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KVPY QUESTION WITHANSWER(26-10-10)

1. The base radius of a solid in the form of a cone


is 4 cm and the height of the cone is 9 cm. It is
melted and recast into spherical balls of radius
0.5 cm. Find the number of balls, thus obtained.
(A) 512 (B) 300
(C*) 288 (D) 412
Sol. Let the number of spherical balls be n. Then,
the volume of the cone will be equal to the sum
of the volumes of the spherical balls. The radius
of the base of the cone = 4 cm
1
and the radius of the sphere = cm.
2
1
Now, the volume of the cone =  × 42 × 9
3
cm3 = 48  cm3
3
4  1
and, the volume of each sphere =    cm3
3 2

= cm3
6
Hence, we have

n = 48   n = 6 × 48 = 288
6
Hence, the required number of balls = 288.

2. An object is located 0.20 metre from a


converging lens which has a focal length of 0.15
metre, Relative to the object, the image formed
by the lens will be :
(A) real, erect and smaller
(B) real, inverted and smaller
(C) virtual, erect and larger
(D*) real, inverted and larger
Sol. u > f , so image will be real, inverted and larger

3 The reaction quotient (Q) for the reaction


N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) is given by Q =
2
[NH3 ]
. The reaction will proceed from right
[N2 ][H2 ]3
to left if
(A) Q < Kc (B*) Q > Kc
(C) Q = 0 (D) Q = Kc
Sol. Q > Kc will make the reaction to proceed from
right to left.

4. The mountaineers carry O2 with them because:


(A*) At an altitude of more than 5 km there is
no air.
(B) The amount of air available to person is less
than that available on ground.
(C) The temperature of air is higher than that on
the ground.
(D) All of these