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9L0Z SNINdS SASHNOD N9ISAG 40 1OOHIS ALVNAGVUS PURO ETN A TeReh Rohr da machine, and the historical city respectively, the fourth typology is rooted in the developmental city. The first half of the seminar will begin with the understanding of type from Quatremére de Quincy and J.N.L Durand through the dialectics of idea and model. This renewed understanding of type and typology will offer an alternative reading of the writings and projects of Aldo Rossi and Rem Koolhaas as attempts to revalidate architecture's societal and political role through the redefinition of the idea of the city. This idea of the city will be discussed through Aristotle's polis, Schmitt's homogenous demos, Mouffe’s agonistic pluralism, Rossi’s “collective memory,” Agamben's “dispositif,” and Koolhaas’ “heterogeneous containments.” The second half of the seminar will be focused on the history and theory behind the emergence of the developmental city and its corresponding dominant types. This discussion will cover the various urban and typological outcomes instigated by the development city model—the mega-plot, cross- borders cities, and the urbanized countryside. Adding to this line of inquiry, the seminar will investigate the role of the factory in motivating shifts in the nature and process of urbanization. The history and evolution of the factory reflects the transformation of the nature of industries and its relation to the city and its economy. The factory was once a polluting, spartan large shed, exiled to the peripheries of the city; in the late 1970s it was a sterile assembly plant; in the 1990s it was clustered around lush greenery as business parks for research and management; and in the 2000s, collaborative spaces were the de rigueur. This investigation will be underpinned by the theories offered in the first half of the seminar and further complemented by guest seminars. Open to all students, the seminars in this course will complement Option Studio 1508: The Factory and the City. It will provide the theoretical and historical basis for the investigation into the future of industrial spaces in the developmental city. Note: This course was previously offered as 9123. Students who previously took 9123 will not be able to take 3352 for credit. 03354: Socio-Environmental Responsive Design (DES 0335400) Jose Luis Vallejo, Belinda Tato Department of Architecture, Seminar, 4 credits, limited enrollment This seminar considers the complexity of the human ecosystem and the interpenetration of natural and artificial elements that are embedded within it. People, nature, and the built environments we have constructed all influence one another in a complex system of reciprocal interaction. Human ingenuity in developing techniques to improve climatic comfort has allowed us to inhabit extreme climate zones, where artificial conditions impose over the natural ones. Adaptation strategies have evolved from the adoption of clothing and the Construction of simple shelters to the complex arrangements and technologies that facilitate physical survival and large-scale settlement in cities today. In this course we will focus on the atmospheric conditions of the Contemporary city and how they affect the use of public space. As a case study, Wwe are going to focus on Bahrain. This is a country of extremes, an archipelago with one of the harshest climates on the planet, located in the Persian Gulf. Bahrain is a small istand approximately 34 miles long by 11 miles wide— 2 country slightly larger than the Boston metropolitan area. In recent years ahrain has been considered the fastest growing economy in the Arab world and the world’s fastest growing financial center. In Bahrain, the imposition of artificial conditions over natural ones 'S Particularly pronounced, becoming an excellent case study on how to Fenegotiate the limits between natural conditions and the built environment. We will analyze Bahrain's urban issues affecting the use of public space in this unique cultural and climatic region. Using the city of Muharraq within the context of Bahrain, we will explore the potential of responsive design, where nature and artifice could establish a creative dialogue, to design new environments that can improve social life. 03355: The Architecture of Health: Power, Technology, and the Hospital (DES 0335500) Michael Murphy, Alan Ricks Department of Architecture, Seminar, 4 credits, limited enrollment This seminar traces the form of the hospital from the beginning of modern medicine through to the present, across Europe, the United States, and Africa. The seminar considers the hospital in a complex historical context that includes political and social systems, medical science, and architectural thought. It relies on historical scholarship, original sources, and case studies to demonstrate the hospital's role as a receptor and a generator of new politics, social orders, and architectural paradigms, and describe the design tensions that have defined the typology throughout history. This course will draw on the experience of a number of guest speakers representing perspectives from across the sectors of design, health care, and global health. Ultimately, it is the mission of the course to ask the questions, “What is the hospital? How and why has it evolved over time? And how does it need to evolve to meet our global needs for health into the future?” Students in this course will have the opportunity to contribute their original research and analysis to a publication with MASS Design Group on this topic. 03452: Philosophy of Technology (DES 0345200) Robert Silman Department of Architecture, Seminar, 4 credits, limited enrollment We marvel at the technology that is available to us as we design our buildings. Both the process of design and its end product—the building—benefit from the latest technological developments. Could we even dream of creating these wonders without the latest tools and coolest new products? Half of what architects do is technological (assuming that the other half is aesthetic]. We are taught how to use technology and have learned the lessons well—we can build anything. But the corollary question of “Ought we build it?” is seldom addressed and we do not even possess the tools to answer this query. This course will provide the background to make an informed ethical decision. We will examine historical and contemporary philosophical ideas regarding technology and its effect on man and on the environment—we will not just accept and use them but critically analyze technical elements of the built environment. By the end of the course each student will arrive at a personal philosophy and ethic regarding the use of technology. Using seminar method, not lectures, to discuss the assigned topic for the week, examples of architectural, planning, and historic preservation technology will be used to illustrate concepts. Students will be expected to make the connections from the general theme of technology to that of how the particular reading impacts architecture, preservation, and planning. Students must come to each class fully prepared; they must be able to complete each week's assignment prior to class. Each year a different sector of the philosophy of technology is explored in some depth. For spring 2016, we will examine “the great reversal”—how over the past 2,500 years we have relinquished our deep-rooted intellectual and practical capabilities and good judgment (or phronesis as the Greeks called 12