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3/7/2017

QUIZZES
CHE 303 W17

QAQQCG

QUIZ #1 OAK

• Find the pressure of a mixture of


• CH4 (0.25 kmol) + n-C4H10 (0.25 kmol)
• at T=250°C and V= 0.241 m3.
• Use the van der Waals EOS.
• (R=0.08314 Bar.m3/kmol.K)

CH4 nC4H10

Answer: a 2.293 13.86


78.547 bar b 0.0428 0.1162

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QUIZ #2 OAK

• Find the pressure of a mixture of


• CH4 (0.18 kmol) + n-C4H10 (0.274 kmol)
• at T=238°C and V= 0.241 m3.
• Use the Redlich-Kwong EOS.
• (R=0.08314 Bar.m3/kmol.K)

Answer: CH4 nC4H10


68.257
a 32.11 289.5513
bar
b 0.02965 0.0806

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Quiz 3: H-x: Water+H2SO4 Mx


• Find the partial molar enthalpy!
• H water and Hacid at mass frac. wacid=0.60.

• Also find HTotal at wAcid=0.60 from the relation


between PMH and total HT.

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Quiz 3: Answer

QUIZ 4: Chemical potential of steam QAR

• Calculate the chemical potential of steam at


P=60 bar, and T= 500o C using the steam
tables.

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Q4 ANSWER
303W17f/p= 60.44295
QAW MW 18
T 773.15
H 3422.2
S 6.8803
H* 3488.1
S* 8.8342
H-H* -65.9
S-S* -1.9539 μ=G/n=h-Ts -1897.304
RTln(f/P*) 1444.758
R 8.314
RT 6427.969
* ln(f/P*) 4.045701
f/P* 57.15123
P*=1 bar
f= 57.15123 bar

QUIZ 5: Fugacity of steam PAM

• Calculate the fugacity of steam at P=60 bar,


and T= 500o C using the steam tables.
h s

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Quiz 5: Answer

Quiz 6: Use the vdW EOS for Mx fi


• A tank of mixture of (mole%)
• 75% argon (1) and 25% ethylene (2) is
• at T= 298.15 K and P= 91.2 bar.
• Find the fugacities of 1 & 2 (use vdW), also their
activity coefficients.

• (Use R = 0.08314 bar.m3/[K.kmol] ).


• For the vdw parameters:
• a1= 1.3681, b1 = 0.032289;
• a2 = 4.56149, b2 = 0.057443.
• [Units of a = bar(m3/kmol)^2, b = m3/kmol. ]
• Molar volume: v = 0.23187 m3/kmol
• Also find the activity coefficients γ1 and γ2
• (Note: f10= 75.75 bar, f20= 46.28 bar)

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QUIZ 6: ANSWER: Mx Fugacities (EOS): Argon(1)+Ethylene(2)-- Use vdw for mixtures


Ar (39.94) + C2H4 (28.05)
Find: Pur+Mx

DATA CALC.1 Molar volume (Mx)


T, K 298.15 Mixture v
P, bar 91.2 Use goalseek P=RT/(v-b)-a/v^2

m, lb 157 P= 91.3073
MW1 39.94 Mx v= 0.23187
MW2 28.05
y1 0.75
y2 0.25
MW, Avg 36.9675

nT, lbmol 4.246973693

R, gas con 0.08314 bar.L/(K.gmol)

a11=a1 1.3618
b1 0.032289
a22=a2 4.56149
b2 0.057443
a12= 2.492355729
bm 0.0385775
am 1.985739024
Tc,1 271.8 oR
Pc,1 47.976308 atm
Tc,2 509.4 oR
Pc,2 50.54294176 atm
f10,bar 75.75
f20,bar 46.28

): Argon(1)+Ethylene(2)-- Use vdw for mixtures

vdw-mx Find:

CALC.2 Fugacities in Mx
vdW Formula: ln(f1/y1P)= b1/(v-b)-2(x1*a11+x2*a12)/vRT-ln[P(v-b)/RT]
Fugacity, f1

b1/(v-b) 0.167047351

L/gmol 2(...)/vRT 0.57221383


ln[P(v-b)/RT] -0.34086317
ln(f1/y1P) sum= -0.06430331
f1/y1P 0.937720534
f1= 64.1401 bar, cf. 68.4 idgm

Fugacity, f2
b2/(v-b) 0.297181732
2(...)/vRT 1.047261284
ln[P(v-b)/RT] -0.34086317
sum= -0.40921639
f2/y1P 0.6641705

f2= 15.143 bar, cf. 22.8 idgm

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CALC.2 Activity coeff. .γ1, γ2


b1/(v-b)-2(x1*a11+x2*a12)/vRT-ln[P(v-b)/RT] Pure f0 eq: ln(f/P)=b/(v-b)-2a/(vRT)-ln[P(v-b)/RT]
Pure Ar Fugacity, f10
b/(v-b)
2a/(vRT)
ln([P(v-b)/RT]
sum
f10/P
f10 75.75 bar
a1=f1/f10 0.846733789 cf. 0.75
γ1= a1/y1 1.12898
Pure C2- Fugacity, f20
b/(v-b)
2a/((vRT)
ln[P(v-b)/(RT)]
sum
f20/P
f20 46.28
a2=f2/f20 0.327205864 cf.0.25
γ2= a2/y2 1.30882

Quiz 7: Use the RK for Mx fi


• A tank of mixture of (mole%)
• 75% argon (1) and 25% ethylene (2) is
• at T= 298.15 K and P= 91.2 bar.
• Find the fugacities of the components (by Redlich-Kwong EOS)
also the acitivity coefficients.

• (Use R = 0.08314 bar.m3/[K.kmol],


• v = 0.2389 m3/kmol).
• For the RK parameters:
• a1= 17.035, b1 = 0.02238;
• a2 = 77.756, b2 = 0.039815.
• [Units of a = bar(m3/kmol)2*K(1/2), b = m3/kmol. ]
• f10 = 75.75 bar, f20 = 46.28 bar.

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Read nomograph for Ki values

QUIZ 8:
OBFPBO

QUIZ
8:
Rachford-
Rice for
Flash

DATA CALC. Rach-Rice CALC. liquid xi

To,F 64.3 sum (Ki-1)zi/(1+psi(Ki-1)) x3 0.100171

Po,psi 200 ψ= 0.4051 x4 0.131529

K3 3.46 x5 0.465867

K4 2.285 fi x6 0.302424

K5 0.651 C3 0.246421 sum= 0.999991

K6 0.164 C4 0.169015

z3 0.2 C5 -0.16259

z4 0.2 C6 -0.25283

z5 0.4 sum Σfi=0 2.12E-05 By Goalseek

z6 0.2

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QUIZ 9:
OBFPBOQBJ

Also find xi at ψ =0.4

Ans. (Quiz OBFQBJ)

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QUIZ 10:
QBM

Not to
scale !

Quiz 10: For example, the final T-x-y should look like this !
QBM

409K

400K

390K

377K

Not to scale !

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QUIZ 11: Establish product distribution


• The ammonia synthesis reaction is
• N2 + 3 H2 2 NH3
• or A + 3 B 2 C
• If nA0= 100 kmol, nB0= 250 kmol, find the
expressions for yi (mole fractions) in terms of ε.
(Note nc0=0 kmol).
• If ε = 45% of nitrogen (or 45 kmol), what are the
values of yi ?
• (i = A, B, C)

Ans. Q11
yA = (100-ε)(350-2 ε) = 0.212

yB = (250-3ε)(350-2 ε) = 0.442

yC = 2ε/(350-2 ε) = 0.346

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QUIZ12 : Find ΔGrxn for NH3


• Use the standard Gibbs free energy table to
find the ΔGrxn for the ammonia systhesis
reaction at 25oC. Evaluate the equilibrium K
value!

• N2 + 3 H2 2 NH3

*2

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QUIZ 13: Ammonia Reaction PCBQBX

Find K,
Find yi !

Hints:
• N2 + 3H2 2 NH3

• t=0 (initial) ni0 : 1 3 0
• t’>0, extent -ɛ -3 ɛ 2ɛ
• of reaction
• t’>0, remaining 1- ɛ 3-3 ɛ 2ɛ
• moles nit
• Total moles nT at t’>0: nT = 1- ɛ + 3-3 ɛ+ 2 ɛ = 4 – 2 ɛ
• Mole frac:
• yi= (1- ɛ)/(4-2 ɛ), 3(1- ɛ)/(4-2 ɛ), 2 ɛ/(4-2 ɛ),
• Change in moles: Δv = 2-3-1 = -2

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1 *P-2

Excel:

p.525 Tsys, K 800


Psys, bar 200
GFERxn= 77324 J/mol

lnK=-DG/(RT)= -11.62557133 •∆v = 2-3-1 = -2


K= 8.93467E-06 yRatio= 0.357387
N2+3H2===2NH3 yRatio= K* P^-∆v= (8.93467E-6)*(200)^2

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x yRatio
By
Goalseek 0.249749 0.3574 4x^2(4-2x)^2//27/(1-x)^4

Constraint: Ka 0.35738728

yN2 (1-x)/(4-2x) 0.21432669 yi= (1- ɛ)/(4-2 ɛ),


yH2 3(1-x)/(4-2x) 0.642980069 3(1- ɛ)/(4-2 ɛ),
yAmmo 2x/(4-2x) 0.142693242 2 ɛ/(4-2 ɛ),
1

QUIZ 14: Find ε (extent) and yi (mole frac.) for the


reaction at 2500 K (P=10 atm).

Initial feed is: 10 kmols of CO and 9 kmols of O2


(coming from dry air) to the reactor.
In dry air, the nitrogen/oxygen ratio is 3.76.

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QUIZ 15: OCDQCC

• A closed vessel initially contains a gaseous mixture consisting


of 3 lbmol of CO2, 6 lbmol of CO, and 1 lbmol of H2. An
equilibrium mixture at 2600°C, 1 atm is formed containing
CO2, CO, H2O, H2, and O2. (1)Formulate the expressions for
the equilibrium constants KA and KB. (2) Make the 5-step
stoichiometric balances. (3) Express the mole fractions yi in
terms of the two extents of reaction, x and y. (No need to find
the values of x and y)

Simultaneous Reactions: n.g.jhw

(A)… CO2 + H2 CO + H2O


(B)… CO2 CO + (1/2) O2

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HINTS:
ANSWERSUsing Solver!!!
[DATA] [CALC.]
T= 2600K
P= 1 atm I. Mole balances
Rxn A: CO2+ H2 ? CO + +
H2 O
t=0 3 6
0
Rxn B: CO2 ? CO ½ O2
Feed: t=0 1 0
Extent A .-x .-x .+x
.+x
Extent B: .-y .+y .+0.5y

Remain: A&B 3-x-y 1-x 6+x+y 0.5y x

total nT nT = 10+0.5y

= 6.3387

= 6.3387
= 0.060395

= 0.060395
From Table A27 Thus Table Value Calc. Value

ANSWERSUsing Solver!!!
[DATA] [CALC.]
T= 2600K
P= 1 atm I. Mole balances
Rxn A: CO2+ H2 ? CO + + H2 O
t=0 3 6
Rxn B: CO2 ? CO ½ O2 0
Feed: t=0 1 0
Extent A .-x .-x .+x
Extent B: .-y .+y .+0.5y

Remain: A&B 3-x-y 1-x 6+x+y 0.5y

total nT nT = 10+0.5y

== 6.3387
6.3387

= 0.060395
= 0.060395
From Table A27 Thus Table Value Calc. Value

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From Table A27 Thus Table Value Calc. Value


log10 KA=0.802 0.802 KA= 6.338697113 6.213673887

log10 KB= -1.219 KB= 0.060394863 0.060414529

Use Solver:
x= 0.682
y= 0.0087
nT= 10.00435

Calc. mol.frac yCO2 0.2308


yH2 0.0318
yO2 0.0004
yH2O 0.0682
yCO 0.6688

sum 1

QUIZ 16: Use van der Waals Eq. for Mixture Eq. for
fugacities: Find the fugacity coefficient,φ3, for NH3.
T, K= 773.2 R= 0.08314
P, bar= 300

3 1 2

Mx molar volume, v = 0.2353 lit/mol

a12 0.584063
a13 2.412986
a23 1.028713

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Excel Calculations:

[Calc.1] Molar volume of mx Mx. Fugacities

ln(f1/y1P) 0.097235

Goal seek v,L/gmol P, bar ln(f2/y2P) 0.137307


ln(f3/y3P) -0.01476
0.2353 300
Φ1 1.102119
0.2353
Φ2 1.147181
Φ3 0.98535

am 0.810828
Φ-product Φ3^2/[Φ1*Φ2^3]
mx fugs ==> 0.583522
bm 0.030969
pur fugs ==> 0.48147

Compare with φ from pure vdW


φ3 φ1 φ2
Φo = 0.885 1.098 1.114

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