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ASSIGNMENT 1

TOPIC: PREPARE A CASE STUDY OF PROBLEMS FACED BY


INDIAN INDUSTRIES IN IMPLEMENTING THE CONCEPT OF CIM

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TOPIC: PREPARE A CASE STUDY OF PROBLEMS FACED BY INDIAN
INDUSTRIES IN IMPLEMENTING THE CONCEPT OF CIM

WHAT IS CIM? INTEGRATION AND ADAPTABILITY


The term CIM comprises three words- ISSUES:
Computer, Integrated and Manufacturing. Thus The integration and adaptability issues are
CIM is an attempt to combine computer generally affected by factors such as business
technologies in order to manage and control the strategy, manufacturing strategy, availability of
entire manufacturing and business. knowledge workers, software professionals,
complexity of material flow, information flow pattern
CIM STRATEGIES: and decision making processes, product and process
CIM can be used as a strategy for enterprise complexities, supplier/purchasing activities,
resource planning for business - wide level of behavioural issues, etc. The major components of
integration. This indicates the relationship between CIM are CAD/CAM technologies, computer
business process engineering and computer- numerically control (CNC) equipment, robots, and
integrated manufacturing with an objective to FMS technology. The computer system is used to
achieve the enterprise integration and management integrate design and then manufacturing process and
for improving productivity and quality. The other production planning and control systems (such
motivation for CIM has been based on the as inventories, materials, schedules, etc.) and the
perceived need for the manufacturing industry to integration of manufacturing activities with both
respond to changes more rapidly than in the past. vendors and suppliers.
CIM promises many benefits including increased
machine utilization, reduced work-in-process
inventory, increased productivity of working
capital, reduced number of machine tools, reduced
labour costs, reduced lead times, more consistent
product quality, less floor space and reduced set-up
costs.

MODELS OF CIM ARCHITECTURE:


CIM is a concept of production realisation Integration activities
using, to the maximum extent possible, integration
Areas Issues
of information flows in an enterprise. Processes
Strategic Alignment between business
covered by integration include, first of all,
and manufacturing strategies
production preparation and planning,
manufacturing, control of material flow and Organisational Structure, Communication
inventory, quality control and others, which are not Behavioural Leadership, Teamwork,
directly connected with the production process. Incentives, Motivation,
CIM concept has three sources: Empowerment,Concurrency,
Collaboration, Agility
1. Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS’s), Technological Networking,
which emerged as a result of the development of Communication Systems,
NC, CNC numerical control techniques. Databases, Knowledge
2. Graphical data processing systems, bases, Groupware
affording possibilities for computer support of Operational Design, Engineering,
development (R&D), product construction and Production planning
production planning processes. and control system,
3. IT systems supporting management of Accounting
individual subsystems within an enterprise: From the following section, the above
accounting, personnel and remuneration, mentioned problems during CIM implementation will
production planning, material management, etc. be discuss in detail.

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1.Strategic Issue

Manufacturing industry Integration problems Adaptability problems


characteristics
General Absence of total management Lack of knowledge about
system CIM
General Barrier to automation, Lack Lack of co-operative
of investment supported work and
justification methods
FMS (Flexible Alignment between business Top down business oriented
Manufacturing System) and manufacturing strategies strategies
Manufacturing Lack of user involvement Organizational learning and
and tolerance change
2.Organisational Issue
General Absence of total management Discouraging measurement
system
Manufacturing Lack of human machine Lack of business process
interaction characteristics
Manufacturing Lack of information Handling variability and
technologies conflicts
3.Behavioural Issue
Manufacturing Safety requirements Difficulty in operating and
maintaining the CIM system
Manufacturing Lack of co-operation Lack of action-oriented
strategies
General Lack of top management Risk of production loss
support
4.Technological Issue
Manufacturing Incompatible computer Insufficient internal skills
system
General Lack of integration enterprise Inability to migrate to future
engineering technology
General Communication system IT strategy must offer a
consistent approach
Lumber Industry Short tool life, Frequent job Lack of Co-operation from
changes and long set-up employees
items
5.Operational Issue
Manufacturing Lack of communication Market needs, Quick
systems and integration response, Competitive price
Service industry Integration of all functional Lack of suitable information
areas, Total integration of all systems and technology
information technology
General Environmental problems Continuous improvement in
this area

The above issues are the problems faced by Indian industry to implementing the CIM
concept. The research should be further strengthened towards developing optimised CIM
systems to control the scarce resources we are having today and to meet the current
competitive and agility requirements.

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