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FOURTH GENERATION MOBILE

TECHNOLOGY

Guided by:- Presented by:-


Mr.Tushar Gohil Pratik.K.Bagadia
INTRODUCTION
 The approaching 4G mobile communication
systems are projected to solve still-remaining
problems of 3G systems.
 One of the terms used to describe 4G is MAGIC
—Mobile multimedia, Anytime anywhere, Global
mobility support, Integrated wireless solution, and
Customized personal service.
 The features of 4G systems might be summarized
with one word—integration.
 The 4G systems are about seamlessly integrating
terminals, networks, and applications.
OTHER GENERATIONS
FOURTH GENERATION

 4G is only a concept and not a technology.


 Higher bit-rates (20 Mbps)
 Wider bandwidths
 Cost effective
 Backward compatible
TECHNICAL OVERVIEW

 Home Location Register (HLR)


 Visitor Location Register (VLR)
 Packet switched network
 Wi-MAX (IEEE 802.16)
 IPv6
 OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division
Multiplexing)
 Base-stations
HLR
 Home Location Register is a database that
contains details of each mobile phone user.
 Precisely it stores details of SIM card issued
by the mobile phone operator.
 It provides routing information of calls and
SMS.
 The subscribers information are passed to
the respective VLR and also removes that
data when the user is out of that particular
location.
VLR
 The Visitor Location Register is a
temporary database of the subscribers who
have roamed into the particular area which
it serves.
 Each Base Station in the network is served
by exactly one VLR, hence a subscriber
cannot be present in more than one VLR at
a time.
VLR
 It informs the HLR that the user has
entered in its area and request the HLR to
send the data of that user.
 Its allows or disallows the services that the
user can access.
 Allocates roaming numbers during the
process of incoming calls.
 Deletes the subscriber record when a
subscriber explicitly moves to another, as
instructed by the HLR.
Packet Switched Networks

 Data are transmitted in discrete units of


potentially variable length blocks called
Packets
 Max length is established by the network.
 Basically 2 types in packet switching
-Datagram.
-Virtual circuit.
WiMAX
 Operates similar to Wi-Fi
-But at higher speed
-Over greater distance

 IEEE802.16
-Range is around 50km from base stations
-line of sight not needed
-Frequency bands 2 to 11GHz and 10 to 66GHz
-Licensed or unlicensed bands
IPv6

 Internet Protocol version 6 is a network


layer protocol for packet-switched
internetworks.
 It is designated as the successor of IPv4
 It is able to support 2^128 addresses much
bigger than 2^32 provided by IPv4.
OFDM Technology
 Orthogonal Frequency Division
Multiplexing is a technique for transmitting
large amount of digital data.
 The data is orthogonally over-lapped in
such a way that it is not affecting the other
data.
 This also reduces the cross talk over single
transmission
ENHANCED FEATURES

 Virtual presence
 MMS
 Web-Browsing
 Global Roaming
CONCLUSION

After the launch of 4G mobiles in the


market, it will have a strong influence on
the future technology choices. Thus, 4G
will be a vision that will affordably provide
high data-rates everywhere over a wireless
network.
THANK YOU!!!