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False Friends List

O que as pessoas acham que


Palavra REAL SIGNIFICADO
significa
Actually Atualmente Na verdade
Apology Apologia elogio, enaltecimento pedido de desculpas
Application Aplicação Inscrição
Appointment Apontamento hora marcada, compromisso
Appreciate Apreciar Reconhecer, agradecer
Argument Argumento, ponto de vista discussão, bate-boca
Assist Assistir ajudar, dar suporte
Attend Atender Assistir, participar
Cafeteria Cafeteria, lugar que serve café refeitório tipo universitário
Confident Confidente Confiante
College Colégio (2º grau) faculdade, ensino superior
Comprehensive Compreensivo abrangente, amplo, extenso
Costume Costume, hábito Fantasia
College Colégio Faculdade
Data Data Dados, informação
Enroll Enrolar Inscrever-se
Exit Hesitar Sair, Saída
Expert Esperto Especialista
Idiom Idioma Expressão idiomática
Intend Entender Pretender
Journal Jornal Periódico; revista especializada
Large Largo Grande
Lecture Leitura Palestra
Library Livraria Biblioteca
Lunch Lanche Almoço
Mayor Maior Prefeito
Notice Notícia Notar, perceber
Parents Parentes Pais
Position Posição Cargo
Prejudice Prejuízo Preconceito
Pretend Pretender Fingir
Pull Pular Puxar
Push Puxar Empurrar
Realize Realizar Imaginar, perceber
Reclaim Reclamar Reaver, recuperar
Record Recordar Gravar, registrar
Senior Senhor Idoso
Sensible Sensível Sensato
Shoot Chutar Atirar, fotografar
Support Suportar Apoiar, torcer
Tax Táxi Imposto
Time Time Tempo
Introduction Letter

Hi, my name is Camila and I’m your English teacher. Actually, I’m also
a student, just like you. I study music and literature at UFRJ, and I
aspire to be an expert in my area and then I expect to lecture at
universities in the future. I was born in Salvador, and my family still lives
there, including my parents. I moved to São Paulo on my own when I was
18. I used to work at USP Genetics Department’s office, but I realized I
did not want to stay in a solitary room with a computer. Recently I was
selected for a temporary position at CEFET-RJ and at the moment I’m
teaching English classes and producing my PhD thesis. It is my first day
at this campus, so I won’t pretend I’m familiar with everything. I want
you to guide me in a brief tour to visit the installations. I simply adore
books and love libraries, but I haven’t had the opportunity of visiting this
college’s library yet. I’ve just had my lunch at CEFET’s cafeteria and it
was delicious. Hope you can show me more in the following days. I’m
really excited to be here and I’m certain that we will learn many things
together.

Cheers,

Camila
WHEN DID THE TERM ‘COMPUTER VIRUS’ ARISE?
Fonte: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/when-did-theterm-compute/
Steven White, manager of IBM Research's Massively Distributed System Group,
offers some complementary information:

The term "computer virus" was coined in the 1980s. Fred Cohen, then a Ph.D. student at
the University of Southern California, suggested the idea of using self-replicating
software, which expands by connecting itself to existing programs as a form of attacking
the security of multi-user computing systems. He showed this idea to Len Adleman, his
thesis advisor. Adleman identified the similarity to a biological virus, which uses the
resources of the cell it attacks to reproduce itself, and the term "computer virus" began its
journey into common English.

Since then, computer viruses have mimicked their biological namesakes, proliferating
digital disease around the world. And here at IBM Research, we are taking inspiration
from biological defenses to viruses and creating a type of immune system for cyberspace,
which will be able to find, analyze and eliminate new computer viruses from the world's
computers rapidly and automatically.

Alex Haddox is product manager of the Symantec AntiVirus Research Center, which
manufactures Norton AntiVirus products. He adds:
The history of the computer virus initiated in the 1940s when John von Neumann
published a paper called "Theory and Organization of Complicated Automata," which
documented the possibility of replicating computer programs. John Conway is credited
with creating the first "virus" in the form of a life emulating program called the "Game
of Life" in the 1960s. In the 1970s the first self-replicating programs, referred to as
"organisms," were written as experiments in artificial intelligence on UNIX systems and
used in small, isolated network type games by large research companies. In 1983 the term
"virus" was first coined to describe self-replicating programs by Frederick Cohen and his
colleague, Len Adleman. The first reports of serious destruction from a PC virus occurred
in 1986; the infection was caused by the "Pakistani Brain" virus, which was written by
two brothers, Basit and Amjad Farooq Alvi, of Lahore, Pakistan.
2. Pick up from the text 10 cognate words.
3. Pick up 5 words that you previously knew
4. Give at least 2 examples of words which meaning you found out as you read the text
5. Explain in one paragraph what the text is about
6. Compreensão das ideias principais. Complete o quadro abaixo com informações
retiradas do texto.