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315SK Backhoe Loader

Diagnostic

OPERATION AND TEST MANUAL

Backhoe Loaders (T3/S3A) models 315SK (PIN: 1T0315SK**D229820-;


1T0315SK**C219607-)

TM12471 27 DEC 15 (ENGLISH)

For complete service information also see:


315SK Backhoe Loader (PIN: 1T0315SK_ _D229820-) (PIN:
TM12472
1T0315SK_ _C219607-)
JDLink (MTG) Technical Manual TM114519
PowerTech E 4.5 and 6.8L Diesel Engines Level 16 Electronic Fuel
CTM502
System With Denso HPCR
PowerTech 4.5L & 6.8L Diesel Engines Level 12 Electronic Fuel
CTM331
System With Stanadyne DE10 Pump
Super Caddy Oil Cleanup Procedure CTM310
120 Series Hydraulic Cylinders CTM120519
120 Series Hydraulic Cylinders CTM114319
125 Series Hydraulic Cylinders CTM109319
PowerTech 4.5L & 6.8L Diesel Engines Tier 1/Stage I, Tier 2/Stage II,
CTM104
Tier 3/Stage IIIA, Tier 3/Stage IIA Tier 3/Stage III, (Base Engine)
100 Series Hydraulic Cylinders CTM103519
COOLANT HEATER SERVICE MANUAL CTM10090X19

John Deere Construction and Forestry


Pinted by Belgreen
315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Table of contents
FOREWORD
MANUAL IDENTIFICATION—READ THIS FIRST!
Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION
Group 01 - Safety
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS
Group 10 - Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Group 20 - Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Group 30 - Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Group 40 - Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Group 50 - Auxiliary Valve Control (AVC) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Group 60 - Sealed Switch Module (SSM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
Section 9005 - OPERATIONAL CHECKOUT PROCEDURE
Group 10 - Operational Checkout Procedure
Section 9010 - ENGINE
Group 05 - Theory of Operation
Group 15 - Diagnostic Information
Group 20 - Adjustments
Group 25 - Tests
Section 9015 - ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Group 05 - System Information
Group 10 - System Diagrams
Group 15 - Sub-System Diagnostics
Group 16 - Monitor Operation
Group 20 - References
Section 9020 - POWER TRAIN
Group 05 - Theory of Operation
Group 15 - Diagnostic Information
Group 20 - Adjustments
Group 25 - Tests
Section 9025 - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
Group 05 - Theory of Operation
Group 15 - Diagnostic Information
Group 20 - Adjustments
Group 25 - Tests
Section 9031 - HEATING AND AIR CONDITIONING
Group 05 - Theory of Operation
Group 15 - Diagnostic Information
Group 25 - Tests

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<- Go to Global Table of contents 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Foreword
This manual is written for an experienced technician. Essential tools required in performing certain service work are identified
in this manual and are recommended for use.
Live with safety: Read the safety messages in the introduction of this manual and the cautions presented throughout the text
of the manual.

CAUTION:

This is the safety-alert symbol. When you see this symbol on the machine or in this manual, be alert to the potential for
personal injury.
Technical manuals are divided in two parts: repair and operation and tests. Repair sections tell how to repair the components.
Operation and tests sections help you identify the majority of routine failures quickly.
Information is organized in groups for the various components requiring service instruction. At the beginning of each group are
summary listings of all applicable essential tools, service equipment and tools, other materials needed to do the job, service
parts kits, specifications, wear tolerances, and torque values.
Technical Manuals are concise guides for specific machines. They are on-the-job guides containing only the vital information
needed for diagnosis, analysis, testing, and repair.
Fundamental service information is available from other sources covering basic theory of operation, fundamentals of
troubleshooting, general maintenance, and basic type of failures and their causes.

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315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Manual Identification—READ THIS FIRST!


IMPORTANT:
Use only supporting manuals designated for your specific machine. If incorrect manual is chosen,
improper service may occur. Verify product identification number (PIN) when choosing the correct
manual.

Choosing the Correct Supporting Manuals


John Deere backhoe loaders are available in different machine configurations based on the various markets into which they are
sold. Different supporting manuals exist for different machine configurations.
When necessary, product identification numbers are listed on the front covers of backhoe loader manuals. These numbers are
used to identify the correct supporting manual for your machine.
Product Identification Number

PIN Plate Location

Example of PIN Plate


LEGEND:
1 PIN Plate
2 17 Digit PIN
The product identification number (PIN) plate (1) is located on the left-side of machine on the loader frame. Each machine has
a 17 digit PIN (2) shown on PIN plate.

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GENERAL INFORMATION (g) by Belgreen v2.0

The PIN identifies the producing factory, machine model number, machine option, year of manufacture, engine emission level,
and machine serial number.

PIN Identification Table

17 Digit PIN Example

(3) (4) (5) (4) (6) (7) (8) (9)

1 T 0 3 1 5 S K C 2 1 9 6 0 7

(3)—World Code —Identifies location where machine is manufactured.


(4)—Machine Model Identifier —Identifies model number.
(5)—Machine Option Code —Identifies which major machine option is equipped. This digit will change from one
machine to another.
(6)—Check Letter —This is a random character assigned by the factory. This is not used in machine identification.
(7)—Manufacturing Year Code —Identifies year of machine manufacture.
(8)—Engine Emission Code —Represents engine emission certification.
(9)—Machine Serial Number —Identifies machine serial number. This digit will change from one machine to another.

The following is an example for a 315SK machine that meets Tier 2 and Stage II emission levels:

PIN Identification

1T0315SK_ _C219607

1T0 .......... World Code (manufacturing location)

1DW .......... Davenport Works

1T8 .......... Thibodaux Works

1T0 .......... Dubuque Works

315_K .......... Machine Model Identifier

S .......... Machine Option Code

X .......... Base Machine

S .......... Super Duty

E .......... Easy Power (EP)

T .......... Total Machine Control (TMC) Configuration

_ .......... Check Letter (variable)

_ .......... Manufacturing Year Code (variable)

C .......... 2012

D .......... 2013

E .......... 2014

F .......... 2015

G .......... 2016

C .......... Engine Emission Code

C .......... Tier 2 and Stage II

D .......... Tier 3 and Stage III A

E .......... Interim Tier 4 and Stage III B

F .......... Tier 4

G .......... Interim Tier 4 and Stage III A (19-56 kW)

219607 .......... Machine Serial Number

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315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION


Table of contents
Group 01 - Safety ..................................................................................................................................... 1
Recognize Safety Information ............................................................................................................... 1
Follow Safety Instructions ..................................................................................................................... 1
Operate Only If Qualified ...................................................................................................................... 2
Wear Protective Equipment .................................................................................................................. 3
Avoid Unauthorized Machine Modifications .......................................................................................... 3
Inspect Machine ................................................................................................................................... 3
Stay Clear of Moving Parts ................................................................................................................... 4
Avoid High-Pressure Oils ...................................................................................................................... 4
Avoid High-Pressure Fluids ................................................................................................................... 5
Work In Ventilated Area ........................................................................................................................ 5
Prevent Fires ........................................................................................................................................ 6
Prevent Battery Explosions ................................................................................................................... 7
Handle Chemical Products Safely ......................................................................................................... 7
Decommissioning: Proper Recycling and Disposal of Fluids and Components ..................................... 7
Prepare for Emergencies ...................................................................................................................... 8
Use Steps and Handholds Correctly ..................................................................................................... 9
Start Only From Operator′s Seat ........................................................................................................... 9
Use and Maintain Seat Belt .................................................................................................................. 9
Prevent Unintended Machine Movement .............................................................................................. 9
Prevent Unintended Machine Movement—If Equipped With Pilot Controls ......................................... 10
Avoid Work Site Hazards .................................................................................................................... 10
Keep Riders Off Machine .................................................................................................................... 11
Avoid Backover Accidents .................................................................................................................. 12
Avoid Machine Tipover ....................................................................................................................... 13
Add and Operate Attachments Safely ................................................................................................ 13
Use Special Care When Operating ...................................................................................................... 13
Operating or Traveling On Public Roads ............................................................................................. 14
Inspect and Maintain ROPS ................................................................................................................. 15
Park and Prepare for Service Safely ................................................................................................... 15
Service Cooling System Safely ........................................................................................................... 16
Remove Paint Before Welding or Heating ........................................................................................... 16
Make Welding Repairs Safely ............................................................................................................. 17
Drive Metal Pins Safely ....................................................................................................................... 17
Service Tires Safely ............................................................................................................................ 18

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Group 01 - Safety
Recognize Safety Information

Safety alert Symbols

Safety Alert Symbols

This is the safety alert symbol. When you see this symbol on your machine or in this manual, be alert for the
potential of personal injury.
Follow the precautions and safe operating practices highlighted by this symbol.
A signal word — DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION — is used with the safety alert symbol. DANGER identifies the most serious
hazards.
On your machine, DANGER signs are red in color, WARNING signs are orange, and CAUTION signs are yellow. DANGER and
WARNING signs are located near specific hazards. General precautions are on CAUTION labels.

Follow Safety Instructions

Safety Messages

Carefully read all safety messages in this manual and on your machine safety signs. Keep safety signs in good condition.
Replace missing or damaged safety signs. Use this operator’s manual for correct safety sign placement. Be sure that new
equipment components and repair parts include the current safety signs. Replacement safety signs are available from your
John Deere dealer.

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

There can be additional safety information contained on parts and components sourced from suppliers that is not reproduced in
this operator′s manual.
Learn how to operate the machine and how to use controls properly. Do not let anyone operate without instruction.
Keep your machine in proper working condition. Unauthorized modifications to the machine could impair the function or safety
and affect machine life.
If you do not understand any part of this manual and need assistance, contact your John Deere dealer.

Operate Only If Qualified


Do not operate this machine unless the operator′s manual has been read carefully, and you have been qualified by supervised
training and instruction.
Operator should be familiar with the job site and surroundings before operating. Try all controls and machine functions with the
machine in an open area before starting to work.
Know and observe all safety rules that may apply to every work situation and work site.

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Wear Protective Equipment

Protective Clothing

Guard against injury from flying pieces or metal or debris; wear goggles or safety glasses.
Wear close fitting clothing and safety equipment appropriate to the job.
Operating equipment safely requires the full attention of the operator. Do not wear radio or music headphones while operating
machine.
Prolonged exposure to loud noise can cause impairment or loss of hearing. Wear suitable hearing protection such as earmuffs
or earplugs to protect against objectionable or uncomfortable loud noises. Radio or music headphones are not suitable to use
for hearing protection.

Avoid Unauthorized Machine Modifications


John Deere recommends using only genuine John Deere replacement parts to ensure machine performance. Never substitute
genuine John Deere parts with alternate parts not intended for the application as these can create hazardous situations or
hazardous performance. Non-John Deere parts, or any damage or malfunctions resulting from their use, are not covered by any
John Deere warranty.
Modifications of this machine, or addition of unapproved products or attachments, may affect machine stability or reliability,
and may create a hazard for the operator or others near the machine. The installer of any modification which may affect the
electronic controls of this machine is responsible for establishing that the modification does not adversely affect the machine or
its performance.
Always contact an authorized dealer before making machine modifications that change the intended use, weight or balance of
the machine, or that alter machine controls, performance, or reliability.

Inspect Machine

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Inspect Machine

Inspect machine carefully each day by walking around it before starting.


Keep all guards and shields in good condition and properly installed. Fix damage and replace worn or broken parts
immediately. Pay special attention to hydraulic hoses and electrical wiring.

Stay Clear of Moving Parts

Stay Clear of Moving Parts

Entanglements in moving parts can cause serious injury.


Stop engine before examining, adjusting, or maintaining any part of machine with moving parts.
Keep guards and shields in place. Replace any guard or shield that has been removed for access as soon as service or repair is
complete.

Avoid High-Pressure Oils

Avoid High Pressure Oils

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Avoid High-Pressure Oils

This machine uses a high-pressure hydraulic system. Escaping oil under pressure can penetrate the skin causing serious injury.
Never search for leaks with your hands. Protect hands. Use a piece of cardboard to find location of escaping oil. Stop
engine and relieve pressure before disconnecting lines or working on hydraulic system.
If hydraulic oil penetrates your skin, see a doctor immediately. Injected oil must be removed surgically within
hours or gangrene could result. Contact a knowledgeable medical source or the Deere & Company Medical Department in
Moline, Illinois, U.S.A.

Avoid High-Pressure Fluids

High Pressure

Inspect hydraulic hoses periodically – at least once per year – for leakage, kinking, cuts, cracks, abrasion, blisters, corrosion,
exposed wire braid or any other signs of wear or damage.
Replace worn or damaged hose assemblies immediately with John Deere approved replacement parts.
Escaping fluid under pressure can penetrate the skin causing serious injury.
Avoid the hazard by relieving pressure before disconnecting hydraulic or other lines. Tighten all connections before applying
pressure.
Search for leaks with a piece of cardboard. Protect hands and body from high-pressure fluids.
If an accident occurs, see a doctor immediately. Any fluid injected into the skin must be surgically removed within a few hours
or gangrene may result. Doctors unfamiliar with this type of injury should reference a knowledgeable medical source. Such
information is available in English from Deere & Company Medical Department in Moline, Illinois, U.S.A., by calling
1-800-822-8262 or +1 309-748-5636.

Work In Ventilated Area

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Engine exhaust fumes

Engine exhaust fumes can cause sickness or death. If it is necessary to run an engine in an enclosed area, remove the exhaust
fumes from the area with an exhaust pipe extension.
If you do not have an exhaust pipe extension, open the doors and get outside air into the area.

Prevent Fires

Handle Fuel Safely

Clean Machine Regularly

Carry A Fire Extinguisher

Handle Fuel Safely: Store flammable fluids away from fire hazards. Never refuel machine while smoking or when near sparks
or flame.
Clean Machine Regularly: Keep trash, debris, grease and oil from accumulating in engine compartment, around fuel lines,
hydraulic lines, exhaust components, and electrical wiring. Never store oily rags or flammable materials inside a machine
compartment.
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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Maintain Hoses and Wiring: Replace hydraulic hoses immediately if they begin to leak, and clean up any oil spills. Examine
electrical wiring and connectors frequently for damage.
Keep A Fire Extinguisher Available: Always keep a multipurpose fire extinguisher on or near the machine. Know how to use
extinguisher properly.

Prevent Battery Explosions

Battery Explosions

Keep sparks, lighted matches, and open flame away from the top of battery. Battery gas can explode.
Never check battery charge by placing a metal object across the posts. Use a volt-meter or hydrometer.
Do not charge a frozen battery; it may explode. Warm battery to 16°C (60°F).

Handle Chemical Products Safely

Material Safety Data Sheet

Direct exposure to hazardous chemicals can cause serious injury. Potentially hazardous chemicals used with John Deere
equipment include such items as lubricants, coolants, paints, and adhesives.
A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) provides specific details on chemical products: physical and health hazards, safety
procedures, and emergency response techniques.
Check the MSDS before you start any job using a hazardous chemical. That way you will know exactly what the risks are and
how to do the job safely. Then follow procedures and recommended equipment.
(See your John Deere dealer for MSDS’s on chemical products used with John Deere equipment.)

Decommissioning: Proper Recycling and Disposal of Fluids and


Components

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Recycle Waste

Safety and environmental stewardship measures must be taken into account when decommissioning a machine and/or
component. These measures include the following:

Use appropriate tools and personal protective equipment such as clothing, gloves, face shields or glasses, during the
removal or handling of objects and materials.
Follow instructions for specialized components.
Release stored energy by lowering suspended machine elements, relaxing springs, disconnecting the battery or other
electrical power, and releasing pressure in hydraulic components, accumulators, and other similar systems.
Minimize exposure to components which may have residue from agricultural chemicals, such as fertilizers and pesticides.
Handle and dispose of these components appropriately.
Carefully drain engines, fuel tanks, radiators, hydraulic cylinders, reservoirs, and lines before recycling components. Use
leak-proof containers when draining fluids. Do not use food or beverage containers.
Do not pour waste fluids onto the ground, down a drain, or into any water source.
Observe all national, state, and local laws, regulations, or ordinances governing the handling or disposal of waste fluids
(example: oil, fuel, coolant, brake fluid); filters; batteries; and, other substances or parts. Burning of flammable fluids or
components in other than specially designed incinerators may be prohibited by law and could result in exposure to
harmful fumes or ashes.
Service and dispose of air conditioning systems appropriately. Government regulations may require a certified service
center to recover and recycle air conditioning refrigerants which could damage the atmosphere if allowed to escape.
Evaluate recycling options for tires, metal, plastic, glass, rubber, and electronic components which may be recyclable, in
part or completely.
Contact your local environmental or recycling center, or your John Deere dealer for information on the proper way to
recycle or dispose of waste.

Prepare for Emergencies

First Aid Kit

Be prepared if a fire starts.


Keep a first aid kit and fire extinguisher handy.

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Keep emergency numbers for doctors, ambulance service, hospital, and fire department near your telephone.

Use Steps and Handholds Correctly

Use Handholds And Steps

Prevent falls by facing the machine when you get on and off. Maintain 3-point contact with steps and handrails. Never use
machine controls as handholds.
Use extra care when mud, snow, or moisture present slippery conditions. Keep steps clean and free of grease or oil. Never
jump when exiting machine. Never mount or dismount a moving machine.

Start Only From Operator′s Seat

Operate Only From Operators Seat

Avoid unexpected machine movement. Start engine only while sitting in operator′s seat. Ensure that all controls and working
tools are in proper position for a parked machine.
Never attempt to start engine from the ground. Do not attempt to start engine by shorting across the starter solenoid
terminals.

Use and Maintain Seat Belt

Use and Maintain Seat Belt

Use seat belt when operating machine . Remember to fasten seat belt when loading and unloading from trucks and during
other uses.
Examine seat belt frequently. Be sure that webbing is not cut or torn. Replace seat belt immediately if any part is damaged or
does not function properly.
The complete seat belt assembly should be replaced every three years, regardless of appearance.

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Prevent Unintended Machine Movement


LEGEND:
1 Park Brake Switch

SSM

Always press park brake switch (1) on the sealed switch module (SSM) to engage park brake before leaving the
operator′s seat for any reason .
Be careful not to accidentally actuate steering, travel or other controls. Engage park brake and lower work equipment to the
ground during work interruptions. Stop the engine before allowing anyone to approach the machine. Follow proper parking
procedures before leaving the operator′s station.

Prevent Unintended Machine Movement—If Equipped With Pilot


Controls

Pilot Enable Switch

Be careful not to accidentally actuate control levers when co-workers are present. Always lock hydraulics on backhoe during
work interruptions. Lock hydraulics before allowing anyone to approach machine.

Avoid Work Site Hazards

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Avoid contact with gas lines

Avoid collapsing banks

Avoid contact with gas lines, buried cables and water lines. Call utility line location services to identify all
underground utilities before starting work.
Prepare work site properly . Avoid operating near structures or objects that could fall onto the machine. Clear away debris
that could move unexpectedly if run over.
Avoid boom or attachment contact with overhead obstacles or overhead electrical lines. Never move any part of
machine or load closer than 3 m (10 ft) plus twice the line insulator length to overhead wires.
Keep bystanders clear at all times. Keep bystanders away from raised booms, attachments, and unsupported loads. Avoid
swinging or raising booms, attachments, or loads over or near personnel. Use barricades or a signal person to keep vehicles
and pedestrians away. Use a signal person if moving machine in congested areas or where visibility is restricted. Always keep
signal person in view. Coordinate hand signals before starting machine.
Operate only on solid footing with strength sufficient to support machine. Be especially alert working near embankments or
excavations.
Avoid working under over-hanging embankments or stockpiles that could collapse on machine.
Reduce machine speed when operating with tool on or near ground when obstacles may be hidden (e.g., during snow
removal or clearing mud, dirt, etc.). At high speeds hitting obstacles (rocks, uneven concrete or manholes) can cause a sudden
stop. Always wear your seat belt.

Keep Riders Off Machine

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Keep Riders Off

Only allow the operator on the machine. Keep riders off.


Riders on machine are subject to injury such as being struck by foreign objects and being thrown off of the machine. Riders
also obstruct the operator’s view resulting in the machine being operated in an unsafe manner.

Avoid Backover Accidents

Avoid Backover Accidents

Before moving machine, be sure that all persons are clear of machine path. Turn around and look directly for best
visibility. Use mirrors to assist in checking all around machine. Keep windows and mirrors clean, adjusted, and in good repair.
Be certain reverse warning alarm is working properly.
Use a signal person when backing if view is obstructed or when in close quarters. Keep signal person in view at all
times. Use prearranged hand signals to communicate.
Do not rely on the rear camera and radar object detection systems to determine if personnel are behind the machine. The
system has limitations due to maintenance practices, environmental conditions, and operating range.

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Avoid Machine Tipover

Avoid Machine Tipover

Use seat belt at all times.


Do not jump if the machine tips. You will be unlikely to jump clear and the machine may crush you.
Load and unload from trucks or trailers carefully. Be sure truck is wide enough and secured on a firm level surface. Use
loading ramps and attach them properly to truck bed.
Be careful on slopes. Use extra care on soft, rocky or frozen ground because machine may slip sideways in these conditions.
Ensure solid footing. Use extra care when operating on stockpile materials, or near banks or excavations that may cave-in
and cause machine to tip or fall.

Add and Operate Attachments Safely


Always verify compatibility of attachments by contacting your authorized dealer. Adding unapproved attachments could affect
machine stability or reliability and could create a hazard for others near the machine.
Ensure that a qualified person is involved in attachment installation. Add guards to machine if operator protection is required or
recommended. Verify that all connections are secure and attachment responds properly to controls.
Carefully read attachment manual and follow all instructions and warnings. In an area free of bystanders and obstructions,
carefully operate attachment to learn its characteristics and range of motion.

Use Special Care When Operating

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Man Falling From Bucket

Tipover

Never use the loader to lift people. Do not allow anyone to ride in the bucket or use the bucket as a work platform.
Operate carefully with raised loads. Raising the load reduces machine stability, especially on side slopes on soft terrain.
Drive and turn slowly with a raised load.
Ensure that objects in the bucket are secure. Do not attempt to lift or carry objects that are too big or too long to fit
inside the bucket unless secured with an adequate chain or other device. Keep bystanders away from raised loads.
Be careful when lifting objects. Never attempt to lift objects too heavy for your machine. Assure machine stability and
hydraulic capability with a test lift before attempting other maneuvers. Use an adequate chain or sling and proper rigging
techniques to attach and stabilize loads.
Never lift an object above or near another person.

Operating or Traveling On Public Roads

Operating or Traveling On Public Roads

Machines that work near vehicle traffic or travel slower than normal highway speeds must have proper lighting and markings to
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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

assure they are visible to other drivers.


Install additional lights, beacon lights, slow moving vehicle (SMV) emblems, or other devices and use as required to make the
machine visible and identify it as a work machine. Check state and local regulations to assure compliance. Keep these devices
clean and in working condition.

Inspect and Maintain ROPS


A damaged rollover protective structure (ROPS) should be replaced, not reused.
The protection offered by ROPS could be impaired if ROPS is subjected to structural damage, is involved in an overturn
incident, or is in any way altered by welding, bending, drilling, or cutting.
If ROPS was loosened or removed for any reason, inspect it carefully before operating the machine again.
To maintain the ROPS:

Replace missing hardware using correct grade hardware.


Check hardware torque.
Check isolation mounts for damage, looseness, or wear; replace them if necessary.
Check ROPS for cracks or physical damage.

Park and Prepare for Service Safely

Do Not Operate Tag

Support Machine Properly

Warn others of service work. Always park and prepare your machine for service or repair properly.

Park machine on a level surface and lower equipment to the ground.


Engage park brake.
Stop engine and remove key.
Attach a “Do Not Operate” tag in an obvious place in the operator′s station.

Securely support machine or attachment before working under it.

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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Do not support machine with any hydraulically actuated tools or attachments.


Do not support machine with cinder blocks or wooden pieces that may crumble or crush.
Do not support machine with a single jack or other devices that may slip out of place.
Always install boom lock before working on or around this machine with the loader boom raised.

Understand service procedures before beginning repairs. Keep service area clean and dry. Use two people whenever the
engine must be running for service work.

Service Cooling System Safely

Cooling System

Explosive release of fluids from pressurized cooling system can cause serious burns.
Do not service radiator through the radiator cap. Only fill through the surge tank filler cap. Shut off engine. Only remove surge
tank filler cap when cool enough to touch with bare hands. Slowly loosen cap to relieve pressure before removing completely.

Remove Paint Before Welding or Heating

Toxic Fumes

Avoid potentially toxic fumes and dust.


Hazardous fumes can be generated when paint is heated by welding, soldering, or using a torch.
Remove paint before heating:

Remove paint a minimum of 100 mm (4 in.) from area to be affected by heating. If paint cannot be removed, wear an
approved respirator before heating or welding.
If you sand or grind paint, avoid breathing the dust. Wear an approved respirator.
If you use solvent or paint stripper, remove stripper with soap and water before welding. Remove solvent or paint stripper
containers and other flammable material from area. Allow fumes to disperse at least 15 minutes before welding or
heating.

Do not use a chlorinated solvent in areas where welding will take place.
Do all work in an area that is well ventilated to carry toxic fumes and dust away.
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Section 9000 - GENERAL INFORMATION Group 01: Safety

Dispose of paint and solvent properly.

Make Welding Repairs Safely

Heating Near Pressurized Fluid Lines

IMPORTANT:
Disable electrical power before welding. Turn off main battery switch and disconnect positive (+) and
negative (-) battery cables.

Do not weld or apply heat on any part of a reservoir or tank that has contained oil or fuel. Heat from welding and cutting can
cause oil, fuel, or cleaning solution to create gases which are explosive, flammable, or toxic.
Avoid welding or heating near pressurized fluid lines. Flammable spray may result and cause severe burns if pressurized lines
malfunction as a result of heating. Do not let heat go beyond work area to nearby pressurized lines.
Remove paint properly. Do not inhale paint dust or fumes. Use a qualified welding technician for structural repairs. Make sure
there is good ventilation. Wear eye protection and protective equipment when welding.

Drive Metal Pins Safely

Hardened Metal Parts

Always wear protective goggles or safety glasses and other protective equipment before striking hardened parts. Hammering
hardened metal parts such as pins and bucket teeth could dislodge chips at high velocity.
Use a soft hammer or a brass bar between hammer and object to prevent chipping.

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DIAGNOSTICS (g) by Belgreen v2.0

Service Tires Safely

Explosive Tire and Rim Parts

Explosive separation of a tire and rim parts can cause serious injury or death.
Do not attempt to mount a tire unless you have the proper equipment and experience to perform the job.
Always maintain the correct tire pressure. Do not inflate the tires above the recommended pressure. Never weld or heat a
wheel and tire assembly. The heat can cause an increase in air pressure resulting in a tire explosion. Welding can structurally
weaken or deform the wheel.
When inflating tires, use a clip-on chuck and extension hose long enough to allow you to stand to one side and NOT in front of
or over the tire assembly. Use a safety cage if available.
Check wheels for low pressure, cuts, bubbles, damaged rims or missing lug bolts and nuts.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 18 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS


Table of contents
Group 10 - Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes .................................................... 1
Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ........................................................................... 1
Engine Speed Control Short Circuit Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................... 2
Engine Speed Control Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................... 4
Engine Speed Control Out of Range Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................... 5
Engine Speed Control Pedal Short Circuit Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................... 7
Engine Speed Control Pedal Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................... 9
Engine Speed Control Pedal Out of Range Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................... 10
Air Filter Restriction Switch Malfunction Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................... 12
Engine Overspeed Severely High Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................... 14
Engine Overspeed Moderately High Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................. 14
Invalid VIN Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................................ 16
Memory Error Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 16
Fuel Lift Pump Relay Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................ 18
Fuel Lift Pump Relay is Above Normal Operating Voltage Diagnostic Procedure ................................ 21
Starter Relay Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................... 23
Starter Relay Short Circuit Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................... 25
Power Shutdown Check ...................................................................................................................... 26
Controller Area Network (CAN) Communication Lost For Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic
Procedure .................................................................................................................................... 27
Can Communication Lost with VCU Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................. 28
Controller Area Network (CAN) Communication Lost For Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic
Procedure .................................................................................................................................... 29
Controller Area Network (CAN) Communication Lost For Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic
Procedure .................................................................................................................................... 29
Group 20 - Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ....................................... 31
Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ............................................................... 31
Fuel Level Sensor Open or Short Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 32
Fuel Level Sensor Short to Ground Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................... 35
Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 36
Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 38
Software Revision Mismatch Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................ 40
VIN Mismatch Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 40
VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 41
VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 42
Memory Error Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 43
000629.12 - Controller Fault ............................................................................................................... 43
Monitor Alarm Output Voltage Low Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................. 44
NO CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 45
No CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure—Tier 3 Engine .................................................................... 47
NO CAN From TCU Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 54
NO CAN From VCU Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 54
NO CAN From SSM Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 55
NO CAN From HVC Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 56
NO CAN From MTG Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 57
Fuel Level Sensor Open or Short Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 58
Fuel Level Sensor Short to Ground Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................... 61
Monitor Button Stuck Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................................................... 62
Group 30 - Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ....................................... 64
Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ............................................................... 64

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315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................................................................... 65


Trans Oil Temp Diagnostics Procedure ............................................................................................... 67
Trans Oil Temp Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 68
Transmission Speed Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 69
Transmission Speed Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 71
Transmission Speed Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 73
Transmission Speed Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 74
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................... 76
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................... 78
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................... 80
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................... 82
TCL Neutral SW Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 84
Park Brake Circuit Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 86
Park Brake Circuit Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 89
000629.12 - Controller Fault ............................................................................................................... 91
Y1 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 92
Y1 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 94
Y1 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 96
Y1 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 98
Y2 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 100
Y2 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 102
Y2 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 104
Y2 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 106
Y3 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 108
Y3 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 110
Y3 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 112
Y4 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 114
Y4 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 116
Y4 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 118
Y5 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 120
Y5 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 122
Y5 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 124
Y6 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 126
Y6 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 128
Y6 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 130
Differential Lock Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 132
Differential Lock Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 134
Differential Lock Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 136
Differential Lock Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 137
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 139
Brake Lights Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 141
Brake Lights Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 143
Brake Lights Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 145
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 147
Brake Light Switch Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 149
No CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure—Tier 3 Engine .................................................................. 151
NO CAN From SDM Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 158
No CAN From AVC Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 158
No CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 159
NO CAN From JSR Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 160
Brake Lights Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 161
Backup Lights Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 163
Backup Lights Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 165

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315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

MFWD Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 167


MWFD Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 169
MFWD Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 171
TCL Selector Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 173
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 175
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 177
Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 179
Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................................... 181
Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................................... 183
Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................................... 185
Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................................... 187
Reverse Alarm Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................... 190
Reverse Alarm Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................... 192
Park Brake Pressure Switch Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................... 194
Diff Lock Switch Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 196
Diff Lock Switch Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 198
Flexpower Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 199
Flexpower Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 200
Flexpower Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 200
Flexpower Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................................... 201
MFWD Switch Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 202
Clutch Disconnect Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 204
Clutch Disconnect Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 206
Clutch Disconnect Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 208
Clutch Disconnect Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 210
Group 40 - Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ............................................... 211
Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ...................................................................... 211
Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 211
Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 213
Software Incorrect Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 215
VIN Mismatch Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 215
VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 216
VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 217
Memory Error Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 217
Controller Fault Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 218
Starter Relay Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 219
Starter Relay Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................. 221
Starter Relay Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................. 223
Engine Shutdown Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 224
Starter Relay Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................. 226
Hydraulic Temperature Sensor Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 228
Hydraulic Temperature Sensor Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 230
Hydraulic Temperature Sensor Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 232
Hydraulic Oil Restriction Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................ 233
Hydraulic Pressure Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 235
Hydraulic Pressure Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 237
Hydraulic Pressure Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 240
Hydraulic Pressure Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 242
No CAN from SSM Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 244
No CAN from SSM Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 246
No CAN from HVC Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 248
EH Watchdog Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 250
Drive Lights Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 251

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315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Drive Lights Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 254


Drive Lights Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 256
Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 258
Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 261
Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 264
Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 266
Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 268
Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 271
Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 273
Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 275
Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 278
Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 280
Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 282
Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 285
Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 287
Side Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 289
Side Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 292
Left Flasher Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 294
Left Flasher Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 296
Left Flasher Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 299
Right Flasher Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 301
Right Flasher Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 303
Right Flasher Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 306
Marker Light Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 308
Marker Light Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 311
Marker Light Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 314
EH Horn Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................................... 317
EH Horn Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................................... 319
EH Horn Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................................... 321
Hazard Wakeup Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 323
Turn Signal Switch Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 325
Right Door Switch Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 327
Right Door Switch Diagnostic Procedure .......................................................................................... 329
Sensor Supply 1 Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 331
Sensor Supply 1 Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 333
Sensor Supply 2 Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 335
Sensor Supply 2 Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 337
Sensor Supply 3 Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 339
Sensor Supply 3 Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 341
Accessory Relay Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 343
Accessory Relay Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 345
Accessory Relay Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 347
Valve Power Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 349
Valve Power Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 351
Valve Power Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 353
Pilot Enable Switch Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 355
Pilot Enable Switch Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 357
Pilot Enable Driver Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 361
Pilot Enable Driver Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 363
Pilot Enable Driver Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 365
Pattern Select Driver Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................... 367
Pattern Select Driver Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................... 370
Pattern Select Driver Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................................... 372

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315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Loader Coupler Press Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................... 374


Loader Coupler Press Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................... 376
Loader Coupler Press Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................... 378
HVC Valve Power Diagnostic procedure ........................................................................................... 380
HVC Valve Power Diagnostic procedure ........................................................................................... 382
Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 384
Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 387
Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 391
Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 393
Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 395
Bucket Level Indicator Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................... 397
Rear Wiper Park Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 399
Rear Wiper Park Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 401
Front Wiper Park Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 403
Front Wiper Park Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................ 405
Rear Wiper Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................................... 407
Rear Wiper Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................................... 409
Rear Wiper Diagnostic Procedure ..................................................................................................... 411
Front Wiper Low Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 413
Front Wiper Low Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 415
Front Wiper Low Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 417
Front Wiper Hi Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 419
Front Wiper High Speed Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................. 421
Front Wiper High Speed Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................. 422
Loader Coupler Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 424
Loader Coupler Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 426
Loader Coupler Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 428
Front Washer Pump Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................................................... 430
Front Washer Pump Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................................................... 432
Front Washer Pump Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................................................... 434
Beacon Light Driver Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................................................... 436
Beacon Light Driver Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................................................... 438
Beacon Light Driver Diagnostic Procedure ....................................................................................... 440
Pump Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 442
Pump Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 444
Pump Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 446
Hydraulic Pump Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................. 448
Pump Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 450
Pump Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 451
Ride Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 452
Ride Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 454
Ride Control Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 456
Group 50 - Auxiliary Valve Control (AVC) Diagnostic Trouble Codes .......................................... 458
Auxiliary Valve Controller (AVC) Diagnostic Trouble Codes .............................................................. 458
Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 459
Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................................. 460
Software Incorrect Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 463
VIN Mismatch Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 463
VIN Mismatch Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 464
VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................... 466
000629.12 - Controller Fault ............................................................................................................. 467
Loader Auxiliary Roller Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................... 468
Loader Auxiliary Roller Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................... 470

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315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Loader Auxiliary Roller Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................... 472


Loader Auxiliary Roller Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................... 474
Left Joystick Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................... 475
Sensor Supply 1 Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 477
Sensor Supply 1 Diagnostic Procedure ............................................................................................. 479
CAN Bus Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................................... 481
CAN Bus Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................................... 482
Loader Auxiliary Pressure Drop Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 483
Loader Auxiliary Pressure Drop Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 485
Valve Power 2 Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 488
MFWD Switch Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 490
MFWD Switch Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................. 492
Loader Auxiliary Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................. 494
Loader Auxiliary Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................. 496
Loader Auxiliary Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................. 498
Loader Auxiliary Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................. 500
Loader Auxiliary Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................. 502
Loader Auxiliary Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................. 504
Loader Auxiliary Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................. 506
Loader Auxiliary Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure .............................................................................. 508
Selective Flow Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 510
Selective Flow Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 512
Selective Flow Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 514
Selective Flow Diagnostic Procedure ................................................................................................ 516
524204.03 - Loader Aux Switch ........................................................................................................ 517
524204.05 - Loader Aux Switch ........................................................................................................ 518
Group 60 - Sealed Switch Module (SSM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ........................................... 519
Sealed Switch Module (SSM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes ................................................................... 519
Watchdog Timeout Diagnostic Procedure ......................................................................................... 519
Ignition Relay Out Voltage Low Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 520
Ignition Relay Out Current Low Diagnostic Procedure ...................................................................... 522
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 523
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 523
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 524
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 525
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 525
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 526
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 527
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 527
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 528
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 529
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 529
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 530
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 531
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 531
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 532
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 533
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 533
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 534
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 535
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 535
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 536
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 537

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315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic (g) by Belgreen v2.1

Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 537


No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 538
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 539
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 539
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 540
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 541
Switch Stuck Diagnostic Procedure .................................................................................................. 541
No LED Response Diagnostic Procedure ........................................................................................... 542

<- Go to Global Table of contents 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic


Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Group 10 - Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes


Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
The diagnostic trouble code number is indicated by a suspect parameter number (SPN) and a failure mode indicator (FMI)
number. In the example 002047.09 , 002047 is the SPN and 09 is the FMI number.

Diagnostic trouble codes can be displayed using the standard display monitor (SDM) or by using Service ADVISOR ™ .
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Main Menu—Diagnostics—Codes . (Operator′s Manual.)
See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.)

Note: For in-depth diagnostics on all ECU diagnostic trouble codes, see specific code diagnostic procedure in this group.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 1 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000029.03- Hand Throttle


17
Engine speed control dial (B21) is above normal operating voltage.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Engine Speed Control Short Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Engine speed control dial (B21). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Engine harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.) Are connectors in good
condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect engine speed control dial (B21).
Measure resistance between pins A and B on speed control dial (B21).
Does resistance meet specification? See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Engine speed control dial (B21) malfunction. Replace engine speed control dial.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control dial (B21) disconnected.
Switched power ON.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 2 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Check for voltage at:

Pin A wire R051 BLK of engine speed dial connector for 0.0 V.
Pin B wire E021 WHT of engine speed dial connector for 0.0 V.
Pin C wire P051 RED of engine speed dial connector for 5 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Short to Power Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control dial (B21) disconnected.
Disconnect engine speed control pedal (B20).
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin A wire R051 BLK of engine speed dial connector for 0.0 V.
Pin B wire E021 WHT of engine speed dial connector for 0.0 V.
Pin C wire P051 RED of engine speed dial connector for 0.0 V.

Is voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control dial (B21) disconnected.
Engine speed control pedal (B20) disconnected.
ECU 48-pin connector (X42) disconnected.
Disconnect the following connectors:

Disconnect engine harness to cab/canopy harness connector (X20).


ECU 32-pin connector (X41) disconnected.

Check for continuity between:

Pin A3 wire P051 RED of ECU 48-pin connector and all other pins on ECU connectors (X41 and X42).
Pin C3 wire R051 BLK of ECU 48-pin connector and all other pins on ECU connectors (X41 and X42).
Pin F3 wire E021 WHT of ECU 48-pin connector and all other pins on ECU connectors (X41 and X42).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program ECU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 3 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000029.04- Hand Throttle


17
Engine speed control dial (B21) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Engine Speed Control Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Engine speed control dial (B21). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Engine harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.) Are connectors in good
condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect engine speed control dial (B21).
Measure resistance between pins A and B on speed control dial (B21).
Does resistance meet specification? See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Engine speed control dial (B21) malfunction. Replace engine speed control dial.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control dial (B21) disconnected.
Switched power ON.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 4 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Check pin C wire P051 RED of engine speed control dial (B21) connector for 5 V.
Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control dial (B21) disconnected.
Disconnect engine speed control pedal (B20).
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A wire R051 BLK of engine speed dial connector and pin C3 of ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Pin B wire E021 WHT of engine speed dial connector and pin F3 of ECU 48-pin connector (X42).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control dial (B21) disconnected.
Disconnect engine speed control pedal (B20).
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Check for continuity between pin B wire E021 WHT and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program ECU.
000029.14- Hand Throttle
17
Engine speed control dial is out of range high or low.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Engine Speed Control Out of Range Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Engine Speed Control Dial (B21) Reset

Action:

Switched power ON.


Reset the engine speed control dial (B21) by:

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 5 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Turning switch to the minimum throttle value and then back to full throttle value.
Setting throttle to mid-position and turning ignition switch OFF for 60 seconds and then back ON.

Is ECU code 000029.14 present?

Result:

YES:Go to Code Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 2 ) Code Check

Action:

Check for active diagnostic trouble codes. See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.)
Check for the following engine control unit (ECU) codes: 000029.03—Hand Throttle or 000029.04—Hand Throttle.
Are either of these codes active?

Result:

YES:Correct active ECU codes first. See 000029.03—Hand Throttle or see 000029.04—Hand Throttle . (Group 9001-10.)
NO:Program ECU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 6 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000091.03- Foot Throttle


17
Engine speed control pedal (B20) is out of range high.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Engine Speed Control Pedal Short Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Engine speed control pedal connector (B20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Engine harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.) Are connectors in good
condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Test engine speed control pedal (B20). See Engine Speed Control Pedal Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Engine speed control pedal (B20) malfunction. Replace engine speed control pedal.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control pedal (B20) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin A wire E020 WHT of engine speed control pedal connector for 0.0 V.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 7 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Pin B wire R051 BLK of engine speed control pedal connector for 0.0 V.
Pin C wire P051 RED of engine speed control pedal connector for 5 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Short to Power Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control pedal (B20) disconnected.
Disconnect engine speed control dial (B21).
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin A wire E020 WHT of engine speed control pedal connector for 0.0 V.
Pin B wire R051 BLK of engine speed control pedal connector for 0.0 V.
Pin C wire P051 RED of engine speed control pedal connector for 0.0 V.

Is voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control pedal (B20) disconnected.
Engine speed control dial (B21) disconnected.
ECU 48-pin connector (X42) disconnected.

Disconnect engine harness to cab/canopy harness connector (X20).


Disconnect ECU 32-pin connector (X41).

Check for continuity between:

Pin A3 wire P051 RED of ECU 48-pin connector and all other pins on ECU connectors (X41 and X42).
Pin A4 wire E021 WHT of ECU 48-pin connector and all other pins on ECU connectors (X41 and X42).
Pin C3 wire R051 BLK of ECU 48-pin connector and all other pins on ECU connectors (X41 and X42).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program ECU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 8 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000091.04- Foot Throttle


17
Engine speed control pedal (B20) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Engine Speed Control Pedal Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Engine speed control pedal (B20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Engine harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.) Are connectors in good
condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Test engine speed control pedal (B20). See Engine Speed Control Pedal Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Engine speed control pedal (B20) malfunction. Replace engine speed control pedal.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect engine speed control pedal (B20).
Switched power ON.
Check pin C wire P051 RED of engine speed control pedal (B20) connector for 5 V.
Is correct voltage indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 9 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Engine speed control pedal (B20) disconnected.
Disconnect engine speed control dial (B21).
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A wire R051 BLK of engine speed dial connector and pin C3 of ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Pin B wire E020 WHT of engine speed dial connector and pin A4 of ECU 48-pin connector (X42).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect engine speed control pedal (B20).
Engine speed control dial (B21) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Check for continuity between pin B wire E020 WHT and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program ECU.
000091.14- Foot Throttle
17
Engine speed control pedal (B20) is out of range high or low.
Alarm Level:
No Warning Lamp
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Engine Speed Control Pedal Out of Range Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Engine Speed Control Pedal (B20) Reset

Action:

Reset the engine speed control pedal (B20) by depressing pedal to maximum and then releasing pedal back to the minimum
value, or setting pedal to mid-position and turning ignition switch OFF for 60 seconds and then back ON.
Is ECU code 000091.14 present?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 10 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Code Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 2 ) Code Check

Action:

Check for active diagnostic trouble codes. See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.)
Check for the following engine control unit (ECU) codes: 000091.03—Foot Throttle or 000091.04—Foot Throttle.
Are either of these codes active?

Result:

YES:Correct active ECU codes first. See 000091.03—Foot Throttle or see 000091.04—Foot Throttle . (Group 9001-10.)
NO:Program ECU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 11 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000107.00- Engine Air Filter


213
Air filter restriction switch (B109) indicates a blockage in the air inlet system.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Air Filter Restriction Switch Malfunction Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Air Filter Check.
( 2 ) Air Filter Check

Action:

Check air filter. See Clean or Replace Air Cleaner Elements . (Operator’s Manual.)
Is air filter restricted with debris?

Result:

YES:Replace air filter. See Clean or Replace Air Cleaner Elements . (Operator’s Manual.)
NO:Go to Air Inlet System Check.
( 3 ) Air Inlet System Check

Action:

Check air inlet system for debris. See Engine Intake and Exhaust Component Location . (Group 9010-15.)
Is air inlet system restricted?

Result:

YES:Remove restriction from air intake system. See Engine Intake and Exhaust Component Location . (Group 9010-15.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 4 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Air restriction switch (B109). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 5 ) Component Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 12 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect air filter restriction switch (B109).
Start engine.
Check switch for continuity between pins A and B on switch connector.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Replace air filter restriction switch (B109).


NO:Go to Voltage Check.
( 6 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Air filter restriction switch (B109) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin A wire P031 RED of air filter restriction connector for machine voltage.
Pin B wire M009 PUR of air filter restriction connector for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Short to Power Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Air filter restriction switch (B109) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Disconnect alternator D+ terminal.
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin A wire P031 RED of air filter restriction connector for 0.0 V.
Pin B wire M009 PUR of air filter restriction connector for 0.0 V.

Is voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 8 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Air filter restriction switch (B109) disconnected.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 13 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

ECU 48-pin connector (X42) disconnected.


Alternator D+ terminal disconnected.
Disconnect ECU 32-pin connector (X41).
Check for continuity between pin B wire M009 PUR and the remaining pins on connectors (X41 and X42).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.
000190.00- Engine Speed
17
Engine has exceeded overspeed specification of 3000 rpm.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Engine Overspeed Severely High Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Diagnostic Trouble Code Check.
( 2 ) Diagnostic Trouble Code Check

Action:

See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.) Check for active engine control unit (ECU) diagnostic trouble
codes.

000190.00
000636.02
000636.10
000637.02
000637.07

Are any of the above engine control unit (ECU) codes present?

Result:

YES:Diagnose and repair active ECU trouble codes. See 4045 PowerTech™ OEM Diesel Engines Below 130kW (175hp)—Interim
Tier 4/Stage III B Platform. (CTM104.)
NO:Program ECU.
000190.16- Engine Speed
17
Engine has exceeded overspeed specification of 2600 rpm.

→NOTE:
Diagnostic trouble code will not appear within monitor DIAGNOSTIC menu.

Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 14 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Engine Overspeed Moderately High Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Diagnostic Trouble Code Check.
( 2 ) Diagnostic Trouble Code Check

Action:

See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.) Check for active engine control unit (ECU) diagnostic trouble
codes.

000190.00
000636.02
000636.10
000637.02
000637.07

Are any of the above engine control unit (ECU) codes present?

Result:

YES:Diagnose and repair active ECU trouble codes. See 4045 PowerTech™ OEM Diesel Engines Below 130kW (175hp)—Interim
Tier 4/Stage III B Platform. (CTM104.)
NO:Program ECU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 15 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000237.31- Vehicle ID Number


17
VIN number sent over CAN network to vehicle control unit (VCU) does not match the VIN stored in engine control unit (ECU).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Invalid VIN Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 2 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Resistor Check.


NO:Repair CAN circuit.
( 3 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN resistor test good?

Result:

YES:Go to Software Version Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 4 ) Software Version Check

Action:

Using Service ADVISOR ™ , verify proper software versions of all controllers. If new software is available, update all controllers
and install new software.
See Service ADVISOR™ Connection Procedure . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct software stored?

Result:

YES:Program ECU.
NO:Install compatible version of software.
000628.12- Memory Error

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 16 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
17
The engine control unit (ECU) has detected an internal error.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Memory Error Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Reset Controller.
( 2 ) Reset Controller

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Wait 20 seconds.
Switched power ON.
Check for active ECU codes.
Is ECU code 000628.12 present?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 17 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001075.05- Fuel Pump Control


17
The fuel lift pump relay (K17) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Start and Charge Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Fuel Lift Pump Relay Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Fuel lift pump relay (K17). See Fuel Lift Pump Relay Harness (W22) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Fuel lift pump relay harness connector (X86). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect fuel lift pump relay (K17).
Apply machine voltage to pin 86 and machine ground to pin 85.
sss:
Does starter relay click when machine voltage is applied?

Result:

YES:Go to next step in this check.


NO:Fuel lift pump relay (K17) malfunction. Replace relay.

Action:

With machine voltage applied to pin 86 and machine ground to pin 85, check continuity between pin 30 and pin 87.
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 18 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuel lift pump relay (K17).
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel lift pump relay (K17) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage between pin 85 (wire G040 BLK) and pin 86 (wire E031 WHT).
Is machine voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 5 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel lift pump relay (K17) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Disconnect fuel lift pump (M17).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 85 wire G040 BLK to pin 1 of fuel lift pump (M17).


Pin 86 wire E031 WHT to pin M3 of ECU 48-pin connector (X42).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel lift pump relay (K17) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Fuel lift pump (M17) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 86 wire E031 WHT and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 7 ) Harness Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 19 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel lift pump relay (K17) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Disconnect fuel lift pump (M17).
ECU 32-pin connector (X41) disconnected.
Check continuity between pim M3 of ECU 48-pin connector (X42) and all other pins on connectors (X41 and X42.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program ECU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 20 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001075.06- Fuel Pump Control


17
The fuel lift pump relay (K17) is above normal operating voltage.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Start and Charge Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Fuel Lift Pump Relay is Above Normal Operating Voltage Diagnostic


Procedure
( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Fuel lift pump relay (K17). See Fuel Lift Pump Relay Harness (W22) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Fuel lift pump relay harness connector (X86). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect fuel lift pump relay (K17).
Apply machine voltage to pin 86 and machine ground to pin 85.
sss:
Does starter relay click when machine voltage is applied?

Result:

YES:Go to next step in this check.


NO:Fuel lift pump relay (K17) malfunction. Replace relay.

Action:

With machine voltage applied to pin 86 and machine ground to pin 85, check continuity between pin 30 and pin 87.
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 21 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuel lift pump relay (K17).
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel lift pump relay (K17) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 30 wire P021 RED of fuel lift pump relay for machine voltage.
Pin 85 wire G040 BLK of fuel lift pump relay for 0.0 V.
Pin 86 wire E031 WHT of fuel lift pump relay for machine voltage.
Pin 87 wire E030 WHT of fuel lift pump relay for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel lift pump relay (K17) disconnected.
ECU 48-pin connector (X42) disconnected.
ECU 32-pin connector (X41) disconnected.
Check for continuity between:

Pin 86 wire E031 WHT on fuel lift pump relay and all other pins on connectors (X41 and X42).
Pin 85 wire G040 BLK on fuel lift pump relay and all other pins on connectors (X41 and X42).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program ECU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 22 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001321.05- Starter Relay


17
Starter relay (K5) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Warning Alarm
Additional References:

See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Starter Relay Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Starter relay (K5). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connectors.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect starter relay (K5).
Apply machine voltage to pin C1 and machine ground to pin C2.
sss:
Does starter relay click when machine voltage is applied?

Result:

YES:Go to next step in this check.


NO:Starter relay (K5) malfunction. Replace relay.

Action:

With machine voltage applied to pin C1 and machine ground to pin C2, check continuity between pin 1 and pin 2.
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 23 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Starter relay (K5) malfunction. Replace relay.
( 4 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Remove main 250 A fuse (F1).
Check continuity between both sides of fuse.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace main 250 A fuse (F1).
( 5 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

Starter relay (K5) diconnected.


Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).

Check for continuity between:

Pin C1 wire E005 WHT on starter relay (K5) to pin K4 of ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Pin C2 wire G005 BLK and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program ECU.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 24 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001321.06- Starter Relay


17
Starter relay (K5) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Warning Alarm
Additional References:

See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Starter Relay Short Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Starter relay (K5). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
ECU 48-pin connector (X42). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connectors.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect wires G005 BLK and E005 WHT from starter relay (K5).
Apply machine voltage to pin C1 and machine ground to pin C2.
sss:
Does starter relay click when machine voltage is applied?

Result:

YES:Go to next step in this check.


NO:Starter relay (K5) malfunction. Replace starter.

Action:

With machine voltage applied to pin C1 and machine ground to pin C2, check continuity between pin 1 and pin 2.
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 25 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Replace starter relay (K5).
( 4 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Remove main 250 A fuse (F1).
Check continuity between both sides of fuse.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace main 250 A fuse (F1).
( 5 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Starter relay (K5) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU 48-pin connector (X42).
Check for continuity between pin C1 wire E005 WHT and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Starter relay (K5) disconnected.
ECU 48-pin connector (X42) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU 32-pin connector (X41).
Disconnect starter (M1).
Check for continuity on pin K4 wire E005 WHT and all other pins on ECU connectors (X41 and X42).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program ECU.
001321.16- Starter Relay
17
Starter motor (M1) was engaged for 30 or more seconds. Starter motor needs to be disengaged for 60 seconds to reset engine
control unit (ECU) internal timer.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 26 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Additional References:

See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Power Shutdown Check


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

To protect the starter from damage due to overcranking, the engine control unit (ECU) will disengage the starter after 30
seconds of continuous cranking. To reset the ECU and clear this code:

Turn ignition switch OFF for 60 seconds.


Switched power ON.

Is ECU code 001321.16 present?

Result:

YES:Program ECU.
NO:Go to Engine Crank Check.
( 2 ) Engine Crank Check

Action:

Attempt to start engine.


Does engine start?

Result:

YES:Program ECU.
NO: See E1 - Engine Cranks/Won′t Start . (CTM331.)
002003.09- No CAN From TCU
17
CAN communication error; engine control unit (ECU) has lost communication with VCU.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Controller Area Network (CAN) Communication Lost For Vehicle Control


Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Procedure
( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 2 ) CAN Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 27 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Resistor Check.


NO:Repair CAN circuit.
( 3 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN resistor test good?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Replace CAN resistor.
002047.09- Can Communication Lost with VCU
17
The engine control unit (ECU) has lost communication with vehicle control unit (VCU).
Alarm Level:
Additional References:

See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Can Communication Lost with VCU Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 2 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Resistor Test.


NO:Repair CAN circuit.
( 3 ) CAN Resistor Test

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN resistor test good?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 28 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 10: Engine Control Unit (ECU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Replace CAN Resistor.
002071.09- No CAN From VCU
17
The engine control unit (ECU) is not receiving the hand throttle message from the vehicle control unit (VCU).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Controller Area Network (CAN) Communication Lost For Vehicle Control


Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Procedure
( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 2 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Resistor Test.


NO:Repair CAN circuit.
( 3 ) CAN Resistor Test

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN resistor test good?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Replace CAN resistor.
523702.09- Flex Power Message Missing
17
The engine control unit (ECU) is not receiving the flex power message from the vehicle control unit (VCU).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 29 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Controller Area Network (CAN) Communication Lost For Vehicle Control


Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Procedure
( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 2 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Resistor Test.


NO:Repair CAN circuit.
( 3 ) CAN Resistor Test

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN resistor test good?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Replace CAN resistor.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 30 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Group 20 - Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes


Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
The diagnostic trouble code number is indicated by a suspect parameter number (SPN) and a failure mode indicator (FMI)
number.

Diagnostic trouble codes can be displayed using the standard display monitor (SDM) or by using Service ADVISOR ™ .
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Main Menu—Diagnostics—Codes . (Operator′s Manual.)
See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.)

Note: For in-depth diagnostics on all SDM diagnostic trouble codes, see specific code diagnostic procedure in this group.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 31 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000096.03- Fuel Level Sensor


276
Fuel level sensor (B8) circuit is open or short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Fuel Level Sensor Open or Short Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Fuel level sensor (B8). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Standard display monitor (SDM) connector (X4). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Switched Power ON/OFF Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Switched Power ON/OFF Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Switched power ON.
Check for active standard display monitor (SDM) codes.
Is SDM code 000096.03 present?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect fuel level sensor (B8).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 32 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Measure resistance across pins 1 and 2 of fuel level sensor (B8).


Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Replace fuel level sensor (B8).
( 5 ) Short to Power Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
Disconnect SDM connector (X4).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin 2 (wire Y108 YEL) on SDM connector (X4).
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.


NO:Go to Open Check.
( 6 ) Open Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
SDM connector (X4) disconnected.
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire R108 BLK) on fuel level sensor connector (B8) and pin F of SDM connector (X4).
Pin 2 (wire Y108 YEL) on fuel level sensor connector (B8) and pin N of SDM connector (X4).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery cable or turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
SDM connector (X4) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin N (wire Y108 YEL) of SDM connector (X4) and all other pins of SDM connector (X4).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Wire Y108 YEL is short to wire that indicated continuity. Repair wire or replace harness.
NO:Program standard display monitor (SDM).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 33 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 34 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000096.04- Fuel Level Sensor


276
Fuel level sensor (B8) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Fuel Level Sensor Short to Ground Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Fuel level sensor (B8). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Standard display monitor (SDM) connector (X4). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Switched Power ON/OFF Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Switched Power ON/OFF Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Switched power ON.
Check for active SDM codes.
Is SDM code 000096.04 present?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect fuel level sensor (B8).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 35 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Measure resistance across pins 1 and 2 of fuel level sensor.


Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace fuel level sensor (B8).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
Disconnect SDM connector (X4).
Check pin N (wire Y108 YEL) on SDM (X4) for continuity to machine ground.
Is continuity to machine ground indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.


NO:Go to Harness Check
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery cable or turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
SDM connector (X4) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin N (wire Y108 YEL) of SDM connector (X4) and all other pins of SDM connector (X4).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Wire Y108 YEL is short to wire that indicated continuity. Repair wire or replace harness.
NO:Program standard display monitor (SDM).
000168.03- Battery Voltage
276
Battery voltage input is above 15.5 V with engine running.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 36 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to System Voltage Check.
( 2 ) System Voltage Check

Action:

Start engine.
Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage more than 15.5 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Alternator Check.


NO:Program controller.
( 3 ) Alternator Check

Action:

See Alternator Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does alternator pass test procedure?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace alternator.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 37 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000168.04- Battery Voltage


276
Battery voltage input is below 11.7 V with engine running.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Battery Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage approximately 12 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Clean and tighten battery terminals. See Check Battery Electrolyte Level and Terminals . (Operator′s Manual.) Charge
batteries. See Using Battery Charger . (Operator′s Manual.)
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Standard display monitor (SDM) connector. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Fuse and relay block (X3). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Ignition relay (K10). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Fuse Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 38 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for following fuses for continuity and proper amperage rating. See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group
9015-10.)

Main 250 A Fuse (F1)


Monitor Switched Power 5 A Fuse (F30)
Monitor Unswitched Power 5 A Fuse (F15)

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Relay Check.


NO:Replace fuse(s).
( 5 ) Relay Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect ignition relay (K10).
Apply 12 V to pin 1 of ignition relay (K10).
Apply ground to pin 1 of ignition relay (K10).
sss:
Did ignition relay (K10) “click?”

Check for continuity between pin 3 of ignition relay (K10) and pin 5 of ignition relay (K10).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace ignition relay (K10).
( 6 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Start engine.
Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage 12 V or less?

Result:

YES:Go to Alternator Check.


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 7 ) Alternator Check

Action:

See Alternator Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does alternator pass test procedure?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Repair or replace alternator.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 39 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 8 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect standard display monitor (SDM) connector (X4).
Disconnect fuse and relay block (X3).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire P015 RED) of SDM connector (X4) and pin D5 of fuse and relay block (X3).
Pin L (wire P030 RED) of SDM connector (X4) and pin AA7 of fuse and relay block (X3).
Pin P (wire G001 BLK) of SDM connector (X4) and operator station floor ground (W2).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
000234.02- Software Incorrect
276
The vehicle control unit (VCU) does not have appropriate software version to be compatible with standard display monitor
(SDM).
Alarm Level:
Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Software Revision Mismatch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Switched power ON. Using Service ADVISOR ™ or standard display monitor (SDM), clear diagnostic trouble codes (DTC). Cycle
switched power. Does DTC return?

Result:

YES:Go to Software Version Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 2 ) Software Version Check

Action:

Using Service ADVISOR ™ , verify proper software versions of all controllers. If new software is available, update all controllers
and install new software.
See Service ADVISOR™ Connection Procedure . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct software stored?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Install compatible version of software.
000237.02- VIN Mismatch
276
The model number and VIN number is missing in the standard display monitor (SDM).
Alarm Level:

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 40 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Amber Check Service Code Indicator


Additional References:
For additional information, See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

VIN Mismatch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Software PIN Check.
( 2 ) Software PIN Check

Action:

Using Service ADVISOR ™ , verify proper PIN is stored in software.


See Service ADVISOR™ Connection Procedure . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct PIN number stored?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Update controller with correct PIN number.
000237.13- VIN Mismatch
276
The model number and VIN number is missing in the standard display monitor (SDM).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
For additional information, See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 2 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Perform CAN circuit test. See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Go to Software Version Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 41 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.


( 3 ) Software Version Check

Action:

Using Service ADVISOR ™ , verify proper software versions of all controllers. If new software is available, update all controllers
and install new software.
See Service ADVISOR™ Connection Procedure . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct software stored?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Install compatible version of software.
000237.31- VIN Missing
276
The model number and VIN number is missing in the standard display monitor (SDM).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 2 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Perform CAN circuit test. See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Go to Software Version Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.
( 3 ) Software Version Check

Action:

Using Service ADVISOR ™ , verify proper software versions of all controllers. If new software is available, update all controllers
and install new software.
See Service ADVISOR™ Connection Procedure . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct software stored?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 42 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Install compatible version of software.
000628.12- Memory Error
17
The engine control unit (ECU) has detected an internal error.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Memory Error Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Reset Controller.
( 2 ) Reset Controller

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Wait 20 seconds.
Switched power ON.
Check for active ECU codes.
Is ECU code 000628.12 present?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Checks complete.
000629.12- Controller Fault
276
The standard display monitor (SDM) has detected an internal error.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Indicator
Additional References:
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
Cycle switched power. If code still exists, program SDM.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 43 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000920.12- Alarm Output


276
The monitor alarm (H1) circuit is open or short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Monitor Alarm Output Voltage Low Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Using Service ADVISOR ™ or standard display monitor (SDM), clear diagnostic trouble codes (DTC). Cycle switched power.
Does DTC return?

Result:

YES:Go to Connector Check.


NO:DTC is intermittent. Check P015 RED and C101 GRY wires for intermittent opens or shorts. Check SDM connector (X4) pin E
for loose connection.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Monitor alarm connector (H1). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Standard display monitor connector (X4). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Measure resistance of monitor alarm.


Is resistance approximately 1.5 kilo-ohms?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Check.


NO:Replace monitor alarm (H1).
( 4 ) Open Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Monitor alarm (H1) disconnected.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 44 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

SDM connector (X4) disconnected.


Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire P015 RED) on monitor alarm connector (H1) and pin A of SDM connector (X4).
Pin B (wire C101 GRY) on monitor alarm connector (H1) and pin E of SDM connector (X4).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.
( 5 ) Short to Power Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect monitor alarm (H1).
Disconnect SDM connector (X4).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire R015 RED) on SDM connector (X4).
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery cable or turn battery disconnect switch to OFF.


Monitor alarm (H1) disconnected.
SDM connector (X4) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin A (wire P015 RED) on SDM connector (X4) and all other pins of SDM connector (X4).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit P015 RED is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair or replace harness.
NO:Program standard display monitor (SDM).
001196.11- Antitheft
276
Door lock status message from ECU is not received by SDM.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

NO CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 45 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 46 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002000.09- No CAN from ECU


189
The standard display monitor (SDM) has lost CAN communication with engine control unit (ECU).

→NOTE:
Diagnostic procedures for Stage II and Tier 3 engines provided.

Additional References:

See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

No CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure—Stage II Engine


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically go away?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent DTC Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)


NO:Go to ECU Software Version Check.
( 2 ) ECU Software Version Check

Action:

Access machine service menu. See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Service Menu . (Group 9015-16.)
Select DIAGNOSTICS.
Select SOFTWARE VERSION.
Select ECU SW VERSION.

→NOTE:
If ECU software version does not display, CAN communication issue exists.

Does ECU software version display?

Result:

YES: Go to Connector Check .


NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Program malfunctioning controller.


NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 4 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 47 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect ECU connector (X10).

IMPORTANT:
Prevent possible damage to connector terminals. Use correct size male terminal pin for checking female
terminals.

Inspect pins and terminals on ECU connector (X10) and ECU (A2) for wear or damage.
Do pins or terminals show signs of wear or damage?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace damaged pins or terminals.


NO:Go to Battery Check.
( 5 ) Battery Check

Action:

→NOTE:
Wires on positive battery terminal are molded together and could cause power issues with ECU.

Ensure all wire leads to positive battery terminal have a good connection.
Inspect battery terminals and cables for corrosion, wear, or damage.
Are terminals or cables corroded, worn, or damaged?

Result:

YES:Clean, repair, or replace terminals or cables.


NO:Go to Fuse Check.
( 6 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check ECU unswitched power 10 A fuse (F4) and sealed switch module (SSM) 7.5 A fuse (F17) for continuity. See Fuse and
Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuse.
( 7 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for voltage at ECU unswitched power 10 A fuse (F4) and sealed switch module (SSM) 7.5 A fuse (F17). See Fuse and
Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Drop Check.


NO:Battery power is directly supplied to fuses (F4 and F17). Diagnose and repair connection issue.
( 8 ) Voltage Drop Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 48 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

→NOTE:
If voltage is indicated and DTC is stored, but not active, it is necessary to check for voltage while engine
is cranking. Engine will not crank if code is active.

Switched power ON, engine cranking.


Check for voltage at ECU unswitched power 10 A fuse (F4) and sealed switch module (SSM) 7.5 A fuse (F17).

→NOTE:
Significant voltage drop while cranking will cause ECU to lose power and DTC to become active. When key
switch is returned to ON position, code will be stored.

Is significant voltage drop indicated at either fuse while cranking engine?

Result:

YES:Battery power is directly supplied to fuses (F4 and F10). Diagnose and repair connection issue.
NO:Go to Wiring Check.
( 9 ) Wiring Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for continuity on P017 red wire from SSM 7.5 A fuse (F17) to SSM (A74). See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications
and see Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 10 ) Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Inspect frame ground near motor (W1). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Is connection corroded, worn, or damaged?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace frame ground near motor (W1). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
NO:Continue check.

Action:

Check continuity to ground at pin J2 (wire G002 black) on ECU connector (X10). See Engine Harness (W10) Wiring Diagram .
(Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity to ground at all pins indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to ECU Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 49 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 11 ) ECU Power Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for voltage at pins K1 (wire P004 red) and A2 (wire U110 red) on ECU connector (X10). See Engine Harness (W10) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated at all pins?

Result:

YES:Go to ECU Voltage Drop Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 12 ) ECU Voltage Drop Check

Action:

→NOTE:
If voltage is indicated and DTC is stored, but not active, it is necessary to check for voltage while engine
is cranking. Engine will not crank if code is active.

Switched power ON, engine cranking.


Check for voltage at the pins K1 (wire P004 red) and A2 (wire U110 red) on ECU connector (X10).

→NOTE:
Significant voltage drop while cranking will cause ECU to lose power and DTC to become active. When key
switch is returned to ON position, code will be stored.

Is significant voltage drop indicated and any pins while cranking engine?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
NO:Go to ECU Check.
( 13 ) ECU Check

Action:

Program ECU.
Does DTC stop appearing?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Continue check.

Action:

Replace ECU.
Does DTC stop appearing?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace engine harness (W10). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 50 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

No CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure—Tier 3 Engine


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically go away?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent DTC Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)


NO:Go to ECU Software Version Check.
( 2 ) ECU Software Version Check

Action:

Access machine service menu. See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Service Menu . (Group 9015-16.)
Select DIAGNOSTICS.
Select SOFTWARE VERSION.
Select ECU SW VERSION.

→NOTE:
If ECU software version does not display, CAN communication issue exists.

Does ECU software version display?

Result:

YES: Go to Battery Check .


NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Program malfunctioning controller.


NO:Go to Battery Check.
( 4 ) Battery Check

Action:

→NOTE:
Wires on positive battery terminal are molded together and could cause power issues with ECU.

Ensure all wire leads to positive battery terminal have a good connection.
Inspect battery terminals and cables for corrosion, wear, or damage.
Are terminals or cables corroded, worn, or damaged?

Result:

YES:Clean, repair, or replace terminals or cables.


NO:Go to Fuse Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 51 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 5 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check ECU unswitched power 20 A fuse (F4) and sealed switch module (SSM) 7.5 A fuse (F17) for continuity. See Fuse and
Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuse.
( 6 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for voltage at ECU unswitched power 20 A fuse (F4) and SSM 7.5 A fuse (F17). See Fuse and Relay Location and
Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Drop Check.


NO:Battery power is directly supplied to fuses (F4 and F17). Diagnose and repair connection issue.
( 7 ) Voltage Drop Check

Action:

→NOTE:
If voltage is indicated and DTC is stored, but not active, it is necessary to check for voltage while engine
is cranking. Engine will not crank if DTC is active.

Switched power ON, engine cranking.


Check for voltage at ECU unswitched power 20 A fuse (F4) and SSM 7.5 A fuse (F17).

→NOTE:
Significant voltage drop while cranking will cause ECU to lose power and DTC to become active. When key
switch is returned to ON position, DTC will be stored.

Is significant voltage drop indicated at either fuse while cranking engine?

Result:

YES:Battery power is directly supplied to fuses (F4 and F17). Diagnose and repair connection issue.
NO:Go to Wiring Check.
( 8 ) Wiring Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for continuity on P017 red wire from SSM 7.5 A fuse (F17) to SSM (A74). See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications
and see Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 52 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 9 ) Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Inspect frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Is connection corroded, worn, or damaged?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
NO:Continue check.

Action:

Check continuity to ground at the following pins on ECU 48-pin connector (X42): L2, L3, and M2 (wires G002 black). See Engine
Harness (W10) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity to ground at all pins indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to ECU Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 10 ) ECU Power Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for voltage at the following pins on ECU 48-pin connector (X42): L1, L4, M1, M4 (wires P004 red), and B2 (wire U110 red).
See Engine Harness (W10) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated at all pins?

Result:

YES:Go to ECU Voltage Drop Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 11 ) ECU Voltage Drop Check

Action:

→NOTE:
If voltage is indicated and DTC is stored, but not active, it is necessary to check for voltage while engine
is cranking. Engine will not crank if DTC is active.

Switched power ON, engine cranking.


Check for voltage at the following pins: L1, L4, M1, M4 (wires P004 red), and B2 (wire U110 red).

→NOTE:
Significant voltage drop while cranking will cause ECU to lose power and DTC to become active. When key
switch is returned to ON position, DTC will be stored.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 53 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is significant voltage drop indicated and any pins while cranking engine?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
NO:Program ECU.
002003.09- No CAN from TCU
276
The standard display monitor (SDM) has lost CAN communication with transmission control unit (TCU).
For more information:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

NO CAN From TCU Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
002071.09- No CAN from VCU
276
The standard display monitor (SDM) has lost CAN communication with vehicle control unit (VCU).
For more information:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 54 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO CAN From VCU Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
002141.09- No CAN from SSM
276
The standard display monitor (SDM) has lost CAN communication with sealed switch module (SSM).
For more information:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

NO CAN From SSM Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 55 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
002228.09- No CAN from HVC
276
The standard display monitor (SDM) has lost CAN communication with hydraulic valve controller (HVC).
For more information:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

NO CAN From HVC Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 56 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


002251.09- No CAN from MTG
276
The standard display monitor (SDM) has lost CAN communication with modular telematics gateway (MTG) module.
For more information:

See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

NO CAN From MTG Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 57 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003509.03- Sensor Supply 1


276
Sensor supply voltage 1 is out of range high. (Above 5.25 V)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Fuel Level Sensor Open or Short Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Fuel level sensor (B8). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Standard display monitor (SDM) connector (X4). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Switched Power ON/OFF Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Switched Power ON/OFF Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Switched power ON.
Check for active standard display monitor (SDM) codes.
Is SDM code 000096.03 present?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect fuel level sensor (B8).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 58 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Measure resistance across pins 1 and 2 of fuel level sensor (B8).


Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Replace fuel level sensor (B8).
( 5 ) Short to Power Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
Disconnect SDM connector (X4).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin 2 (wire Y108 YEL) on SDM connector (X4).
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.


NO:Go to Open Check.
( 6 ) Open Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
SDM connector (X4) disconnected.
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire R108 BLK) on fuel level sensor connector (B8) and pin F of SDM connector (X4).
Pin 2 (wire Y108 YEL) on fuel level sensor connector (B8) and pin N of SDM connector (X4).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery cable or turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
SDM connector (X4) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin N (wire Y108 YEL) of SDM connector (X4) and all other pins of SDM connector (X4).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Wire Y108 YEL is short to wire that indicated continuity. Repair wire or replace harness.
NO:Program standard display monitor (SDM).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 59 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 60 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003509.04- Sensor Supply 1


276
Sensor supply voltage 1 is out of range low. (Below 4.75 V)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Fuel Level Sensor Short to Ground Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Fuel level sensor (B8). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Standard display monitor (SDM) connector (X4). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Switched Power ON/OFF Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Switched Power ON/OFF Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Switched power ON.
Check for active SDM codes.
Is SDM code 000096.04 present?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect fuel level sensor (B8).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 61 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 20: Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Measure resistance across pins 1 and 2 of fuel level sensor.


Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace fuel level sensor (B8).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
Disconnect SDM connector (X4).
Check pin N (wire Y108 YEL) on SDM (X4) for continuity to machine ground.
Is continuity to machine ground indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.


NO:Go to Harness Check
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery cable or turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Fuel level sensor (B8) disconnected.
SDM connector (X4) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin N (wire Y108 YEL) of SDM connector (X4) and all other pins of SDM connector (X4).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Wire Y108 YEL is short to wire that indicated continuity. Repair wire or replace harness.
NO:Program standard display monitor (SDM).
524082.07- Display Buttons
276
Button on standard display monitor (SDM) is stuck.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator

Monitor Button Stuck Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Button Check.
( 2 ) Button Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 62 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power ON.


Press all buttons on standard display monitor (SDM).
Check for active SDM codes.
Is code 524082.07 present?

Result:

YES:Go to Power ON/OFF Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 3 ) Power ON/OFF Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Switched power ON.
Check for active SDM codes.
Is code 524082.07 present?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 63 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Group 30 - Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes


Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
The diagnostic trouble code number is indicated by a suspect parameter number (SPN) and a failure mode indicator (FMI)
number. In the example 000070.04 , 000070 is the SPN and 04 is the FMI number.

Diagnostic trouble codes can be displayed using the standard display monitor (SDM) or by using Service ADVISOR ™ .
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Main Menu—Diagnostics—Codes . (Operator′s Manual.)
See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.)

Note: For in-depth diagnostics on all VCU diagnostic trouble codes, see specific code diagnostic procedure in this group.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 64 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000070.14- Park Brake


44
Transmission control unit (TCU) lost CAN communication with sealed switch module (SSM) or invalid ground speed. TCU
automatically applied the park brake after a 15 second delay.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Park Brake Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Active Code Check

Action:

Check for active TCU diagnostic trouble codes.


Are any TCU DTCs active?

Result:

YES:Diagnose and clear all active TCU DTCs.


NO:Go to Intermittent Check.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Pressure Check.
( 3 ) Pressure Check

Action:

Perform Park Brake Release Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)


Is pressure to specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Connector Check.


NO:Diagnose and repair pressure malfunction.
( 4 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Park Brake Pressure Switch (B13). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 65 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace connector.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 66 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000177.00- Trans Oil Temp


44
Transmission temperature high.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Overheats . (Group 9020-15.)


See Power Train Overview . (Group 9020-15.)
See Transmission Filter Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Trans Oil Temp Diagnostics Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see
Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Cooler Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Cooler Check

Action:

Perform Cooler In and Cooler Out Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)


Was test successful?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Diagnose and repair transmission cooler.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 67 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000177.04- Trans Oil Temp


44
Torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) short to ground. (Below 0.25 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Overheats . (Group 9020-15.)


See Power Train Overview . (Group 9020-15.)
See Transmission Filter Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Trans Oil Temp Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see
Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6).
Check torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6). See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Does torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) meet specifications?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 68 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6).


( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) disconnected.


Switched power ON.
Check voltage at pin A (wire X006 YEL) of torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6).
Is voltage above 0.5 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire X006 YEL) of torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) and pin 43 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin B (wire R038 BLK) of torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) and pin L2 of VCU connector (X11).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire X006 YEL) of torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) and machine ground.
Pin B (wire R038 BLK) of torque converter oil temperature sensor (B6) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.
000191.00- Transmission Speed
44
Transmission output speed sensor (B14) is reading above 4000 rpm.
When transmission output speed sensor (B14) is invalid the transmission will default to manual mode.
Alarm Level:

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 69 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Red Stop Lamp Indicator


Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Power Train Overview . (Group 9020-05.)

Transmission Speed Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Active Code Check

Action:

Check for any active TCU or VCU codes.


Are any TCU or VCU codes active?

Result:

YES:Diagnose and clear all active TCU and VCU codes.


NO:Program controller.
( 2 ) Machine Operation Check

Action:

Clear active diagnostic trouble codes.


Operate machine on smooth level surface through all gear ranges.
Check for active TCU code 000191.00—Transmission Speed.
Is code active?

Result:

YES:Go to Equipment Check.


NO:Checks complete. Instruct owner/operator of proper machine operations.
( 3 ) Equipment Check

Action:

Check machine tires for proper inflation and size. See Tire Pressures . (Operator’s Manual.)
Are tires properly inflated and correct size?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Inflate tire to specification or replace with appropriate size.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 70 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000191.03- Transmission Speed


44
Transmission output speed sensor (B14) out of range high.
When transmission output speed sensor (B14) is invalid the transmission will default to manual mode.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Power Train Overview . (Group 9020-05.)

Transmission Speed Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission output speed sensor (B14). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see
Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission output speed sensor (B14).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at:

Pin A (wire M014 PUR) of transmission output speed sensor (B14).


Pin B (wire R014 BLK) of transmission output speed sensor (B14).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 71 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is voltage above 4.95 V?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Transmission output speed sensor (B14) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Check for continuity between:

Pin L2 (wire R059 BLK) of VCU connector 1 (X11) and all other connectors to VCU.
Pin 17 (wire M014 PUR) of VCU connector 2 (X12) and all other connectors to VCU.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 72 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000191.04- Transmission Speed


44
Transmission output speed sensor (B14) out of range low.
When transmission output speed sensor (B14) is invalid the transmission will default to manual mode.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Power Train Overview . (Group 9020-05.)

Transmission Speed Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission output speed sensor (B14). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see
Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission output speed sensor (B14).
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at pin A of transmission output speed sensor (B14).
Is voltage above 0.5 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 73 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission output speed sensor (B14) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Check for continuity between:

Pin L2 (wire R059 BLK) of VCU connector 1 (X11) and pin B of transmission output speed sensor (B14).
Pin 17 (wire M014 PUR) of VCU connector 2 (X12) and pin A of transmission output speed sensor (B14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission output speed sensor (B14) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire M014 PUR) of transmission output speed sensor (B14) and machine ground.
Pin B (wire R014 BLK) of transmission output speed sensor (B14) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.
000191.16- Transmission Speed
44
Transmission output speed sensor (B14) is reading above 3600 rpm.
When transmission output speed sensor (B14) is invalid the transmission will default to manual mode.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Power Train Overview . (Group 9020-05.)

Transmission Speed Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Active Code Check

Action:

Check for any active TCU or VCU codes.


Are any TCU or VCU codes active?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 74 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Diagnose and clear all active TCU and VCU codes.


NO:Program controller.
( 2 ) Machine Operation Check

Action:

Clear active diagnostic trouble codes.


Operate machine on smooth level surface through all gear ranges.
Check for active TCU code 000191.16—Transmission Speed.
Is code active?

Result:

YES:Go to Equipment Check.


NO:Checks complete. Instruct owner/operator of proper machine operations.
( 3 ) Equipment Check

Action:

Check machine tires for proper inflation and size. See Tire Pressures . (Operator’s Manual.)
Are tires properly inflated and correct size?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Inflate tire to specification or replace with appropriate size.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 75 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000525.02- Requested Gear


44
Gear select switch (S6) inputs have invalid combination.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever (TCL). See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short to Power Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 76 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Program controller.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between pins listed below and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X13).

Pin A3 (T505 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).


Pin C1 (T705 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin C2 (T605 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T105 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 19 (T205 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 20 (T305 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is continuity indicated between pins?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 77 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000525.03- Requested Gear


44
Gear select switch (S6) inputs shorted to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever. See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short to Power Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 78 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Program controller.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between pins listed bellow and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X13).

Pin A3 (T505 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).


Pin C1 (T705 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin C2 (T605 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T105 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 19 (T205 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 20 (T305 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is continuity indicated between pins?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 79 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000525.04- Requested Gear


44
Gear select switch (S6) is shorted to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever (TCL). See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 80 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Check for continuity between pins listed below and machine ground.

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 81 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000525.05- Requested Gear


44
Gear select switch (S6) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever (TCL). See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Fuse Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 82 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check transmission control 5 A fuse (F35) for continuity. See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Install transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire P035 RED) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 9 (wire P035 RED) of TCL connector (X48).

Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 7 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 19 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin C2 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin A3 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin C1 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 20 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 8 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 83 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000604.04- TCL Neutral SW


44
Forward, neutral, reverse (FNR) switch (S5) input short to ground.
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

TCL Neutral SW Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever (TCL). See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 84 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).


Check for continuity between pins listed below and machine ground.

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 85 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000617.07- Park Brake Circuit


44
Park brake release solenoid (Y7) inputs conflict with park brake pressure switch (B13).
Park brake release solenoid (Y7) is stuck, indicating low pressure.
Alarm Level:
Park Brake Indicator Displayed
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Park Brake Operation . (Group 9020-05.)

Park Brake Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Pressure Check.
( 2 ) Pressure Check

Action:

Perform Park Brake Release Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)


Is pressure to specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Connector Check.


NO:Diagnose and repair pressure malfunction.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Park brake release solenoid (Y7). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 86 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire J007 TAN) of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 5 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin A and pin B of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Replace park brake release solenoid (Y7).


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 6 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Check switch for continuity between:

Pin A (wire J007 TAN) of park brake release solenoid (Y7) and pin G4 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin B (wire R007 BLK) of park brake release solenoid (Y7) and pin B4 of VCU connector (X11).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit is open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect battery power.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check switch for continuity between:

Pin G4 (wire J007 TAN) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X13).
Pin B4 (wire R007 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X13).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 87 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 88 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000618.07- Park Brake Circuit


44
Park brake release solenoid (Y7) inputs conflict with park brake pressure switch (B13).
Park brake release solenoid (Y7) is stuck, indicating low pressure.
Alarm Level:
Park Brake Indicator Displayed
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Park Brake Operation . (Group 9020-05.)

Park Brake Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Pressure Check.
( 2 ) Pressure Check

Action:

Perform Park Brake Release Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)


Is pressure to specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Connector Check.


NO:Diagnose and repair pressure malfunction.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Park brake release solenoid (Y7). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 89 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire J007 TAN) of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 5 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin A and pin B of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Replace park brake release solenoid (Y7).


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 6 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Check switch for continuity between:

Pin A (wire J007 TAN) of park brake release solenoid (Y7) and pin G4 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin B (wire R007 BLK) of park brake release solenoid (Y7) and pin B4 of VCU connector (X11).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit is open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect battery power.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check switch for continuity between:

Pin G4 (wire J007 TAN) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12 and X13).
Pin B4 (wire R007 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12 and X13).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 90 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.
000629.12- Controller Fault
44
The vehicle control unit (VCU) has detected an internal error.
Cycle switched power. If code still exists, program VCU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 91 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000734.03- Y1 Solenoid
44
Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) high side driver short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y1 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire T001 BLU) of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 92 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin M4 (wire T001 BLU) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire T001 BLU) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 93 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000734.04- Y1 Solenoid
44
Transmission control solenoid (Y1) high side driver shorted to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y1 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 94 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin A (wire T001 BLU) of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire T001 BLU) is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
OK:
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin M4 (wire T001 BLU) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side driver circuit (wire T001 BLU) is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 95 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000734.05- Y1 Solenoid
44
Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) circuit is open.
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y1 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
( 4 ) Continuity Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 96 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire T001 BLU) of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) and pin M4 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin B (wire R001 BLK) of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) and pin F4 of VCU connector (X11).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 97 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000734.06- Y1 Solenoid
44
Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) low side driver short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y1 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin B (wire R001 BLK) of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 98 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission forward direction solenoid (Y1) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin F4 (wire R001 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Low side driver circuit (wire R001 BLK) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 99 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000735.03- Y2 Solenoid
44
Transmission reverse direction Solenoid (Y2) high side driver short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y2 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire T002 BLU) of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 100 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin J4 (wire T002 BLU) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side driver circuit (wire T002 BLU) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 101 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000735.04- Y2 Solenoid
44
Transmission reverse direction Solenoid (Y2) high side driver shorted to ground.
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y2 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 102 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin A (wire T002 BLU) of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire T002 BLU) is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
OK:
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin J4 (wire T002 BLU) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side driver circuit (wire T002 BLU) is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 103 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000735.05- Y2 Solenoid
44
Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y2 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 104 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire T002 BLU) of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) and pin J4 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin B (wire R202 BLK) of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) and pin A4 of VCU connector (X11).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 105 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000735.06- Y2 Solenoid
44
Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) low side driver short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y2 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin B (wire R202 BLK) of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 106 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission reverse direction solenoid (Y2) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin F4 (wire R202 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Low side driver circuit (wire R202 BLK) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 107 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000736.03- Y3 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3) short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y3 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire T003 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid (Y3).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 108 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid (Y3).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid (Y3).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11) and (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 14 (wire T003 BLU) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire T003 BLU) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 109 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000736.05- Y3 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y3 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid (Y3).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 110 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire T003 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid (Y3) and pin 14 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin B (wire G011 BLK) of transmission speed solenoid (Y3) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 111 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000736.06- Y3 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3) short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y3 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid (Y3).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 112 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin A (wire T003 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 1 (Y3) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 113 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000737.03- Y4 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y4 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire T004 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 114 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid (Y4).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11) and (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 16 (wire T004 BLU) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire T004 BLU) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 115 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000737.05- Y4 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y4 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid (Y4).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid (Y4).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 116 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire T004 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) and pin 16 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin B (wire G011 BLK) of transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 117 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000737.06- Y4 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y4 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid (Y4).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 118 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin A (wire T004 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 2 (Y4) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 119 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000738.03- Y5 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y5 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire T005 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 120 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid (Y5).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11) and (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 40 (wire T005 BLU) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire T005 BLU) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 121 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000738.05- Y5 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y5 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 122 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire T005 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) and pin 40 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin B (wire G011 BLK) of transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 123 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000738.06- Y5 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y5 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 124 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin A (wire T005 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 3 (Y5) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 125 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000739.03- Y6 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y6 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire T006 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 126 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid (Y6).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11) and (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 15 (wire T006 BLU) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire T006 BLU) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 127 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000739.05- Y6 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y6 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 128 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire T006 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) and pin 15 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin B (wire G011 BLK) of transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 129 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000739.06- Y6 Solenoid
44
Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

Y6 Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location or
see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6).
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 130 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin A (wire T006 BLU) of transmission speed solenoid 4 (Y6) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 131 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000746.03- Differential Lock


44
Differential lock solenoid (Y10) short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Differential Lock Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Differential lock solenoid (Y10). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect differential lock solenoid (Y10).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire W110 BLU) of differential lock solenoid (Y10).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 132 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Go to Component Check.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Differential lock solenoid (Y10) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of differential lock solenoid (Y10).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace differential lock solenoid (Y10).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Differential lock solenoid (Y10) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11) and (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 11 (wire W110 BLU) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire W110 BLU) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 133 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000746.05- Differential Lock


44
Differential lock solenoid (Y10) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Differential Lock Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Differential lock solenoid (Y10). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect differential lock solenoid (Y10).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of differential lock solenoid (Y10).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 134 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace differential lock solenoid (Y10).
( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Differential lock solenoid (Y10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire W110 BLU) of differential lock solenoid (Y10) and pin 11 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin B (wire G011 BLK) of differential lock solenoid (Y10) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 135 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000746.06- Differential Lock


44
Differential lock solenoid (Y10) short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Differential Lock Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Differential lock solenoid (Y10). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect differential lock solenoid (Y10).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of differential lock solenoid (Y10).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 136 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace differential lock solenoid (Y10).
( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Differential lock solenoid (Y10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin A (wire W110 BLU) of differential lock solenoid (Y10) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.
000746.31- Differential Lock
44
Differential lock switch was engaged while engine or transmission speed was too high to allow engagement.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Differential Lock Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Active Code Check

Action:

Check for active TCU DTC 523689.07—Diff Lock Switch.


Is TCU DTC 523689.07—Diff Lock Switch active?

Result:

YES:Diagnose and clear code.


NO:Go to Machine Operation.
( 2 ) Machine Operation

Action:

Clear active TCU DTCs.


Operate machine on smooth level surface through all transmission speeds.
Do NOT engage differential lock switch.
Is 000746.31—Differential Lock TCU DTC active?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 137 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Checks complete. Instruct owner/ operator on proper differential lock usage. See Differential Lock Operation . (Operator’s
Manual.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 138 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000767.05- TCL Reverse SW


44
Forward, neutral, reverse (FNR) switch (S5) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever (TCL). See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Fuse Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 139 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check transmission control 5 A fuse (F35) for continuity. See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Install transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire P035 RED) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 9 (wire P035 RED) of TCL connector (X48).

Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for between:

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 7 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 19 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin C2 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin A3 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin C1 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 20 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 8 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 140 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000880.03- Brake Lights


44
The vehicle control unit (VCU) (A1) measured voltage ≥ 7.4 V for 1 second when driver was commanded OFF.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Brake Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left brake/tail light (E9). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right brake/tail light (E10). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to next check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left brake/tail light (E9).
Disconnect right brake/tail light (E10).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin A (wire L046 BRN) of left brake/tail light (E9) and right tail brake/tail light (E10).

Is 0 V indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 141 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).


NO:Go to next check.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12 and X14).
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 41 (wire L046 BRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12
and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 142 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000880.05- Brake Lights


44
Brake lights circuit open.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Brake Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left brake/tail light (E9). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right brake/tail light (E10). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left brake/tail light (E9).
Disconnect right brake/tail light (E10).
Check light for continuity between:

Pin A and pin C of left brake/tail light (E9).


Pin A and pin C of right brake/tail light (E10).

Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 143 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace left brake/tail light (E9) or right brake/tail light (E10).
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Apply one of the brake pedal.
Check voltage at:

Pin A (wire L046 BRN) of left brake/tail light (E9) and right tail brake/tail light (E10) for system voltage (approximately 12
V).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire L046 BRN) of left brake/tail light (E9) and pin 41 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin C (wire G020 BLK) of left brake/tail light (E9) and machine ground.
Pin A (wire L046 BRN) of right brake/tail light (E10) and pin 41 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin C (wire G020 BLK) of right brake/tail light (E10) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 144 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000880.06- Brake Lights


44
Brake lights circuit short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Brake Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left brake/tail light (E9). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right brake/tail light (E10). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to next check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left brake/tail light (E9).
Disconnect right brake/tail light (E10).
Check for continuity between pin A of both left brake/tail light (E9) and right brake/tail light (E10) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to next check.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 145 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pins A (L046 BRN) and G (G020 BLK) of left brake/tail light (E9) and right brake/tail light (E10).
Is resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).


NO:Light is internally short to ground. Replace light.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 146 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000903.05- TCL Forward SW


44
Forward, neutral, reverse (FNR) switch (S5) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever (TCL). See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Fuse Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 147 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check transmission control 5 A fuse (F35) for continuity. See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Install transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector(X48).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire P035 RED) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 9 (wire P035 RED) of TCL connector (X48).

Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for between:

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 7 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 19 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin C2 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin A3 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin C1 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 20 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 8 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 148 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001045.04- Brake Light SW


44
Brake light switch 1 (S26) or brake light switch 2 (S27) detected as closed for 10 minutes.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Brake Light Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Brake light switch 1 (S26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Brake light switch 2 (S27). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X12, X13, and X14).
Brake light switch 1 (S26) disconnected.
Brake light switch 2 (S27) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin F3 (wire N005 YEL) of VCU connector (X11) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 149 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 150 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002000.09- No CAN from ECU


44
The engine control unit (ECU) has lost CAN communication with vehicle control unit (VCU).

→NOTE:
Diagnostic procedures for Stage II and Tier 3 engines provided.

Additional References:

See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

No CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure—Stage II Engine


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically go away?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent DTC Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)


NO:Go to ECU Software Version Check.
( 2 ) ECU Software Version Check

Action:

Access machine service menu. See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Service Menu . (Group 9015-16.)
Select DIAGNOSTICS.
Select SOFTWARE VERSION.
Select ECU SW VERSION.

→NOTE:
If ECU software version does not display, CAN communication issue exists.

Does ECU software version display?

Result:

YES: Go to Connector Check .


NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Program malfunctioning controller.


NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 4 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 151 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect ECU connector (X10).

IMPORTANT:
Prevent possible damage to connector terminals. Use correct size male terminal pin for checking female
terminals.

Inspect pins and terminals on ECU connector (X10) and ECU (A2) for wear or damage.
Do pins or terminals show signs of wear or damage?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace damaged pins or terminals.


NO:Go to Battery Check.
( 5 ) Battery Check

Action:

→NOTE:
Wires on positive battery terminal are molded together and could cause power issues with ECU.

Ensure all wire leads to positive battery terminal have a good connection.
Inspect battery terminals and cables for corrosion, wear, or damage.
Are terminals or cables corroded, worn, or damaged?

Result:

YES:Clean, repair, or replace terminals or cables.


NO:Go to Fuse Check.
( 6 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check ECU unswitched power 10 A fuse (F4) and sealed switch module (SSM) 7.5 A fuse (F17) for continuity. See Fuse and
Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuse.
( 7 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for voltage at ECU unswitched power 10 A fuse (F4) and sealed switch module (SSM) 7.5 A fuse (F17). See Fuse and
Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Drop Check.


NO:Battery power is directly supplied to fuses (F4 and F17). Diagnose and repair connection issue.
( 8 ) Voltage Drop Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 152 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

→NOTE:
If voltage is indicated and DTC is stored, but not active, it is necessary to check for voltage while engine
is cranking. Engine will not crank if code is active.

Switched power ON, engine cranking.


Check for voltage at ECU unswitched power 10 A fuse (F4) and sealed switch module (SSM) 7.5 A fuse (F17).

→NOTE:
Significant voltage drop while cranking will cause ECU to lose power and DTC to become active. When key
switch is returned to ON position, code will be stored.

Is significant voltage drop indicated at either fuse while cranking engine?

Result:

YES:Battery power is directly supplied to fuses (F4 and F10). Diagnose and repair connection issue.
NO:Go to Wiring Check.
( 9 ) Wiring Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for continuity on P017 red wire from SSM 7.5 A fuse (F17) to SSM (A74). See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications
and see Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 10 ) Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Inspect frame ground near motor (W1). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Is connection corroded, worn, or damaged?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace frame ground near motor (W1). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
NO:Continue check.

Action:

Check continuity to ground at pin J2 (wire G002 black) on ECU connector (X10). See Engine Harness (W10) Wiring Diagram .
(Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity to ground at all pins indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to ECU Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 153 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 11 ) ECU Power Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for voltage at pins K1 (wire P004 red) and A2 (wire U110 red) on ECU connector (X10). See Engine Harness (W10) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated at all pins?

Result:

YES:Go to ECU Voltage Drop Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 12 ) ECU Voltage Drop Check

Action:

→NOTE:
If voltage is indicated and DTC is stored, but not active, it is necessary to check for voltage while engine
is cranking. Engine will not crank if code is active.

Switched power ON, engine cranking.


Check for voltage at the pins K1 (wire P004 red) and A2 (wire U110 red) on ECU connector (X10).

→NOTE:
Significant voltage drop while cranking will cause ECU to lose power and DTC to become active. When key
switch is returned to ON position, code will be stored.

Is significant voltage drop indicated and any pins while cranking engine?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
NO:Go to ECU Check.
( 13 ) ECU Check

Action:

Program ECU.
Does DTC stop appearing?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Continue check.

Action:

Replace ECU.
Does DTC stop appearing?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace engine harness (W10). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 154 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

No CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure—Tier 3 Engine


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically go away?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent DTC Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)


NO:Go to ECU Software Version Check.
( 2 ) ECU Software Version Check

Action:

Access machine service menu. See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Service Menu . (Group 9015-16.)
Select DIAGNOSTICS.
Select SOFTWARE VERSION.
Select ECU SW VERSION.

→NOTE:
If ECU software version does not display, CAN communication issue exists.

Does ECU software version display?

Result:

YES: Go to Battery Check .


NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Program malfunctioning controller.


NO:Go to Battery Check.
( 4 ) Battery Check

Action:

→NOTE:
Wires on positive battery terminal are molded together and could cause power issues with ECU.

Ensure all wire leads to positive battery terminal have a good connection.
Inspect battery terminals and cables for corrosion, wear, or damage.
Are terminals or cables corroded, worn, or damaged?

Result:

YES:Clean, repair, or replace terminals or cables.


NO:Go to Fuse Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 155 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 5 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check ECU unswitched power 20 A fuse (F4) and sealed switch module (SSM) 7.5 A fuse (F17) for continuity. See Fuse and
Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuse.
( 6 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for voltage at ECU unswitched power 20 A fuse (F4) and SSM 7.5 A fuse (F17). See Fuse and Relay Location and
Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Drop Check.


NO:Battery power is directly supplied to fuses (F4 and F17). Diagnose and repair connection issue.
( 7 ) Voltage Drop Check

Action:

→NOTE:
If voltage is indicated and DTC is stored, but not active, it is necessary to check for voltage while engine
is cranking. Engine will not crank if DTC is active.

Switched power ON, engine cranking.


Check for voltage at ECU unswitched power 20 A fuse (F4) and SSM 7.5 A fuse (F17).

→NOTE:
Significant voltage drop while cranking will cause ECU to lose power and DTC to become active. When key
switch is returned to ON position, DTC will be stored.

Is significant voltage drop indicated at either fuse while cranking engine?

Result:

YES:Battery power is directly supplied to fuses (F4 and F17). Diagnose and repair connection issue.
NO:Go to Wiring Check.
( 8 ) Wiring Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for continuity on P017 red wire from SSM 7.5 A fuse (F17) to SSM (A74). See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications
and see Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 156 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 9 ) Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Inspect frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Is connection corroded, worn, or damaged?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
NO:Continue check.

Action:

Check continuity to ground at the following pins on ECU 48-pin connector (X42): L2, L3, and M2 (wires G002 black). See Engine
Harness (W10) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity to ground at all pins indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to ECU Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 10 ) ECU Power Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for voltage at the following pins on ECU 48-pin connector (X42): L1, L4, M1, M4 (wires P004 red), and B2 (wire U110 red).
See Engine Harness (W10) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated at all pins?

Result:

YES:Go to ECU Voltage Drop Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
( 11 ) ECU Voltage Drop Check

Action:

→NOTE:
If voltage is indicated and DTC is stored, but not active, it is necessary to check for voltage while engine
is cranking. Engine will not crank if DTC is active.

Switched power ON, engine cranking.


Check for voltage at the following pins: L1, L4, M1, M4 (wires P004 red), and B2 (wire U110 red).

→NOTE:
Significant voltage drop while cranking will cause ECU to lose power and DTC to become active. When key
switch is returned to ON position, DTC will be stored.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 157 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is significant voltage drop indicated and any pins while cranking engine?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
NO:Program ECU.
002023.09- No CAN From SDM
44
The standard display monitor (SDM) has lost CAN communication with vehicle control unit (VCU).
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

NO CAN From SDM Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
002034.09- No CAN From AVC
44
The auxiliary valve controller (AVC) has lost CAN communication with vehicle control unit (VCU).
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 158 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

No CAN From AVC Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
002071.09- No CAN From VCU
44
The vehicle control unit (VCU) has lost CAN communication with vehicle control unit (VCU).
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

No CAN From ECU Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 159 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
002213.09- No CAN From JSR
44
The right joystick controller (JSR) has lost CAN communication with vehicle control unit (VCU).
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

NO CAN From JSR Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 160 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002392.03- Brake Lights


44
Backup light circuit is short to power.

IMPORTANT:
315SK, 325SK and 710K ONLY

Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Brake Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Note: 710K

Backup light (E22). See Roof Harness (W17) Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Roof Harness (W17) Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)

Note: 315SK & 325SK

Left backup light (E23). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Right backup light (E24). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Rear Frame Harness connector(X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 161 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect Backup light (E22). Note: 710K


Disconnect left backup light (E23). Note: 315SK & 325SK .
Disconnect right backup light (E24). Note: 315SK & 325SK .
Disconnect VCU connector 3 (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin 29 (wire L017 BRN) of VCU connector (X13).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Program controller.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Brake light(s) disconnected.
VCU connector 3 (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11 and X12).
Check for continuity between pin 29 (wire L017 BRN) of VCU connector 3 (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit (wire L017 BRN) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 162 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002392.05- Backup Lights


44
Backup light circuit is open.

IMPORTANT:
315SK, 325SK and 710K ONLY

Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Backup Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Note: 710K

Backup light (E22). See Roof Harness (W17) Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Roof Harness (W17) Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)

Note: 315SK & 325SK

Left backup light (E23). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Right backup light (E24). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Rear frame harness connector (X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 163 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Remove backup light(s) and check for continuity.


Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace backup light(s).
( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect backup light (E22). Note: 710K
Disconnect left backup light (E23). Note: 315SK & 325SK .
Disconnect right backup light (E24). Note: 315SK & 325SK .
Disconnect VCU connector 1 (X11).

Note: 710K

Check for continuity between pin 29 (wire L017 BRN) of VCU connector 1 (X11) and pin 1 of backup light (E22).

Note: 315SK & 325SK

Check for continuity between pin 29 (wire L017 BRN) of VCU connector 1 (X11) and pin 1 of left backup light (E23).
Check for continuity between pin 29 (wire L017 BRN) of VCU connector 1 (X11) and pin 1 of right backup light (E24).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 164 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002392.06- Backup Lights


44
Backup light circuit is short to ground.

IMPORTANT:
315SK, 325SK and 710K ONLY

Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Backup Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Note: 710K

Backup light (E22). See Roof Harness (W17) Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Roof Harness (W17) Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)

Note: 315SK & 325SK

Left backup light (E23). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Right backup light (E24). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Rear frame harness connector (X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location. (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram. (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 165 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Remove backup light(s) and check for continuity.


Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace backup light(s).
( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect backup light (E22). Note: 710K
Disconnect left backup light (E23). Note: 315SK & 325SK .
Disconnect right backup light (E24). Note: 315SK & 325SK .
Disconnect VCU connector 3 (X13).

Note: 710K

Check for continuity between pin 29 (wire L017 BRN) of VCU connector (X13) and machine ground.

Note: 315SK & 325SK

Check for continuity between pin 29 (wire L017 BRN) of VCU connector (X13) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 166 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002612.03- MFWD Solenoid


44
Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11) is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

MFWD Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11).
Disconnect VCU connector 3 (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire W111 BLU) of mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 167 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Go to Component Check.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11) disconnected.
VCU connector 3 (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11) and (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 13 (wire W111 BLU) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit (wire W111 BLU) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 168 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002612.05- MFWD Solenoid


44
Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

MWFD Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 169 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11).
( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


MFWD solenoid (Y11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire W111 BLU) of MFWD solenoid (Y11) and pin 13 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin B (wire G011 BLK) of MFWD solenoid (Y11) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Circuit is open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 170 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002612.06- MFWD Solenoid


44
Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Control Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Transmission Solenoid Check . (Group 9015-20.)

MFWD Solenoid Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 171 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11).
( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Mechanical front wheel drive (MFWD) solenoid (Y11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between pin A (wire W111 BLU) of MFWD solenoid (Y11) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 172 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

004312.02- TCL Selector


44
Forward, neutral, reverse (FNR) switch (S5) inputs have invalid combination.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

TCL Selector Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever (TCL). See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short to Power Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 173 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Program controller.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between pins listed bellow and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X13).

Pin A3 (T505 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).


Pin C1 (T705 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin C2 (T605 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T105 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 19 (T205 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 20 (T305 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is continuity indicated between pins?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 174 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

004312.03- TCL Selector


44
Forward, neutral, reverse (FNR) switch (S5) inputs shorted to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever (TCL). See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short to Power Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 175 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Program controller.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between pins listed bellow and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X13).

Pin A3 (T505 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).


Pin C1 (T705 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin C2 (T605 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T105 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 19 (T205 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 20 (T305 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is continuity indicated between pins?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 176 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

004312.05- TCL Selector


44
Forward, neutral, reverse (FNR) switch (S5) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever. See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Fuse Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 177 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check transmission control 5 A fuse (F35) for continuity. See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Install transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire P035 RED) of TCL connector (X48).


Pin 9 (wire P035 RED) of TCL connector (X48).

Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for between:

Pin 2 (T105 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 7 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 3 (T205 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 19 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 4 (T605 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin C2 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 5 (T505 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin A3 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 6 (T705 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin C1 of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T305 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 20 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of TCL connector (X48) and pin 8 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 178 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

004312.06- TCL Direction Driver


44
Forward, neutral, reverse (FNR) switch (S5) inputs shorted to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Requested Gear Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Transmission Control Lever Check

Action:

Check transmission control lever. See Transmission Control Lever (TCL) Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Did TCL check OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Repair or replace TCL.
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 179 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48).
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Check for continuity between pin A3 (wire T505 BLU) of VCU connector (X11) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Transmission control lever (TCL) connector (X48) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Check for continuity between pins listed bellow and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X13).

Pin A3 (T505 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).


Pin C1 (T705 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin C2 (T605 BLU) of VCU connector (X11).
Pin 7 (T105 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 8 (T405 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 19 (T205 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 20 (T305 BLU) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 12 (G001 BLK) of TCL connector (X48).

Is continuity indicated between pins?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 180 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522379.03- Park Brake


44
Park brake release solenoid (Y7) high side driver circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Park Brake Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Park Brake Release Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Park brake release solenoid (Y7). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin A (wire J007 TAN) of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 181 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Replace park brake release solenoid (Y7).
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin G4 (wire J007 TAN) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side circuit (wire J007 TAN) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 182 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522379.04- Park Brake


44
Park brake release solenoid (Y7) high side driver circuit is shorted to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Park Brake Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Park Brake Release Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Park brake release solenoid (Y7). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace park brake release solenoid (Y7).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 183 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin A (wire J007 TAN) of park brake release solenoid (Y7) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side driver circuit (wire J007 TAN) is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
OK:
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin G4 (wire J007 TAN) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side driver circuit (wire J007 TAN) is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 184 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522379.05- Park Brake


44
Park brake release solenoid (Y7) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Park Brake Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Park Brake Release Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Park brake release solenoid (Y7). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace park brake release solenoid (Y7).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 185 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector 1 (X11).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire J007 TAN) of park brake release solenoid (Y7) and pin G4 of VCU connector 1 (X11).
Pin B (wire R007 BLK) of park brake release solenoid (Y7) and pin B4 of VCU connector 1 (X11).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 186 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522379.06- Park Brake


44
Park brake release solenoid (Y7) low side driver short to power and high side driver circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Park Brake Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Park Brake Release Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Park Brake Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Park brake release solenoid (Y7). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin B (wire R007 BLK) of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Short to Ground Check
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 187 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin A (wire J007 TAN) of park brake release solenoid (Y7) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:High side driver circuit (wire J007 TAN) is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 5 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
Check for resistance between pin A and pin B of park brake release solenoid (Y7).
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct resistance indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Interchange Check.


NO:Replace park brake release solenoid (Y7).
( 6 ) Component Interchange Check

Action:

Exchange park brake solenoid (Y7) with differential lock solenoid (Y10).
Does problem follow solenoid?

Result:

YES:Solenoid is internally shorting under load. Replace differential lock solenoid (Y10).
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake release solenoid (Y7) disconnected.
VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between pin B4 (wire R007 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Low side driver circuit (wire R007 BLK) is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 188 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 189 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522382.03- Reverse Alarm


44
The vehicle control unit (VCU) (A1) measured voltage ≥ 7.4 V for 1 second when driver was commanded OFF.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Reverse Alarm Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Backup alarm (H3). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see
Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect backup alarm (H3).
Disconnect VCU connector 1 (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin G3 (wire M705 PUR) of VCU connector 1 (X11).
Is voltage ≥ 7.4?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 190 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).


( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X12, X13, and X14).
Backup alarm (H3) disconnected.
VCU connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin G3 (wire M705 PUR) of VCU connector 1 (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 191 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522382.06- Reverse Alarm


44
Backup alarm (H3) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Reverse Alarm Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Backup alarm (H3). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Frame ground near starter motor (W1). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see
Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect backup alarm (H3).
Apply approximately 12 V to the positive (+) terminal and machine ground to negative (-) terminal of backup alarm (H3).
Did backup alarm (H3) become active?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace backup alarm (H3).
( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 192 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Backup alarm (H3) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector 1 (X11).
Check for continuity between pin H3 (wire M705 PUR) of VCU connector 1 (X11) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X12, X13, and X14).
Backup alarm (H3) disconnected.
VCU connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin G3 (wire M705 PUR) of VCU connector 1 (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 193 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522405.03- PB Pressure Switch


44
Park brake pressure switch (B13) circuit is shorted to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Park Brake Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Park Brake Release Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Park Brake Pressure Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Park brake pressure switch (B13). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect park brake pressure switch (B13).
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check pin A (wire M513 PUR) of park brake pressure switch (B13) for 0.0 V.
Is 0.0 V indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 194 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to VCU Connector Check.


( 4 ) VCU Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake pressure switch (B13) disconnected.
VCU connector (X12) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin D1 of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connector (X12).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Park brake pressure switch (B13) disconnected.
VCU connector (X12) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11 and X13)
Check for continuity between pin D1 (wire M513 PUR) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 195 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

523689.04- Diff Lock Switch


44
Differential lock switch (S10) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Diff Lock Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Differential lock switch (S10). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect differential lock switch (S10).
Check for continuity between pin A and pin B of differential lock switch (S10) in OFF position.
Is continuity indicated in OFF position?

Result:

YES:Replace differential lock switch (S10).


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 4 ) Harness Check
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 196 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Differential lock switch (S10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, and X13).
Check for continuity between pin 31 (wire W010 BLU) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 197 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

523689.07- Diff Lock Switch


44
Differential lock switch (S10) has been closed for more than 10 minutes or for 20 seconds after power up.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)
See Differential Lock Pressure Test . (Group 9020-25.)

Diff Lock Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Differential lock switch (S10). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect differential lock switch (S10).
Check for continuity between pin A and pin B of differential lock switch (S10) in OFF position.
Is continuity indicated in OFF position?

Result:

YES:Replace differential lock switch (S10).


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 4 ) Harness Check
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 198 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Differential lock switch (S10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, and X13).
Check for continuity between pin 31 (wire W010 BLU) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.
523702.07- Flexpower
44
The engine control unit (ECU) is not receiving the flex power message from the vehicle control unit (VCU).
Alarm Level:
No Warning Lamp
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Flexpower Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controllers.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 199 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

523702.08- Flexpower
44
The vehicle control unit (VCU) has received a message from the engine control unit (ECU) indicating the ECU has not received
the torque limit message from the VCU.
Alarm Level:
No Warning Lamp
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Flexpower Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controllers.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
523702.09- Flexpower
44
The vehicle control unit (VCU) is not receiving the flex power message from the engine control unit (ECU).
Alarm Level:
No Warning Lamp
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 200 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Flexpower Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controllers.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
523702.10- Flexpower
44
The vehicle control unit (VCU) has received a message from the engine control unit (ECU) at an abnormal rate of change.
Alarm Level:
No Warning Lamp
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Flexpower Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 201 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controllers.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
523769.07- MFWD Switch
44
MFWD switch conflicting CAN data. Momentary and Maintained switch status.
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

MFWD Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 202 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 203 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

524172.03- Clutch Disconnect


44
Clutch disconnect switch stuck or circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)

→NOTE:

Clutch disconnect switch (S8) is used without single lever loader control with auxiliary.
Clutch disconnect switch (S38) is used with single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch Disconnect Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

→NOTE:
Clutch disconnect switch (S8) is used without single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch disconnect switch (S8). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring Diagram
. (Group 9015-10.)
Loader control lever connector (X58). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

→NOTE:
Clutch disconnect switch (S38) is used with single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch disconnect switch (S38). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Loader control lever connector (X58). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 204 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect loader control lever connector (X58).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin 6 (wire T008 BLU) of loader control lever connector (X58).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Go to Component Check.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

sss:
Is clutch disconnect switch stuck ON?

Switched power OFF.


Clutch disconnect switch disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin A and pin B of clutch disconnect switch in OFF position.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Replace clutch disconnect switch.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Clutch disconnect switch disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11 and X12).
Check for continuity between pin 23 (wire T008 BLU) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 205 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

524172.04- Clutch Disconnect


44
Clutch disconnect switch circuit is shorted to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)

→NOTE:

Clutch disconnect switch (S8) is used without single lever loader control with auxiliary.
Clutch disconnect switch (S38) is used with single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch Disconnect Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

→NOTE:
Clutch disconnect switch (S8) is used without single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch disconnect switch (S8). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring Diagram
. (Group 9015-10.)
Loader control lever connector (X58). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

→NOTE:
Clutch disconnect switch (S38) is used with single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch disconnect switch (S38). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Loader control lever connector (X58). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 206 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect loader control lever connector (X58).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 6 (wire T008 BLU) of loader control lever connector (X58) and machine ground.
Pin 7 (wire P035 RED) of loader control lever connector (X58) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Clutch disconnect switch disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11 and X12).
Check for continuity between pin 23 (wire T008 BLU) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
and X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 207 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

524172.07- Clutch Disconnect


44
Clutch disconnect switch circuit open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Transmission Control Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Differential Lock Operation . (Group 9020-05.)

→NOTE:

Clutch disconnect switch (S8) is used without single lever loader control with auxiliary.
Clutch disconnect switch (S38) is used with single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch Disconnect Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

→NOTE:
Clutch disconnect switch (S8) is used without single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch disconnect switch (S8). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring Diagram
. (Group 9015-10.)
Loader control lever connector (X58). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

→NOTE:
Clutch disconnect switch (S38) is used with single lever loader control with auxiliary.

Clutch disconnect switch (S38). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Loader control lever connector (X58). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Wiring
Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Wiring Diagram . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 208 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 30: Transmission Control Unit (TCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect loader control lever connector (X58).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin 7 (wire P035 RED) of loader control lever connector (X58).
Is voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Go to Fuse Check.
( 4 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Remove transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
Check fuse for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Replace transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
( 5 ) Component Check

Action:

sss:
Does clutch disconnect switch move freely?

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect clutch disconnect switch.
Check for continuity between pin A and pin B of clutch disconnect switch in ON position.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace clutch disconnect switch.
( 6 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Loader control lever connector (X58) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 209 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Check for continuity between:

Pin 6 (wire T008 BLU) of loader control lever connector (X58) and pin 23 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 7 (wire P035 RED) of loader control lever connector (X58) and pin C7 of fuse and relay block (X3).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
524172.09- Clutch Disconnect
44
CAN communication lost between the JSR & TCU.
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Clutch Disconnect Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 210 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Group 40 - Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes


Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes
The diagnostic trouble code number is indicated by a suspect parameter number (SPN) and a failure mode indicator (FMI)
number. In the example 000168.04 , 000168 is the SPN and 04 is the FMI number.

Diagnostic trouble codes can be displayed using the standard display monitor (SDM) or by using Service ADVISOR ™ .
See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Main Menu—Diagnostics—Codes . (Operator′s Manual.)
See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.)

Note: For in-depth diagnostics on all VCU diagnostic trouble codes, see specific code diagnostic procedure in this group.
000168.03- Battery Voltage
328
Battery voltage input is above 15 V.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-20.)


See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation

Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Battery Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage less than 15 V?

Result:

YES:Go to System Voltage Check.


NO:Replace battery.
( 2 ) System Voltage Check

Action:

Engine RUNNING.
Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage more than 15 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Alternator Check.


NO:Reprogram controller.
( 3 ) Alternator Check

Action:

See Alternator Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does alternator pass test procedure?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 211 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Repair or replace alternator.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 212 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000168.04- Battery Voltage


328
Battery voltage input is below 11.7 V.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-20.)

Battery Voltage Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Battery Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage approximately 12 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Intermittent Check.


NO:Clean and tighten battery terminals. See Check Battery Electrolyte Level and Terminals . (Operator′s Manual.) Charge
batteries. See Using Battery Charger . (Operator′s Manual.)
( 2 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Fuse and relay block (X3). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-15.)
Accessory relay (K20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location .
(Group 9015-15.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Fuse Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 213 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check for following fuses for continuity and proper amperage rating. See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group
9015-10.)

Main 250 A Fuse (F1)


VCU Switched Power 5 A Fuse (F33)

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuse(s).
( 5 ) Relay Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect accessory relay (K20).
Apply 12 V to pin 1 of accessory relay (K20).
Apply ground to pin 1 of accessory relay (K20).
sss:
Did accessory relay (K20) “Click”

Check for continuity between pin 3 of accessory relay (K20) and pin 5 of accessory relay (K20).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace accessory relay (K20).
( 6 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Engine RUNNING.
Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage approximately 12 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Go to Alternator Check.
( 7 ) Alternator Check

Action:

See Alternator Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does alternator pass test procedure?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 214 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Repair or replace alternator.


( 8 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12)
Disconnect fuse and relay block (X3).
Check for continuity between:

Pin L1 (wire P017 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and pin D8 of fuse and relay block (X3).
Pin M1 (wire P033 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and pin AA8 of fuse and relay block (X3).
Pin 3 (wire G001 BLK) of VCU connector (X12) and operator station floor ground (W2).
Pin 4 (wire G001 BLK) of VCU connector (X12) and operator station floor ground (W2).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
000234.02- Software Incorrect
328
The software on the controllers are not compatible. Install the latest payloads.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Software Incorrect Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Switched power ON. Using Service ADVISOR ™ or standard display monitor (SDM), clear diagnostic trouble codes (DTC). Cycle
switched power. Does DTC return?

Result:

YES:Go to Software Version Check.


NO:Checks complete.
( 2 ) Software Version Check

Action:

Check software version numbers for VCU and SDM. Do controllers have the same major revision number?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Install compatible version of software.
000237.02- VIN Mismatch
328
Software data erratic, intermittent or incorrect.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 215 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

VIN Mismatch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Software PIN Check.
( 2 ) Software PIN Check

Action:

Using Service ADVISOR ™ , verify proper PIN is stored in software.


See Service ADVISOR™ Connection Procedure . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct PIN number stored?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Update controller with correct PIN number.
000237.13- VIN Mismatch
328
Messages are missing or other controllers in CAN network are not completed in the required time.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to
( 2 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Perform CAN circuit test. See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)
Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Go to Software Version Check.


NO:Repair or replace circuit. See appropriate schematic or wiring diagram.
( 3 ) Software Version Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 216 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Using Service ADVISOR ™ , verify proper software versions of all controllers. If new software is available, update all controllers
and install new software.
See Service ADVISOR™ Connection Procedure . (Group 9015-20.)
Is correct software stored?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Update controller with correct software.
000237.31- VIN Missing
328
The model number and VIN number is missing in the vehicle control unit (VCU).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

VIN Missing Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:
( 2 ) Program Controller

Action:

Program the vehicle control unit (VCU).


Is DTC 000237.31 still active?

Result:

YES:Replace vehicle control unit (VCU).


NO:Checks complete.
000628.12- Memory Error
17
The engagement and monitor unit (EMU) has detected an internal error.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References: See Engagement and Monitor Unit (EMU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Memory Error Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 217 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Reset Controller.


( 2 ) Reset Controller

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Wait 20 seconds.
Switched power ON.
Check for active EMU codes.
Is EMU code 000628.12 present?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Checks complete.
000629.12- Controller Fault
328
The vehicle control unit (VCU) is faulty.
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp Indicator
Additional References: See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)

Controller Fault Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Diagnostic Trouble Code Check

Action:

Check diagnostic trouble codes. See Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . (Group 9015-20.)
Are other CAN communication diagnostic trouble codes present?

Result:

YES:Correct other diagnostic trouble codes and recheck.


NO:Replace vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 218 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000677.03- Start Relay


328
Starter relay (K5) circuit is short to power. (IT4 only.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Starter Relay Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Starter relay (K5). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
ECU connector 3 (X5503). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Start Relay Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Disconnect starter relay (K5).
Apply 12 V to terminal 1 and ground to terminal 2 of starter relay (K5).
sss:
Does starter relay (K5) “Click”?

IMPORTANT:
Starter relay (K5) contains a diode between terminal C1 and C2.

Check for continuity between terminal C1 (positive) and terminal C2 (negative) of starter relay (K5).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 219 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace starter relay (K5).
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Disconnect ECU connector 3 (X5503).


Connect negative battery terminal.
Starter relay (K5) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check for 0.0 V at:

Pin 26 (R005 BLK) of ECU connector 3 (X5503).


Pin 30 (E005 WHT) of ECU connector 3 (X5503).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit with voltage is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


ECU connector 3 (X5503) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU Connector 1 (X5501).
Disconnect ECU Connector 2 (X5502).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 26 (R005 BLK) of ECU connector 3 (X5503) and all other pins of ECU connectors.
Pin 30 (E005 WHT) of ECU connector 3 (X5503) and all other pins of ECU connectors.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program Controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 220 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000677.05- Start Relay


328
Start relay (K5) control circuit is open. (IT4 Only.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Starter Relay Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Starter relay (K5). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
ECU connector 3 (X5503). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Start Relay Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Disconnect starter relay (K5).
Apply 12 V to terminal 1 and ground to terminal 2 of starter relay (K5).
sss:
Does starter relay (K5) “Click”?

IMPORTANT:
Starter relay (K5) contains a diode between terminal C1 and C2.

Check for continuity between terminal C1 (positive) and terminal C2 (negative) of starter relay (K5).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 221 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Replace starter relay (K5).
( 4 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect ECU connector 3 (X5503).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 26 (R005 BLK) of ECU connector 3 (X5503) and terminal C2 of starter relay (K5).
Pin 30 (E005 WHT) of ECU connector 3 (X5503) and terminal C1 of starter relay (K5).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program Controller.
NO:Circuit with out continuity is open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 222 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

000677.06- Start Relay


328
Starter relay (K5) circuit is short to ground. (IT4 Only.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Starter Relay Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Starter relay (K5). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
ECU connector 3 (X5503). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Disconnect starter relay (K5).

IMPORTANT:
Starter relay (K5) contains a diode between terminal C1 and C2.

Check for continuity between terminal C1 (positive) and terminal C2 (negative) of starter relay (K5).
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 223 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Replace starter relay (K5).


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Disconnect ECU connector 3 (X5503).


Starter relay (K5) disconnected.
Check for continuity between:

Pin 26 (R005 BLK) of ECU connector 3 (X5503) and machine ground.


Pin 30 (E005 WHT) of ECU connector 3 (X5503) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


ECU connector 3 (X5503) disconnected.
Disconnect ECU Connector 1 (X5501).
Disconnect ECU Connector 2 (X5502).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 26 (R005 BLK) of ECU connector 3 (X5503) and all other pins of ECU connectors.
Pin 30 (E005 WHT) of ECU connector 3 (X5503) and all other pins of ECU connectors.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program Controller.
001237.31- Engine Shutdown
328
Delayed engine shutdown was not properly completed. During turbocharger cool down period (120 seconds maximum) engine
was shut down before the proper amount of cool down time was allowed to pass.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Engine Shutdown Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Code Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 224 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Run machine at slow idle for 5—10 minutes.


Turn machine Off.

IMPORTANT:
If “ENGINE SHUTDOWN” is displayed on monitor, do not abort.

Switched power ON.


Check for active VCU DTC 001237.31—Engine Shutdown.
Is code active?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 225 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001321.16- Starter Relay


328
Starter motor (M1) was engaged for 30 or more seconds. Starter motor needs to be disengaged for 60 seconds to reset engine
control unit (ECU) internal timer. (IT4 Only.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Starter Relay Open Circuit Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Active Code Check.
( 2 ) Active Code Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for active VCU diagnostic trouble code 000677.03—Start Relay.
Is code active?

Result:

YES:Diagnose and clear active code 000677.03.


NO:Go to Connector Check
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Starter motor (M1). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Starter relay (K5). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
ECU connector 3 (X5503). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Start Relay Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 226 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect starter motor (M1).
Switched power ON.
Check wire (E009 WHT) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Is voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Repair or replace starter.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 227 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001638.00- Hyd Temp Sensor


328
Hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10) measured temperature exceeding 230ºF (110ºC). (IT4 Only.)
Alarm Level:
Red Stop Lamp Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Hydraulic Oil Overheats . (Group 9025-15.)

Hydraulic Temperature Sensor Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Check.
( 2 ) Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Check

Action:

Perform Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Test . (Group 9025-25.)

Result:

YES:Go to Hydraulic Circuit Pressure Check


NO:Diagnose and repair hydraulic oil cooler.
( 3 ) Hydraulic Circuit Pressure Check

Action:

Perform Hydraulic Circuit Pressure Release test. (Group 9025-25.)


Does hydraulic circuit pressure release test OK?

Result:

YES:Go to Hydraulic Oil Filter Check.


NO:Diagnose and repair hydraulic circuit.
( 4 ) Hydraulic Oil Filter Check

Action:

See Replace Hydraulic Oil Filter . (Operator’s manual.)


Warm up hydraulic oil. See Hydraulic Oil Warm-Up Procedure . (Group 9025-25.)
Check for active code 001638.00—Hyd Temp Sensor.
Is code active?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 228 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 229 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001638.04- Hyd Temp Sensor


328
Hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10) circuit voltage is out of range low. (IT4 Only.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Hydraulic Oil Overheats . (Group 9025-15.)

Hydraulic Temperature Sensor Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10).
Measure hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10). See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Does hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10) meet specifications?

Result:

YES:Go to Circuit Check.


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Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10).


( 4 ) Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between

Pin 31 (wire X010 YEL) of VCU connector (X13) and pin A of hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10).
Pin L2 (wire R059 BLK ) of VCU connector (X11) and pin A of hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 231 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001638.16- Hyd Temp Sensor


328
Hydraulic oil temperature sensor (B10) is measuring temperature is rising and exceeds 210ºF (99ºC). (IT4 Only.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Hydraulic Oil Overheats . (Group 9025-15.)

Hydraulic Temperature Sensor Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Check.
( 2 ) Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Check

Action:

Perform Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Test . (Group 9025-25.)

Result:

YES:Go to Hydraulic Oil Filter Check.


NO:Diagnose and repair hydraulic oil cooler.
( 3 ) Hydraulic Oil Filter Check

Action:

See Replace Hydraulic Oil Filter . (Operator’s manual.)


Warm up hydraulic oil. See Hydraulic Oil Warm-Up Procedure . (Group 9025-25.)
Check for active code 001638.16—Hyd Temp Sensor.
Is code active?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 232 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001713.00- Hyd Oil Restriction


328
Hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12) is closed. (Restricted.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Hydraulic Oil Overheats . (Group 9025-15.)

Hydraulic Oil Restriction Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Switch Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Switch Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12) connector.
Check for continuity between pins 1 and 2 on hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12) connector.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Short in hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12). Replace switch.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 233 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Component Check.


( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12).
Check for continuity between pin 1 of hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Replace hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12).


NO:Go to Circuit Check.
( 5 ) Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Hydraulic oil filter restriction switch (B12) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 31 (wire N112 YEL) of VCU connector (X13) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Check

Action:

Perform Hydraulic Oil Cooler Restriction Test . (Group 9025-25.)

Result:

YES:Go to Hydraulic Circuit Pressure Check


NO:Diagnose and repair hydraulic oil cooler.
( 7 ) Hydraulic Oil Filter Check

Action:

See Replace Hydraulic Oil Filter . (Operator’s manual.)


Warm up hydraulic oil. See Hydraulic Oil Warm-Up Procedure . (Group 9025-25.)
Check for active code 001713.00—Hyd Oil Restriction.
Is code active?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 234 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001762.03- Hydraulic Pressure


328
Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) circuit is short to power. (Above 4.5 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Hydraulic Pressure Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect:

Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).

Switched power ON.


Check the following pins for 0.0 V.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 235 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Pin 1 (wire R055 BLK) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).


Pin 2 (wire P055 RED) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).
Pin 4 (wire N030 YEL) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit with voltage is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) disconnected.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X13 and X14)
Seat position sensor (B9).

Check for continuity between:

Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 13 (wire N030 YEL) of VCU connector X12 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 236 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001762.04- Hydraulic Pressure


328
Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) circuit is open or short to ground. (Below 0.4 V)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Hydraulic Pressure Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) connector.
Switched power ON.
Check pin 2 (wire P055 RED) for voltage above 0.4 V.
Is correct voltage indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 237 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) disconnected.
Measure resistance between pins 2 (wire P055 RED) and 4 (wire N030 YEL) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).
Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).
( 5 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).

Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire R055 BLK) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) and pin H2 of VCU connector X11.
Pin 2 (wire P055 RED) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) and pin J2 of VCU connector X11.
Pin 4 (wire N030 YEL) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) and pin 13 of VCU connector X12 .

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Circuit with out continuity is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) disconnected.
VCU connectors X11 and X12 disconnected.
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire R055 BLK) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) and machine ground.
Pin 2 (wire P055 RED) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) and machine ground.
Pin 4 (wire N030 YEL) of hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 238 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) disconnected.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X13 and X14)
Seat position sensor (B9).

Check for continuity between:

Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 13 (wire N030 YEL) of VCU connector X12 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 239 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001762.16- Hydraulic Pressure


328
Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) data above maximum values during calibration.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Hydraulic System Operation . (Group 9025-05.)

Hydraulic Pressure Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Calibrate Machine Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Calibrate Machine Check

Action:

Calibrate machine hydraulics.


See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Service Menu . (Group 9015-16.)
Does machine pass hydraulic calibration?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO: See Hydraulic System Operation . (Group 9025-05.)
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 240 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

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Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

001762.18- Hydraulic Pressure


328
Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26) data below minimum values during calibration.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Hydraulic System Operation . (Group 9025-05.)

Hydraulic Pressure Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission harness-to cab/canopy harness connector (X21). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Calibrate Machine Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Calibrate Machine Check

Action:

Calibrate machine hydraulics.


See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Service Menu . (Group 9015-16.)
Does machine pass hydraulic calibration?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO: See Hydraulic System Operation . (Group 9025-05.)
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 242 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 243 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002141.09- No CAN from SSM


328
Loss of controller area network (CAN) communication with sealed switch module (SSM).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

No CAN from SSM Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect fuse (F17). See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Check fuse (F17) for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuse(s) without continuity indicated.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect SSM connector (X40). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Ignition ON.
Check circuit P017 RED for voltage at pin 1 on SSM connector (X40).
Is system voltage (approximately 12 Volts) present at all pins?

Result:

YES:Go to Ground Circuit Check.


NO:Wire(s) without voltage are open. Repair wire or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Ground Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 244 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect SSM connector (X40). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Check circuit G001 BLK for ground at pin 2 on SSM connector (X40).
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit G001 BLK is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 5 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Program sealed switch module (SSM).


NO:Repair CAN circuit.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 245 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002142.09- No CAN from SSM


328
Loss of controller area network (CAN) communication with sealed switch module (SSM).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

No CAN from SSM Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect fuse (F17). See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Check fuse (F17) for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuse(s) without continuity indicated.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect SSM connector (X40). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Ignition ON.
Check circuit P017 RED for voltage at pin 1 on SSM connector (X40).
Is system voltage (approximately 12 Volts) present at all pins?

Result:

YES:Go to Ground Circuit Check.


NO:Wire(s) without voltage are open. Repair wire or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Ground Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 246 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect SSM connector (X40). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Check circuit G001 BLK for ground at pin 2 on SSM connector (X40).
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit G001 BLK is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 5 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Program sealed switch module (SSM).


NO:Repair CAN circuit.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 247 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002228.09- No CAN from HVC


328
Loss of controller area network (CAN) communication with hydraulic valve controller (HVC).
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

No CAN from HVC Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) HVC Sensor Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect to OFF. Wait 5 seconds and turn battery disconnect to ON.
View hydraulic valve controller (HVC) monitored sensor outputs, by accessing the Diagnostics submenu on the standard display
monitor (SDM). See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Diagnostics . (Group 9015-16.)
Are all hydraulic valve controller sensor values displayed on the SDM?

Result:

YES:Program hydraulic valve controller (HVC).


NO:Go to Fuse Check.
( 2 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect fuses (F14 and F32). See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Check fuses (F14 and F32) for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace fuse(s) without continuity indicated.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect HVC connector (X16).
Ignition ON.
Check circuit P014 RED for voltage at pins L1 on HVC connector (X16).
Check circuit P032 RED for voltage at pin M1 on HVC connector (X16).
Is system voltage (approximately 12 Volts) present at all pins?

Result:

YES:Go to Ground Circuit Check.


NO:Wire(s) without voltage are open. Repair wire or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 248 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Ground Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect HVC connectors (X16).
Check circuit G007 BLK for ground at pins G1, K4, L2, and M2 on HVC connector (X16).
Check circuit G007 BLK for ground at pin H4 on HVC connector (X15).
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit G007 BLK is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to CAN Circuit Check.
( 5 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does CAN circuit test good?

Result:

YES:Replace the hydraulic valve controller (HVC).


NO:Repair CAN circuit.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 249 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002228.12- EH Watchdog
328
The VCU is not receiving the HVC messages.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

EH Watchdog Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to CAN Resistor Check.
( 2 ) CAN Resistor Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Resistor Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN resistance check within specification?

Result:

YES:Go to CAN Circuit Check.


NO:Replace CAN resistor.
( 3 ) CAN Circuit Check

Action:

Perform Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Did CAN circuit check within specification?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 250 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002350.03- Drive Lights


328
Left front turn signal (E12), left rear turn signal (E11), right front turn signal (E14) or right rear turn signal (E13) circuit is short
to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Drive Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front turn signal (E12). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left rear turn signal (E11). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front turn signal (E14). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear turn signal (E13). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front turn signal (E12).
Disconnect left rear turn signal (E11).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 251 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


NO:Replace left front turn signal (E12) or left rear turn signal (E11).
( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front turn signal (E14).
Disconnect right rear turn signal (E13).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right front turn signal (E14) or right rear turn signal (E13).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Left front turn signal (E12) disconnected.
Left rear turn signal (E11) disconnected.
Right front turn signal (E14) disconnected.
Right rear turn signal (E13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X12).
Check circuit L047 BRN for power at pin A of turn signals (E11, E12, E13, and E14) harness connectors.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L047 BRN or L048 BRN is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Left front turn signal (E12) disconnected.
Left front turn signal (E11) disconnected.
Right rear turn signal (E14) disconnected.
Right rear turn signal (E13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 18 (wire L047 BRN) on VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 30 (wire L048 BRN) on VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 252 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Circuit L047 BRN or L048 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See
appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 253 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002350.05- Drive Lights


328
Left front turn signal (E12), left rear turn signal (E11), right front turn signal (E14) or right rear turn signal (E13) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Drive Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front turn signal (E12). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left rear turn signal (E11). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front turn signal (E14). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear turn signal (E13). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front turn signal (E12).
Disconnect left rear turn signal (E11).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 254 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


NO:Replace left front turn signal (E12) or left rear turn signal (E11).
( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front turn signal (E14).
Disconnect right rear turn signal (E13).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace right front turn signal (E14) or right rear turn signal (E13).
( 5 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).
Left front turn signal (E12) disconnected.
Left rear turn signal (E11) disconnected.
Right front turn signal (E14) disconnected.
Right rear turn signal (E13) disconnected.
Check for continuity from pin 18 (wire L047 BRN) of VCU connector (X12) to machine ground.
Check for continuity from pin 30 (wire L048 BRN) of VCU connector (X12) to machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 255 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002350.06- Drive Lights


328
Left front turn signal (E12), left rear turn signal (E11), right front turn signal (E14) or right rear turn signal (E13) circuit is short
to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Drive Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front turn signal (E12). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left rear turn signal (E11). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front turn signal (E14). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear turn signal (E13). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Left.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check — Left

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front turn signal (E12).
Disconnect left rear turn signal (E11).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 256 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Right.


NO:Replace left front turn signal (E12) or left rear turn signal (E11).
( 4 ) Component Check — Right

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front turn signal (E14).
Disconnect right rear turn signal (E13).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right front turn signal (E14) or right rear turn signal (E13).
( 5 ) Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X12).
Left front turn signal (E12) disconnected.
Left rear turn signal (E11) disconnected.
Right front turn signal (E14) disconnected.
Right rear turn signal (E13) disconnected.
Check for continuity at:

Pin 30 (wire L048 BRN) of VCU connector (X12) to machine ground.Pin 18 (wire L047 BRN) of VCU connector (X12) to
machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 257 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002354.03- Front Work Lights


328
Left front drive light (E7), right front drive light (E8), left brake/tail light (E9), or right brake/tail light (E10) circuit is short power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front drive light (E7). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front drive light (E8). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left brake/tail light (E9). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right brake/tail light (E10). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front drive light (E7).
Disconnect left brake/tail light (E9).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 258 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


NO:Replace left front drive light (E7) or left brake/tail light (E9).
( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front drive light (E8).
Disconnect right brake/tail light (E10).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right front drive light (E8) or right brake/tail light (E10).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Left front drive light (E7) disconnected.
Right front drive light (E8) disconnected.
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check circuit L043 BRN for power at pin A of turn signals (E7, E8, E9, and E10) harness connectors.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L043 BRN is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Left front drive light (E7) disconnected.
Right front drive light (E8) disconnected.
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 5 (wire L043 BRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit L043 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 259 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 260 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002354.05- Front Work Lights


328
Left front drive light (E7), right front drive light (E8), left brake/tail light (E9), or right brake/tail light (E10) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front drive light (E7). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front drive light (E8). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left brake/tail light (E9). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right brake/tail light (E10). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front drive light (E7).
Disconnect left brake/tail light (E9).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 261 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


NO:Replace left front drive light (E7) or left brake/tail light (E9).
( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front drive light (E8).
Disconnect right brake/tail light (E10).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace right front drive light (E8) or right brake/tail light (E10).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Left front drive light (E7) disconnected.


Right front drive light (E8) disconnected.
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire L043 BRN) of left front drive light (E7) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left front drive light (E7) for 0.0 V.
Pin 1 (wire L043 BRN) of right front drive light (E8) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right front drive light (E8) for 0.0 V.
Pin 1 (wire L043 BRN) of left brake/tail light (E9) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left brake/tail light (E9) for 0.0 V.
Pin 1 (wire L043 BRN) of right brake/tail light (E10) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right brake/tail light (E10) for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left front drive light (E7) disconnected.
Right front drive light (E8) disconnected.
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 262 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Pin 1 (wire L043 BRN) of left front drive light (E7) and pin 5 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left front drive light (E7) and machine ground.
Pin 1 (wire L043 BRN) of right front drive light (E8) and pin 5 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right front drive light (E8) and machine ground.
Pin 1 (wire L043 BRN) of left brake/tail light (E9) and pin 5 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left brake/tail light (E9) and machine ground.
Pin 1 (wire L043 BRN) of right brake/tail light (E10) and pin 5 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right brake/tail light (E10) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left front drive light (E7) disconnected.
Right front drive light (E8) disconnected.
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 5 of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins in VCU connector (X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 263 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002354.06- Front Work Lights


328
Left front drive light (E7) or right front drive light (E8) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front drive light (E7). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front drive light (E8). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front drive light (E7).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 264 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left front drive light (E7).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front drive light (E8).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Replace right front drive light (E8).
( 5 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13).
Left front drive light (E7) disconnected.
Right front drive light (E8) disconnected.
Check for continuity from pin 5 (wire L043 BRN) of VCU connector (X13) to machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 265 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002356.03- Front Work Lights


328
Left front work light (E5) or right front work light (E6) circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front work light (E5). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front work light (E5). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front work light (E5).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 266 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left front work light (E5).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front work light (E6).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right front work light (E6).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Left front work light (E5) disconnected.
Right front work light (E6) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check circuit L042 BRN for power at pin A of turn signals (E5 and E6) harness connectors.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L042 BRN is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Left front work light (E5) disconnected.
Right front work light (E6) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 2 (wire L042 BRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit L042 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 267 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002356.05- Front Work Lights


328
Left front work light (E5) or right front work light (E6) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front work light (E5). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front work light (E6). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front work light (E5).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 268 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left front work light (E5).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front work light (E6).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace right front work light (E6).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Left front work light (E5) disconnected.


Right front work light (E6) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire L042BRN) of left front work light (E5) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left front work light (E5) for 0.0 V.
Pin 1 (wire L042 BRN) of right front work light (E6) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right front work light (E6) for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left front work light (E5) disconnected.
Right front work light (E6) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire L042 BRN) of left front work light (E5) and pin 4 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 1 (wire L042 BRN) of right front work light (E6) and pin 4 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left front work light (E5) and machine ground.
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right front work light (E6) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 269 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left front work light (E5) disconnected.
Right front work light (E6) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 4 of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins in VCU connector (X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 270 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002356.06- Front Work Lights


328
Left front work light (E5) or right front work light (E6) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front work light (E5). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front work light (E6). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Left.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check — Left

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front work light (E5).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Right.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 271 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left front work light (E5).


( 4 ) Component Check — Right

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front work light (E6).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Circuit Check.


NO:Replace front work light (E6).
( 5 ) Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left front work light (E5) disconnected.
Right front work light (E6) disconnected.
Check for continuity at:

Pin G2 (wire L042 BRN) of VCU connector (X13) to machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 272 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002360.03- Rear Work Lights


328
Left rear work light (E1) or right rear work light (E4) circuit short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left rear work light (E1). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear work light (E4). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left rear work light (E1).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 273 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left rear work light (E1).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right rear work light (E4).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right rear work light (E4).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Left rear work light (E1) disconnected.
Right rear work light (E4) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check circuit L040 BRN for power at pin A of turn signals (E1 and E4) harness connectors.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L040 BRN is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Left rear work light (E1) disconnected.
Right rear work light (E4) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 2 (wire L040 BRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit L040 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 274 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002360.05- Rear Work Lights


328
Left rear work light (E1) or right rear work light (E4) circuit open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left rear work light (E1). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear work light (E4). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left rear work light (E1).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 275 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left rear work light (E1).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right rear work light (E4).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace right rear work light (E4).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Left rear work light (E1) disconnected.


Right rear work light (E4) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire L040 BRN) of left rear work light (E1) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left rear work light (E1) for 0.0 V.
Pin 1 (wire L040 BRN) of right rear work light (E4) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right rear work light (E4) for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left front work light (E1) disconnected.
Right front work light (E4) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire L040 BRN) of left rear work light (E1) and pin 2 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 1 (wire L040 BRN) of right rear work light (E4) and pin 2 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left rear work light (E1) and machine ground.
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right rear work light (E4) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 276 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left rear work light (E1) disconnected.
Right rear work light (E4) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 2 of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins in VCU connector (X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 277 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002360.06- Rear Work Lights


328
Left rear work light (E1) or right rear work light (E4) circuit short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left rear work light (E1). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear work light (E4). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Left.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check — Left

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left rear work light (E1).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Right.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 278 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left rear work light (E1).


( 4 ) Component Check — Right

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right rear work light (E4).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right rear work light (E4).
( 5 ) Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left rear work light (E1) disconnected.
Right rear work light (E4) disconnected.
Check for continuity at:

Pin 2 (wire L040 BRN) of VCU connector (X13) to machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 279 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002362.03- Rear Work Lights


328
Left rear work light (if equipped) (E2) or right rear work light (if equipped) (E3) circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left rear work light (E2). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear work light (E3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left rear work light (E2).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 280 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left rear work light (E2).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right rear work light (E3).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right rear work light (E3).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Left rear work light (E2) disconnected.
Right rear work light (E3) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check circuit L041 BRN for power at pin A of turn signals (E2 and E3) harness connectors.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L040 BRN is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Left rear work light (E2) disconnected.
Right rear work light (E3) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 2 (wire L041 BRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit L041 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 281 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002362.05- Rear Work Lights


328
Left rear work light (if equipped) (E2) or right rear work light (if equipped) (E3) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left rear work light (E2). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear work light (E3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left rear work light (E2).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 282 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left rear work light (E2).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right rear work light (E3).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace right rear work light (E3).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Left rear work light (E2) disconnected.


Right rear work light (E3) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire L041 BRN) of left rear work light (E2) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left rear work light (E2) for 0.0 V.
Pin 1 (wire L041 BRN) of right rear work light (E3) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right rear work light (E3) for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left front work light (E2) disconnected.
Right front work light (E3) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire L041 BRN) of left rear work light (E2) and pin 3 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 1 (wire L041 BRN) of right rear work light (E3) and pin 3 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left rear work light (E2) and machine ground.
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right rear work light (E3) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 283 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left rear work light (E2) disconnected.
Right rear work light (E3) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 3 of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins in VCU connector (X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 284 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002362.06- Rear Work Lights


328
Left rear work light (if equipped) (E2) or right rear work light (if equipped) (E3) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left rear work light (E1). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear work light (E4). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Left.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check — Left

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left docking light (E15).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Right.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 285 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left docking light (E15).


( 4 ) Component Check — Right

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right docking light (E16).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right docking light (E16).
( 5 ) Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left docking light (E15) disconnected.
Right docking light (E16) disconnected.
Check for continuity at:

Pin 17 and 53 (wires L044 BRN) of VCU connector (X13) to machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 286 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002366.03- Rear Work Lights


328
Left docking light (E15) or right docking light (E16) circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left docking light (E15). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right docking light (E16). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left docking light (E15).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 287 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left docking light (E15).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right docking light (E16).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right docking light (E16).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Left docking light (E15) disconnected.
Right docking light (E16) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check circuit L044 BRN for power at pin A of turn signals (E15 and E16) harness connectors.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L044 BRN is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Left docking light (E15) disconnected.
Right docking light (E16) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 17 and 53 (wire L044 BRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit L044 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 288 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002366.05- Side Work Lights


328
Left docking light (E15) or right docking light (E16) circuit open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Side Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left docking light (E15). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right docking light (E16). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Left Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Left Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left docking light (E15).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 289 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left docking light (E15).


( 4 ) Right Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right docking light (E16).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace right docking light (E16).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Left docking light (E15) disconnected.


Right docking light (E16) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire L044 BRN) of left docking light (E15) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left docking light (E15) for 0.0 V.
Pin 1 (wire L044 BRN) of right docking light (E16) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right docking light (E16) for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left front docking light (E15) disconnected.
Right docking light (E16) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire L044 BRN) of left rear work light (E2) and pin 17 and 53 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 1 (wire L044 BRN) of right rear work light (E3) and pin 17 and 53 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of left rear work light (E2) and machine ground.
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of right rear work light (E3) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 290 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left docking light (E15) disconnected.
Right docking light (E16) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 17 and 53 of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins in VCU connector (X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 291 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002366.06- Side Work Lights


328
Left docking light (E15) or right docking light (E16) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Side Work Lights Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left rear work light (E1). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right rear work light (E4). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Left.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check — Left

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left docking light (E15).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check — Right.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 292 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace left docking light (E15).


( 4 ) Component Check — Right

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right docking light (E16).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Circuit Check.


NO:Replace right docking light (E16).
( 5 ) Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left docking light (E15) disconnected.
Right docking light (E16) disconnected.
Check for continuity at:

Pin 17 and 53 (wires L044 BRN) of VCU connector (X13) to machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 293 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002368.03- Left Flasher


328
Left front turn signal (E35) or left rear turn signal (E39) circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Left Flasher Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, and debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. —232969): Left rear turn signal (E39) connector. See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. 235590— ): Left rear light assembly (E45) connector. See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Turn signal switch (S30) connector. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Rear frame harness connector (X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connectors.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32).
(S.N. —232969): Disconnect left rear turn signal (E39) connector.
(S.N. 235590— ): Disconnect left rear light assembly (E45) connector.
Disconnect VCU connector (X12).
Switched power ON.
All driving lights, work lights, and beacon light (if equipped) switched ON.
Check circuit L048 BRN for power at pin 30 of VCU connector (X12).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 294 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L048 BRN is short to power with circuit not on VCU connector 2 (X12). Repair circuit or replace harness. See
appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32) disconnected.
Left rear turn signal (E39) (S.N. —232969) or left rear light assembly (E45) (S.N. 235590— ) disconnected.
VCU connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 30 (wire L048 BRN) and all other pins of VCU connector 2 (X12).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit L048 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 295 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002368.05- Left Flasher


328
Left front turn signal (E35) or left rear turn signal (E39) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Left Flasher Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, and debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. —232969): Left rear turn signal (E39) connector. See Roof Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. 235590— ): Left rear light assembly (E45) connector. See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Turn signal switch (S30) connector. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Rear frame harness connector (X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Visual Check.


NO:Repair or replace connectors.
( 3 ) Visual Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Activate left turn signal.
sss:
Is one turn signal (front or rear) flashing?

Result:

YES:Malfunction in circuit with light not flashing. Go to Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 296 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Open in shared supply voltage circuit (between pin 30 of VCU connector 2 [X12] and splice L048 BRN [X591] of cab harness
[W14]). Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

→NOTE:
Only disconnect light that is not functioning.

Disconnect left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32).


or

(S.N. —232969): Disconnect left rear turn signal (E39) connector.


(S.N. 235590— ): Disconnect left rear light assembly (E45) connector.

Check light for continuity.


Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace light.
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Non-functioning light disconnected:

Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32)


(S.N. —232969): Left rear turn signal (E39) connector
(S.N. 235590— ): Left rear light assembly (E45) connector

Switched power ON.

Check for system voltage (approximately 12 V) at:

Pin 5 (wire L048 BRN) of left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32).

or

(S.N. —232969): Pin 1 (wire L048 BRN) of left rear turn signal (E39) connector.
(S.N. 235590— ): Pin 6 (wire L048 BRN) of left rear light assembly (E45) connector.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Ground Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace supply circuit. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Ground Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Non-functioning light disconnected:

Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32)


(S.N. —232969): Left rear turn signal (E39) connector
(S.N. 235590— ): Left rear light assembly (E45) connector

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 297 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect VCU connector 2 (X12).


Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire G020 BRN) of left rear drive light/turn signal (X32) and machine ground.

or

(S.N. —232969): Pin 5 (wire G033 BLK) of left rear turn signal (E39) connector and machine ground.
(S.N. 235590— ): Pin 4 (wire G031 BLK) of left rear light assembly (E45) connector and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program VCU.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 298 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002368.06- Left Flasher


328
Left front turn signal (E35) or left rear turn signal (E39) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Left Flasher Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, and debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. —232969): Left rear turn signal (E39) connector. See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. 235590— ): Left rear light assembly (E45) connector. See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Turn signal switch (S30) connector. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Rear frame harness connector (X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace connectors.
( 3 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

Disconnect left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32).


or
(S.N. —232969): Disconnect left rear turn signal (E39) connector.
(S.N. 235590— ): Disconnect left rear light assembly (E45) connector.
Disconnect VCU connector 2 (X12).
Check for continuity from pin 30 (wire L048 BRN) of VCU connector 2 (X12) to machine ground.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 299 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace circuit with continuity. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program VCU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 300 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002370.03- Right Flasher


328
Right rear turn signal (E38) or right front turn signal (E36) is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Right Flasher Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, and debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. —232969): Right rear turn signal (E38) connector. See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. 235590— ): Right rear light assembly (E46) connector. See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Turn signal switch (S30) connector. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Rear frame harness connector (X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connectors.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31).
(S.N. —232969): Disconnect right rear turn signal (E38) connector.
(S.N. 235590— ): Disconnect right rear light assembly (E46) connector.
Disconnect VCU connector (X12).
Switched power ON.
All driving lights, work lights, and beacon light (if equipped) switched ON.
Check circuit L047 BRN for power at pin 18 of VCU connector (X12).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 301 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L047 BRN is short to power with circuit not on VCU connector 2 (X12). Repair circuit or replace harness. See
appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31) disconnected.
Right rear turn signal (E38) (S.N. —232969) or right rear light assembly (E46) (S.N. 235590— ) disconnected.
VCU connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 18 (wire L047 BRN) and all other pins of VCU connector 2 (X12).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit L047 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 302 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002370.05- Right Flasher


328
Right front turn signal (E36) or right rear turn signal (E38) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Right Flasher Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, and debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pint fit and
continuity.

Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. —232969): Right rear turn signal (E38) connector. See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. 235590— ): Right rear light assembly (E46) connector. See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Turn signal switch (S30) connector. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Rear frame harness connector (X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Visual Check.


NO:Repair or replace connectors.
( 3 ) Visual Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Activate right turn signal.
sss:
Is one turn signal (front or rear) flashing?

Result:

YES:Malfunction in circuit with light not flashing. Go to Component Check.


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 303 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Open in shared supply voltage circuit (between pin 18 of VCU connector 2 [X12] and splice L047 BRN [X592] of cab harness
[W14]). Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

→NOTE:
Only disconnect light that is not functioning.

Disconnect right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31).


or

(S.N. —232969): Disconnect right rear turn signal (E38) connector.


(S.N. 235590— ): Disconnect right rear light assembly (E46) connector.

Check light for continuity.


Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace light.
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Non-functioning light disconnected:

Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31)


(S.N. —232969): Right rear turn signal (E38) connector
(S.N. 235590— ): Right rear light assembly (E46) connector

Switched power ON.

Check for system voltage (approximately 12 V) at:

Pin 5 (wire L047 BRN) of right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31).

or

(S.N. —232969): Pin 2 (wire L047 BRN) of right rear turn signal (E38) connector.
(S.N. 235590— ): Pin 6 (wire L047 BRN) of right rear light assembly (E46) connector.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Ground Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace supply circuit. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Ground Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Non-functioning light disconnected:

Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31)


(S.N. —232969): Right rear turn signal (E38) connector
(S.N. 235590— ): Right rear light assembly (E46) connector

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 304 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect VCU connector 2 (X12).


Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire G020 BRN) of right rear drive light/turn signal (X31) and machine ground.

or

(S.N. —232969): Pin 5 (wire G033 BLK) of right rear turn signal (E38) connector and machine ground.
(S.N. 235590— ): Pin 4 (wire G033 BLK) of right rear light assembly (E46) connector and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program VCU.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 305 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002370.06- Right Flasher


328
Right rear turn signal (E38) or right front turn signal (E36) is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Right Flasher Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, and debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. —232969): Right rear turn signal (E38) connector. See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
(S.N. 235590— ): Right rear light assembly (E46) connector. See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Turn signal switch (S30) connector. See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Rear frame harness connector (X33). See Rear Frame Harness (W38) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.


NO:Repair or replace connectors.
( 3 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31).
or
(S.N. —232969): Disconnect right rear turn signal (E38) connector.
(S.N. 235590— ): Disconnect right rear light assembly (E46) connector.

Disconnect VCU connector 2 (X12).

Check for continuity from pin 18 (wire L047 BRN) of VCU connector 2 (X12) to machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 306 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Repair or replace circuit with continuity. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program VCU.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 307 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002378.03- Marker Light


328
Left front marker light (E33) or right front marker light (E34) circuit is short to power. (315SK, 325SK, and 710K ONLY)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Marker Light Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Radio Connector (A5). See Radio Harness (W18) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left brake/tail light (E9). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right brake/tail light (E10). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
License Plate Light (E21). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left front marker light (E33). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front marker light (E34). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab Harness-to-Radio Harness Connector (X9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Front Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Front Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 308 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect left front marker light (E33).


Disconnect right front marker light (E34).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Rear Component Check.


NO:Replace left front marker light (E33) or right front maker light (E34).
( 4 ) Rear Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left brake/tail light (E9).
Disconnect right brake/tail light (E10).
Disconnect license plate light (E21).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace left brake/tail light (E9), right brake/tail light (E10), or license plate light (E21).
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
License plate light (E21) disconnected.
Left front marker light (E33) disconnected.
Right front marker light (E34) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X12).
Check circuit L055 BRN for power at pin A of turn signals (E9, E10, E21, E33, and E34) harness connectors.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit L047 BRN is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect battery power.


Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
License plate light (E21) disconnected.
Left front marker light (E33) disconnected.
Right front marker light (E34) disconnected.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 309 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, X13, and X14).


Check for continuity between pin 30 (wire L055 BRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit L047 BRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 310 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002378.05- Marker Light


328
Left front marker light (E33) or right front marker light (E34) circuit is open. (315SK, 325SK, and 710K ONLY)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Marker Light Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Radio Connector (A5). See Radio Harness (W18) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left brake/tail light (E9). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right brake/tail light (E10). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
License Plate Light (E21). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left front marker light (E33). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front marker light (E34). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab Harness-to-Radio Harness Connector (X9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Front Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 311 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect left front marker light (E33).


Disconnect right front marker light (E34).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Rear Component Check.


NO:Replace left front marker light (E33) or right front maker light (E34).
( 4 ) Rear Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left brake/tail light (E9).
Disconnect right brake/tail light (E10).
Disconnect license plate light (E21).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace left brake/tail light (E9), right brake/tail light (E10), or license plate light (E21).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.


Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
License plate light (E21) disconnected.
Left front marker light (E33) disconnected.
Right front marker light (E34) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire L055 BRN) of light connectors (E9, E10, E21, E32, and E33) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of light connectors (E9, E10, E21, E32, and E33) for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
License plate light (E21) disconnected.
Left front marker light (E32) disconnected.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 312 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Right front marker light (E33) disconnected.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire L055 BRN) of light connectors (E9, E10, E21, E32, and E33) and pin 8 of VCU connector (X13).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
License plate light (E21) disconnected.
Left front marker light (E32) disconnected.
Right front marker light (E33) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 8 of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins in VCU connector (X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 313 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002378.06- Marker Light


328
Left front marker light (E33) or right front marker light (E34) circuit is short to ground. (315SK, 325SK, and 710K ONLY)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Marker Light Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Radio Connector (A5). See Radio Harness (W18) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left brake/tail light (E9). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right brake/tail light (E10). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
License Plate Light (E21). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left front marker light (E33). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front marker light (E34). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab Harness-to-Radio Harness Connector (X9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right front drive light/turn signal connector (X31). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Left front drive light/turn signal connector (X32). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Front Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 314 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Disconnect left front marker light (E33).


Disconnect right front marker light (E44).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Rear Component Check.


NO:Replace left front marker light (E33) or right front maker light (E34).
( 4 ) Rear Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect left brake/tail light (E9).
Disconnect right brake/tail light (E10).
Disconnect license plate light (E21).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace left brake/tail light (E9), right brake/tail light (E10), or license plate light (E21).
( 5 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Radio (A9) connector disconnected


Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
License plate light (E21) disconnected.
Left front marker light (E33) disconnected.
Right front marker light (E34) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire L055 BRN) of light connectors (E9, E10, E21, E33, and E34) for system voltage (approximately 12 V).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of light connectors (E9, E10, E21, E33, and E34) for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Radio (A9) connector disconnected
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 315 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

License plate light (E21) disconnected.


Left front marker light (E33) disconnected.
Right front marker light (E34) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire L055 BRN) of light connectors (E9, E10, E21, E33, and E34) and pin 8 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G020 BLK) of light connectors (E9, E10, E21, E33, and E34) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Left front drive light (E7) disconnected.
Right front drive light (E8) disconnected.
Left brake/tail light (E9) disconnected.
Right brake/tail light (E10) disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin 5 of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins in VCU connector (X13).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 316 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

0002641.03- EH Horn
328
Horn relay (K40) circuit is short to power. (TMC machines ONLY.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

EH Horn Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Horn relay (K40). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect horn relay (K40).
Check continuity between terminals 30 and 87 of horn relay (K40).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Replace horn relay (K40).


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 317 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Horn relay (K40) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check pin 7 (wire A140 GRY) of VCU connector X13 for system voltage. (Approximately 12 V.)
Is voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Horn relay (K40) disconnected.


VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, and X14)

Check for continuity between pin 7 (wire A140 GRY) of VCU connector X13 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 318 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

0002641.05- EH Horn
328
Horn relay (K40) circuit is open. (TMC machines ONLY)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

EH Horn Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Horn relay (K40). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect horn relay (K40).

→NOTE:
Horn relay (K40) contains a diode between terminals 85 and 86.

Apply system voltage (approximately 12 V) to terminal 86 and ground to terminal 85.


sss:
Does Horn relay (K40) “click”?

Check continuity between terminals 30 and 87 of horn relay (K40).


Is continuity indicated?
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 319 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Replace horn relay (K40).
( 4 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Horn relay (K40) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin B10 (wire A140 GRY) of horn relay (K40) and pin 7 of VCU connector X13.
Pin D9 (wire G001 BLK) of horn relay (K40) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Circuit is open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 320 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

0002641.06- EH Horn
328
Horn relay (K40) circuit is short to ground. (TMC machines ONLY)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Engine Control Unit (ECU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

EH Horn Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Horn relay (K40). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect horn relay (K40).
Check continuity between terminals 30 and 87 of horn relay (K40).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Replace horn relay (K40).


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 321 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Horn relay (K40) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 7 (wire A140 GRY) of VCU connector X13 and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Horn relay (K40) disconnected.


VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, and X14)

Check for continuity between pin 7 (wire A140 GRY) of VCU connector X13 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 322 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002875.03- Hazard Wakeup


328
Sealed switch module (SSM) to vehicle control unit (VCU) circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Hazard Wakeup Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Sealed switch module (SSM) connector (X40). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect:

Sealed switch module (SSM) connector (X40).


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11).

Switched power ON.


Check the following pins for 0.0 V.

Pin 4 (wire L011 BRN) of SSM connector (X40).


Pin F2 (wire L011 BRN) of VCU connector (X11).

Is correct voltage indicated?


<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 323 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit with voltage is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11) disconnected.


Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X12, X13 and X14).

Check for continuity between pin F2 (wire L011 BRN) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 324 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

002876.07- Turn Signal Switch


328
Turn signal switch (S30) data is conflicting.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Turn Signal Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Turn signal switch (S30). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location
. (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect turn signal switch (S30).
Turn signal switch (S30) in the OFF position.

→NOTE:
Turn signal switch (S30) contains two diodes. One diode is located between pins 7 and 8, the other diode
is located between pins 7 and 10.

Check for continuity between:

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 325 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Pin 2 of turn signal switch (S30) and all other pins of turn signal switch (S30).
Pin 7 of turn signal switch (S30) and all other pins of turn signal switch (S30).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Switch malfunction. Replace turn signal switch (S30).


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Turn signal switch (S30) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11).


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X12).

Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire L147 BRN) of turn signal switch (S30) and machine ground.
Pin 3 (wire L148 BRN) of turn signal switch (S30) and machine ground.
Pin 8 (wire L048 BRN) of turn signal switch (S30) and machine ground.
Pin 10 (wire L047 BRN) of turn signal switch (S30) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with voltage is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn signal switch (S30) disconnected.


VCU connectors (X11 and X12) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X13 and X14).

Check for continuity between:

Pin D3 (wire L147 BRN) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin E2 (wire L148 BRN) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 30 (wire L048 BRN) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 18 (wire L047 BRN) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 326 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003416.03- Right Door Sw


328
Right door switch (S99) circuit is short to power. (TMC ONLY)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Right Door Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Right exit bar (B100). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right exit bar switch (S100).
Move exit lever into the UP position.
Check for continuity between pins 2 and 3 on switch (S100).
Check for continuity between pins 1 and 2 on switch (S100).
Move exit lever into the DOWN position.
Check for continuity between pins 1 and 3 on switch (S100).
Check for continuity between pins 1 and 2 on switch (S100).
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 327 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Right exit bar switch (S100) malfunction. Replace switch.


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right exit bar switch (S100).
Switched power ON.
Check circuit M199 PUR for voltage at pin 1 on switch (S100) connector.
Check circuit M099 PUR for voltage at pin 2 on switch (S100) connector.
Is system voltage present on either circuit?

Result:

YES:Circuit with system voltage present is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness.
NO:Go to Short Circuit Check—Input Circuits.
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check—Input Circuits

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13) and right exit bar switch (S100).
Check for continuity between pin 2 (circuit M099 PUR) on switch (S100) connector and pin 1 (circuit M199 PUR) on switch
(S100) connector.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuits M099 PUR and M199 PUR are short to each other. Repair circuits or replace harness.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 328 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003416.04- Right Door Sw


328
Right door switch (S99) circuit is short to ground. (TMC ONLY)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Right Door Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect right exit bar switch (S100).
Move exit lever into the UP position.
Check for continuity between pins 2 and 3 on switch (S100).
Check for continuity between pins 1 and 2 on switch (S100).
Move exit lever into the DOWN position.
Check for continuity between pins 1 and 3 on switch (S100).
Check for continuity between pins 1 and 2 on switch (S100).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Right exit bar switch (S100) malfunction. Replace switch.


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 2 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13) and right exit switch (S100).
Check circuit M199 PUR for ground at pin 1 on switch (S100) connector.
Check circuit M099 PUR for ground at pin 2 on switch (S100) connector.
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit with ground present is short. Repair circuit or replace harness.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 3 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, and X13) and right exit bar switch (S100).
Check for continuity between pin 22 (circuit M199 PUR) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 329 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

X12, and X13).


Check for continuity between pin 46 (circuit M099 PUR) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, and X13).
Is continuity indicated between any pins?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated to another circuit is short. Repair circuit or replace harness.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 330 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003509.03- Sensor Supply 1


328
Sensor supply voltage 1 is out of range high. (Above 5.25 V)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Sensor Supply 1 Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Code Check
( 2 ) Code Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for active VCU code:

520713.03 - Seat Position.

Are VCU codes active?

Result:

YES:Clear codes.
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Seat Position Sensor (B9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 331 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.

→NOTE:
Check voltage on VCU side of connector.

Disconnect seat position sensor (B9).


Switched power ON.
Check pins 3 and 6 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor (B9) connector for voltage.
Is voltage more than 5.25 V?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Seat position sensor (B9) connector disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated between any circuits?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 332 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003509.04- Sensor Supply 1


328
Sensor supply voltage 1 is out of range low. (Below 4.75 V)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Sensor Supply 1 Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Code Check
( 2 ) Code Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for active VCU code:

520713.04 - Seat Position.

Are VCU codes active?

Result:

YES:Clear codes.
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Seat Position Sensor (B9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 333 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11).
Ignition ON.
Check for ground at pins 3 and 6 (wire P055 RED) on seat position sensor (B9) connector.
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit P055 RED is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Seat position sensor (B9) connector disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated between any circuits?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 334 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003510.03- Sensor Supply 2


328
Sensor supply voltage 2 is out of range high. (Above 5.25 V)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Sensor Supply 2 Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Loader control lever (X58). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect loader control lever (X58).
Switched power ON.
Check pin 9 (wire P053 RED) of loader control lever (X58) connector for voltage.
Is voltage more than 5.25 V?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Go to Harness Check to determine which circuits are shorted. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 335 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Loader control lever (X58) connector disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin J3 (wire P053 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated between any circuits?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 336 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003510.04- Sensor Supply 2


328
Sensor supply voltage 2 is out of range low. (Below 4.75 V)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Sensor Supply 2 Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Seat Position Sensor (B9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11).
Ignition ON.
Check for ground at pin 9 (wire P055 RED) on loader control lever (X58) connector.
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit P055 RED is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 4 ) Harness Check
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 337 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Loader control lever (X58) connector disconnected.
Check for continuity between pin J3 (wire P053 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated between any circuits?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 338 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003511.03- Sensor Supply 3


328
Sensor supply voltage 3 is out of range high. (Above 5.25 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Sensor Supply 3 Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Code Check.
( 2 ) Code Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for active VCU code:

520654.03 - Brake Charge Press.

Are VCU codes active?

Result:

YES:Clear codes.
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Brake pressure sensor harness connector (X35). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 339 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Remove cap of brake pressure sensor harness connector (X35).
Switched power ON.
Check pin 1 (wire P059 RED) of brake pressure sensor harness connector (X35) for voltage.
Is voltage more than 5.25 V?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Go to Harness Check to determine which circuits are shorted. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin K1 (wire P059 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated between any circuits?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 340 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003511.04- Sensor Supply 3


328
Sensor supply voltage 3 is out of range low. (Below 4.75 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Sensor Supply 3 Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Code Check
( 2 ) Code Check

Action:

Switched power ON.


Check for active VCU code:

520654.04 - Brake Charge Press.

Are VCU codes active?

Result:

YES:Clear codes.
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 3 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Brake Pressure Sensor Harness Connector (X35). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 341 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11).
Check for ground at pin K1 (wire P059 RED) on vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11).
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit P059 RED is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin K1 (wire P059 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated between any circuits?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 342 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003997.03- Accessory Relay


328
Accessory relay (K20) circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Accessory Relay Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Accessory relay (K20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect accessory relay (K20).
Apply 12 V to terminal 1 and ground to terminal 2 of accessory relay (K20).
sss:
Does accessory relay (K20) “Click”?

Check for continuity between terminal 2 and terminal 5 of accessory relay (K20).
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 343 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Accessory relay (K20) malfunction. Replace relay.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Accessory relay (K20) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11).
Switched power ON.
Check for 0.0 V at pin G2 (wire U120 RED) of VCU connector (X11).
Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit with voltage is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Accessory relay (K20) disconnected.
Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Disconnect VCU connectors ( X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin G2 (wire U120 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program Controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 344 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003997.05- Accessory Relay


328
Accessory relay (K20) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Accessory Relay Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Accessory relay (K20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect accessory relay (K20).
Apply 12 V to terminal 1 and ground to terminal 2 of accessory relay (K20).
sss:
Does accessory relay (K20) “Click”?

Check for continuity between terminal 2 and terminal 5 of accessory relay (K20).
Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 345 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Accessory relay (K20) malfunction. Replace relay.
( 4 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Accessory relay (K20) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11).
Check for continuity between pin G2 (wire U120 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and pin 1 of accessory relay (K20).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program Controller.
NO:Circuit is open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 346 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

003997.06- Accessory Relay


328
Accessory relay (K20) is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Accessory Relay Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Accessory relay (K20). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect accessory relay (K20).
sss:
Does accessory relay (K20) “Click”?

Check for continuity between terminal 2 and terminal 5 of accessory relay (K20).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Accessory relay (K20) malfunction. Replace relay.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 347 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.


( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Accessory relay (K20) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X11).
Check for continuity between pin G2 (wire U120 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


VCU connector (X11) disconnected.
Accessory relay (K20) disconnected.
Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Disconnect VCU connectors ( X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin G2 (wire U120 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14)
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program Controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 348 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520416.03- Valve Power


328
Vehicle control unit (VCU) supply voltage from VCU connector 4 (X14) is above 15.5 V.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Valve Power Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Active Code Check

Action:

Check for active VCU DTC 000168.03—Battery Voltage.


Is VCU DTC 000168.03—Battery Voltage active?

Result:

YES:Diagnose and clear active VCU DTC code 000168.03—Battery Voltage. See 000168.03—Battery Voltage . (Group
9001-40.)
NO:Go to Battery Voltage Check.
( 2 ) Battery Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage less than 15 V?

Result:

YES:Go to System Voltage Check.


NO:Replace battery.
( 3 ) System Voltage Check

Action:

Engine RUNNING.
Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage more than 15 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Alternator Check.


NO:Reprogram controller.
( 4 ) Alternator Check

Action:

See Alternator Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does alternator pass test procedure?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 349 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace alternator.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 350 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520416.04- Valve Power


328
Vehicle control unit (VCU) supply voltage from VCU connector 4 (x14) is below 11.7 V.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Valve Power Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Active Code Check

Action:

Check for active VCU DTC 000168.04—Battery Voltage.


Is VCU DTC 000168.04—Battery Voltage active?

Result:

YES:Diagnose and clear active VCU DTC code 000168.04—Battery Voltage. See 000168.04—Battery Voltage . (Group
9001-40.)
NO:Go to Battery Voltage Check.
( 2 ) Battery Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage less than 15 V?

Result:

YES:Go to System Voltage Check.


NO:Replace battery.
( 3 ) System Voltage Check

Action:

Engine RUNNING.
Measure voltage across positive and negative battery terminals.
Is voltage more than 15 V?

Result:

YES:Go to Alternator Check.


NO:Reprogram controller.
( 4 ) Alternator Check

Action:

See Alternator Test . (Group 9015-20.)


Does alternator pass test procedure?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 351 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace alternator.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 352 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520416.05- Valve Power


328
Vehicle control unit (VCU) supply circuit on VCU connector 4 (X14) is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Valve Power Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Main 250 A fuse (F1). See Engine Harness (W10) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X14). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Fuse Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Disconnect negative terminal from battery.


Remove main 250 A fuse (F1). See Fuse and Relay Location and Specifications . (Group 9015-10.)
Check for continuity through fuse.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Replace main 250 A fuse (F1).
( 4 ) Open Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 353 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Negative terminal disconnected.


Main 250 A fuse (F1) removed.
Disconnect VCU connector (X14).
Check for continuity between pin 1 (wire P001 RED) of VCU connector (X14) and main fuse terminal.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 354 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520546.03- Pilot Enable Switch


328
Pilot enable switch (S52) is stuck or circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Pilot Enable Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Pilot enable switch (S52). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location or see Pilot Enable
Switch Harness (W31) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Pilot enable switch harness connector (X53). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location or
see Pilot Enable Switch Harness (W31) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Pilot control console harness connector (X52). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission control 5 A fuse (F35). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect pilot enable switch (S52).

→NOTE:
Does pilot enable switch (S52) move freely between Enable and Disable?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 355 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Pilot enable switch (S52) in “Disable” position.


Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 and 3.
Pin 2 and 6.
Pin 5 and 3.
Pin 5 and 6.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Switch malfunction. Replace pilot enable switch (S52).


NO:Got to Voltage Check.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable switch (S52) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check the following for 0.0 V:

Pin 2 (wire H014 GRN) of switch (S52).


Pin 5 (wire H014 GRN) of switch (S52).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check


NO:Circuit with voltage is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable switch (S52) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X14).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 34 (wire H252_H019 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 47 (wire H152_H103 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 356 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520546.07- Pilot Enable Switch


328
Pilot enable switch (S52) inputs are conflicted.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Pilot Enable Switch Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Pilot enable switch (S52). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location or see Pilot Enable
Switch Harness (W31) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Pilot enable switch harness connector (X53). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location or
see Pilot Enable Switch Harness (W31) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Pilot control console harness connector (X52). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Transmission control 5 A fuse (F35). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect pilot enable switch (S52).

→NOTE:
Does pilot enable switch (S52) move freely between Enable and Disable?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 357 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Pilot enable switch (S52) in “Disable” position.


Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 and 3.
Pin 2 and 6.
Pin 5 and 3.
Pin 5 and 6.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Switch malfunction. Replace pilot enable switch (S52).


NO:Got to Voltage Check.
( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable switch (S52) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check the following for system voltage: (Approximately 12 V.)

Pin 2 (wire H014 GRN) of switch (S52).


Pin 5 (wire H014 GRN) of switch (S52).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check—Power.


NO:Go to Fuse Check.
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check—Power

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable switch (S52) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check the following for 0.0 V:

Pin 2 (wire H014 GRN) of switch (S52).


Pin 3 (wire H019 GRN) of switch (S52).
Pin 5 (wire H014 GRN) of switch (S52).
Pin 6 (wire H013 GRN) of switch (S52).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check—Ground.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Short Circuit Check—Ground

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable switch (S52) disconnected.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 358 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

VCU connector (X13) disconnected.


Check for continuity between:

Pin 3 (wire H019 GRN) of switch (S52) and machine ground.


Pin 6 (wire H013 GRN) of switch (S52) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check


NO:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 7 ) Fuse Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Remove transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
Check fuse (F35) for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Replace transmission control 5 A fuse (F35).
( 8 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable switch (S52) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Check continuity between:

Pin 2 (wire H014 GRN) and pin 5 of switch (S52).


Pin 2 (wire H014 GRN) of switch (S52) and pin D7 of fuse and relay block (X3).
Pin 3 (wire H019 GRN) of switch (S52) and pin 34 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 6 (wire H013 GRN) of switch (S52) and pin 47 of VCU connector (X13).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit without continuity is open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 9 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable switch (S52) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X14).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 34 (wire H252_H019 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 47 (wire H152_H103 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 359 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 360 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520688.03- Pilot Enable Driver


328
Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) circuit is short to power. (Above 7.4 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Pilot Enable Driver Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Pilot enable solenoid (Y52). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Pilot control console harness connector (X52). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect pilot enable solenoid (Y52).
Measure resistance of solenoid (Y52).

Item Measurement Specification

Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) Resistance 7.25 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Is resistance with in specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 361 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Solenoid malfunction. Replace pilot enable solenoid (Y52).
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for 0.0 V at:

Pin 1 (wire H019 GRN) of pilot enable solenoid (Y52).


Pin 2 (wire G031 BLK) of pilot enable solenoid (Y52).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit with voltage above 0.0 V is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 28 (wire H019 GRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 362 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520688.05- Pilot Enable Driver


328
Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Pilot Enable Driver Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Pilot enable solenoid (Y52). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Pilot control console harness connector (X52). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect pilot enable solenoid (Y52).
Measure resistance of solenoid (Y52).

Item Measurement Specification

Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) Resistance 7.25 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Is resistance with in specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 363 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Solenoid malfunction. Replace pilot enable solenoid (Y52).
( 4 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 1 (wire H019 GRN) of pilot enable solenoid (Y52) and pin 28 of VCU connector X13.
Pin 2 (wire G031 BLK) of pilot enable solenoid (Y52) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Circuit is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 364 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520688.06- Pilot Enable Driver


328
Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Pilot Enable Driver Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Pilot enable solenoid (Y52). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Pilot control console harness connector (X52). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect pilot enable solenoid (Y52).
Measure resistance of solenoid (Y52).

Item Measurement Specification

Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) Resistance 7.25 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Is resistance with in specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 365 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Solenoid malfunction. Replace pilot enable solenoid (Y52).
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 1 (wire H019 GRN) of pilot enable solenoid (Y52) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Pilot enable solenoid (Y52) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 28 (wire H019 GRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 366 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520696.03- Pattern Select Driver


328
Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) or pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) circuit is short to power. (Above 7.4 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Pattern Select Driver Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Pilot control console harness connector (X52). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58).
Disconnect pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59).
Measure resistance of solenoids between pins A and B.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 367 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

→NOTE:
Pattern select solenoids contain a diode.

Item Measurement Specification

Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) Resistance 8.536-9.064 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Item Measurement Specification

Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) Resistance 8.536-9.064 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Is resistance with in specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Solenoid malfunction. Replace pattern select solenoid.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) disconnected.
Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X12).
Switched power ON.
Check for 0.0 V at:

Pin A (wire H058 GRN) of solenoid (Y58).


Pin B (wire G031 BLK) of solenoid (Y58).
Pin A (wire H058 GRN) of solenoid (Y59).
Pin B (wire G031 BLK) of solenoid (Y59).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit with voltage above 0.0 V is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) disconnected.
Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) disconnected.
VCU connector (X12) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 6 (wire H058 GRN) on VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 368 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 369 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520696.05- Pattern Select Driver


328
Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) or pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Pattern Select Driver Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Pilot control console harness connector (X52). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58).
Disconnect pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59).
Measure resistance of solenoids between pins A and B.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 370 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

→NOTE:
Pattern select solenoids contain a diode.

Item Measurement Specification

Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) Resistance 8.536-9.064 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Item Measurement Specification

Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) Resistance 8.536-9.064 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Is resistance with in specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Solenoid malfunction. Replace pattern select solenoid.
( 4 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) disconnected.
Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X12).
Check for continuity between:

Pin A (wire H058 GRN) of solenoid (Y58) and pin 6 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin B (wire G031 BLK) of solenoid (Y58) and machine ground.
Pin A (wire H058 GRN) of solenoid (Y59) and pin 6 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin B (wire G031 BLK) of solenoid (Y59) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Circuit is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 371 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520696.06- Pattern Select Driver


328
Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) or pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Pattern Select Driver Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59). See Pilot Enable Pattern Select Valve Harness (W30) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Pilot control console harness connector (X52). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58).
Disconnect pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59).
Measure resistance of solenoids between pins A and B.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 372 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

→NOTE:
Pattern select solenoids contain a diode.

Item Measurement Specification

Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) Resistance 8.536-9.064 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Item Measurement Specification

Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) Resistance 8.536-9.064 ohms at 68° F (20° C)

Is resistance with in specification?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Solenoid malfunction. Replace pattern select solenoid.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) disconnected.
Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X12).
Check for continuity between pin 6 (wire H058 GRN) on VCU connector (X12) machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect negative battery terminal.
Pattern select solenoid 1 (Y58) disconnected.
Pattern select solenoid 2 (Y59) disconnected.
VCU connector (X12) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 6 (wire H058 GRN) on VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connector (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 373 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520697.03- Loader Coupler Press


328
Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) circuit is short to power. (Above 7.4 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Loader Coupler Press Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Loader coupler solenoid harness connector (X81). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.) Operator Station Floor Ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location
or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30).
Measure resistance between terminals A and B on loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30).
Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance within specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 374 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) malfunction. Replace solenoid.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check pin A (wire H008 GRN) of pressure solenoid (Y30) connector for 0.0 V.
Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery terminal.


Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 50 (wire H008 GRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 375 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520697.05- Loader Coupler Press


328
Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Loader Coupler Press Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Loader coupler solenoid harness connector (X81). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.) Operator Station Floor Ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location
or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30).
Measure resistance between terminals A and B on loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30).
Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance within specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 376 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) malfunction. Replace solenoid.
( 4 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


60
Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 50 (wire H008 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and pin A of loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30).
Pin B (wire G031 BLK) of loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 377 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520697.06- Loader Coupler Press


328
Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Loader Coupler Press Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Loader coupler solenoid harness connector (X81). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.) Operator Station Floor Ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location
or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30).
Measure resistance between terminals A and B on loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30).
Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance within specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 378 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) malfunction. Replace solenoid.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 50 (wire H008 GRN) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery terminal.


Loader coupler pressure solenoid (Y30) disconnected.
VCU connector (X13) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 50 (wire H008 GRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 379 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520708.03- HVC Valve Power


328
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) input is short to power. (Above 7.4 V.)(TMC ONLY)
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

HVC Valve Power Diagnostic procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Chassis harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X74). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X15). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X16). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X17). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect:

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13).


Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X15).
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X16).
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X17).

Switched power ON.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 380 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Check the following pins for 0.0 V.

Pin 18 (wire K037 GRN) of VCU connector (X13).


Pin 30 (wire K037 GRN) of VCU connector (X13).
Pin H3 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X15).
Pin D4 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X16).
Pin M4 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X16).
Pin H1 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X17).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit with voltage is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13) disconnected.


Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X15) disconnected.
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X16) disconnected.
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X17) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, and X14).

Check for continuity between:

Pin 18 (wire K037 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin 30 (wire K037 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin H3 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X15) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin D4 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X16) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin M4 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X16) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin H1 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X17) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 381 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520708.06- HVC Valve Power


328
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) input is short to ground. (TMC ONLY)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

HVC Valve Power Diagnostic procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Chassis harness-to-cab/canopy harness connector (X74). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness (W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X15). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X16). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X17). See Transmission Harness (W13) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect:

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13).


Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X15).
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X16).
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X17).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 382 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Check for continuity to machine ground on the following:.

Pin 18 (wire K037 GRN) of VCU connector (X13).


Pin 30 (wire K037 GRN) of VCU connector (X13).
Pin H3 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X15).
Pin D4 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X16).
Pin M4 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X16).
Pin H1 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X17).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13) disconnected.


Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X15) disconnected.
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X16) disconnected.
Hydraulic valve controller (HVC) connector (X17) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, and X14).

Check for continuity between:

Pin 18 (wire K037 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin 30 (wire K037 GRN) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin H3 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X15) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin D4 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X16) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin M4 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X16) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).
Pin H1 (wire K037 GRN) of HVC connector (X17) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14) and HVC
connectors (X15, X16, and X17).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 383 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520713.03- Seat Position


328
Seat position sensor (B9) circuit is short to power. (Above 4.50 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Seat position sensor (B9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect:

Seat position sensor (B9).


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).

Switched power ON.


Check the following pins for 0.0 V.

Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector (X11).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 384 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector (X11).


Pin 37 (wire M016 PUR) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 48 (wire M017 PUR) of VCU connector (X12).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Circuit with voltage is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X13 and X14).
Load sense pressure sensor (B16) or hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).

Check for continuity between:

Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 37 (wire M016 PUR) of VCU connector X12 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 48 (wire M017 PUR) of VCU connector X12 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 5 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Connect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Load sense pressure sensor (B16) or hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).

Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.


Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit and jumper wires to complete circuits listed below.
Switched power ON.
Measure and record voltage at signal circuit—channel 1.
CHANNEL 1

Ground circuit—Pin 1 (wire R055 BLK) of seat position sensor connector to pin 1 of seat position sensor (B9).
Signal circuit—Pin 2 (wire M016 PUR) of seat position sensor connector to pin 2 of seat position sensor (B9).
Power circuit—Pin 3 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor connector to pin 3 of seat position sensor (B9).

Compare to specifications:

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 385 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 1—Loader position. (front) Voltage 4.5

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 1—Backhoe position. (rear) Voltage 0.5

Measure and record voltage at signal circuit—channel 2.


CHANNEL 2

Ground circuit—Pin 4 (wire R055 BLK) of seat position sensor connector to pin 4 of seat position sensor (B9).
Signal circuit—Pin 5 (wire M016 PUR) of seat position sensor connector to pin 5 of seat position sensor (B9).
Power circuit—Pin 6 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor connector to pin 6 of seat position sensor (B9).

Compare to specifications:

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 2—Loader position. (front) Voltage 0.5

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 2—Backhoe position. (rear) Voltage 4.5

Does sensor circuits meet specifications?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Sensor malfunction. Replace seat position sensor (B9).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 386 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520713.04- Seat Position


328
Seat position sensor (B9) circuit is short to ground. (Below 0.4 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Seat position sensor (B9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect seat position sensor (B9).
Switched power ON.
Check the following for voltage above 0.4 V:

Pin 3 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor (B9).


Pin 6 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor (B9).

Is correct voltage indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 387 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 4 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).

Check for continuity between:

Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and pin 3 of seat position sensor (B9).
Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and pin 6 of seat position sensor (B9).
Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and pin 1 of seat position sensor (B9).
Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and pin 4 of seat position sensor (B9).
Pin 37 (wire M016 PUR) of VCU connector (X12) and pin 2 of seat position sensor (B9).
Pin 48 (wire M017 PUR) of VCU connector (X12) and pin 5 of seat position sensor (B9).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Circuit without continuity is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Check for continuity between:

Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and machine ground.
Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and machine ground.
Pin 37 (wire M016 PUR) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.
Pin 48 (wire M017 PUR) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Disconnect:
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 388 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X13 and X14).
Load sense pressure sensor (B16) or hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).

Check for continuity between:

Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 37 (wire M016 PUR) of VCU connector X12 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 48 (wire M017 PUR) of VCU connector X12 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 7 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Connect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Load sense pressure sensor (B16) or hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).

Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.


Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit and jumper wires to complete circuits listed below.
Switched power ON.
Measure and record voltage at signal circuit—channel 1.
CHANNEL 1

Ground circuit—Pin 1 (wire G055 BLK) of seat position sensor connector to pin 1 of seat position sensor (B9).
Signal circuit—Pin 2 (wire M016 PUR) of seat position sensor connector to pin 2 of seat position sensor (B9).
Power circuit—Pin 3 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor connector to pin 3 of seat position sensor (B9).

Compare to specifications:

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 1—Loader position. (front) Voltage 4.5

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 1—Backhoe position. (rear) Voltage 0.5

Measure and record voltage at signal circuit—channel 2.


CHANNEL 2

Ground circuit—Pin 4 (wire G055 BLK) of seat position sensor connector to pin 4 of seat position sensor (B9).
Signal circuit—Pin 5 (wire M016 PUR) of seat position sensor connector to pin 5 of seat position sensor (B9).
Power circuit—Pin 6 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor connector to pin 6 of seat position sensor (B9).

Compare to specifications:

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 2—Loader position. (front) Voltage 0.5

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 2—Backhoe position. (rear) Voltage 4.5

Does sensor circuits meet specifications?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 389 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Sensor malfunction. Replace seat position sensor (B9).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 390 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520713.07- Seat Position


328
Seat position sensor (B9) is reading an angle that is out of range for the seat position. (Sensor measured 0º-25º or 220º-240º)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Seat position sensor (B9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Connect all connectors.
Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.
Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit and jumper wires to complete circuits listed below.
Switched power ON.
Measure and record voltage at signal circuit—channel 1.
CHANNEL 1

Ground circuit—Pin 1 (wire G055 BLK) of seat position sensor connector to pin 1 of seat position sensor (B9).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 391 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Signal circuit—Pin 2 (wire M016 PUR) of seat position sensor connector to pin 2 of seat position sensor (B9).
Power circuit—Pin 3 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor connector to pin 3 of seat position sensor (B9).

Compare to specifications:

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 1—Loader position. (front) Voltage 4.5

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 1—Backhoe position. (rear) Voltage 0.5

Measure and record voltage at signal circuit—channel 2.


CHANNEL 2

Ground circuit—Pin 4 (wire G055 BLK) of seat position sensor connector to pin 4 of seat position sensor (B9).
Signal circuit—Pin 5 (wire M016 PUR) of seat position sensor connector to pin 5 of seat position sensor (B9).
Power circuit—Pin 6 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor connector to pin 6 of seat position sensor (B9).

Compare to specifications:

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 2—Loader position. (front) Voltage 0.5

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 2—Backhoe position. (rear) Voltage 4.5

Does sensor circuits meet specifications?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Sensor malfunction. Replace seat position sensor (B9).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 392 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520713.12- Seat Position


328
Seat position sensor (B9) inputs are out of range.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Seat position sensor (B9). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check—Power.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check—Power

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect:

Seat position sensor (B9).


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12).

Switched power ON.


Check the following pins for 0.0 V.

Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector (X11).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 393 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector (X11).


Pin 37 (wire M016 PUR) of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 48 (wire M017 PUR) of VCU connector (X12).

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check—Ground.


NO:Circuit with voltage is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check—Ground

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Check for continuity between:

Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector (X11) and machine ground.
Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector (X11) and machine ground.
Pin 37 (wire M016 PUR) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.
Pin 48 (wire M017 PUR) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11) disconnected.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12) disconnected.
Disconnect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X13 and X14).
Load sense pressure sensor (B16) or hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).

Check for continuity between:

Pin H2 (wire R055 BLK) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin J2 (wire P055 RED) of VCU connector X11 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 37 (wire M016 PUR) of VCU connector X12 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 48 (wire M017 PUR) of VCU connector X12 and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity indicated is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or
schematic.
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 6 ) Component Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 394 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Connect:

Negative terminal of the battery.


Vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Load sense pressure sensor (B16) or hydraulic system pressure sensor (B26).

Seat position sensor (B9) disconnected.


Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit and jumper wires to complete circuits listed below.
Switched power ON.
Measure and record voltage at signal circuit—channel 1.
CHANNEL 1

Ground circuit—Pin 1 (wire G055 BLK) of seat position sensor connector to pin 1 of seat position sensor (B9).
Signal circuit—Pin 2 (wire M016 PUR) of seat position sensor connector to pin 2 of seat position sensor (B9).
Power circuit—Pin 3 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor connector to pin 3 of seat position sensor (B9).

Compare to specifications:

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 1—Loader position. (front) Voltage 4.5

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 1—Backhoe position. (rear) Voltage 0.5

Measure and record voltage at signal circuit—channel 2.


CHANNEL 2

Ground circuit—Pin 4 (wire G055 BLK) of seat position sensor connector to pin 4 of seat position sensor (B9).
Signal circuit—Pin 5 (wire M016 PUR) of seat position sensor connector to pin 5 of seat position sensor (B9).
Power circuit—Pin 6 (wire P055 RED) of seat position sensor connector to pin 6 of seat position sensor (B9).

Compare to specifications:

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 2—Loader position. (front) Voltage 0.5

Item Measurement Specification

Channel 2—Backhoe position. (rear) Voltage 4.5

Does sensor circuits meet specifications?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Sensor malfunction. Replace seat position sensor (B9).
520713.13- Seat Position
328
Seat position sensor (B9) calibration is invalid.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 395 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Seat Position Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Active Code Check

Action:

Check active VCU codes listed below. See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Service Menu . (Group 9025-16.)

520713.03—Seat Position
520713.04—Seat Position
520713.07—Seat Position
520713.12—Seat Position

Are VCU seat position codes active?

Result:

YES:Clear active VCU seat position codes.


NO:Go to Calibration Check.
( 2 ) Calibration Check

Action:

Calibrate seat position. See Standard Display Monitor (SDM)—Service Menu . (Group 9025-16.)
Was seat position successful?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 396 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

520714.06- Bucket Level LEDs


328
Bucket position indicator (E75) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Bucket Level Indicator Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Bucket position indicator (E75). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect bucket level indicator (E75).
Check light for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Right Component Check.


NO:Replace bucket level indicator (E75).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 397 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 1 (X11).
Bucket level indicator (E75) disconnected.
Check for continuity from pin L3 (wire M150 PUR) of VCU connector (X11) to machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 398 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522426.03- Rear Wiper Park


328
Rear wiper motor (M14) circuit is short to power or open. (Rear wiper park switch is showing park position for more than 10
seconds while wiper is on.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Wiper Park Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Rear wiper motor (M14). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14).
Apply 12 V to pin 3 and ground to pin 2 on rear wiper motor (M14).
Does motor activate?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 399 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace rear wiper motor (M14).


( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check circuit A014 GRY for ground at pin 3 on rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit A014 GRY is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect OFF.


Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 20 (circuit A014 GRY) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit A014 GRY is short to circuit with continuity indicated. Repair circuit or replace harness.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 400 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522426.04- Rear Wiper Park


328
Rear wiper motor (M14) circuit is short to ground. (Rear wiper park switch is not showing park position for more than 10
seconds while wiper is on.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Wiper Park Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Rear wiper motor (M14). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14).
Apply 12 V to pin 3 and ground to pin 2 on rear wiper motor (M14).
Does motor activate?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace rear wiper motor (M14).
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 401 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13).
Check circuit A014 GRY for ground at pin 3 on rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit A014 GRY is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect OFF.


Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 20 (circuit A014 GRY) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Wire A014 GRY is short to circuit with continuity indicated. Repair circuit or replace harness.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 402 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522427.03- Front Wiper Park


328
Front wiper motor (M13) circuit is short to power or open. (Front wiper park switch is showing the park position for more than 1
second while wiper motor is active.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Wiper Park Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front wiper motor (M13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect front wiper motor (M13).
Apply 12 V to pin 3 and ground to pin 2 on front wiper motor (M13).
Does motor activate?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace rear wiper motor (M13).
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 403 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect front wiper motor (M13) connector.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check circuit A713 GRY for ground at pin 3 on front wiper motor (M13) connector.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit A014 GRY is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect OFF.


Disconnect front wiper motor (M13) connector.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 21 (circuit A713 GRY) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit A713 GRY is short to circuit with continuity indicated. Repair circuit or replace harness.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 404 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522427.04- Front Wiper Park


328
Front wiper motor (M13) circuit is short to ground. (Front wiper park switch is not showing the park position for more than 10
seconds.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Wiper Park Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front wiper motor (M13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect front wiper motor (M13).
Apply 12 V to pin 3 and ground to pin 2 on front wiper motor (M13).
Does motor activate?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace front wiper motor (M13).
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 405 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect front wiper motor (M13) connector.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X13).
Check circuit A713 GRY for ground at pin 3 on front wiper motor (M13) connector.
Is ground present?

Result:

YES:Circuit A713 GRY is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect OFF.


Disconnect front wiper motor (M13) connector.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 21 (circuit A713 GRY) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Wire A014 GRY is short to circuit with continuity indicated. Repair circuit or replace harness.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 406 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522433.03- Rear Wiper


328
Rear wiper motor (M14) low speed circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Wiper Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Rear wiper motor (M14). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14).
Ignition ON.
Verify rear wipers are off.
Check circuit A414 GRY for voltage between pin 4 on rear wiper motor (M14) connector and machine ground.
Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) present?

Result:

YES:Circuit A414 GRY is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 407 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect battery power.


Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 4 (circuit A414 GRY) on VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit A414 GRY is short to circuit with continuity indicated. Repair circuit or replace harness.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 408 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522433.05- Rear Wiper


328
Rear wiper motor (M14) low speed circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Wiper Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Rear wiper motor (M14). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14).
Apply 12 V to pins 1 and 2 of rear wiper motor (M14).
Ground pin 3 of rear wiper motor (M14).
Does rear wiper motor (M14) function?

Result:

YES:Go to Voltage Check.


NO:Replace rear wiper motor (M14).
( 4 ) Voltage Check
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 409 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Rear wiper motor (M14) disconnected.


Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin 1 (wire A414 GRY) of rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Go to Continuity Check.
( 5 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Rear wiper motor (M14) disconnected.
Window wipers 10 A fuse (F18) removed.
Disconnect fuse box 1 connector (X25).
Disconnect VCU connector 2 (X12).
Check for continuity between:

Pin H1 (wire A15 ORG) of VCU connector (X12) and pin 2 of rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Pin C8 (wire P18 RED) of fuse box 1 connector (X25) and pin 1 of rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Pin 3 (wire G09 BLK) of rear wiper motor (M14) connector and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Open in circuit. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Fuse box 1 connector (X25) connected
Right door wiper motor (M7) disconnected.
Window wipers 10 A fuse (F18) removed.
Vehicle control unit (VCU) 48-pin connector (J2) (X21) disconnected.
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire P18 RED) of rear wiper motor (M14) connector for 0.0 V.
Pin 2 (wire A15 ORG) of rear wiper motor (M14) connector for 0.0 V.
Pin 3 (wire G09 BLK) of rear wiper motor (M14) connector for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Circuit is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 410 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522433.06- Rear Wiper


328
Rear wiper motor (M14) low speed circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Rear Wiper Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Rear wiper motor (M14). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14).
Apply 12 V to pins 1 and 2 of rear wiper motor (M14).
Ground pin 3 of rear wiper motor (M14).
Does rear wiper motor (M14) function?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Replace rear wiper motor (M14).
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check
<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 411 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14).
Switched power ON.
Verify rear wipers are OFF.
Check circuit A414 GRY for voltage between pin 4 on rear wiper motor (M14) connector and machine ground.
Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) present?

Result:

YES:Circuit A414 GRY is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness.


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect battery power.


Disconnect rear wiper motor (M14) connector.
Disconnect VCU connector (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 5 (circuit A414 GRY) on VCU connector (X12) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit A12 ORG is short to circuit with continuity indicated. Repair circuit or replace harness.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 412 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522434.03- Front Wiper Low


328
Front wiper motor (M13) low speed circuit is short to power. (Above 7.4 V.)
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Wiper Low Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front wiper motor (M13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Front wiper motor diode (V13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect front wiper motor (M13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 3 (A713 GRY) and pin 4 (A413 GRY) of motor (M13).


Pin 3 (A713 GRY) and pin 5 (A213 GRY) of motor (M13).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Front wiper motor (M13) malfunction. Repair or replace motor.


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 413 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Diode Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Remove front wiper diode (V13).
Check continuity by connecting positive (+) lead to pin A and negative (-) lead to pin B of diode.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Diode malfunction. Replace front wiper diode (V13).


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery terminal.


Front wiper diode (V13) connected.
Front wiper motor (M13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14)
Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 (wire A313 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 3 (wire A713 GRY) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 5 (wire A213 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 414 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522434.05- Front Wiper Low


328
Front wiper motor (M13) low speed circuit open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Wiper Low Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front wiper motor (M13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Front wiper motor diode (V13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect front wiper motor (M13).
Apply 12 volts to pin 4 (A413 GRY) and ground pin 2 (wire G032 BLK) of front wiper motor (M13) .
Does motor operate?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Front wiper motor (M13) malfunction. Repair or replace motor.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 415 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

( 4 ) Diode Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Remove front wiper diode (V13).
Check continuity by connecting positive (+) lead to pin A and negative (-) lead to pin B of diode.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Diode malfunction. Replace front wiper diode (V13).
( 5 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Front wiper motor (M13) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 (wire A313 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and pin B of front wiper diode (V13).
Pin 4 (wire A413 GRY) of front wiper motor (M13) and pin A of front wiper diode (V13).
Pin 5 (wire A213 GRY) of front wiper motor (M13) and pin 5 of VCU connector (X12).
Pin 3 (wire A713 GRY) of front wiper motor (M13) and pin 21 of VCU connector (X13).
Pin 2 (wire G032 BLK) of front wiper motor (M13) and machine ground.
Pin 6 (wire G032 BLK) of front wiper motor (M13) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program controller.
NO:Circuit without continuity is open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 416 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522434.06- Front Wiper Low


328
Front wiper motor (M13) low speed circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Wiper Low Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front wiper motor (M13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Front wiper motor diode (V13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect front wiper motor (M13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 4 (A413 GRY) and pin 2 (wire G032 BLK) of motor (M13).
Pin 4 (A413 GRY) and pin 6 (wire G001 BLK) of motor (M13).
Pin 5 (A213 GRY) and pin 2 (wire G032 BLK) of motor (M13).
Pin 5 (A213 GRY) and pin 6 (wire G001 BLK) of motor (M13).

Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 417 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Front wiper motor (M13) malfunction. Repair or replace motor.


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Front wiper motor (M13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 (wire A313 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.
Pin 3 (wire A713 GRY) of VCU connector (X13) and machine ground.
Pin 5 (wire A213 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery terminal.


Front wiper diode (V13) connected.
Front wiper motor (M13) disconnected.
VCU connectors (X12 and X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11 and X14).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 (wire A313 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 3 (wire A713 GRY) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 5 (wire A213 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 418 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522435.03- Front Wiper Hi


328
Front wiper motor (M13) high speed circuit is short to power. (Above 7.4 V.)
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Wiper Hi Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front wiper motor (M13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Front wiper motor diode (V13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect front wiper motor (M13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 3 (A713 GRY) and pin 4 (A413 GRY) of motor (M13).


Pin 3 (A713 GRY) and pin 5 (A213 GRY) of motor (M13).

Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 419 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Front wiper motor (M13) malfunction. Repair or replace motor.


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 4 ) Diode Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Remove front wiper diode (V13).
Check continuity by connecting positive (+) lead to pin A and negative (-) lead to pin B of diode.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Diode malfunction. Replace front wiper diode (V13).


NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery terminal.


Front wiper diode (V13) connected.
Front wiper motor (M13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14)
Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 (wire A313 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 3 (wire A713 GRY) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 5 (wire A213 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 420 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522435.05- Front Wiper Hi


328
Front wiper motor (M13) high speed circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Wiper High Speed Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 2 ) Component Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect front wiper motor (M13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Apply 12 volts to pin 4 on front wiper motor (M13).
Does motor operate?

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Front wiper motor is faulty. Replace motor.
( 3 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Front wiper motor (M13) disconnected.
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location
Check circuit A213 GRY for continuity between pin 4 on front wiper motor (M13) harness connector and pin 5 on VCU connector
(X12).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).


NO:Circuit A213 GRY open. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 421 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522435.06- Front Wiper Hi


328
Front wiper motor (M13) high speed circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Wiper High Speed Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front wiper motor (M13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Front wiper motor diode (V13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 2 (X12). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect front wiper motor (M13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 4 (A413 GRY) and pin 2 (wire G032 BLK) of motor (M13).
Pin 4 (A413 GRY) and pin 6 (wire G001 BLK) of motor (M13).
Pin 5 (A213 GRY) and pin 2 (wire G032 BLK) of motor (M13).
Pin 5 (A213 GRY) and pin 6 (wire G001 BLK) of motor (M13).

Is continuity indicated?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 422 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Front wiper motor (M13) malfunction. Repair or replace motor.


NO:Go to Short Circuit Check.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Front wiper motor (M13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X12 and X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 (wire A313 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.
Pin 3 (wire A713 GRY) of VCU connector (X13) and machine ground.
Pin 5 (wire A213 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Disconnect negative battery terminal.


Front wiper diode (V13) connected.
Front wiper motor (M13) disconnected.
VCU connectors (X12 and X13) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11 and X14).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 2 (wire A313 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 3 (wire A713 GRY) of VCU connector (X13) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Pin 5 (wire A213 GRY) of VCU connector (X12) and all other pins of VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit with continuity is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program controller.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 423 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522438.03- Loader Coupler


328
Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29) circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Loader Coupler Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Operator Station Floor Ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Loader coupler solenoid harness connector (X81). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Measure resistance between terminals 1 and 2 on loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29).
Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance to specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 424 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29) malfunction. Replace solenoid.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Ignition ON.
Check circuit H007 GRN for voltage at pin 1 on loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29) connector.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit H007 GRN is short to power. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Disconnect loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness
(W15) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Check for continuity between pin 51 (circuit H007 GRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit H007 GRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 425 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522438.05- Loader Coupler


328
Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Loader Coupler Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Operator Station Floor Ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Loader coupler solenoid harness connector (X81). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29).
Measure resistance between terminals 1 and 2 on loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29).
Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance to specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 426 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Open Circuit Check.


NO:Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29) malfunction. Replace solenoid.
( 4 ) Open Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29).
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check circuit H007 GRN for continuity between pin 1 on loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29) connector and pin 51 on VCU
connector X13.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).


NO:Circuit H007 GRN is open. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 427 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522438.06- Loader Coupler


328
Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Loader Coupler Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Operator Station Floor Ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Loader coupler solenoid harness connector (X81). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location .
(Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion and debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29). See Loader Coupler Solenoid Harness (W26) Component Location . (Group
9015-10.)
Measure resistance between terminals 1 and 2 on loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29).
Compare resistance to specification. See Electrical Component Specifications . (Group 9015-20.)
Is resistance to specification?

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 428 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Result:

YES:Go to Short Circuit Check.


NO:Loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y24) malfunction. Replace solenoid.
( 4 ) Short Circuit Check

Action:

Ignition OFF.
Disconnect loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29).
Check circuit H007 GRN for ground at pin 1 on loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29) connector.
Is voltage present?

Result:

YES:Circuit H007 GRN is short to ground. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Go to Harness Check.
( 5 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.


Disconnect loader coupler unlock solenoid (Y29).
Disconnect vehicle control unit (VCU) connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 51 (circuit H007 GRN) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on VCU connectors (X11,
X12, X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Circuit H007 GRN is short to circuit that indicated continuity. Repair circuit or replace harness. See appropriate wiring
diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 429 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522797.03- Front Washer Pump


328
Front washer motor (M15) circuit is short to power.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Washer Pump Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front washer motor (M15). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect front washer motor (M15).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 430 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace front washer motor (M15).


( 4 ) Harness Check

Action:

Turn battery disconnect OFF.


Disconnect front washer pump (M15).
Disconnect VCU connectors (X11, X12, X13, and X14).
Check for continuity between pin 19 (circuit A515 GRY) on VCU connector (X13) and all other pins on connectors (X11, X12,
X13, and X14).
Is continuity indicated between any circuits?

Result:

YES:Circuit is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
NO:Program vehicle control unit (VCU).

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 431 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522797.05- Front Washer Pump


328
Front washer motor (M15) circuit is open.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Washer Pump Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front washer motor (M15). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15) Component
Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect front washer motor (M15).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Power.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 432 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace front washer motor (M15).


( 4 ) Voltage Check

Action:

Front washer motor (M15) disconnected.


Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at pin 1 of front washer motor (M15) connector.
Is system voltage (approximately 12 V) indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Continuity Check.


NO:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 5 ) Continuity Check

Action:

Battery disconnect switch OFF.


Front washer motor (M15) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between:

Pin 19 (wire A515 GRY) of VCU connector (X13) and pin 1 of front washer motor (M15) connector.

Pin 2 (wire G032 BLK) of front washer motor (M15) connector and machine ground.

Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Harness Check.


NO:Open in circuit. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.
( 6 ) Harness Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Front washer motor (M15) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Switched power ON.
Check for voltage at:

Pin 1 (wire A515 GRY) of front washer motor (M15) connector 0.0 V.
Pin 2 (wire G032 BLK) of front washer motor (M15) connector for 0.0 V.

Is correct voltage indicated?

Result:

YES:Checks complete.
NO:Circuit is short to power. Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 433 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

522797.06- Front Washer Pump


328
Front washer motor (M15) circuit is short to ground.
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wiper and Washer Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Front Washer Pump Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does diagnostic trouble code (DTC) periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Connector Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Front and rear washer motor (M15). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Operator station floor ground (W2). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Vehicle control unit (VCU) connector 3 (X13). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy Harness (W15)
Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)

Are connectors in good condition and free of corrosion or debris?

Result:

YES:Go to Component Check.


NO:Repair or replace connector.
( 3 ) Component Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Disconnect front and rear washer motor (M15).
Check for continuity.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Go to Short to Ground Check.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 434 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

NO:Replace front and rear washer motor (M15).


( 4 ) Short to Ground Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Front and rear washer motor (M15) disconnected.
Disconnect VCU connector (X13).
Check for continuity between pin 19 of VCU connector (X13) and machine ground.
Is continuity indicated?

Result:

YES:Repair or replace harness. See appropriate wiring diagram or schematic.


NO:Checks complete.

<- Go to Section TOC Section 9001 page 435 315SK Backhoe Loader Diagnostic
Section 9001 - DIAGNOSTICS Group 40: Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Diagnostic Trouble Codes

523597.03- Beacon Light Driver


328
Beacon light (E17) circuit is short to power
Alarm Level:
Amber Check Service Code Indicator
Additional References:

See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Start and Charge Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Controller Area Network (CAN) Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Horn, Lights, and Beacon Circuit Theory of Operation . (Group 9015-15.)
See Wire Harness Test . (Group 9015-20.)
See Vehicle Control Unit (VCU) Output Test . (Group 9015-20.)

Beacon Light Driver Diagnostic Procedure


( 1 ) Intermittent Check

Action:

Does DTC periodically “go away”?

Result:

YES:DTC is intermittent. See Intermittent Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Diagnostics . (Group 9015-20.)
NO:Go to Component Check.
( 2 ) Connector Check

Action:

Switched power OFF.


Check the following connectors for damage, corrosion, or debris. Use JDG10466 Flex Probe Kit to check for pin fit and
continuity.

Beacon light (E17). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Roof ground (W3). See Roof Harness (W17) Component Location . (Group 9015-10.)
Cab/canopy harness-to-roof harness connector (X26). See Cab Harness (W14) Component Location or see Canopy
Harness