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x]g{ ge'Ng'xf]nf .

jif{ !@, c+s @@, @)&% ;fn r}t !& ut] cfOtaf/ (March 31, 2019) d"No ?= !).–
;'Gg ge'Ng'xf]nf .
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g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ cfqmf]lzt sf7df8f}F . g]skf -qmflGtsf/L
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tYoxLg ;dfrf/ gn]Vg r]tfjgL


sf7df8f}F . g]kfn sDo'lg:6
kf6L{sf dxf;lrj laKnjn] tYolxg
lj1KtLdf cuf8L elgPsf] 5
…g]kfn ePsf ;a} kl/jt{gsfdL
cfGbf]ngx?sf] a}7fg unt tl/sfn]
x'g uO{ b]z / hgtfn] clxn];Dd
wf]sf kfO/x]sf] kl/k|I] odf xfd|f] kf6L{n]
oL ;a}vfn] wf]sfw8L, if8oGqx?nfO{{
…ls/0fÚn] ;/sf/ b'O{ ltxfO{sf] bDe
af] s ] / tfgfzfxL af6f] d f cl3
al9/x]sf] 7f]s'jf u/]sf 5g\ . pgn]
l;s] /fpt;Fu crfgs ;xdlt ug{,'
/]zd rf}w/LnfO{ cfhLjg h]n xfNg'
clg ljKnj g]t[Tjsf] g]skfnfO{
k|ltaGw nufP/ ;/sf/ tfgfzfxL
;dfrf/x? n]v]/ hgtfnfO{{ e|ldt lrb}{ hgtfdf emfFluPsf] cljZjf;nfO{{ af6f]df lxF8]sf] k'l:6 ePsf] atfPsf
gkfg{ r]tfjgL lbPsf 5g\\ . dxf;lrj ljZjf;df, lg/fzfnfO{{ cfzfdf abNb} 5g\ . la|l6z uf]vf{ e"tk"j{ ;}lgs
laKnjn] skf] { / ] 6 xfp;x?åf/f qmflGtsf/L sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngnfO{{ g} ;+u7g -lau];f]_ sf] cfof]hgfdf
;~rflnt ;~rf/ ldl8ofx?af6 k'g{ul7t ub}{ cl3 al9/x]sf] kf6L{ a'6jndf cfof]lht Ps j}rfl/s ls/0fn] ;Qfl;g bnx?n] cfˆgf]
kf6L{ , qmflGtsf/L cfGbf] n g / h;n] /fli6« o tf, hgtGq / ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ Oltxf; e'ns ] f] eGb} eg]– …@)@* df
pgn] o:tf] atfPsf x'g\ . dxf;lrj -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
g]tfx?sf af/]df c;To, c:jefljs hghLjLsfsf ;jfnx?nfO{{ ;zQm
/ e| f ds ;dfrf/x? of] h gfa4
tl/sfn] ;Dk| ] l zt e} / fv] s fk| l t
?kdf p7fO/x]sf] 5, pQm kf6L{sf
lj?4 x'Fb} gePsf skf]nslNkt
‘g]kfndf klg b'Or{ f/hgf gfy'/fd hlGdg'k5{’
sf7df8f}F . ;Qf¿9 bn g]skfsf led /fjn kl5Nnf] ;do b]z /
cfklQ hgfpb} o:tf >[ ª vnf ;dfrf/ ;Dk|]z0f ug{' jf:tjdf k|efjzfnL g]tf tyf k'j{ u[xdGqL hgtfsf] kIfdf :k:6 ?kdf plePsf
gbf]xf]¥ofpg r]tfjgL ;d]t lbPsf kqsf/Ltf x'Fb}g . Dofg'ˆofSrl/ª 5g\\ . ut kmfu'g @$ ut] cf]nL
5g\\ . dx;lrj ljKnjn] laxLaf/ sG;]G6sf] gLltsf cfwf/df nufgL g]t[Tjsf]] ;/sf/ / :jtGq dw];sf]
hf/L u/]sf] k|]; lj1lKt elgPsf] 5– / lj1fkg a9fpg s;}sf] lgb]z { g/ d'2f p7fo/ cfGbf]ng ul//x]sf 8f=
…s]xL lbg cl3b]lv g]kfnsf skf]{/]6 bjfjdf o:tf ;dfrf/ pTkfbg ug{' l;s] /fpt lar ePsf] ;xdltk|lt
xfp;x?åf/f ;~rflnt ;~rf/ 7Ls xf]OgÚ . rsf{] c;xdtL hgfpb} klxnf] k6s
ldl8ofx?af6 xfd|f] kf6L{, qmflGtsf/L ljutdf hgtfåf/f ;~rflnt pgn] tTsfn}} of] ;Demf}tf d'n'ssf]
cfGbf]ng / g]tfx?sf af/]df c;To, kl/jt{gsfdL cfGbf]ngx?df ;~rf/ d[To' kq egL l6Kk0fL u/] . ;fy} pgn]
c:jefljs / e|fds ;dfrf/x? of]hgfa4 dfWodx?sf] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf /x]sf] /fi6« j fbL b] z eQm ;a} n fO{ { of]
tl/sfn] ;Dk|l] zt e}/fv]sf 5g\\ . z[v
+ nfa4 5 . ca klg xfdL ;~rf/dfWodx?sf] /fli6«otf la/f]wL /fi6«3flt ;Demf}tf
/ of]hgfa4?kdf ;Dk|l] zt o:tf e|fds ljutsf] h:t} e"ldsfsf] ck]Iff vf/]hsf nflu af]Ng clkn u/]sf
;dfrf/x?k|lt xfd|f] kf6L{sf] uDeL/ /fVb5f} + . t/ e| f ds / c;To lyP . pgn] of] ;Demf}tfdf x:tfIf/
Wofgfsif{0f ePsf] 5Ú . ;dfrf/x? hgtf / /fi6«sfnflu u/]/ u[xdGqL /fdaxfb'/ yfkf jfbnn]

k|wfgdGqL cf]nLsf] /fhLgfdf dfu g]skfåf/f ;/sf/sf sfo{qmddfly k|ltaGw nufpg] r]tfjgL
-af“ s L clGtd k] h df_ -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_

sf7df8f}F . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ /fhLgfdf u/L ljKnj g]skf;Fu jftf{ a'waf/ Ps lj1flKt hf/L ub}{ ;f] ug{ glbP ;/sf/sf ;a}
-dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|_ n] k|wfgdGqL s]kL / /fli6«o Pj+ hglxtsf] dfu{ k|z:t sf7df8f}F . g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] ljKnjn] lj1lKt hf/L ub}{ r}t
dfu u/]sf x'g\ . ls/ftL åf/f hf/L ;/sf/n] nufPsf] k|ltaGw r}qleq d;fGtleq kf6L{ d fly nufOPsf] sfo{ q mdlj?4 k| l taGw nufpg]
cf]nLsf] /fhLgfdf dfu u/]sf] 5 . ug{ ljz]if cfu|x ;d]t u/]sf] 5 . ul/Psf] la1flKtdf elgPsf] 5– r]tfjgL lbPsf 5g\\ . ;/sf/n] ut
p;n] …cf] n L ;/sf/n] t' ? Gt ;f] kf6L{sf cWoIf uf]kfn ls/ftLn] x6fpg dfu u/]sf] 5 . dxf;lrj k|ltaGw x6fP/ zflGtk"0f{ sfo{qmd
…lgjf{rgdf ;dfhjfbsf] gf/f lbPsf] @* kmfu'gdf ljKnj g]skf dfly
;+;bjfbL g]skf ;/sf/df k'u]kl5 k|ltaGw nufPsf] lyof] . ;/sf/n]
To;n] bnfn tyf gf]s/zfxL k'h F Ljfb cfˆgf] c;kmntf, abgfdL /
dfq cEof; u/]sf], ;+ljwfgsf] wHhL ;+s6njfO{ 5f]Kg slyt czflGt
p8fpb} O08f] Kofl;lkms sdf08df dRrfPsf] / rGbf p7fPsf] xjfnf
;+ n Ugtfn] g] k fnnfO{ { o' 4 u| : t lbFb} kf6L{dfly k|ltaGw 3f]if0ff ub}{
ckmuflg:tfg agfpg] xs{t u/]sf], r/d kmfl;jfb nfb\g k'us ] f] cf/f]k
l;s] /fpt ;xdltdf dw] z nufpb} g]skfn] pQm k|ltaGw gx6fP
lav08gnfO{{ a}wflgstf lbPsf], ;/sf/sf sfo{qmddfly k|ltaGw
;' l awf nDk6 rl/q k| b z{ g ;+ u } nufpg] r]tfjgL lbPsf] xf] . cf]nL
e| i 6frf/ tyf a] l ylt a9fP/ g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/ lbgk|ltlbg g]kfnL
k|ltlqmofjfbL /fhtGq kmsf{pg] pBf]u >lds hgtfdfem cnf]slk|o, c;kmn
ul//x] s f] Pj+ ljKnj g] s kfnfO{ { / ;+s6u|:t aGb} uPsf] ljKnjn]
c;+jw} flgs k|ltaGw nufP/ b]znfO{{ bfaL ;d]t u/]sf 5g\\ .
lx+;fTds o'4df ws]n]sf] 5 . ctM -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
-af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
c?sf] lvl;6\o'/L ubf{ cfk\mgf] cg'xf/ x]g{' kb}{g <
kmf;Ljfblj?4 ;+oldt hgk|lt/f]w
;Qfsf] pGdfbdf ;fdflhs / w/ks8nfO{ a9fjf lbO/x]sf] 5 . k|xf/ u/]/ bf]xf]/f] kmfol/Ë eGb} k|rf/ zlQm;Fu jftf{åf/f ;dfwfg ug]{ ;'emfj
cf}sft ljgfsfx?sf] k/rlqm
k|l] /t lrRofx6
c?sf] lvl;6\o'/L ubf{ cfˆgf]
…ljKnjsf] xltof/ vf]:g /fHo cl3
a9\of], ca Aofs luo/ nfUb}gÚ .
ljKnj g]tT[ jsf] g]skfsf gfddf
kmf;LjfbL bdg slt;Dd lug{ ;Sbf] ;/sf/ cfqmfds ul//x]sf] 5 . sfe|d] f bf]xf]/f] d'7e]8sf] lbPsf] ;dfrf/ klg aflx/ cfPs} 5g\ . cg'xf/ x]g'{ kb}g{ < olb s'g} lx+;fTds 36gfx? ;'? eP
/x]5 eg]/ hgtfnfO{ k|ToIf cg'el" t ;/sf/n] g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf xNnf ul/of] t/ To;sf] ;'bz{gaf6} Tolt dfq xf]Og, ;/sf/n] xltof/ …xltof/ af]s/] n'?n'? cfP x'G5Ú, eg] To:tf 36gfx? lgoGq0f ug]{
u/fpg] sfd cf]nL–afbnsf] ;/sf/n] :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o tyf dWosdf08sf v08g ePsf] lyof] . ljleGg lhNnfdf a'emfpg] Dofb klg klxn] g} hf/L …;DemfpFbf s]xL gnfUg] ePsfn] s[i0fn] cf}sft cf]nL ;/sf/sf] a'tf eGbf
u¥of] . ;Qf pGdfbn] ;fdflhs OGrfh{ ;'bz{g;lxt kf]ln6Ao"/f] ;b:o bf]xf]/f] uf]nL xfgfxfg jf bf]xf]/f] kmfol/Ë ul/;s]sf] 5 . rqm af]s]Ú, …ljKnjnfO{{ h]ndf xfn]/ w]/} aflx/sf] s'/f xf] . lsgeg] ljKnj
kmf;LjfbLx?nfO{ kfun h:t} agfPsf] hLjGt, s] l Gb| o ;b:o k| H jng, ePsf] eGb} ;/sf/n] o'4 e8\sfpg] dgf]j}1flgs o'4 cft+s eP klg d'nwf/df NofpF5f}Ú+ , …rGbf ;d"x lgldQ sf/0f dfq x'g] xf],
5 . xb x'G5 lg dGqLx?sf] kbLo aGw'nufot bh{gf}+ g]tf, sfo{stf{ / lgof]lht k|rf/ ub}{ 5 . ;/sf/n] ;/sf/ cfkm}n F ] ;'/Iff lgsfodf dfUg], dfG5] dfg]{ clg em08fdf xFl;of o;kl5 o;sf] ;] / f] k m] / f] s f]
dof{bfsf] klg Û t/ oxfF pgLx? eGb} sltko ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ ;d]t lu/km\tf/ b]zJofkL lu/km\tf/ / w/ks8nfO{ ljKnj cft+ssf] l;h{gf u/]sf] 5 . xyf}8f k|of]u ug]{ ljKnj ;d"xnfO{{ jftfj/0f;+u hf]l8P/ k|ltsf/ ug]{
5g\–æljKnjnfO{ l;WofpF5,' ljKnjsf u/]sf] 5 . sltko 7fpFdf k|x/Ln] uf]nL a9fPsf] 5 . o:tf] nfU5–ljKnjsf g]tf cf]nL–afbn k|r08n] rfxFbd} f g]kfn k|x/L ;/sf/n] lrGb}gÚ, …ljKnjsf] ultljlw ;+Vof xhf/f}+sf] k'Ug]5 . #) xhf/sf]
g]tf tyf sfo{sx?nfO{ l;WofpF5,' sfo{stf{ ;dfpg'nfO{ g} ;/sf/n] hLt hgkb jf ;z:q u[xo'4df xf]ldg] /fhgLlts xf]OgÚ, …r}tleq} ljKnjsf ;+Vofdf t cof]Uo eg]/ lzlj/af6
ljKnjsf ;xof]uL, ;dy{sx? ;a}nfO{ 7fgL /x]sf] 5 . ?kGb]xLdf t ljKnj dgl:yltdf 5}gg\ . pgLx? eGb} 5g\– ultljlw lgoGq0fdf lnOG5Ú, lgsflnPsf n8fs'x? dfq 5g\\ . oL
l;WofpF5' .Æ t/ cfh ljKnjnfO{ ;dy{g ;dy{s eGb} lzIfs /fdhL cfrfo{nfO{ ækm]l/ klg b]zn] u[xo'4nfO{ y]Ug ;Sb}g . dWo] % xhf/ k'iksdnsf] kIfdf /x]sf]
ug]{ / ;/sf/L bdgnfO{ lj/f]w ug]{ ;d]t lu/km\tf/ u/]sf] 5 . o;af6 k|i6 s'g} g]tfsf] ;gs / nx8df km]l/ klg cg'dfg ubf{ klg @% xhf/ pgsf]
hg;d'bfosf] cfFwL cfpg] l:ylt aGof] . x'G5, s] ;/sf/n] ljKnj ;dy{s xfdL g} o'4sf] e'u+ f| d] f kg'{ x'bF g} . k|x/LnfO{ lj?4df 5g\\ .
;/sf/ kmfF;Ljfb nfb\g rfxG5 . sd{rf/L, ;]gf / k|x/LnfO{ klg lu/km\tf/ rf}sLdf a:bf klg qf; pTkGg ePsf] dfcf] j fbL lsQfnfO{ { 5f] 8 ] /
lg/+sz
' tf / clwgfosjfb nfb\g rfxG5 ub}{ hfg] xf] < cfh k|wfgdGqL / 5 . sxLF rf}sL cfqmd0f jf sAhfsf] ;/sf/sf lj?4df v8f x'g ;Sg] c?
clg bdg / xTofsf] ;xf/f lng vf]Hb} ;+rf/dGqL lgs} ldl8ofafhL ul//x]sf gLlt cfpg] xf]Og Û s] of] qf; ljKnj bh{gf}+ ;d"xx? klg 5g\\ . oL ;a}
5 . dGqLx?, k|wfgdGqLx? cfk"m 5g\ . /ut lko/ dft]sf] af3 h:t} g]tT[ jsf] kf6L{n] ubf{ pTkGg ePsf] xf] tYox?nfO{{ b]v/] klg ljKnj g]tT[ jsf]
le=cfO{=lk= ;'/Iff 3]/fleq a;]/ o'4 / s'ln{O/x]sf 5g\ . k|wfgdGqL cf]nL t < of] qf;, eo / cft+s dRrfpg] g]skfsf lj?4df cf]nL / pgsf]
cfqmd0fsf] 3f]if0ff ub}5
{ g\ . pgLx? r}q cfkm}Fn] r}qleq ljKnj ;d"xnfO{ sfd :j+o k|wfgdGqL cf]nL / ;/sf/sf cf;kf;sf ;8s5fk ;Nnfxsf/ /
d;fGtleq ljKnjnufot ;a} g]tf lgoGq0fdf lnO;Sg] pb\3f]if ul//x]sf k|jQfn] u/]sf x'g\ . :jod\ u[xdGqLsf dlGqx?n] tNnf] bhf{sf 6'Ssfx?
sfo{stf{x?nfO{ lu/km\tf/ ug]{ x's F f/ 5g\ . ;/sf/n] ;]gf kl/rfngsf] lg0f{o ;s'n { /x?n] u/]sf 5g\ . ca klg ;gfP/ cfTd/lt ul//x]sf] b]Vbf
ub}5
{ g\ . ;/sf/n] b]zJofkL lu/km\tf/L lji0f' kGt ul/;s]sf] 5 . ;]gfn] /fhgLlts -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_ e/t bfxfn -af“ s L clGtd k] h df_
2 @)&% ;fn r}t !& ut] cfOtaf/

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– s= dfcf]T;] t'ª
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;/sf/ ;+oldt aGg}k5{ k|ltkflbt sDo'lg:6 3f];0ff kq hf/L
ePkl5 cflbd ;fDojfb b]lv otf
kmf]l6{lkms];g tf]8g\ ;Dej 5 cyf{t
lhTg ;Dej 5 . t/ b'ef{Uo tTsflng
sfo{lbzfsf] ljifodf cfnf]rgf /
;dy{g;lxt k|z:t} ax; ;+rfng
;fd| f Hojfbsf plNnlvt gofF
ljz]iftfx¿n] ubf{ b]zx¿sf] rl/q
;/sf/sf] kl5Nnf] ;dosf] sfo{z}nL / cleJolQm x]bf{ ljZj e/df :yflkt ;Qfsf] rl/q / g]t[Tj k|r08x?df b]vf k/]sf] cfTdf eP . lasl;t /fhgLlts :jtGq b] z df x' g ] v fnsf] geO{
ToxfF leqsf ju{ ;+3if{x? ;"qa4 eP . ;' / Iffjfb, cfTdf ;dk{ 0 fjfb / 36gfqmd;Fu} ;Qf ;+s6sf] lasNk ;fd|fHojfb;Fu u'h'lN6P/ /x]sf]
;/sf/s} sf/0f b]z åGådf km:g;Sg] b]lvPsf] 5 . ;/sf/n] ljZjdf lg/Gt/ x'Fb} cfPsf ;+3if{x? kl/l:ylt cg'sn' sfo{lbzf lgdf{0fsf] a}1flgs ;dfhjfb cfjZos 5 eGg] cj:yfdf 5 . of] lxhf]sf] h:tf] l;wf
ut kmfu'g @* ut] ljKnj g]t[Tjsf] g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{dfly ;Qfsf] bdgfTds /a}of / ;f]z0fx? cefjdf k|fKt pknlAw ltg} If'Aw, lgs[:6, ljifo cfhsf] g] k fnL ;dfhdf pklgj]z klg 5}g . :jtGq / :jfwLg
la?4 s]lGb|t 5g\ . ;fdGtjfb, ;+;bjfbL s's/' x?nfO{ ;'Dkg k'u] . hah{:t :yflkt x'g k'u]sf] 5 . klg 5} g . o;n] b] z x¿nfO{ {
k|ltaGw nufP/ o:tf] sfo{sf] ;'?jft u/]sf] cfd;r]t k'FhLjfb x'Fb} bnfn lgud k'FhLjfbsf] oxfF ; Dd cfOk' u ] s f] g] k fnL g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] cufl8sf] k/Dk/fut ;fdGtjfbdf klg /xg
gful/ssf] wf/0ff /x]sf] 5 . jxfnjfnf / k"j{;]gf, sd{rf/L, g] t [ T j ;fd| f Hojfb / pQ/ sDo' l g:6 cfGbf] n g / g] k fnL ;f/]sf] a}1flgs ;dfhjfbL–;fDojfbL lbPsf] 5} g , :jtGq k| u ltzLn
;fd| f Hojfbn] ul//xF b f ljZjdf hgtfx?sf] aLrdf cem pu| ?kdf ;Qf :yfkgfsf] kxn ;'? eO;s]sf] k'h
F Ljfbdf klg ljsf; x'g lbPsf]
k|fWofksnufot cfda'l4hLlj, dfgjclwsf/sdL{, pBf]uL, b]vfk/]sf ljleGg k|s[ltsf ;+s6sf]
Jofkf/Lx?n] ;/sf/n] g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{dfly k|ltaGw nufP/ ;dfwfgsf] ljifodf uDeL/ ax;x? ;'dgl;+x kf}8]n
åGåsf] lahf/f]k0f ul//x]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . pgLx? ;a}sf] ;'emfj p7]sf 5g\ . / tL ;a} ax;x?
dfS;{ j fbåf/f ;dfh lj1fgdf PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf]
g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{dfly /fhgLlts Jojxf/ u/L /fhgLlts pb\3fl6t tYo / dd{xsf jl/kl/ cWo] t f dxf;lrj
;d:ofsf] xn /fhgLlts 9Ën] ug'k{ g]{ /x]sf] 5 . t/, ;/sf/n] 5g\ . dfS;{n] Pltxfl;s åGåfTds
ef} l tsjfbdf phfu/ u/] s f] laKna n]Vg' x'G5
oL ;a}sf] cfjfh gh/cGbfh u/]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqLnufot tYocg';f/ lg/Gt/ gofFn] k'/fgf]nfO{ ’;fd|fHojfbn] oflGqs
;Qf;Lg bnsf g]tfx? ;+oldt x'gs ' f] ;§f emg\emg\ cfqmfds lgif]w ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 h; cg';f/
cleJolQmx? ;fj{hlgs ul//x]sf 5g\ . h;sf sf/0f ;fdGtjfbnfO{{ k'h F Ljfbn] lg;]w u¥of] k|ljlw / ;"rgf
/ k'FhLjfbsf] r/d ;+s6 cfhsf] k|ljlwsf] ljsf;nfO{ {
cfdhgtfdfem ;/sf/sf] 5lj w'ldn x'Fb} uPsf] 5 eg] g]kfn laZjdf :k:6 ?kdf k' F h Lsf]
sDo'lg:6 kf6L{dfly cfdhgtfsf] ;xfg'e"lt a9\b} uPsf] 5 . clts]Gb|Ls/0f x'+b} lgud k'FhLjfbdf o'4 k|ljlwdf abNb}
cfOk'u]sf] 5 . h;sf/0f cfhsf] ;a}df Psflwsf/ sfod
b]zdf lbgk|ltlbg e|i6frf/, dxFuL, sfnf]ahf/, xTof, lx+;f laZj;+s6sf] ;dfwfg ca ;dfhjfb
a9\b} uPsf] 5 . ;/sf/ oL s'/fdf lgoGq0f ug'{eGbf ;Qfsf] x'Fb} ;fDojfb x'g] s'/fdf ca s'g} ul//x]sf] 5 . e"–pku|x,
andf hgtfsf] Ph]08f p7fpFb} cfGbf]ngdf plqPsf] /fhgLlts ljjfb 5}g . sDKo'6/, 6]lnlehg,
;Qfsf] cg]sf}+ k|tf8gf Aoxf]b}{
bndfly k|ltaGw nufP/ bdgdf plqPsf] 5, of] s'/f s'g} klg oxfF;Dd cfOk'u]sf] g]kfnL ;dfhn] df]afOn ;]nf]kmf]g
;r]t gful/snfO{ lrQ a'em]sf] 5}g . t;y{, ;/sf/n] cfˆgf b'Mvx?af6 d'lQm kfpgsf] ;a}nfO{{ Psnf}6L
lglDt ;dfhjfb ;fDojfbn] k|bfg
cfda'l4hLlj, dfgjclwsf/sdL{ / ;r]t gful/ssf] ;Nnfx ug]{ pGd'Qm ;Eotf / ;dfh lgdf{0fsf] lgoGq0f ul//x]sf] 5 . ;fd|fHojfbsf plNnlvt gofF ljz]iftfx¿n] ubf{
/ ;'emfj dfGb} g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{dfly nufPsf] k|ltaGw lglDt ;+3if{ ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . /, b]zx¿sf] rl/q :jtGq b]zdf x'g]vfnsf] geO{ ;fd|fHojfb;Fu u'h'lN6P/
Tof] ;+3if{ g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ;kgf;Fu
tTsfn x6fpg' a'l4dfgL x'G5 . ;/sf/ ;+oldt 9Ën] cufl8 hLjGt hf] l 8Psf] 5 . @) cf} + /x]sf] cj:yfdf 5 . of] lxhf]sf] h:tf] l;wf pklgj]z klg 5}g . :jtGq /
a9] jt{dfg ;+s6sf] ;dfwfg x'g] lglZrt 5 . cGoyf b]z k'gM ztfAbLsf] jl/k/L ljZjel/ :jfwLg klg 5}g . o;n] b]zx¿nfO{{ k/Dk/fut ;fdGtjfbdf klg /xg
åGådf km:g] lglZrt 5, r]tgf eof . Hjfnfd'vL eP/ pbfPsf] ;dfhjfbL
hfu/0f / ;fDojfbsf] pTs6 lbPsf] 5}g, :jtGq k|ultzLn k'FhLjfbdf klg ljsf; x'g lbPsf] 5}g .
;kgfx?nfO{{ kR5\ofpg] qmddf @))^ o;sf] rl/q gofF 5 h;nfO{{ xfdLn] bnfn k'FhLjfbL /fHo Joj:yf eg]/
/ftL ;dodf g} lgbfpg] eP
sf7df8f}F . hf] ;dod} lgbfpg ^= cf] 5 \ o fgdf hfg' c l3 o;f]
;fndf k'iknfn >]i7nufotsf] g]kfnL
o'jfx?sf] ;d"xn] g]kfn sDo'lg:6
;+Zn]if0f u/]sf 5f}F .Ú
;S5g\ \ , pgLx¿sf] dfgl;s / ug{ ' x f] ; \ kf6L{sf] :yfkgf u/] . s] g]kfn h:tf] )))
cw{pklgj]lzs / /f0ff zfxLx?sf]
zf/Ll/s b' j } :jf:Yo /fd| f ] x' g ] g'xfpg'xf];\, bfFt df‰g'xf];\ /
huhuLdf sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ lgdf{0f ug{
dxf;lrj s= laKnjsf kl5Nnf s[ltx? a}1flgs ;dfhjfb, dxfktg,
lrlsT;sx¿ atfpF5g\ . a]nd} f d:t pkof]uL k':tssf s]xL k[i7 k9\gx' f];\ .
lgbfpg ;Sg] JolQmsf] cg'xf/ klg x/]s ;fFem o;f] ug{e ' of] eg] tkfO{s
+ f] ;Dej 5 < eGg] k|Zgsf] Aojxfl/s b:tfj]hx? / ljleGg ;dodf n]lvPsf /rgfx?nfO{ ulx/f] u/L cg'el" t ubf{
;'Gb/ b]lvG5 . t/ rfxFbf rfxFb} klg z/L/nfO{{ tflnsfdf rNg] cEof; hjfkm kf6L{ :yfkgfsf] kxnn] lbPsf] nfU5 ljZj sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngsf] laho / k/fhox? / ;dfhjfbL ;Qfx?sf]
sltko cj:yfdf lgb| } kb} { g . x'G5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf z/L/ cfkm+}n] lyof] .
sltkonfO{{ t cf]5\ofgdf kN6]sf] ;'Tg] ;do ePsf] ;Gb]z lbg yfN5 . sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ :yfkgf ePkl5sf] la36gnfO{ cToGt} ;"Id 9Ën] vf]h, cg';Gwfg ul/Psf] 5 . /, ljZj sDo'lg:6
w]/a} /] eO;Sbf klg lgbfpg g;Sg] &= cf] 5 \ o fg cfgGbo' Q m csf]{ dxTjk"0f{ ;jfn lyof], s] g]kfn cfGbf]ng / g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngdf ePsf sdhf]/Lx? ca bf]xf]l/g] 5}gg\
;d:of g} x'G5 . olb o:tf] 5 eg] agfpg' x f] ; \ h:tf] ;fdGtjfb / pklgj]z ePsf]
oL !) pkfo ckgfpg';\ h;n] lgbfpg z/L/nfO{{ !^ b]lv !* d'n'sdf hgtfn] ;z:q o'4 ug{ dfq xf]Og kl/l:yltsf] 7f]; ljZn]if0f ub}{ sfo{lbzfnfO{{ yk prfOdf p7fpFb}
tkfO{+nfO{{ d:t;Fu lgbfpg d2t l8u| L ;] l N;o; tfkqmd plrt ;Dej 5 < eGg] k|Zgsf] hjfkm )@* g]kfnaf6 ;dfhjfbL ;Qfsf] em08f kmx/fP/ laZjnfO{ ;fDojfbdf k|az ] sf]
ug]5 { g\\ . dflgG5 . ha aflx/ a9L tfkqmd ;fnsf] emfkf sf08n] lbof] . v|:' rf]j
!= 3fdsf] tfk tfKg' x f] ; \ x'G5 ta leqsf] jftj/0f s]xL lr;f] / dfcf]T;]t'ªsf] nfOgdf laeflht cfXjfg ug]{ kl/l:ylt lgdf{0f x'g] 5 . To;sf/0f g]kfnL sDo'lg:6
crDd nfUg ;S5, dL7f] lgb|fsf agfpg'xf];\ . aflx/ hf8f] 5 eg] leq ljZj sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ng -dxf cfGbf]ng;Fu /x]sf tdfd ;jfn hjfkmsf] aLraf6 xfdL ;uf}/j eGg ;S5f}
nflu 3fd tfKg' cfjZos 5 . x/]s s]xL Gofgf] agfpg'xf];\ . lajfb_ sf] k|efjsf] aLraf6 gf}nf]
hgjfbL v]dfdf w|'jLs[t o'jfx?n] g]kfndf bnfn ;+;bLo /fHo ;QfnfO{ ldNsfpg] ljifo 7"nf] s'/f 5}g, of] ljifo
lbg ;"o{sf] k|sfzdf a:g] ug{'xf];\ . *= cf] 5 \ o fg lrl6Ss kfg{ ' x f] ; \
o;n] ;fFemdf ylst cg'ej u/fpF5 . ;s];Dd cfˆgf] ;'Tg] sf]7f, ;fdGtsf] ^ OGr lu/fp eg]/ 6fpsf] g]kfndf k|of]u eO;s]sf] 5 . /, ;Dej ;flat eO;s]sf] ljifo xf] . a?, ca
h;n] tkfO{+nfO{{ ;dod} lgb|f k5{ . cf]5\ofg ;kmf / lrl6Ss kfg{'xf];\ . sf6]sf lyP emfkfdf . xf] Aojfxfl/s
?kdf g]kfndf hgtfn] ;z:q qmflGt xfdLn] :yfkgf ug]{ ;dfhjfbL ;Qfsf] k|of]u, /Iff / lasf;df xfdL cfdsfo{stf{
;fy} ;"o{sf] ls/0faf6 k|fKt x'g] o;sf nflu tGgf, l;/sh:tf s'/f
le6fldg 8L klg k|fKt x'G5 . g/d lsl;dsf Pj+ ;'Gb/ /ªsf 5g\f6] ug{ ;Dej 5 eGg] ljifo k'li6 eof] . rgfvf] x'gk' g]{ 5 .
@= Jofofd ug{x' f];\ ug{'xf];\ . sf]7fdf s'g} klg ;fdfg To;a]nfsf] k|d'v cGtla{/f]w ls;fg
aflx/km]/ lxF8\g] afgL ug{'xf];\ nyfln+u ¿kdf g/fVg'xf];\ . 9'Ss / ;fdGt hldGbf/x?sf] aLrdf lasl;t ;dfhjfb ;fDojfb k|flKtsf] 5 / of] s;/L ;Dej 5 eGg] k|Zgsf] 5}g . o;sf] rl/q gofF 5 h;nfO{{
h;n] tkfO{+nfO{{ /fd|f] lgb|f k5{ . x'gx' f];,\ o:tf] jftj/0fdf ;lhn} lgb|f lyof] . oBlk k|sf/fGt/df tTsflng rfxgf, ;kgfsf] aLrdf cfhsf] lbgdf hjfkm k|fKt ug{ PsLs[t hgqmflGt xfdLn] bnfn k'h F LjfbL /fHo Joj:yf
;dod} lgbfpg ;Sg] dflg;n] cfˆgf] k5{ . g]tT[ j hgtfsf] ax'blno hgjfb eGg] lasl;t ;fdflhs cGtla{ / f] w , eg]sf] s] xf] eg]/ a'‰g cfjZos eg]/ ;+Zn]if0f u/]sf 5f}F .Ú
lgoldt sfd klg k|efjsf/L ¿kdf (= 7Ls ;fO8df dfq ;'Tg] ug{'xf];\ ;+zf]wgjfbL cfTdf;dk{0fdf ktg cGo/fli6«o kl/l:yltnufot tdfd 5 . clt s]Gb|Ls/0f, clt pTkfbg, To;sf/0f g]kfndf k'FhLjfbL
ug{ ;S5 . ;'tfOsf] ;fO8 gldNbf klg lgb|f eP/ uof] . ljifox?sf] ulx/f] cWoog u/] / ahf/sf] la:tf/ / Psflwsf/ cfhsf] b]zsf] h:tf] zx/L ;z:q lab|fx] klg
#= ;fFemsf] ;do skmL, Soflkmg kb}g{ . d'6,' pRr /Qmrfksf /f]uL g]kfndf csf]{ k|Zg afFsL lyof] PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf] sfo{lbzf cufl8 ;fd|fHojfbsf] d'ne't laz]iftf xf] . klg xf]Og / ;fdGtjfbL b]zsf] h:tf]
;]jg gug]{ 5g\\ eg] 7Ls ;fO8df ;'Tgfn] d'6n ' fO{{ s] g]kfn h:tf] ;fdGtL /fhtGq / cfPsf] 5 . /, o;sf] cWo]tf dxf;lrj cfly{ s , /fhgLlts, ;f+ : s[ l ts, nfdf] lb3{sflng hgo'4 klg xf]Og,
tkfO{n + fO{{ yfxf 5 < lrof, skmLn] bafa kb}{g . /Qm ;~rf/df afwf ef/lto pklgj]z /x]sf] d'n'sdf laKna / g]tfx? x'g'x'G5 . s] ca of] k|flalws If]qdf ePsf] lasf; / oxfF lasl;t ljz]iftfsf] cfwf/df
lgb|f eufpg] sfd u5{g\ . Psk6s kb}{g . /, ;lhn} lgbfpg ;lsG5 . ;z:q o'4 u/]/ hgtfnfO{ lhtfpg kl/l:yltdf of] cfGbf]ng / sfo{lbzfn] k|efjsf] sf/0f o;sf] k|efj laZje/ dWosflng rl/qsf] lab|f]x x'g] 5 .
;o ld . u|f . Soflkmg ;]jg ug{e ' of] !)= ;' T g] ;dodf gsf/fTds ;Dej 5 eGg] sfFrf] / k]lrnf] s'g} k|Zgsf] hjfkm lbg' kb}g{ t < kg{ uPsf] 5 . cfhsf] b'lgofFdf g]kfn lxhf]sf] h:tf] ;fdGtjfbL klg
eg] o;sf] c;/ z/L/df ;ft g;f] R g' x f] ; \ ;jfnsf] hjfkm )%@ ;fnaf6 ;'? ;jfnx? 5g\, t/ To;f] xf]Og, o;n] ;fd|fHojfb e"d08lns[t rl/qsf] g/x]sf] / k'h F LjfbL klg g/x]sf] t/
306f;Dd /xG5 . o;sf/0f ;fFemdf eg]sf] s'/f Jojxf/df ptfg{ ul/Psf] dxfg hgo'4n] lbof] . & a'bF ] hjfkm lbg' k5{ . /, Tof] hjfkm eg]sf] aGg uPsf] 5 . ;fd|fHojfbsf] k|efj b'j} l:yltdf kfOg] ldl>t laz]iftf
;fgf] Ps sk skmLn] klg /fltsf] ;lhnf] 5}g . t/ cfFvf aGb ug]{ k|lta4tfkq hf/L u/]/ n8fOsf] kf6L{nfO{ s;/L hLjGt /fVg] < ab\lnbf] / ;DaGwaf6 s'g} klg b]z c5'tf] /x]sf] kl/l:yltdf g]kfnL ljz]iftfx?sf]
lgb|fdf afwf k'{ofpg ;S5 . a]nfdf /fd|f ljrf/ dfq dgdf lgd{d k|so[ fdf ;fd]n tTsflng g]skf kl/l:yltcg' ; f/ sfo{ l bzfx?sf] /xg] l:ylt 5}g . To;sf/0f h'gs'g} ;+Zn]if0f o;/L ul/Psf] 5 .
$= vfgf vfg] l alQs} g;' T g' x f] ; \ Nofpg'xf];\ . h'g ljrf/ ulx/f] lgb|f dfcf]jfbL kf6L{n] bL3{sflng hgo'4sf] lasf; s;/L ug] { < / k| f Kt d'ns' df ul/g] qmflGtn] ;fd|fHojfbL != ufpF / zx/, @= /fhgLlts
vfgf vfg]lalQs} ;'Tg' :jf:Yosf gcfpFbf;Dd hf/L /fVg'xf];\ . lglZrt sfo{lbzfnfO{ lnP/ *)% e"efudf pknlAwnfO{{ s;/L arfpg] < cyf{t cGtlj{/f]wnfO{{ klg ;dfwfg ug{' kg]{ ;Qfdf bnfn k'h F Ljfb, #=dWod au{,
nflu /fd|f] dflgFbg} . To;sf/0f vfgf ¿kdf tkfO{+nfO{{ lgb|fn] 5f]Kg]5 . hg;Qf rnfP/ b]vfof] . hgo'4sf] ;dfhjfbnfO{ s;/L l6sfpg] eGg] x'G5 . $= ef} u f] l ns ?kn] ;fgf] /
vfPsf] b' O { – tLg 3G6fkl5 dfq !!= lgbfpg] a]nf e"tsf syfx¿ dxfg\ k|s[ofsf] hfu/0fdf xhf/f}Fsf] k|Zgsf] hjfkm ca g]kfn sDo'lg:6 PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf] cWo]tf e"kl/j]li7t, %= hftLo If]qLo, n}lËs
cf]5o\ fgdf hfg'xf];\ . g;' G g' x f] ; \ alnbfgL eof] Tof] alnbfgL k"0f{ kf6L{n] lbg' kg]{ 5 . dxf;lrj laKna n] V g' x' G 5 pTkL8g - h:tf ljz]iftfx? cfhsf]
%= ;f“em kg]{lalQs} ;'Tg] ug{'xf];\ 8/nfUbf e"t of ck/fwsf lkmNd cfGbf]ngsf] hudf p7]sf] ljzfn g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] :yfkgf …;fd|fHojfbn] oflGqs k|ljlw / ;"rgf g]kfndf laBdfg /x]sf 5g\ .
/flt l56f] ;'Tg] afgL ugf]{;\ . x]g{ ] afgL 5 eg] t'?Gt 5f8\gx' f];\ . o:tf hfu/0f ^@–)^# sf] hgcfGbf]ngdf @)&! ;fn d+l;/ * ut] eof] . kf6L{ k|ljlwsf] ljsf;nfO{{ o'4 k|ljlwdf h;cg' ; f/ ;fd| f HojfbL
l56f] ;'Tg] afgLn] tkfO{+nfO{{ cfgGb lkmNdn] tkfO{s + f] dg cgfjZos 8/ cleAoQm eof] . cGttM /fhfx?sf] dxf;lra s= laKnan] k|:t't ug{' abNb} ;a} d f Psflwsf/ sfod e"d08nLs[t ;DaGwsf] sf/0f bnfn
t ldN5 g} . ;fy} /fd|f] lgb|f klg k}bf u5{ / lgb|fdf afwf kf5{ . ;fy} nfdf] la/f;t tf]8b\ } hgtfx? lahoL ePsf] PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf] sfo{lbzf ul//x]sf] 5 . e"–pku|x, sDKo'6/, ;Qfsf] ?kdf /x]sf] g]kfnL ;+;bLo
ag] . o;af6 s] s'/f k'li6 eof] eg] cufl8 cfof] . h; sf/0f ;+;lbo 6]lnlehg, df]afOn ;]nf]kmf]g ;a}nfO{{ -af“ s L $ k] h df_
k5{ . lgbfOxfn] klg g/fd|f ;kgf b]lvG5 .
@)&% ;fn r}t !& ut] cfOtaf/ 3

k'h
“ Ljfbsf] 8'·fdf ;dfhjfbsf] ofqf
ljifo k|a]z b':k|rf/ xf] . kf6L{ ePsf]n] p;sf lj?4 k|ltaGwsf] @! cf}+ ztfAbLsf] dxfg\ g]kfnL hgtf lblUaho 3f]if0ff u/]sf] ;do g]kfn hxfF;Dd clxn]sf] ;+;b\ leq}af6
sDo'lg:6 3f]if0ffkqsf] z'?sf] cf]nL k|r08 / z]/axfb'/ b]pjf nflu k|ltlqmofjfbL dft[sf ;/sf/n] oxfFsf] b]zeQm zlQm qmflGtsf/L sDo'lg:6 h:tf] ;fgf] e"kl/a]lZ6t d'n'sdf ;dfhjfbdf k'Ug ;lsg] s'ts{ u/]/
e'ldsfd} dfS;{ P]uF N] ;n] sDo'lgHdsf] aLrsf] leGgtf k|ltlqmofjfbL ;Qfwf/L pko'Qm ca;/ 7fg] . /f0ff zf;gsf] cfGbf]ngdfly ljZjf; cflbsf sf/0f sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] g]tT[ jdf ;z:q k|r08 lu/f]xn] e|d ;[hgf ug]{ k|oTg
larf/ cfy{t dfS;{jfbL bz{gaf6 ju{ aLrsf] cfk;L lvrftfgL eGbf cWof/f] o'unfO{ dfq xf]Og ;du| g]kfndf of] xs{t ;Dea 5}g . dxf;lrj ;+3if{sf] p7fg ug]{ k|Zg ;fdGo x'bF } ul//x]sf 5g\ . cfˆg} Oltxf; lt/
cft+ l st tTsfnLg o' / f] k ] n L s]xL xf]Og . ;f/df ;Qf?9 ju{ ;fdGtjfbsf] cGTo u/]/ hgjfb x'bF } sd/]8 laKnan] eGg' ePem}+ of] kfgLsf] xf]Og . of] ;dodf k|r08n] Ps kms]/{ x]/] cfˆgf] cg'xf/ 5n{Ë x'G5 .
zf;sx?sf] dgf]bzfnfO{{ lrq0f ub}{ sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngnfO{{ ;dfKt kfg]{ ;dfhjfb ;Dd k'Ug] p;sf] 3f]lift kmf]sf em}F km'6g\ ] lglZrt 5 . cl2lto dxfg kxnsbdL lnPsf] s'/f ;+;b\df efu lng] g]skf Pdfn]nfO{
n]Vg' ePsf] lyof] æo'/f]k Pp6f e'tåf/f b'O xltof/ k|of]u ul//x]sf 5g\\ . Tof] gLlt lyof] . k|r08 cf]nLsf] k|f]kf]uG8f lal;{bF f cfhsf] Oltxf; ck'/f] x'G5 gak|ltlqmofjfbdf Pdfn] u'6sf] kQg
/hdfg tfdfª k|ltaGw 3f]if0ff kl5 h]–h:tf
k|fk] f]uG8f xfd|f] kf6L{ / g]tT[ j dfly
g} . cw{;fdGtL / cw{cf}klga]lzs
g]kfnL ;dfhdf bL3{sfnLg hgo'4sf]
eGb} nfdf] cfn]v n]Vg] k|r08sf] cg'xf/
lrxfP k'U5 . Pdfn]sf] sfo{stf{ ePs}
nufpg cf]nL k|r08 nfu] . To;df cu'jfO u/]sf x'g k|r08n] . k|r08 sf/0f k|ltlqmofjfbL laNnf le/fP/
k|r08n] k]l/;8fF8fdf ;lxb uDeL/ cfklQsf] s'/f s] 5 eg] xfd|f] of] o'usf] gfos x'g . t/ g]kfndf /]l6Psf 3fF6Lx? ;lDemP x'G5 . / cfk"m
kl/jf/x?sf] e]nfdf laKnan] kf6L{ Ps ck/flws hTyf em}F AolQm ;fdGtjfbsf] cGTo eP/ ha g]kfnL s'gaf6 lxFl8/x]sf] 5 yfxf eOxfN5 .
cfk"mnfO{ dfg{ dfG5] v6fPsf] xTofsf] of]hgfdf 5 eGg] xf] . /, ;dfh gofF o'udf k|az ] u¥of] . g]kfnL c? asas lsg <
xfdLnfO{ ck/fwLs/0f ug{ /fHosf] >f]t ;dfhsf] r/Lqdf abnfa cfof] . s] bnfn k'FhLjfbsf] 8'Ëf r9]/
kfunk"0f{ asaf; u/]sf 5g\\ . ;lxb, ;fwg b'?kof]u ug{' xf] . xfdL slxNo} To;n] gofF au{ / gofF au{ c+tlj{/f]w ;dfhabsf] uGtJodf k'us ] f] Oltxf;
3fOt], ckfËx?sf] ;]lG6d]G6 lng / / sf]xL klg AolQm xTofsf] kIfdf 5}gf}+ k}bf u¥of] . e'dG8lns[t k'h F Ljfbsf] 5 < ;dfhjfb kF'hLjfbn] bof /
/ xfd|f] sfo{lbzfn] AoQm xTofnfO{ cfFlwx'/L ;fd' k|r08 k|r08 alg/xg s[kfaf6 k|fKt x'G5 <
cfˆgf] u2f/LnfO{ 9fs5f]k ug{ pgL c:jLsf/ u5{ . cf]nL / k|r08sf] g;s]sf] oyfy{ xf] . xfdL n] s] b]Vof}+ clxn]sf] ;+;bLo cy{/fhg}lts
of] cnfk ul//x]sf 5g\ . k|r08sf] cleJolQm cfˆg} Oltxf;af6 cft+lst eg] k|r08 oxLF g]/ lrlKnP / k'ik Joj:yf leq}af6 ;dfhjfbdf k'Ug]
clnslt dfq} klg Oltxf; vf]tNg] xf] / xfdL dfly uDeL/ if8\oGqsf] pkh sdn bfxfndf kl/0ft eP . cf]nL k|r08sf] sygnfO{ /fhgLlts
xf] . JolQm xTofsf] /fhgLlt t cf]nLn] cfhsf] o'u k|rG8sf] o'u x'bF } cy{zf:qL x/L /f]Ssfn] lgs} ;l6s
eg] cfˆg} kf6L{ klª\tleq pgn] u/]sf g} z'? u/]sf x'g . k|r08n] at{dfg xf]Og . g]kfn cfkm}+ Ps k'h F LjfbL ;dfh l6Kk0fL ug{'ePsf] 5 æNxf;f hfg]
To:tf ck/fw sd{ ;fdGo 5g\ sfFu; ]| ;efklt z]/axfb'/ b]pjfnfO{ xf] . t/ oxfFsf] k'h
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;/sf/ ultzLn / k|ultzLn x'g kfgLhxfhsf] ;DefJotf cWoog x'g}
kf6L{sf] Aoa:yfkg csf]{ r'gf}tL afFsL eP klg ;/sf/ /]n / t]nsf]
hxfhsf] sfof{no vf]Ng'df g} pB'd
xf] . kf6L{ Aoa:yfkg / b'O{ ;kmntf xfl;n u/]sf], /]n / kfgL
kf6L{ PsLs/0f tTsflng Pdfn] hxfh r9\g] lgDtf afF8\g d:t 5 .
gfgL kfpg'eGbf sGbgL af6]/ g}
/ dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf] 6k 6" a6d ;/sf/ ;kgfsf] v]tLdf Jo:t 5 .
;dfof]hg, ldnfg / kb laefhg, ;/sf/n] sGbgL af6]sf]df g} /dfpg'
kg]{ s:tf] lgolt < ;/sf/ gfs x/fP/
sfo{laefhg clg dof{bf laefhg a;] s f] 5 . ;/sf/sf] OHht
dlxnfsf] hLjgdf d'6';DjGwL /f]usf] vt/fsf af/]df cWoog ul/Psf] 5,Ú
rfx] e|ft[ ;+u7gsf] xf];\ of dfp lbgk|ltlbg :vlnt aGb}5 . lakIfL
cWoogstf{x¿n] eg]sf 5g\\ . pgLx?sf cg';f/ clxn] eg] kl/jf/sf]
xf];\ x/fP/ a;]sf] 5 . hgtf efUo
kf6L{s} cToGt ;+ab] gzLn s'/f x/fP/ a:g dha'/ 5g\ . cfsf/ jf aRrfsf] ;+Vof / dlxnfnfO{{ x'g] d'6' /f]usf] ;Defjgfsf af/]df
cWoog ul/Psf] 5 . o; cWoogsf k|d'v cg';Gwfgstf{ ;f/f lxKkn] kfFr
xf] . h;sf] sf/0f g} kf6L{sf] xf] ; \ x/fPsf] k| l tkIf
jf kfFr eGbf a9L aRrf ePsf #) k|ltzt afa'cfdfnfO{{ ljleGg k|sf/sf]
5fof ;/sf/ / ef]ln ;/sf/sf]
ultdf cfh;Dd t]h cfpg j]l6+u ln:6df a;]sf] kf6L{ cfh;Dd d'6;' DjGwL /f]u ePsf] kfOPsf] hfgsf/L lbP . t/ Ps jf b'O{ ;Gtfg
ePsf dWo] @@ k|ltzt afa'cfdfnfO{{ dfqf o:tf] ;d:ofx¿ b]lvPsf] pxfFn]
;s]sf] 5}g . kf6L{ sfd / r'gfj xf/]b]lv af}l/g ;s]sf] 5}g .
atfP .
bz}+df lrofkfgdf ;fdfGo ;lqmotf
;/sf/sf] sfddf k|efjsf/L x:tIf]k b]lvPsf] 5}g . :yfgLo lgsfob]lv k|bz] / s]Gb|;Dd b]vfP/ cfk"m xf];df cfPsf] 5gs To;}u/L afnaflnsf g} gePsfdWo] @! k|ltztnfO{{ d'6;' DjGwL ;d:ofx?
kf6L{sf] e"ldsf sl/a sl/a z"Go k|foM 5 . nf]stflGqs k|0ffnLdf ;Qf;Lg kf6L{ ultxLg lbPsf] k|ltkIf g]kfnL sfFu; ]| k'gM x'g] u/]sf] kfOPsf] cWoogn] b]vfPsf] 5 . of] cWoog …hg{n ckm Plhª
a]xf]l;d} 5 . r]t v'n]sf] h:tf] P08 x]NyÚdf k|sflzt ePsf] 5 . cWoogdf em08} @% xhf/ hgf ;d]l6Psf
x'g' eg]sf] b]z cfh h] 5, To;sf] sf/0f / kl/0ffd xf] . b]zsf] Ps dfq zlQmzfnL b] l vPsf] sfF u | ] ; cw{ r ] t df g} lyP . pgLx? %) aif{ jf Tof]eGbf w]/} pd]/sf lyP . cWoogdf ;xefuL
kf6L{ -ut r'gfjsf] hgdtsf] cfwf/df_ h;sf] cfk\mgf] kf6L{ ;+/rgf b]zdf ljBdfg 5}g aa{/fPsf] dfq} /x]5 . ;Qflagf st} ePsfdWo] em08} Ps rf}yfO{ JolQmx¿ b'O{ aif{b]lv d'6';DjGwL /f]u /x]sf]
rNg r6k6fpg g;Sg' sfFu; ]| sf] bL3{ atfPsf lrlsT;sx¿n] hgfPsf lyP . …cWoogn] dlxnf k'?if b'j}nfO{{
eGbf cK7\of/f] dx;'; x'G5 . kf6L{ ;+/rgf gePsf] kf6L{n] hgtfnfO{{ s;/L 8]lne/L /f]u xf] . ;xL ;dodf ;xL pkrf/ hlt w]/} aRrf eof] Tolt w]/} d'6' /f]usf] ;d:of x'g] u/]sf] b]vfPsf] 5,Ú
lbg ;S5 < ;/sf/sf] k|lt/Iffsf] nflu kf6L{ g]tf sfo{stf{nfO{{ k|wfgdGqLn] af/Daf/ kfpg ;s]g eg] sfFu; ]| lzlyn eP/
cl/ª\ufn ag]/ hfOnfUg lbg' k/]sf] lgb]z{ g cfu|x, cg'/f]w klg o;}sf] sf/0f xf] . o;} /f]un] d[To'Gd'v aGg]5 . k'“hLjfbsf]===== lakl/tx? aLrsf] Pstf / ;+3if{
e"ldsfljxLg e"ldsf g} sfFu; ]| sf] ;Qf k'h F LjfbL d'ns
' sf] h:tf] pBf]u, eGg] lyof] . of] lgodnfO{{ g]kfnL
)))) cfhsf] kl/ro / u'dgfdL ePsf] dhb'/ / zx/df x'g] ljz]iftf h:tf] sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngdf ;fj{ef}d nfu"
5 . aGb, rSsfhfd / tf]8kmf]8 gug{' klg g/x]sf] / ;fdGtjfbL d'n'sdf ug]{ e'n ePsf] lyof] . of] ;d:ofsf]
;/sf/ zlQmzfnL x'g' ;kmntfsf] kl/rfos xf]Og, k|efjsf/L sfo{ dfq} k|ltkIfsf] wd{ / st{Ao eg]/ h:tf] ls;fg, hldg / ;f]xL k|sf/sf] ;}4flGts xn vf]Hg] ljifo ;dfh
;+rfng / ;'zf;g rflxF ;/sf/ x'gs ' f] cy{ xf] . ;/sf/ / k|wfgdGqLsf] sfFu|];n] a'em]sf] 5 . /rgfTds pTkfbg ;DaGw dfq /x]sf] cj:yfdf la1fgdf dxfg\ vf]h ePsf] 5 .
;kgf ;'Gg' g} hgtfsf] ef]sf] k]6 el/g' xf] eGg] ;/sf/sf] a'emfO/x]sf] efg k|ltkIfL s:tf] x'G5, s:tf] aGg'k5{ klg gePsf] x' g fn] oxfF zx/L h;df elgPsf] 5 lakl/tx? aLrsf]
sfFu|];n] b]vfpg hfg]g . hgtfsf] hglab|fx] h:tf] jf lb3{sfnLg hgo'4 Pstf / ;+3if{sf] ljifonfO{ ;fj{ef}d
x'G5 . /]n cfOg;s] klg kfgLhxfhsf] ;DefJotf cWoog x'g} afFsL eP hNbf]aNbf] ;d:ofk|lt ;/sf/ hlt h:tf] k|sf/n] qmflGt x'g g;Sg] a? 9Ën] cfTdf;ft ul/g' x'Gg . kf6L{sf]
klg ;/sf/ /]n / t]nsf] hxfhsf] sfof{no vf]Ng'df g} pB'd ;kmntf g} sfFu; ]| sf] pbf;Lgtf klg v]bhgs lasl;t g] k fnL ljz] i ftfx?sf] xsdf of] ;hflto aLrsf] Pstf /
5 . laKnjsf] kf6L{k|ltsf] k|ltaGw cfwf/df PsLs[t hgqmflGt x'g] 5 . lahflto aLrsf] ;+3if{ xf] . o;sf]
xfl;n u/]sf], /]n / kfgL hxfh r9\g] lgDtf afF8g\ d:t 5 . gfgL kfpg'eGbf clg ;Ls] /fpt;F u ;/sf/sf] /, xfdLn] o;nfO{ PsLs[t hgqmflGt cy{ kf6L{ eg]sf] lglZrt p2]Zo
sGbgL af6]/ g} ;/sf/ ;kgfsf] v]tLdf Jo:t 5 . ;/sf/n] sGbgL ;Demf}tfdf st} pkl:ylt / e"ldsf eg]/ a'‰g' kg]{ / ;f]sf] dd{nfO{{ k|flKtsf] lglDt tof/ ul/Psf] ;fwg
gb]lvg' sfFu;]| ;'wL| g] xf]Og l;l4g] ;+st] cfTdf;flts/0f u/]/ sfo{lbzfcg';f/ xf], ToxfF Ps dt, Ps larf/ /
af6]sf]df g} /dfpg' kg]{ s:tf] lgolt < ;/sf/ gfs x/fP/ a;]sf] 5 . xf] . g ;Qfwf/Lsf] ultnf] rfn g to ePsf of]hgfx?nfO{ b[9tfk"j{s b[li6sf]0f /xG5 . To;sf/0f kf6L{df
;/sf/sf] OHht lbgk|ltlbg :vlnt aGb}5 . lakIfL xf];\ x/fP/ a;]sf] k|ltkIfsf] ;Defjgf g c? gofF kf6L{sf] sfof{Gjog ug{' kg]{ x'G5 . km/s b[li6sf]0f / larf/ /xg' la1fg
alnof] pkl:ylt / kl/b[Zo hgtf ljZj ;fd|fHojfbsf] k|efj / ;Ddt x'Fb}g elgPsf] 5 . o;n] s]
5 . hgtf efUo x/fP/ a:g dha'/ 5g\ . efUo x/fPsf] l:yltdf 5g\\ olta]nf . To;sf] e"d08lns[t rl/q / g]kfndf b]vfpF5 eg] PsLs[t hgqmflGtnfO{
5 eGbf klg nhfpg' kg]{ l:ylt 5 . b]vfpF5g\, h:t} ljkb / b'vb kl/l:yltdf dfn], Pdfn] ljefhgsf] t'if;d]t cfj/0fdf sDo'lg:6 cfr/0fdf laBdfg bnfn /fHo ;Qfsf] a:t'jfbL nfu" ug]{, :yflkt ;dfhjfbL ;Qf
olt km/flsnf] / rf}8f /fhdfu{df klg x;fpg ;Sg] k|wfgdGqLsf] v'aL eg] afF s L /x] s f] a] n f emg\ cgof;} 5}gg\, gfddf nf]stflGqs sfFu|]; ;+Zn]if0f;lxt g]kfn h:tf] d'n'sdf ;~rfngdf d" n b[ l i6sf] 0 fnfO{
lagf k|lt:kwf{ PSn} lxF8\g] b'n{e ;w}F k|z;+ fof]Uo 5 . dfcf]jfbL s]Gb| ;d]t ldl;P/ g]skf Aoaxf/df cnf] s tflGqs / ul/g] qmflGtsf] of]hgf / To;sf] tf]8df]8 x'g glbg] ljifo /x]sf] 5 .
cj;/ kfpFbf klg ;/sf/ PSn} bf}8fP ;/sf/ ultzLn / k|ultzLn x'g aGbf Tof] leqsf] Aoa:yfkg sd cJojxfl/s 5 . ;Defjgf / cfzf sfof{Gjogsf] aLraf6 g]kfndf xfdLn] h;sf/0f ;dfhjfbL ;Qf l6sfpg]
klg klxnf] ePsf] 5}g eGg' kbf{ b'Mv kf6L{sf] Aoa:yfkg csf]{ r'gf}tL xf] . hl6n / si6k"0f{ 5}g . cf]nL, k|r08 clg cfjZos ;lDemPsf gofF / bnfn /fHo ;QfnfO{ vf/]h u/]/ ;Gbe{df of] ljifo dxTjk"0f{ /x]sf]
nfU5 . ;/sf/ v'§feGbf xft a9L kf6L{ Aoa:yfkg / b'O{ kf6L{ PsLs/0f g]tT[ jn] o;sf] plrt lgsf; lbP/ hgtfsf] eljio / efUodf abnfj a}1flgs ;dfhjfbL ;Qf :yfkgf ug{ 5.
rnfpF5, k/Dk/fut efiffdf eGbf tTsflng Pdfn] / dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|sf] kf6L{ Aoa:yfkgnfO{{ k|fyldstfdf Nofp5g\ ls eGg] 7flgPsf kf6L{x? ;Dej 5 eGg] lgisif{ t 5Fb}5 . dxf;lrj s= laKnjsf kl5Nnf
/fHosf] 9's'6Ldf nfdf] xft ug{rflxF 6k 6" a6d ;dfof]hg, ldnfg / kb kf/]gg\ eg] kf6L{ k+lQm lj:kmf]6gdf hfg] k"m6df cfˆgf] eljio e'Nb}5g\ . :ofnn] t/, g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngnfO{{ s[ltx? a}1flgs ;dfhjfb, dxfktg,
l;kfn' 5 . gLltut e|i6frf/ ug{ dflx/ laefhg, sfo{laefhg clg dof{bf vt/f /xG5 . b]lvPsf] 5 ;+st] x? b'Mv lbof] eg]/ afFb/sf] z/0fdf uP a:t'jfbL 9Ën] l;+xjfnf]sg ubf{ k|fKt b:tfj] h x? / ljleGg ;dodf
5 ;/sf/ . lj=;= @)!^ ;fndf lakL laefhg rfx] e|ft[ ;+u7gsf] xf];\ of ldNb}5g\\ h'g kf6L{sf] ?kdf g]skf h:tf] ePsf] 5 . hgtfnfO{{ kf6L{ ;QfnfO{ s;/L l6sfpg] / Aojl:yt n]lvPsf /rgfx?nfO{ ulx/f] u/L
sf]O/fnfsf] b'O{ ltxfO{sf] hgdt k|fKt dfp kf6L{s} cToGt ;+ab] gzLn s'/f dfq}nfO{{ xf]Og, b]znfO{{ g} 3f6f x'g5] . 5gf}6 / ;/sf/ ;+rfngsf] lhDdf u/]/ ;+rfng ug]{ eGg] dfq d'Vo cg'el" t ubf{ nfU5 ljZj sDo'lg:6
;/sf/eGbf klg of] ;/sf/ alnof] xf] . h;sf] sf/0f g} kf6L{sf] ultdf cl:y/, 9' n d' n ] / ;fdfGo lbg] kl/kf6L . hgtfsf] efUo / eljio ljifo 5 . cfGbf]ngsf] laho / k/fhox? /
;/sf/ xf] . tTsflng ;/sf/nfO{{ cfh;Dd t]h cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . ax'dtsf] ;/sf/ cf};t ;/sf/eGbf dfly /f0ffn] kmf]xf]/ u/], /fhfn] kmf]xf]/ of] ljifodf ljZj sDo'lg:6 ;dfhjfbL ;Qfx?sf] la36gnfO{
/fhfsf] t/af/ 3fF6Ldf em'lG8Psf] lyof] kf6L{ sfd / ;/sf/sf] sfddf leGg x'gk' g]{ jt{dfg ;/sf/, ultdfg u/] lt ;a x6fP/ ca xfdL cfof}+ cfGbf]ngaf6 xfl;n ;}4flGts 1fg cToGt} ;"Id 9Ën] vf]h, cg';Gwfg
t/ of] ;/sf/nfO{{ t/af/ t s] rf]/L k|efjsf/L x:tIf]k b]lvPsf] 5}g . / Psbd k|ultzLn b]lvg'kg]{ ;/sf/ eg]/ cfPsf kf6L{x?n] klg k6s– b'lgofFnfO{ a'‰g], abNg] hf] lyof] Tolt ul/Psf] 5 . /, ljZj sDo'lg:6
cf}n
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ljBdfg s'g} zlQm / kf6L{df 5}g . kf6L{sf] e"ldsf sl/a sl/a z"Go b]lvg' /fd|f] nIf0f xf]Og . ;kgfdf kmf]xf]/ ub}{ cfPsf 5g\\ . lasf;nfO{{ bx|f];Fu kqmg] ljifo cfGbf]ngdf ePsf sdhf]/Lx? ca
cfjlws lgjf{ r gdf uP/ k|foM 5 . nf]stflGqs k|0ffnLdf P]7g ePsf] s'/f lg:sFbf klg ;/sf/ hgtfsf] /x/, ;kgf / efUonfO{{ PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf] efje"ldaf6 bf]xf]l/g] 5}gg\ dfq xf]Og kl/l:yltsf]
hgtfaf6 cg'df]lbt x'g cem} rf/ ;Qf;Lg kf6L{ ultxLg x'g' eg]sf] b]z em:s]/ cfk"mnfO{{ h; glbPsf]df k6s k6s anfTsf/ ug]{ k|jl[ t slxn] pT3fl6t k|d'v ljifo xf] . o;y{ 7f]; ljZn]if0f ub}{ sfo{lbzfnfO{{ yk
jif{ ;/sf/sf] Dofb 5 . Tof]eGbf cl3 cfh h] 5, To;sf] sf/0f / kl/0ffd hgtfk|lt cfqmf]z kf]V5 / l/;fpF5 . cGTo xf]nf < ca s;}n] s'g} klg xfdLn] :yfkgf ug]{ a}1flgs ;dfhjfbL prfOdf p7fpFb} g]kfnaf6 ;dfhjfbL
;/sf/ tndfly kfg]{ km]g]{, lu/fpg], xf] . b]zsf] Ps dfq zlQmzfnL kf6L{ Joª\Uo a'‰g / krfpg ;/sf/nfO{{ axfgfdf g]kfnL hgtfsf] efUo / ;QfnfO{ arfpg / l6sfpg pNn]lvt ;Qfsf] em08f kmx/fP/ laZjnfO{
n8fpg] tfst olb s;};Fu 5 eg] -ut r'gfjsf] hgdtsf] cfwf/df_ slt cK7]/f] / eofgs nfu]sf] s'/f eljio agfpg g;Sg] g} x'g t < dd{nfO{ xfd|f] ;dfhjfbL sDo'lg:6 ;fDojfbdf k|a]zsf] cfXjfg ug]{
:jo+ g] s kf;F u 5 . c? s' g } h;sf] cfˆgf] kf6L{ ;+/rgf b]zdf lalaw 36gfqmdn] k'i6L u/]sf 5g\\ . k"j{/fhf 1fg]Gb|sf] e|d0fdf hgtfsf] ;+:s[lt leq ;]s0] 8 ;]s0] 8 /Qm ;+rf/ kl/l:ylt lgdf{0f x'g] 5 . To;sf/0f
dfOsnfn;Fu Tof] a}wflgs x}l;ot ljBdfg 5}g eGbf cK7\of/f] dx;'; x'G5 . ;/sf/nfO{{ sfd gu/] klg h; ;xeflutf / pT;fxk"0f{ cfu|xnfO{{ u/fO/xg' kb{5 . bf];|f] ljifo d"n g]kfnL sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ng;Fu /x]sf
5}g . cfˆg} ;/sf/nfO{{ n8fP/ d[To' kf6L{ ;+/rgf gePsf] kf6L{n] hgtfnfO{{ rflxPsf] 5 p ch+usf] x'gs ' f] sf/0f ;/sf/ / kf6L{x?n] cltzf]of]lQmk"0f{ b[li6sf]0fsf] ;'/Iffsf] s'/f– h;/L tdfd ;jfn hjfkmsf] aLraf6 xfdL
kqdf x:tfIf/ ug]{ AnG8/ zfob s;/L 8]lne/L lbg ;S5 < ;/sf/sf] g} h;sf] efuLbf/ x'g'kg]{ p;sf] gh/n] x] / ] / dfq} s] x' G 5 < hgo'4n] :yflkt g]t[Tjdf cfTdf ;uf}/j eGg ;S5f} g]kfndf bnfn
g]skf ;+;b / g]tfx?nfO{{ ;Xo x'g5 ] g} k|lt/Iffsf] nflu kf6L{ g]tf sfo{stf{nfO{{ lhls/ 5 . b'O{ ltxfO{sf] ;/sf/ d7dlGb/df uP/ k'hfkf7, wd{, sd{, ;'/Iffjfb, a}rfl/s dte]b, c+tlj{/f]w ;+;bLo /fHo ;QfnfO{ ldNsfpg] ljifo
xf];\ klg s;/L < ef]ln k'gM r'gfj lhTg] k|wfgdGqLn] af/Daf/ cl/ª\ufn ag]/ agfpg' dfq} t b]zsf] ;kmntf xf]Og, cf/lt, Wofg, hk cfˆgf] ;+:sf/ / / knfogtfh:tf ;d:ofx? b]vfk/] 7"nf] s'/f 5}g, of] ljifo g]kfndf k|of]u
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{ g cfu|x, cg'/f]w x'g ;Qm}g . b'O{ ltxfO{sf] xf/fxf/Ldf ;+ : s[ l t x' g ] k" j { / fhfsf] wfld{ s h;sf] sf/0f l;Ëf] hgo'4 kl5 kg{ eO;s]sf] 5 . /, ;Dej ;flat
rfnfdfnfn] a? r'gfjdf zdf{gs xf/sf] klg o;}sf] sf/0f xf] . k'Ug' kf6L{sf] ;kmntf xf] t/ b]zsf] e|d0f;Fu ef}ltsjfbLsf] e}+;L k'hf / uof] ca To:tf] x'Gg / Tof] x'g lbg' eO;s]sf] ljifo xf] . a?, ca xfdLn]
rflxF nueu ;'lglZrt h:t} 5 . k|ltkIf sdhf]/ ePs} sf/0f xf]Og . b]zsf] ;kmntf eg]sf] b]zn] dl:hbdf k|fy{gf clg xf]nL jfOgsf] x'bF g} eGg] ljifo klg k|dv ' ljifo :yfkgf ug]{ ;dfhjfbL ;Qfsf] k|of]u,
t;y{, ;/sf/sf] u]o/ r]Gh ug{' g]skfn] cfkm}F leq alnof] k|ltkIf d'xf/ km]g'{ xf] . hgtfsf] hLjg:t/df :jfb aLrdf s'g} ;fOgf], ;kgf, xf] . of] ;Gbe{ d f åGåjfbL /Iff / lasf;df xfdL cfdsfo{stf{
/ ;QfnfO{{ ultzLn agfpg' g]skfsf] kfPsf] / To;sf] larf/ slxn] lxhf] / cfhdf tflTjs leGgtf b]lvg' /fhgLlts p2]Zo 5}g / < bz{ g zf:qdf JofVof ePcg' ; f/ rgfvf] x'gk' g]{ 5 .
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E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com
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olQs}df gfy'/fd uf]8;]n] xltof/ atfpFb} cfPsf] 5 . utcfOtaf/ dfq} v8\u cf]nL ;/sf/nfO{{ lj:yflkt ug{ cfGbf]ngx?df ;~rf/ dfWodx?sf] klg ljKnj ;d"x /fhgLlts zlQm ;Qf?9 g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf
p7fP / dxfTdf uflGwsf] xTof ul/lbP k|wfgdGqL s]kL zdf{ cf]nLn] ;+;bdf ;8s cfGbf]ngsf] lg0ff{os tof/Lsf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf /x]sf] 5 . ca klg ePsfn] jftf{ / ;+jfbaf6 xn ug{ ;'emfj jl/i7 g] t f tyf k" j { k | w fgdGqL
gfy' / fd uf] 8 ;] n ] olb xltof/ ;Daf] w g ub} { ljKnj g] s kfnfO{ { nflu cu|ufdL /fhgLlts zlQm / xfdL ;~rf/dfWodx?sf] ljutsf] lbFb} k|ltaGw cfTd3ftL x'g ;Sg] uf]Ko dfwjs' d f/ g] k fnn] ;/sf/sf]
gp7fPsf] eP clxn] ljzfn ef/t ;/sf/n] eg]sf] ;dodf xltof/ Oltxf;sf] lgdf{tf hg;d'bfodf h:t} e"ldsfsf] ck]Iff /fVb5f}+ . t/ ;'emfj lbPsf] eGg] ;dfrf/ aflx/ k|ltaGwsf] lg0f{osf] lj/f]w ub}{ ;/sf/sf
;fgf ;fgf w]/} /fHodf kl/0ft x'g] a'emfpg gcfP sfg'gcg';f/ g} hf]8bf/ clkn ub{5 . e|fds / c;To ;dfrf/x? hgtf / cfPsf] lyof] . unt lg0f{onfO{ kf6L{n] lhDdf lng g;Sg]
lyof] aGb'ssf] uf]lnaf6 lg:s]sf] To;nfO{{ lgoGq0fdf lng] r]tfjgL @_ ljKnj g]skfdfly v8\u cf]nL– /fi6«sf nflu 3fts x'g hfG5g\\ . ;a} bn / gful/s ;d' b fo r]tfjgL lbPsf 5g\ . pgn] s]lk cf]nL
af]lnn] slxn] sfxLF s;f] /fd|f] sfd lbPsf lyP . k|wfgdGqLsf] pQm k| r 08 ;/sf/n] k| f /Deb] l v g} t;y{ xfd|f] kf6L{sf af/]df lagf tYo, k| l taGwsf] lj/f] w df eujfg xf]Ogg\ / pgn] ug]{ :j]R5frf/L
ug]{/x]5 . b]z lav08g bnfnx?sf cleAolQm cfPsf ef]lnkN6 g} ljKnjn] bdgsf] gLlt lnPsf], jftf{sf nflu cgfjZos, c;To / e|fds ;dfrf/ s'g} /fhgLlts bndflysf] k|ltaGw lg0f{onfO{ df}g a;]/ ;xg g;lsg]
nflu g]kfndf klg b'Orf/ j6f klg ;/sf/nfO{{ s8f r]tfjgL lbb} k|fyldstf ;lxt 7f]; kxn gu/]sf] l;h{gf u/L ;Dk|z ] 0f gug{ ;DalGwt nf]stGqdf kfRo ljifo x'bF g} . lj:tf/} r]tfjgL lbPsf 5g\ . kf6L{ aflx/ dfq
gfy'/fd hlGdg'k5{ .Ú lj1lKt lgsfn]sf x'g\ . tyf …n'6]/f ;d"xÚ s/f/ u/L lgs[i6 ;a}df ckLn ub{5 .Æ g]kfnL sf+u; ]| n] klg k|ltaGwsf] lj/f]w xf]Og, kf6L{ leq klg k|wfgdGqL s]lk
c?sf]===== k|wfgdGqL===== zAbdf ckdflgt ub} { k| l taGw
nufPsf] la/f]wdf xfd|f] kf6L{n] 86]/
;/sf/===== u/\of] / ;Qf?9 bnleq} klg Jofkfs
lj/f]w eof] . ;Qf?9 g]skfsf jl/i7
cf]nLdf lg/+sz ' / :j]R5frf/L a9\b}
uPsf] l6Kk0fL u/]sf 5g\ . ptf csf{
of] ;/sf/af6 ;+ljwfg k|bQ /fli6«o emfkfsf] aGb'sn] dfn], Pdfn] x'bF } s]kL
nfU5 oLgLx?n] jftfj/0fnfO{{ ;s];Dd eT;gf{ u/]sf] 5 . To:t}, b]z / cf]nLnfO{ k|wfgdGqL agfof] . !) jif]{ g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfnn] t jftf{sf] nflu k|efjzfnL g]tf eLd /fjnn] t g]kfndf
pQ]lht agfP/ cs}s { f] ldzgsf nflu :jfwLgtf / cv08tf, cfly{s– hgtfsf nflu eg]/ jlnbfgLk"0f{ dWo:ytf ug{ cfk"m OR5's /x]sf] eGg] /fi6«3ftL g]tfx? l;Wofpg] y'k|}
;fdflhs ?kfGt/0f / ;fj{ef}d zflGt hgo'4sf] aGb'sn] k|r08 dfly k'u,]
jftfj/0f w'dfNg] k|of; ul//x]sf 5g\\ . efjgfn] ;+3if{/t ljKnj g]skfsf clxn] ltgLx?s} ;/sf/n] ljKnj ;fj{hlgs 3f]if0ff g} u/] . ptf /fdrGb| gfy'/fdx? hlGdg' kg]{ pb\3f]if u/]sf
af]Nbf cfˆgf] cg'xf/ x]b}{ gx]g]{ lsdfy{ ;Dej g/x]sf] j:t'l:ylt k|i6 sd/]8x?k|lt xfd|f] pRr ;Ddfg 5 . kf}8n] , z]v/ sf]O/fnf, ljZjk|sfz zdf{, 5g\ . klZrdsf k|efjzfnL g]tf
5 .Ú …cf]nL ;/sf/n] t'?Gt /flhgfdf g] s kfnfO{ k| l taGw nufof] , of]
kfv]kg oLgLx?df hAa/ b]lvG5 . t/ ljut hgo'4sfnLg kl/l:yltdf ;/sf/sf] bdgsf/L gLlt xf] . uug yfkfx?n] klxn]bl] v g} ;/sf/L /fjnsf] of] cfqmf]z / ljb|fx] n] klg :ki6
c/af}s + f e|i6frf/sf sf08df d'l5Psf u/L ljKnj g]skf;Fu jftf{ / /fli6«o sfkmL km]/abn cfPsf], k"jf{wf/ lg0f{osf] lj/f]w u/]sf lyP . ;/sf/n] u5{ ls ;Qf?9 bnleq slt 7"nf] cGofo
Pj+ hglxtsf] dfu{ k|z:t ug{ ljz]if /fhgLlts s'/f /fhgLlts 9+un]
/ /fHosf]ifsf] n'6nfO{{ k]zf agfPsf ljsf; / ;"rgf k|ljlwdf Jofkstfn] 6'U+ ofpg' k5{, k|ltaGwnufP/ xf]Og .Ú PstkmL{ ?kdf u/]sf] k|ltaGwsf] 5 eg]/ . k|r08 / cf]nL c+sdfn ub}d{ f
oLgLx?n] ljKnj ;d"xn] p7fPsf] cfu| x u5{ , Ú dfcf] j fbL s] G b| n ] clehftjuL{o ;QfnfO{{ g} ;'b[9 lg0f{onfO{ cfdhgtf / gful/s ;d"xn] jf pgLx?sf] efuj08f ldNb}df ;Qf?9
lj1lKtdf eg]sf] 5, …cGoyf b]zb|fx] L …l;s] /fpt;Fusf] ;xdltdf
rGbfnfO{{ s6fIf u/]sf] b]Vbf o:tf] ul//x]sf] g]kfnL cy{–/fhgLltdf ;/sf/ hgdt ;+ux| ug{ tof/ ePsf] lj/f]w u/]sf 5g\ . ljv08gsf/L g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ Ps x'g] ;Defjgf
cg'e"lt x'G5 ls n'6 oLgLx?sf] / kmfl;jfbL lg/+s'z v8\u cf]nL bL3{sfnLg 5fkfdf/ o'4 sDo'lgi6 zlQm;Fu c+sdfn ub}{ /fi6«jfbL zlQmnfO{ 5}g\ . ToxfF leq klg clwgfosjfb
;/sf/nfO{˜{ lj:yflkt ug{ ;8s xf] ls xf]Og egL dxf;lrj j}Bn]
efudf k/]sf] Psnf}l6 clwsf/ xf] / of]4fx? / hgtfsf nflu j:t'tM k|Zg ;d]t u/]sf 5g\ . åGåfTds l;WofpF5' eGg] kmfF;LjfbL if8\oGq nflbPsf] 5 / leqleq} lj:kmf]6sf]
ljKnj ;d" x n] oLgLx?sf] efu cfGbf]ngsf] lg0ff{os tof/Lsf nflu cfTdwftL 7x5{ . c;kmn x'g] lglZrt 5 . cj:yfdf k'us ] f] 5 . ToxfF dfwj g]kfn
cu| u fdL /fhgLlts zlQm / ef} l tsjfb, ;j{ x f/fju{ s f]
vf]l;/x]sf]df oLgLx? ljlIfKt 5g\\ . To:t}, PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf] clwgfosTj, ju{ ;+3if{ / lg/Gt/ cf]nLsf] dfgl;s ;Gt'ng / led /fjnx? sdhf]/ 5}gg\ .
oL ;8s5fk cf}sftlxgx?nfO{{ Oltxf;sf] lgdf{tf hg;d'bfodf sfo{ l bzf s] xf] , hg;fwf/0fdf cfkm}F åGå rsf{pg], jftfj/0fnfO{ lgisif{
hf]8bf/ clkn ub{5 .Ú qmflGtsf] dfGotfnfO{ cfTd;ft\ gug]{
k|Zg u/f}–+ ljKnj ;d"xn] p7fPsf] af]wuDo 5}g . hgo'4sf] pknAwL kf6L{ sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ x'g} g;Sg] g]tf e8\sfpg], t/ËLt ug],{ /fHo cft+s ;du|df eGbf dflysf tYox?n] s]
rGbf ck/fw xf] eg] ltdLx?sf] dfl;s ljKnj g]skfdfly v8\u cf]nL– ljBdfg u0ftGqnfO{ { /Iff ub} { dRrfpg] , ;a} d f qf; km} n fpg] :ki6 ub{5 eg] olta]nf k'/} b]z b'O{
k|r08 ;/sf/n] k|f/Deb]lv g} bdgsf] j}Bn] atfP . pgn] eg], …sDo'lg:6 eGg]
nfvf}+ vr{sf] >f]t s] xf] < s¶f hldg ;dfhjfbL u0ftGqdf s;/L ljsf; ;Qfdf a;]sf] 5, d t of] ;/sf/nfO{ k|wfgdGqL s]lk cf]nLsf] dflg;s w'jd| f ljeflht ePsf] 5 . s]lk–afbn–
/ # tf]nf ;'g x'g] k'iksdnsf] gLlt lnPsf] cf/f]k nufpFb} dfcf]jfbL ug]{ Pj+ P]ltxfl;s / ;fd'bfoLs ;Gt'ngaf/] a]nf–a]nfdf k|Zg p7\g] k|r08sf] kmf;Ljfbsf] kIf / ljkIfdf
s]Gb|n] jftf{sf nflu k|fyldstf ;lxt sDo'lg:6 elGbg, x'bF f klg xf]Og .Ú
P}oo\ fl; hLjg s;n] rnfO{{ lbPsf] klxrfg d'4faf/] klg u+eL/tf JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . s] pgn] bndflysf] w|j' Ls/0f ePsf] 5 . of] w|j' Ls/0fn] kSs}
5 < sf7df8f}F / b]zsf cGo zx/df ;/sf/n] 7f]; kxn gu/]sf] tyf ePsf] kfO{b}g .
kmf;Ljfblj?4===== k|ltaGw nufpg] lg0f{o ;fdfGo klg cf]nL SofDknfO{ Oltxf;s}
em'lDdPsf pBdljlxg ltdLx?sf …n'6/] f ;d"xÚ s/f/ u/L lgs[i6 zAbdf #_ ctM cfˆgf] sfo{ l bzf / k|x/Lx?nfO{ alnbfg u/fP/ cfkm\gf] cj:yfd} u/]sf xf]nfg\ t eGg] k|Zg nHhf:kb xf/tkm{ n}hfg] 5 . ljKnj
cf;]kf;] / emf]nx] ?sf dl:tsf] hLjg ckdflgt ub}{ k|ltaGw nufPsf] sfo{qmdaf/] hgtf dfem Aofks ax; a|Xdn'6 dRrfpg] if8\oGq ;kmn x'g p7\g yfn]sf] 5 . pgsf] lg0f{oaf6 JolQm dfq xf]Og, cfhsf] ljrf/ klg
s'g >f]taf6 rln/x]sf] 5 < c?sf] lj/f]wdf cfˆgf] kf6L{n] 86]/ eT;gf{ u/fO{ qmlGtsf/L Pstf / w|j' Ls/0f ;Sg] cj:yfdf 5}g . cfh ;/sf/L ;+oGqdf g} ;a}eGbf a9L xf] . ljKnjnfO{ lgdf]75 \ ' eGg] ;kgf
lvl;6\o/' L ubf{ cfˆgf] cg'xf/ x]g' { kb}g{ < ug]{ atfPsf] 5 . ljKna g]skfsf] ;'b9[ ug{ ljKnj g]skfn] hf/L ;+3if{sf] ljKnjsf] ;+ o ldt k| l tlqmof e"sDk uPsf] 5 . u[xdGqfnon] s]jn e|d, ;kgf / pQ]hgf dfq x'g5 ] .
PsLs[t hgqmflGtsf] sfo{lbzf s] xf] Psftkm{ kmfF;LjfbL ;/sf/n] ljKnj
g]skfåf/f===== eGg] hg;fwf/0fdf af]wuDo gePsf]
gLltdf u+eL/ k'glj{rf/ ul/of];\ . ;fy},
/ k|sf08nfO{ lgdf]75 \ ' eg]sf 5g\ .
le=cfO=lk= ;'/Iffdf a:g]x?nfO{ ljKnjsf] ;fydf w]/} ljKnjx? hlGdPsf
nuftf/sf] aGbn] hgtf cflht /x]sf] ;'/Iffsf sf/0f pkTosf aflx/ ghfg 5g\ . of] j}1flgs ljrf/ xf], h'g
dxf;lrj ljKnj4f/f hf/L eGb} dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|n] hgo'4sf] l:yltdf r}t–!^ ut]sf] g]kfn aGb ;/sf/n] ls cfTd;dk{0f u/ gq eg]sf] 5 . l;+xb/af/df k|jz ] ug]x{ ?nfO{ ;dfhdf JofKt zf]if0f, pTkL8g, cGofo,
lj1lKtdf elgPsf] 5, …s]kL k|r08sf] pknAwL ljBdfg u0ftGqnfO{{ /Iff ub}{ lkmtf{ u/L cGo sfo{qmdåf/f /fhgLlts l;WofO{lbG5' eg]sf] 5 . Psftkm{ nfOg nufP/ s8f r]shfFr ul/Psf] lje]b / c;dfgtfsf] cGTosf nflu
;/sf/ lbgk|ltlbg g]kfnL >lds ;dfhjfbL u0ftGqdf s;/L ljsf; ;+3if{ cl3 a9fpg ljKnj g]skf ;dIf ;/sf/n] kf6L{sf :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o 5 . afn'jf6f/, dGqL Sjf6/ ;a}df nl8/xg] 5 . ha;Dd ;dfhdf zf]if0f,
hgtfdfem cnf]slk|o, c;kmn / ug]{ Pj+ P]ltxfl;s / ;fd'bfoLs xfd|f] kf6L{ ljz]if cfu|x u5{ . /, ;'bz{gnufot lk=la=Pd= hLjGt, ljz]if r]shfFr ul/Fb} 5 . s] of] cfkm}n + ] pTkL8g, cGofo, lje]b / c;dfgtf
;+s6u|:t aGb} uPsf] 5 . otf xfd|f] klxrfg d'4faf/] klg u+eL/tf JoQm kmfl;jfbL lg/+sz ' v8\u cf]nL ;/sf/ l;=l;=Pd= k|Hjng, aGw'nufot bh{gf} l;h{gf u/]sf] cft+s xf]Og / < s] sfod /xg] 5 ta;Dd ljKnj
kf6L{ n ] /fi6« 3 ftL, e| i 6, 7u, gu/]sf] la1lKtdf pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . lj?4 zflGtk"0f{ ;8s cfGbf]ngdf g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x?nfO{ lu/km\tf/ Pp6f ;+oldt, ;Gt'lnt / ;+jb] gzLn rlDsO/xg] 5g\ . k|r08 / afa'/fdsf]
dfgjt:s/, dhb' / df/fx?nfO{ { s]Gb|n] hf/L u/]sf] la1lKtsf] t]>f] cfˆgf] ;lqmo e"ldsf /xg] s'/fdf g]skf u/]sf] 5 . Tolt dfq xf]Og, jftfj/0fnfO{ k|wfgdGqLn] o:tf cfTd3ftL lg0f{o cGTokl5 ljKnjsf] hGd ePsf] xf] /
hgtfsf] dfu / rfxgf adf]lhd gDa/ a'Fbfdf elgPsf] 5 Úcfˆgf] -dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|_ b[9 k|ltj4tf hfx]/ e8\sfpgsf nflu ;/sf/n] bf]xf]/f] ug{ ;S5 t < eGg] k|Zg p7]sf] 5 . s;}sf] d[To'n] jf s'g} g]tfsf] xTofn]
hgsf/afxL ub}{ hfFbf cfd hgtfsf sfo{lbzf / sfo{qmdaf/] hgtf dfem u5{ . kmfol/Ësf em'6f ;dfrf/x? ;Dk|i] f0f pgL km;]sf x'g\ of km;fO{Psf] xf], Tof] ljrf/sf] cGTo x'bF g} eGg] k'li6 ePsf]
aLrdf nf]slk|o x'bF } uPkl5 cfˆgf] Aofks ax; u/fO{ qmlGtsf/L Pstf v8\u cf]nL ;/sf/ /fhLgfdf b], ul//x]sf] 5 . Toltn] dfq gk'u/] ljKnj, pgn] g} hfg'g t/ o;n] ;/sf/nfO{ 5 . cfh /fli6«o :jflwgtfsf nflu
c;kmntf, abgfdL / ;+s6njfO{ / w|a' Ls/0f ;'b9[ ug{ ljKnj g]skfn] ljKnj g]skf–jftf{ u/ Û k|sf08, s+rg, ;Gtf]if a'9fdu/, yk ;+s6lt/ ws]ns ] f] 5 . 8f= uf]ljGb klg w|j' Ls/0f clgjfo{ ePsf] 5 . led
5f]Kg slyt czflGt dRrfPsf], rGbf hf/L ;+3if{sf] gLltdf u+eL/ k'glj{rf/ g]kfnsf] ;fj{ef}d;Qf, cv08tf clgnnufotsf ;a} g]tfx?nfO{ ;dft]/ s]=;L=n] k|wfgdGqL cf]nLdf pgn] b}lgs /fjnn] eg] h:t} /fi6«sf nflu ;of}+
p7fPsf] xjfnf lbFb} k|ltaGw 3f]if0ff ul/of];\ . ;fy}, nuftf/sf] aGbn] / ;dfhjfbL /fli6«o PsLs/0f– cfhLjg h]ndf ;8fpg] 8+sf lk6\b} 5 . ;]jg ug]{ cf}iflwsf] c;/ 5 / To;n] gfy'/fdx? hlGdg' kg]{ ePsf] 5 . ;a}
ub}{ r/d kmfl;jfb nfb\g k'us ] f] 5Ú . hgtf cflht /x]sf] l:yltdf r}t– lhGbfjfb ÛÆ csf]t{ km{ leqleq cfk/flws 9+un] pgnfO{ c;Gt'lnt agfO/x]sf] 5 eGg] ldn]/ :j:y k|lt:kwf{sf] dfWodaf6
;/sf/n] g] s kf dfly nufPsf] !^ ut]sf] g]kfn aGb lkmtf{ u/L cGo
k| l taGwsf] /fhgLlts kf6L{ , sfo{qmdåf/f /fhgLlts ;+3if{ cl3 tYoxLg===== g]tfx?sf] xTof;d]t ug]{ ;/sf/L dgzfo
;j{q pbfËf] ag]sf] 5 . abnfdf
l6Kk0fL u/]sf lyP . /fHo ;+rfng ug]{ Pp6f ;d[4 j}1flgs
3fts x'g hfG5g\\ . t;y{ xfd|f] kf6L{sf x'g'kg]{ M ;/sf/ ;+oldt ljb|f]xL ;dfhjfbL Joj:yf hxfF PsbnLo
dfgjclwsf/jfbL ;+3;:yf, gful/s a9fpg ljKnj g]skf ;dIf xfd|f] kf6L{ ljKnjsf] k|ltlqmof s:tf] cfpg] xf] eGg] cfqmfds tfgfzfxL xf]Og, k|lt:kwfTds /
;dfh, a' l 4hLjL, kqsf/, ljz]if cfu|x u5{ .Ú af/]df lagf tYo, cgfjZos, c;To
/ e|fds ;dfrf/ l;h{gf u/L ;Dk|z ] 0f ;j{q k|ltIff ul/Psf] 5 . o;}aLrdf w]/} ljZn]ifsx?n] l6Kk0fL u/]sf hgcg'df]lbt /fHo Joj:yf x'g] u/L
snfsf/nufotn] la/f]w ul//xFbf o; ljifodf g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{ @)&% r}q !! ut] ljKnjsf] Pp6f 5g\ ls ljb|fx] Lx?nfO{ s]xL cfqmfds ;a} ;Rrf nf]stGqjfbL, /fi6«jfbL /
;d]t ;/sf/n] k|ltaGw / bdgnfO{{ -dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|_sf cWoIf uf]kfn gug{ ;DalGwt ;a}df ckLn ub{5 .Ú
s]xLlbg cufl8 pQm kf6L{ df lj1lKt cfof] . h;df ;/sf/nfO{ uNtL x'g] 5'6 x'G5 t/ ;/sf/ ;+oldt qmflGtsf/L zlQmx?aLr ;xdlt u/]/
x6fpg'sf] ;§f rsf{P/ j:t'tM b]znfO{{ ls/ftLåf/f k|; ] lj1lKt h:tfsf] t:t}– ;Rrfpg], k|ltaGw x6fpg] / zflGtk"0f{ x'g;Sg'k5{ . t/ oxfF t 7Ls pN6f] Pp6f gofF /fli6«o Pstf sfod ug]k{ g]{
u[xo'4 / 4Gbtkm{ ws]Ng vf]hs ] f] ;d]t æxfd|f] kf6L{ g]skf -dfcf]jfbL s]Gb|_ rsf{] cGt/;+3if{ /x]sf], kf6L{ k|jQmf
Pj :yfoL ;b:o k|sf08nfO{{ lgnDag ;+3if{sf sfo{qmdx?sf] 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] ePsf] 5 ;/sf/ cfqmfds, ljb|fx] L 5 . /fli6«o :jflwgtf / cfdhgtfnfO{
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