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STIFFENERS DESIGN Made By : E.E.M

Date : 2016

© 2006, 2007, 2008 T. Bartlett Quimby

Section 8.6.3

Last Revised: 06/16/2011

transverse stiffeners for Transverse Stiffeners for Shear

shear (i.e. web stiffeners)

are used to increase shear

capacity in a beam web.

This is accomplished by

providing out of plane

stiffness with transverse

web stiffeners. Figure

8.6.3.1 shows transverse

stiffeners (aka web

stiffeners) in a bridge

application.

SCM G2.1 is used to

compute the shear strength

of steel beam webs. The

equations for shear

capacity are, in part, a

function of kv which is a

factor that accounts for the presence of transverse stiffeners. Using the

criteria of this section, a designer selects the spacing, a, of the stiffeners to

develop the required shear strength in the beam. Note that close spacing

results in higher shear capacity for non-compact and slender webs.

SCM G2.2 describes the criteria for the design of the actual stiffeners. The

objective is to select the thickness, t, and width, b, of the stiffener plates.

Stiffener plates can be applied to either just one side of the web or both

sides. In either case the stiffeners must provide sufficient moment of

inertia to prevent out of plane buckling. Figures 8.6.3.2 and 8.6.3.3 show

the dimensions associated with each case.

Figure 8.6.3.2

Transverse Stiffeners on Both Sides

© STRUCTURAL NOTES

Job ref : NORPLAN

STIFFENERS DESIGN Made By : E.E.M

Date : 2016

Figure 8.6.3.3

Transverse Stiffener on One Side

The stiffeners are typically steel plates welded to the web as shown in the

figures. However, it is possible to bolt angles and other shapes to the web

to accomplish the same purpose. In these cases basic principles of statics

are used to compute the moments of inertia for the attached elements.

The goal is to provide more stiffener plate with a moment of inertia greater

than or equal to what is required. Mathematically the goal is expressed as:

Iplates > Ireq'd

The required moment of inertia to be provided by the transverse stiffener

plates is given in SCM G2.2 as:

© STRUCTURAL NOTES

Job ref : NORPLAN

STIFFENERS DESIGN Made By : E.E.M

Date : 2016

Ireq'd = a tw3 j

Where:

a is the spacing of the transverse stiffeners (see Figure 8.6.3.1)

tw is the thickness of the web being stiffened

j is a term whose value is determined using SCM equation G2-6.

This term can be written as:

j = max[ 0.5, 2.5 / (a/h)2 - 2]

SCM G2.2 states that the moment of inertias are computed about an axis at

the center of the web for double stiffeners or at the face of the web for

single stiffeners. This is done for plate stiffeners with the following

equations:

Double stiffeners (see Figure 8.6.3.2 for dimension definitions):

Iplates = t [ (2 b + tw)3 - tw3 ] / 12

Single stiffeners (see Figure 8.6.3.3 for dimension definitions):

Iplates = t b3 / 3

Note that for stiffeners of different geometry than shown above, you will

need to use basic principles of Statics to compute the moments of inertia

required by SCM G2.2.

As discussed above, the design objection is to pick stiffeners whose

moments of inertia meet the following criteria:

Iplates > a tw3 max[ 0.5, 2.5 / (a/h)2 - 2]

For plate stiffeners the search is for two variables, b and t. One easy

approach is to select the desired b and solve for a required t.

For double stiffeners this results in:

t > 12 a tw3 max[ 0.5, 2.5 / (a/h)2 - 2] / [ (2 b + tw)3 - tw3 ]

For single stiffeners this results in:

t > 3 a tw3 max[ 0.5, 2.5 / (a/h)2 - 2] / b3

Using these equations, different values of plate width, b, can be chosen

used to solve for the associated values for plate thickness, t. The designer

then picks the combination that best meets the demands of the project.

© STRUCTURAL NOTES

Job ref : NORPLAN

STIFFENERS DESIGN Made By : E.E.M

Date : 2016

The SCM does not give any other guidance on the selection of b or t.

There is no other requirement for minimum area or for slenderness. It does

seem, however, that there should be some limit on slenderness to prevent

any possible buckling due to out of plane buckling.

You should take the time to read the paragraph in SCM G2.2 that deals

with the details associated with stiffener design. Note that it is common to

stop the stiffeners short of the tension flange.

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