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In Partial Fulfillment of the

Requirements for the Degree of
Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering

Submitted by:

Submitted to:

March 2019

Cagayan State University (CSU)-Carig Campus is largest state institution of

higher learning in the Cagayan Valley Region with a land area of 21.2 hectares with 7
different colleges offering 24 undergraduate programs in arts, agriculture, natural
sciences, and technology. CSU-Carig stands firm to its vision of transforming the lives
of Cagayanos and the Filipinos at large by educating for the best. It offers quality
education by providing meaningful leaning experiences.

One of the fundamental aspect in quality education is to have a conducive school

environment that can contribute to a better learning. Psychologically, a student can have
a better performance and achievements when they enjoy learning knowing that the
campus has adequate security and a friendly environment. However, solid wastes is one
of the biggest threat and hindrance for Cagayan State University to have this conducive
school environment for learning.

The lives of every college student is full of hassles, demands, and deadlines.
One of the solution to avoid this stressful lives of being a student is to practice time
management. However, student’s time is a limited resource. To manage time and for a
convenient lifestyle, students prefer single-use product which lead to a high quantities
of solid wastes generated. As an educational institution, it is the responsibility of CSU-
Carig to act responsibly towards the environment and society. CSU-Carig must drive
the efforts about this issue of wastes for it is to improve its image as well as to ensure
cleanliness, orderliness of the Campus. In order to attain this, waste management should
not only be implemented but also practiced and monitored in the university.

In this manual, it presents the greatest contributor of wastes in the campus, how
wastes are being generated, the wastes that are generated, and the possible prevention
and control of the wastes in the campus.

1. Disposal
The topmost in the hierarchy of the College of Engineering is disposal because
most of the time, wastes are placed in trash bins after they are discarded by the users.
Papers, plastics and other wastes that can be still beneficial are discarded immediately
after use and are not usually reused or recycled. This practice makes disposal to be in
the topmost of the hierarchy of the college.
2. Reuse
The next strategy emphasizes the reuse of materials for other purposes. This
practice involves reusing of papers and water bottles. For example, some professors use
the back of printed bond papers for printing lectures and some students use their paper
scraps for solving problems and notepads instead of disposing it immediately. Also,
water bottles are commonly reused by the students. They fill it with water in their
boarding houses before going to school instead of buying another bottle of water.
However, the number of reusing it is limited because it can be easily forgotten in their
class rooms or disposed when it is empty.
3. Source Reduction
After reuse, the next strategy in the hierarchy is the source reduction. Both the
college employees and students practiced this strategy to reduce the volume of solid
waste generated before it even enters the waste streams. Professors allow their students
to submit their requirements digitally rather than in print. In order to reduce the plastic
bottles generated, college employees and students bring their own water bottles.
4. Recycle
Recycling is the most common strategy yet it is in the lowest level of waste
management hierarchy in the College of Engineering. This is practiced during lantern
making contest wherein students make lantern out of recyclable materials.

1. Cagayan State University-Carig Campus
CSU – Carig Campus is located at Carig Sur, Tuguegarao City with a total
land area of 20.12 hectares which houses seven (7) colleges offering 24
undergraduate programs in the arts, agriculture, engineering, natural sciences, and
technology. Carig Campus is headed by Dr. Arthur G. Ibañez who is the current
Campus Executive Officer. The campus niche programs are food industry
innovation and metal industry.

2. College of Engineering
Engr. Audy R. Quebral is the current dean of the college that offers six
programs (Agricultural and Biosystem Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil
Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Electronics and
Communications Engineering). The waste generators in the building B includes the
college employees, students, some natural sources (trees, plants, etc.), and some
vendors roaming around the area.
3. Input and Outputs


 Food Wrappers
 Plastics Bottles
Foods  Plastic Wrappers
 Styrofoam
 Plastic spoon and fork

 Tissue
 Plastic container of
alcohol, face powder,
and toothpaste

School Supplies
School Supplies
 Bondpaper
 Notebook leaves
 Ballpen
 Pencil shavings
Garden Wastes

Garden Waste
 Leaves

 Twigs

Wastes generated by the College of Engineering specifically the B-building

generally comes from food, hygiene/personal care, school supplies and garden or the
natural resources. These inputs are used by the students and college employees which
later become wastes. These includes the food wrappers, plastic bottles, plastic wrappers,
styrofoam and plastic spoon and fork which are from food. While hygiene/personal care
add to the wastes such as tissue and plastic containers of alcohol, face powder,
toothpaste etc. In addition, wastes that come from school supplies contributes to the
volume of wastes such as bondpapers, notebook leaves, ballpen and pencil shavings.
Trees also contributes to the wastes of the college because of its falling twigs and leaves.
4. Process Flow


Vendors Students Natural Sources

Hygiene/Personal School Supply

Food Waste Garden Wastes
Care Waste Wastes

W Trash Bins
Big Blue Drums
G Dump Truck
The flow of how solid wastes from College of Engineering was generated from
students, natural sources and COE employees to how will the waste will be manage
through different practices on how to dispose the wastes is shown in the figure. The
wastes were classified into four categories which are food waste, hygiene/ personal care
waste, school supplies and garden waste then all these categories will be directly thrown
to trash bins to big blue drums, to dump truck and to the landfill.

5. Applicable Environmental Regulations

 Republic Act 9003: Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2001
The act policy declaration is to ensure the protection of public health and
environment and to utilize environmentally-sound methods that maximize the
utilization of valuable resources and encourage conservation and recovery. Also,
to ensure the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and
disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of the best
environmental practices in ecological waste management excluding incineration.
This law is applicable in the solid management of College of Engineering to ensure
good waste handling and correct separation of the waste generated in the Building

 Presidential Decree 825

Provides penalty for the improper disposal of garbage and other forms of
uncleanliness and for other purposes. All garbage, filth and other waste matters,
shall be placed in the proper receptacles for the disposition thereof by garbage
collectors. If the violator is a corporation, firm or other corporate entities, the
maximum penalty shall be imposed upon the president, manager, director or persons
responsible for its operation. Penalties include imprisonment for between five days
and one year or fines between P100 and P2000.

 Republic Act: 6969 (Toxic Substances and Hazardous Waste Control Act)
This Act makes provisions in order to manage industrial chemicals and
hazardous waste in all aspect of its life cycle, “cradle to grave”. It regulates, restrict
and/or prohibit the importation, distribution, use, manufacture of chemical
substances and generation, transportation, treatment, storage and disposal of
chemical substances and mixtures presenting risk and/or injury to human and
animal health or to the environment. It also provides the prohibition of entry and
transit of hazardous and nuclear waste and their disposal into the Philippines while
encouraging research and studies on toxic chemicals. This law is applicable to the
e-waste of the college of engineering which needs to be properly disposed. The
functional parts of a material can be reused rather than disposing. E-waste is
composed of inorganic chemicals which includes lead, cadmium, beryllium,
mercury and brominated flame retardants. Disposing of gadgets and devices
improperly increases the chances of these dangerous chemicals contaminating the
soil, polluting the air and leaching into water bodies.