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Two hours

UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER

SCHOOL OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Multiple Choice Practice Questions

Examination date not specified

Time: Examination time not specified

The use of electronic calculators is permitted provided they are not programmable and

do not store text.

Page 1 of 4 [PTO]

COMP61011

Section A

1. What are the three essential components of a learning system? Give a definition of

each. Give an example of each, including equations where necessary. (1 mark)

B. Error function, model, learning algorithm

C. Accuracy, Sensitivity, Specificity

D. Model, error function, cost function

2. The error function most suited for gradient descent using logistic regression is

B. The squared error

C. The cross-entropy function

D. The number of mistakes

3. After SVM learning, each Lagrange multiplier αi takes either zero or non-zero value.

What does it indicate in each situation?

margin boundary.

B. A non-zero αi indicates that the learning has not yet converged to a global mini-

mum.

C. A zero αi indicates that the datapoint i has become a support vector datapoint, on

the margin.

D. A zero αi indicates that the learning process has identified support for vector i.

Page 2 of 4

COMP61011

B. The network variant of Bayes Theorem, assuming independent features.

C. A probabilistic model of which Naive Bayes is a special case.

D. A network of probabilistic learning functions, connected by Bayes Rule.

What is the purpose of the ∑i αi (yi f (xi ) − 1) part?

B. To constrain the optimisation to ensure correct classifications.

C. To maximise the margins.

D. To minimise the margins.

B. Quadratic programming via Gradient Descent

C. Gradient Descent with Lagrange Multiplier constraints

D. Quadratic programming via Sequential Minimal Optimization

7. Assuming log base 2, the entropy of a binary feature with p(x = 1) = 0.75 is

A. 0.1875

B. 0.8113

C. 0.1887

D. 2.41

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COMP61011

B. It attempts to minimise the margin distribution.

C. It attempts to maximise the margins on the training data

D. None of the above

B. To sample M features without replacement from the total M.

C. To sample N examples with replacement from the total N.

D. To sample N examples without replacement from the total N.

10. A doctor can run a test for the horrible disease Examophobia. The test has two possible

outcomes: positive and negative. It is known that among all students, if Examophobia

is present, the test comes out positive 80% of the time, and negative 20% of the time.

If Examophobia is not present, the test comes out positive 1% of the time, negative

99%. Among the general student population, Examophobia is known to occur in 35%

of all students. A student enters the clinic and tests positive for the disease. What is

the probability they really have Examophobia?

A. 0.987

B. 0.977

C. 0.2

D. 0.35

Page 4 of 4

END OF EXAMINATION

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