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TURBONutter Lada Niva 4x4 Service Manual Fuel Injection This manual and a host of other wonderful Lada Niva documentation is available free of charge at: http://www. turbo-nutter.com You can do anything you like with this manual except sell it or otherwise make money from it. While | can't stop you sticking it on your own website | would much prefer you linked to its original location on turbo-nutter.com You use the information contained with this manual at you own risk. If you're not sure how to do something either don’t do it or ask someone who knows about such things. The font of all Lada knowledge can be found at: http://www. lada.co.uk/forum For Lada parts, advice and general all round Lada wonderfulness these blokes aren't bad: Lada UK Ltd Lada Parts Australia P/L Askew Rigg 42 Aerodrome Road Troutbeck Caboolture Penrith, Cumbria Queensland CA11 0SZ 4510 United Kingdom Australia T: +44 (0) 17 6877 9794 T: +61 7 5495 5100 F: +44 (0) 17 6877 9197 F: +61 7 5495 5152 E: alan@lada.co.uk €. andy@ladaparts.com W: http://www. lada.co.uk W: http://www. ladaparts.com i ‘ t ‘ - ENGINE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 1.7L THROTTLE BODY INJECTION. 2. DIAGNOSIS INTRODUCTION Diagnosing the electronic fuel injection and engine management system is fairly straightforward if you use ‘sound diagnostic procedure. ‘The first and foremost order of importance, for diag- nosing a problem with any type of system, is 10 under- slang how that system is supposed to nonmally operate. Whether itis an automotive sysiem, a heating system for building, or even a human biological system like your heart or lungs, before attempts are made to repair a problem, it is crucial to understand what is normal and ‘what is not normal. In other words, to be effective in diagnosing and repairing problems withthe electronic fuel injection and engine management system, it's important that you pos §5€85 2 g00d working knowledge of the system. Having the proper diagnostic tools and reference materials available, and anendance at taining schools is ‘good method for planning to succeed when diagnosing problems or malfunctions with the engine management system, ‘This manual has a section specifically written to help in understanding how the system normally oper- ates, The first section of this manual, Section “t”, dled “General Description and System Operation,” is a good place to begin your understanding of normal system and Component operation. Make sure you lake the time 10 read the material contained at least once. The Importance of Mechanical Systems Don't forget, undemeath all the wiring, electronics, sensors, and actuators is 2 basic intemal combustion ‘engine. The fuel injection and engine management sys- tem assumes that all of the engine’s mechanical systems re functioning properly. As a reminder.’here are a few “basic engine” items that might cause conditions that could be blamed incorrectty on the “electronics,” the engine management system. Low compression ‘Vacuum leaks Exhaust system restrictions Incorrect valve timing caused by wor parts or Incorrect assembly Poor quality fuel Ignored regular maintenance ietervais The Importance of Having the Special Diagnostic Tools ‘There are certain special diagnostic tools that are called out in the diagnostic procedures and chars, These tools are designed for specific diagnostic uses, and the service manual procedures and charts that call for their se are wntten 10 equire having these tools available. If the special diagnostic tools are not used where indicat- ed, most efforts to accurately diagnose problems with the engine management system will be extremely diffi- cult, i€ not impossible. These special diagnostic tools have been carefully designed and selected, and ate available as a diagnostic toot kit through Kent-Moore SPX Corporation. ‘Address, FAX, and phone numbers are supplied in Section 6 - “Special Tools,” of this man- wal. ‘As 10 special tools, it is important ro remember that none of the special diagnostic tools will make you into a diagnostic genius. No tool will ever replace human intellect. Tools can’t perform a diagnosis for you, and they don’t eliminate the need for diagnostic charts and service procedures, All of the special diagnostic tools are just that—tools. “Tools are used to help perform various tasks. Some tools, such as the Tech 1 diagnostic tool or the digital volt-ohm-amp multimeter, allow us @ way to examine what is happening in an electrical or electronic circuit, The Tech I diagnostic toot is by itself a small handheld ‘computer, and communicates with the electronic control module. The Tech T allows us a way of “seeing what the electronic control module is interpreting from its ‘various input signals, and a “window” to observe what ‘commands are being sent to the various devices wnat are controlled and operated by the electronic contral module, Knowledge required tis NOT required that you fully understand how elec uronics and computers operate. What is required is @ basic working knowledge of applied electrical theory, such as voltage, current, resistance, and what happens in an “open” circuit, and what happens in a “shorted” cir- cuit. You should also be familiar with interpreting a sim- ple wiring diagram. Also, you should be familiar with how to use a digital volt-ohm-amp multimeter in various situations, Of course, itis assumed that you have a good ‘understanding of how a basic automotive engine oper- ates, \VAZ SERVICE MANUAL THROTTLE BODY INJECTION IVA, The engine used in this vehicle has controls 10 reduce exhaust emissions while maintaining good drive- ability and fuel econorny, An electronic control module is the heart of this consrol system and has serisors used co get information about engine operation and about the various systems it ‘conirols. Details of basic operation are covered in Sec- tion "1", “General Description and System Operation.” ‘The electronic contro! module has the ability to do some diagnosis of the engine management. When it finds @ problem, it tums “ON” 2 “CHECK ENGINE” light on the instrument panel, and a trouble code will be stored in the electronic control module memory. This does not mean that the engine should be stopped right ‘away, but that the cause of the light coming “ON” should be checked as soon as reasonably possible. DIAGNOSIS PROCEQURE This portion of Section “2", “Diagnosis” of the manual is divided into 5 parts. They are: INTRODUCTION. This contains general informa. tion about how to use this section, “A” SECTION AND “A-_" CHARTS. This is ‘where all diagnostic procedures begin. [t contains: the all-important “DIAGNOSTIC CIRCUIT CHECK"; charts about the “Check Engine" light; what to do.if the ‘engine. will not run; and other general charts. 2 ENGINE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 1.7L THROTTLE BODY INJECTION TROUBLE CODE CHARTS. if the DIAGNOSTIC CIRCUIT CHECK reveals a rouble code set in the elec- tronic control module's memory, this is where the indi- vidual trouble codes are diagnosed. If more than one trouble code is stored, always start with the lowest num= ber before going to.the next higher trouble code. “B" SECTION, DRIVEABILITY SYMPTOMS. If ‘no trouble code is stored, or a code is stored but proves to be only an intermittent condition, this part will hetp the mechanic 10 find the problem. Again, all diagnostic procedures must begin with the DIAGNOSTIC CIR- CUIT CHECK. “C" SECTION AND “C-_” CHARTS (Component ‘Sysiems). This par contains general remove and replace information about the individual components in the engine conurol system, It also contain service informa- tion about those components. This is where you would look to find information on: the ignition system; intake ttanifold electric heater system; the fuel injector, the eir ‘conditioning electricat control system: and so on. VAR SERVICE MANUAL THROTTLE BODY INJECTION MIVA,