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1. What is database?

Organize structure to store, manage and retrieve data with the help of table.

2. Where can I get the list of all the transaction code in SAP?

TSTC table will contain all the Tcodes and

TSTCT table will contain all the Tcodes with Texts.

3. What is SAP web dispatcher?

It lies between the internet and you SAP system. It is a entry point of HTTP (Hyper
Text Transfer Protocol).

Basic function of SAP dispatcher:

• Select an appropriate application server

• Filter URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

• Depending on the SSL (Secure sockets Layer), forward, terminates and

encrypts requests.


SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a commonly-used protocol for managing the security
of a message transmission on the Internet

4. What is Work Process?

Work processes execute the individual dialog steps and work is done.

Types of work process in SAP interface:

• Dialog Work Process: Dialog work processes deal with requests from an
active user to execute dialog steps

• Update Work Process: Update work processes execute database update


• Background Work Process: Background work processes process programs

that can be executed without user interaction

• Enqueue Work Process: The enqueue work process administers a lock table in
the shared memory area.
• Spool Work Process: The spool work process passes sequential datasets to a
printer or to optical archiving.


Each work process handle on type of request.

Dialog step is the processing needed to get from one screen to the next. It includes
all processing that occurs after the user issues a request, up to and including the
processing needed to display the next screen.

5. What is a service in SAP terminology?

Something is offered by a software component.

6. What is a server is SAP terminology?

Process or group is called the server for respective service.

7. How to differentiate between ABAP central instance and Dialogue


Central instance have message server installed on it

Dialogue instance do not have message server

Message server: The central communication component. The task of the message
server is to inform all the servers (instances) belonging to an SAP System of the
existence of the other servers.

Message Service: Separate program used for communication between the elements
of JAVA cluster and provide load balancing.

This Java cluster consists of:

• A (central) Java instance

• The Central Services instance.

• The Database.

A Java Instance consists of:

• a Java Dispatcher

• One or several server processes

Load Balancing: The purpose of load balancing is to distribute inbound requests

optimally to the available resources.
Central Services: run on one physical machine and constitute a Java instance. They
comprise the Message Service and the Enqueue Service.

Enqueue Service: The enqueue service is used to manage logical locks.

The enqueue service has the following tasks:
• Internally it is used for synchronization within the Java cluster.
• The applications can lock objects and release locks again. The enqueue
service processes these requests and manages the lock table with the
existing locks.

8. What is RAF?
Remote Function Call (RFC) is the standard SAP interface for communication
between SAP client and server over TCP(Transmission Control Protocal)/IP or CPI-C
(Common Programming Interface for Communication)connections.
A Remote Function Call enables a computer to execute a program an another
computer. The called program is executed locally on the remote computer using the
remote computer’s environment, CPU and data storage.

9. What is R/3 in SAP system?

R/3 stands for real time 3 tier architecture.
Three layers are:
• Presentation - GUI (Graphical User Interface) (Where SAP GUI have.)
• Application - programs and manages the input and output (Where SAP
• Database - Handle user request for Data. (Where Database installed)

SAP Basis or Netweaver:

R/3 Basis software it’s a piece of middleware which links the application with the
database and the operating system.

10. What is ERP?

A system that integrates all data and process of an organization into an unified
system. This unified database to store data from the various system modules.

11. What is SAP Instance?

An SAP instance defines a group R/3 services that are started and stopped together,
such as memory, work processes and so on, usually in support of a single
application server or database server within a client/server environment.
An SAP system can consist of one or more instances

12. What is the difference between synchronous and asynchronous

Synchronous transport Dialog or batch process is blocked until import has ended
Asynchronous transport Dialog or batch process is released after import is started

13. What is internet user Alias?

If SAP Internet user is not specified and user name is not known, the Alias name is
used to logon with certain internet transaction.

14. Why do we call client 000 as golden client?

Golden client contains all the configuration data and master data so some extent.
All the configuration settings are done in golden clients and then moved to other
clients. Hence this client acts as a master record for all transaction settings, hence
the name "Golden Client".

15. What is SAP workflow?

Mapping the business processes that are no yet in the R/3 system.

16. What is an authorization object?

Authorization concept protects transactions, programs, and services in SAP systems
from unauthorized access. On the basis of the authorization concept, the
administrator assigns authorizations to the users that determine which actions a
user can execute in the SAP system, after he or she has logged on to the system
and authenticated himself or herself.