You are on page 1of 34
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial Klaus-Peter Brand klaus-peter.brand@ch.abb.com
IEC 61850
Short Tutorial
Klaus-Peter Brand
klaus-peter.brand@ch.abb.com
LLeeccttuurreerr Scope Market Klaus-Pet er Brand requirements ABB Switzerland Ltd The standard structure ABB University Switzerland
LLeeccttuurreerr
Scope
Market
Klaus-Pet er Brand
requirements
ABB Switzerland Ltd
The standard
structure
ABB University Switzerland & ABB Power
Technology Systems (Utility Automation)
Acceptance
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Hierarchical
data model
Member of TC 57 WG10
Editor of IEC 61850-5
Co-editor of IEC 61850-7-4
Co-editor of IEC 61850-10
Member of Group of Experts handling amendments,
updates and extensions of IEC 61850
Liaison officer CIGRE SC B5 – IEC TC57
Services
klaus-peter.brand@ch.abb.com
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 2
Scope Acceptance Market requirements The standard structure Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services
Scope Acceptance Market requirements The standard structure Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services
Scope Acceptance Market requirements The standard structure Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services
Scope
Scope

Acceptance

Market

requirements

The standard structure

Approach

Logical Nodes and objects

Hierarchical data model

Services

SCL

Outlook

S S c c o o p p e e a a n n d d

SSccooppee aanndd SSAA ssttrruuccttuurree

S S c c o o p p e e a a n n d d

IEC 61850 means Serial Communication for all functions

S S c c o o p p e e a a n n d d

both between Station/Bay Level and Bay/Process Level

Station

level

bus

Bay

level

Process

level

Switchgear/Switchyard

IEC 61850 Short Tutorial

March2005 / Page 3

Station

bus

Process

HM I Station Station gatew a y computer Control Protection Protection Control Protection & Control Cu
HM I
Station
Station
gatew a y
computer
Control
Protection
Protection
Control
Protection
& Control
Cu w ires
Process Interface
Process Interface
Process Interface
SSiittuuaattiioonn bbeeffoorree IIEECC 6611885500 Scope Market requirements Station HM I Central The standard structure level Functions
SSiittuuaattiioonn bbeeffoorree IIEECC 6611885500
Scope
Market
requirements
Station
HM I
Central
The standard
structure
level
Functions
Station
Gatew a y
Acceptance
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Bay
Protection
Protection
Protection
Protection
Protection
level
1
2
& Control
1
2
Hierarchical
data model
Services
MVB, C AN
others
Processinterface
Processinterface
Processinterface
Process
SCL
level
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 4
MMaarrkkeett rreeqquuiirreemmeenntt Scope Market requirements The standard structure Acceptance Approach Because of the • global, deregulated
MMaarrkkeett rreeqquuiirreemmeenntt
Scope
Market
requirements
The standard
structure
Acceptance
Approach
Because of the
• global, deregulated market
• transnational business of utilities
• international business of providers
Logical Nodes
and objects
Hierarchical
data model
one and only one global standard
for communication in substations
Services
and beyond is needed
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 5
RReeqquuiirreemmeennttss aanndd mmeeaanniinngg Scope Interoperability Market requirements The ability for IED’s from one or several manufacturer
RReeqquuiirreemmeennttss aanndd mmeeaanniinngg
Scope
Interoperability
Market
requirements
The ability for IED’s from one or several
manufacturer to exchange information and use
the information for the their own functions.
The standard
structure
Acceptance
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Free configuration The standard shall support different philosophies
and allow a free allocation of functions e.g. it must
work equally well for centralized (RTU like) or
decentralized (SCS like) systems.
Hierarchical
data model
Services
Long term stability The standard shall be future proof, i.e.
it must be able to follow the progress in
communication technology as well as
evolving system requirements.
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 6
Scope requirements Market The standard structure Outlook SCL Services Hierarchical data model Logical Nodes and objects
Scope requirements Market The standard structure Outlook SCL Services Hierarchical data model Logical Nodes and objects

Scope

requirements

Market

The standard structure

Outlook

SCL

Services

Hierarchical data model

Logical Nodes and objects

Approach

Acceptance

T T h h e e r r e e s s p p o o

TThhee rreessppoonnssee:: IIEECC 6611885500 -- ssttrruuccttuurree ((11))

Configuration

System Aspects

IIEECC 6611885500--xx ((xx == ppaarrtt nnuummbbeerr))

T T h h e e r r e e s s p p o o
 

Configuration Language for electrical Substation IEDs

Part 6:

Part 1: Introduction and

Overview

Part 2: Glossary

Part 3: General Requirements

Part 4: Sys tem and Project Management

Part 5: Comm. Requirement for Functions and Device Models

March2005 / Page 7

IEC 61850 Short Tutorial

is for ready 61850 use IEC
is for ready 61850
use
IEC
Market requirements Scope The standard structure Acceptance Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services
Market requirements Scope The standard structure Acceptance Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services

Market

requirements

Scope

The standard structure

Acceptance

Approach

Logical Nodes and objects

Hierarchical data model

Services

SCL

Outlook

T T h h e e r r e e s s p p o o

TThhee rreessppoonnssee:: IIEECC 6611885500 -- ssttrruuccttuurree ((22))

Abstract Communication Ser vices

IIEECC 6611885500--xx ((xx == ppaarrtt nnuummbbeerr))

Part 7-2: Abstract Communication Services (ACSI)
Part 7-2: Abstract Communication
Services (ACSI)

Mapping to real Comm. Netw orks (SCSM)

Part 8-1: Mapping to MMS and to ISO/IEC 8802-3

 
 
 
 

Part 7-1: Principles and Models

Part 9-1: Sampled Values over Serial Unidirectional Multi-drop Point-to-Point link

Part 9-2: Sampled values over ISO 8802-3

Testing

Part 7-3: Common Data Classes

Data Models

Part 7-4: Compatible Logical Node Classes and Data Classes

Part 10:

use is for ready 61850 IEC
use
is for ready 61850
IEC

IEC 61850 Short Tutorial

March2005 / Page 8

Conformance Testing

Acceptance by Suppliers: see exhibition at Cigre exhibition Paris 2004 Booth of IEC 61850 Users Group
Acceptance by Suppliers: see exhibition at Cigre exhibition Paris 2004
Booth of IEC 61850 Users Group „UCA International“
Scope
Market
requirements
The standard
structure
Acceptance
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Hierarchical
data model
Services
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 9
Acceptance by Suppliers: participation at the UCA International booth Scope Market requirements The standard structure Acceptance
Acceptance by Suppliers: participation at the UCA International booth
Scope
Market
requirements
The standard
structure
Acceptance
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Hierarchical
data model
Services
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 10
AAcccceeppttaannccee bbyy CCuussttoommeerrss:: PPiilloott pprroojjeeccttss Scope Market requirements Pilot projects have been started at the end
AAcccceeppttaannccee bbyy CCuussttoommeerrss:: PPiilloott pprroojjeeccttss
Scope
Market
requirements
Pilot projects have been started at
the end of 2004
The standard
structure
They are not part of the
Acceptance
Tutorial
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
but will be reported
in the
Hierarchical
data model
Workshops
or in the
Services
SCL
Manufacturers’ Forum
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 11
AApppprrooaacchh aanndd mmeeaanniinngg Scope Problem for standardization approach Solution for standardization approach Market requirements Application Slow
AApppprrooaacchh aanndd mmeeaanniinngg
Scope
Problem for
standardization approach
Solution for
standardization approach
Market
requirements
Application
Slow
APPLIC ATION
Domain
sw itching devices
The standard
structure
Substation
protection & control
commands, events,
D AT A MODEL
Objects
Ser vice
alarms,
Acceptance
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
COMMUNICATION
7
Hierarchical
data model
ISO/OSI
messages,
6
se ven
telegrams, frames
5
la yer
on the w ire
4
Services
stack
3
2
Communication
SCL
Fast
1
Technology
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 12
IInnttrroodduuccttiioonn ooff LLooggiiccaall nnooddeess Scope Communication relations in a Substation Automation Syst em Market requirements The
IInnttrroodduuccttiioonn ooff LLooggiiccaall nnooddeess
Scope
Communication relations in a
Substation Automation Syst em
Market
requirements
The standard
structure
Information is exchanged between all devices (IED)
which comprise the system
Acceptance
More precisely, data are exchanged between the
functions and sub-functions residing in the devices
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Hierarchical
data model
The smallest part of the function that exchanges data
is called Logical Node (LN) in IEC 61850. The LN
performs some oper ations for the overall function
Services
IED
IED
SCL
LN
LN
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 13
Logical Nodes in the Language of Substation Engineers Control Example GIS Scope Q0/CSWI Q8/CSWI Market Q9/CSWI
Logical Nodes in the Language of Substation Engineers
Control
Example GIS
Scope
Q0/CSWI
Q8/CSWI
Market
Q9/CSWI
requirements
Bay-HMI
IHMI
The standard
structure
Earthing Switch
Q8_L1/XSWI
Gas density mon.
Acceptance
Q8_L1/SIMG
Approach
Secondary
Isolator
Logical Nodes
and objects
technology
Q9_L1/XSWI
Gas density mon.
Q9_L1/SIMG
Hierarchical
data model
Circuit Breaker
Services
Distance
Q0_L1/XCBR
Protection
Gas density mon.
SCL
Primary technology
PDIS
Q0_L1/SIMG
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 14
LLooggiiccaall NNooddee GGrroouuppss ((FFiirrsstt lleetttteerr lliisstteedd)) Scope Market requirements The standard structure Acceptance L System LN
LLooggiiccaall NNooddee GGrroouuppss ((FFiirrsstt lleetttteerr lliisstteedd))
Scope
Market
requirements
The standard
structure
Acceptance
L System LN (2)
P Protection (28)
R Protection related (10)
C Control (5)
G Generic (3)
I Interfacing and archiving (4)
A Automatic control (4)
M Metering and measurement (8)
S Sensor and monitoring (4)
X S witchgear (2)
T Instrument transformers (2)
Y Po wer transf ormers (4)
Z Further po wer system
equipment (15)
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Hierarchical
data model
Services
Examples
PDIF: Differential protection
RBRF: Breaker failure
XCBR: Circuit breaker
CSWI: Switch controller
MMXU: Measurement unit
YPTR: Power transformer
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 15
Acceptance Market requirements Scope The standard structure Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services
Acceptance Market requirements Scope The standard structure Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services

Acceptance

Market

requirements

Scope

The standard structure

Approach

Logical Nodes and objects

Hierarchical data model

Services SCL Outlook
Services
SCL
Outlook
D D a a t t a a m m o o d d e e

DDaattaa mmooddeell:: HHiieerraarrcchhyy

Bay Unit

Logical Device (LD)

Grouping

Logical Node (LN)

Logical Node (LN)

Data (Object)

Data

defined as Server

Control

CCSSWWII Switch Control

Position

Implementation

Physical Device (IED)

Attribute
Attribute

Properties

Control Value

Value

off/on

Status

Value

intermediate/off/on/bad

IEC 61850 Short Tutorial

March2005 / Page 16

DDaattaa mmooddeell:: HHiieerraarrcchhiiccaall sseett ooff oobbjjeeccttss Data container w ith related data Scope Market Common EExxaammppllee::
DDaattaa mmooddeell:: HHiieerraarrcchhiiccaall sseett ooff oobbjjeeccttss
Data container w ith related data
Scope
Market
Common
EExxaammppllee:: MMooddeelliinngg ooff aa ccoommbbiinneedd
requirements
LLN0
CCoonnttrrooll--PPrrootteeccttiioonn ddeevviiccee
Name plate
The standard
structure
“Vendor
etc.”
Common
LLN0
Acceptance
Control
Sw itch Control
Approach
Control
LLN0
Position
CSWI
Logical Nodes
and objects
Pos
ctlVal
stVal
Control Value
Status Value
Hierarchical
data model
Protection
LLN0
Protection
Overcurrent
PTOC
Str
Op
Services
Start/Pick-up
Operate/Trip
SCL
Outlook
See IEC 61850-7-1,2,3,4
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 17
Physical Device (Server)
Approach Logical Nodes and objects Market requirements Scope The standard structure Acceptance Hierarchical data model Services
Approach Logical Nodes and objects Market requirements Scope The standard structure Acceptance Hierarchical data model Services

Approach

Logical Nodes and objects

Market

requirements

Scope

The standard structure

Acceptance

Hierarchical data model

Services SCL Outlook
Services
SCL
Outlook
Benefits of modeling relationships between LNs

Benefits of modeling relationships between LNs

Device Example: Combined Protection and Control Unit CSWI (Switch Controller) PDIS (Distance Protection) Device Example: Station

Device Example: Combined Protection and Control Unit

CSWI

(Switch Controller)

PDIS

(Distance Protection)

Device Example: Station Workplace

IHMI

(Human Machine IF)

Device Example: Combined Protection and Control Unit CSWI (Switch Controller) PDIS (Distance Protection) Device Example: Station
Device Example: Combined Protection and Control Unit CSWI (Switch Controller) PDIS (Distance Protection) Device Example: Station
(C ircuit Breaker)
(C ircuit Breaker)
(C
ircuit Breaker)
Device Example: Combined Protection and Control Unit CSWI (Switch Controller) PDIS (Distance Protection) Device Example: Station
Device Example: Combined Protection and Control Unit CSWI (Switch Controller) PDIS (Distance Protection) Device Example: Station
Device Example: Combined Protection and Control Unit CSWI (Switch Controller) PDIS (Distance Protection) Device Example: Station

XCBR

TVTR

(Voltage Transformer)

Device Example: Combisensor

Device Example:

Circuit Breaker

IEC 61850 Short Tutorial

March2005 / Page 18

TCTR (C urrent Transformer)
TCTR
(C
urrent Transformer)
Logical Nodes and objects Approach Acceptance The standard structure Scope requirements Market Hierarchical data model SCL
Logical Nodes and objects Approach Acceptance The standard structure Scope requirements Market Hierarchical data model SCL

Logical Nodes and objects

Approach

Acceptance

The standard structure

Scope

requirements

Market

Hierarchical data model

SCL Outlook Services
SCL
Outlook
Services
E E x x a a m m p p l l e e f f

EExxaammppllee ffoorr LLooggiiccaall NNooddee:: LLNN XXCCBBRR oouutt ooff IIEECC 6611885500--77--44

+ ,( & & $% - + ,( & * " -& ' ! &
+ ,( & &
$%
-
+ ,( &
*
"
-&
' !
& ' ( ( ( ( )
%
"
" # $
! " # # ! $%&
"
%
"
"
. /
%
. /
"
. / &
-
. /- &
%
' &
'
%
"
-& (
-
!
+ ,( & & $% - + ,( & * " -& ' ! &

) " #

  • -

( ' 0 & )

. 1

( '01

! (

% - 2 3 ' & # IEC 61850 Short Tutorial March2005 / Page 19 .-
% - 2 3 ' & #
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 19
.- & &
( / & & #
%- 2 &
"
-
" +- & &
( / & & # ' ( #
-
Market requirements Scope The standard structure Acceptance Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model SCL
Market requirements Scope The standard structure Acceptance Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model SCL

Market

requirements

Scope

The standard structure

Acceptance

Approach

Logical Nodes and objects

Hierarchical data model

SCL Services Outlook
SCL
Services
Outlook
E E x x a a m m p p l l e e f f

EExxaammppllee ffoorr CCoommmmoonn DDaattaa CCllaassss DDPPCC

and description

q

CODED ENUM

stVal

TimeStamp

operTm

BOOLEAN

ctlVal

Attribute Type

Name

Attribute

t

off/on
off/on

intermediate/off/on/bad

Configuration

Quality

SboClasses

sboClass

INT32U

sboTimeout

CtlModels

ctlModel

PulseConfig

pulseConfig

status

Control and

TimeStamp

   
 
 

subEna

BOOLEAN

  • d Visible String255

subVal

CODED ENUM

subQ

Quality

subID

Visible String64

Substitution

IEC 61850 Short Tutorial

March2005 / Page 20

Logical Nodes and objects Approach Acceptance The standard structure Scope requirements Market Hierarchical data model Outlook
Logical Nodes and objects Approach Acceptance The standard structure Scope requirements Market Hierarchical data model Outlook

Logical Nodes and objects

Approach

Acceptance

The standard structure

Scope

requirements

Market

Hierarchical data model

Outlook SCL Services
Outlook
SCL
Services
E E x x a a m m p p l l e e f f

EExxaammppllee ffoorr LLooggiiccaall NNooddee:: LLNN PPDDIISS oouutt ooff IIEECC 6611885500--77--44

-& ' ") " # $ 4 " - % 1 " 0 6 % 1
-&
' ")
" # $ 4
"
-
% 1 "
0 6
% 1
)
"
5
0 5
-&
0 $
) " #
-
1 & (
-& 1
"
-
-
% 1
0 6
% 1
-
6
$ "
-
6 ( 7 (
0 6
6
$ "
% 7 (
0 6
%
! " # # ! $%&
!4
-& ' ") " # $ 4 " - % 1 " 0 6 % 1
0 6 - - 1 3 0 6 1 - % - 0 6 % -
0 6
-
-
1 3
0 6
1
-
% -
0 6
% -
-
-

more …

  • -

  • 0

  • 0 6

  • 0

March2005 / Page 21

IEC 61850 Short Tutorial

CCoommmmoonn ddaattaa ccllaasssseess ((CCDDCC)) Scope Market requirements Status settings (2) Analogue settings (2) Description inf ormation
CCoommmmoonn ddaattaa ccllaasssseess ((CCDDCC))
Scope
Market
requirements
Status settings (2)
Analogue settings (2)
Description inf ormation (3)
The standard
structure
Status information (7)
Measured information (9)
Controllable status (5)
Controllable analogue (1)
Acceptance
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Hierarchical
data model
Examples
SPS: Single point status
ACT: Protection activation
information
MV: Measured value
WYE: 3 Phase measured value
DPC: Double point control
SPG: single point setting
DPL: Device nameplate
Services
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 22
SSeerrvviicceess Scope SSttaannddaarrddiizzeedd ddaattaa aacccceessss aanndd ttrraannssffeerr ((SSeerrvviicceess)) Market requirements read a value / attribute w
SSeerrvviicceess
Scope
SSttaannddaarrddiizzeedd ddaattaa aacccceessss aanndd ttrraannssffeerr ((SSeerrvviicceess))
Market
requirements
read a value / attribute
w rite configuration attributes
The standard
structure
Acceptance
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
control a device (direct operate / select before operate)
e vent oriented communication with reporting
local storage of time-stamped events in a log
get directory information
file transfer for e.g.
-
parameter and soft ware do wnload
-
Hierarchical
data model
upload from monitoring information like travel curves or history of
gas densit y values
Services
Transfer of generic object oriented system e vents (GOOSE)
Transfer of sampled analog values (S AV)
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 23
Market requirements Scope The standard structure Acceptance Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services
Market requirements Scope The standard structure Acceptance Approach Logical Nodes and objects Hierarchical data model Services

Market

requirements

Scope

The standard structure

Acceptance

Approach

Logical Nodes and objects

Hierarchical data model

Services
Services
SCL Outlook
SCL
Outlook
I I E E C C 6 6 1 1 8 8 5 5 0 0

IIEECC 6611885500:: DDeettaaiillss ffoorr CCoommmmuunniiccaattiioonn sseerrvviicceess

ISO/OSI – Stack Hierarchical set of

Abstract Communication Services Interface ( ACSI)
Abstract
Communication
Services
Interface ( ACSI)
ISO/OSI – Stack Hierarchical set of Abstract Communication Services Interface ( ACSI) Data Model (Objects,Ser vices)
Data Model (Objects,Ser vices)
Data Model (Objects,Ser vices)

Stack

 

Interface

 

Model according to state-of-the-art SA technology

Real time

Splitting of S A specific data model from communication technolog y

Communication technolog y changes quickly

S A specific data model e vol ves slow ly

Communication

Client Server

MMS

TCP

IP

Communication

Values Sampled
Values
Sampled
Mapping
Mapping
GOOSE*
GOOSE*
ISO/OSI – Stack Hierarchical set of Abstract Communication Services Interface ( ACSI) Data Model (Objects,Ser vices)
Ethernet Ph ysical La yer w ith Priorit y tagging (100 Mbit/s)
Ethernet Ph ysical La yer w ith Priorit y tagging (100 Mbit/s)

Ethernet Link Layer

Rules how information is coded for transm ission

According to state-of-the art

Stack selection according to the state-of-the-art

Communication technology

comm unication technology

* Generic Object Oriented Substation Event

IEC 61850 Short Tutorial

March2005 / Page 24

Client-server communication and reporting Client-server communication Scope Market requirements The standard structure Acceptance using full seven
Client-server communication and reporting
Client-server communication
Scope
Market
requirements
The standard
structure
Acceptance
using full seven layer stack
confirmed transmission layer
very reliable
relatively time consuming.
Therefore, the client-server communication is not suited for time-critical
data transmission but very well for the communication with an operator
having a response time of the order of 1 s.
The server
Approach
is the source of all data for the client
Logical Nodes
and objects
The client
Hierarchical
data model
Services
SCL
Outlook
asks the server for information.
changes by parameter setting the behavior of the server
issues commands via the server e.g. to swit chgear
configures at the server conditions which allo w the server to send a
report automat ically to the client (report control block)
The content of the report is defined by a data set. In contrast to master-slave
mulitiple client-server links are possible.
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 25
TTiimmee ccrriittiiccaall ccoommmmuunniiccaattiioonn wwiitthh GGOOOOSSEE Problem for real-time data: No data change Scope - No time
TTiimmee ccrriittiiccaall ccoommmmuunniiccaattiioonn wwiitthh GGOOOOSSEE
Problem for real-time data:
No data change
Scope
-
No time for ackno wledgement
Market
-
No time for repetition after loss detected
requirements
GOOSE messages
(content defined b y data set) are repeated w ith maximum inter val T max
The standard
structure
Acceptance
T max = 1024 ms
T max = 1024 ms
time
Approach
Data change
Logical Nodes
and objects
GOOSE messages starts immediately with the changed
values in some short repetition intervals (T min ), then the
interval will be increase (fast or slo wly) to T max
Hierarchical
data model
b
Services
T min = 2
T max = 1024 ms
ms
time
SCL
Outlook
T max = 1024 ms
T max = 1024 ms
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 26
TTiimmee ccrriittiiccaall ddaattaa ffllooww wwiitthh SSVV ((ssaammppllee vvaalluueess)) Problem for real-time data: Scope - No time
TTiimmee ccrriittiiccaall ddaattaa ffllooww wwiitthh SSVV ((ssaammppllee vvaalluueess))
Problem for real-time data:
Scope
-
No time for ackno wledgement
Market
-
No time for repetition after loss detected
requirements
Benefit for samples:
The standard
structure
Some fe w samples may be lost
wit hout impact on the function to be performed
Acceptance
Sampled values (SV) messages are ver y similar to GOOSE messages:
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
SV messages are defined w ith help of data sets;
the start e vent is a continuous clocks pulse
Hierarchical
data model
The problem is the high s ynchronicit y requested for phasors (about 1 µµµµs);
this problem has to be sol ved b y time pulses for the time being.
Services
An extensions for time s ynchronization o ver the bus according to IEEE 1588
is not yet included but in preparation for IEC 61850
SCL
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 27
SSuubbssttaattiioonn CCoonnffiigguurraattiioonn ddeessccrriippttiioonn LLaanngguuaaggee ((SSCCLL)) Scope Formal description of device and system structure Market requirements To
SSuubbssttaattiioonn CCoonnffiigguurraattiioonn ddeessccrriippttiioonn LLaanngguuaaggee ((SSCCLL))
Scope
Formal description of device and system structure
Market
requirements
To provide interoperability a formal description of the
The standard
structure
Substation Automation System with all communication links is
needed
Acceptance
All IED capabilities have to be described formally in an
Approach
unambiguous way
Logical Nodes
and objects
All communication services applicable have to be described
formally in an unambiguous way
Hierarchical
data model
The relationship between the switchgear (single line) and
Services
the data of the substation automation system have to be
SCL
described formally in an unambiguous way
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 28
TTooppiiccss ooff SSCCLL Scope HMI GW Market requirements The standard structure Description of Single line diagram
TTooppiiccss ooff SSCCLL
Scope
HMI
GW
Market
requirements
The standard
structure
Description of Single line diagram
Allocation to Single line diagram
Access points for L AN connection
Acceptance
What inputs, e.g. GOOSE messages belong to an IED? Input section !
Approach
Data sets and control blocks for report and GO OSE messages
Logical Nodes
and objects
Instantiable t ypes of
LNs (LN T ype), Data objects (DO t ypes), Data attributes (D A t ypes)
Hierarchical
data model
Data model (ser ver side) w ith ser vices: IED capabilit y description
Services
SCL
BU 1
BU 2
BU 3
BU 4
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 29
SSCCLL:: FFoorrmmaall ddeessccrriippttiioonn ooff ddeevviiccee aanndd ssyysstteemm ssttrruuccttuurree Scope For the formal description is provided by
SSCCLL:: FFoorrmmaall ddeessccrriippttiioonn ooff ddeevviiccee aanndd ssyysstteemm ssttrruuccttuurree
Scope
For the formal description is provided by the
Market
SSuubbssttaattiioonn CCoonnffiigguurraattiioonn ddeessccrriippttiioonn LLaanngguuaaggee ((SSCCLL))
requirements
The standard
structure
based on XML
defined in part 6 of the standard (IEC 61850-6)
Acceptance
usable for
IED Capability Description (ICD) files
Approach
System Configuration Description (SCD) file
Logical Nodes
and objects
System functional specification (SSD)
and more
Hierarchical
data model
The engineering information is exchangeable
Services
betw een tools !!!
SCL
Outlook
See IEC 61850-6
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 30
TThhee EEnnggiinneeeerriinngg PPrroocceessss wwiitthh SSCCLL SCD file Scope Device part per Device (IED) specific Market IED
TThhee EEnnggiinneeeerriinngg PPrroocceessss wwiitthh SSCCLL
SCD file
Scope
Device
part per
Device (IED)
specific
Market
IED
tool
requirements
The standard
structure
IED Capabilit y De-
scription (ICD) file
SCL files
Acceptance
System
Approach
configurator
Logical Nodes
and objects
System specification
description (SSD) file
System
Configuration
Description (SCD)
file
Hierarchical
data model
System
Single
Feeder
Documentation
Line
Block
Services
files
Diagram
Diagram
SCL
(S/S
(function
spec)
spec)
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 31
Device Selection
DDeessiiggnn eexxaammppllee Scope Ethernet HMI GW Ring Market requirements The standard structure Ethernet Acceptance Sw itch
DDeessiiggnn eexxaammppllee
Scope
Ethernet
HMI
GW
Ring
Market
requirements
The standard
structure
Ethernet
Acceptance
Sw itch
Approach
Logical Nodes
and objects
Hierarchical
data model
Services
BU 1
BU 2
BU 3
BU 4
SCL
Outlook
Bay Control and/or
Protection Unit
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 32
IIEECC 6611885500:: WWhhaatt iiss ssttaannddaarrddiizzeedd aanndd wwhhaatt nnoott ?? Scope Standardized Market requirements Data model with
IIEECC 6611885500:: WWhhaatt iiss ssttaannddaarrddiizzeedd aanndd wwhhaatt nnoott ??
Scope
Standardized
Market
requirements
Data model with LN, DO, Attributes
The standard
structure
Services
Configuration Language (SCL)
ICD file (requested) and other SCL based files
Acceptance
Approach
Not standardized
Logical Nodes
and objects
LD and high plant identification
Functions
Hierarchical
data model
Allocation of functions to IEDs
SA concepts and architectures
Services
Redundancy
SCL
Tools and engineering process
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 33
FFuuttuurree Activities Scope Maintenance of IEC 61850 within substations Market Work started to use use IEC
FFuuttuurree
Activities
Scope
Maintenance of IEC 61850 within substations
Market
Work started to use use IEC 61850 also outside the substation, i.e.
requirements
for wind power,
The standard
structure
for hydro power,
for distributed energy resources (DER)
Acceptance
The feasibility of IEC 61850 for the link to the NCC has been
proven, a harmonization between the data model of IEC 61850
Approach
and the CIM model on Network Level is in progress
Logical Nodes
and objects
New work items to use IEC 61850 for line protection
(teleprotection) are in preparation.
Hierarchical
data model
The IEC TC57 WG10 takes care to the common data model
The user group UCA International promotes the standard and
Services
tries to support all users.
SCL
The goal is a seamless communication architecture for utilities
Outlook
IEC 61850 Short Tutorial
March2005 / Page 34