motors: Universal and repulsion motors: Construction and principle of operation,
Starting methods, Speed control, Improvement of commutation and power-factor by
compensation.

RELUCTANCE MOTORS: Construction and principle of operation, Synchronous and sub-


synchronous operation, Effects of frequency and rotor resistance, Types of reluctance motor,
Speed-torque characteristic.

STEPPER MOTOR: Construction and principle of operation, Types, Characteristics,


Selection and Application.

SERVOMOTORS: Construction and principle of operation of AC and DC servomotors.


Types, Damping in AC servomotors, Application.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Theory of Alternating Current Machinery: Langsdorff, A.S. MC-Graw Hill.
2. Electrical Machines: Nagrath I.J. and Kothari D.P. Tata MC-Graw Hill
3. Electrical Machines: Mukherjee P.K. and Chakravarty S. Dhanoat Rai.
4. Advanced Electrical Technology: Cotton H.
5. The Performance and Design of AC Commutator Machines: Taylor E.O. Wheeler.
6. Fractional and Sub-fractional H.P. Electric Motors: Veinott G.C. and Martin J.E. MC-
Graw Hill
SEMESTER VI

EE 641 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES IN ENGINEERING


3104

INTRODUCTION: Introduction to optimization, Engineering Applications of optimization,


Formulation of problems as mathematical programming problems, classification of
optimization problems

CLASSICAL OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES: Single variable optimization,


Multivariable optimization without constraints: necessary and sufficient conditions, the
Newton-Raphson method; Multivariable optimization with equality constraints: Jacobian
method and Lagrange’s multiplier method; Multivariable optimization with inequality
constraints: Kuhn Tucker conditions.

LINEAR PROGRAMMING: Formulation of LPP, Graphical and simplex method of


solution of LP problems, Duality in LP, Sensitivity analysis

NON-LINEAR PROGRAMMING: Unconstrained algorithms: Direct search and Gradient


methods; Constrained algorithms: Separable programming, Quadratic programming

DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING: Multi-stage decision process, Structure and characteristics


of dynamic programming, principles of optimality, deterministic dynamic programming

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Engineering Optimization Theory & Applications, S.S. Rao, New Age International Pvt.
Ltd.
2. Optimization Concepts and Applications in Engineering-A.D. Belegundu, T.R.
Chandrupatia, Perason Education, Asia
3. Operations research- An Introduction-H.A. Taha,Eastern

EE642 POWER ELECTRONICS (EE/IE)


3104

SEMICONDUCTOR POWER DEVICES: Introduction, power diodes, power transistors


(BJT, MOFET, IGBT, ICT etc) and SCRs and their operations, GTOs, Triacs and other
types of thyristors, their characteristics, ratings, mounting and cooling. Series and parallel
connections of SCRs. Triggering and control.

REGULATED POWER SUPPLIES: Requirements and principles Constant voltage and


current regulators, use of ICs, Line regulation, introduction to switching regulators.
Switching mode power supply, UPS – ON-line and OFF-LINE types,

CONVERTER OPERATION WITH SCRS: Single phase half- wave, full- wave and
bridge circuits, three- phase half wave and bridge circuits, six- phase with interphase
transformer, fully controlled and half- controlled circuits. Effects of load and source
inductance. AC controller – single phase and three phase, half control and full control,
applications of ac controllers. Dual converter and cycloconverter operating modes. Line
commuted inverters, firing and control circuits for different operations.
FORWARD COMMUTATION AND FORCEDCOMMUTATED INVERTERS: Forced
commutation circuits, parallel, series and bridge (single- phase and three- phase) inverters,
McMurray and McMurray- Bedford inverter circuits, Voltage and current source inverters.
Output voltage control harmonics eliminations. Firing circuits for inverters.

CHOPPERS: Principles of operation, classification, Time Ratio control & Current Limit
Control, DC, AC, and multi- quadrant choppers, Heumann’s (voltage commutated),
Morgan’s, Jone’s, and Mazda’s choppers. Applications.

APPLICATIONS OF SCRS: SCR battery chargers, replacement of electromechanical


devices by SCRs.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Gray, P.E.&c.L.Scurle: Electronic Principles- Wiley Eastern.
2. Grabane, A.B.:Analog integrated Circuit Degign- Van Nortrand.
3. Ramamoorthy, m.: An Introduction to Thyristors and their Applications- East West Press.
4. Rashid, M.H. Power Electronics, Circuits, Devices and Applications- Prentice Hall of
India.
5. Sen, P.C.: Power Electronics- TMH.
6. Dubey et al; Thyristorised Power Controllers- Wiley Eastern.

EE643 MICROPROCESSORS/MICROCONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS

3104

INTRODUCTION TO THE MICROPROCESSOR: Introduction to tri-state device-


register, ALU, counter etc. Basic concepts of programmable device – Bus organization,
system components etc. Block diagram ofμP 0885- data bus, address bus, timing and control
section, registers, etc.

INTERFACING MEMORY DEVICES AND I/O DEVICES: Address space and its
portioning, address decoding, memory and I/O mapping and management.

PROGRAMMING MICROPROCESSORS: Data representation, instruction formats,


addressing modes, Instruction set, software design, assembly language programming,
program looping, subroutine linkage - uses of stack and stack pointer, push pop operation etc.
Assembly and code language programming with examples, timing diagram of instructions.

SUPPORT PPIS: PPIs - 8255, 8253 and 8279; their functional block diagram, operational
modes and configuration of the device in different mode of operations, assembly language
program for using the PPIs in application purposes. Such as, data transfer, counter operation
and display data in seven segment LED display units and data to read data through key board
respectively.

APPLICATION OF ΜP BASED SYSTEM: Microprocessor based instrumentation system


for measurement of physical parameters, such as - temperature, light intensity, smoke,
moisture content etc. Operation electro-magnetic and static relay for switching operation. A
traffic light control, speed controller of de motor etc.
TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Microprocessor architecture, programming and applications—Ramesh S Gaonakar –
PenramInternational
2. Fundamentals of Microprocessors and Microcontrollers—B Ram—Dhanpat Rai
Publications
3. The 8085 Microprocessor and Programming and Interfacing—K Udantkus—Pearson
Education

EE644 ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM-II


3104

SUBSTATIONS: Classification. Interconnection of substations, Necessity. Function &


arrangement of substation equipment. Layout diagram- single line diagram with different
bus-bar arrangements. Current limiting reactors: Types and construction, substation
grounding.

NEUTRAL GROUNDING: Effectively grounded system. Under grounded system. Arching


ground. Methods of neutral grounding. Resonant grounding (Peterson coil). Earthing
transformer. Generator neutral breaker. Grounding practice as per Indian electricity rules.
Equipment grounding.

CIRCUIT BREAKERS: Fuses: Function: Important terms & classification. HRC fuses:
Characteristics& advantages. Time delay fuse. Switchgears: Functions, principles of circuit
breaking. DC & AC circuit breaking. Arc voltage & current waveforms. Restriking &
recovery voltages, Current zero pause. Current chopping, capacitive current breaking. AC
circuit breaker ratings. Arc in oil, arc irruption theories and processes. Bulk oil CB &
MOCB, air circuit breaker, air –blast CBs. Vacuum & SF6 CBs. Testing of circuit breakers.

PROTECTIVE RELAYS: Operating principles; Terminology & functional characteristics


of Protective relays. Universal relay torque equation. Over current relays. Differential relays.
Feeder, generator & transformer protection. Distance relays. Reverse, Translay relays, carrier
current protection, comparators. Static relays: operating principles, advantages, types.
Example with block diagram and circuit diagrams and operational principle.

OVER-VOLTAGE PHENOMENA IN POWER SYSTEMS: Lightning phenomena,


Switching surges, Travelling Waves, Shape and Specification of Travelling waves,
Attenuation and distortion of traveling waves, attenuation due to corona, behaviour of
traveling waves at a line transition, Construction of Bewely lattice diagram.

OVER VOLTAGE PROTECTION & INSULATION CO-ORDINATION: Surge


protection. Different types of lightening arresters & surge absorbers. Ground & counterpoise
wires. Location & rating of lightening arresters. Introduction to Insulation co-ordination.
Volt-time curve. Important terms. BIL & factors affecting it, co-ordination of system
equipment.

HVDC TRANSMISSION AND SYSTEMS OF ELECTRIC POWER


TRANSMISSION: Limitations of HVAC transmission. Advantages & limitations of HVDC
transmission. Kinds of DC links. Ground return. Equipment for HVDC transmission.
Economic distance. Application of HVDC systems. Review of Existing Systems, Advantages
and Limitations of using high transmission voltages, Comparison of overhead and
underground systems, Economic voltage of transmission, Economic size of conductors,
Kelvin’s law

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Electrical Power—S.L.Uppal.
2. Electrical Power System---C.L.Wadha.
3. Electrical Power System’s design—M.V. Despande.
4. Switchgear principles—P.H.J.Crane.
5. Switchgear and Protection—S.S. Rao
6. Switchgear and Protection-- M.V. Despande.

EE645 ANALOG ELECTRONICS – II


3104

INTRODUCTION TO OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Dual Input-Balanced Output


Differential Amplifier using BJT, DC Analysis, AC Analysis, CMRR. Analysis of Single
Input and Unbalanced Output Differential Amplifier. FET Differential Amplifier. Cascade of
Differential Amplifier Stages. Block Diagram of a typical OPAMP. Pin Layout of a typical
OPAMP IC. Characteristics of an ideal OPAMP. Practical OPAMP – Error due to Offset
Voltage and Offset Current, Input Bias current, Offset Nulling in a typical OPAMP IC.
Frequency Response of OPAMP. Effect of Noise and Nulling of Noise. Open Loop
Application of OPAMP.

GENERAL LINEAR APPLICATIONS OF OPAMP: Non-Inverting Amplifier, Inverting


Amplifier, Differential Amplifier, DC Amplifier, AC Amplifier, Peaking Amplifier,
Summing Amplifier, Scaling Amplifier, Averaging Amplifier, Instrumentation Amplifier,
Differential Input-Differential Output Amplifier, Voltage-to-Current Converter, Current-to-
Voltage Converter, Integrating Amplifier, Differentiating Amplifier, Log Amplifier, Antilog
Amplifier, Multiplier and Divider, Analog Simulation of Differential Equations (Analog
Computer)

NON-LINEAR APPLICATIONS OF OPAMP: Comparator. Zero Crossing Detector.


Schmitt Trigger. Astable Multivibrator. Monostable Multivibrator. Triangular Wave
Generator. Sine Wave Generator. RC Oscillators, Phase Shift Oscillator, Wien Bridge
Oscillator, Quadrature Oscillator. Voltage Controlled Oscillator. Voltage-to-Frequency
Converter. Frequency-to-Voltage Converter. Clipper. Clamper. Peak Detector. Absolute
Value Output Circuit. Sample-and-Hold Circuit. Ladder network in DAC application.
Various type of ADC ( for example - Up-counter, down-counter, dual slope ADC etc)

OPAMP BASED SPECIAL PURPOSE IC’s: Monolithic Power Amplifier IC.


Transconductance Amplifier IC-. Analog-to-Digital Converter IC. Digital-to-Analog
Converter IC. Voltage Regulator IC.s - 78XX Series IC.s, 723 Voltage Regulator. Switched
Mode Power Supply (SMPS). 555 Timer IC- Functional Block Diagram, Application as
Monostable Multivibrator, Astable Multivibrator and Schmitt Trigger. PLL – Basic
Principles, General Description and Application the 565 PLL IC.

ACTIVE FILTERS USING OPAMP: Classification of filters. Order of filters. Analysis


and Design of Butterworth Filters using OPAMP, First Order Low Pass Butterworth Filter,
Second Order Low Pass Butterworth Filter, First Order High Pass Butterworth Filter, Second
Order High Pass Butterworth Filter, Band Pass Filter, Band Stop Filter, All Pass Filter. State
Variable Filter. Switched Capacitor Filter.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. OPAMPS And Linear Integrated Circuits : by : R.A. Gayakwad : PHI
2. Linear Integrated Circuits : by : Roy Choudhury & Jain : Wiley Eastern
3. Microelectronics : by : Jacob Millman : TMH

EE646 SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS


3104

INTRODUCTION: Definitions, continuous-time (CT) and discrete-time (DT) signals,


exponential and sinusoidal signals, signal energy and power, even and odd signals, periodic
signals, transformation of independent variables: time-shift, time-reversal and time-scaling,
CT and DT systems and their classification, basic properties of CT and DT systems.

LTI SYSTEMS: DT LTI systems: convolution sum, CT LTI systems: convolution integral,
properties of LTI systems: commutative, distributive and associative properties, LTI systems
with and without memory, invertibility, causality and stability of LTI systems, systems
described by differential and difference equations.

FOURIER SERIES ANALYSIS FOR CT AND DT SIGNALS: Response of LTI systems


to complex exponential, representation of periodic signals: the Fourier series, properties of
Fourier series, convergence of Fourier series.

FOURIER TRANSFORM ANALYSIS FOR CT AND DT SIGNALS: Representation of


a-periodic signals: the Fourier Transform, properties of Fourier transform, System analysis by
Fourier Transforms, convergence of Fourier transform.

SAMPLING: Sampling theorem, effect of under-sampling, reconstruction of a signal from


its samples using interpolation, Spectrum of sampled signal.

Z-TRANSFORM: Definitions, region of convergence, properties of Z-transform, inversion


of Z-transforms, system function, applications to system analysis.

DIGITAL FILTERS: Finite Impulse Response (FIR) and Infinite Impulse Response (IIR)
systems, FIR and IIR filters, realization of FIR and IIR systems.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Oppenheim, A.V.,Willsky, A.S., Nawab,S. H.: Signals and Systems, Prentice Hall India
2. Proakis, J.G.&Manolikis, D.G.: Digital Signal Processing-principles, algorithms and
applications, Prentice Hall India
3. Robert, M. J.: Signals and Systems, Tata McGraw Hill
4. Rawat, T.K.: Signals and Systems, Oxford University Press
5. Mitra, S.K.: Digital Signal Processing-a computer based approach, Tata McGraw Hill
6. Xavier, E: Signals, Systems & Signal Processing, S. Chand & Co.
7. Mastering MATLAB, Pearson Education (for Laboratory use).
SEMESTERVII

EE741 ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM-III


3104

REPRESENTATION OF POWER SYSTEM COMPONENTS: Per Unit Representation


of power system elements such as : Synchronous machine, transformers with tap setting,
transmission line etc, Single line diagram.

NETWORK MATRIX: Primitive network, bus incidence matrix, formation of Y-bus by


singular transformation , networks with mutually coupled elements, formation of Z-bus by
matrix inversion , formation of Z-bus using the building algorithm – addition of a tree branch
p to reference bus , addition of a link between buses p and q , addition of a link between bus
p and reference bus .

SYMMETRICAL COMPONENTS AND UNSYMMETRICAL FAULT


CALCULATIONS: Fortesque’s theorem. Symmetrical components of an unbalanced 3-
phase system: average power in terms of symmetrical components, sequence impedances,
fault calculations, graphical method for determining sequence components, network
equations. LG, LL, LLG faults. Effect of fault impedance on fault current. Sequence
networks.

LOAD FLOW ANALYSIS: Introduction, classification of buses , representation of


transformers , Gauss Seidel iterative method using Y bus , N-R iterative method using Y-bus.
Calculation of line flows.

POWER SYSTEM STABILITY: Introduction. Dynamics of synchronous machine, swing


equation. Power- angle curve. Steady- state and transient Stabilities. Equal area criterion.
Calculation of power – angle curves for fault and post – fault conditions for various types of
fault; effect of reclosing. Numerical solution of swing equation. Dynamic stability. Factors
affecting stability.

AUTOMATIC LOAD FREQUENCY AND VOLTAGE CONTROL: Concept of load


frequency control (LFC), LFC model for single/multi area systems, tie-line control in
interconnected system ( multi area system), Concept of voltage and reactive power control.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Electrical Power—S.L.Uppal.
2. Electrical Power System---C.L.Wadha.
3. Computer Methods in Power System Analysis – Stagg, El-abiad McGraw-Hill
4. Power system operation and Control – P S Murty Tata McGRAW-Hill

EE742 COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING


3104

INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION ISSUES: History of communication, Issues


of noise in communication, Sources and characteristics of different noise, thermal and shot
noise, concept of white Gaussian noise. Noise temperature, noise bandwidth and noise figure.

AMPLITUDE MODULATION: Concept and need of Modulation, Generation and


detection of Amplitude Modulation- AM-DSBFC, DSBSC, SSB, Square Law modulation,
switching modulator, square law demodulator, Envelop detector, Balance Modulator, Ring
Modulator signals, Power spectra of AM.

ANGLE MODULATION: Generation and detection of Frequency and Phase Modulation –


NBFM, WBFM, Transmission bandwidth , Indirect and direct method for FM generation,
Frequency discrimination, PLL demodulation, Super heterodyne receivers, Frequency
Division Multiplexing.

PULSE MODULATION: PAM, PPM, PWM systems, Sample and hold circuit, Concept of
PCM- generation and reconstruction, basic coding and quantization, quantization noise,
nonuniform quantization and compounding, signal to quantizing noise power ratio, Signaling
Format, Time Division Multiplexing. Pulse shaping and Inter Symbol Interference (ISI).

RANDOM SIGNAL THEORY: Random variable – cumulative distribution function,


probability distribution function, statistical averages, standard deviation, Gaussian and
Rayleigh PDF. Random processes – ensemble averages and correlation, stationary and
ergodic process.

PERFORMANCE OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEM IN PRESENCE OF NOISE:


Signal to noise ratio, noise in base band communication system and signal to noise ratio,
Noise in Amplitude Modulation system and signal to noise ratio, Noise in Frequency and
Phase modulation systems and signal to noise ratio.

DIGITAL COMMUNICATION: Generation and detection of ASK, PSK, FSK, DPSK and
QPSK.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Modern Digital and Analog Communication System, B.P.Lathi, Oxford University press,
India
2. Communication System, Simon Haykins, John Wiley & Sons.
3. Communication System, V. Chandrasekar, Oxford University press, India
4. Communication Engineering, Sanjay Sharma, S.K.Kataria& Sons

EE743 EMBEDDED SYSTEM


3104

INTRODUCTION: Introduction to Programmable device, concept of common BUS,


operation of a programmable device, design and realization of a simple programmable device
(Microcontroller/Microprocessor) with simple instructions like – data transfer, ALU
operations, port operation etc. History of Microcontroller and Microprocessor. Difference
between Microcontroller and Microprocessor. MPU of different categories- such as
Microcontroller-8051, AVR etc, their specific features, advantages.

MICROCONTROLLER 8051: Introduction. MCS-51 Architecture. Registers, I/O Ports.


Memory organization. Hardware interrupts, Timer and Serial input/out.

ASSEMBLY AND C PROGRAMMING OF MICROCONTROLLER 8051:


Instructions- Addressing modes, Arithmetical. Logical. Jumps. Loops and Call etc.
Interrupts, Timers/ Counters and Serial Communications.
APPLICATION OF MCS-51: Interfacing LCD, Key board, principle DAC and ADC -
Multi-channel programmable parallel data BUS ADC, Multi-channel programmable SPI
base ADC. Basic features of an embedded system used for real-time practical application.
Data- logger. Development of instrumentation system for measurement of - light intensity,
temperature, pressure, flow, frequency, pulse width, voltage, angular speed etc. Generation of
PWM wave. PID controller, analytical instruments such as Sequential control and interlock
control.

INTRODUCTION TO AVR ATMEGA 8/16/32: Basic port operation, configuration in-


built ADC for sampling analog signal, serial data communication thorough TxD and RxD and
fundamental of timer operations.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Microcontrollers : Theory and Applications – by A V Deshmukh
2. The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded system using assembly and C – Md Ali Mazidi,
Rolin D. Mc-Kindly and Janice Gillistie.
3. The AVR Microcontroller and Embedded using assembly and C. - Md Ali Mazidi,
SarmadNaimi and SepehrNaimi

EE744.1 ADVANCE CONTROL SYSTEM (ELECTIVE-I)


3104

STATE SPACE ANALYSIS: State Space Representation, Solution of State Equation, State
Transition Matrix, Canonical Forms – Controllable Canonical Form, Observable Canonical
Form, Jordan Canonical Form. Controllability and Observability: Tests for controllability and
observability for continuous time systems – Time varying case, minimum energy control,
time invariant case, Principle of Duality, Controllability and observability form Jordan
canonical form and other canonical forms.

DESCRIBING FUNCTION ANALYSIS: Introduction to nonlinear systems, Types of


nonlinearities, describing functions, describing function analysis of nonlinear control
systems. Phase-Plane Analysis: Introduction to phase-plane analysis, Method of Isoclines for
Constructing Trajectories, singular points, phase-plane analysis of nonlinear control systems.

STABILITY ANALYSIS: Stability in the sense of Lyapunov, Lyapunov’s stability and


Lypanov’s instability theorems. Direct method of Lypanov for the Linear and Nonlinear
continuous time autonomous systems. Modal Control: Effect of state feedback on
controllability and observability, Design of State Feedback Control through Pole placement.
Full order observer and reduced order observer.

CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS: Minimization of functionals of single function,


Constrained minimization. Minimum principle. Control variable inequality constraints.
Control and state variable inequality constraints. Euler Lagrangine Equation.

OPTIMAL CONTROL: Formulation of optimal control problem. Minimum time,


Minimum energy, minimum fuel problems. State regulator problem. Output regulator
problem. Tracking problem, Continuous-Time Linear Regulators.

DISCRETE TIME SYSTEMS: Introduction to discrete – time systems; Z- transform,


inverse Z- transformation; solving difference equation by the Z-transform method; pulse-
transfer function; stability analysis in the Z- plane.
TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. M. Gopal, Modern Control System Theory, New Age International.
2. K. Ogata, Modern Control Engineering, PHI.
3. I.J. Nagarath, M.Gopal, Control Systems Engineering, NAI.
4. Stainslaw H. Zak, Systems and Control, Oxford Press.

EE744.2 OPTOELECTRONICS (ELECTIVE-I)


3104

OPTICAL FIBER WAVE GUIDES: Theory of Dielectric slab waveguides-Symmetric and


Asymmetric slab wave guide, Channel waveguide, Review of ray theory-Electromagnetic
mode theory-Phase and group velocity-Modes-guided, radiative and leaky modes-‘V’
number-cut off wave length-Step index and graded index fibers-Parameters of optical fiber-
problems. Signal degradation in fibers-Attenuation-Absorption loss-Linear and nonlinear
scattering loss-Fiber bend loss-Dispersion mechanisms-Intramodal and intermodal
dispersion-Expressions-modal noise-overall dispersion in single mode/multimode fibers-
problems-mode coupling.

OPTICAL SOURCES: Light emitting diodes- P N junction characteristics- Direct and


Indirect band gap materials- Spontaneous emission- Carrier concentration variation in n+p
junction- carrier life time-Diffusion coefficient- Diffusion length- Injection efficiency-
internal Quantum efficiency-Power internally generated- Overall efficiency of LED-
problems- Hetero junction LEDs – Advantages- LED modulation- Electrical and Optical
Bandwidth- LED structures-ELEDs and SLEDs-LED characteristics-Effect of temperature-
LED Drive Circuits.

LASER DIODES: Spontaneous Vs Stimulated emission-Einstein’s relation-population


inversion-cavity resonance and threshold gain-Laser modes-stimulated emission in PN
junction-Rate equation-condition for lasing-Laser diode characteristics-Modulation-
frequency chirp Hetero junction LASER-LASER structures-LED Vs LASER diodes.

OPTICAL DETECTORS AND FIBER OPTIC LINK, CLASSIFICATION OF


DETECTORS: Photodiodes-pn junction photo diode-pin photodiode- response and noise-
apDs, Advantages of APD- APD Bandwidth and noise-Phototransistor-parameters of
phototransistor-problems-Detector performance parameters-noises- NEP Power launching
and coupling- source to fiber coupling-joints- fiber to detector coupling- losses-fiber splicers,
connectors and couplers-types-Fiber optic link-System considerations-link power budget-rise
time budget-Link Design

ELECTRO OPTIC EFFECTS: Birefringence phenomenon EO Retardation, EO Amplitude


and Phase Modulator, Electro optic Intensity Modulators, Beam deflection, acousto-optics,
A-O Modulators, Integrated optic spectrum analyzer, Non linear optics second harmonic
generation, Parametric amplification. Advanced system technology-Optical amplifiers-
Raman and Erbium doped optical amplifiers-noises-Wave length Division Multiplexing
(WDM) and components-Optical network-wave length routed networks.

OPTICAL FIBER SENSORS: Fiber optic sensors-classification, Multimode fiber Sensors-


Displacement, pressure, stress, strain. Intensity modulated sensors, Active multimode FO
sensors, Micro-bend optical fiber sensor, Current sensors, Magnetic sensors, Single mode FO
sensors, Phase modulated, Polarization modulated, Fiber Optic Gyroscope. Fiber bragg
gratings for strain and temperature sensors-displacement sensor-optical computing concepts-
optical logic gates.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, P. Bhattacharya, PHI.
2. Optical Fiber Communications, G. Keiser, McGraw-Hill Inc.
3. Optical Fiber Communication: Principles and Practice, J. M. Senior, PHI.
4. Optoelectronics devices and system-Dr. S. C. Gupta-PHI
5. Optical communication Systems-John Gower-PHI
6. Optical fiber Communication Systems-Principles and practice-John M. senior-Pearson

EE744.3 INSTRUMENTATION (ELECTIVE-I)


3104

INTRODUCTION: Generalized approach to measuring systems. Function descriptions.


Transducers- Active and passive, primary and secondary transducers. Input- output
configuration of measuring instruments and Instrument systems.

GENERALIZED PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF INSTRUMENTS: Static


characteristics- Accuracy, Precision, Errors, Uncertainty and Bias. Static sensitivity.
Linearity.

SENSORS: Resistive pots, Strain gauges, LVDTs, capacitive transducers, piezoelectric


transducers, Hall Effect transducers. Digital shaft position encoder, Ultrasonic transducers,
Seismic sensors.

PROCESS INSTRUMENT: Measurement of temperature (RTD, thermistors,


thermocouples, pyrometers). Measurement of Force and Pressure (Bellows, Bourdon tubes,
Load cells, Diaphragm etc). Level measurement.

SERVO COMPONENTS: Synchros, DC and AC servomotors, Tachogenerators, Stepper


Motor.

SIGNAL CONDITIONING: D.C. And a. c. signal conditioning circuits. Operational


amplifiers. Instrumentation amplifier. Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation. Bridge
circuits. Analog to digital (A/D) and Digital to Analog (D/A) converters.

DATA TRANSMISSION AND TELEMETRY: Methods of data transmission. D.C.


Telemetry systems. A.C. telemetry systems. Modulation- Amplitude modulation (A.M),
Frequency modulation (F.M), Phase modulation, pulse amplitude modulation (PAM), Pulse
duration modulation (PDM).

INTRODUCTION TO THE OPTICAL, ULTRASONIC, RADIO ISOTOPES AND


LASER BASED INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Measurement System Application And Design: Doeblin.E.O. (Tata McGraw)
2. Electrical measurements and measuring instruments: swahney.A.K (Dhanpat Rai)
3. Instrumentation, Measurement and Analysis: Nakra, Choudhury (Tata McGraw)
EE 745.1 RENEWABLE ENERGY (ELECTIVE-II)
3104

INTRODUCTION TO NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES: Importance,


primary & secondary energy sources, limitations to primary sources, various sources of non-
conventional energy, renewable energy.

SOLAR ENERGY: Solar radiation, solar radiation angles, local solar time, solar collector-
flat plate collector & solar concentrator, solar heater-water heater & air heater, solar cooker,
solar distillation, solar energy storage- sensible heat storage & latent heat storage.

PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY CONVERSION: Photovoltaic effect, equivalent circuit &


V-I characteristics of PV cell, types of solar cell & their characteristics, effect of temperature,
light intensity, cell-area & series resistance on PV cell, solar cell array & module and their
configurations, specifications of PV module, PV system & their components, isolated & grid
connected PV systems.

WIND ENERGY: Wind energy conversion, wind turbine rotor -classification,


characteristics & analysis of ideal wind turbine rotor, power co-efficient, air foils, lift & drag
forces, blade shape for ideal rotor, generalized rotor design procedure , wind turbine_
subsystems, components, design, power curve prediction, electrical aspects of wind turbine,
grid connected wind turbine, wind farms, site selection.

FUEL CELL: Introduction, energy conversion principles, types of fuel cell, components of a
fuel cell, polarization.

ENERGY FROM BIO-MASS: Introduction, Bio-mass conversion technologies, bio-gas


generations, classifications of bio-gas plants, selection of site for bio-gas plant, utilization of
bio-gas, thermal gasification of bio-mass.

GEO THERMAL ENERGY: Sources and use of geo-thermal energy, geo-thermal power
plants, applications.

ENERGY FROM THE OCEAN: Tidal power, components of tidal power plants,
generation of tidal power, estimation of energy & power, ocean thermal energy conversion
(OTEC)_ introduction, types, plants & their specifications.

MAGNETO HYDRO DYNAMIC GENERATION: Principles of MHD generation, MHD


generator, equivalent circuits, MHD system. Combined Operation utilizing more than one
source, composite systems

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. G.D. Rai, Non conventional energy sources, Khanna publishers.
2. Thomas Markvart, Solar Electricity, John Willy & Sons.
3. A.C.Baker, Tidal Power, Peter Peargrenus Ltd.
4. G.N.Tiwari, Solar Energy_Fundamentals, design, modeling & application, Narosa
Publishing House.
EE 745.2 UTILIZATION & CONSERVATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY
(ELECTIVE-II)
3104

ELECTRIC HEATING: Advantages, Classification, Resistance Heating, Furnaces,


Requirements and Design of heating elements, Temperature control, Electric arc furnaces,
Direct & Indirect, Construction & Operation, Electrodes & Power Supply, High Frequency
Heating, Induction Heating, Working principle, Power & High frequency Heating, Choice of
Frequency, Core type & Coreless Furnaces, Skin Effect & Pinch effect, High Frequency
Supply, Advantages & Disadvantages, Dielectric Heating, Working principle, Choice of
Voltage and Frequency, Advantages & Applications.

ELECTRIC WELDING: Classifications, Resistance Welding: Spot, Butt, Seam. Arc


welding: types, electrode used, power sources and control circuits. Atomic hydrogen welding.
Modern development.

ELECTRIC TRACTION: Advantages. Systems of electric traction. Choice of system


voltage and frequency. The Indian scenario. Types of train services. Train movements and
energy consumption. Speed-time, distance-time and energy consumption curves.Tractive
effort, Adhesion, Train resistance. Power supply arrangements. Substation equipment. D.C
AND A.C. traction motors, their disposition and operation on tram cars, motor coaches and
locomotives. Control systems; Rheostatic, field control and series-parallel using shunt and
bridge transition methods. Multiple unit control. Metadyne control. Controllers for dc & ac
traction motors. Tram Cars, Motor coaches, &Trolly Buses. Auxiliary Electrical Equipments
for Tram cars, Motor Coaches & Locomotives. Braking: mechanical, vacuum & electrical.

ENERGY STORAGE: Size & Duration of storage. Modes of energy storage: mechanical,
electrical, magnetic, thermal & chemical. Comparison of the different systems.

ELECTRICAL LOSSES & ENERGY CONVERSION: Electrical transmission,


distribution & utilization losses. Classification. Reduction of losses. Benefits of electrical
energy conservation. Energy conservation in lighting, electric furnaces, electric drive, traction
systems. Use of energy –efficient equipment.

ELECTRICAL ENERGY AUDIT: Introduction, benefits, procedure for energy audit.


Instruments for energy audit. Methodology. Case study.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Tripathy, S.C ; Electrical Energy Utilization & Conservation, TMG
2. Suryanarayan, N.V. ; Utilization of Electric power ; Wiley Eastern Ltd.
3. Pratab, H.; Utilization of Electrical Energy; Dhanpat Rai & Sons.

EE745.3 ILLUMINATION ENGINEERING (ELECTIVE II)


3104

RADIATION: Wavelength, frequency & velocity. The radiation spectrum. Radiations from
black bodies & other sources.

ENTITIES IN THE ILLUMINATION SYSTEM AND THEIR UNITS: Luminous


sources, illumination, intensity, brightness, other terms and units. The inverse square law.
The cosine law. Solid angle relationship. Luminosity, relationship between brightness &
luminosity for a perfectly diffusing source, illumination standards.

THE EYE & VISION: The structure of the eye, accommodation, aberration of the eye, the
rods & cones, visual acuity, glare, color & color response of the eye.

LIGHT SOURCES & THEIR CHARACTERISTICS: Day light incandescent, electric


discharge(low & high pressure), fluorescent, are amps and laser beams, color rendering,
wiring, switching & control circuits. Starters & ballast.

LIGHT CONTROL: Reflection & reflection factor, absorption, transmission &


transmission factor. Control of light by luminaries.

ILLUMINATION & MEASUREMENT: Illumination from point sources, light units in a


row, area illumination, polar curves. Linear & surface sources, flat linear source, flat-strip of
short length. Illumination of a vertical source. Radiant energy detectors, PV cell, Photo-tubes,
Photometry, Electro-photometry, Photo cells, Spectro-photometer, Colorimeters.

GENERAL ILLUMINATION & DESIGN CALCULATION: Interior lighting of


industrial, residential & commercial buildings. Effective utilizations of daylight. Daylight
factor, Outdoor lighting, Street, rail/shipyards, airports, sports area. Lighting design for
signaling, advertising & security.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Cotton.H, Principles of Illumination, Chapman & Hall.
2. Boast. W.S., Illumination Engineering, McGraw-Hill.
3. IES Lighting Handbook, Illumination Engineering Society, New York.
SEMESTER VIII

EE841: INDUSTRIAL DRIVES AND CONTROL


3104

DYNAMICS OF ELECTRIC DRIVES: Classification of electric drives, types of load,


speed-torque characteristics of loads and motors, selection of motors, dynamics of motor-
load combination, four-quadrant operation, moment of inertia, steady state and transient
stabilities of electric drives.

CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTORS: Review of the speed-torque characteristics of the


important AC and DC drive motors. Transfer function modeling of DC motor.

STARTING: Effect of starting on power supply, motor and load, starting methods,
automatic starting circuits- time and current limit acceleration, energy relations and reduction
of energy loss during starting.

ELECTRIC BRAKING: Braking methods, speed-torque characteristic under braking


conditions, energy relations and reduction of energy loss during braking.

RATING OF MOTORS: Heating: Heating and cooling of motors, loading condition and
classes of duty, power rating and selection of motors for different applications, load inertia
and load equalization.

MECHANICAL FEATURES FOR ELECTRICAL MOTORS: Types of enclosures,


bearings, mountings and transmission of drive, reduction of noise.

THYRISTORISED DC MOTOR DRIVES: Speed equations and performance


characteristics of DC motors, single phase and three phase controlled converter drives, dual
converter schemes, two/four quadrant chopper drives, regenerating braking with DC series
motor fed from a chopper, closed loop control.

THYRISORISED AC MOTOR DRIVES: Speed equations and performance characteristics


of three phase induction motors, induction motor drives using thyristors for static voltage
control, slip-power recovery and rotor resistance control, variable frequency operation of
three-phase induction motors with constant flux and torque. Inverter/cycloconverter control
of induction and synchronous motors, closed- loop control.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION OF ELECTRIC MOTORS: Important processes,


requirements of drives and types of motors used in rolling mills, pulp and paper mills, cement
mills, sugar mills, and coal mining, machine tool drives.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Pillai, S.K.: Afirst Course in Electric Drives- Wiley Eastern
2. Partab,h.: Art and science of utilization of electric energy-Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
3. Chilkin, M.: Electric drives—Mir publishers, Moscow.
4. Rashid ,M.H.: Electronics-Prentice hall of India.
5. Subramanium,V.: Thyristor control of Electric motors-TMH
6. Vicker, H.: Induction motor-McGraw Hill.
EE842 ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM –IV
3104

THERMAL POWER PLANT: Thermal power plant – economical, and ecological. Line
diagram of thermal power plant- Boiler: classifications and operational issues, Super heater,
Reheaters, Economizer, air heater, draft system, feed water heater, and evaporator, cooling
water supply and cooling tower. Speed governor, station auxiliaries, Ash handling system for
thermal power plant. Emission issue of thermal power plant.

HYDRO POWER PLANT: Classification of hydro power plant, economical and ecological
issues related to the selection of site of hydro power plant , Estimation of generation capacity
of hydro power plant, Selection of turbine, plant layout, governor and hydro plant
auxiliaries.

NUCLEAR POWER PLANT: Fundamental of nuclear fission, schematic of nuclear power


plant, nuclear fuels and fertile materials, nuclear reactor, chain reaction, moderator, coolants,
control of fission, reactor operation, types of reactors , economical, and ecological issues of
nuclear power plant .

RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES AND POWER PLANTS: Solar PV power plant,


principle and operation, stand alone Solar PV power plant, Grid Connected Solar PV power
plant, and operation issues of solar inverters. Wind power plant, wind turbines, wind
generator- doubly fed induction generator for wind power plant- its operational issues.

ECONOMIC OPERATION OF THERMAL PLANTS: Methods of loading turbo-


generators, input-output curves, heat ratio and incremental cost, co-ordination equation,
economic loading of units, with and without transmission loss, penalty factor, iterative
methods of solving co-ordination equation, economic thermal dispatching with network
losses considered, B-matrix loss formula and its derivatives, economic dispatch versus unit
commitment(UC), constraints in UC, UC solution method, generation Scheduling, ,
introduction to load forecasting.

HYDROTHERMAL CO-ORDINATION: Advantages of combined operation , base load


and peak load consideration , combined operation of run-off river and thermal plants , hydro
electric plant models, scheduling problems, short-term hydro-thermal scheduling, long-term
aspects of hydro and thermal plants, co-ordination equations in hydro-thermal operations, use
of dynamic programming in hydro-thermal scheduling.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Wood and Wollenburg: Power generation, operation and control—John Wiley and sons.
2. Electrical Power—S.L.Uppal.
3. Power system operation and Control – P S Murty Tata McGRAW-Hill
4. Electric Energy System Theory: An Introduction- Olle L. Elgerd Tata McGRAW-Hill

EE843 HIGH VOLTAGE ENGINEERING (ELECTIVE)


3104

CONDUCTION AND BREAKDOWN IN GASES: Desirable properties of gas and


insulating medium, Townsond’s current growth equations, Townsond’s criterion for
breakdown, Electronegative gases and their breakdown, Streamer theory, Baschen’ s law.
CONDUCTION AND BREAKDOWN OF LIQUID DIELECTRICS: Pure and
commercial liquids, origin and purification, breakdown of commercial liquids, Transformer
oil- composition, properties and deterioration: Inhibitor.

BREAKDOWN OF SOLID DIELECTRICS: Different types of breakdown, measurement


of intrinsic strength, partial discharge.

ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF HIGH VACUUM: High Vacuum as dielectric,


breakdown conduction, factors affecting breakdown voltage, breakdown phenomenon.

LIGHTING OVER-VOLTAGE: Measuring instruments, Magnetic surge crest ammeter,


Kyldonograph, Fulchronograph, Oscillograph, Protective devices, surge absorbers, ground
and counterpoise wires, lighting arresters, switching over voltages- origin, wave shape and
magnitudes, protective devices.

HIGH-VOLTAGE GENERATION: Alternating voltage: transformers in cascade, single


units, high frequency transformers, direct voltage: Voltage multipliers and cascade circuits
using rectifiers, electrostatic machines, voltage stabilization, transient voltage, impulse
generator, analysis of the basic circuits, standard impulse wave-shape, multi-stage circuits,
wave shape control, triggering, general construction, synchronization with oscilloscope.

HIGH-VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT: Measurement of high direct, alternating (rms and


peak) and impulse voltage and currents. Uniform field electrodes, measurement of dielectric
constant and loss factor, Schering bridge, Wagner earth discharge and measurement.

HIGH-VOLTAGE TESTING: Low-frequency tests, impulse tests, test circuits, control


gear, testing of overhead line insulators, cables and transformer oil.

HIGH-VOLTAGE EQUIPMENT: Bushings: classification, construction and application,


Grading, Breakdown of bushings, design and constructional features of high-voltage
resistors, High-voltage capacitors, guard rings and shields.

HIGH-VOLTAGE LABORATORY: Planning, testing and other facilities, test equipment,


clearance and layout safety measures, grounding, High-voltage connections.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Kuffel E. and Abdulla , M., ‘High Voltage Engineering’, Paragon Press, London.
2. Naidu, M. S., and Karmaju, V., ‘High Voltage Engineering’, Tata Mc Grow Hill.
3. Chourasia, M. P., ‘High Voltage Engineering’, Khanna publishers.
4. Alsten, ‘High Voltage Engineering’.
5. Jha, R., A. S., ‘High Voltage Engineering’, Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
6. Rind , D. ‘High Voltage Laboratory Technics, PHI.

EE844.1 ADVANCE TOPICS IN POWER SYSTEM (ELECTIVE-I)


3104

POWER SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION: Optimal load flow solution- The Lagrangian


Function, method for Dommel and Tinney, Elgerd method, El-Abiad and James method,
Kirchmayer method for Hydo-thermal co-ordination and Dynamic programming for Hydo-
thermal co-ordination.
CONTINGENCY ANALYSIS OF POWER SYSTEM: Importance of contingency
analysis of a power system, Contingency analysis for line outage, Generation outage and loss
of generation of an inter connected power system. Corrective measure for a selected
contingency situation.

POWER SYSTEM STATE ESTIMATION:Role of estimator of a power system


measurements, Method of least squares for state estimation, WLSE state estimation,
Composition of the Jacobian Matrix and measurement variables for state estimation of a
power system.

INTRODUCTION TO FACTS: Brief introduction to FACTS devices- STATCOM, SVS,


UPFC, etc. Their basic representation and operating principle. Role of FACT devices in real
and reactive power control.

HARMONICS IN POWER SYSTEM: Different sources of harmonics, effectsof harmonics


on power system performance and power quality.

COMPUTER AIDED OPERATING AND CONTROL OF POWER SYSTEM: Power


system load dispatch issues- unit commitment (day ahead scheduling), on line operating
constraints for zones etc (Availability based tariff concept and realization.). Application of
SCADA in power system, concept of smart grid.Restructuring of power system, Issues of de-
regulation and open access of power system planning and operation.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Power System Analysis – T K Nagsarkar and M S Sukhija OXFORD University.
2. Power system operation and Control – P S Murty Tata McGRAW-Hill
3. Electric Energy System Theory: An Introduction- Olle L. Elgerd Tata McGRAW-Hill
4. On line material form various sources

EE844.2 RELIABILITY ENGINEERING (ELECTIVE-I)


3104

INTRODUCTION TO RELIABILITY ENGINEERING: Definition of reliability, reasons


for reliability engineering programmes, applications and benefits, reliability and cost,
reliability and quality, definition of availability and maintainability.

RELIABILITY MATHEMATICS: Basic probability theorems, rules for combining


probabilities-independent events, mutually exclusive events, complementary events,
conditional events, simultaneous occurrence of events; Random variables-discrete and
continuous, their properties; Data reduction to frequency histograms and polygons, frequency
distribution and probability density function, failure probability density function and its
estimate, cumulative frequency and cumulative distribution, data and distribution descriptive
values-central tendencies (mean, mode and median), distribution moments, variance and
standard deviation, coefficient of variation, skewness, kurtosis, fractiles, percentiles and
quantiles, distribution parameters-location, shape and scale parameters; Standard
distributions-discrete and continuous, discrete-Binomial and Poisson distributions,
continuous-exponential, normal, log-normal, Rayleigh, Weibull, Gamma and extreme-value
distribution.
CONCEPTS OF RELIABILITY: Definition of reliability; Failure- causes of failures,
modes of failures, life characteristics pattern (Bath-tub curve); Measures of reliability-failure
rate, mean time between failure (MTBF), mean time to failure (MTTF), derivation of
reliability function and its properties, relationship between density function, distribution
function, reliability and failure rate; Hazard rate function-constant hazard model, linear
hazard model; Reliability evaluation at component level; Probability plotting.

SYSTEM RELIABILITY EVALUATION: Reliability block diagram; Systems-series,


parallel, series-parallel, parallel-series, k-out-of-m system, standby system; Complex system-
decomposition technique, tie set and cut set method, Boolean truth table method; Fault tree
and Event tree method; Redundancy technique in system design-component versus unit
redundancy, weakest link technique, mixed redundancy, standby redundancy.

AVAILABILITY ANALYSIS: Markov process and general concept of modeling;


Instantaneous and Steady-state availabilities; State-space diagram; Markov model for-two
repairable components, three repairable components, standby redundant system, non-
repairable system; Stochastic transitional probability matrix; Steady-state availability
calculation of systems.

MAINTAINED SYSTEMS: Maintenance, objectives of maintenance, forms of


maintenance, types of maintenance; Preventive maintenance-idealized maintenance, effect of
preventive maintenance on reliability; Corrective maintenance; Definition and derivation of
Maintainability function.

ECONOMICS OF RELIABILITY ENGINEERING: Economic issues, manufacturer’s


cost, customer’s cost, reliability achievement cost models, reliability utility cost models,
depreciation-cost models; availability-cost model for parallel systems.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Reliability Engineering - E. Balagurusamy, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Comp. Ltd.,
1984.
2. Reliability Engineering – A. K. Govil, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Comp. Ltd., 1983.
3. Introduction to Reliability Engineering- E. E. Lewis, John Wiley and Sons, 1996.
4. Reliability Engineering Handbook (Vol 1) – Dimitri Kececioglu, Prentice Hall PTR,
1991.
5. Reliability Evaluation of Engineering Systems-concepts and techniques-Roy Billinton
and Ronald N. Allan (2nd Edition), Plenum Press, 1992.
6. Probabilistic Reliability- an engineering approach- M. L. Shooman, McGraw Hill Book
Company, 1968.

EE/PG242 POWER QUALITY ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT (ELECTIVE-II)

3104

INTRODUCTION: Power quality and its importance, transients, long duration voltage
variations, short durations, voltage variations, waveform distortions, voltage fluctuations,
power frequency variations.
VOLTAGE SAGS AND INTERRUPTIONS: Sources of sags and interruptions, Estimating
voltage sag performance, mitigation of voltage sags: active series compensators, Static
transfer switches and fast transfer switches, solution at the end user level and their economic
implications.
TRANSIENTS OVERVOLTAGE: Source of transients overvoltage, principles of
overvoltage protection, devices for overvoltage protection
HARMONICS: Harmonic distortions, sources of harmonics and their locations, effects of
harmonics Harmonic distortion evaluation - devices for controlling harmonic distortion -
passive and active filters. IEEE standards.
LONG DURATION VOLTAGE VARIATIONS: principles of regulating the voltage,
devices for voltage regulation
POWER QUALITY BENCHMARKING: Benchmarking processes, RMS voltage
variation indices, harmonic indices, Power Quality State Estimator (PQSE)
POWER QUALITY MONITORING: Monitoring considerations - monitoring and
diagnostic techniques for various power quality problems - modeling of power quality
(harmonics and voltage sag) problems by mathematical simulation tools - power line
disturbance analyzer – Quality measurement, equipment - harmonic / spectrum analyzer -
flicker meters - disturbance analyzer, Applications of expert systems for power quality
monitoring

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Roger. C. Dugan, Mark. F. Mc Granagham, Surya Santoso, H.WayneBeaty, ‘Electrical
Power Systems Quality’ McGraw Hill,2003.(For Chapters1,2,3, 4 and 5)

EE845.1 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING (ELECTIVE-II)


3104

INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS: Classification of Digital


Signals and Digital Systems. Concept of frequency in Discrete Time Signals. Nyquist’s
Sampling Theorem. Creation of Discrete Time Signals by sampling. ADC & DAC.
Quantization and Coding, Quantization Noise and Quantizers. Representation of Discrete
Time Signals, Set Representation, Function Representation, Graph Representation, Table
Representation. Representation of Discrete Time Systems, Block Diagram Representation,
Representation by Difference Equation.Implementation Structures of Discrete Time Systems,
Form-I and Form-II Structures.

PROCESSING OF DISCRETE TIME SIGNALS: Convolution Process of Discrete Time


Signals. LTI System, Convolution Sum, Properties of Convolution Function, Causality and
Stability. Conditions of Time Invariance and Stability of Discrete Time Systems represented
by Difference Equation. Correlation Function of Discrete Time Signals. Applications of
Correlation Process, Autocorrelation, Cross Correlation, Input-Output Correlation. Properties
of Correlation Function.

Z-TRANSFORM AND IT’S APPLICATION IN ANALYSIS OF DISCRETE TIME


LTI SYSTEMS: Direct z-transform, Inverse z-transform, Properties of z-transform, ROC,
System Function, Poles & Zeroes, Convolution using z-transform. Analysis of LTI Systems
in z-Domain, Transient response and Steady State Response, Conditions of causality and
Stability in z-Domain. Solution of Difference Equation in in z-Domain.
FREQUENCY DOMAIN ANALYSIS OF DISCRETE TIME SIGNALS AND
SYSTEMS: Fourier series representation of Periodic Discrete Time Signals. Fourier
Transform of Discrete Time Signals. Relationship between Fourier Transform and z-
Transform. Properties of Fourier Transform of Discrete time Signals. Frequency response of
LTI Systems. Input-Output Correlation of LTI systems and Spectrum at the output. LTI
Systems as Filters. Frequency Domain Sampling and DFT. Properties of DFT. Linear Filters
using DFT. DCT. FFT Algorithms and Applications.

DIGITAL FILTERS: IIR Systems, Structure of IIR Systems. FIR Systems, Structure of FIR
Systems. Design of IIR Systems, designing by Approximation of Derivatives, designing by
Impulse Invariance, Designing by Bilinear transformation. Design of FIR Systems, designing
by Window Method, Designing by Frequency-Sampling Method. Design of Optimum
Equiripple Linear Phase FIR Filter. Design of FIR Differentiator. Design of Hilbert
Transformer. Introduction to Multi-rate Digital Signal Processing, Sampling Rate
Conversion, Filter Structures, Multistage Decimator and Interpolators, Digital Filter Banks

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Digital Signal Processing : By : Proakis&Manolakis : Pearson.
2. Digital Signal Processing: By: Salivahanan, Vallavaraj and Gnanapriya: TMH

EE845.2 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (ELECTIVE II)


3104

HUMAN VISUAL SYSTEM AND IMAGE PERCEPTION: Monochrome and colour


vision models; Image acquisition and display; Video I/O devices; Standard video formats;
Image digitization; display and storage; 2D signals and systems

IMAGE TRANSFORMS: 2D, DFT, DCT, Harr transform

IMAGE ENHANCEMENT: Some simple intensity transformations, Histogram processing;


Image subtraction; Image averaging

SPATIAL FILTERING: Background; Smoothing filters; Sharpening filters.

IMAGE RESTORATION: Degradation Model; Inverse filtering; Least mean square


(Wiener) Filter.

IMAGE COMPRESSION: Lossy Compression; Lossless Compression.

IMAGE SEGMENTATION: Detection of discontinuities; Edge linking and Boundary


Detection; Thresholding;

REPRESENTATION AND DESCRIPTION: Representation schemes; Boundary


descriptors; Regional descriptors; Morphology.

APPLICATIONS OF DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES:
1. Funndamentals of Digital Image Processing, A.K.Jain, Pearson Education.
2. Digital Image Processing, R.C.Gonzalez&R.E.Woods, Perason Education.
3. Digital Image Processing with MATLAB, R.C.Gonzalez&R.E.Woods, S.L.Eddins,
Pearson Education.

EE845.3 ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (ELECTIVE-II)

3104
PROPAGATION IMPAIRMENTS AT MICROWAVE AND MILLIMETER WAVE
BANDS: Attenuation, depolarization, scintillation, frequency management, System planning,
Link budget, Link design for LOS and earth space paths.

MICRO STRIP PATCH ANTENNAS: Basic configuration and advantages, radiation


mechanism, basic characteristics and feeding techniques, broadbanding techniques,
microstrip arrays,
Active integrated antennas-active devices and passive elements. Optical communication
IM/DD, S/N ratio and BER, Power penalty,

WDM: System requirements, MUX/DEMUX Devices, Fiber optic subscribe loop, coherent
optical communication, optical amplifiers, fiber nonlinearities, soliton propagation, photonic
switching. Guided and unguided propagation, optical transmitters and receivers, direct
detection based systems, Receiver noise projess and statistics, digital & analog fiber optic
links, free space optical links, Fiber optic LAN, Elements of coherent optical communication
systems.

TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES :
1. Advanced Optical Communications Systems And Networks --MiloradCvijetic& Ivan B.
Djordjevic -- Asian Books Pvt. Ltd.
2. Fiber-Optic Communication Systems Hardcover Govind P. Agrawal - Willey