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ANIMAL CHARACTERISTCS.

Choose the correct answers.


1. All animals are unicelular/ multicelular.
2. All abimals are autotrophic/ heterotrophic.
What ado animals have in common?

Body organisaton Symetry Interction

 ___________________. Most animals have symetrical bodies. This means that


the body parts are the same in both sides of the animal.
 ___________________________________________. Most animals have
organs and systems. These help them to perform the vital sunctions.
 _________________________. All animals interact with their enviroment
usingthe sense organs connectes to their nervous system. The sense organs are
located in the body.

Match the sentence halves.

1. Tissues are made up of a. tissues


2. Systems are made up of b. cells
3. Organs are made up of c. organs

Fish Shell skeleton amphibians mammals


trunk backbone exoskeleton head
oviparous bones birds extremities

We can classify animals into __________________ and _______________________.

 Vertebrates have ___________________. They also have an internal


______________ made up of hard ______________. Their bodies have
_______________, a _____________ and ________________________.
There are ___ groups of vertebrates: ______________, ________________,
_______________, reptiles and _______________________.
 Invertebrates do not have a __________________ ora n internal bone
_______________. Some invertebrates have a hard _____________or
_________________ to protect their body organs.
Most invertebrates are ___________________.

Find the animals that are not vertebrates.


Amphibians birds fish insects
mammals molluscs reptiles sponges

Fish Lizard Snail Anemone

1. ________________ has an exoskeleton.


2. _____________ and _______________ have a backbone and bone skeleton.
3. ________________________ doesn´t have backbone, a bone skeleton ora n
exoskeleton.

What are the characteristics of fish?

Fins cartilaginous oviparous Carbon dioxide gills


capillaries steamlined oxygen Bony fish

Physical appearence.

The shape of the fish´s body and its body functions are adapted to life underwater. The
bodies of most fish are___________________. This means that they have shape that
moves easily through water. ________________ help the fish to change direction as
the swim. The fins push against the water and move the fish in the opposite direction.
Fish can move up and down, or forwards and backwards.

Body functions

Most fish are ___________________. Most fish lay eggs without shells. Fish breath
mianly through their __________________. Waterenters their mouths and exists
through their gills. During this process, the water passes over _______________ in the
gills. The capillaries absorb ______________ and release
__________________________________________.

TYPES

 ___________________ have a skeleton made of hasr bones.


 __________________ fish have skeleton made of softer and more flexible
bones.

Sorte the sentences below into two categories:

Bony fish and cartilaginous fish.

The mouth is under the face. The mouth is at the front of the face.

Flaps cover the gills. The gills are not cevered.

Make two sentences about amphibians.

1. Adult amphibians live a. underwater.


2. Most Young amphibians live b. mainly on the land.

CHACARCTERISTICS OF AMPHIBIANS

Damp soil underwater shells gills


Damp skin oviparous water water
land lungs tongues

Physical appearance.

Amphibians change during thir life cycle. Most Young amphibians live
_________________ and have ____________. They develop ___________ as they
grow. Some adult amphibians use both lungs and gills. Adult amphibians can also
obtain oxygen through their ________________________________.
Body functions.

Almost all amphibians are ___________________. Their eggs do not have


________________. They lay them in ____________________ or in
______________________________. Adult amphibians are _____________ animals,
but they also spend time in the ______________. This keeps their skin damp.
Amphibians have long _______________ for catching insects.

There are two main groups of amphibians.

Urodela Anura

 ________________ have strong back legs that are longer tan the front leg. This
helps hem to jump and swim.
 _________________ have four legs of the same length and a long tail.

Are these amphibians anura or urodela?

Toad ________ salamander ________ frog _______

Name a reptile

1. With four legs and no shell _________________________


2. With four legs and Shell _________________________

CHARACTERISTICS OF REPTILES

Physical appearance.

short tails claws scales


legs slithers shells snakes

Most reptiles have _________________ and four ___________. Each leg have five
_____________. Their legs are _____________, so they drag their bodies along the
ground when they move. ________________ don´t have legs. They have a
_____________ body that ______________ from side to side. Some reptiles have
_____________. Most reptiles have a thick skin that stops them from drying out.
Snakes and lizards have _______________.

Body functions.

oviparous shell land dry

Most reptiles are ______________animals. They breathe with


their_________________. They are ______________. Their eggs have __________ and
they lay them on ___________ land. Many reptiles sprend a lot of time underwater.

Types

testudines crocodilia squamata

There are three main types of reptiles.

 _____________________________, resptiles with scales and long tongues.


They swallow their prey whole.
 ___________________________, resptiles with shells.
 __________________________, reptiles with strong jaws and teeth.

Write the types

Crocodile ______________ turtle ______________

Snake __________________ Lizard _________________


CHARACTERISTICS OF BIRDS.

Physical appearance.

wings bones light temperature feathers eyesight

The body of a bird is adapted to make it ______________. Two of its extremities are
______________. A bird´s __________________ are hollow, so they weigh less A
bird´s body is covered with __________________. These help to control its body
__________________. They can attact a mate. Birds have small heads and beaks. They
have very good _____________________.

Body functions.

shell land oviparous sacs efficiently lungs

All birds are __________________. They lay eggs with __________________.

Birds are ______________ animals. They breathe with their ______________.

They have air _____________ connected to the lungs thet help them use oxygen more
____________________.

Types.

flightless flying

Most species are _____________ birds. They have large sternum, or chest bone. This
supports the muscles needed for flying.

Some species, like ostriches and penguins, are __________________ birds.

1. What is the purpose of a bird´s air sacs?


CHARACTERISTICS OF MAMMALS.

Physucal appearance.

tail move fly limbs fur fins


hair swim walk wings Run climb

Mammals look different depending on how they____________________. Mammals


with four _________________ and a ___________ can____________, _____________
or ___________________. They are usually covered in ___________ or ___________.
Bats have _________and can ____________. Some mammals have __________ and
tail. They _______________ underwater but come up to the Surface to brathe.
Humans are mammals. We have four extrimities and no tail.

Body functions.

viviparous monotremes marsupial Placental milk lungs


mammals

All mammals breathe with their _____________. Most mammls are _______________.
All female mammals produce ___________ to feed their young. Mammals have
different types of teeth depending on their diet.

Types.

Mammals are classified by how offspring devlop.

_______________________________ are the largest group. The offspring form inside


the uterus of the female. An organ called the placenta provid its nourishment.

________________________ lay eggs. They are mammls because the females


produces milk to feed her Young after tey hatch.

________________ mammals have offspring thet is not fully developed. Itcontinues to


develop inside a pouch in the mother´s skin
All mammals Most mammals Few mammals
Breathe with lungs
Produce milk for
their young
Have four
extremities
Have fins
Have wing
Are viviparous
Are oviparous

Complete the sentences with No or Some

______________ invertebrates have a backbone.

_________________ invetebrates have an exoskeleton.

IVERTEBRATES CLASSIFIED

backbone cnidaria echinoderms six


porifera annelid Bone skeleton Don´t

Invertebrates __________ have a ________________________ or a __________


______________. There ____ types of invertebrates. The four most simple ones are
below.

 __________________ are aquatic sponges. They have pores tht filter water.
They use the nutrients and oxygen in the water.
 ____________________ are aquatic organisms like jellyfish, anemones and
coral. Some cnidaria use their poisonous tentacles to tap other animals as food.
 __________________ can be aquatic organisms on land organisms. They
absorb oxygen through their skin. Their long bodies are divided into rings.
 __________________ are aquatic organisms without a head, such as urchins
and starfish. Their tentacles allow them to move, feed and breathe.
Habitat Physical Example
appearance
Porifera

Cnidaria

Annelids

Echinoderms

Sea urchin anemone sponge worm


CHARACTERISTICS OF MOLLUSCS.
Molluscs can live on land or in water. Many species have a hard Shell.
Body functions.
cavity gastopodos cephalopods Gills gastropods

Aquatic molluscs have __________________ for obtaining oxygen. Land


molluscs have a respitarory ________________ inside their bodies. All molluscs
have an organ for movement. In some species, it is a simple foot. Other species
have tentacles.
Types.
 ______________________ can be aquatic animal sor land animals. They
have a flat foot moving. Some gastropods, like anails, have a Shell.
Others, like slugs, don´t have a Shell.
 ______________________ are aquatic animals. They have a Shell made
up of two parts. Thay have a single foot shaped like an axe. They use
this to dig into the sand.
 ______________________ are aquatic animals. Thay have a ring of
tentacles surrounding the mouth. They move and trap prey with their
tentacles. Some cephalopods have internal Shell.
Habitat Organ for movement
Gastropods

Bivalves

Cephalopods

1. Why do some molluscs have shells? ___________________________________


2. How do gastropods move?___________________________________________
3. Why do bivalves have a foot shaped like an axe?
_________________________________________________________________

Are these animals gasropods, bivalves or cephalopods?

1 slug __________________ 2. Squid _____________ 3. Whelk ______________

CHARACTERISTICS OF ARTHROPODS

Some arthropods live on land and other arthropods live in water

segmented head exoskeleton land water

Physical appearance.

Arthropods have and ______________ and _____________. They have a


_____________ body and several pair of legs.

Body functions.

_______________ arthropods have gills to brathe.

_______________ arthropodshave small tubes that open on the exterior of the


body. The tubes carry oxygen to the internel organs.
Types

Crustaceans Insects Arachnids Myriapods

We classify arthropods according to thei number of ________________.

 ________________ have eight legs. Examples are spiders and scorpions. They
have sense receptors called palps.
 __________________ have ten legs. Most species are aquatic. Expmles are
crabs and lobsters.
 _____________________ have a long body and many pairs of legs. Examples
aremilpides and sentipides.
 _____________________ have six legs. Many of them also have wings.
Examples are ants, bees and butterflies.

Arachnids Crustaceans Myriapods Insects


Simple/
compound
eyes
Antennae/ no
antennae
Wing/ no wings
Palps/ no palps
Number of legs

Define

HERBIVORE; ______________________________________________________

CARNIVORE; ______________________________________________________

AUTOTROPHIC; _____________________________________________________

HETEROTROPHIC; _____________________________________________________
FEEDING RELATIONSHIPS

All living organisms need __________________ to stay alive. They obtain this
nutrients from their _________________________. The way organisms in a
particular place interact in ordr to obtain their nutrients is called a
______________________ ___________________.

 _________________ are autrophic organisms. Most produce their nutrients


trough __________________. Their surroundings provide the
____________, __________________, _______________ ______________
and __________________ necessary for this process.

Consumers

We classify heterotrophic animals by the ___________ they eat.

______________________ feed on plants.

______________________ feed on other consumers.

______________________ feed on producers, consumers and descomposers.

___________________

They obtain their nutrients by descomposing the remains of other living organisms.
They feed on dead plants, animal wast and animal carcasses. In the process of
descomposition, _______________, ___________________ and _____________
________________ are released into the _____________, __________________ or
___________________.

Draw a diagram to show the feeding relationship between these living organism in a
forest.

Grass trees rabbits foxes bears mushrooms

Choose a type of invertebrate from the box. Give an example

Bivalves caphalopods cnidarians echinoderms gastropods


poriferas
List the physical similarities and differences between the animals.

1. Salamander 2. Toad 3. Ostrich 4. Swallow 5. Crocodile 6. Lizard


7. Grasshopper 8. Crab

How do these invertebrates obtain oxygen?

1.Aquatic arthropods 2. Land arthropods 3 poriferas 4. Annelids


5.Echinoderms

Name two characteristics for eac group.

1. Mammals 2 birds 3. Amphibians 4. Insects

How do these mammals reproduce? NAme an animal for each category.

1.Placental mammals 2. Marsupials 3. Monotremes

Give an example for each one.

1. An insect with antennae and wing.


2. A fish a cartilaginous skeleton.
3. A reptile with scales and four legs.