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Homosexuality. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.britannica.


This resource has an abundant amount of information, ranging from history to theories.
This will be a great stating place from research as it gives a general overview of everything
relating to the topic of homosexuality. One of the most important pieces that this website offers
is the contemporary issues section. This section goes into great detail of the struggling from
homosexuals in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. It also gives details on the stonewall riots,
which is extremely important as it started the gay rights movement. This will be a great place to
base research off of considering it gives such a wide variety.

McFarland, P. (1998). Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Student Suicide. Professional School

Counseling, 1, 26–29.

The essential question has been narrowed to explore the effects of being a sexual

minority on suicide in youth. This still allows some of the history and other information to be

included, but allows for a narrowing of future research. This article is extremely well written and

breaks the entire article down into easy to read subheading ranging from background to

responsive services. The part that will be most beneficial is the risk factors. This article

contributes the increase to 12 risk factors: Society, Self-Esteem, Family, Religion, School, Social

Isolation, Substance Abuse, Professional Help, Youth Programs, Relationships with Lover,

Independent Living, and AIDs. This will be a great place to begin searching into the correlation

between these factors and suicide.

Morris, B. (n.d.). History of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender social movements.

American Psychological Association. Retrieved from

This article offers a great insight into the history of the LGBTQIA+ community. From
the pulse nightclub mass shooting to the social movements. It then describes how the community
had progresses and the alliance between the LGBT and muslin community. It also offers a list of
references that will also provide great information for more research. This is a very reputable
source and also provides some psychology behind the aspects they reference. While this article
is quit long, it offers amazing resources.

Persecution of homosexual. (n.d.). United states holocaust memorial museum. Retrieved from


This article offers a lot of surprising and saddening facts about what happened to
homosexuals during the holocaust. From the burning of the Institute for Sexual Science to the
Gestapo division on homosexuals, it explains everything that happened to homosexuals. This
will be a great addition to already gathered research because the paper will explore why people
are fearing to come out and by taking a deep look into the history of persecution. It also
describes the unfair treatment that only gay men received. It also suggests a new research
findings published in “forgotten victims”.
Polari: The code language gay men used to survive. (2018). Retrieved from


This resource takes an in depth look into Polari, a language almost forgotten that saved
the lives of many men. Polari was a language that gay men used in the 1960 in the UK after
being gay was “decriminalized” but still punishable. It is a combination of different languages
and is was known as the language of love. How it was used was a gay man would sneak saying
into conversation with another man to see if he would pick up on them, is he did this would lead
to most all of the conversation being put into Polari. BBC was knowing for using and
popularizing Polari without the public catching on. It fell out of usage in the 1970s when being
gay became a “protected class”. Today some words in the modern English alphabet come from
Polari, like fantabulous. Really informative video and article, but focus solely on Polari.

Proctor, Curtis D., and Victor K. Groze. “Risk Factors for Suicide among Gay, Lesbian, and

Bisexual Youths.” Social Work, vol. 39, no. 5, 1994, pp. 504- 513.

This is a well written yet sad study that was done to explain how family issues, social
environments, and self-perception are associated with suicidal ideation and attempts. This
introduced the world ideation, which just means the formation of idea. The article expresses that
family and self-perception have the highest impact and social environment has a moderate
impact. The group organized the participates into three groups; those who never thought about
and never attempted suicide, those who thought but never acted, and those who thought and
acted. Lastly, and the reason the article is helpful is because it has an “implication for social
workers” section and a “prevention” section. This is what the paper will focused on, not just on
suicide but also on prevention.
Ryan, C., Futtermna, D., & Stine, K. (1998). Helping our hidden youth. The American Journal

of Nursing, 12, 37-41.

This article exposed truths that are often overlooked, the health and mental health care of
queer youth. The article is comprised into sections that each offer a different piece of information
that will be helpful in proving some major points for the paper. It also provides different risk
factors than the rest of the articles. What the article highlights is the experiential difference queer
youth have in school. It expresses that 5 times more likely to have skipped school in the past
mother because they felt unsafe en route or at school and 4 times more likely to be threatened
and injured with a weapon at school. It is because of these experiential difference that this article
contributes the 37% suicide rate in queer youth.

Sinay, D. (August 20, 2016). Reasons why people are afraid of coming out of the

closet. TeenVogue. Retrieved from


While TeenVogue might not be the most reliable of sources, this is an important one to
look at. Since the paper has been now being narrowed to fear of coming out, this article gives the
outlook teens have on coming out. Not just as gay, but trans, gender fluid, and pansexual. They
used an app called whisper, which is a completely anonymous pooling software, because
everyone in this article is afraid. This article highlights the everyday thoughts of people who
identify as anything but cis-het. This article will mainly be used in the elevator pitch and
paragraphs on what today’s teens are facing, because while it might not be government issued
“cleansing”, it is still fear of murder for events like Orlando, fear of rejection like so many youth,
and fear of responses.
Vare, J., & Norton, T. (1998). Understanding gay and lesbian youth: sticks, stones, and silence.

The Clearing House, 71, 327-331.

The article is one again broken into easy to follow section, but the most interesting one
was gaining understanding through book. What this article focuses on is how “we, society at
large, is the greatest risk factor for gay youth suicide”. The authors emphasis that to gain an
understanding of what gay youth go through is to read from the perspective of a gay youth. It
gives recommendation like Am I Blue? Coming Out from Silence and The Best Little Boy in the
World, this information will be utilized to further research and to incorporate the idea that society
needs to change.

Villicana, A., Delucio, K., & Biernat, M. (2016). “Coming out” among gay Latino and gay

White men: implications of verbal disclosure for well-being. Self and Identity, 15, 468-


This was the first of many journals for this topic. This specific one looked into how
coming out and verbally expressing the identity affects the wellbeing of, specifically, gay white
and Latino males. It does not state they chose just these two groups, but it still provides helpful
and informative data. What they responded was a Drastic increase in the “subjective Well-
Being” of the gay and Latino men. What was most interesting was that white gay men had a
lower subjective well-being rating by almost 16 times, but after coming about had a much higher
well-being rate. Also that White gay men had a lower disclosure rate. The researchers attributed
this to Latino culture not expressing the same fears with coming out, and are less likely to hide
their sexuality, but at the same time are not verbally disclosing it.