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MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

A virtual test procedure to replace the classical testshop

Machine geometry Physical properties
Machine
geometry
Physical
properties
Machine geometry Physical properties Characteristic quantities Reactances and time constants

Characteristic

quantities

Reactances and time constants

Research project financed by CTI, Alstom and Electriciens Romands

project financed by CTI, Alstom and Electriciens Romands Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

by CTI, Alstom and Electriciens Romands Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Structure of the virtual test procedure

Geometrical

parameters

Physical

properties

Coupled

circuits

StepStep 11

2D FEM:

Short-circuit test Standstill frequency response test Other tests
Short-circuit
test
Standstill
frequency
response
test
Other
tests

Step 2

Standstill frequency response test Other tests Step 2 Equivalent diagram calculation Step 3 Swiss Federal

Equivalent

diagram

calculation

Step 3

tests Step 2 Equivalent diagram calculation Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

2 Equivalent diagram calculation Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

View of conductors, iron and sliding band mesh

MACHINES View of conductors, iron and sliding band mesh Step 1 Detail of rotor tooth and

Step 1

Detail of rotor tooth and damper bar mesh

band mesh Step 1 Detail of rotor tooth and damper bar mesh Swiss Federal Institute of

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

1 Detail of rotor tooth and damper bar mesh Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Structure of the virtual test procedure

2D FEM:

Short-circuit

test

Standstill

frequency

response

test

Other

tests

2D FEM: Short-circuit test Standstill frequency response test Other tests Step Step 2 2
2D FEM: Short-circuit test Standstill frequency response test Other tests Step Step 2 2

StepStep 22

response test Other tests Step Step 2 2 Geometrical parameters Physical properties Coupled
Geometrical parameters Physical properties Coupled circuits
Geometrical
parameters
Physical
properties
Coupled
circuits

Equivalent

diagram

calculation

Step 1

Step 3

circuits Equivalent diagram calculation Step 1 Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

diagram calculation Step 1 Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Magnetic field distribution during no load short-circuit test

Step 2

field distribution during no load short-circuit test Step 2 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines
field distribution during no load short-circuit test Step 2 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

during no load short-circuit test Step 2 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Armature and excitation currents during no load short-circuit test

Step 2
Step 2
currents during no load short-circuit test Step 2 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

during no load short-circuit test Step 2 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Structure of the virtual test procedure

2D FEM: Short-circuit Geometrical test parameters Standstill Equivalent Physical frequency diagram properties
2D FEM:
Short-circuit
Geometrical
test
parameters
Standstill
Equivalent
Physical
frequency
diagram
properties
response
calculation
test
Coupled
circuits
Other
tests
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 3
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Analysis of the armature currents

Step 3

ELECTRICAL MACHINES Analysis of the armature currents Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines
ELECTRICAL MACHINES Analysis of the armature currents Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

Analysis of the armature currents Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Analysis of the armature currents

Step 3

ELECTRICAL MACHINES Analysis of the armature currents Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines
ELECTRICAL MACHINES Analysis of the armature currents Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

Analysis of the armature currents Step 3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

MEDIUM SIZED AND LARGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Reverse check of the field and armature currents

If [A] if [A] Numerical simulation of the same test 550 500 450 400 using
If [A]
if [A]
Numerical simulation of the same test
550
500
450
400
using the equivalent circuits obtained
from the virtual procedure (blue)
Comparison with the test results of the
virtual procedure (red)
350
300
250
200
Ia [A]
ia [A]
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Ms1.vis + iabc30%.vis
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Time [sec]
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Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines Laboratory (LME)

2 Time [sec] 5/ 24/ 00 Ms1.vis + iabc30%.vis Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Electrical Machines