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SEMESTER 2 20182019

TUTORIAL 1

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Basic Concepts

QUESTIONS

multi-fluid manometer. Determine the gage pressure of air in the tank if h1=

0.2m, h2 = 0.3m, and h3 = 0.4m.Takethedensities of water, oil, and mercury to

be 1000 kg/m3, 850 kg/m3, and 13,600 kg/m3, respectively.

2. The barometer of a mountain hiker reads 750 mbars at the beginning of a hiking trip

and 650 mbars at the end. Neglecting the effect of altitude on local gravitational

acceleration, determine the vertical distance climbed. Assume an average air density of

1.20 kg/m3.

3. Freshwater and seawater flowing in parallel horizontal pipelines are connected to each

other by a double U-tube manometer. Determine the pressure difference between the

two pipelines. Take the density of seawater at that location to be r = 1035 kg/m3. Can

the air column be ignored in the analysis?

4. Both a gage and a manometer are attached to a gas tank to measure its pressure. If the

reading on the pressure gage is 80 kPa, determine the distance between the two fluid

levels of the manometer if the fluid is (a) mercury (r = 13,600 kg/m3) or

(b) water (r = 1000 kg/m3).

5. Consider a double-fluid manometer attached to an air pipe. If the specific gravity of one

fluid is 13.55, determine the specific gravity of the other fluid for the indicated absolute

pressure of air. Take the atmospheric pressure to be 100 kPa.

6. Consider the system shown in Fig. P1–81. If a change of 0.7 kPa in the pressure of air

causes the brine–mercury interface in the right column to drop by 5 mm in the brine

level in the right column while the pressure in the brine pipe remains constant,

determine the ratio of A2/A1.

ground control reports a barometric reading of 753 mmHg while the pilot’s reading is

690 mmHg. Estimate the altitude of the plane from ground level if the average air

density is 1.20 kg/m3

8. A water pipe is connected to a double-U manometer as shown in Fig. P1–111E at a

location where the local atmospheric pressure is 14.2 psia. Determine the absolute

pressure at the center of the pipe.

9. A pressure cooker cooks a lot faster than an ordinary pan by maintaining a higher

pressure and temperature inside. The lid of a pressure cooker is well sealed, and steam

can escape only through an opening in the middle of the lid. A separate metal piece, the

petcock, sits on top of this opening and prevents steam from escaping until the pressure

force overcomes the weight of the petcock. The periodic escape of the steam in this

manner prevents any potentially dangerous pressure build-up and keeps the pressure

inside at a constant value. Determine the mass of the petcock of a pressure cooker whose

operation pressure is 100 kPa gage and has an opening cross-sectional area of 4 mm2.

Assume an atmospheric pressure of 101 kPa, and draw the free-body diagram of the

petcock

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